to be.

A. I do not.

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sons, I was to march to New Orleans to guard to just be able to walk. They were then the mail,

ordered to march forward, which they Q. Was Miranda's expedition sanctioned did, though slowly as their ancles were by your government?

still in irons. In this situation they were A. I do not know, I did not know there inarclied into a yarı, walled round, and was such an expedition as it afterwards proved ordered upon their knees; fronted by Q. Do you know the names of any Spa- muskers still aimed at them and ready to

the soldiers at a little distance wiid their niards liere, whom Miranda relied upon fire. Every inoment the word fire was joining him?

expected. Q. Was you not occupied in Jacmel, in Shortly appeared the interpreter, acpurting handles to pikes ?

companied with one or two officers, and A. Yes, I was obliged to do it.

two or three Ronan catholic priests. Q. Did you not bring those axes (pointing to The tvilowing persons being callesi, soine on obe floor) for the purpose of cutting Francis F.vsquarson,

Daniel Kemper,
off our hea's, and those shovels itu bury us? Charles Jonnsu.,

John Ferris,
A. I dever knew what use was to be made Miles L. Hall, James Gardner,
of them.

Thomas Billopp,

Thomas Donohue, Q. Do not you think you deserve hanging? Gustavus A. Bergud, Paul T. George.

A. No, what I did I was obliged to do, The interprcter then read to them, contrary to my will.

from a paper which he held in his band, Q. Do not you think you vught rather to the following sentence: die than he compelled to commit a crime? A. No, I have always understood that o'clock, you and each of you are sen

“ In the morning of to-morrow,

at six self-preservation was the first law of n.uture.

Q. Why did you not all rise and take tenced to be hung by the neck uvel command of the schooner, aiter you disco dead; after which your licads are to be yered ber intention?

severed from your bodies and placed A. We did attempt it once, but failed; we upon poles and distributed in public had agreed to attempt a second time, co the parts of the country.' evening of that day we were taken.

The following persons were then called After the examination of all the pri- and sentenced to ten years imprisonment, soners was gone through, they were again at hard labour, in the castle of (inoa, brought up ine second time, when similar (near the Bay of Ilonduras) and after questions were put to them as before, that time, to await the king's pleasure. and similar answers made.

Join T. O'Sullivan, Henry Ingersoil,
The examinations were then taken by

Jeremiah Powell, Thomas Gill,
the lieutenant-rovernor and judges, to David Heckle & son, yun Hays,

John H. Sherman, Jolin E-Isall, Caraccas, where (as was underswood) John Moore, Daniel MóKay, they were laid betine a military court, John M. Elliott, Bennett B. Vegus, assembled for the purpose of pronouncing Robirt Saunders, Peter Naulty. judgments. They remained under their

The following persons were sentenced consideration for several days, beture to the same punishment, for the same any thing was determined upon.

length of time, at the castie of Porto During which time the pris:ners re- Rico. mained in continement, suffering alınost Wm W Lippincott, Stephen Burtis, Every deprivajion, and reflecting upon Moses Smith, John Burk, what would be their doom. Sume were Marchew Buchanan, Phineas Raymond, entirely indifferent, and were willing to

Alex. Buchanan, Joseph Bennett, mect death, rather than endure incir John Parsells,

Eaton Burlingham, situations. Enaciates, sick, ami obliged David Winton, James Grant,

Frederick Riggus. 20 endure filth, bas air and unwholesome John Scoti, foud, inany were tired of life.

Aud the following persons were senOn the 20th of July, about eleven tenced to the same punishment, at the o'clock in the morning, the prison doors castle of Bacca Chica, in Carthagena, were thrown open, which presented to

except their terms of servitude were eight

years instead of ten. our view a large body of armed soldiers,

William Long, William Cartwright, drawn up round the prison door with

Benjamin Davis, muskets aimed towards us, loaded, cocked

Samuel Touzier,

William Burnside, and bayonets fixed; all expecied instant Joseph L. Heckle,

Henry Sperry, Abraham Head, death. However, we rere ordered out, Robert Steavison, James Hyatt, and placed in a line for marching; the Benjamin Nicholson, William Pride, soldiers on each side with their muskets Samuel Price, Pompey Grant, pointed towards us. There was little Elery King,

George Ferguson, danger of the prisoners escaping, being Hugh Smith, Robert Rains. iu irojis, and so weak and einaciated as Danisl Newbury,


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Those persons who were sentenced to Whence it appeared that they could scOmoa, were principally officers and non- parate their bodies, if they could not commissioned officers, under Miranda, their souls afterwards. About half way Those sentenced to Porto-Rico, were up the middle post were placed Mirangenerally privates and mechanics, and da's colours; underneaia thein Jay the those sentenced to Bocca Chica, were instruments of war, taken from the generally seamen.

schooners, together with the military On the morning of the 21st of July, coats, hats, and feathers, of the officers. about six o'clock, the prisoners were After the procession reached the gal alarmed by the noise of an assem. lows, those to be executed, were taken blage of Spanish soldiers at the door in the front, the other prisoners were of the prison; when presently the drawn up in the rear, so as to be in front door was thrown open, and discovered of each other as they ascended the steps. to their view about three hundred soldiers, Immediately round the prisoners were with muskets loaded, bayonets fixed, and drawn up two or three companies of uniarrayed in two lines on the right and left form soldiers, principally Old-Spainers; of the prison door, facing inwards, and in the rear of those were several compa in a position of charged bayonets. nies of inilitia, the greater part of whom

The prisoners, after being ordered to were natives of the country. At a little put on what clothes they had (which distance in the rear of these, were drawu were nothing more than a piece of a up several companies of artillery; and shirt, and a pair of ragged pantaloons; along the shore of the town of Porto Casome had not even those articles) they vello, were stationed a number of comwere lashed two together by the elbows, panies of cavalry. From this extensive and placed in a line, between the solo military force, brought to attend the exdiers, for marching. The ten prisonersecution, some concluded that an oppnto be executed, were then brought outsition was feared from persons friendly and with their hands lashed fast before, disposed to Miranda, but nothing of that and with white robes on, that extended kind was inanifested. froin the lower part of their necks to their Being ready to proceed to the execuheels, and a white cap upon their heads, tion, the prisoners awaited their face were placed in front; in front of them, with a composture of mind that sceined to were placed the three catholic prisoners, evince a reconciled conscience. Not the attended with three priests, carrying in least intimidated, they discovered a firmtheir hands the holy cross, and accom- ness and resolution indicative of soldiers. panied with attendants carrying the sa- Mr. Farquarson being first selected to crament, wax candles and other Imple- meet his fate, was led to the steps of the znents of the church. In this situation gallows, by a negro slave, who acted as the prisoners, with their irons upon their the jack-ketch of the day, and for which feet, marched slowly along between the he was promised liis liberty; his irons lines of soldiers, out of the walls of the were then knocked off, and he led up to castle, to the gallows.

the top of the scaffold, where he was Castle St. Philip is situated upon a seated, fronting his fellow-prisoners; the large level space of ground, in the har. ropes* being placed round bis neck, he bour of Porto Cavello, and separated rose upon his feel and took a final fare. from the town by a narrow arm of well of his companions, wishing them a water. The walls are nearly a quarter better fate. The


him of a mile in circumference; about four- push from the top of the scalfold, and teen feet high, and about thirteen feet launched him into eternity. Immedithick, forming also the outward walls of ately the negro let himself down upon the prison; mounted with about fifty the ropes, and seating himself upon the .pieces of large metal. Outside of the shoulders, with his feet hanging upon the walls, and fronting the town, is a large breast, beat the breath out of the body area, for the purpose of exercising the with his heels; then juniping down, soldiers, &c. upon this spot the gallows canght the body by the feet, and pulled were erected, being about forty rods it towards one end of the gallows to from the prison,

make room for another. The gallows were about twenty feet In the same inanner they proceeded to long and fifteen feet high, and separated in the middle by a post, making two di. * The Spaniards use two ropes in their visions and two pair of steps, one for the manner of hanging: one something smaller Roman Catholic prisoners, as directed by than the other, and a few inches shorter, the priests, and the other for the presby, which serves to break the neck, while the çerians, or liçreties as they were called. other sustains the weight of the body.


negro then


execute Mr. Billopp, Kemper, Bergud, limbs, which piercing through the flesh, Hall, Johnson, and Ferris; after which presented a shocking sight to their surthey proceeded in a like manner to ex. viving countrymen, Each body was then ecute the three Ronan Catholic prison- taken, and laid upon a bench, with the ers, Gardner, Donohue, and George, who head upon a block; the neyro with a were constantly atteuded by their priests; chopping knife, cut the heads from their they were taken to the other part of slıoulders, and taking thein by the hair, the gallows, where they again received held them up, bleeding, to the view of the the sacrament, each one was accompa- spectators. The rest were served in the nied to the top of the steps by his priest. same manner.

All of them, except one, had a few After this scene of blood was finished, words tu address to their companions, by Miranda's colours were cut down and the way of taking leave of them. Ber- triumphantly carried at a little distance gud, a native of Poland, and a brave fol- from the gallows, where were placed in low, evinced a great contempt of death. one pile, the unitorin coats and bats of After the ropes were round his neck, he the officers, their commissions, arms, and observed, “Fellow prisoners, we have implements of war, together with Mi. all suffered much, but my sufferings will randa's proclamations; upon this pile the soon end. I die innocent, and relief colours were placed, then set fire to and will come from that source (pointing to burnt to ashes. Miranda's colours); Miranda's arms will Their heads afterwards were taken, rid you of your chains, and triumph over agreeably to the sentence, and distributed your oppressors.

When that shall hap- to the different adjacent public places, pen, remember to avenge my death;" Three were put up at Laguira, tivo de then, without waiting for the executioner, Caraccas, two at Occumanus, two at Vahe jumped from the scatfuld, and -ended lentia, and one at Porto Cavello. They his existence at once.

were put into iron cages, prepared for Mr. Dorohue, after his priest had left that purpose, placed upon poles, which him, observed, " Fellow prisoners, I wish were erected in conspicuous places, so as > you a final adieu; (then pointing towards to strike the attention of the people.

the Spaniards) these blood-hounds will This horrid scene of death and butchpay ten-fold for this ere long."

ery being over, after having lasted from Every one evinced a similar firmness six o'clock in the inorning, till about one of inind, and met their fate with an o'clock in the afternoon, the remainder unchanged countenance, except Mr. of the prisoners, with breavy hearts, were George, * a young man, and the last one returned to their respective prisons, there executed; who, instead of acquiring re- to remain until the Spaniards were ready solution, by the examples of intrepidity, to transport them to their respective which had been set him by his compa

places of servitude. nions, was disheartened by the shocking After witnessing the execution of their sight which was left after lite was ex- ten companions, the prisoners remained tinguished. He sunk under the weighty in confinement without any alteration of thought of encountering an unknown their condition, except from the heat of eternity; he fainted just as he was about the weather, and the weight of their tu ascend the steps; after some exertion irons, their sufferings were more insuphe was brought to his recollection, and portable than they had been.

They taken imniediately to the top of the anxiously wished for the day when they scaffold, the ropes put round his neck, were to be taken out for the purpose of and he swung off without saying a word. being removed to their respective places

After they were all hung, the execu- of servitude, inasmuch as they cherished tioner began at the first one, cut the ropes a hope, that some auspicious circumand let him drop to the ground, and stance might favour an escape. The expassed on in the same manner through pected period arrived on the 7th of Auilie whole. The fall, being some distance gust, when they were all examined, their from the ground, broke many of their irons inspected, and more firmly rivetted

upon them; and about four o'clock, P.M. This young man was by birth a Portu- taken out and carried on board of an guese, hiç left a wealthy and miserly parent, arned merchant ship, (the Prince of in

consequence of being too severely restricted in pecuniary indulgence, and came to New- Peace) of ten guns, for the purpose of York. After spending some time in a state being conveyed to Carthagena, an ex. of idleness, and being short of money, he

tensive Spanish sea-port town, situated embarked in Miranda's expedition, flushed

on the Main, and about three bundrert with the idea of making a fortune at one leagues from Porto Cavello. At the strok:.

mouth of the harbour of this place, is


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situated Bocca Chica, whither a portion lief. They arrived in Carthayena on the sit the prisoners had been sentenced. 17th of August 1800, after a voyage often At this place the remainder were to re- days. mail), until they could be conveniently On the next day they were all taken out wansported to their destined places. aud marched up through the gate of the

The prisonors were all piaced between walls of the town, and through the town ele decks, and guarded by about filty to the prison, ready to receive them. The soldiers, placed on board, exclusive of sorrowtul appearance the prisoners inade the ship's crew, for that purpose. In in marching along in their irons throug consequence of this guard, it was ex- the town (about 11 in number) not having tremely difficult to put in execution any any thing upon their heads, but exposed effectual plan for the purpose of regain- to the bot sun-without any thing upon ing their liberty, notwithstanding the ex- their feet, and in rays, drew turth a mulcreme indolence of the soldiers, who citude of Spaniards to behold them. Surspent

tlie greater part of their time either rounded witli men, women, and children, pleeping or smoaking. Several schemes it was with dilticulty they could make mere concerted, and all frustrated; pre- bead-way through them. The shabby apparations were inade at one time for rid

pearance of the majority of the inbabiding themselves of their irons, which was tants, shewed, that the prisoners were to be effected during the night; when not entirely out of fashion in their tatlered ebey were to rise upon the guard, take 'dress. cominand of the vessel, and carry her After arriving at the place of confineinto some port where they nright escape. ment, they were separated and put into Had this bold attempt been under- three different rooms or holes, alınost des taken without success, several lives, no titute of the light of the sun-cut off from doubt, would have been lost. Their si- the circulation of the air-hot, filthy, and tuation was desperate; and desperate without any thing to rest their heads upom means were necessary to be attempted. but the bare ground. Whilst reflecting Just before the appointed time arrived, upon these sorrowful regions of despair, they were surprised to see the number they were comforted by the information of the guard about their persons in- from their keeper, that these were only creased, themselves examined, and their temporary places of confinement until irons thoroughly inspected. This excited another one was fitted up. a suspicion, that some one of their pum- The prisen which was ber, whose heart failed him, bad betrayed to receive the prisoners was adjacent tbein.

to, and formed a part of the walls Two or three at a time had been pers of the town, or the walls of the town mitted to go upon deck, during the day formed the back walls of the prison—the tiine, and remain an hour or two in the front facing in upon the town. The walls fresh air. These indulgences were attri- were made of stone and lime, about 12 ur buted to the fear of the commander, of 13 feet thick-the rooms orcells, in which being captured by some English vessel the prisoners were to be confined, were with whom they might fall in with during about 90 feet long and about 30 widetheir voyage, when their severe treatment there were no windows or holes to let in spight be retaliated.

light, except through the gratings of the The prisoners, finding they had failed duor, where the guard was placed--a few än one schenc, had recourse to another. small air holes led through the back of the It was proposcd and agreed to, that in prison : and centineis were placed upon case they should not happen to fall into the top of the prison walls. 'The floor of the hands of the English, before they the prison was made of bricks, which forshould reach Cartagena, one of them, med the only pillows the prisoners had to at a time to be agreed upon, should lay their lieads upou. To this pris:n all descend into the magazine room, and by were removed after remaining several means of a lighted segar, set fire to the days in their temporary places of confine powiler, and put an end, at once, to their ment, except those who were sentenced suit:rings, by blowing themselves and the tu labour at Bocca Chica; they were taken Sessel out of existence. This scheme met ont and commenced their terin of servis with the same ill success as the former. tude, of which mention will be made af.

They were now arrived in sight of Car- terwards. This prison, although of a sithigena, and all hopes of being captured milar make to the first, they were happy or of escape were gone-just as they were to find, afforded them inore room, more mrking the port, an English frigate bove in air, and more light. bigtit, and in full chase after thembut They were now reduced to the number sliu was too late—an uncommon fatality of twenty-eight, who were all confined in sei med to attend all their prospects of re- one apartment; their irons were examined

fitted up


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and more strongly rivetted upon them. thagena; their irons were taken offaman Those irons consisted of two heavy clevi- iron band put round each of their aucles, ses which were placed round the ancles, with a staple in it, by which two persous. at the ends of which were holes, and were chained together, with a large exthrough these ran an iron bolt, fastening chain about 20 feet long, and weighing them upon the ancles and joining one an- fifty or eighty pounds--ihey were then pus cle will the other, at about six inches to labour with the common criminal couapart, just enabling them to liinp along, vict slaves of the place. Their labour conby bitching one foot before the other. - sists principally in digging, fetching and These irons weighied about 20 or 25 carrying large stones and sand, for the purpounds weight. At first their ancies be- pose of building fortifications, &c.--this came so yalied by them, which continu- they do upon a band-barrow.--After they, ally fretted the flesh whenever they at- get their load upon the hand-barrow, they seinpted to exercise, that it was with dif. .place upon it their chains, which would ficulty they could walk about the floor of otherwise drag upon the ground, and pivethe prison. At length having grown lank ceed to carry it wherever it may be and shin hy the loss of flesh, they were wanted. enabled to raise the irons almont up to When they were let out to labour, be, their knees, and by means of strings tied ing almost naked, the scorching sun was to the bolts and round their necks, kept so powerful, as to raise blisters upon

the shein in that situation, by which they were parts exposed to the beat the iniddle of Ipuch relieved in walking.

the day was almost insupportable, many Their keeper was an Old-Spainer, and would faint and fall under the load they a sergeant of the guards. He was in- were compelled to carry this, instead of trusted with the superintendence of allthe exciting pity, would only bring upon theme prisoners in continennent. He kept a kind the lash of the negro slave-lriver, who of provision shop, near the prison, and attended thein, At first they sluiered. was the purveyor of the prisoners, and much for want of hats; these they pracusupplied them, in behalf of the govern- red out of the inoney which was allowed ment, willi tood. The prisoners were ser- them to live upvo-he large straw hats ved cwice a day, with a sort of fire, con. were of great service in screening much & sisting of boiled plantains, rice and water, their bodies from the sun. After labourand soinctimes a small piece of fish-about, ing in this inanner for some time, they que pint of this pottaye was served out to became more accustomed to the climategie each, in the forepart of the day; and to their skins were soon tanned from white wards evening the same repeated. In te brown, and the heat became more eur some seasons of the year, when vegeta- durable. They are called up in the morta bles and food were not so plenty, they ing by their drivers, at day light, and put were scanted 10 a little rice and water, or co work. At noon and wight they are perm a boiled plantain or two, scarcely suflici- mitted to eat whatever they can procure. kot to support nature. Their allowance with their scanty pittance-at night they was eighteen pence per day; this was paid are locked up in a prison, where they ress, to the old sergeant, who for one shilling till morning. They passed and le-passed a piece, supplied them with those two the prisou where their fellow countrymen meals a day; and the surplus six peuce he were confined, but were not permitted to paid them. This money they either lain have my access to them. Whenever ang out in buying more food, or some kind of one was sick, he was sent to the slaves corering for their bodies, or laid it up till hospital, where be remained till bis healeta times of sickness. After a while, they was recovered. In this manner they still were allowed the eiglateen pence in money, continue to wear out their searied lives, instead of food, with which they were to Soon after their imprisonment, severat support themselves.

were attacked with fevers, the flux, black In this situation they were to remain, as jaundice, and other disorders tbat prevail, they were told, until they could be re- during the sickly season. Their complaints moved to their places of labour. It was, were little attended to hy their keepers, no bowever, understood that they would not assistarice was offered them at first, they be removed during the war between Eng. were obliged to indure their sickness, lya land and Spain, as the harbour was con- ing upon the hard tiles of the prison Door. tinually blockaded by English vessels. At length one of the prisoners, by the

Those nineteen prisoners who were sen- name of John Burk, died; this excited tenced to the Castle Bucca Chica, (Little more attention to their complaints, and Alouth) which is situated at the mouth of shortly afterwards, they were indulped the harbour of Carthagena, were taken with the liberty of going to the bospital vuz and put to labous in the town of Care whenevcr they were unwell,


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