The Computer from Pascal to Von Neumann

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Princeton University Press, 1993 - 378 ページ

In 1942, Lt. Herman H. Goldstine, a former mathematics professor, was stationed at the Moore School of Electrical Engineering at the University of Pennsylvania. It was there that he assisted in the creation of the ENIAC, the first electronic digital computer. The ENIAC was operational in 1945, but plans for a new computer were already underway. The principal source of ideas for the new computer was John von Neumann, who became Goldstine's chief collaborator. Together they developed EDVAC, successor to ENIAC. After World War II, at the Institute for Advanced Study, they built what was to become the prototype of the present-day computer. Herman Goldstine writes as both historian and scientist in this first examination of the development of computing machinery, from the seventeenth century through the early 1950s. His personal involvement lends a special authenticity to his narrative, as he sprinkles anecdotes and stories liberally through his text.

 

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The author was involved with the development of ENIAC, EDVAC, and the IAS machine so perhaps not surprising that he throws a little shade on Atanasoff and Turing. There is some interesting background ... レビュー全文を読む

目次

Beginnings
3
Charles Bahhage and His Analytical Engine
10
The Astronomical Ephemeris
27
Maxwell and Boole
31
Integrators and Planimeters
39
Michelson Fourier Coefficients and the Gibbs Phenomenon
52
v2 xx x GO 8 Billings Hollerith and the Census
65
Ballistics and the Rise of the Great Mathematicians
72
Beyond the ENIAC
184
The Structure of the EDVAC
204
The Spread of Ideas
211
First Calculations on the ENIAC
225
PostWorld War II The von Neumann Machine and The Institute for Advanced Study
237
PostKDVAC Days
239
The Institute for Advanced Study Computer
252
Automata Theory and Logic Machines
271

Bushs Differential Analyzer and Other Analog Devices
84
Adaptation to Scientific Needs
106
Renascence and Triumph of Digital Means of Computation
115
Wartime Developments ENIAC and EDVAC
121
Electronic Efforts prior to the ENIAC
123
The Ballistic Research Laboratory
127
Differences between Analog and Digital Machines
140
Beginnings of the ENIAC
148
The ENIAC as a Mathematical Instrument
157
John von Neumann and the Computer
167
Numerical Mathematics
286
Numerical Meteorology
300
Engineering Activities and Achievements
306
The Computer and UNESCO
321
The Early Industrial Scene
325
Programming Languages
333
Conclusions
342
WorldWide Developments
349
Index
363
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著者について (1993)

Herman H. Goldstine is currently Executive Officer of the American Philosophical Society.

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