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To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. children and family from the succession. SIR,

History furnishes many examples of this. I

ACKNOWLEDGE the justice of When Pope Gregory the Ninth was en

Crito's remark in your last Number, deavouring to wrest the inperial crown on that passage in my little tale of“ Learn- fruin Frederic the Second, did he not of ing better than llouse and Land,” where fer it to a stranger, to the brother of St. I have described the Marine Rainbow. Louis? Did not Alexander the Sixth, by He rightly supposes that I never could a Bull, cated the 4th of May, 1492, give have meant to say, that every wave on the West Indies to Ferdinand, king of every side represented a rainbow; and Arrayon, and the East Indies to the that the omission to limit that phenome- Prince of Portugal? Did not Julius the non to a particular portion of the sca Second declare, that, by bis decree of was purely accidental. Some weeks excommunication against Louis the previous to the publication of his letter, Tweldib, the throne or France was be. I had myself noticed the omission, and come vacant, and that he granted it to pointed it out to the publisher of the any one who might be able to seize it? book, who, with a landable attention to Did not Sixtus the Fifth and Gregory the the interest of the juvenile reader, im- Fourteenth exert all their power and in. mediately ordered the leaf to be can fluence to deprive the House of Bourbon celled at his own expence.

As reprint- of its inheritance, and to transfer the ed, the passage now runs as follows: crown of France to the House of Guise ?

“ Innumerable small rainbows were Now as these pontifls arrogated to themseen at once starting up to view, and va- selves the right of giving sceptres to mishing, in rapid succession-all within whomsoever they pleased, might not a lunited space in the quarter opposed to these pretended distributers of crowns the sun--where the showery spray of have happened to cast their eyes on their each wave, as tossed from its curling top own relatives? And, when it is considered, by the wind, offered to the astonished that Gregory the Sixth was the son of a sight the momentary exhibition of a per- joiner, and many of his equally enterprisfect rainbow, though of diminished size." ing successors, had sprung from parents

Islington, Your's, &c. of the lowest condition, perhaps my reNoveniber 2, 1808.

J. CAREY. flection may not appear altogether ex

travagant, absurd, and ridiculous.”

Such has been the revolution in the To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine.' temporal power of Europe that these reTHEY who are acquainted with the France; and what was niere possibility

flections may, with justice, be applied to mily, and their connections, will know bas been reduced to a matter of fact how to apply the following remarks of within the limits of a few years. St. Fois, in the fifth volume of his “ Es

If you think this worth insertion in sais Historiques sur l'aris," p. 61. If we compare the papal power under Gregory give pleasure to

your very entertaining Miscellany, it will

Your's, &c. the Sevcuth with that of the Emperor of

HISTORICUS. the French, it will afford an illustration of Ilorace's dramatic remark:

To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. mutato nomine, de te

SIR, Fabula narratur.". « I have been led (says St. Foix) to

TIILE I contemplate the degree W!

of perfection to which the methink that it would not liave been very chanical arts have attained in this counsurprising, to see the different thrones of try, from the superior skili and ingenuity Europe tilled by journeymen tailors, of its artizans, I cannot help lamenting bakers, joiners, &c. This will, at first, that, among them, so very few shouki be appear to be a ridiculous, absurd, and found acquainted with even the 'rudiextravagant idea; but let is enter into ments of drawing; a competent knowan examination of the subject. Ilase lenye of which, is as essentially requisité not several of the popes pretended that to the mechanician as to the architect; they had a right to dispose of crowns in for the former would find himself equally whatever manner it seemed good to at a loss in attempting the construction them, and not only to depose the actual of a piece of mechanism, without being possessors, but even to exclude their able to draw the proportions of its com

ponent

SIR,

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ponent parts; as would the architect in To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine, beginning to build an elegant mansion

SIR, without, first, laying down his ground TOUR respectable and widely circuplan, and drawing a section and cleva lated Magazine, being justly ce!etion of his intended structure. That brated for its inpartiality, and being, we have mechanics possessing these qua- likewise, much to its honour, alınost the lifications, I am willing to allow; but only publication of merit, open to a cantheir numbers are comparatively small. did appeal against the misrepresentations Yet, under these disadvantages, we are of ignorant and illiberal criticism, you distinguished for our mechanical inren- will, I am confident, with pleasure allow tions; but I am confident we should an old correspondent to introduce a few rise still higher in the scale of pre-emi- remarks on the egregious blundering and Tience, if the art of drawing were made puerile reasoning displayed by the “Brian indispensable branch of the education, tish Critic for fast December," in the of every person intended for a mechani- review of a work entitled, “ Institutes of cal profession. Then our manufacturers Latin Grammar.” While pedanty, dullwould be enabled, in a superior degree, ness, venality, and absurdity, have been, 10 unite elegance of design with uti- without sufficient discrimination, and, lity; and diffuse a tasteful variety over often, from improper motives, attributed the works of art; many of which, at pre lo most of our periodical reviews, it is sent, offend the eye of the classical critic allowed by the learned, that, for party by their clumsy disproportion, and un- spirit, personal invectives, the unwarrantmeaning ponderosity. From these con- able application of illiberal epithets*, fasiderations I am led to wish an institu- voritism, shallow reasoning, and ignorance tion, in this country, similar to the Gra- even of the plainest principles of the English tuitous School of Drawing in Paris, the language,f this review, unquestionably, importance of which, is noticed in Mr.

stands Ehnes's Account of the State of the Fine Arts in France, published in this Maga

* See an instance of this, successfully exzine for October last. An establishment posed in the Gentleman's Magazine for last like this, for teaching gratuitously a li- December, p. 1072. mited number of students, architectural

f The following grammatical errors and and mechanical drawing, mechanics, for last December, are a few out of the many

improprieties, taken from the Poritish Critic pneumatics, and chemistry, as far as is

with which almost every page of that work applicable to useful purposes, would be constantly teems:--- We feel grateful to an object of such vast importance in this the diligence and accuracy. which has brought country, as to render it a kind of national together, &c.” p. 631. " These are enough reproach to be without one. I regard to prove that he had not suficiently deter. the encouragement given to Mr. Lan- mined to what extent he should proceed on caster's new system of education, as a this point, and in some degree destroys the circumstance highly honourable to the uniformity and systematic arrangement which feelings of the public; because it exhi- is so conspicuous in every part of the work.” bits à triumph over thai narrow and p. 552. Alas! poor Priscian's head! “ selfish policy, which threatened it with it is therefore highly cruel to torture theme

,

unless to satisfy the mind of the patient; opposition, on the ground of calling into action an ungovernable portion of hu- fi, e. the patient) even to endangering their

, " p. 639. “ The preface annexed," man intellect.

p. 566, is something like a bull. In noticing an invention so extensively miitee printed and distributed no less [not useful, perhaps it will not be entirely fewer] than 51,432 books.” p. 600. irrelevant to the subject I have been universally (generally) read.” p. 695. Ant; treating of in this letter, to enquire, whe- upon the same principle, the following is ther it would not be practicable to teach objectionable ; " so sufficiently refuted.” p.640. drawing, as far as regards the outline, In the position of definitives, the British Crio upon the same principle, and by the same tic is scarcely ever correct; thus “ It is only means, as Mr. Lancaster teaches writing? instead of “ It is said to be only a dietionary

said to be a dictionary of gardening," p. 547, If it could be so taught (and, at present, of gardening,” or, if the last word is, excluI see no objection), I leave it to him to sively, to be limited, -" of gardening only." consider its importance'; particularly, in

“ We at least inight have been favoured witli the school he is now establishing in the the character of each genus.” p552. This town of Birmingham.

is a very presumptuous assertion; at least London,

Your's, &c. cannot be worse placed. " Yet we would February 9, 1809. E, LYDIATT neither detract from his fame nor his usefel

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stands unrivalled. This being the case, rily antecedent to pussion, But, accordit ought to be considered a fortunate cir- ing to the new plan, a part of the active cumstance for literature, that there does voice must be formed from the passive. exist one work, your own, possessing a Let the British Critic, however, be allowfar more extensive circulation, in which ed to state his reasons for the superior its jejune criticisms may be fairly and de- propriety of the new method." Johnservediy exposed. - In the article of the son's Grammatical Commentaries might Review, to which I have alluded, the cri- have shewn the author how few Latin tic betrays a flagrant ignorance of gram- verbs, comparatively, have ascertained mar and of grammars, for his knowledge and exemplified supines; and the Westdoes not appear to extend beyond Dr. minsterGraminar,which he often copies-Valpy's and the Westminster gramınar. . [this is not true), might have told him, So circumscribed an acquaintance with that they were more properly to be couthe language may, perhaps, suit the li- sidered as verbal nouns, of only two mited sphere of the British Critic; but, cases. in the judgment of the learned, it must Et verbalia in -um, -u, quæ vulgo dicta su. infallibly render, him a laughingstock to pina." British critics. Ilaving thus far spoken Whether the supine be a verbal noun in general terins, I shall now proceed to

or not, and whether it do or do not exist particular evideoce. 1st. The reviewer observes, that the be formed from it, are circumstances of

so often as the participles usually said to author of the work injudiciously retains the old doctrine, and forins the participle cal process of formation, for the conve

no consequence in regard to the mechani[of Latin verbs) from the supine, not the vience of which even an active voice is supine from the participle.” There is often supposed, as in forming deponents certainly more novelty than wisdom in and commons, the termination o being - this remark. The old doctrine as the properly deemed the root of both voices, reviewer terins it, is, I can venture to assert without the fear of contradiction, and intinitive, and all the other parts,

or the part whence the perfect, supine, almost the universal doctrine of the nation. If he had looked a little farther it is almost unnecessary to add, since

are formed immediately or mediately. into Dr. Valpy's grammar, which is one of the latest, he would have found that Dictionaries particularise the present,

every school-boy knows it, that Latin he also is so injudicious as to retain the the preterite, the supine, and the infiniold doctrine. The new doctrine is evi- tive, for no other reason, than that these dently productive of confusion, and con

are acknowledged as the primary parts trary to analogy.' It confounds the ac

of the verb. But, if the supine's being tive with the passive voice; for, whatever a verbal noun is to be regarded as a reamay be the origin of the supines, the first

son for not deeming it a primary part, we is commonly acknowledged to be active, must, upon the saine principle, exclude and the second, either active or passive, the infinitive also, which the critic does but generally the latter; whereas, the

not seein to know is nothing else but a perfect participle, although it may have verbal noun, nomen verbi. Nay, followoriginally had both an active and a pas, ing the reviewer's new doctrine, we must sive signification, is, generally, considered yet go further; we must exclude even to be passive. The reviewer seems also his favourite, the perfect participle; for to forget that the passive voice is itself what is this but a verbal noun? It is eviusually formed from the active; a mode dent, therefore, that, according to the which is certainly consonant with the principles of the British Critic, strictly nature of things, since action is necessa- followed, we shall be compelled to forma

all the parts from only the present and ness," p. 641, instead of ". We would de.

the preterite; but this is a mode, to tract neither from his fame nor his usefulness," or “ We would not detract eit ber from his which, I am inclined to think, that he

will gain but few proselytes. There are, fame or his usefulness." A stranger, a more

indeed, much uncertainty and obscurity confused, or a more inharmonious sentence than the following, never, I believe, came

in discussions relative to the origin and from the pen of a critic :-" It is evident

mature both of supines and yerands; enough that the author is not friendly to the and, were we to draw any practical inchurch; but for the rest we should suppose ference from Mr. R. Johnson's limited that he is indifferent to all sects, and thinks lists of supines, we should have to exthat the best way is for all to proceed at plea. clude, from the paradigms of our gramsure, reg?" she rest." p. 635. mars, the supines of amo, moneo, and rego,

fur

for these I have not been able to find in have a word or two more to say." What' the Commentaries. But what does the is Dr. Valpy's Grammar? Evidently a critic mean by the words terminating the compilation; a work in which there is preceding quotation ;—“That they were nut a single page of original matter. more properly to be considered as verbal Dr. Valpy has himself borrowed, both in nouns?” More properly than whut? Nei- prose and verse, without either acknowther the critic nor the author has either ledgment, or merited censure;. indeed, stated or hinted at any other mode of the notes to his syntax, which constitute considering them. Here, therefore, is the best part of the book, are nothing comparison without comparison. From but compilation. That gentleman, I am the reviewer's half-formed insinuation, confident, nerer intended his grammar aded by the line quoted from the West- to be considered as an original. And, minster Grammar, it might be supposed yet, the officious reviewer has the audathat the author had not considered them city, or the ignorance, to talk of taking as verbal neans; that such a charge is lines from this original.Indeed, it is false, any one may discover, who takes evident, that the reviewer has particularly the trouble of looking into the work, selected the name of Dr. Valpy, solely pp. 70, 238, 239, &c.

for the purpose of paying him a little aža: The chief, and indeed the only, end in tention, or of doing him an act of preview, in giving rules for the formation of tended justice, at the expence of the airthe lenses, is, to enable the scholar to thor. But this he has done in a manner derive from the four radical parts of the 50 bungling and impotent, as clearly verb all the rest of the verb. Now, let proves him utterly incapable of gratifyme ask the British Critic, what are the ing his wishes, either by benefiting an acfour radical parts as given in every dic- quaintance, or injuring a stranger. Alk. tionary: The present, the preterite, the injudicious friend is often the worst of supine, and the infinitive ; and the rules enemies. giten are to enable the scholar to form The last and not the least foolish all the tenses, &c. from them. This is charge, is, “the not having specified, in an easy and a natural procedure. “No, every instance, to whom the world was 20, (says the British Critic) this is the originally obliged for the information.”old-fashioned way-the supine must be.“ To what absurdities will the childista. formed from the participle.” In other speculations of the readers of black letwords, Mr. Editor, he is for teaching the ter lead us?” Such an antiquarian rescbolor to form the supine, already told search for authorities would have been hiin in his dictionary, from the participle, an arduous undertaking, indeed; since which is not told him at all. The pro- the same portions of information may be ductions of the British Critic abound in often found in one hundred different examples of the hysteron proteron; but grammars. What grammarian, er. gr. this is one of the finest samples of his I would ask the reviewer, was the origidexterity in this way, that he has ever nal author of the first concord ?- Who exbibited. Who can refrain from laugh- the original author of every part was, it ing at the idea of forming what is al- would, I suspect, "puzzle even the British ready known, from a thing which is not Critic to ascertain in every instance; known?

and, if he could effect wherein would The second charge made by the re consist the utility of his lahour? The viewer against the author, is, his not truth is, that most of the topics, usually acknowledging the taking, from a small introduced into Latin Grammars, have grammar by Dr. Valpy, a few verses long ceased, individually or separately respecting the gender of nouns. This is considered, to be known as personal proo truly a foolish objection, Dr. Valpy in- perty; -- they are generally regarded, troduces, in these lines, no new mode of chiefly as matters juris coinmunis. escertaining the genders. This is only So much for the grave puerilities and the correction of Lily's rules, which he is, by petulant cavils of the British Critic. No means, original in attempting; wit. That the work may have faults and inness, the Annotations of the Oxford perfections, the author has ingenuously Grammar, Johnson's Commentaries, Dr. confessed, at the same time, stating, that Whittenal's Grammar, &c. all of which he will gratefully avail bimself of every have anticipated the chief corrections judicious suggestion offered for its lite adopted by Dr. Valpy: “ But, with provement. But, after the reviewer has respect to compilation," you will allow (apparently, much against his will) belike also (to use the reviewer's words,)“ to stowed on it the epithets “ learned,"

“ laborious,"

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A edition if the process Typographi Bridge-street

.

« laborious," " elaborate;" after he has tween the Sessions House and Prince's.
declared that “it brings together a large street. The intended improvements are
quantity of useful information from a proposed to comprehend the whole of
vast variety of sources ;" in fine, that this area which exhibits a spacious field
“ he has not noticed either faults or im- for the display of architectural taste and
perfections in it," after so favourable a ingenuity.
character of the work, was it not incon On the spot of ground between King-
sistently and inconsiderately trifling with street and Palace-yard a square has lately
the opinion' of the public, and degrading been enclosed, in the centre of which, a
himself as a critic, io besprinkle bis cri- statue of a late lustrious statesman is
tique with such fooleries and absurdities to be placed; and it has been determined
as have been exposed in the preceding that the buildings to be erected west of
remarks? It is, unquestionably, a matter King-street shall not project beyond a
both of public and private justice, to hold line drawn from the north transept of
up such grave trifling to general repro- Westininster Abbey, to the Banquetting
bation. And this can be done by no House at Whitehall, by which means a
means more effectual than the respect- grand view will be opened from each to
able channel of the Monthly Magazine. the other of these nuble edifices, and the
Crouch End,

Your's, &c. breadth of a narrow street encreased to
February 6, 1309.

J. GRANT. one hundred aud twenty feet.

erections are to be made on the east side To the Editor of the Jionthly Magazine. of King.street, a magnificent view of the SIR,

Abbey will continue to be exhibited at S I am in pre-s with my new the intersection of Parliament-street and

This view, again, will cal Antiquities,” by llerbert, permit me derive a considerable accession of gran. to enquire, through the channel of your deur from the new stone buildings de. Magazine, where the Plates of the signed to cover the now-vacant ground, work (with the exception of the printers' which are to consist, principally, of bandportraits) are to be found; and whether some dwelling houses and of chambers the owner of them would be disposed to adapted to the constant or occasional part with them on reasonable terins. residence of persons who inay have to at. Kensington, Your's, &c.

tend the Houses of Parliament, or the Feb. 13, 1809. Tho. FROGNALL DIBDIN. Courts of Record in Westminster Hall.

But in forming a design suitable to this To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. situation, the architect has great difficul

ties to encounter, occasioned by the irreTHE Commissioners for directing the gular outline of the ground itself, and vicinity of Westminster Abbey, having sions Hlouse, which ihough a late erecinvited a competition of architects; by tion, was built before the intended imoffering an honorary compensation for provements had been suggested, and has the most appropriate design for the build a situation that was necessarily deterings intended to be erected, I take the mined by the huildings then in its viciliberty of offering, through the mediuin nity. of your widely circulating Miscellany, a The fronts of the buildings to be erectfew hints which a serious consideration ed on the west side of King-street, beof this important subject has suugested. coming conspicuously exposed to view,

It may be necessary to preinise for the should be designed in a simple, bold, and information of your readers, who may dignified style, to prevent their being not lately have visited the spot, that the overpowered by the colossal inagnitude whole of the dilapidated buildings which of Westoninster Abbey. The Court obscured Saint Margaret's Church, situ- House baving windows on all sides, must ate between King-street and Palace. ' necessarily be left insulated, which will yard have been removed; the buildings afford an opportunity of formning a square also on the west side of king-street, be- open towards the Broad Sanctuary. The tween the Abbey and Great George- buildings on the west of King-street, will street, and those in the Broad Sanctuary, present a front opwards of two hundred east and west of the new Sessions House, and fifty feet in extent, looking towards are cleared away; and an Act has been Palace-yard. - This should forin a straight passed for purchasing a plot of ground line, but those in the Broad Sanctuary now covered with buildings, lying be cast and rest of the Court House, should

forma

SIR,

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