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K I N G H E N R Y VI.
PERSONS REPRESENTE D.
King Henry the Sirth.
Vaux, a Sea Captain, and WALTER WHITHUMPHREY Duke of GLOSTER, Uncle to the King.
MORE, Pirates. Cardinal BEAUFORT, Bishop of Winchester.
A Herald. Hume and Southwell, two Duke of YORK, pretending to the Croten.
BOLINGBROKE, un Astrologer.
THOMAS HORNER, an Armourer. PETER, Earl of SALISBURY, Zof the York Faction.
his Man. Earl of WARWICK, s
Clerk of Chatham. Mayor of Saint Albans. Lord CLIFFORD, of the King's Party.
SIMPCox, an Impostor. Lord Say.
Jack Cade, Bevis, Michael, John HolLord SCALES, Gorernor of the Torver.
LAND, Dick the Butcher, Smith the Sir HUMPHREY STAFFORD.
Il cater, and sereral others, Rebels.
MARGARET, Queen to King Henry VI.
Dame ELEANOR, Wife to the Duke of Gloster, EDWARD PLANTACENET, 2 Sons to the Duke Mother JORDAN, a Witch. RICHARD PLANTAGENET, S of York.
Wife to Simpcox.
gers, and other Attendants.
In sight of England, and her lordly peers,
Deliver up my title in the queen
To your most gracious hand, that are the substance
York, Somerset, and Buckingham, on the other. K. Hen. Suffolk, arise.--Welcome, queen Mar. Suf. A S by your high imperial majesty.
garet: n I had in charge at my depart for France, I can express no kinder sign of love, As procurator to your excellence,
10 Than this kind kiss~ O Lord, that lends me life, To marry princess Margaret for your grace; Lend me a heart replete with thankfulness ! So, in the famous ancient city, Tours,
For thou hast given me, in this beauteous face, In presence of the kings of France and Sicil, 1 A world of earthly blessings to my soul, The dukes of Orleans, Calabar, Bretaigne, Alen- If sympathy of love unite our thoughts. çon,
[shops,—15 2. Mar. "Great king of England, and my graSeven earls, twelve barons, twenty reverend bi-l
cious lord; I have perform'd my task, and was espous'd: The mutual conference that my mind hath had And humbly now upon my bended knee, | \By day, by night; waking, and in my dreams;
This and the Third Part, (which were first written under the title of The Contention of York and Lancaster, printed in 1600, and afterwards greatly improved by the author) contain that troublesome period of this prince's reign, which took in the whole contention betwixt the houses of York and Lancaster; and under that title were these two plays first acted and published. The present scene opens with king Henry's marriage, which was in the twenty-third year of his reign; and closes with the first battle fought at St. Alban's, and won by the York faction, in the thirty-third year of his Teig: so that it comprises the history and transactions of ten years. It is apparent that this play bezins where the former ends, and continues the series of transactions of which it pre-supposes the First Part already known.
In court'company, or at mr beads,
| Dd he so often lodge in open field, With vod mine alder-liefest - sovereign,
In winter's cold, and suminer's parching heat, Makes me the bolder to saiute my king
To conquer France, his true inheritance: With rider terms; such as my wit atioris, Lind did my brother Bedford toil his wit, And over-joy ot heart doch minister. speech, 5 To keep by policy what Henry got?
X. Henry. Hicr sight did ravish: but her grace in Hare you yourselves, Somerset, Buckingham, I! I words r-clad with wisdoin's majesty, Brave York, and Salisbury, victorious Warwick, Makes me, from wondering, fall to weeping jors: Receiv'd deep scars in France and Normandy? Such is the fulness of my beart's content
or hath mine uncle Beaufort, and myself, Lords, with one cheerful voice welcome my lore. Io With all the learned council of the realm, All. Long live quern Vargaret, England's hapt Study'd so long, sat in the council-house piness!
| Early and late, debating to and fro sawe? 2. Vai. We thank you all.
Flourish. How France and Frenchmen might be kept in Sut. My lord protector, so it please your grace, Or hath his highness in his intascy Here are the articles of contracted peace, 15 Ben crown's in Paris, in despight of foes; Between our sovereignandthe FrenchkingCharles, Ind shall these labours, and uitse bonours, die For eighteen months concluded by consent. Shall Henry's conquest, Bedford's vigilance,
Glo. reats.] Imprimis, “ It is agreed between Your deeds of war, and all our councils die? " the French king, Charles, and William de la O peers of England, shameful is tuis league! “ Poole,marquess of Suffolk,embassador tor Hen-20/Fatal this marriage! cancelling vour fame; “ry king of England, -that the said Henry shall Blotting your names from books of memory; “ epouse the lady Margaret, daughter to Reignier Razing the characters of your renown; “ king of Naples, Sicilia, and Jerusalem; and Reversing monuments of conquer'd France; “ crown her queen of England, ere the thirtieth Cndoing all, as all had never been! course? “ of May next ensuing.”
251 Car. Sephew, what incans this passionate disItem,'“ That the dutchies of Anjou and oth This peroration with such circumstances “ Maine shall be released and delivered to the For France, 'tis ours; and we will keep it still. “king her ta ”.
| Glo. Av, uncle, we will keep it, if we can; K. Henry. Uncle, how now?
But now it is impossible we should : Glo. Pardon me, gracious lord;
30 surtolk, the new-made duke that rules the roast, Some sudden qualın hath struck me to the heart, Hath given the dutchies of Anjou and Maine And dimm'd inine eyes, that I can read no further. Into the poor king Reignier, whose large style
K.Henry.L'ncle oi Winchester, I pray, read on. Igrecs not with the leanness of his purse Win. Itém,“ It is further agreed between them, Jal. Wow, by the death of Him who dr'd for all, " that the dutchies of Anjou and Maine shall be 35 These counties were the keys of Normandy: “ released and delivered to the king her father: But wherefore wetps Warwick, my valiant son? “ and she sent over of the king of England's own War. For grief that they are past recovery: “ proper cost and charges, without having any For, were there hope to conquer them again, “ dowry."
| sword should shed hotblood, mine eres notears. K.Henry.They please us well.--Lord marquess, 40.\njou and Maine! myselt did win them both; kneel down;
Those provinces these aruns of mine did conquer: We here create thee the first duke of Suffolk, And are the cities, that I got with wounds, And gird thee with the sword.—
Deliver'd up again with peaceful words? Cousin of York, we here discharge your grace
Mort Dieu From being regent in the parts of France,
15 York. For Suffolk's duke-miar he be suffocate, Till tern of eighteen months be full expir'd. That dims the honour of this warlike isle! Thanks, uncle Winchester, Gloster, York, and France should have torn and rent my very heart, Buckingham,
before I would have yielded to this league. Somerset, Salisbury, and Warwick;
I never read but England's kings have had We thank you all for this great favour done, 50 Large sums of gold, and dowries, with their wives; In entertainment to my princely queen.
And our king Henry gives away his own, Conne, let us in; and with all speed provide To match with her that brings no vantages. To see her coronation be perforin'd.
Glo. A proper jest, and never heard before, Exeunt king, Queen, and Suffolk. That Suttolk should demand a whole itteenth, Glo. Brave peers of England, pillars of the state, 53 For costs and charges in transporting her! To you duke Humphrey must unload his grief, 1 She should have staid in France, and starv'd in Your grief, the cominon grief of all the land. Before
[France, What did my brother Henry spend his youth, Car. My lord of Gloster, now re grow too hot: His valour, coin, and people, in the wars?
It was the pleasure of my lord the king.
" According to Warburton, alder-lievest is an old English word given to him to whom the speakeris supremely attached; lietest being the superlative of the comparative letur, rather, from lief; but Mr. Steevens asserts alder-lirtest to be a corruption of the German word alder-liebste, beloved above all things; and adds, that the word is used by Chaucer. Meaning, this speech crowded with so many instances of aggravation.
Glor Glo. My lord of Winchester, I know your mind ;| Join wc together, for the public good; 'Tis not my speeches that you do inislike,
In what we can, to bridle and suppress But 'tis my presence that doth trouble you. The pride of Suffolk, and the cardinal, Rancour will out: Proud prelate, in thy face With Somerset's and Buckingham's ambition; I see thy fury: if I longer stay,
5 And, as we may, cherish duke Humphrey's deeds, We shall begin our ancient bickerings':
While they do tend - the profit of the land. Farewell, my lords; and say, when I am gore,
| War. So God help Warwick,as he loves the land, I prophesy'-France will be lost ere long [Exit. And common profit of his country!
Car. So, there goes our protector in a rage. York. And so says York, for he hath greatest 'Tis known to you, he is mine enemy:
Aside. Nay, inore, an enemy unto you all;
Sal. Then let's inake haste, and look unto the And no great friend, I fear me, to the king.
main. Consider, lords-he is the next of blood,
War. Unto the main ! Oh father, Maine is lost; And heir apparent to the English crown;
That Maine, which by main force Warwick did win, Had Ilenry got an empire by his marriage, 15 And would have kept, so long as breath did last: And all the wealthy kingdoms of the west, Main chance, father, you meant; but I meant There's reason he should be displeas'd at it. I
Maine; Look to it, lords! let not his smoothing words Which I will win from France, or else be slain. Bewitch your hearts; be wise, and circumspect.
[Exeunt Warwick and Salisbury. What though the common people favour him, 20 York. Anjou and Maine are given to the French; Calling him-Humphrey, the goodduke of Gloster; Paris is lost; the state of Norinandy Clapping their hands, and crying with loud voice stands on a tickle 'point, now they are gone. Jusu maintain your round eicellence!
Suffolk concluded on the articles; With God preserre the good duke Humphrey! The peers agreed; and Henry was well pleas'd, I fear me, lords, for all this flattering gloss, 125 Tochange two dukedoms fora duke'sfairdaughter. He will be found a dangerous protector.
Il cannot blaine them all: What is't to them? Buck. Why should hethenprotectoursovereign, 'Tis thine they give away, and not their own. lle being of age to govern of himself?
1 Pirates maymakecheappennyworthoftheirpillage, Cousin of Somerset, join you with me,
And purchase friends, and give to courtezans, And all together with the duke of Suffolk,- 30 Still revelling, like lords, 'till all be gone: We'llquickly hoise duke Humphrey from his seat. While as the silly owner of the goods
Car. This keighty business will not brook delay : Weeps over them, and wrings his hapless hands, I'll to the duke of Suffolk presently. [Erit. And shakes his head, and trembling stands aloof, Som. Cousin of Buckingham, though Hum- While all is shar'd, and all is borne away; phrey's pride,
135 Ready to starve, and dares not touch his own. And greatness of his place, be grief to us,
so York must sit, and fret, and bite his tongue, Yet let us watch the haughty cardinal;
While his own lands are bargain’d for, and sold. His insolence is more intolerable
Methinks, the realms of England, France, and IreThan all the princes in the land beside;
Bear that proportion to my tlesh and blood, (land, If Gloster be displac'd, he'll be protector. 401 As did the fatal brand Althea burnt
Buck. Thou, or 1, Somerset, will be protector, Unto the prince's heart of Calydon“. Despight duke Humphrey, or the cardinal. 1 Anjou and Maine, both given unto the French!
[Ereunt Buckingham and Somerset. Cold news for me; for I had hope of France, Sal. Pride went before, ambition follows him. Even as I have of fertile England's soil. While these do labour for their own preferment, 45.1 day will come, when York shall claim his own; Behoves it us to labour for the realm.
And therefore I will take the Nevils' parts, I never saw but Humphrey duke of Gloster And make a shew of love to proud duke Hum. Did bear him like a noble gentleman.
phrey, Oft have I seen the haughty cardinal
And, when I spy advantage, claim the crown, More like a soldier, than a man o' the church, 150 For that's the golden mark I seek to hit: As stout, and proud, as he were lord of all, I Nor shall proud Lancaster usurp my right, Swear like a ruffian, and demean himself
Nor hold the sceptre in his childish fist, Unlike the ruler of a common weal.
Nor wear the diadem upon his head, Warwick my son, the comfort of my age ! Whose church-like humour fits not for a crown." Thy deeds, thy plainness, and thy house-keeping, 55 Then, York, be still a while, 'till time do serve: Hath won the greatest favour of the commons, Watch thou, and wake, when others be aslecp, Excepting none but good duke Humphrey. To pry into the secrets of the state; And, brother York, thy acts in Ireland,
l'Till Henry, surfeiting in joys of love, [queen, In bringing them to civil discipline;
With his new bride, and England's dear-bougit Thy late exploits done in the heart of France, 60 And Humphrey with the peers be fall'n at jars: When thou wert regent for our sovereign, sple: Then will I raise aloft the milk-white rose, Have made thee fear'd, and honour'd, of the peol With whose sweet smell the air shall be perfum'd; To bicker is to skirmish. ? i. e. direct to. Tickle for ticklish * i.e. Meleager.
And And in my standard bear the arms of York, Elean. What, what, my lord! are you so choleric To grapple with the house of Lancaster;
With Eleanor, for telling but her dream? And, force perforce, I'll make him yield the crown, Next time, I'll keep my dreams unto myself, Whose bookish rule hath pull'd fair England down. And not be check’a.
[Exit York./ 5| Glo. Nay, be not angry, I am pleas'd again. SCENE II.
Enter a Messenger.
Mes.Mylordprotector,'tis his highness'pleasure, Enter Duke Humphrey and his wife Eleanor. 1
You do prepare to ride unto Saint Albans,
Whereas the king and queen do mean to hawk. Elean. Why droops my lord, like over-ripen’d 10 Glo. I go.-Come, Nell, thou wilt ride with us? corn,
Elean. Yes, my good lord, I'll follow presently. Hanging the head at Ceres' plenteous load?
[Erit Gloster. Why doth the great dukeHumphreyknit hisbrows, Follow I must, I cannot go before." As frowning at the favours of the world? 1 While Gloster bears this base and humble mind. Why are thine eyes fix'd to the sullen earth, 115 Were I a man, a duke, and next of blood, Gazing on that which seems to dim thy sight?
I would remove these tedious stumbling-blocks, What see'st thou there? king Henry's diadem, And smooth my way upon their headless necks: Inchas'd with all the honours of the world? And, being a woman, I will not be slack If so, gaze on, and grovel on thy face,
To play my part in fortune's pageant. (man, Until thy head be circled with the same.
120 Where are you there? Sir John! nay, fear not, Put forth thy hand, reach at the glorious gold: We are alone; here's none but thee and I. What, is't too short? I'll lengthen it with mine: And, having both together heav'd it up,
Erter Hume. We'll both together lift our heads to heaven; Hume. Jesu preserve your royal majesty! And never more abase our sight so low 125 Elean. My majesty! why, man, I am but grace. As to vouchsafe one glance unto the ground. Hume. But, by the grace of God, and Hume's Glo. O Nell, sweet Nell, if thou dost love thvl
advice, Banish the canker of ambitious thoughts: flord, Your grace's title shall be multiply'd. And may that thought, when I imagine ill 1 Elean. What say'st thou, man? hast thou as Against my king and nephew, virtuous Henry, 301 yet conferr'd Be my last breathing in this mortal world! With Margery Jourdain, the cunning witch; My troublous dreain this night doth make me sad. And Roger Bolingbroke, the conjurer? Elean. What dream'd my lord ? tell me, and And will they undertake to do me good? I'll requite it
Hume. This they have promised, -to shew With sweet rehearsal of my morning's dream. 351 your highness Glo. Methought, this staff, mine office-badge! A spirit rais’d from depth of under ground, in court,
That shall make answer to such questions, Was broke in twain; by whom, I have forgot, As by your grace shall be propounded him. But, as I think, it was by the cardinal;
| Elcan. It is enough; "I'll think upon the And on the pieces of the broken wand set, 40
questions: Were plac'd the heads of Edmund duke of Somer-1 When from Saint Albans we do make return, And William de la Poole first duke of Suffolk. We'll see those things effected to the full. This was my dream; what it doth bode, God knows. Here, Hume, take this reward: make merry,man,
Elean. Tut, this was nothing but an argument, With thy confederates in this weighty cause. That he, that breaks a stick of Gloster's grove, 145
[Exit Eleanor. Shall lose his head for his presumption.
Hume. Hume must make merry with the But list to me, my Humphrey, my sweet duke:
dutchess' gold; Methought, I sat in seat of majesty,
Marry, and shall. But, how now, Sir John Hume? In the cathedral church of Westminster,
Seal up your lips, and give no words but-mum! And in that chair where kings and queens are 50 The business asketh silent secrecy. crown'd;
|Dame Eleanor gives gold, to bring the witch: Where Henry, and dame Margaret, kneel'dtome, Gold cannot come amiss, were she a devil. And on my head did set the diadem.
Yet have I gold flies from another coast : Glo. Nay, Eleanor, then must I chide outright: I dare not say, froin the rich cardinal, Presumptuous dame, ill-nurtur'd Eleanor ! 55 And from the great and new-made duke of Suffolk; Art thou not second woman in the realm ;
Yet I do find it so: for, to be plain, And the protector's wife, belov'd of him?
They, knowing dame Eleanor's aspiring humour, Hast thou not worldly pleasure at command, Have hired me to underinine the dutchess, Above the reach or compass of thy thought?
And buz these conjurations in ber brain. And wilt thou still be hammering ireachery, 160 They say, A crafty knave does need no broker?; To tumble down thy husband, and thyself, Yet am I Suffolk's and the cardinal's broker. From top of honour to disgrace's feet
Hume, if you take not heed, you shall go near Away from me, and let me hear no more. I To call them both a pair of crafty knaves.
! Whereas is the same as there. This is a proverbial expression.
Well, so it stands: And thus, I fear, at last, I lAway, base cullions !-Suffolk, let them go. Hume's knavery will be the dutchess' wreck; Ali. Come, let's be gone. [Ereunt Petitioners. And her attainture will be Humphrey's fall:
2. Mar. My lord of Suffolk, say, is this the guise, Sort' how it will, I shall have gold for all. [Exit. Is this the fashion in the court of England:
5 Is this the govreminent of Britain's isle,
I kind this the royalty of Albion's king?
| What, shall king Henry be a pupil still, Enter three or four Petitioners, Peter, the Ar- Under the surly Gloster's governance? mourer's Man, being one.
in I a qucen in title and in style, 1 Pet. My masters, let's stand close; my lord 10 And must be made a subject to a dukc? protector will come this way by-and-by, and then I tell thee, Poole, when in the city Tours we may deliver our supplications in the quill?. Thou ran'st a tilt in honour of my love,
2 Pet. Marry, the Lord protect him, for he's a And stol’st away the ladies' hearts of France; good man! Jesu bless him!
I thought, king Henry had resembled thee,
115 In courage, courtship, and proportion: I Pet. Here a' comes, methinks, and the queen But all his mind is bent to holiness, with him: I'll be the first, sure.
To number Ave-Maries on his beads: 2 Pet. Come back, fool; this is the duke of His champions are the prophets, and apostles; Suffolk, and not my lord protector.
His weapons, holy saws of sacred writ; Suf. How now, fellow? wouldst any thing 20 His study is his tilt-yard, and his loves with me?
Tre brazen images of canoniz'd saints. 1 Pet. I pray, my lord, pardon me! I took ye I would, the college of the cardinals for my lord protector.
1 Would chuse him pope, and carry him to Rome, 2. İfar. For my lord protector! are your sup- And set the triple crown upon his head; plications to his lordship? Let me see them : 25 That were a state fit for his holiness. what is thine?
| Suf. Madam, be patient: as I was cause 1 Pet. Mine is, an't please your grace, against Your highness caine to England, so will I John Goodman, my lord cardinal's man, for In England work your grace's full content. keeping iny house, and lands, and wife and all, 2. Alar. Beside the haught protector, have we from me.
Beaufort, Suf. Thy wife too? that is some wrong, indeed. Theimperiouschurchman;Somerset, Buckingham, What's your's! what's here! [reads.] Against And grumbling York: and not the least of these, the duke of Suffolk for enclosing the commons of But can do more in England than the king. Alelford.-How now, sir knave?
U Suf. And he of these, that can do most of all, 2 Pet. Alas, sir, I am but a poor petitioner of 35 Cannot do more in England than the Nevils : our whole township.
| Salisbury and Warwick are no simple peers. Peter. Against my master, Thomas Horner, for 2. Mar. Not all these lords do vex me half so saying, That the duke of York was rightful heirl. much, to the crown.
I JAs that proud dame, the lord protector's wife. 2. Mar. What say'st thou? Did the duke of 40 She sweeps it through the court with troops of York say, he was rightful heir to the crown?
ladies, Peter. That my mistress was? No, forsooth: More like an empress,thanduke Humphrey's wife; my master said, That he was; and that the king' Strangers in court do take her for the queen: Nas an usurper.
T She bears a duke's revenues on her back, Suf. Who is there?--Take this fellow in, and 45 And in her heart she scorns our poverty: sedd for his master with a poursuivant presently:- Shall I not live to be aveng'd on her? we'll hear more of your matter before the king. Contemptuous base-born callat as she is,
[Erit Peter guarded. She vaunted’mongst her minions t'other day, 2. Mar. And as for you, that love to be pro- The very train of her worst wearing-gown", tected
150Was better worth than all my father's lands, L'oder the wings of our protector's grace,
Till Sutfolk gave two dukedonis for his daughter. Begin your suits anew, and sue to him.
Suf. Mádam, mysclf have lim'da bush for her; [Tears the petitions. And plac'd a quire of such enticing birds,
'i. e. happen. ? Mr. Steevens thinks, that the phrase in the quill, or in quill, implies no more than our tritten or penn'd supplications. Mr. Tollet supposes it may mean, with great exactness and observance of form, or with the utmost punctilio of ceremony; that it seems to be taken from part of the dress of our ancestors, whose ruffs were quilled; and that while these were worn, it might be the rogue to say, such a thing is in the quill, i. e. in the reigning mode of taste, as it has been since customary to use the similar phrase of a thing being in print, to express the same circumstance of exactness. Another critic and commentator, however, conjectures, that this may be supposed to have been a phrase formerly in use, and the same with the French en quille, which is said of a man when he stands upright upon his feet without stirring from the place. The proper sense of guille in French is a nine-pin, and in some parts of England nine-pins are still called cauls, Quelle in the old British language also signities any piece of wood set upright,