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hypogynous; ovary three-celled, uni-ovulate ; ovules pendent, yellow flowers of no great, beauty, and belong to an entirely reflexed; fruit succulent or dry, composed of three shells or different order, namely, that of the Brassicacer, or Crucifers. samaroidal; seed dicotyledonous ; embryo exalbuminous,

SECTION LXXXIX.-LIMNANTHACEÆ. straight; stem herbaceous, succulent, diffused or voluble; leaves peltate, the inferior leaves opposite and stipulated, Characteristics : Calyx free ; petals inserted upon

an

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240, MARSH MALLOW (ALTHÆA OFFICINALIS). 241. COTTON PLANT (GOSSYPIUM). 242. SECTION OF FLOWER OF COTTON PLANT. 243. HERON'S BILL (ERODIUM). 244. STORX'S BILL (PELARGONIUM). 245. CREEPING BALSAM (IMPATIENS REPENS). 246. PINK LIMNANTHES (BIMNANTHES ROSEA).

the superior leaves alternate and without stipules; flowers almost perigynous disc, three or five; æstivation convolute; axillary.

stamens six or ten; carpels three or five, coherent, uniThe Tropæolaceæ inhabit the entire of Central America. The ovulate ; ovules erect, reflexed; fruit composed of two or genus Tropæolum (Fig. 239) is cultivated in Europe. The three achænia; seed dicotyledonous, exalbuminoas; embryo Tropæolum speciosum, a native of Patagonia, bears a handsome straight. scarlet flower. The Indian cress, with its broad, buckler-like The members of this natural order are indigenous to North leaves and flowers of all shades, from the faintest primrose to a America, generally annuals, growing in marshy places; their rich crimson brown, is often erroneously called nasturtium. leaves soft and glistening, alternate, their flowers regular. Tho The nasturtiums, however, are hardy aquatic plants, bearing Limnanthes rosea (Fig. 246) is a native of California. This

new

or
oss

eass

an egg

parri

small natural order is placed by Lindley with the Tropæolaceæ, Non

not

non

nonentity, nonage. with which it agrees in many particulars. It differs from it, Norma

a rulo

norm enormous, normal. however, in having regular flowers, perigynous stamens, and Novus

nov

novice, innovate, erect ovules.

Nox (noctis) night

nox, noct equinox, nocturnal. Nubo

I marry nub connubial

Nuptus married nupt nuptials.
LESSONS IN ENGLISH.-XXXIII. Nudus

naked nud nudity, denude.
LATIN STEMS (continued).

Nuge

trifles nug nugatory.

Numerus a number numer numeration, innumerable. Ir words degenerate, they also improve. As a nation refines, Nuncio I tell nunci, nounc annunciation, renounce. its thoughts refine. What, therefore, was originally material Nutrio I nourish nutri nutriment, nutritious. becomes intellectual. 2 The intellectual, too, may pass into the Octo

eight

oct

octagon, octave. moral, and the moral may be elevated into the spiritual. Our Oculus an eye ocul oculist, ocular,

Oleo

I smell ol most purely spiritual terms were all physical in their origin.

olfactory, redolent. What a wide difference there is between birth and the new birth; Onus (oněris) a burden

Omnis

all

omni omnipresent, omnibus. oner

onerous, exonerate. between generation and regeneration. Spirit in its original Latin

Opto

I wish

opt adopt, option, is merely breath or breathing. Heaven, the state of spiritual Opus (opěris) work

oper

operose, operation. blessedness, if viewed derivatively, is merely the heaved-up Orbis

a circle orbi orbicular, orbit. place, as hell is the covered place; hellyer is still used in some Orno

I deck

orn

ornament, ador. parts of England for a coverer--that is, a tiler or slater, a Oro

I beg

ora

oration, orator. house-coverer. And what is virtue? Originally, but the quality Os (oris)

the mouth

oral, adoration, orifice. of vir---that is, a man! And what was that quality ? Valour;

Os (ossis)
a bone

ossify, osseous. he was emphatically the man who was most brave.

Otium

oti

otiose, negotiate, Ovum

ou Happy, too, is a word which has undergone a favourable

oval, oviform.

Pactus transformation. You see its primitive meaning in happen and Pando

having agreed pact compact, pact, paction.

I spread pand, pans expand, expanse. mishap. Hap, originally, was applied to a good or a bad event, Pausus (passus) spread pass compass, to pass. signifying occurrence merely. But in this world of goodness, Par

equal

par parity, imparity, the general tenor of events is such as to promote men's good; Pareo I appear

par

apparent. hence to receive its haps is to be happy, and to be exceptional Pareo

I bring forth par parent, viviparous. in regard to its haps is to be unhappy :

Vivus (vivi) alive

vivi vivify, vivid.

Paro “Such happes which happen in such hapless warres,

I prepare

par, pair reparation, repair. Pastus fed

past repast, pasty.
Make me to tearm them broyles and beastly larros.”

Gascoigne.
Pater

a father

pater, patri paternal, patrimony.

parricide. There are words represented as of recent origin which may Patior I suffer

pati

patient, impatient. claim some age. The word Rationalist owes not its birth to Passus suffered pass passive, passion. the influence of recent German philosophy, but was used under Pauci fero

pauci paucity. the Commonwealth to designate a sect then new which idolised Pax (pacis) реаса

paci pacify, pacific. Pecco

I sin

ресс reason. Nor is the term Christology of German origin, but

impeccable, peccadillo,

Pectus seems to have been invented by Dr. Thomas Jackson in the

the breast pector (pectoris)

expectorate. seventeenth century. The verb to progress is often disallowed

Peculium as an Americanism, but it is found in Shakespeare :

private

pecul property

peculation. "Let me wipe off this honourable dew

Pecunia money

pecun

pecuniary. That silverly doth progress on thy cheeks."

Pello

I drive pel expel, impel. "King John," Act. v. Sc. 2.

Pulsus

driven puls repulsion, expulsion. Pendo

I hang, weigh pond depend; pendulum, stipend.
LATIN STEMS.

Pensus
hung

pensive, compensate. Latin Words. Meanings. Stems, English Words.

Pene

almost
pen

peninsula. Mel (mellis) honey meli mellifluous.

Peto

I seek, aim at pet centripetal, competition. Melior

better

melior meliorate, amelioration. Centrum a centre centr central, centrifugal, Memor mindful memorable, memorial.

Pictus

painted pict depict, picture. Mens(mentis) the intellect ment mental, dementate.

Piscis

a fish pisc piscatory. Mergo

I plunge

merg
immerge, emerge.

Placidus pleasing placid placid, placidly.
Mersus
plunged
immersion, emersion.

Placo

I appease plac placable, implacable. Metior I measure met mete, moter, meteyard.

The word nonentity recalls the days of the schoolmen, or Mensus

measured mensu commensurate, mensuration. monkish philosophers of the Middle Ages, who subtilly, proMille

a thousand mill millennium, millenary. Miror I gaze, wonder mir mirror, admire.

foundly, and perseveringly speculated on metaphysical topics, Miser wretched miser miserable, a miser.

striving to invest the dogmas of the Church with a philo* Mitis

mild
miti mitigate.

sophical dress and certitude. Entity or being, and nonentity or Mitto I send

remit, commit, permit. no-being, were among the counters with which they played their Missus

miss

missionary, missive. clever intellectual game; which, like most other games, secured Modus mod mode, modify.

little else than amusement. Mola

a millstone mol emolument, molar. Moles

"Fortune is no real entity, nor physical essence, but a mere relative mol demolish, a mole. Molestus troublesome

signification."--Bentley.
molest molestation.
Mollis

soft
molli mollify, emollient.

“With real munition he did fortify
Moneo
I warn
admonish.

His heart."-Daniel, Monitas warned monit monitor.

“They must have the assistance of some able military man, and Mors (mortis) death morti, mort mortify, immortal. Mos (moris),

convenient arms and ammunition for their defence."-Bacon.
a manner mor moral, moralist.
Multus

many
multi multiform, multitude.

The word adoration, etymologically considered, signifies a Munitus fortified munit munition, ammunition. kissing of the mouth to a visible object of worship-in token Munus(muněris) a gift

remunerate.

of reverence and as expressive of worship. Murus

a wall
mur immure, mural.

The term peculation means the making of that your own
Muto
I change mut mutable, commute.

which is not your own. Peculation, as derived from peculium, Natus

born

nat
native, natal.

private property, wears a socialist aspect, and seems to say, " la Navis a ship

naval, navigate. Ago I drive

propriété c'est le vol :” that is, “private property is plunder,"

agile, agitate. Necto

I tie, bind

noct
connect, disconnect.

a truly monstrous and anti-social doctrine.
Nexus
a bond
annex, connexion.

“A real circular motion is always accompanied with a centrifugal Nego I deny negative, negation.

force, arising from the tendency which a body always has to proceed Nihil nothing nihil annihilate, nihility.

in a right line." -Moclaurin, "Account of Newton's Philosophical DisNomen(nominis) a name nomin nominal, denominate. coveries."

pens

memor

mer's

sent
a measure

a mass

mon

munor

nar ag

neg

{

popul

I carry

prob

LATIN STEMS.

of the deponent while we say he deposes, not depones; though of Latin Words. Meanings. Stens.

English Words. old depones was used in England :the common

"And further Sprot deponeth," etc.--"State Trials." Plebs

} pies

plebeian. people

The retina, or eye-net, the immediate seat or rather instruPlenus plen plenitude, replonish.

ment of vision, is the net-like expansion of the optic nerve, on Pleo

I fill
ply, plot supply, complete, expletive.

which objects are drawn, and from which they are made visible Plico

I fold

plic complicated. Ploro I wait plor deplore, implore.

by the mind. Plumbum lead plumb, plum plumber, plummet.

Reticulated denotes that which is made like net-work. Hence
Pono
I place

pon
depone, exponent.

the meaning of reticule or little bag made of net-work, some time Positus placed

pos, posit
impose, position.

since much in use among ladies. Populus the people

popular.

To ruminate is to pass and repass the food through the rumen Porto port portable, export.

or gullet in order to its repeated chewing. Hence the phrase to Poto I drink pot potion, potable.

chew the cud. Metaphorically, to ruminate is to muse, to reflect Prada plunder preda predatory, depredation.

calmly :Pravus wicked prav depravity.

As when a traveller, a long day past, Precor I pray

prec

deprecate, imprecate. Prehendo I take hold of. prehend

* In painful search of what he cannot find, apprehend

At night's approach, content with the next cot, Prehensus takon

prehens apprehension. Pretium

There ruminates awhile his labour lost." a price preci appreciate. Probo I prove prob probable, probation.

In prose we say to ruminate on, that is, to meditate upon :Probas good probity.

“He practises a slow meditation, and ruminates on the subject."Padens

} modest (pudentis) prudent impudent,

Watts, “On the Mind."

Bankrupt, a term of French extraction, properly denotes a Puer a boy

puer puerile. Pugna a fight pugnacious, impugn.

trader or money-dealer whose bank or bench is broken, the last pugn I prune, put)

condition of commercial destitution : Puto in order, put amputate, reputation, dis.

“A bankrupt is defined a trader who secretes himself, or does cortain think pute.

other acts tending to defraud his creditors." --Blackstone.
Putris
rotten

putr
putrefaction, putrid.

The terms rustic and rural differ in their application, the first Quæro I seek, ask quir, quer query, inquire.

being said of persons, the second of things. Rustics are often Quæsitus asked quisit, question, inquest,

insensible to the loveliness of rural scenes. quest inquisition, requisition. Quassus shaken agitated cuss discuss, percussion.

COMPOSITION, Quatuor four

quat, quadr quaternion, quadrangle. Angulus

Form into a sentence each of these with their proper preposia corner angl, angul angle, angular. Queror I complain quer querulous.

tions Quinque five quinqu quinquennial.

Words,

F. R.
Radix (radicis) a root

radic
radical, eradicate.
Confide in,

fido, I trust. Ramus a branch ram

ramification.
Conform to,

forma, form.
Rasus
scraped t'as (ras) erase (razor).

Congenial with,

genus, kind. Ratio (rationis) reason rat

rational, rate.
Congratulate on,

gratulor, I congratulate. Rectus straight recti rectilineal, rectify.

Connect with,

necto, I bind. Linea a line line linear, lineament.

Conscious of,

scio, I lenow.
Rego
I rule

reg
regal, rogalate.
Consecrate to,

sacer, sacred..
Rectus
ruled

rect
roctor, director.
Consent to,

sentio, I feel, think.
a net
roti reticulate, retina.

Consign to,

signum, a sign,
Rideo
I laugh

rid
deride, ridicule.

Consist of, in, with,
Bisus

sto, I stand.
laughed at
risible, derisive.

Consistent with,
Rigo
I water rig
irrigate.

Consult, and consult with, consul, a counsellor.
Rodo
I gnano rod
corrode, erode.
Contend with, against,

tendo, I stretch
Rosus
gnared
corrosion, erosion.
Contiguous to,

tango, I touch. Rota a wheel rota rotation, rotary. Contrast with,

Rete

[ocr errors]

traho, I draw. Rumen(ruminis) the gullet rumin ruminate.

Contrary to,

contra, opposite. Ruptus broken rupt bankrupt, eruption.

Conversant in, with, about, versor, I am engaged in. Ros (ruris) the country rus, rur rustic, rural.

Convert to, into,

verto, I turn. Sacer (sacri) sacred sacri, sacer sacrifice, sacerdotal.

Convict of, Sal (salis)

vinco, I overcome.
salt

sali
saline.

Convince of,
I lear sali salient.

Copy from, after

copie, a transcript. Saltus leapt sault, sult assault, insult.

Correspond to, with,

respondeo, I answer. Salvus safe salu salvation, salvage.

Covenant with, for,

venio, I come. Sanctus holy sanct sanctify, sanctuary.

Care of,

cura, care. enough satis, sati satisfy, satiate.

To consist of, to consist in, and to consist with, have each a Satur full satur saturate.

different meaning. To consist of has reference to the materials Scando I climb scond ascend, descend.

of which an object is made up; to consist in has reference to Scindo I cleave scind rescind.

the substance or essence of a thought; to consist with has I lonow sci

science, prescience. Scribo I write

reference to the character or dignity of an agent or actor. It scrib

scribe, inscribe. Scriptus written script scripture, postscript.

consists with the character of a wise man to expound doctrines Scrator { I search dili-}

in which the welfare of his fellow-men consists : that exposition scrut scrutiny, inscrutable.

he makes by words which consist of sounds, or by books which Scurra a scoffer scurrility.

consist of letters. The wealth of a nation consists not so much Sectos cut

sect
dissect, sectarian.

in the number as the heart, the intelligence, and the sinews of Sedeo I sit

sed, sid
sedentary, preside.

its inhabitants.
seated

session. Semen (seminis) seed

semin disseminate, seminary.
half
semi sømicircle, semivowel.

LESSONS IN CHEMISTRY.-XXIII. Expletives are words not needed for the sense, bat used merely CHROMIUM-URANIUM-ARSENIC-ANTIMONY, to fill up and round off the sentence. Of course expletives are to be avoided :

CHROMIUM.

SYMBOL, Cr--COMBINING WEIGHT, 52-5.
“While expletives their feeble aid do join,
And ten low words oft creep in one dull line."— Pope.

THE chief ore of this metal is chrome iron-stone, whose compo

sition (FeO,Cr,0,) is similar to that of magnetic iron ore, but The term depone, in law phraseology, is used by the Scotch where the sesquioxide of iron is replaced by the correspondwhere we ase depose. The distinction

is arbitrary, for we speak | ing oxide of chromium. The metal may be reduced by carbon

Salio

Satis

Scio

8Curr

Sessus

sess

Semi

at a high heat, or by sodium from its chloride. It proves to be

ARBENIC. most difficult of fusion, even more so than platinum. When

SYMBOL, As -- COMBINING WEIGHT, 75. obtained by the latter process, it appears in crystals of the Arsenic is considered a non-metallic element by certain French first system. It is only of value on account of the colour of its chemists, on account of its striking analogy to phosphorus and oxides and salts, which are used as pigments.

nitrogen; but seeing that it conducts electricity readily, and The oxides of chromium are four :--Chromous oxide (Cro); possesses a metallic lustre, it is generally classed among the chromic oxide (Cr,0z); an intermediate oxida, which may be metals. Probably its true place is between the classes, being considered as a compound of the Cro,Cr,Oz; and the only acid the “transition” element. Like phosphorus, its vapour offers oxide, chromic acid (Cro,).

an exception to the role. Its density, instead of being repreChromous Oxide is only obtainable as a hydrate. When sented by its combining number, is just double, or 150. This caustic potash is added to a solution of chromous chloride, it may be expressed by saying, that the volume occupied by an falls as a brown powder,

atom of arsenic in its gaseous condition is just one-half that of Chromic Oxide is a sesquioxide (Cr,Os). When ammonia is the other elements. The reason of this has not yet been disadded to a solation of chromic chloride, this oxide falls as a covered. The metal occasionally is found native, but generally hydrate. When heated to render it anhydrous, it becomes a as an alloy with iron, cobalt, nickel, etc. "Realgar" is the snlgreen powder, which is used as a paint. Chromic oxide forms phide, and “orpiment” the tersulphide, both of which are rare two sets of salts-one green, which is amorphous; the other minerals. The metal is chiefly obtained from mispickel, an violet, which crystallises. The emerald owes its colour to the arsenical sulphide of iron. The fumes from the furnace are presence of this oxide.

conducted into chambers where arsenious acid (As, O2) is conChromic Acid (CrO2) may be obtained in many ways-one is densed. When heated with charcoal, this oxide is reduced, and by mixing four measures of the solution of potassium bichro- the metal which vaporises is got by condensation.

It has 2 mate with five of sulphuric acid. As the mixture cools, the brilliant steel-like lustre, and is very brittle. It refuses to melt, oxide separates out into crimson needles. It exhibits an acid but readily volatilises, the vapours condensing on the first cold reaction, forming with bases chromates, which are yellow or red surface into rhombohedra of the metal. The vapour of arsenic salts. Neutral chromates are yellow, as potassic chromate possesses a strong odour of garlic. When heated in air, the (K,0,Croz). Potassic bichromate (K,0,2Cr0g) is the salt metal burns with a blue flame into chiefly manufactured, and from which the various pigments are Arsenious Acid (As,0z).---This is the virulent poison" arsenic," derived. It exists in large red transparent four-sided tables. the white arsenic of the shops. It is obtained from the ore, es

"Chrome Yellow is lead chromate (PbO,CrO2), and is pro- already stated, as a crystalline white powder. When heated, it cured by precipitation from a dilute solution of lead acetate by fuses into a semi-transparent vitreous mass, which gradually a solution of potassic bichromate. When chromic acid is heated becomes opaque, like a piece of white porcelain. It is soluble with strong sulphuric acid, it gives off half its oxygen, thus in hot hydrochloric acid or hot ammonia, and these solutions, as 2Cro, + 3H,,80, = Cr,350, + 34,0 + 30.

they cool, deposit arsenic in transparent crystals. If the process “This mixture affords one of the most powerful means of oxi- be watched in a dark room, light is emitted as each crystal is dising carbon at comparatively low temperatures." (William- formed. Arsenious acid is soluble in alkaline solutions, soluble son.) The chromic sulphate formed in this reaction is the arsenites being formed. When to such a solution in potash compound which forms with potassium and ammonium sulphates copper sulphate is added, the much-used pigment " Scheele's a series of alums.

green” is precipitated. A peculiar dark strongly-fuming liquid is obtained when a

When silver nitrate is added to the solution of potassium mixture of a chromic salt, sodium chloride, and sulphuric acid arsenite, the yellow silver arsenite (3Ag, As03) falls. When a is heated. It comes off as a red vapour, and may be considered solution of arsenious acid is acidulated with hydrochlorio as chromic acid, where one atom of the oxygen has been replaced acid, and sulphuretted hydrogen passed through it, the yellow by its equivalent two atoms of chlorine. Hence its formula arsenious sulphide is precipitated. is Croci,, and its name chloro-chromic acid.

The best antidote for this violent poison is magnesia, which There are two known chlorides-chromous chloride (CrCl.), and forms with it an insoluble arsenite, and thus the poison passes chromic chloride (Cr,ci). The latter is obtained as violet- as a foreign substance through the body. Ferric oxide has the coloured scales, when a current of dry chlorine is passed over an

same effect. intimate mixture of chromic oxide and charcoal heated to red Arsenic Acid (A8,03) is obtained by oxidising arsenious acid ness. This variety is insoluble ; but it becomes green and loses by an excess of nitric acid, and evaporating to dryness in a its insolubility when a very small quantity of the chromous chlo- platinum vessel. It is more soluble than arsenious acid, but ride is added to it suspended in water, or the soluble chloride does not volatilise when heated, being decomposed into the is more readily obtained by boiling the solution of a chromate lower oxide and oxygen. This acid, in forming arsenates, bewith hydrochloric acid and alcohol.

haves as phosphoric acid, being tri-basic (H,A80.), and one or The chromous chloride is a white powder procured by heating two or all the atoms of the hydrogen may be replaced. Arsenic the chromic chloride in a current of hydrogen. The other salts may be readily distinguished from arsenious acid by the redof this metal do not present any great interest.

brown precipitate it affords with silver nitrate. Its poisonous Chromic oxide imparts to glass or a borax bead a good green properties are even more decided than those of arsenic. The colour. The salts of chromium give insoluble precipitates with sulphides of arsenic have been mentioned. Realgar is made lead and silver compounds, of a yellow colour. All the chro- artificially by heating together 198 parts of arsenious acid and mates, when treated with dilute sulphuric acid and a little 112 of sulphur. It is one of the ingredients in " white Indian alcohol or sugar (organic matter), become reduced to the green fire,” which is a mixture of seven parts of sulphur, two of oxide of chromium.

realgar, and twenty-four of saltpetre. Orpiment is the chief inURANIUM

gredient in King's yellow. There is a penta-sulphide also known. SYMBOL, U - COMBINING WEIGHT, 120.

Arsenic combines with chlorine, bromine, and sodium, forming The chief ore of this rare metal is pitch-blende. The metal is compounds of but little interest. of a whitish colour, and does not oxidise when exposed to the air ; The Tests for Arsenic.-If a slip of clean copper-foil be imbut if heated in air, it burns vividly. Two oxides are known, mersed in a solution of arsenious acid in hydrochloric acid, 2 and both are used in glass-staining.

grey film of metallic arsenic is deposited on the copper. · Uranous Oxide (UO), or the protoxide of this compound, ap Marsh's Test is :-Introduce the liquid suspected of containpears analogous to choomous oxide. When heated in a current ing the poison into a bottle in which hydrogen is being generated of hydrogen, it refuses to give up its oxygen. If this oxide be in the usual way. Set fire to the escaping gas, and if the flame heated to bright redness, and then suddenly cooled, the intense burn blue, arsenic is present. When a cold surface is depressed black is furnished with which porcelain is coloured and glass into the flame, a film of metallie arsenic is found upon it. stained black.

The gas which thus burns is Arseniuretted Hydrogen (As.), Uranic Oxide (0,02) is a yellow powder which is soluble in which corresponds to NH, and PHg. It is capable of condensamineral acids and ammonium carbonate. This peroxide imparts tion, and at --40° Cent. becomes a liqnid. The gas is absorbed to glass that peculiar yellow-greenish tint which characterises by copper sulphate, copper arsenide being precipitated. It is a uranium glass, which is also remarkable for its fluorescence. deadly poison. The inhaling of a bubble has been attended

with fatal results. The metallic ring of arsenic, most conclusive je pensais peut-être pouvoir vous être utile dans cette douof all tests, may be shown by using a tube of the shape of loureuse circonstance. Veuillez (1) je vous prie, me laisser faire ; 12 Fig. 52, which may be made out of an ordinary test-tube. Into j'ai l'espoir que nous saurons (1) bientôt ce qu'est devenu

votre enfant."

Auguste et Fanny étaient là; le marchand frappe dans ses Fig. 52.

mains, 13 et aussitôt on entendit l'aboiement' joyeux d'un beau

chien de Terre-Neuve qui bondit à ce signal. C'était Moustache, the bulb introduce the arsenic mixed with powdered charcoal qui s'en alla tout d'abord caressers les deux enfants qu'il reand a little sodium carbonate. Upon heating this, the metal connut (1), en tournant autour d'eux et ayant l'air de se rappeler will deposit itself on the cool part of the tube.

qu'il y en avait (m) un troisième. ANTIMONY.

“ Voilà qui va (n) bien,” dit le marchand; “Moustache reSYMBOL, Sb - COMBINING WEIGHT, 122 - SPECIFIC GRAVITY, 6:71.

connaît les enfants; à son air inquiet, je vois qu'il s'étonne de This metal is invariably procured from grey antimony ore, derniers vêtements que le petit Alfred a portés.”17

ne point voir celui qui est absent.16 Veuillez me donner les which is a native sulphide and tolerably abundant. To extract the metal, the ore is purified and reduced to coarse powder. It fit fairer ; puis, prenant la maison pour contre d'un rayon, il

Quand ces objets furent là, il les montra à son chien, 18 les lui is then raised to a dull red-heat on the hearth of a reverbe décrivit (6) autour d'elle un cercle d'un quart de mille," en ratory furnace, by which most of the sulphur is driven off, ordonnant à Moustache de quêter partout où il le menait. Le and a red mixture of tersulphide and antimonic oxide remains. cercle n'était pas entièrement parcouru lorsque le chien se mit (p) This is mixed with one-sixth of its weight of powdered charcoal, and made into a paste with a strong solution of sodium

à aboyer.20 carbonate. When submitted to heat in crucibles, the reduced mère, al qui étaient inconsolables. Le chien, en suivant le

Le son de sa voix rendit une lueur d'espérance au père et à la metal collects at the bottom. Its colour is bluish-white, and it émanations du corps de l'enfant, aboya de nouveau; chacun is very brittle. Like arsenic, if heated strongly, it takes fire s'empressa de le suivre, mais on le perdit bientôt dans les bois." in air, and readily ignites in chlorine. Hydrochloric acid has no Ce fut un moment de terrible anxiété, car pendant une demieffect on it; nitric acid converts it into a white insoluble oxide ; heure environ, l'on n'entendit plus rien. whilst strong sulphuric acid, with the aid of heat, makes it a sulphate, sulphurous acid coming off. Type metal is an alloy

COLLOQUIAL EXERCISE. formed of four parts of lead and one of antimony,

1. Ne faisait-il pas très-obscur? 12. Que demanda-t-il au père ? Antimonic Oxide (Sb,03) may be prepared in a hydrated state 2. Que firent-ils au point du jour? 13. Que fit ensuite le marchand ? by pouring a solution of the terchloride of antimony into one

3. Qu'entendirent-ils tout à coup? 14. Qu'entendit-on aussitôt? of sodium carbonate. Carbonio acid is given off, sodium chlo.

4. Que dit M. Dérambert ? 15. Où s'en alla d'abord le chien ? ride is formed, and antimonic oxide falls as a white powder.

5. Qu'entendit-on encore ! 16. Que dit le marchand de l'air

6. Qu'ajouta M. Dérambert? inquiet du chien ? When this oxide is dissolved in cream of tartar, and the solution

7. Que fit alors la troupe ? 17. Que demanda-t-il? concentrated, crystals of tartar emetic are procured.

8. Qu'aperçurent-ils en arrivant ? 18. Que fit-il de ces objets ? Antimonic Acid (Sb,0,) is the white powder formed by the 9. Que se passa-t-il alors dans le 19. Quelles préparations fit-il en. action of nitric acid on metallic antimony before alluded to. coeur du pauvre père ?

suite ? It combines with the alkalies, forming antimoniates. When 10. Que dit le père en reconnais- 20. Que fit alors le chien ? heated to redness, antimonic acid parts with some of its oxygen,

sant le marchand ?

21. Quel fut l'effet de la voix du and thus the only other oxide of antimony is produced, which 11. Quelle excuse offrit le mar chien ?

[bois ? may be considered as a compound of the other two (Sb,0,,Sb,0.).

chand ?

22. Put-on suivre le chien dans le Antimoniuretted Hydrogen (SbH,) is produced exactly as arseniuretted hydrogen, and burns with a blue flame into anti- (a) From devenir.

(i) From interrompre. monic oxide. If this gas be passed through a small glass tube (6) From contraindre.

(i) Veuillez, have the goodness to. heated to redness like arseniuretted hydrogen, it is decomposed,) From paraltre.

(k) From savoir. metallic antimony being deposited. This, however, can be dis" (a) Se fit entendre, was hoard. (1) Reconnut, saw, from reconnaître. tinguished from arsenic by heating it in the air ; and the oxide Dont, of whom.

(c) A peine, scarcely.

(m) Il y en avait, there was.

(n) From aller. thos formed will not dissolve in water as arsenious oxide will.

(9) Fit place, gave way.

(0) From décrire. Terchloride of Antimony (SbC13) may be obtained by the (n) From croire.

(P) Se mit, began. action of chlorine or an excess of the metal. Water decomposes it into hydrochloric acid and a basic chloride which was

SECTION V. known as the powder of algaroth.

Le front du marchand était soucieux ;' renfermé dans un Perchloride or Pentachloride (SbCl.) is produced by the action silence que personne ne songeait (a) à interrompre, il s'était of chlorine on the terchloride. It is a fuming liquid. There mis (6) le visage contre terre et recueillait (c) les moindres are also two sulphides, Sb,S, and Sb.$. The salts of antimony bruits que la brise apportait. Tout à coup on le vit(d) tressaillir. in acid solutions give a characteristic orange precipitate with “Le chien revient," s'écria-t-il ;3 " dans un instant il sera près golphuretted hydrogen.

de nous et nous saurons le résultat de sa course."

Quand le chien reparat, (e) sa contenance était visiblement READINGS IN FRENCH.–VIII.

changée,* un air de gaieté et de satisfaction semblait l'animer;

ses yeux brillaient, ses oreilles étaient droites ; il frémissait, tous UN BIENFAIT N'EST JAMAIS PERDU.

ses gestes indiquaient que ses recherchesn'avaient pas été SECTION IV.

infructueuses. La nuit était devenue (a) si épaisse, qu'ils furent contraints (6) “Je suis sûr qu'il a retrouvé l'enfant,"6 fit (f) son maître. de s'arrêter. Dès que le jour parut (c), ils renouvelèrent leurs “Mais vit-il (9) encore ?"; s'écria la mère. recherches, hélas ! avec aussi peu de succès que la veille, quand Le marchand remua la têtes et s'élança sur les traces de son tout à coup le son d'un cor se fit (d) entendre.3

chien, qui avait repris sa course à travers la forêt, en s'ar"D'où vient ce signal P s'écria aussitôt M. Dérambert en rêtant de temps à (h) autre pour donner à son maître le temps prêtant une oreille attentive.

de le rejoindre. Enfin l'animal s'arrêta au pied d'un gros Une seconde fois le son du cor retentit.5

arbre,to et poussa (i) un long aboiement. Le marchand redoubla "Ce bruit vient de l'habitation ; courons tous, mes amis."6 de vitesse, et bientôt il fut à côté de lui. Il aperçut (j) alors

À ces mots la troupe se dirige en toute båte vers la maison.: l'enfant couché sur un tas de feuillagell et ne donnant aucun À peine (@) y furent-ils arrivés, qu'ils aperçurent le marchand signe de vie. Il le prit (k) dans ses bras et reconnut (1) qu'il ambulant dont () il est parlé au commencement de cette his- n'était pas (m) mort, 2 mais seulement dans un état de faiblesse toire. À cette vue, l'espoir qui s'était élevé dans le cour du tel, que quelques instants plus tard, il aurait sans aucun doute pauvre père fit place () à un amer désappointement.

expiré. Le marchand le souleva avec précautions dans ses bras "Hélas !" lui dit-il

, "je croyais (h) que c'était mon petit et l'apporta à ses parents. Alfredo qui nous était rendu."

Ils étaient heureusement en quelque sorte préparés à cet "Pardonnez-moi, Monsieur, si j'ai interrompu (1) vos recher- événement, et s'étaient munis (n) de tout ce qui était nécesches,"" répondit le marchand; " mais si je l'ai fait, c'est que I saires pour le restaurer. Bientôt il ouvrit les yeurlä et tous les

NOTES.

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