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| In great cities and centres of commerce the spirit of integrity KEY TO EXERCISES IN LESSONS IN ALGEBRA.

is often endangered. It is so difficult to be morally whole that EXERCISE 8.

some part of our nature becomes unreal or untrue. If we do 1. 2-y. 6. 1 - *.

not adopt false weights, we are in danger often of using false 2. a-b.

advertisements; and if we escape the temptation to adulterate 7. c + d + 3. b + c.

our goods, we may fall into the snare of unrighteously puffing 4. aa - ax + xx.

them. Multitudes fall victims to the influence of association; 3. a + b + 5. * - 2x + 3aax,


they lose the sense of their individuality in a large company or

a select directorate, and thus the balance of their judgment in. EXERCISE 9.

clines to what the majority deem expedient and wise. The par. 1. 2ay + ax - 3om + 4.

ticular conscience is silenced in the general opinion, and thus 2. 4a - 3 + 2y + 1 - 5ada + im.

3xy 6xyz (a + b).

very often vicious proceedings take place which never would

have occurred had each man been left to the convictions of his

1 5. - * qoyu + 4 my + 6

abc. Sabc 3

own mind, and the light of his own judgment. Integrity is not

so easy a virtue to preserve as it may seem to be; it consiste 20. Saya + Sax - 10bcm + 12a.

greatly in the balance of moral power. The amiable man may dy 21. - 4x + 6 - 20 - 21 + 5ay +

forfeit integrity if he neglects to be angry with wrong and rd ad ard" 23. x + y.

violence; the generous man may forfeit integrity if, whilst free

and easy with all around him, he yet leaves his children un25. 20 +

cared for, and his family overborne with anxieties and difficulties; 9. 4or - 3xy + 6xd - Phg.

the kind man may be other than upright, if he props up lazi10. 3y + 6cdx + 2a - 5aab. 26. 2x - b + c +

ness, and makes the gift of his charity a premium upon indo11. 4.

lence and vice. 27. aa + 2a - 4

Integrity requires thought and wisdom; only superficial 12, a - 12b +

28. b + 2c.
29. 4a® + 2ab +62.

people think of virtues as spontaneously springing up in the 13. 10ab + (x + y)- 13–3(a+b) 30. r? 2ax + a'.

heart, and then taking care of themselves. Those who dislike 31, 2y -- 3y + 2.

trouble are seldom people of integrity; they are indifferent to 15. 2.

32. a* + 24 + 8 + **+ * +1. claims which harass and fatigue them, and are flattered some 16. b + d-a(a + b) + 42xy- b. 33. 2xx 3x + 1

times as good easy souls, when, in fact, they are most cruel to 17 17. 3 +

those who have righteous claims upon their energy and endea

vours. EXERCISE 10.

Integrity, if it be thus difficult to cultivate, yet more than 1. bc' and x*y*.


compensates its possessor by the creation of a high moral tone; 15. 2.2-3 + 5x®y +22cy* +88y8+, 2. rin and m-an.

the desire to be whole, or entire, keeps the mind from laxity, - ax + a'.

and acts like a tonic upon all the other powers. In time such 16. 28 2x2 + 3x - 4 + 4. a - ary - 2ayo.

a man's word becomes regarded as his bond, and his opinions 5. Qob - 2ab".

are received with the deference which belongs to those whose 17. 48 + 2x2 + 3x + 4 + Зах?.

2x+1characters are untainted with the suspicion of being fickle, time7. ** + 3xy - 29

7x - 7 18. ** + 3x + 7 +

serving, or false. 8. 2° - 3x - 2.

** - 3x + 2

It is recognised integrity which makes the family solicitor

3a3x - 5a.
19. 54


trusted and respected from generation to generation--which 10. a +b-c. 20. 23 + 3x*v + 3x02 + 03.

makes the trustworthy clerk find a profitable sphere of duty 11. 2725 21. 3.43 9.2 + 2x - 1.

in some foreign city, where he remains connected with the az - Q3 22. Sa+b + 2ab - 26%c - 3be".

same commercial house at a vastly augmented salary-it is in23. a2 + ab + * + bc + G8 - ac. tegrity which makes the merchant able to command a credit 5a33_20379 24. 2x% - - 3vo + 2x.

without which some of his largest enterprises would be impos13. 2y* -say-2a"

5y3-4ay+a'y25. x + 2x2 + 3x + 474 + 5x5 + 628 sible to him. 14. 7r -5.

+ 7x7 + 8*.

Integrity has been honoured in all ages—the word itself has EXERCISE 11.

synonyms in all languages. Doubtless, too, it has its root in

that old Latin tongue which embodies the best epoch of the 1. a+b. 4. a-b2.

7. a - 26. 2. c+*.

Roman people, when their matrons were renowned as most 3. 3 - 8x - 3. 6. 2-a. 9. a +b.

virtuous, and their stern adherence to rigid morals saved them

from the dangers which had imperilled other nations. Integrity EXERCISE 12.

has its root, however, deeper still in the old Hebrew 1. bceg.

4. (qa ). 2. abs. 5. 36a3.

* 3. 60abcdef. 6. a* + a3x - x - **.

"me-preserve-shall uprightness-and-Integrity."

That is, indeed, the motto which, so far as it has been em. ESSAYS ON LIFE AND DUTY.-XVI.

bodied in the histories of peoples, has made them honoured, and

tended to the perpetuation of their power and influence. NaINTEGRITY.

tions, like men, perish from those permitted weaknesses which INTEGRITY comes from the Latin word integer--meaning the undermine the foundations of integrity and truth. whole of anything, and has the two senses of uninjured and Troubles and difficulties are incidental to all lives; but the complete. Wholeness, when applied to character, is manifestly sustaining power of conscious integrity is so great that it canconnected with the idea of wholesomeness. A life of integrity not be measured. Even in the hour of mercantile failure, or is a wholesome life, and that which distinguishes integrity from even of imputed dishonour, the consciousness of rectitude takes its cognate words is the idea of general completeness. There the barb from the arrow directed at us, and we stand not only are certain pet virtues which gain prominence sometimes in unharmed by the attack, but peaceful and hopeful amid the human character, and their possessors are greatly landed for worst trials. It is complicity with evil and wrong that blanches beneficence, or temperance, amiability or charity; but it some the countenance, palsies the arm of energy, and undermines the times happens that these special virtues so overtop others that arches of human endurance. Every nation has its heroes, and they almost wither and dry up under the shadow of these largely. these are to be found amid warriors, statesmen, philanthropists, developed or exaggerated virtues. Who has not known very and discoverers ; but let integrity be wanting, and the blot just people who have been sour and snappish ? and very soon comes out on the escutoheon, and not all the false paint of generous people who have been idle and slovenly? Integrity, Aattery can hide the delinquency. Brilliant feats of arms, then, is moral completeness-the manifestation of a thorough- splendid oratorical efforts-these, indeed, remain the same, as ness of character which finds

a place for all the excellences. monuments of genius ; but the characters lose their lustre if

I. + a +

a" - ax + 4%.

18x2 + 12r.

12. 2

x + 4+

5. & + 1.

8. a? - ".

תס וישר יצרוני

there be laxity of moral principle, and as the poet Young | Schmeđt Ihnen dieser Kuchen nicht? 15. O ja, er schmedt mir sehr gut.

16. Schmet Ihnen das Essen? 17. Nein, Herr Docter; es schmect "Their height is but the gibbet of their name."

mir Allee bitter. 18. Id bin eg, der dies spricht und gesprochen hat. Integrity, of course, applies to motives as well as to actions, 19. Er ist es, der tiefe Worte zu sprechen wagte

. 20. Nicht wahr, Sie or it would not be wholeness ; it implies that mankind are sind es, der gesagt hat, man möge die Gefangenen losgeben? 21. Ia, governed by principles of righteousness, quite as much as that und Sie sind es, der mir widersprochen þat. 22. Diese Worte haben unsern their conduct is outwardly honourable; it thus happens that jungen Freund tief gefränkt. 23. Sie scheint gefränkt worden zu sein. the map of integrity is sometimes obliged to offend against the 24. Man darf sich nicht über jede Seleinigkeit gefränft fühlen. 25. Man popular sentiment for the time being. He cannot, it may be, barf dem Gedanken, gefränkt worden zu sein, nicht lange in tem Herzen fall in with some course of procedure, which, whilst it seems to be Raum geben. 26. Haben Sie schon dieses Obf. versucht? 27. Ja, ich harmless and to promise well, is not yet based upon sound prin- vabe es soeben versucht. ciples; and just as he knows that some tiny flaw in the founda

EXERCISE 167. tion of a building will afterwards make itself felt and seen in 1. When did your friend meet with the accident? 2. It hapdisjointed walls and crumbling ceilings, so the man of integrity pened yesterday; he knows not how to get over it. 3. We will knows that a false principle, however seemingly expedient, will try everything to better his situation. 4. If the circumstances in the after time manifest itself in most ungainly ways. Thus of those people were to be changed, everything would go well it is that the upright inherit the future ; they are not eager to with them. 5. It has often been the case that his goodness catch at every straw of popularity, but their lives develop in has been abused. 6. The punishment which those idle boys the long run, and the pedestal on which they stand is based on received was right. 7. Happen what will, I shall trust in God. no sandy foundation of popular sentiment, but on the firm rock 8. What is done cannot be undone, and what has been said of righteousness. It will be seen in the study of history that cannot be unsaid. 9. Do you relish your food ? 10. No, docmany of the noblest men were at certain epochs of their lives at tor, I relish nothing; everything tastes bitter. 11. It was my Fariance with their age; but on these very occasions their cha- friend who spoke these words; they might assist these poor racter shines the most brightly, as we see their motives to be emigrants. 12. What did your new carriage cost (you)? 13. true, and their actions to be right. To be whole in all the It cost (me) fifty guineas. 14. Have you already tasted this virtues is difficult indeed; but it is an effort worth the making, cake? 15. Yes, I have, but I do not like it; have you any and nothing less than aspiration after this entireness meets the other ? meaning of the old and expressive word, " Integrity.”


Verseßen (from ver, against, etc., § 97. 3, and seßen), has a LESSONS IN GERMAN.-XLII.

variety of significations; as, " to put in a wrong place, to mis

place, to remove, to pawn;" also, " to set against, i.e., to fetch, SECTION LXXXVI.-IDIOMS OF VERBS. deal out, or give,” as a blow, etc. It likewise signifies “to frien, when used transitively, signifies “to test, or try by reply;” as:-Auf diese Fragen und Beschuldigungen versette er Folgendes, tasting ; " as :-Er fostet den Wein, he tastes the wine.

to these questions and accusations he replied as follows (followBerjucen has sometimes the same signification; as :

-Er ver. ing). Er verfekte dem Pferde einen Schlag, he gave the horse a blow. fact ben Wein, he tries the wine (that is, by tasting).

Der Glaube verseßt Berge, (the) faith removes mountains. 1. Stmeden, to relish, denotes properly the impression made 1. Heber Feld gehen (literally, to go over field) signifies, “to by tasting; as :- Der Wein schmeckt gut, the wine tastes good. take a trip across the fields ;” as :

-Wir gehen morgen früh über fi fámect mir nicht (it does not relish to me), I do not relish it. Feld, we are going to take a trip across the fields to-morrow Die Sreise scmedt nach Rauch, the food tastes of smoke (is smoky). morning:

2. Daß (that) is sometimes used instead of seit, and may then VOCABULARY.

be translated "since;" as:-3st er lange, daß Sie ihn gesehen haben ? Lantern, to alter, Ker'fermeister, m.jailer. Stellung, f. situation. is it long since you have seen him ? change. Kuchen, m, cake. Verschaffen, to pro

Bitter, bitter. Los'geben, to set free,
Emirjan'gen, to release.

Wunder, n. wonder, Qus'bitten, to beg for, Goldstück, n. gold. Städter, m. townsсайте. . Miß'brauchen, to mis miracle, prodigy.

ask for, request. piece.

man, citizen. Gemüse, h vegeta

Züch'tigung, f. chas. Bese'hen, to look on, Hierauf, hereupon. Treiben, to drive. bles. Selig, blissful, bless tisement, correc at, to view.

Mangel, m. want, lack, Berrätherei', f. treachJenig, present. ed, happy.

Dazu', thereto, to it. deficiency.


Dürftigkeit, f. neces-Poli'tisch, political. Bersek'en. (See above.)

sity, indigence. Poft'meister, m. post- Bor'mittag, m. foreDie That ist geschehen, und alle The deed has transpired, and all Einfach, simple, plain. master.

Reid'thümer der Erde fönnen sie (the) riches of this earth can- Fangen, to take, seize. Shlicht, plain, home-Welttheil, m. part of nicht un'geschehen machen. not make it otherwise. Flach, flat, even. ly.

the world or globe. Der Eräge weiß nicht, was er thun The slothful (man) knows not Flüchtling, m.fugitive. Spötteln, to jeer, jibe, Worů’ber, of what, sell (Sect. LXXIV. 2), um sich what to do in order to drive Fülle, f.fulness,plenty banter.

whereof, whereat. tie Pangeweile zu vertreiben. away (the) tediousness. Dieser Hinterbraten schmeckt mit This roast beef relishes (to me)

RÉSUMÉ OF EXAMPLES. beffer, ale jenes Geflü'gel. better than that poultry.

Der Heim'tüdische Mensch versek'te The malicious man gave me, in Og var der Papagei', der soeben It was the parrot that just mir hin'terlistiger Weise einen a deceitful manner, a blow gesprod'en hat. spoke. Schlag in den Rüden.

upon the back. Der Jüngling fühlte fich über den The youth felt (himself) deeply Der Vater geht tiefen Nach'mittag The father goes this afternoon estacht', den man auf ihn hatte, mortified on account of the

über Feld

over the country. tisí gefränkt'.

suspicion which rested upon Er weiß nicht, wie er zu diesem Re': He does not know how he came
genschirm gekom'men ist.

by this umbrella.

Er geht beina'he alle Tage auf's He goes nearly every day into

Land, und erfrischt' sich an Milch 1. Das Unglüd ist geschehen, und nicht mehr zu ändern. 2. Wann ist

the country, and refreshes und Obst.

himself with milk and fruit. ibm tiefes Unglüd begegnet? 3. Es geschah vor einer Stunde. 4.

Das Verbrech'en dieses Mannes ist The crime of this man has come Dat geldjehen tann, soll geschehers, um diesen Leuten eine bessere Stellung zu berichaffen. 5. Gs ist schon oft der Fall gewesen, tas tas Vertrauen Gr ist lange nicht bei uns gewe'sen.

an den Tag gekommen.

to light.

He has not for a long time been gemißbraudt worden ist. 6. &s fanden in früherer Zeit mehr Wunder

at our house. und Zeichen Statt, als in der jebigen. 7. && geschah ihm recht, einmal &r ist nicht lange bei uns geweisen. He has not been long at our eine Züchtigung empfangen zu haben. 8. Es geschieht nichts ohne Gottes

house. Wifen und Willen. 9. Der Müßiggänger weiß nicht, was er thun soll

. 10. Der ficifige Knabe wußte nicht, was er weiter thun sollte. 11. Der

EXERCISE 168. Retfermeister fragte, was er thun folle, um selig zu werden. 12. Wie 1. Er versekte ihm einen Schlag in das Gesicht. 2. Scherzweise vermedt Ihnen das Gemüse ? 13. Es ichmeckt mir vortrefflich. 14. I jepte mir die Schwester einen Schlag mit der flachen Hand.

3.° 68 schicht





fich nicht für Knaben, einander zu schlagen. 4. Der Vater ift über land | Ueberge'ben, to sur-/ Versor'ger, m.provider, Vorübergehen, to pass gegangen, und wird erst gegen Abend zurüdkommen. 5. Mein Bruder war render, deliver. sustainer.

by. diesen Vormittag auf dem Felde, um das Korn zu besehen, und diesen Nach Berfeyʻlen, to miss, fail. Borbei gehen, to pass Wehen, to blow. mittag geht er in die Stadt, um seinen franken Petter zu besuchen. 6. Wie Bericheu'chen, to scare, ono (unnoticed), to Wilddieb, m. poacher, find Sie zu diesem Goldftüde gekommen? 7. Ich habe es gefunden, als ich frighten.

miss the way.

deer-stealer. auf das Feld ging. 8. Man weiß nicht, wie dieser Mann zu seinem Reichthume gekommen ist. 9. Reiche Leute wohnen den Winter über in

RÉSUMÉ OF EXAMPLES. ber Stabt, und den Sommer auf dem Lande. 10. Wenn reiche und stolze Wir lieben einen Menschen nicht We honour a man no longer Städter auf baš land fømmen, so spötteln sie gern über die schlichten und långer, als wir ihn achten; ist than we respect him-if (the) einfachen Sitten seiner Bewohner. 11. Ludwig XVI. wurde noch an den die Achtung bin, so ist es auch die respect is gone, so also is Grenzen Frankreiche durch die Verrätherei eines Postmeisters gefangen ge


(the) love. nommen. 12. Der Dieb wurde vom Nachtwächter gefangen genommen, Wer einmal den ersten Schritt zu He who has taken the first step als er aus dem Hause entfliehen wollte. 13. Man wußte lange nicht, wer

einem Verbrechen gethan' hat, to a crime, also easily takes bie Fremben waren, bis es endlich an den Tag fan, daß es politische Flücht. thut auch leicht den zweiten.

the second. linge waren. 14. Endlich ist es an den Tag geformen, worüber Jahre Er hat einen guten Schuß gethan'. He has made a good shot, lang der Schleier des Geheimnisses hing. 15. Ghe er fich zu mir in Er ist soe'ben an dem Fenster vorüber He has just passed by the winben Wagen seßte, bat er sich als Bedingung aus, daß ich langsam fahren

or vorbei' gegan'gen.

dow. möchte. 16. Als er gefragt wurde, warum er diese entwürdigende Handlung Er will nicht aus gehen, weil der He will not go out, because the

). Hierauf befekte ich ihm, das Mangel kein Grund zum Diebstahl, und Noth Wir werden wohl noch 'Schnee be. We shall probably yet have kein Grund zu einem Verbrechen sei. 18. Das Schicksal verseşte ihn aus fom'men.

(get) snow. der Fülle in die gr. šte Dürftigkeit, wie es mich oft aus einer Stellung Es geht ein starfer Wind.

There is a strong wind blowing. in die andere, aus einem Lande in das andere und aus einem Welttheil Von wem ist die Rede?

Of whom do you talk (is the in den andern verseşte; aber den härtesten Schlag versegte es mir dadurch,

question)? daß es mir an dem Tage meiner Ankunft in Amerika den Bruder sterben

EXERCISE 170. liej. EXERCISE 169.

1. Die beiden Freunde waren es (Sect. XXXV. 6) müte, länger mit

cinander zu streiten. 2. Der König und die Kaiserin, des langen Haters 1. My brother goes to-morrow morning with his friend over müde, fie machten endlich Friede (Bürger). 3. Da der Wind ziemli the country, and will return in the evening. 2. How came you starf und anhaltend wehte, so erblichten wir schon nach vierzehn Tagen fant by this book? 3. As I went over the country I found it. 4. 4. Es weht heute ein sehr falter Wind, und ich befürchte, daß wir Sdne The father gave the boy a blow with his hand. 5. Upon the befommen werden. 5. Der Wind hat sich seit Mittag sehr gelegt ; et questions which the judge asked the criminal, he replied that weht bei weitem nicht mehr so stark, als diesen Morgen. 6. Es ging he had not committed the crime purposely. 6. I have not been eine so kalte und schneidende Luft, taß er sich binnen fünf Minuten for a long time in Germany. 7. I have not been long in Ger- beide Hände erfror. 7. Lebt mein Vater nod? 8. Ja, er lebt noch, many. 8. It is a long time since I have seen my parents and aber unser junger Freund ist nicht mehr. 9. Wohl ihm, et it hiru brothers. 9. He did not know for a long time who it was that gegangen, wo fein Schnee mehr ift. 10. Gr, der Versorger so vieler Armen

, had taken his pencil-case, after it was found. 10. Let us take ist nicht mehr. 11. Woron (Sect. XXVIII.) lebt viese arme Familie? a pedestrian tour, as we have beautiful weather to-day. 11. 12. Wovon wird gesprochen? 13. Bon wem spricht man? 14. Das ist How long is it since you have heard anything of your friends ? etwas, wovon Sie nichts verstehen. 15. Wovon ist die Rebe? 16. Von 12. I do not know, but I believe it is more than a month since wem Haben Sie das gehört? 17. Von wem haft du dieses artige Gesident I have heard anything of them.

erhalten? 18. Der Wilddieb schoß nach dem Jäger, allein die Kugel

verfehlte ihr Ziel, und ehe er noch einen andern Souß thun fonnte, fan! SECTION LXXXVIII.-IDIOMATIC PHRASES.

er selbst, getroffen von dem Blei bes Jägers. 19. Ohne Schuß unt

Schwertstreich wurde die Feftung übergeben. 20. Er that einige Schäfse Hin (Sect. XXVII.), applied to time, may.refer as well to the in dem Garten, um die Vögel zu verscheuchen. 21. Der junge Englänter future, as to the past; as:-Bis zu dem zwanzigsten Jahrhundert hin ging foeben an unserer Thüre vorüber. 23. Er ist an mir vorbei gegangen, können nod viele Umwälzungen, in der alten Welt sowohl, wie in der neuen, ohne mich zu erblicken. 23. Dieser Mann hat die günstigfte Zeit feines Statt finden, up to (between this and) the twentieth century Lebens unbenügt vorbeigehen lassen. 24. Ais Friedrio ver Große einen (thither) there may yet, in the Old World, as well as in the jungen Dfficier nach einer Schlacht sehr "uszeichnete und öffentlich lobte

, New, many revolutions take place. Mancher flagt nach einem leicht- fo antwortete dieser : Gw. ($ 58. Note) Majestät beschämen mich tart finnig verlebten Jünglingsalter, daß nun die günstigste Zeit, um Kenntnisse biese Ehre." 25. Trage (s 57. 7) mir riesen Brief auf die Port zu erwerben, hin sei

, many a one complains, after a frivolously Johann, und laß mir diese goldene uýr ausbessern. 26. Bist Du lichen spent youth, that (now) the most favourable period for acquiring bei dem Herrn Minister gewesen, und hast Du meine Aufträge pünktlid knowledge is past (lost, or gone). In this latter sense, vahin is besorgt? 27. Ja, gnädiger Herr, ich habe sie ausgerichtet

. 28. 34 hake likewise employed; as :-Die Érnte ist vergangen, der Sommer ist heute keinen Schritt aus dem Hause gethan. 29. Obgleich ich den ersten dahin, the harvest is gone, the summer is past.

Schritt zu einer Versöhnung gethan habe, so fält es ihm doch schwer, tem 1. Einen Shritt thun= to take a step; as:—Welche Schritte müssen zweiten zu thun. 30. In feinem fechzehnten Jahre that er ben ersten gethan werden? what steps must be taken ? Schritt halten=to Schritt in die fremde. 31. Dieser junge Schüler sucht mit bent altern keep step, to keep pace; as :- Dieser Knabe versucht mit dem Vater gleichen Schritt zu halten. gleichen Schritt zu halten, this bay tries to keep step with his (the)

EXERCISE 171. father. Heinrich ist nicht fleißig genug, um beim Erlernen der deutschen Sprache mit Ernst gleichen Schritt halten zu können, Henry is not dili

. dustrious. 2. Go step by step, and thou wilt not miss thy aim,

1. You will keep pace with your brother if you are more ingent enough (in order) to enable him to keep pace with Ernest 3. From whom have you received this present? 4. Of what is in learning the German language. 2: Ginen Schuß thun= to make a shot, to shoot; as :-Bis zu alivo ! 7. Yes, she is still alive ; but my father is no more. 8:

it made? 5. By whom is it made ? 6. Is my mother still tiesem Tage hat kein Mensch einen so berühmten Schuß gethan, wie Wilhelm Peace to him! 'he is gone where troubles are no more

. 9. It Tell, up to this day has no man made so renowned a shot as blows very roughly to-day, and therefore it is better to stay at William Tell.

home. 10. I think we shall have rain when the wind abates. VOCABULARY.

11. Do not go out, for the air is so very cutting, and I fear you Auftrag m. order, Grfrie'ren, to freeze, Majeftat', f. may chill your hands. 12. As long as the wind is in the east, direction. chill.


it will remain cold and dry. 13. Finally, tired of the long Aut'bessern, to mend, Onadig, gracious, Pünktlich, punctual, quarrel, I made peace with my friends. repair. clement.

punctually. Bescha'men, to shame, Hader, m. quarrel, Schuß, m, shot.



Schwertstreich, fuse.

EXERCISE 119 (Vol. II, page 282).
Legen, to lay (fic legen, stroke with the
Binnen, within. to abate).


1. Was er auch sagen mag. ich werbe Gebarren. 2. Selbst mit diesem




Sorun maren sie nicht zufrieben. 3. Das Unglüd dieser Familie war fo Könige und Fürsten pflegen mit sechs Pferden spazieren zu fahren. 11. Als groß, daß sie sogar fremde Leute um Unterstüßung baten. 4. Ich werde er hätte entfliehen können, versagten ihm seine Kräfte. 12. Das Golz wird Klbft mit einer Begleitung nicht abreisen. 5. Der Mond giebt und nicht so zum Bauen verwendet. 13. Er hat den größten Theil seiner Jugend auf nid lidt, als die Sonne, selbst wenn er am hellsten scheint. 6. Was Ihr wissenschaftliche Studien verwendet. 14. Reisen durch das Rheinthal find Freund aud sein mag. Sie werden es nicht erhalten. 7. Wer dieses junge angenehmer zu Fuß als zu Pferde. 15. Johann führt seine Schwester durch Fräulein auch sein mag, fie ist sehr unhöflich. 8. So liftig fie auch sein den Part spazieren, während ihr Vater spazieren reitet. mögen, irten sie sich doch zuweilen. 9. So groß auch meine Armuth sein

EXERCISE 124 (Vol. II., page 315). mag, twerte ich doch nicht muthlos werben. 10. Was die Neuigkeit auch feun mag, theile fie mir mit. 11. Was ihm auch für Vortheile dargeboten 1. The physician has advised me to go out as little as possible. 2. werden, er will sie nicht annehmen. 12. Was er auch für Fehler begangen Emily works as little as possible, in order to preserve the delicacy of

3. Children should be unemployed as little as possible at Ruben mag, ich werde ihm verzeihen. 13. Selbst in der Hiße der Schlacht, her hands. und unter dem Donner ver Kanonen, ritt der Feldherr ruhig hin und her. I any time. . 4. He speaks so little, in order to excite no attention. 5. 14. So groß auch mein Unglück sein mag, Niemand foll es erfahren. 15.

Ferdinand is now very little at home. 6. On my last journey I had

very little luggage with me. 7. Will you have some meat ? 8. Yes, Selbft ece König muß dem Gefeße gehorchen. 16. Selbst mein Gegner but only very little. 9. There remains nothing else for him but to pries meine Tapferkeit.

beg or to work. 10. There remains nothing else, you must act now. EXERCISE 120 (Vol. II., page 283).

11. Of all his property, there remained nothing else for him but a spot

of land. 12. Of all the flowers, this rose only remained. 13. of the 1. He who is careful in his youth, need not have cares in his ola whole regiment, he only remained. 14. I cannot get rid of these sorage 2. Study thyself, not only in the society of strangers, but also rowful thoughts. 15. In order to get rid of our false friends, we must sheu thou art alone, that thou mayest know thyself. 3. He who lend them money. 16. Grant him his request, in order to get rid of does not always study himself, never acquires self-knowledge. 4. The

him. 17. Now the sport.commenced afresh. 18. The plaster of the ancient Germans used generally to sacrifice to their gods in old groves

wall breaks off. 19. When the war re-commenced, he took the field doak. 5. Good children take care of their parents in their old age.

with a great army. 20. The gun went off as he was going to take it. 6. My friends are accustomed to drink water in the morning. 7. He

EXERCISE 125 (Vol. II., page 315). takes rest morning and evening. 8. We are accustomed to drink coffee instead of tea. 9. To take care of his health is his greatest con 1. Der Arzt rieth meiner Schwester, so viel als möglich zu Hause zu bleicern. 10. He is accustomed to work in the morning, and read in the ben. 2. Ein Lehrer follte seine Schüler so wenig als möglich unbeschäftigt afternoon. 11. He who fosters idleness, fosters sin also. 12. Cherish lassen. 3. Der Redner sprach mit großer Begeisterung, um die Aufmerksamvirtue and not wickedness. 13. He is not accustomed to rise before feit seiner Zuhörer zu steigern. 4. Die meisten Reisenden nehmen so wenig eight o'clock. 14. It is not the custom to say in America as in Ger. Gepäc als möglich mit sich. 5. Wollen Sie Aepfel haben? 6. Ich danke many. “I wish you a good appetite." 15. Man often troubles himself Ihnen, mein Herr, ich habe ganz genug. 7. Auguft ist ießt sehr viel zu about his subsistence more than is necessary.

8. Es bleibt ihm nichts übrig, als care of its food in the summer against the winter. 17. The German Hause

, dabei können wir zu ihm gehen. emperor, Maximilian I., took care to restore the internal tranquillity sich seinem Schicfale zu unterwerfen. 9. Es blieb mir nichts Anderes übrig, d' Germany directly on his accession to the government.

als vor dem Feinde zu flieben. 10. Von au seiner Habe blieb nichts übrig,

als ein Garten. 11. Ich kann meinen Schnupfen nicht los werden. 12. EXERCISE 121 (Vol. II., page 283).

Gewähre die Bitte dieses falschen Freundes, dann wirst du ihn log werden. 1. Nehmt Gud vor denen in Act, welche glatte Worte, böse Gebanken 13. Wer hat den Fuß dieses Tisches abgebrochen? 14. Die Magd brach and ein falsches Herz haben. 2. Er forgt mehr für seinen Geist als für ihn ab, als sie das Zimmer reinigte. 15. Friedrich der Große 30g an der feizen Körper. 3. Wir pflegen, anstatt des Kaffees, Thee zu trinken. 4. Spiße seiner Armee in den Krieg. 16. Das gewehr ging los, sonst würde Die Griechen pflegten schon lange vor Christi Geburt der Kunst und Wissen er den Hafen geschossen haben. fcbaft. 5. Gr pflegt um sechs Uht aufzustehen. 6. Ich werde dieses Buch

EXERCISE 126 (Vol. II., page 340). in fldt nehmen, bis Sie wiederkommen. 7. Er pflegt seiner Gesundheit. 8. Habe acht auf dich, nicht nur Gesellschaft, sondern auch wenn du

1. The French conquered Spain by force of arms. 2. The avalanches allein bist. 9. Gute Kinder geben Acht auf das, was ihre Gitern ihnen in Switzerland often fall into the valleys with tremendous force. 3. jegen. 10. Wir müssen uns vor unsern Feinden in Acht nehmen. 11. They forcibly drag away the inhabitants of this country. 4. He could do

nothing with all his power, 5. The Greeks defended themselves against Der Hamster Forgt im Sommer für seine Nahrung auf den Winter.

the Persians with all their might. 6. The weaker man must necessaEXERCISE 122 (Vol. II., page 315).

rily obey the stronger. 7. Almost all Asia obeyed the will of the

Romans. 8. In order to proloog his life, he was necessarily obliged to 1. Those who go walking too often, at last accustom themselves to work, 9. Themistocles was forced to seek an asylum at the Persian idleness. 2. To take a walk half an hour after dinner is very condu- court. 10. My friend confidentially entrusted me with an important cive to health. 3. In Italy many drive out with mules. 4. One gene- secret yesterday evening. 11. After school was over, the children rally nees more gentlemen walking, than riding on horseback. 5. The played under the trees of the garden. 12. All present dressed accord. Taitors (literally, guests under cure) at Wiesbaden often ride on mules ing to the fashion of 1789. 13. On account of his official duties, he had upon the top of the Taunus mountains. 6. Journeys on foot are often little leisure left for pleasure. 14. Schiller could now devote himself store agreeable than in a coach or on horseback. 7. The Laplanders at his leisure to literary pursuits at Mannheim. 15. I have inadvernode in sledges, and make use of reindeer instead of horses. 8. He tently taken another umbrella. 16. Errors arise through misunderfeursely took his eyes off his relations, whom he had not seen for so standings and oversights. 17. Fortunately he could prove himself lozz a time, and rejoiced at their communications. 9. Most of the right by means of his passport. 18. Fortunately I had discovered the eficers have interceded with the general for this young soldier. 10. I danger, yet at the right time. 19. Fortunately I met him in the applied to my friends in my troubles; but wherever I turned, I saw street. 20. Fortunately no human life has been lost at this great cononly indifferent looks. 11. He stole my watch and some other articles flagration. 21. In jest, a person may take many liberties. 22, He without my observing it. 12. He who prides himself on his know alluded to this scene in a jocular way. 23. I am particularly fond of Hedge, thereby proves that he knows less than he boasts and wishes to the French language. 21. He was allowed to enter the prince's room make others believe.

13. I hope you will not suppose I offended you without special permission, purposely? 14. God forbid! I never did or would believe anything so tud of you. 15. I hope you will not remain at home during this beau

EXERCISE 127 (Vol. II., page 340). tiful weather. 16. Oh, no! I have no inclination to spend such a beau 1. Die Einwohner Holstein't vettheitigten sich mit all ihrer Macht gegen tiful day within the four walls of my room. 17. There are several die Dänen. 2. Wilhelm der Groberer unterjochte England mit Geivalt der who have applied for this office, viz.,

the following. 18. I cannot help Waffen. 3. Diese tapfern Soldaten bahnten sich ihren Weg mit furchtthanking you very heartily. 20. When I wished to shoot at the wore barer Gewalt durch die Reihen der Feinde. 4. Man hinderte ihn gewaltsam my gun nigsed fire.

an der Flucht. 5. lieben Sie die deutsche Sprache ? 6. Ja, ich liebe sie, EXERCISE 123 (Vol. II., page 315).

aber vorzugsweise liebe ich die italienische Sprache. 7. Jeft ist er besonders

mit der deutschen und spanischen Sprache beschäftigt. 8. Glüdlicher Weise 1. Er konnte nicht umhin, seinen Tabel auszusprechen. 2. Bewahre fand ich meinen Freund zu Hause. 9. Er ist genöthigt, den Befehlen feiner tafe Betr, vør Sünde. 3. 3d fonnte nicht umhin, das Unrecht, welches Borgelegten zu gehorchen. 10. Die meisten Leute Fleiden sich nach der franzo ich erlitten hatte

, zu vergeben. 4. Indem er dieses fagte. sant er ohnmächtig fischen Mode. 11. 3d nahm unwiffentlich den Hut eines Antern. 12. ziever. 5. Die werden langsam nach dem Parte reiten. 6. Die Königin Blüdlicher Weise enttedte mein Freund die Gefahr, welche

ihm brohte

. 13. Eet gestern fpazieten. 7. Dieser Kaufmann thut groß mit seinen Meich. Scherzweise sagte er mir manche Wahrheit. 14. lInter vier Augen fönnen trimern. 8. Der Araber reitet mit unglaublicher Schnelle. 9. Wenn die Sie manche Beleidigun en sagen. 15. Die Fürsten Deutschlands verfahren alten Mitter in den Krieg ritten, so waren ihre Pferde gepanzert. 10. eigenmächtig im Regieren ihrer Länder.

LESSONS IN BOTANY.-XXXII. (Althæa cannabina), a native of various parts of Central Europe,

which has purple flowers, and the stem of which yields a good SECTION LXXXV.-MALVACEÆ, OR MALLOW-WORTS.

substitute for hemp. Such are a few of the species of this Characteristics : Calyx free; valvate in æstivation ; petals natural order now familiar in gardens.' hypogynous, ordinarily joined together into a staminiferous

SECTION LXXXVI.-GERANIACEÆ, OR CRANESBILLS. tube ; contorted in æstivation ; stamens indefinite, monadelphous, with uni-locular anthers; seed dicotyledonous ; embryo curved ; Characteristics : Calyx free; petals hypogynous or imper. leaves alternate, stipulate.

fectly perigynous, in number equal to the sepals or fewer ; Stem herbaceous or ligneous, usually supplied with radiating equal in the Geranium, reduced to four or two in the Pelar. hairs ; flowers complete, regular, axillary, solitary, or fasciculate, gonium ; contorted in æstivation, caduceous ; stamena ordinarily or in a cyme; pollen in large grains, globular, hispid; carpels double in number to the petals; bi-serial ; all fertile (Geranium) ordinarily numerous, some

or partly sterile (Erodium, times five; three or four ova

Fig. 243; Pelargonium, Fig. ries verticillate around a pro

244), filaments partially monalongation of the floral axis,

delphous; carpels five, applied sometimes agglomerated into a

to the prolongation of the capitulum, either free or par

axis, and constituting a fivetially coherent. Ovules in.

celled bi-ovulate ovary; seed serted into the central angle

dicotyledonous, exalbuminous, of the cells, ascendant or

curved ; cotyledons bent or horizontal, curved. The styles

contorted; stem herbaceous are free above. Fruit some

or ligneous; leaves stipulate, times formed of many shells

opposite; the upper ones somocoherent by their margins to

times alternate; flowers coma variable extent; sometimes

plete, regular, or irregular a loculicidal capsule with sep

(Pelargonium), occasionally tiferous valves, sometimes in.

solitary, arranged sometimes dehiscent, dry, or fleshy. The

in a bi-floral cyme; styles cotyledons are bent or mutu

joined into a column, which is ally embedded. Albumen albu

larger than the floral axis ; minous, not very abundant.

ovules ascendant, at first The Malvacece abound in the

curved, then demi-reflexed. tropics, their number dimi.

Species of this natural order nishing towards either pole;

are chiefly found in the extratheir chief property depends

tropical regions, more espeon a mucilage which abounds

cially at the Cape of Good in the greater number, whence

Hope; they contain tannic the Malvaceæ are celebrated

and gallic acids, on which sefor their emollient properties.

count they were formerly emIn certain species there exists,

ployed as astringents in medical in addition to the mucilage, a

practice. The Pelargoniuns free acid, generally the oxalic,

contain & volatile oil, which the presence of which causes

imparts to them a very powerthem to be refrigerant, antibi.

ful but at the same time agreelious, and antiscorbutic. The

able odour. The Pelargonium. seeds contain a fixed oil. Some

roseum and Pelargonium capispecies possess tenacious fibres,

tatum yield an essence possess. others seeds which are covered

ing the odour of roses, which is with a substance resembling

sometimes employed as & mawool.

terial wherewith otto of roses Among the indigenous spe

is adulterated. cies of this tribe the marsh

SECT. LXXXVII.-BALSAMI. mallow (Althea officinalis, Fig.

NACEÆ, OR BALSAMS. 240) is most common.

Characteristics : Sepals free, The plants of the Cotton

unequal, petaloid ; petals five sub-family (Gossypium, Fig.

hypogynous, unequal; stamena 241), which belongs to this

five; carpels five, united to a natural order, are indigenous

five-celled ovary ; ovules supeto Asia and America. Many 239. THE INDIAN CRESS (TROPÆGLUM).

rior, pendent, reflexed; capsule species are now cultivated on Section of flower of the tropwolum ; 2, stamen and anther ; 3, lower five-celled, five-valved, dehisa large scale in every part of petal, with a hair-like fringe at base; 4, upper petal ; 5, fruit; 6, cent; seed dicotyledonons, exthe intertropical zone. The fruit, with one of the lobes taken away, and another bisected to albuminous; embryo, straight; laniferous material which enshow seed.

stem herbaceous, succulent; velopes the seeds is the sub

flowers axillary. stance cotton. It has been known and used in Egypt from The Balsaminacec are for the most part natives of temperate times of great antiquity, and is now distributed over the whole and tropical Asia. The genus Impatiens, so called on account world. Several remains of Greek literature have been handed of the elasticity of its seed-capsules, which, on being touched, down to us written on cotton. Cotton seeds yield on expression dart out the seeds to a considerable distance, has furnished a fixed oil useful for a variety of purposes.

numerous varieties to horticulture. The common balsam plant, Numerous foreign Malvacece are now cultivated in Europe ; Impatiens balsamina, is an annual, a native of India, now for example, the Malope trifida, an annual of Northern Africa, rendered double by culture, and furnishing innumerable varieties. the stem of which rises to the height of about two feet, and The Impatiens repens is a Cingalese species, the representation which bears flowers of a deep-rose colour ; "the Kitaibelia, a of which is subjoined (Fig. 245). It has only been recently inbiennial Hungarian plant, having lobed leaves and white troduced into European culture. flowers; the hollyhock, or Althea rosea, a Chinese plant, the varieties of which are extremely numerous ; the tree mallow, or SECTION LXXXVIII.-TROPÆOLACEÆ, OR INDIAN CRESSES. Lavatera arborea, a native of Central France, bearing large Characteristics : Calyx five-partite, bi-labiate, petaloid; petals leaves and violet-coloured flowers; and the hemp-leaved althæa five, unequal, inserted at the base of the calyx ; stamens eight,

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