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Woodcocks have this year been much less numerous than usual. The change of the wind, from east to south west, towards the latter end of November, drove away the remainder of the first fight; and fince that time very few have been seen. Snipes are in great abuurlauce. So long as the mild weather at the beginning of the month continued; they were to be found on mott of the heatlıs in this neighbourhood. I was informed of a gentleman who shot more than forty in one day.

December 9. A few fiorets of the woodbine are ftill left.

Lamperns (petromyzon branchialis of Linnæus) are to he obferved adhering to stones in the rivers.

December 18. The hard frost of last night has compelled several species of wildfowl to seek for shelter in our harbours and rivers. This morning eight boopers, or wild swans, were seen; and in the course of the day some flocks of wild geele.

The Turnip-greens have been rendered completely flaccid by the frost, and are all now lýing upon the ground.

The moles, which were yesterday bulily employed in throwing up their billocks, are now compelled to seek for shelter out of the reach of the frost, as the whole surface of the earth is impenetrable by them. December 21. A bittern was this day shot.

23. I am not inclined to believe that the common wagtails migrate in the autumn, as it has generally been asserted by ornitholugifts. In the midit of the Inow, and even during the severelt weather we have had, I have conítantly seen them running and flying about.

December 24. The frost, has been fo severe, that many of the small birds are killed lý boys throwing sticks at them. I saw a liedge-sparrow that had been picked up in one of the roads, and was alınost frozen to death.

I this day observed in the fields fone lambs.which had just been yeaned.

December 25. The blackbirds and thrushes are more numerous about the laues and hedges than I ever before observed them.

December 27. Ainungit other species of wild fowl that I this day saw, were several Bernacle geese (Anas erythropus of Linnæus), and. white-fronted or laughing-geete (Anas albifius). Both kinds are excellent eating.

December 31. The turnip-leaves, by the mild weather since the 27th, have in a great measure recovered from their frost-bitten state.

In my Report for September, I have, by mistake, inserted papilio byale for papilio edusa, The large green caterpillar mentioned in the saine Report, as probably that of Bombyx tauus of Haworth, is, I am informed by an entomological friend, that of the female of Bombyx paronus, or emperor moth.


THE frost, which has prevailed during the greatest part of the present month, has not

by any means injured even the most forward Wheats; they of course continue to look well and healthy. This has inost probably been the consequence of their being in most places slightly covered with snow.

The operations of the field have, however, been very much retarded by the above caule, as it has been quite impotlible to proceed with them. The business of repairing the fences, and that of ploughing, has been quite at a stand; cart-work and threshing out the grain being only practicable.

The young stork in the farm-yards, and the stall-feeding beasts, have in common gone on well, food being, in general, pretty plentiful, especially in the more northern districts.

The turnips, and other green winter crops, hare food the severity of the weather, in moft cases, in an unusual manner.

The sheep-stock has, however, in inany cases, been greatly injured by the snows, and in some fituations great numbers loft.

All forts of grain "have lately been considerably on the advance; and both Flour and Oatmeal are now getting high.-In England and Wales, Wheat averages per quarter, 90s. 6d.; Barley, 41s. 11d.; and Oats, 333.

Potatoes have likewise had much rise in the price, though they are very abundant in muost of the northeru counties.

The prices of both fat and lean stock keep pretty steady.-In Smithfield Market, Beef fetches from 3s. 8d. to 4s. 10d. per ftone of 8lb. ; Mutton, from 4s. to 4s. 10d. ; Pork, from 4s. 8d. to 6s. 4d.

In Smithfield Market, Hay fetches from 51. 5s. to 6l. 68, per load ; Clover, from 71.78. to 71. 15s.; and Straw, from 11. 10s. to 1h. 163.


METEOROLOGICAL REPORT. (Ibservations on the State of the Weather, from the 24th of December 1808, to the 24th of Junuary, 1809, inclusive, Four Miles N:N.W. of St. Paul's. Barometer.

Thermometer Highest, 29 74. Jan. 22. Wind N.W.

Highest, 44o. Jan. 10. Wind W. Lowest, 28.20. Jan. 8. Wind variable. Lowest, 17° Jan. 18. Wind E.

On the 8th the 'glass was

On the 13th at noon Greatest 7.tenths low as 28.2 but at


the thermometer was variation in

the same hour on
variation in

39 and on the 14th it 24 hours the

was no higher than risen to 28.9.




of an inch

9th it had 24 hours.

*The quantity of rain fallen this month is equal to 4.2 inches in depth. Rainy as the month has been, the most striking and important feature is that of snow. We are apt undoubtedly to forget the events of past years, and on that account we cannot compare what is present wi'h what is gone by, so accurately as could be withed, or we might be inclined to affirm that lo uruch (now has not fallen in any winter these fifteen years, near the metro. polis, as we have experienced during the last five weeks. Once in the month the frost was 1o severe as nearly io cover the Thames with ice. It then began to thaw, and the effects of the frost and fnow fubfided very gradually: but the fall of Inow from the 20th to the 23d was by much the greatest, and the thaw came on in the morning of the 24th and con.. tinued during the whole of that and the following day fo rapid as to occasion between this place (Highgate) and town very remarkable floods. In several parts of St. Pancras, carts have plyed the whole of this day (25th) to carry passengers from one place to another. We fear the thaw, which has been accompanied with rain, must be productive of much serious injury in many parts of the country.

We have observed above that the greatest variation in the thermometer in any one space of 24 hours is 90. This is the cafe fupposing the observations to be made at ftated hours ; bat a much more remarkable variation happened between the evening of the 22d and morning of the 23d. On Sunday morning the 22d the thermometer was 289, Inow fell the whole day, but the temperature gradually increased, and about ten at night it rained, and the mercory was at 35°, but at six or seven o'clock on the 23d it had tallen to 180 inaking a difference of 17° in the course of a single night of eight hours.

The average temperature for the month is equal to 33° 13 which is lower than it has been for seven years for the same month: and the mean height of the barometer iş 29.3 nearly, which must be regarded as very low

The wind has blown chiefly from the Easterly quarters. Only four days in the thirtyone can be reckoned brilliant, on 15 there has been rain often in larger quaythies, and on eight there has been snow.

Astronomical Anticipations. The moon will be in conjunction with the Sun in the afternoon of the 14th at 59 minutes part one. On the evening of the 27th will happen an occultation of the 10 of the crab, of the fourth magnitude, by the Moon. The innerfion will be at 4 minutes past nine, apparent time, or at 27{ minutes past eight, clock time; and the emerfion at 144 minutes past nine, apparent time, or at 27 minutes past nine, clock-time The disappearance of the star will be at that part of the confines of the Moon's unenlightened duk which is 54 minutes to the north of her centre; and its re-appearance at the bright edge of the Moon, 7 minutes to the north of her centre. On the oil at 30m. 545. past fix, evening, will happen an emersion of Jupiter's fint fatellite, the only one that will be vifisle to Great Britain before the 13th of next O&tober. A viâble immersion of this satellite will not take place before the end of next July. There will not be a visible immertion of the second satellite before the 23d of next June ; nor a vilible emersion before the 15th of nex? October. A visible immerfion of the third satellite will not happen before the 14th of next June; nor a vifible emerfion before the 271b of next July. The first visible innerlion and'enerion of the fonrth fatellite will not take place before the night of Feb. 23, 1812. Mercury may be sees, if the weather be favourable, about twenty days; that is, ten days before and len days after the time of his greateit elongation which takes place on the i7th. On account of this planet being in his perihelion on the day of his greateft elongation, the angle that be then makes with the sun will be only 18° C, which is almost the leaft posible. Note withstanding this circunstance, he will let that day not lets than 1h 40m. after the Sun, · because that part of the Zodiac that he will then be in hears to grant an angle with tiae ho. rizon. He sets on the 7th 1h. 1612. on the 19th 2b. 47m. and we the 27th le 13m. after the Sun. Venus will be an evening-star for the month. On the 1ft. her elongation from the Son will be 42° 28', and on the 28th 46° 38'. As seen through a telescope, her gibbous appearance, which on the 1st of the wonth will be the same with that of the Moon when the is within 22 degrees of her last quarter, by the end of the month will have increafed so as to resemble the Moon about fifteen hours hefore the arrives at her last quadraturę. Notwithstanding this constant diminution of illumination as it respects her diłk, her luftre will be conftantly increasing on account of her rapid approach to the earth enlarging her apparent diameter. On the 18th she comes into conjunction with the e of the Fishes, of the fourth magnitude, when their difference of latitude will be 22 minutes, the star being to the north. Mars may ftill be seen in the morning. Through the month he will rapidly increase in his apparent magnitude, his gibbous appearance and distance from the Earth contantly decrealing. On the evening of the 11t he rises at eleven o'clock, and on the evening of the 28th at 39 minutes part ninc. Jupiter may be seen every favourable evening in the west, soon after sun-set, but with some difficulty towards the end of the month on account of his then being within a few degrees of his conjunction with the Sun. Saturn will be up in the mornings several hours before fun-rise.' On the 1st the difference of longitude of this planet an, the Scorpion's heart, a star of the first magnitude, will be 4° 32', and of latitude 6° 31', and on the 28th the difference of longitude will be 3. 22', and of fatitnde 6° 36'. It must be observed that in both cases the star is more advanced in longitude, and to the south of the planet. The Georgium Sidus will be ftill a morningftar. On the morning of the 1st he rises at eighteen minutes before one ; on the evening of the 14th at 47 minutes paít eleven ; and on the evening of the 28th at 53 minutes past

His nearest approach to the a, in the south scale of the balance this month will be on the 13th, when their difference of longitude will be 2° 45', and of latitude leven minutes. During this month that very remarkable star, the B in the constellation of Perseus, otherwife named Medusa's head, may be observed several times to increase and decrease in brightness. At its full fplendour it is a bright star of the fecond magnitude, nearly equal to the a in the same constellation ; but in the space of about four hours it gradually decreases to a star of the fourth magnitude, and afterwards in the same space of time as gradually recovers its light, which it retains about two days and a half, and then begins to lose its light, and afterwards to recover it, as before. The times of its least brightness which will be vifible to Great Britain are the following: the 1st, at six, evening; the 13th, at a quarter past five, morning; the 16th, at a quarter past two, morning ; the 18th, at eleven, night; and the 21st, at half past seven, evening. If four hours be subtracted from the above times it will fhow the beginning of the decrease of the star's light; but if four hours be added, the sum will be the time of the end of the phenomenon. But of all the variable stars whose period of light is known, there is none whose brightness at one time is so strikingly contrasted with its brightness at another time, as that very remarkable star in the Whale's neck, named o by Bayer. It is sometimes to bright as to surpass either the a or B in the same constellation, which are stars of the second magnitude, and at other times it is as faint as a telescopic star of the tenth magnitude. It is now (Jan.) equal in brightness to the ce of the Fishes, of the third magnitude, and is expected to arrive at its greatest lustre in the month of March.

Errata in the Astronomical Anticipations for January-Line 10, for “24 minutes” read 25 minutes. Ditto, for “more than" read more north than. Line 11, for “ 54 minutes” read 57{ minutes.


To Correspondents We had determined to print the Answers to COMMON SENSE on the subject of Popular Remedies in our Supplement, but, on examination, they proved fo few in Number that we shall prefer to give them place among other correspondence in an early Magazine.

The Purchasers of the Monthly Magazine have long paid it the compliment of considering it as the cheapest work extant, and the Poprietor having been gratified at having it viewed in that light, it becomes a very painful duty to him to be under the necessity of giving notice of an unavoidable advance in its price.

When, however, it is stated that Paper has risen within the last twelre months upwards of 20 per cent, and that all the expences attending the production of such a work have risen in a similar ratio within the last three

be conceived that the public at large will be satisfied of the reasonableness und necessity of the advance of this, and the other principal Magazines, from ONE SHILLING and SixPENCE TO TWO SHILLINGS.


it inay



No. 182.]

MARCH 1, 1809.

[2 of VOL. 27.

" As long as those who write are ambitious of making Converts, and of giving to their Opinions a Maximum of

“ Influence and Celebrity, the moft extenfively circulated Miscellany will repay with the greatelt Effect the. " Curiosity of those who read either for Amusement or Ihdruction." JOHNSON,

his escape.


For the Monthly Magazine.

one of his Catholic Majesty's subjects; An account of the sufferings of the they were then asked to describe thie crew of two schooners, part of the in their own country; which having done,

manner in which oaths are administered SQUADRON of GENERAL NIRANDA, which were taken by two SPANISH

they were requested to lay their hands GUARDA-COSTAS, in fune, 1806; writ- upon the Bible and administer the waths ten by one of the SUFFERERS who mude

to themselves, agreeably to the inanner

in which they had been accustomed tu [The world knows little of the extraordinary The five prisoners were thus distriexpedition of General Miranda, to the

buted, one to each judge, seated at his Spanish Main, in 1806; but it will be remembered that he arrived in the Gulf of respective desk, all being in one room, Mexico with an armed Brig, and two

and soine little distance from each other. Schooners, and that in a rencontre with

In the middle of the foor, lay a numtwo Guarda-Costas, the Schooners were her of arms, and instruments of war, such both taken. We are now enabled to lay as guns, rifles, axes, pistols, pikes, sivords, before our readers, the particulars of the and shovels; also, Miranda's colours, treatment their crews met with from the uniform clothes, and a number of his Spaniards. The trials tend also to throw proclamations; all which were taken froin sonie light on the expedition itself.] on board of the schooners. the of

The judges commenced their exami

nation by their interpreters, who put the accompanied by four assistant officers or

questions in English, and gave the anjudges, together with an interpreter for

swers to the judges; they continued to each officer, arrived at Porto Cavello, examine them for the space of four or for the purpose of taking the examina- five hours, when they were returned to tion of the prisoners. They assembled the prison and five others brought up in in the guard-house, within the walls of their places. In this manner the exaCastle St. Philip, in a large room fitted mination proceeded for the space of trvo up for that purpose; in this room were

weeks before it ended, placed five separate benchies with desks;

The following were the general quesat one of which was seated the lieute- tions and answers, put to one of the prinant-governor, with an interpreter; at

soners, who has since rogained his lio the other four, each of the other judges,


Q: How old are you? with an interpreter also.

A. About twenty-two years. The ordinary appearance of the place,

l. Where was you born, and where do together with the undignified looks of the

your parents reside? judges, could scarcely induce the pri- A. I was born in the state of Massachusetts; soners to beliere, that this was the tri- my parents reside in New York. bunal before which they were to be tried L. Why did you leave New-York? for their lives. Nor were they a little A. To seek my fortune. surprised, when they ascertained by the Q. Who engaged you to go on board of the course of the proceedings, that they were

Leander? to be compelled to give eviderce, under

A. Colonel Armstrong. oath, against themselves, and against

Q. Where was you engaged to go? each other; and upon this testimony places, not disclosed to me at the time of the

A. To Jacmel, and from there to other alone they were to be convicted. The judges being ready to proceed,


Q. Did you know that you was coming caused five of the prisoners to be brought here? up in the first place. They were informed A. No. Porto Cavello was not mentioned. of the charges exhibired against them, Q. Did Miranda also engage you to go on viz. piracy, rebellion, and of murdering board of the Leander? Murtuly Mao, No. 182.


A. I did


A. I did not know there was such a person 4. Yes, and this may be one of them, but until the Leander had left the port of New. I did not know the purport of it, as I am ig., York.

norant of the Spanish language. R. In what capacity did you enter on board Do you know what that word means ? of the Leander?

(pointing to the word, Madrid.) A. As a printer.

A. It means, I presume, the capital of 2. How came you to change that capacity, Old Spain. and accept of a military conimission under Q. Is that all you know of it here? Miranda?

A. Yes, A. From motives of personal convenience. Q: Do you know those articles ? (pointing

2. Was you not a lieuienant in a rifle to the wur-like instruments lying upon the regiment, under Miranda, as mentioned in floor.), this paper, (showing him a list of officer's com. A. I have seen the like before, perhaps the missioned by Miranda, and wbich was found in the possession of one of the officers.)

Q. Did not those persons who went on A. Yes, but did not know then that I was shore, go there for the purpose of distributing coming to this place.

thage proclamations? Q. At what place did you stop on your A. No, they went for amusement. voyage?

Q. Is not that your regimental coat? A. At St. Domingo, and the Island of A. I do not know ; it may be the cout that Aruba.

I was obliged to wear. 2. Did you not go on shore at. A ruba in

Q. Did you understand that Miranda fitted, uniform, in company with other officers, and out his expedition by the consent of your did you not manauvre' there for the purpose government? of making an attack upon the Main ?

A. No, he kept his object and operations A. We manæuvred there, for the pur- concealed from the public. It wus a private pose of making an attack upon some place, undertaking of his own. which Miranda had in view; but what place, Q. Were not the principal persons who many of his men did not know.

embarked in Miranda's expedition, bankrupts & Did you not come to the Main for the and broken merchants ? purpose of assisting Miranda: in figh'ing A. I was not acquain*ed with their ciragainst this government, and in revolution- cumstances; there might be some of this deizing the country?

scription. A. It was represented by Miranda, that no A number of other questions were put, fighting would be necessary to effect the ob. and answered, but being of a trifling naject, (whatever it was) he had in view. e. What was the real object of Miranda, bere inserted.

ture, comparatively speaking, ale in coming to the Mainy? A. I do not know; but understood it was

After they had finished examining the to better the condition of the Spanish people. prisoner; lie was then told by bis judge,

that if he would relate every thing he & Do you know the names of any persons here, who were expected would join knew relating to the expedition, the Miranda?

names of those who were concerned in A. I do not.

it, and those that were expected would Q. Were there any private signals made to join Miranda, lis chains should be taken you from the shore, by any persons residing vit, and he set at liberty, and sent home here?

to America. To which he answered, A. I saw none.

that be hart disclosed all be knew of conQ. Was the Leander boarded on her voy- sequence, or particularly recollecteil. age by any English vessel? A. Yes, the Cleopatra.

The following were questions put to Q. Was there any private conversation another prisoner, who has also eifccted between the commander and Miranda?

his return home. A. Yes, but what the purport ut it was I Q. What religion are you of? do not know,

A. The presbyterian persuasion. Q. Did Miranda go on board of her and stay Q. Where was you born and brought up? several hours?

A. In New-York. A. He dis, he stopped one night on board. & Who engaged you to embirk in Mi

Q. Was the Leander armed, and loaded randa's expedition ? witn arms and war-like stores?

A. One John Fink, of New York, butcher. A. Yes.

Q Did you know Miranda, in New-York? & How many stand of armıs had she on A. No, I did not know him u.til was board?

six days at sea. A. About twelve hundred.

2. Where was you engaged to go? Q. Did you not erect a printing press at A. I was engaged to go, in the first place, Jacmel, and print a number of proclamations, to Alexandria, where i was to land, from and is not this one of them? (sberving him thence I was to march to Washington, where one of the proclamations, in the Spaniab lan- I was to be equipped with a horse, saddle, guage.)

and bridle, and in company with other per



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