« 前へ次へ »
ΚΙ NG Η Ε N R Y
PERSONS REPRESENTED. King Henry tbe Sixtb.
Basset, of ibe Red Rose, or Lancaster i. Duke of GLOSTER, Uncle to the King, and Proc teflor.
CHARLES, Dauphin, and afterwards King of Duke of BEDFORD, Uncle to the King, and Regent France. of France,
REIGNIER, Duke of Anjou, and Titular King of Cardinal BEAUFORT, Bishop of Winchester, and
Naples. Great Uncle to the King.
Duke of BURGUNDY. Duke of EXETER.
Duke of ALENÇON. Duke of SOMERSET.
Baftard of ORLEANS. Earl of WARWICK.
Governor of PARIS. Earl of SALISBURY.
Mafier-Gunner of ORLEANS. Bog, bis Sono Earl of SUFFOLK.
An Old Sbepherd, Farber to Yoan la Pucelle.
MARGARET, daugbter to Reignier, and afterwards
Countess of AUVERGNE. MORTIMER, Earl of March.
JOAN LA PUCELLI, commonly called, Joan of Sir John FASTOLPE. WOODVILLE, Lieute- Arc; a Maid pretending to be inspir'd from
nant of the Tower. Lord Mayor of London. Heaven, and serting up for the Coumpioness of
Fiends, attending bere
The SCENE is partly in England, and partly in France.
Brandith your crystal tresses in the sky;
And with them fcourge the bad revolting stars,
That have consented unto Henry's death! Diad Marcb. Enter obe Funeral of King Henry the
Henry the fifth, too famous to live long ! Fiftb, attended on by tbe Duke of Bedford, Re
5 England ne'er loft a king of so much worth. gott of France; tbe Duke of Gluter, Proteftor;
Glo. England ne'er had a king, until his time. ibe Duke of Exeter, and tbe Earl of Warwick;
Virtue he had, deserving to command: the Bishop of Winchester, and she Duke of so
His brandit'd sword did blind men with his beams; merfet, &c.
His arms spread wider than a dragon's wings; Bud. LUNG be the heavens with black, 10 His sparkling eyes, replete with wrathful fire, yield day to night!
More dazzled and drove back his enemies, Comets, importing change of times and states, Than mid-day sun, fierce bent against their faces.
'Mr. Theobald obferves, that “the historical transactions contained in this play, take in the compass of above thirty years. I must observe, however, that our author, in the three parts of Henry VI. has not been very precise to the date and disposition of his facts; but shuffled them, backwards and forwards, out of time. For instance; the lord Talbot is kill'd at the end of the fourth act of this play, who in reality did not fall till the 13th of July 1453; and The Second Part of Henry VI. opens with the marriage of the king, which was solemniz'd eight years before Talbot's death, in the year 1445. Again, in the second part, dame Eleanor Cobham is introduced to insult queen Margaret ; though her penance and banishment for sorcery happened three years before that princess came over to England, I could point out many other transgredions against history, as far as the order of time is concerned. Indeed, though there are several matter-ttrokes in these three plays, which inconte itably betray the workmanship of Shakspeare ; yet I am almost doubtful, whether they were entirely of his writing. And unless they were wrote by him very early, I should rather imagine them to have been brought to him as a director of the stage ; and so have received some finishing beauties at his hand. An accurate observer will easily fee, the diction of them is more obsolete, and the aumbers more mean and prosaical, than in the generality of his genuine compositions."
What should I say? his deeds exceed all speech: Among the soldiers this is muttered,
That here you maintain several factions ; Ex.. We mourn in black; Why mourn we not And, whilft a field Thould be dispatch'd and fought, in blood
You are disputing of your generals. Henry is dead, and never shall revive :
5 One would have ling'ring wars, with little coft : Upon a wooden coffin we attend;
Another would fly swift, but wanteth wings ; And death's dishonourable victory
A third man thinks, without expence at all, We with our stately presence glorify,
By guileful fair words peace may be obtain'd. Like captives bound to a triumphant car.
Awake, awake, English nobility;
Cropp'd are the flower-de-luces in your arms; Or shall we think the subtle-witted French of England's coat one half is cut away. Conjurers and forcerers, that, afraid of him,
Exe. Were our tears wanting to this funeral, By magic verses have contriv'd his end?
These tidings would call forth their flowing tides. Win. He was a king blest of the King of Kings. 15 Bed. Me they concern; regent I am of France :Unto the French the dreadful judgment-day Give me my steeled coat, I'll fight for France. So dreadful will not be, as was his fight.
Away with these disgraceful wailing robes ! 'The battles of the Lord of Hosts he fought: Wounds I will lend the French, instead of eyes, The church's prayers made him so prosperous. To weep their intermissive miseries. Glo. The church! where is it? Had not church-20 Enter to them anotber Messenger. men pray'd,
2 Mel. Lords, view these luiters, full of bad His thread of life had not so soon decay'd :
mischance, None do you like but an effeminate prince, France is revolted from the English quite; Whom, like a school-boy, you may over-awe. Except some petty towns of no import : Win. Glofter, whate'er we like, thou art pro-125 The Dauphin Charles is crowned king in Rheims; tector;
The bastard of Orleans with him is join'd; And lookest to command the prince, and realm. Reignier, duke of Anjou, doth take his part; Thy wife is proud; me holdeth thee in awe, The duke of Alençon fieth to his side. [Exit. More than God, or religious church-men, may. Exe. The Dauphin crowned king! all Ay to
Glo. Name not religion, for thou lov'it the flesh; 300, whither thall we fly from this reproach? [him! And ne'er throughout the year to church thou go'rt, Glo. Wewill not Ay, but to our enemies' throats : Except it be to pray against thy foes.
Bedford, if thou be Nack, I'll fight it out. Bed. Cease, cease these jars, and rest your minds Bed. Glofter, why doubt'st thou of my forin peace!
wardness ? Let's to the altar :-Heralds, wait on us : 35 An army have I muster'd in my thoughts, Instead of gold, we'll offer up our arms;
Wherewith already France is over-run. Since arms avail not, now that Henry's dead.
Enter a third Mefinger. Pofterity, await for wretched years,
3 Mej: My gracious lords, to add to your laWhen at their mothers' moist eyes babes shall suck;
ments, Our ise be made a nourish' of salt tears, 140 Wherewith you now bedew king Henry's hearse, And none but women left to wail the dead.- I must inform you of a dismal fight, Henry the fifth! thy ghost I invocate;
Betwixt the stout lord Talbot and the French. Prosper this realm, keep it from civil broils !
Win. What! wherein Talbot overcame? is't fo? Combat with adverse planets in the heavens ! 3 Mej: 0, no; wherein lord Talbot was o'erA far more glorious star thy soul will make, 45
thrown : Than Julius Cæsar, or bright
The circumstance I'll tell you more at large.
The tenth of August laft, this dreadful lord,
Having full scarce 3 fix thousand in his troop,
50 By three and twenty thousand of the French Guienne, Champaigne, Rheims, Orleans,
Was round encompassed and set upon : Paris, Guisors, Poictiers, are all quite loft.
No leisure had he to enrank his men; Bed. What say'st thou, man, before dead Hen- He wanted pikes to set befere his archers; ry's corse;
Instead whereof, sharp stakes, pluck'd out of hedges, Speak softly; or the loss of those great towns 55 They pitched in the ground confusedly, Will make him burst his lead, and rise from death. To keep the horsemen off from breaking in.
Glo. Is Paris lost? is Roan yielded up? More than three hours the fight continued; If Henry were recall’d to life again, (ghoft. Where valiant Talbot, above human thought, These news would cause him once more yield the Enacted wonders with his sword and lance. Exe. How were they lost? what treachery was 60 Hundreds he sent to hell, and none durft stand him; us'd?
[money. Here, there, and every where, enrag'd he flew : Mel: No treachery; but want of men and The French exclaim’d, The devil was in arms;
Nourish here fignifies a murse. 2 j. e. their miseries which have had only a short intermission from Henry the Fifth's death to my coming among them. 3 i.e. scarcely.
All the whole army stood agaz’d on him:
So in the earth, to this day is not known : His soldiers, spying his undaunted spirit,
Late, did he thine upon the English fide; A Talbot ! a Talbot ! cried out amain,
Now we are victors, upon us he smiles. And rush'd into the bowels of the battle.
What towns of any moment, but we have ? Here liad the conquest fully been seald up, 5 At pleasure here we lie, near Orleans; If Sir John Fastolfe had not play'd the coward : Otherwhiles, the famish'd English, like palc ghosts, He being in the vaward' (plac'd behind,
Faintly besiege us one hour in a month. With purpose to relieve and follow them)
Alen. They want their porridge, and their fat Cowardly fled, not having struck one stroke.
bull-beeves : Hence grew the general wreck and massacre ; 1o Either they must be dieted, like mules, Enclosed were they with their enemies :
And have their provender ty’d to their mouths, A base Walloon, to win the Dauphin's grace, Or pitcous they will look, like drowned mice. Thrust Talbot with a spear into the back;
Roig. Let's raise the liege; Why live we idly here? Whom all France, with her chicfaffembled strength, Talbot is taken, whom we wont to fear : Durft not presume to look once in the face. 15 Remaineth none, but mad-brain'd Salisbury;
Bed. Is Talbot Nain? then I will Nay myself, And he may well in fretting spend his gall, For living idly here, in pomp and ease,
Nor men, nor money, hath he to make war. Whilit such a worthy leader, wanting aid,
Cbar. Sound, found alarum; we will rush on Unto his daftard foe-men is betray'd.
them. 3 M:J. O no, le lives; but is took prisoner, 120 Now for the honour of the forlorn French :And lord Scales with him, and lord Hungerford : Him I forgive my death, that killeth me, Most of the rest Naughter'd, or took, likewise. When he sees me go back one foot, or Ay. [Excust.
Bed. His ransom there is none but I Mall pay : [Here alarum, they are beater: back by the Erglish, I'll hale the Dauphin headlong from his throne,
with great lufs. His crown shall be the ransom of my friend; 25 Re-enter Charles, Alençon, and R«ignier. Four of their lords I'll change for one of ours.- Cbar. Who ever saw the like? what men have Farewel, my masters; to my task will I;
3 Mel. So you had need; for Orleans is belieg'd; The other lords, like lions wanting food,
Aler. Froisard, a countryman of ours, records,
For none but Sarnpsons, and Golialles, Either to quell the Dauphin utterly,
It sendeth forth to skirmish. One to ten! Or bring him in obedience to your yoke. 140 Lean raw-bon'd rafcals! who would e'er suppose
Bed. I do remember it; and here take leave, They had such courage and audacity? To go about my preparation.
(Exit. Char. Let's leave this town; for they are hairGlo. I'll to the Tower with all the haste I can,
brain'd naves, To view the artillery and munition;
And hunger will enforce them to be more eager : And then I will proclaim young Henry king. [Exit. 45 Of old I know them ; rather with their teeth
Exe. To Eltham will I, where the young king is, The walls they'll tear down, than forsake the ficge. Being ordain'd his special governor;
Rrig. I think, by some odd gimmals 3 or device, And for his fafety there I'll best advise. [Exit. Their arms are set, like clocks, still to strike on;
Win. Each hath his place and function to attend : Else they could ne'er hold out so, as they do. I am left out; for me nothing remains.
50 By my consent, we'll e'en let them alone. But long I will not be Jack-out-of-office;
Alen. Be it so. The king from Eltham I intend to fend,
Enter the Bafturd (f Orleans. And sit at chiefest stern of public weal. [Exit. Baft. Where's the prince Dauphin? I have SCENE II.
news for him. Before Orleans in France.
55 Dau. Bastard of Orleans, thrice welcome to us. Enter Charles, Alerçin, and Reignier, marcbing with B.ft. Methinks, your looks are fad, your chear 4 a Drum and Soldiers.
appallid; Cbar. Mars his true moving, even as in the Hath the late overthrow wrought this offence ? heavens,
Be not dismay'd, for succour is at hand : 'i.e. the back part of the van or front.
2 These were two of the most famous in the list of Charlemagne's twelve pecrs; and their exploits are render'd fo ridiculously and equally extravagant by the old romancers, that from thence arose that saying amongst our plain and tennbic ancestors, of giving me a Rowland for bis Oliver, to fignify the matching one incredible lye with another; or, as in the modern acceptation of the proverb, io give a perjen as giod a one as be brirgs. 3 A gimmal is a piece of jointed work, where one piece moves within another, whcnce it is taken at large for an engine. 15 is now vulgarly called a gimcrack.
4 Chear is countenance, appearance.
A holy maid hither with me I bring,
Dau. Then come o' God's name, I fear no wo. Which, by a vision sent to her from heaven, Ordained is to raise this tedious fiege,
Puccl. And, while I live, I'll never Ay no man. And drive the English forth the bounds of France. [Here they fight, and Joan la Pucelle overcomes. The spirit of deep prophecy the hath,
5 Dau. Stay, itay thy hands; thou art an Amazon, Exceeding the nine sibyls of old Rome;
And fightest with the sword of Debora. What's past, and what's to come, she can descry. Pucel. Christ's mother helps me, else I were too Speak, shall I call her in? Believe my 2 words,
[help me ; For they are certain and unfallible.
Dau. Whoe'er helps tliee, 'tis thou that must Day. Go, call her in: But first, to try her skill, 10 Impatiently I burn with thy defire ; Reignier, stand thou as Dauphin in my place : My heart and hands thou hast at once subdu'd. Question her proudly, let thy looks be stern ;- Excellent Pucelle, if thy name be so, By this means Mall we found what skill me hath. Let me thy servant, and not sovereign, be; Enter y an la Pucelle.
| Tis the French Dauphin sueth to thee thus. Roig. Fair maid, is't thou wilt do these wondrous 15 Pucel. I must not yield to any rites of love, feats ?
[me For my profeffion's sacred from above :
Dau. Mean time, look gracious on thy prostrate Be not amaz'd, there's nothing hid from me :
thrall. In private will I talk with thee apart;
Reig. My lord, methinks, is very long in talk. Stand back, you lords, and give us leave awhile. Alen. Doubtless, he shrives this woman to her Reig. She takes upon her bravely at first dath.
smock; Pucel. Dauphin, I am by birth a shepherd' Else ne'er could he so long protract his speech. daughter,
251 Reig. Shall we disturb him, since he keeps no My wit untraind in any kind of art.
mean? Heaven, and our Lady gracious, hath it pleas'd Alen. He inay mean more than we poor men do To thine on my contemptible estate :
(tongues. Lo, whilst I waited on my tender lambs,
These women are Mrewd tempters with their And to sun's parching heat display'd my cheeks, 30 Reig. My lord, where are you? what devise God's mother deigned to appear to me ; And, in a vision full of majesty,
Shall we give over Orleans, or no ? Willid me to leave my base vocation,
Pucel. Why, no, I say, distrusful recreants ! And free my country from calamity :
Fight 'till the last gasp; I will be your guard. Her aid he promis’d, and assur'd success :
Dau. What she says, I'll confirm; we'll fight In compleat glory Me reveald herself; And, whereas I was black and swart before,
Pucel. Aflign'd I am to be the English scourge. With those clear rays which the infus'd on me, This night the fiege assuredly I'll raise : That beauty am I blest with, which you see. Expect Saint Martin's summer }, halcyon days, Ask me what question thou canst possible, 140 Since I have enter'd thus into these wars. And I will answer unpremeditated:
Glory is like a circle in the water, My courage try by combat, if thou dar'ft, Which never ceaseth to enlarge itself, And thou shalt find that I exceed my sex. 'Till, by broad spreading, it disperse to nought. Resolve on this: Thou shalt be fortunate,
With Henry's death the English circle ends ; If thou receive me for thy warlike mate. 45 Dispersed are the glories it included. Dau. Thou hast astonith'd me with thy high Now am I like that proud insulting Mip, terms:
Which Cæfar and his fortune bare at once. Only this proof I'll of thy valour make,
Dau. Was Mahomet inspired with a dove * ? In fingle combat thou shalt buckle with me; Thou with an eagle art inspired then. And, if thou vanquilheft, thy words are true ; 50 Helen, the mother of great Constantine, Otherwise, I renounce all confidence.
Nor yet Saint Philip's daughters 5, were like thee. Pucel. I am prepar'd: here is my keen-edgid Bright star of Venus, fall’n down on the earth, sword,
How may 1 reverently worship thee enough? Deck'd with fine flower-de-luces on each side; Alen. Leave off delays, and let us raise the fiege. Thewhich, atTouraine in Saint Katharine’schurch- 551 Reig. Woman, do what thou canst to lave our yard,
honours; Out of a deal of old iron I chose forth.
\Drive them from Orleans, and be immortaliz'd.
There were no nine faby's of Rome! but our author confounds things, and mistakes this for ihe nine books of Sibylline oracles, brought to one of the Tarquins. 2 It should be read, believe bor words. 3 That is, expect prosperity after misfortune, like fair weather at Martlemas, after winter has begun. 4 Mahomet had a dove, which he used to feed with wheat out of his ear; which dove, when it was hungry, lighted on Mahomet's shoulder, and thrust its bill in to find it's breakfait; Mibomet persuading the rude and simple Arabians, that it was the Holy Ghost that gave him advice. 5 Mean ing, she four daughters of Philip mentioned in the Arts.
Dar. Presently we'll try :-Come, let's away)
Glo. Stand back, thou manifeft conspirator; about it :
Thou, that contriv'dst to murder our dead lord; No prophet will I trust, if the prove false. Thou, that giv'l whores indulgences to fin*:
(Exeunt. I'll canvass thee in thy broad cardinal's hat', S CE N E
5 If thou proceed in this thy infolence. III.
[foot : Win. Nay, Nand thou back, I will not budge a Tower-Gates in London.
This be Damascus, be thou cursed Cain“,
To Nay thy brother Abel, if thou wilt.
I'll use, to carry thee out of this place. (face. Where be these warders, that they wait not here? Win. Do what thou dar'ft; I beard thee to thy Open the gates : it is Gloster that calls.
Gla. What ? am I dar'd, and bearded to my 1 Ward. Who's there, that knocketh so im- Draw, men, for all this privileged place ; [face? periously?
15 Blue-coats to tawny-coats. Priest, beware thy 1 Man. It is the noble duke of Glofter.
beard ; 2 Ward. Whoe'er he be, you may not be let in. I mean to tug it, and to cuff you foundly : 1 Man. Villains, answer you so the lord pro- Under my feet I'll stamp thy cardinal's hat ; tector?
In spite of pope, or dignities of church, 1 Ward. The Lord protect him! so we 20 Here by the cheeks I'll drag thee up and down. answer him :
Win. Glofter, thou'lt answer this before the pope. We do no otherwise than we are willid.
Gl. Winchester goose 6! I cry- A rope! a Glo. Who will'd you ? or whose will, Gands,
[stay but mine?
Now beat them hence, Why do you let them There's none protector of the realm, but I. 25 Thee I'll chase hence, thou wolf in sheep's array.-Break up the gates, I'll be your warrantize : Out, tawny-coats !-out, scarlet hypocrite ! Shall I be flouted thus by dunghill grooms ? Here Glofter's Men beat out the Cardinal's; and enter Glofter's Men ruft at the Tuwer-Gates, and Woodvile, in tbe burly-burly, tbe Mayor of London and bis tbe Lieutenant, speaks within.
Officers. Wo.d. What noise is this ? what traitors have 30 Mayor. Fie, lords ! that you, being supreme we here?
magistrates, Gla. Lieutenant, is it you, whose voice I hear? Thus contumeliously should break the peace ! Open the gates; here's Glofter, that would enter. Glo. Peace, mayor; for thou know ft little of Wood. Have patience, noble duke; I may not
my wrongs : open ;
35 Here's Beaufort, that regards nor God nor king, The cardinal of Winchester forbids :
Hath here distrain'd the Tower to his use. From him I have express commandement,
Win. Here's Gloster too, a foe to citizens ; That thou, nor none of thine, shall be let in. [me? One that still motions war, and never peace,
Glo. Faint-hearted Woodvile, prizeft him 'fore O'er-charging your free purses with large fines ; Arrogant Winchester? that haughty prelate, 140 That seeks to overthrow religion, Whom Henry, our late sovereign, ne'er could Because he is protector of the realm ; brook ?
And would have armour here out of the Tower, Thou art no friend to God, or to the king: To crown himself king, and suppress the prince. Open the gates, or I'll mut thee out Shortly.
Glo. I will not answer thee with words, but Serv. Open the gates there to the lord protector ; 45
(Here they firmish again. We'll burst them open, if that you come not Mayor. Nought rests for me, in this tumultu. quickly.
ous strife, Enter to the Protector, at ebe Tower-Gates, Win- But to make open proclamation :cbefter and bis men in saruny coats 2.
Come, officer; as loud as c'er thou canst. Win. How now, ambitious Humphry? what 500f. All manner of men, assembled bere in arms ebis day, means this?
against God's peoce and be king's, we charge and Glo. Piel'd 3 priest, dost thou command me to command you, in bis highness' name, to repair to be shut out?
your several dwelling places; and not Win. I do, thou most usurping proditor,
bandle, or usi, any sword, weapon, or dagger, And not protector of the king or realm. 1551 bencefirward, upon pain of death.
I Convegance means tbefi. 2 A lawny coat was the dress of the officer whose business it was to fummon offenders to an ecclefiaftical court. These are the proper attendants therefore on the bithop of Winchester. 3. Alluding to his shaven crown. In Weever's Funeral Monuments, p. 154. Robert Baldocke, bishop of London, is called a peeled priest, pilide clerk, seemingly in allution to his Maven crown alone. So, bald-bead was a term of scorn and mockery. 4 The public news were formerly under the district of the bishop of Winchester. 5 This means, I believe, I'll tumble : bee into the great kat, and foake sbee, as bran and meal are fraken in a fieve. Maundrel, in his Travels, says, that about four miles from Damascus is a high hill, reported to be the same on which Cain Dew his brother Abel. ? A Strumpet, or the consequences of her love, was a Winchester goose. Nn 2