The Japanese Police System Today: A Comparative Study

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M.E. Sharpe, 2001/08/07
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In all major categories of crime, statistics show clearly that Japan has dramatically lower crime rates than the United States. How can this be accounted for, considering that Japan's population is as urbanized, industrialized, and sophisticated as those of the most advanced Western nations?

One of the major factors is the very different way that the Japanese police system is viewed and operates compared with police in the U.S. This study examines those differences through direct observation of Japanese police practices combines with interviews of Japanese police officials, criminal justice practitioners, legal scholars, and private citizens. Written by a teaching criminologist, it compares many Japanese police practices side by side with U.S. police practices, and places the role of the police in the broader cultural and historical Japanese framework.

 

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目次

Overview Crime in Japan and the United States
5
The Historical and Legal Framework
14
Overview of Police
34
Köban Police
40
Attitudes of the Police toward Their Work
71
The Hokkaido and Okayama Prefectural Police Forces
93
The Investigation of Crime
124
Courts Corrections and Probation
148
Crime by Foreigners
160
Crisis with Youth
178
The Police and the Community
199
Conclusion
239
References
249
Index
257
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12 ページ - Litigation presupposes and admits the existence of a dispute and leads to a decision which makes clear who is right or wrong in accordance with standards that are independent of the wills of the disputants.
13 ページ - To the Japanese the law is not a norm, but a framework for discussion. The good Japanese judge is the man who can arrange and settle the most compromises out of court. When an American calls his lawyer, he is confident and happy to rely on the strength of his whole social system, the rule of law. When a Japanese calls his lawyer, he is sadly admitting that, in this case, his social system has broken down.
17 ページ - Rather, his interest is absorbed in the interest of the collectivity to which he belongs, and the interest of the collectivity is recognized as having primary importance, while the interest of the individual has merely a secondary importance [pp.

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