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Still serve him with my life. My dearest master! To requite me, by making rich yourself. [man,
Timon comes forward from his cave. I Tim. Look thee, 'tis so !_Thou singly honest Tim. Away! what art thou?
Here, take:the gods out of my misery Flav. Have you forgot me, sir? [men ;) Have sent thee treasure. Go, live rich, and happy:
Tim. Why dost ask that? I have forgot all 5 But thus condition'd: Thou shalt build froin'men; Then, if thou grant'st thou art a man, I have Hate all, curse all: shew charity to none; Forgot thee.
But let the famish'd flesh slide from the bone, Flav. An honest poor servant of yours.
Ere thou relieve the beggar: give to dogs Tim. Then I know thee not:
What thou deny'st to men; let prisons swallow'em, I ne'er had bonest man about me, I; all 10 Debts wither'em to nothing: Be men like blasted I kept were ' knaves, to serve in meat to villains.
woods, Fiao. I he gods are witness,
And may diseases lick up their false bloods ! Ne'er did poor steward wear a truer grief
And so, farewell, and thrive. For his undone lord, than mine eyes for you. Flav. O, let me stay, and comfort you,my master. Tim. What, dost thou weep?-Come nearer;-15 Tim. If thou hat'st curses, then I love thee,
Stay not; but fly, whilst thou art blest and free: Because thou art a woman, and disclaim'st
Ne'er see thou man, and let me ne'er see thee. Flinty mankind; whose eyes do never give,
[Exeunt severally. But thorough lust, and laughter. Pity's sleeping: Strange times, that weep with laughing, not with 20
. SCENE II. weeping!
The same. Flar. I beg of you to know me, good my lord,
Enter Poet and Painter. To accept my grief, and, whilst this poor wealth 1. Pain. As I took note of the place, it cannot be lasts,
far where he abides. To entertain ine as your steward still.
125) Poet. What's to be thought of hini? Does the Tim. Had I a steward
rumour hold for true, that he is so full of gold? So true, so just, and now so comfortable?
| Pain. Certain: Alcibiades reports it; Phrynia It alunost turns my dangerous nature wild?. and Tymandra had gold of him : he likewise enLet me behold thy face.-Surely, this man
I rich'd poor straggling soldiers with great quanWas born of woman.
30 tity: 'Tis said, he gave his steward a mighty sum. Forgive my general and exceptless rashness,
Poet. Then this breaking of his has been but a Perpetual-sober gods! I do proclaim
try for his friends ? One honest man,-mistake me not,But one; | Pain. Nothing else: you shall see him a palin No more, I pray,-and he is a steward.
I lin Athens again, and flourish with the highest. How fain would I have hated all mankind, 135 Therefore, 'tis not amiss, we tender our loves to And thou redeem'st thyself: But all, save thee, him, in this suppos'd distress of his: it will shew I fell with curses.
Thonestly in us; and is very likely to load our Methinks, thou art more honest now, than wise; purposes with what they travel for, if it be a just For, by oppressing and betraying me,
and true report that goes of his having. Thou might'st have sooner got another service: 40 Poet. What have you now to present unto him? For many so arrive at second masters,
| Pain. Nothing at this time but my visitation: Upon their first lord's neck. But tell me true, only I will promise hinı an excellent piece. (For I must ever doubt, though ne'er so sure) Poet. I must serve him so too; tell him of an Is not thy kindness subtle, covetous, [gifts, lintent that's coming toward him. If not a usuring kindness; and as rich men deal 45 Pain. Good as the best. Promising is the very Expecting in return twenty for one? [breast air o'the time; it opens the eyes of expectation:
Flav. No, my niost worthy master, in whose performance is ever the duller for his act; and. Doubt and suspect, alas, are plac'd too late: I but in the plainer and simpler kind of people, the You should have fear'd false times, when you did deed of saying is quite out of use". To promise feast :
150 is most courtly and fashionable: performance is Suspect still comes where an estate is least. Ja kind of will, or testament, which argues a great That which I shew, heaven knows, is merely love, sickness in his judgement that makes it. Duty and zeal to your unmatched mind,
1. "Re-enter Timon from his cave, unseen. Care of your food and living: and, believe it, I Tim. Excellent workman! Thou canst not paint My most honour'd lord,
155 a man so bad as thyself. For any benefit that points to nie,
| Poet. I am thinking, what I shall say I have Either in hope, or present, I'd exchange it
provided for him: It must be a personating 5 of For this one wish, That you had power and wealth himself: a satire against the softness of prosperity:
· Knave is here used in the compound sense of a servant and a rascal. To turn wild is to distract.-An appearance so unexpected, says Timon, almost turns my sacageness to distraction. 3 i.e. away from human habitations. “The sense is, “ The doing of that which we have said we would do, the accomplishment and performance of our promise, is, except among the lower classes of mankind, quite out of use.” Personating for representing simply; for the subject of this projected satire was Tinou's case, not his person.
with a discovery of the infinite flatteries, that fol- Why,thy verse swells with stuffso fine and smooth, low youth and opulency.
That thou art even natural in thine art.Tim. Must thou needs stand for a villain in thine But, for all this, my honest-natur'd friends, own work? Wilt thou whip thine own faults in Il must needs say, you have a little fault: other men? Do so, I have gold for thee. 5 Marry, 'tis not monstrous in you; neither wish I, Poet. Nay, let's seek him :
You take much pains to mend.
Both. Beseech your honour
(night',| Tim. You'll take it ill.
[gold, Both. Doubt it not, worthy lord. knave, Tim. I'll meet you at the turn. What a god 's! | Tim. There's ne'er a one of you but trusts a That he is worshipp'd in a baser temple,
(That mightily deceives you. Than where swine feed !
15 Both. Do we, my lord?
(semble, Tis thou that rigg'st the bark, and plow'st thel | Tim. Ay, and you hear him cog, see him disfoam;
Know his gross patchery, love him, feed him, Settlest admired reverence in a slave:
Keep in your bosom: yet remain assur'd,
Poet. Nor I.
[gold, Poet. Hail! worthy Timon.
Tim. Look you, I love you well; I'll give you Pain. Our late noble master.
Rid me these villains from your companies : Tim. Have I once liv'd to see two honest nien? Hang them, or stab them drown theminadraught“, Poet. Sir,
125 Contound them by some course, and come to me, Having often of your open bounty tasted, I L'll give you gold enough. Hearing you were retir'd, your friends fall’n off, Both. Name them, my lord, let's know them. Whose thankless natures_0 abhorred spirits! Tim. You that way, and you this.—But two in Not all the whips of heaven are large enough
company', What! to you!
50 Each man apart,--all single, and alone, Whose star-like nobleness gave life and influence Yet an arch-villain keeps him company:-To their whole being! I am rapt, and caunot cover If, where thou art, two villains shall not be, The monstrous bulk of this ingratitude
[To the Painter. With any size of words.
Come not near him. If thou wouldst not reside Tim. Let it go naked, men may see't the better: 35
[To the Poet. You, that are honest, by being what you are, But where one villain is, then him abandon.Make them best seen, and known.
llence ! pack! there's gold, ye came for gold, Pain. He, and myself,
1 ye slaves : Have travell’d in the great shower of your gifts, You have work for me, there is payment: Hence! And sweetly felt it.
140 You are an alchymist, make gold of that: Tim. Ay, you are honest men.
[vice. Out, rascal dogs! Pain. We are hither come to offer you our ser
[Exit, beating and driving them out. Tim. Most honest men! Why, how shall 1 requite you?
[I have gold; | Flav. It is in vain that you would speak with Tim. You are honest men : You have heard that
Timon; I am sure, you have : speak truth: you are ho- For he is set so only to himself, nest men.
50 That nothing but himself, which looks like man, Pain. So it is said, my noble lord: but therefore Is friendly with him.' Came not my friend, nor I.
sterfeit | Sen. Bring us to his cave: Tim. Good honest men:-Thou draw'sta coun- It is our part, and promise to the Athenians, · Best in all Athens: thou art, indeed, the best; | l'o speak with Timon. Thou counterfeit'st most lively.
1551 2 Sen. At all times alike Pain. So, so, my lord.
Men are not still the same: 'Twas time, and griefs, Tim. Even so, sir, as I say:-And, for thy fiction, That fram'd him thus: time, with his fairer hand,
[To ihe Poet. Offering the fortunes of his former days,
ii. e. night which is as obscure as a dark corner. ? A portrait was called a counterfeit in our author's time. i.e. a hypocrite. 4 That is, in the jakes. This passage is obscure. Dr. Johnson thinks the meaning is this: But two in conipany, that is, Stand apart, let only two be together; for even when each stands single there are two, he himself and a villain.-But, in the North, signjhes without..
The former man may make him: Bring us to him, And take our goodly aged men by the beards, And chance it as it may.
Giving our holy virgins to the stain Flac. Here is his care.
Of contumelious, beastly, mad-brain'd war; Peace and content be here! Lord Timon! Timon! Then let him know, and tell him, Timon speaks it, Look out, and speak to friends: The Athenians, 5 lipity of our aged, and our vouth, Byto of their niost reverend senate, greet thee: I cannot chuse but tell him, that I care not, Speak to them, noble Timon...
And let him take't at worst; for their knives care Enter Timm.
not, Tim. Thou sun, that comfort'st, burn! Speak, While you have throats to answer: for nyself, and be hang'd!
110 There's not a wbittle * in the unruly camp, For each true word, a blister, and each false But I do prize it at my love, before Be as a cauterizing to the root o'the tongue, The reverend'st throat in Athens. So I leave you Consuming it with speaking!
To the protection of the prosperous gods, I Sen. Forthy Timon,
mou. Is thieves to keepers. Tim. Of uone but such as you, and you of Ti-15 Flar. Stay not, all's in vain. 2 Sen. The senators of Aihens greet thee, Ti- Tim. Why, I was writing of my epitaph, mon.
[the plague, It will be seen to-morrow; My long sickness Tim. I thank them; and would send them bach Of health, and living, now begins to mend, Could I but catch it for them.
And nothing brings me all things. Go, live still: Sen. , forget
120 Be Alcibiades your plague, you his, What we are sorry for ourselves in thee.
And last so long enough! The senators, with one consent of love,
i Sen. We speak in vain. Intreat thee back to Athens; who have thought | Tivi. But yet I love my country; and am not On special dignities, which vacant lie
JOne that rejoices in the common wreck, For thy best use and wearing.
(25 As common bruit doih put it. 2 Sen. They confess,
I Sen. That's well spoke. Toward thee, forgetfulness too general, gross : Tim. Commend me to iny loving countrymen,-And now the public body,which doth seldom 1 Sen. These words become your lips as they Play the recanter,-feeling in itself
pass through them.
[umpher's A lack of Timon's aid, hath sense withal (30! 2 Sen. And enter in our ears, like great triDf its own fall', restraining aid to Timon;
In their applauding gates. And sends forth us, to make their sorrowed ren- | Tim. Commend me to them; der,
And tell them, that, to ease thein of their griefs, Together with a recompence more fruitful
Their fears of hostile strokes, their aches, losses. Than their offence can weigh down by the dram ; 35 Their pangs of love, with other incident throes Ay,evensuch heaps and sums of love and wealth, That nature's fragil vessel doth sustain As shall to thee blot out what wrongs were theirs, In life's uncertain voyage, I will some kindness And write in thee the figures of their love,
do them: Ever to read them thine.
I'll teach them to prevent wild Alcibiades' wrath. Tim. You witch me in it;
140 2 Sen. I like this well, he will return again. Surprise me to the very brink of tears :
Tim. I have a tree, which grows here in my Lend me a fool's heart, and a woman's eyes, I
close, And I'll beweep these comforts, worthy senators. That mine own use invites me to cut down.
i Sen. Therefore, so please thee to return with and shortly must I fell it: Tell my friends, And of our Athens (thine, and ours) to take [us, 45 Tell Athens, in the sequence of degree, The captainship, thou shalt be met with thanks, I from high to low throughout, that whoso please Allow'd 'withabsolute power, and thy good name to stop ailliction, let him take his haste, Live with authority:--so soon shall we drive back Come bither, ere my tree hath felt the axe, Of Alcibiades the approaches wild;
and hang himself:-1 pray you, do my greeting.. Who, like a boar too savage, doth root up
50Flat. Trouble him no further, thus you still His country's peace.
shall find him. 2 Sin. And shakes his threat'ning sword
| Tim. Come not to me again: but say to Athens, Against the walls of Athens.
Timon hath made his everlasting mansion į Sen. Therefore, Timon,
Upon the beached verge of the salt food, Tim. Well, sir, I will; therefore I will, sir; 53 Which once a day with his enibossed froth 6 Thus,
|The turbulent surge shall cover; thither come, If Alcibiades kill my countrymen,
And let my grave-stone be your oracle.Let Alcibiades know this of Timon, [Athens, Lips, let sour words go by, and language end: That-Timon cares not.-— But if he sack fairt What is amiss, plague and infection mend !
The Athenians had sense, that is, felt the danger of their own fall, by the arms of Alcibiades. 2 Render is confession. Allowed is licensed, privileged, uncontrolled."* A whittle is still in the midland counties the common name for a pocket clasp knife, such as children use. 5i.e. from highest to lowest. 6 We have before observed, that when a deer was run hard, and foamed at the mouth, he was said to be emboss'd.
ATHENS. fAct 5. Scene 6. Graves only be men'sworks; and death, their gain: 1
SCENE VI. Sun, hide thy beams! Timon hath done his reign./
Before the Walls of Athens.
SExit Timon. 1 Sen. His discontents are unremoveably
Trumpets sound. Enter Alcibiades with his powers. Coupled to nature.
151 Alcib. Sound to this coward and lascivious 2 Sen. Our hope in him is dead: let us return,
Our terrible approach.
(town And strain what other means is left unto us [Sounda parley. The Senators appear upon the walls. In our dear peril.
[Till now you have gone on, and till'd the time 1 Sen. It requires swift foot.
With all licentious measure, making your wills
710 The scope of justice; 'till now, myself, and such SCEN E IV.
As slept within the shadow oi jour power,
Have wander'd with our traverst armis ?, and The Walls of Athens.
breath'd Enter tro other Senators, with a Messenger. Our sufferance vainly: Now the time is flush,
1 Sen. Thou hast painfully discovered; are his 15 When crouching marrow, in the bearer strong, As full as thy report?
[files Cries of itself, 'No more:' now breathless wrong Mes. I have spoke the least:
| Shall sit and pant in your great chairs of ease; Besides, his expedition promises
And pursy insolence shall break his wind, Present approach.
[Timon.! With fear, and horrid Hight. 2 Sen. We stand much hazard, if they bring not 20 1 Sen. Noble and young,
Mes. I meta courier, one mine ancient friend;- When thy first griess were but a meer conceit, Who, though in general part we were oppos'd, Ere thou hadst power, or we had cause to fear, Yet our old love inade a particular force,
We sent to thee; to give thy rages balm, And made us speak like friends :- this man was To wipe out our ingratitudes with loves riding
25 Above their 5 quantity, From Alcibiades to Timon's cave,
12 Sen. So did we woo With letters of entreaty, which imported
Transformed Timon to our city's love, His fellowship i’ the cause against your city,
By hunible message, and by promis'd means; In part for his sake mov’d.
We were not all unkind, nor all deserve
130 The common stroke of war. 1 Sen. Here come our brothers.
1 Sen. These walls of ours 3 Sen. No talk of Timon, nothing of him expect. Were pot erected by their hands, from whom The enemies' drum is heard, and fearful scouring You have receiv’d your griefs: por are they such, Doth choak the air with dust : In, and prepare; 1 That these great towers, trophies, and schools Ours is the fall, I fear, our foes the share. 35
should fall Exeunt. For private faults in them.
1.2 Sen. Nor are they living, SCENE V.
Who were the motives that you first went out; Changes to the Woods.
Shame, that they wanted cunning, in excess
10 Hath broke their hearts 6. March, noble lord, Enter a Soldier, seeking Timon.
Into our city with thy banners spread: Sol. By all description, this should be the place. By decimation, and a tithed death, Who's here? speak, ho!-No answer?-What) |(If thy revenges hunger for that food, is this?
Which nature loaths) take thou the destin'd tepth; Timon is dead, who hath out-stretch'd his span: 45 And by the hazard of the spotted die, Some beast read this; there does not live a man. Let die the spotted. Dead, sure ; and this his grave. What's on this Sen, All have not offended; tomb?
For those that were, it is not square', to take, I cannot read; the character I'll take with wax; On those that are, revenges: crimes, like lands, Our captain hath in every figure skill;
150 Are not inherited. Then, dear countryman, An ag'd interpreter, though young in days: I Bring in thy ranks, but leave without thy rage: Before proud Athens he's set down by this, Spare thy Athenian cradle, and those kin, Whose fall the mark of his ambition is. [Exit. Which, in the bluster of thy wrath, must fall
1 Dr. Warburton observes, that dear, in the language of that time, signified dread, and is so used by Shakspeare in numberless places.—Mr. Steevens says, that dear may in this instance signify immediate; and that it is an enforcing epithet with not always a distinct meaning. ? Arms across. 3 A bird is flush when his feathers are grown, and he can leave the nest.- Flush means mature. • The marrow was supposed to be the original of strength.--The image is from a camel kneeling to take up his load, who rises immediately when lie finds he has as much laid on as he can bear. · Their refers to rages. The meaning is, “ Shame in excess (i.e. extremity of shame) that they wanted cunning i.e. that they were not wise enough not to banish you) hath broke their hearts." ? i.e. not regular, not equitable.
With those that have offended: like a shepherd,
Enter a Soldier.
Entomb'd upon the very hem o' the sea; 2 Sen What thou wilt,
And, on his grave-stone, this insculpture; which Thou rather shalt eniorce it with thy smile, 5 With wax I brought away, whose soft impression Than hew to 't with thy sword.
Interpreteth for my poor ignorance. 1 Sen. Set but thy foot
[Alcibiades reads the epitaph.] Against our rampir'd gates, and they shall ope; \Here lies a wretched corse, of wretched soul bereft: So thou wilt send thy gentle heart before, Seek not my name: A plague consume you wicked To say, thou 'lt enter friendly.
caiti's left! 2 Sen. Throw thy glove,
Here lie I Timon ; who, alive, all living men did Or any token of thine honour else,
hute : That thou wilt use the wars as thy redress, Pass by, and curse thy fill; but pass, and stay not And not as our confusion, all thy powers
here thy gait. Shall make their harbour in our town, 'till we 115 These well express in thee thy latter spirits : Have seal'd thy full desire.
Though thou abhor'dst in us our human griefs, Alcib. Then there's my glove;
Scorn'dst our brain's flow?, and those our dropDescend, and open your uncharged ports':
1 lets which Those enemies of Timon's, and mine own, From niggard nature fall, yet rich conceit Whoin you yourselves shall set out for reproof, 120 Taught thee to make vast Neptune weep for aye Fall, and no more : and,--to atone your fears On thy low grave.-On:--Faults forgiven.-Dead With my more noble meaning,--not a man Ils noble Timon; of whose memory Shall pass his quarter, or otfend the stream
Hereafter more.—Bring me into your city, Of regular justice in your city's bounds,
And I will use the olive with my sword: But shall be remedy'd by your public laws 25 Make war breed peace; make peace stint war ; At heaviest answer.
make each Both. 'Tis most nobly spoken.
|Prescribe to other, as each other's leachAlcib. Descend, and keep your words. I Let our drums strike.