« 前へ次へ »
England. Portland Lighthouse England. Porto-Vecchio
Hungary Quentin, St.
France Ramsey (I. of Man). England. Ratisbon
Italy R4 (I. de)
Prussia . Rennes
France Rhodes (I.)
Italy Rochefort-sur-Mer France Rochelle
France Rogen (I.)
Holland. Ripen, or Ribe Denmark Saintes.
Russia Sark (I.)
English Channel Schiedam
Germany Sebastien, St. . France Sotuval
Crimea Shagen (Cape).
England. Spartivento (Cape). Italy
Italy Spires, or Speyer Bavaria Spoleto.
Prussia Staples, or Fern Lt. England. Start Point
Germany Stromboli (I.).
Mediterranean Sea Stromness
54° 40' N. 19° 56' E. 49 45 13 23 E.
55 10 31 E. 43 43
23 E. 50 22 4 9W. 46 34 0 22 E.
53 13 52 E. 55 29 28 47 E. 50
59 W. 50 31 2 27 W. 41 35 9 15 E. 50
6W. 50 5
26 E. 48 8 17 10 E. 49 50 3 17 I. 48 0
4W. 54 19 4 23 W. 49 1 12 6 E.
25 12 12 E. 46 11 1 25 W. 54
18 9 40 E, 48 6
1 40 W. 59 27 24 49 E. 49 15
2 E. 36 10 28 OE. 56 57 24 3 E.
3 12 33 E. 45 56 0 57 W. 46 9
1 9W. 0 27 31 E. 41 54 12 29 E. 36 49 5 18 E. 51 55
29 E. 49 26
1 6 E. 54 30 13 30 E. 51 12
5 59 E. 55 19 8 46 E, 45
0 38 W, 51 4
1 48 W. 38 22 56 E. 47 48 13 3 E. 43 30
3 51 W. 51 31 46 0 E. 49 27 2 22 W. 51 54
24 E. 54 31
9 34 E. 50 43 10 28 L. 50 50 16 28 E. 53
38 11 25 E. 23
1 33 E. 38 32 8 55 E.
27 0 45 E. 52 43
41° 8' N. 1° 12' E. 51 2
8 7W. 47 23 40 17 L. 52
7 49 E. 51 41
42 W. 39
26 41 17 13 17 E 37 3 14 16 E. 67
22 19 E. 53 8 52 I. 40 50 0 30 E.
7 5 56 E.
36 1 27 E. 50 37
3 22 E 47 23 0 42 E. 36 11
6 38 3 12 32 E. 46 4 11 7 E. 49
6 38 E. 45 39 13 47 E. 37
22 22 E. 48 18 4 4 E, 48 31
3 I. 54 11
41 E. 51 12 0 17 E. 45 3
7 41 1. 56 50 35 59 E. 55
1 26 W. 46 4 13 13 E 48 24 9 59 I. 69
20 9 59 49 17 38 E. 51 16
51 28 E. 43 43 12 38 E. 48 28 5 3W. 52
5 5 7 E. 39 29 0 24 W. 35 54 14 31 E. 40 20 19 26 E. 47 41 2 45 W. 45 26 12 18 E. 51 22
6 10 2. 56 9 12 I. 49 10
5 22 E. 45 26 11 0 I. 48 47 2 7 D. 45 32 11 32 I. 48 13 16 22 E. 42 14 8 41 W. 46 37 13 50 E. 41 51
5 26 W.
9 OW. 29
4 41 E. 59 12 39 56 E. 46
33 28 E. 53 42 1 30 W. 51 12
9 4 E.
Name of Place.
2 46 W. 43 20 11 19 E. 56
5 E. 57 43 10 38 E.
54 9 47 E. 57 0
9 42 E. 50
54 1 23 W. 37 58 16 6 E.
6 9 48 E. 49 18
8 26 E. 42
12 44 E. 53 36 9 27 E. 55 38 1 37 W. 50 13 3 38 W. 59 0 5 39 E. 59 17 18 SE. 50 42 12 47 E. 54 49 7 27 W. 54 20 13 5 E. 48 36 7 42 E. 53 20 13 3 E. 38
15 13 E. 58 57 8 17 W. 48
10 E. 54 54 1 23 W. 51 37
3 57 W. 37 3 15 15 E. 47 13 38 56 E. 52 41 41 80 E. 36 1 5 87 W.
53 . 20 55 E. 8
33 E. 6 12 E. 19 12 E
give the perspective height of the pyramid. Complete the in.
clined edges as in Fig. 34. (Observe, we might have drawn ef PROBLEM XV. (Fig. 34).- A square pyramid 4 feet side and 6 not parallel to the side of the square; in that case we should feet high, one edge of the base at an angle of 60° with the pic- have been compelled to find another vanishing point; therefore ture plane, and the nearest angle 1 foot within the picture. The to save extra work we draw it parallel to the side of the square, base of the pyramid must be treated as the square in Problem so that we may make use of the VP of that side. Definition X., Fig. 25, Vol. II., page 361; after which draw the diagonals in 13, Vol. II., page 162.) the perspective projection, namely, ab and cd; their intersection PROBLEM XVI.-A cone 4 feet diameter and 6 feet high. This will determine the perspective of the centre e, from which erect al will be done from almost the same directions as the pyramid. Look perpendicular e f; this will
back to Problem XII., Fig. be the axis of the pyramid.
31, Vol. III., page 9, where we From DEdraw a line through
have the perspective of a circle. the centre of the base to the
Now the base of the cone, picture plane at g, from
being a circle, must be treated which draw the line of con
in the same way.
To draw tact, and upon it from g set
the elevation, draw a perpenoff the given height of the
dicular line, the line of conpyramid g h. Draw the re
tact from d or b (Fig. 31); tiring line from h to DE', and
mark off upon this line the at the point where this inter
given height, and from that sects the axis e f will be found
point draw a line to the rethe perspective height of the
spective vp; thus, if the line pyramid, namely, at i. Draw
of contact is from d, DER will lines from the angles a, b, c, d
be its VP; a perpendicular to i, to represent the inclined DE 1
line drawn from the centre of edges of the pyramid ; this
the circle to cut this vanishwill complete the problem.
ing line will be the axis, and If we place the ground plan
the point of intersection will beyond the picture plane (Fig.
mark the apex, from which 35) we must proceed as fol
draw lines to o and p for the lows: Place the plan with
sides of the cone.
SP the PP, as required by the question, and produce two of the PROBLEM XVII. (Fig. 36).- A cylinder 4 feet diameter and 8 parallel sides to the PP, to be continued
perpendicularly to the feet high stands on its end ; the eye is opposite half the height base of the picture, from which draw the retiring lines to the of the cylinder. In working this problem we prefer placing VP, Visual rays from each angle of the plan, cutting the retiring the plan beyond the PP, it being necessary to draw a circle for lines, will give the positions of the angles of the square. This cach end of the cylinder, therefore the same perpendicular lines method of using only one vp has been fully explained in Les- drawn from the plan will answer for both. It will be seen that son V.; we trust the pupil will make himself master of it, as when these perpendiculars have reached the base of the picture we shall have to employ it very frequently. For the elevation, cther lines are drawn from them to the Ps, and the circle is diagonals may be drawn and the subject completed as in drawn by hand as in Fig. 31, Vol. III., page 9. For the upper circle, Fig. 34; but we will show another way, and draw the diagonals a b is drawn horizontally across the perpendiculars according to in the ground plan which give the centre e. Draw ef parallel the height of the cylinder, and the same process with regard to to the side of the square, and the perpendicular line fg, the the circle is followed as in the one for the base ; lastly, lines line of contact. Upon f g mark the given height of the pyra- c, d, drawn tangential to the outer edges of the circles, will give mid g h, and from h draw a line to VP; a visual ray drawn from the
sides of the cylinder. the centre e of the plan, cutting the line from h to the VP, will PROBLEM XVIII. (Fig. 37).- To draw the perspective represent
tation of an incline. A rod 5 feet long is inclined to the hori- observe that as his knowledge and confidence increase he should, son 40°. The plan of the rod is 50° with the picture plane, when he repeats the problems, take other angles and other the nearest end 1 foot from it. In this case the vanishing scales of proportion. This kind of repetition will be of great point of the plan of the rod must be found, and
service to him.) We must first show the orthonot that of the rod itself. We intend in a future
graphic projection of the board (Fig. 38), 'and lesson to show how the vanishing point for an
then apply it to the perspective projection. When incline may be found without a plan, giving only
the board is horizontal, or laid upon the ground, the dimensions and positions, and the method of
the plan will be a square, a b cd; but if we raise asing it; but for the present turn back to Problem
the side a c, allowing the edge bd to remain upon IV., Fig. 14 (Vol. II., page 297), where the same sub
the ground, it would then be inclined to the horizon ject is shown in orthographic projection; the rod
as represented by the line or edge of the board., is there placed at a given angle with the ground,
e f; drop a perpendicular from f, then the ay, and perpendiculars are drawn from the ex
plan is projected by a b c d. Observe, if the tremities between
edge of the board which the line a b,
were still further elethe plan, is drawn.
vated, the plan would Now we must first
become narrower, project the rod orFig. 36.
that is, a' c would thographically in or
approach b d. When der to determine the
the board becomes plan preparatory to
perpendicular to the drawing it perspec
ground, then the plan tively. An indefinite
would be a line only line a b must be
(see the observations drawn at an angle of
made upon the circle, 500 with the picture
Figs.10 and11, Lesson plane; c is the point
III., Vol.II.,page297). where the rod touches
We will now proceed the ground, draw ce
with the perspective 5 feet long at an
projection of the angle of 40° with
board as given in the ab; draw e d per.
question; it is there pendicularly to a b;
stated that the edge cd will then be the
of the board is inplan of the rod; com
clined at 500 with plete the perspective
therefore representation of cd,
draw an indefinite which will be f g (see
line de at that angle, Fig. 7, Legson II.,
make d. 6 equal to the Vol. II., page 225).
length of a side, and This last observation 18
at a right angle with refers to the perspec
de; this is the edge tive only of the plan;
upon which it rests, we must now repre
and is horizontal; sent the rod in its
draw bh parallel to inclined position. As
de; draw bf at an one end of the rod is
angle of 48° with on the ground, and
bh, and make it the other above it,
equal to bd; froma our attention must be
s draw perpendicudirected to the ele
larly to bh the line vated end, because
fa' c', we shall then the lower end is al
have in the paralleloready found in g. It
gram a' cbd the must be evident, on
plan of the board turning once more to
at the given inclinaFig. 7, that the line
tion. The angle a f gis the perspective
of the board touches of the line d c; and VP
the picture plane, since the line dc is
therefore d is a point the plan of the given
of contact; also the line e c, therefore e
line b a' is produced must be perpendicu
to the picture plane larly over d. The
at m; d u and mo question now comes
are lines of contact to this : how far above d? We answer,
upon each of which the height of the inclilength of d e, which must be set off on the
nation of the board a'f is set off as o p and line of contact, namely, h i. From i draw a
up; from the points p, p draw lines to the vp. line to the VP, and the point m where the line
Visual rays cutting these lines will give the from i to vp cuts the visual ray from d will
upper angles of the board, q s; utsr will determine the position of the upper end of the
be the perspective view of the board. rod; join mg, which will be the perspective
After this, we recommend the pupil to apply representation of the rod.
s'p the same directions and angles of inclination PROBLEM XIX. (Fig. 39).- A square board
in representing an equilateral triangle, making is inclined to the horizon at an angle of 48°; one edge is hori- the edge equal to db at 40° with the PP ; bf, the inclination, will zontal, the plan of the inclined edge of the board is 500 with the be equal to a perpendicular from the centre of the base to the picture plane; length of side 6 feet. The scale may be either opposite angle, placed in the plan half way between d'a'. To find 4 feet ar 2 feet to the inch. We give the pupil the choice, and the perpendicular, the triangle must be separately constructed.
LESSONS IN LATIN.-XXVIII.
erant quum milites a duce e castris in aciem educti sunt. 10. Mette
bamus ne urbs ab hostibus obsidione cincta esset. 11. Deus pie REGULAR VERBS.- THE THIRD CONJUGATION. colitor. 12. Leges divinæ ne contemnuntor. 13. Sapientes semper PASSIVE VOICE.
ratione regi student. 14. Pueri probe excolendi sunt. 15. No vinciEXAMPLE.—Lěgor, 3, I am read.
tor cupiditatibus. 16. Non eris dives nisi divitiæ a to contempta
erunt. 17. Contemnens voluptates, diligèris. 18. Quoad literis honos Chief Parts : Légor, lectus sum, lègi. Characteristic letter, E short.
crit, Græci et Latini scriptores in scholis legentur,
EXERCISE 99.-ENGLISH-LATIN. Indicative, Subjunctive. Imperative. Infinitive. Participle.
1. My mind will be cultivated. 2. My brother's mind has been col. Sing. Légor. Legar. [légitor. Lògi.
tivated. 3. If thy mind is well cultivated, thou wilt be loved. Legëris. Legäris. Légère or
Riches are despised by the wise. 5. Riches will be despised by me. Legitur. Legatur. Legitor.
6. Riches will have been despised by my father. 7. Let riches be Plu. Legimur. Legamur. [légłměnor.
despised by thee, my son. 8. He strives (studet) to be governed by Legimini. Legamini. Legimini or
reason. 9. The boy must be well cultivated. 10. Let the boy be well Leguntur. Legantur. Leguntor.
cultivated. 11. I have taken care that pleasures should be despised IMPERFECT TENSE.
by my children. 12. The Latin writers are read in my school. 13. II Sing. Legibar. Legérer.
thou livest well, thou wilt be loved by good men. 14. I fear riches Legebāris (). Legerēris.
will (may) not be despised by thee. 15. Many wars have been carried Legebatur. Legeretur.
on by the English. 16. The city was burnt by the enemies. Plu. Legebamur. Legeremur. Legebamini. Legeremini.
THE FOURTH CONJUGATION.
EXAMPLE.—Aūdío, 4, I hear.
Chief Parts: Audio, audivi, audītum, audire. Characteristic letter, I long. isegēris (e). Lectum Logendus.
PRESENT TENSE. Legetur.
[iri. Plu. Legemur.
Indicative. Subjunctive. Imperative. Infinitive. Participle. Legemini.
Sing, Audio. Audiam. [audīto. Audire, Audiens. Legentur,
Audis. Audias. Audi
Audit. Audiat. Audito.
Plu, Audimus. Audiamus. [auditóte. Lectus es. Lectus sis.
Auditis. Audialis. Audito Lectus est. Lectus sit.
Audiunt. Audiant. Audiunto. Plu. Lecti sumus. Lecti simus.
IMPERFECT TENSE. Lecti estis. Lecti sitis.
Sing. Audišbam. Audirem. Lecti sunt. Lecti sint.
Plu. Audiebamus. Audirēmus.
FIRST FUTURE TENSE.
Audietis, Lectus eris.
Audient. Lectus erit.
PERFECT TENSE. Plu. Lecti erimus.
Sing. Audivi, Audi(v)ěrim.
Audi(v)isse. Lecti eritis.
Audi(u)isti. Audi(v)eris. Lecti erunt.
Audivit. Audi(v)erit. Instances.--- In this way conjugate in full, agor, agi, actum Plu. Audivimus. Audi(v)erimus, esse, I am driven ; regor, regi, rectum esse, 'I am ruled ; and
Audi(v)ērunt. Audi(v)erint. dividor, dividi, divisum esse, I am divided. By conjugating verbs in full after the models given in our lessons, the self-teacher
PLUPERFECT TENSE. will gain facility in recognising and determining the different Sing. Audi(v)ěram. Audi(v)īssem. tenses of the different moods of Latin verbs of the four con
Audi(v)erat. Audi(v)isset, jugations, both in the active and passive voice, at sight. The
Plu, Audi(v)erāmus. Audi(v)issēmus. vocabularies given in the different lessons will supply the student
Audi(v)eratis. Audi(v) issetis. with abundant examples for practice.
Audi(u) erant. Audi(v)issent.
SECOND FUTURE TENSE.
Audi(v)eris. conspexi, conspecrich man,
quoddam, certain. tum, 3, I behold.
Schola, -, f., a school.
Audi(v)eritis. nere,contempsi, con- Educo, 3, I lead out. Scriptor, oris, m, a temptum, 3, I de Honos, -oris,
writer (E. R. scripspise, contemn. honour. ture). GERUNDS.
SUPINES. Curæ mihi est, it is an Pie, piously, reli. Societas, -ātis, f., rola
1. Auditum. object of care to me, giously.
Dat. Audiendo. or I take pains that, Probe, honestly, excel. society).
2. Auditu. texi, detectum, 3, I Que, and; this comes Voluptas, -atis, f.,
Instances. According to the example, form finio, 4, I finish; uncover, detect, lay
after the word, as pleasure, delight. open. voluptasque.
haurio, hausi, haustum, haurire, 4, I draw up, I drink. EXERCISE 98.-LATIN-ENGLISH.
VOCABULARY. 1. Pater curat ut ego strenue excõlar. 2. Curo ut puer bene exco. Antequam, before that. Expedio, 4, with the Lenio, 4, I soften, soothe
. latur. 3. Pater curabat ut puer bene excoleretur. 4. Curæ mihi est Corona, -æ, f., a crown, reflective pronoun,' Membranum, -1., 1., a ut a te diligar. 5. Conjuratio Catilinæ a Cicerone detecta est. 6. chaplet. (guard. I prepare.
leaf, or covering. Tria bella atrocissima gesta sunt inter Romanos et Carthaginienses. Custodio, 4, I koep, Garrio, 4, I chatter. Munio, 4, I fortify. 7. Labor voluptasque naturali quadam societate inter se juncta sunt. Dormio, 4, I sleep. Lacedæmonii, -orum, Navigo, i, i sail (E. R. 8. Multæ urbes ab hostibus combustæ sunt. 9. Vix hostes conspecti | Esurio, 4, I am hungry. m., the Spartans. 1
Obedio, 4, I obey, go- Prodest, he benefits. Specto, 1, I regard (id
EXERCISE 102.-LATIN-ENGLISH. verns the dative(obe- Punio, 4, I punish. spectant, have this
1. Pater curat ut filius bene erudiatur. 2. Pater curabat ut filius diemtis, syncopated Simulac, as soon as. object).
bene erudiretur. 3. Cives metuant ne castra ab hostibus ante urbem for obedireratis). Sitio, 4, I thirst (sitie- Tenuis, -e, thin.
muniantur. 4. Oculi tenuissimis membranis vestiti sunt. 5. Quum Paris, -étis, m., a wall. runt is a syncopated Vestio, 4, I clotho (E. rex urbem intrabat, omnium civium domus coronis et floribus vestite Placio, 2, I please. form for sitiverunt). I R, vest).
et ornatæ sunt. 6. Non prius dormiemus quam negotia vestra finita EXERCISE 100.--LATIN-ENGLISH.
erunt. 7. Simulac castra munita erunt, milites se ad pugnam expe
dient. 8. Metuebamus ne urbs ab hostibus obsidione cincta esset. 1. Milites per totum diem sitierunt et esurierunt. 2. Natura 9. Imprðbi puniuntur. 10. Bonus discipulus literarum cognitione oculos tenuissimis membranis vestivit. 3. Cur domus vestræ parietes erudiri stadet. 11. Urbs, obsidione cincta, multis malis punitur. coronis oraavistis et vestivistis? 4. Præceptoribus vestris placueratis, 12. Vir eruditus non solum sibi sed etiam aliis prodest. 13. Paeri quis semper præceptis eorum obedieratis. 5. Vix milites nostri castra diligenter erudiendi sunt. muniverant, quum Cæsar aciem instruxit. 6. Non prius dormiemus quam negotia nostra finierimus. 7. Quum milites castra muniverint,
EXERCISE 103.-ENGLISH-LATIN. ad pugnam se expedient. 8. Cavete, pueri, ne garriatis. 9. Lacedæ
1. They are guarded. 2. The city is guarded. 3. The city will be moniorum leges id spectant ut laboribus erudiant juventutem. 10. guarded. 4. The city has been guarded. 5. I take care that the Nemo dubitabat quin pueros semper custodivisses. 11. Narrate mihi city is (may be) guarded. 6. No one doubts that the city is well qua consolatione ægrum amici animum leniveritis. 12. Nescio cur guarded. 7. The citizens ought to guard the city. 8. Why do not pogrum puniveritis. 13. Non dubitabam quin præcepta mea memoria
the citizens guard the city? 9. I know not why the citizens do not castodirissetis. 14. Ne garritote, filiæ. 15. Venio te rogatum ut guard the city. 10. I fear the citizens may not guard the city. 11. mecum ambules. 16. Milites urbem custodire debent. 17. Sapientia They have prepared for the fight. 12. The walls of the house have est ars videndi. 18. Obediendum est præceptis virtutis. 19. Ars been clothed with flowers. navigandi utilissima est. EXERCISE 101.- ENGLISH-LATIN.
KEY TO EXERCISES IN LESSONS IN LATIN.-XXVII. 1. They thirsted. 2. I shall be hungry. 3. Thou will not obey my
EXERCISE 94.--LATIN-ENGLISH. precepts. 4. The boys chatter. 5. They have not obeyed their father.
1. I am exercised. 2. Thou art exercised. 3. He is exercised. 4. 6. I know not why they have not obeyed their father. 7. No one doubts that good boys obey their father. 8. He kept my words in I was exercised. 5. Thou wast exercised. 6. He was exercised.
I shall be exercised. 8. You will be exercised. 9. He will be exermemory. 9. I shall take care that thou keepest (mayost keep) my
cised. 10. Father takes care that I am well exercised. 11. The words in memory. 10. They come to fortify the city. 11. The art of writing is useful. 12. They adorn the walls of their house with chap. I take care that the
boy is well exercised. 14. The father took care
ditch is filled up. 12. I take care that you are well exercised. 13. leta. 13. I shall not sleep until (before that) I have (shall have) that his son was well exercised. 15. I took care that you were well inished my business. 14. Hast thou finished thy business? 15. He exercised, 16. I took care that your daughter was well exercised. wa punishing the boy when I entered the school.
17. Who knows not how our minds are increased by excellent fruits THE FOURTH CONJUGATION.
in the pursuit of learning ? 18. We fear that our army will (may) be
conquered by the enemies. 19. All the citizens feared that the city PASSIVE VOICE.
would be surrounded with a blockade (blockaded) by the enemies. EXAMPLE.---Audior, 4, I am heard.
20. When we are exercised in letters, our minds are increased by
the knowledge of many useful things. 21. When we are frightened Cid Parts : AQdior, audītus sum, audiri. Characteristic letter, 1 long. by a sudden danger, we ought not forthwith to despair of safety. 22. PRESENT TENSE.
The honour of virtue will be blotted out by no forgetfulness. 23. Indicative,
24. The boys have been strenuously exercised in the study of letters. Subjunctive. Imperative. Infinitive. Participle.
We feared that the city had been surrounded by a blockade by the 8.ng. Audior. Audiar.
enemies. 25. I fear that the soldiers have been frightened by a sudden Audiris. Audiaris. Audire or
danger. 26. Let the boy be strenuously exercised. 27. Bo not de Auditur. Audiatur. Auditor,
terred from the design by the difficulties of things. 28. Good scholars Ple, Audimur. Audiamur. [audiminor.
endeavour to be exercised in the study of letters. 29. A boy well Audimini. Audiamini. Audimini or
educated pleases all. 30. The enemies being terrified remain in the Audtuntur. Audiantur, Audiuntor.
camp. 31. Boys ought to be strenuously exercised. IMPERFECT TENSE. Sing. Audiébar, Audirer.
EXERCISE 95.-ENGLISH-LATIN. Audiebāris (e). Audirēris.
1. Pueri strenue exercentur. 2. Strenue exercentor pueri, 3. Audiebatur. Audiretur.
Pueri strenue exercendi sunt. 4. Pueri strenue exercebuntur. 5. Pls. Audiebanrur. Audiremur.
Strenue exercentur pueri. 6. Pueri strenue exercebantur. 7. Pueri Andiebamini. Audiremini,
strenue exerciti sunt. 8. Pueri strenue exerciti erunt. 9. Caro ut Audiebantur. Audirentur,
pueri strenue exerceantur, 10. Curabam ut pueri strenue exercerentur. FIRST FUTURE TEXSE,
11. Mew sorores strenue exercitæ sunt. 12. Puella strenue exercita Sing. Audiar.
'Auditum Audiendus. erit. 13, Metuo ne urbs obsidione cingatur. Audiëris.
1. We have led. 2. Thou hast led. 3. Thou leadest. 4. I was Audiemini.
leading. 5. He will lead. 6. He may lead. 7. While I was painting, Audientur.
thou wast writing, and brother was reading. 8. The enemies were PERFECT TENSE.
forming a line of battle. 9. As long as you live, you will live well. Sing. Auditus sum. Audītus sim.
Audītum Auditus. 10. If you cultivate virtue, good men will lore you. 11. The enemies Auditus es, Audibus sis.
formed a line of battle. 12. The enemies will draw up their line of Auditus est. Auditus sit.
battle. 13. We have written many letters (of the alphabet) to-day. Prime Auditi sumus, Auditi simus.
14. The enemies carried on a most frightful war. 15. Cæsar had Auditi estis. Auditi sitis.
drawn up in line of battle. 16. As soon as we have written the Auditi sunt. Auditi sint.
letters, we will walk. 17. I take care that I cultivate the minds of
boys. 18. I took care that the teacher cultivated the mind of my son. PLUPERFECT TENSE,
19. No one doubts that I have always diligently corrected the boy. eng, Auditus eram. Audītus essem.
20. We fear that the enemies have burnt the city. 21. No one doubts Auditus eras. Auditus esses.
that the enemies will surround the city with a blockade (will blockade Auditus erat. Auditus esset.
the city). 22. Tell us what your parents have written. 23. Let him Piel Auditi eramus. Auditi essemus.
write. 24. Learn, o boy. 25. Good boys learn willingly. 26. The Auditi eratis, Auditi essetis.
soldier, bravely defending himself against enemies, is praised. 27. Auditi erant. Auditi essent.
We ought to restrain our desires.
1. Urbem defendi. 2. Milites urbem defendebant. 3. Urbem deAnditus erit.
fendent. 4. Urbem defenderunt. 5. Scribebant. 6. Ille literas Par Anditi erimus,
scripsit. 7. Nemo dubitat quin tu bonas literas scripturus sis. 8. Auditi eritis.
Cura ut literas scribas. 9. Præceptor curat ut discipuli bonas literas Auditi erunt.
scribant. 10. Hodie literas scripsi. 11. Hostes aciem instruent. 12.