Feb. 1809,

form two crescents, the curves of which, used these terminal figures in their wore uniting with the obliquity of the Court- ship. They are simply a head, carved or house, would give it an appearance of pro- modelled, (as in the present examples) priety in position, not otherwise perhaps, on a square trunk. How might not a to be attained.

warm imagination amuse itself, in supBetween the court-house, and the buil- posing the times returned, when the Didings which are to remain standing on its onisia, or Bacchic dances were pernorth-side, is a street 35 feet wide. This formed around one of these very heads, street should be continuerl westward, till in all their wanton rites and extravait meet Prince's-street,and again eastward, gances, in honour of the eastern god. to King-street; which, to obviate the im- The basso-relievos are reliques of friezes, propriety of breaking the line of builds pannels, &c. and besides the beauty of ings in that street, it might enter under an their execution, and fancifulness of de. archway. From this disposition, great ad- sign, many of them have beautiful bora vantayes would arise, owing, in a consi- derings of the honey-suckle, and other derable degree, to its airiness, its pre- luxuriant foliage, of infinite use to the senting a long line of front ground for the architect. Their subjects are various; erection of dwelling-houses, of various many of them are duplicates of others. mtes, and its happy conformity with the We have Amazons and Griffins combating, buildings, to which it is to unite. The Tritons and Cupids riding on dolphins, whole might, without inconvenience, com- and many bacchanalian subjects. The prize twenty large first-rate houses, a large Bacchantes dancing and playing on an tavern and hotel; six buildings, containe instrument, like a tambourin in the groupe ing eighteen sets of chambers and their of Bacchus and Cupid, numbered sis is a appendages, ten second, nine third rate very graceful and elegant figure. Two houses, and two large stable-yards, and of these subjects I cannot pass over with would present a magnificent elevation, out particular mention: they are nearly extending 600 feet in King-street, and in alt-relief; and represent in half-length the Broad-sanctuary.

Your's, &c. figures, Perseus armed with a battle-axe,

C. A. Busby, and an engagement between one of the Warwick-court, Gray's Inn.

Arimaspi and a Griffin. It is repeated

in another pannel, but reversed; which For the Monthly Magazine.

occasions the shield in one of them to be THE DILLETANTI TOURIST,

on the right arm, and the harpa, or Or LETTERS from un AMATEUR of art, it an aukward appearance. From the

battle-axe, in the left hand, which gives in LONDON, to a FRIEND neur MAN

boldness of these two subjects, which are

joined together, I conjecture them to AVING been prevented from giving have been the friezes of a small temple.

you, in my last, such a detailed In this collection, the difficulty is not description of the Townley Gallery of which to chuse, but which to omit in my Antiquities, in the British Aluseum, as I description; and I do not know that I promised you, I hasten to resume my should do ample justice to them without pen, and recreate my mind with the enumerating them all, which would too amusing task. On entering the first room, much resemble a dry catalogue. Yet I on the left hand, where commences the must not omit No. 11, representing a numerical descriptions in the Synopsis, couple of Chimera lapping water, out of as published by the trustees of the Mu- vessels, held to them by two youths, who seum, is a female statue, probably of one are attired in Phrygian dresses, and of the Muses; both the arms are lost, kneeling on

The singular therefore it is difficult to pronounce what beauty of the contour of these youths is the figure is intended for; the drapery is past all praise; I consider them equal to particularly fine and flowing. There are any in the collection; the folds of the several fine amphoræ in this room, some drapery, and general form, especially the of which are from the collection of Sir easy serpentine line of the back and leg, Hans Sloane, and which I shall pass over åre particularly fine. Here again am I without comment, as being more curious in a dilemma, whether to go on seriatim, for their antiquity, than eminent for or to skip to others of more consequence. beauty. Ainong the isolated figures, are The Medusa's head; the female oversome terminal heads of the bearded, or whelmed with affliction, and attended by Indian Bacchus, of great antiquity, and her domestics; and twenty others, are of early workmanship; for it was only in such fine examples of the perfection of the infancy of the art, that the ancients the ancients in the plastic arts, that to

one knee.

2. U



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omit them would be injustice, and to de- the females who are in attendance, if I tail every one, wouli make my letters, may judge from their habits, are slaves. volumes. Some most beautiful elucida- I shall make a few more observations, tions of the ancient mythology may be in this room, previous to visiting the found, in the bearded Bacchus, with a next, and hope you will not think me a femalé Bacchante of exquisite grace; a tedious chronicler. My attention was head of Minerva, another of Jupiter, un- much taken by a beautiful subject of two commonly majestic. A very fine histo- fauns kneeling, one of them playing on a rical subject, representing Minerva as- tambourin, the other accompanying him sisting the Argonauts to huild the famous with small musical instruinents, called ship, Argo; the goddess is seated and krotula, that have been sometimes confinishing a sail, which is extended on a founded by critics, with cymbals. Their yard, and is directing the Argonaut, who forms are somewhat alike, except that is attending very attentively to her, the krotala are smaller and played with while another is busied carving the prow only one hand. It is strongly contested of the vessel. This article, (No. 16), is by various writers, of what materials and beautifully tinished, and, from the delicate form the krotala were made; I think from border of honey-suckle blossom, I have the Greek poets,they much resembled the no doubt but that it formed part of the Spanish castagnets. Apollonius, in his lower ornaments of a superb apartment, Argonautics, describes the krotalon of and placed near the eye. The bas-relief Hercules, as of brass made by Vulcan, at of Venus, in the ocean riding on a sea- the request of Minerva, who gave it to him: horse, is a subject the ancients often re- on the other hand, an ancient commentapeated, both in their poetry and sculp- tor on Aristophanes describes them to be ture; I have one nearly resembling it a reed split in two, and so fitted together among my antique gems. In one we as to emit a sound from the touch or stroke see, Victory pouring libations to Apollo of the hand. We have other examples of Musagetes; in another two priestesses, in the form, of the ancient krotalon, in the sacrificing vestments, standing one on tympanum of the temple of Cybele; a staeach side of a candelabrum, which is tue in the engraved Collection, from the lighted for a sacrifice. With one hand, Museum Pio Clementinum, and in the they support the sacred fillets which de

gems in my possession, which have long corate the candelabrum, and with the handles, like the before inentioned comother they raise a small portion of their mentator's description. I am no less derobe, like the figure of Hope, on the coins lighted with Paris carrying off Helen in a of the Roman emperors, who were ex- car, drawn by three horses (No. 34), a tremely partial to this emblem, which bas relief of elegant design, and correct often appears on their coronation medals cxecution, equal perhaps in these qualities that were struck at the cominencement to any in the collection. These cars are of their reign, to signify the hopes of the of great antiquity, and were usually of people from their new sovereign. two or four wheels, and drawn by various

The Roman personification of this di- numbers of horses, from two to twenty, vinity was different from ours; they re- mostly abreast, as may be seen in several present her under the figure of a young Roman sculptures; they named them froin and beautiful female, holding up with one the number of horses that drew them, as hand the bottom of her robe, and a bige, when by two; trigæ; quadrige, flower in the other. I beg you will not and so on. In Monfaucon, Willemin, and be waggish on the subject, as I shall re- Rochegianni, are to be found many repre. sent any indignity offered to her ladyship, sentations of these ancient cars. whom I have adopted as my tutelar A bas relief of unknown antiquity, deity. The next to this, is one of such (No. 36) representing two persons consequence in proving the knowledge of is navigating the Nile, in a boat, is worHomer among the Romans, that it would thy of notice, from a very important be unpardonable to omit it. It is a sin- fact, that I hope to establish relative gularly well composed historical groupe, to the date of the invention of the in basso relievo of terra cotta, repre. Corinthian capital. In the foresenting Machaon, after he has been ground is an hippopotamus, wounded; the hero is sitting in the tent of crocodiles, some birds, and several Nestor, who is administering a medicinal plants of the lotus. In the distance are potion to him, as described in the buildings, on the roofs of which are seen eleventh book of the Iliad; the grouping three Ibisses. The whole of this scenery of this fragment of antique art, is uncom- is viewed through two arches, supported monly beautiful, and worthy of remark; by columns, the two extreme, ones of


which are Auted in wreaths, and all the talogue; it is either a Canephora, or a capitals resemble the Corinthian. Imuch Caryatic figure, but cannot be both; if, wish to ascertain the date of this work

as he asserts, it did support the portico for the above reason. The singularity of of a temple, I cannot contradict him, the composition, of No. 42, has no pa- but then it is not a Canephora. This rallel in the room ; it is a short naked bu- error has arisen from the resemblance man figure, with the head of an old man, between these two species of figures, but a long thick beard, and the body of a their applications were different. Canechild; holding in each hand the stem of a phoræ, (as their name imports from ravéwy plant. On each side of this curious com- à basket, and dégw to bear) were young and pound figure, is seated a no less curious noble virgins, who carried a basket on quadruped, whose head is that of an els their heads, on the festivals of Minerva, derly man, with the breasts of a woman, and were never degraded to the ignoble and body of a sphynx, whose tail termi- situation of the Caryatides, who always nates in a flower.

support heavy and cumbrous entablaThere are, in this unrivalled collection, tures. Cicero, in his fourth oration some of the largest statues ever found of against Verres, refers to some Canephora terra cotta; one being of the goddess Salus, of his time, and from the chisel of Poboth the hands of which are wanting, but lycletes, but does not mention them as from the position of the arms, it is apparent, being used for columns, but as deposithat the figure held a serpent in the right taries for perfumes and flowers for the hand, and a patera in the left, and is nearly sacrifice, and placed on each side of the four feet high. Another of a Muse, resting altar. The beautiful figure at Lord her left arm upon a pile of writing tablets, Elgin's, is really a Caryatide, and was placed on a square column. Another of found in such a position by his lordship; these statues is Thalia, one that is sup- it is also described both by Stuart and Le posed to have been a votive portrait, and Roy, as supporting a cornice. This I another a female crowned with an in- verily believe to be a Canephora, but I dented diadem, but the characters are cannot recollect any example of Caneboth unknown to me; the drapery is in a phoræ being applied to the purposes of fine style, and the whole delicately ex- columns, except in the portico of a grotto, ecuted.

in the Villa Albani, at Rome, which are Such are the contents of this room which supposed to be copies from those menis filled with terra cottas of exquisite tioned by Cicero, of Polyeletes, and beauty, both for design and execution, which owe their degrading situation to and is of itself an excellent academy for the ignorance of a modern architect, who the student. On leaving it, we come to the took them for Caryatides, and as such second room, which is devoted to Greek has used them. and Roman sculptures; it is circular and In this room are some beautiful candelighted from an elegant dome, and is ex- labra, one of which is of such excellent cellently contrived for a judicious distri- workmanship, and beautiful design, that bution of light. On the left we it is scarcely excelled by that inestimable greeted with a stupendous colossal head relic, the candelabrum of Sir Roger Newof Minerva Sospita, most admirably cha- digate in the Ratcliffe library, at Oxford, facteristic of the goddess of the dreadful that has so often been the theme of our shield.

admiration. The triangular base of one A funeral urn, at a small distance, of thein, has three genii, with wings, holdbeautifully ornamented with equestrian ing each a part of the armour of Mars, his and pedestrian combatants, of high an- helmet, his shield, and his sword. Cantiquity and rare beauty, presents itself to delabra, or lycinuchi, (froin rúxxoş a the admiring speciator; but passing by candle and xxl that sustains.) were things of minor worth, a brilliant of au- among the greatest luxuries of the ancicient art demands attention ; it is a sta- ents. Homer, in his Odyssey, in descritue of a canephora, which the catalogue bing the palace of Alcinous, King of Cortells us was anciently made use of as cyra, speaks of them as being made of a column; and asserts, that it was one of gold; and on many medals of Septimius the caryatides, which supported the por- Severus, and of his sons, are representatico of a small temple, dedicated to Bac- tions of Candelabra as used in the temples chus. This is a manifest contradiction, and of Venus of Paplos. They not only used an error into which many have fallen, them as stands for lights, but also as small besides the author of that part of the ca- altars for burning perfumes,

· Perhaps some of our readers will favor Among other beauties in these rooms are us with a dissertation on this interesting sub

two fiuc vases, ornamented all round with bachanalian figures, and handles, spring.


ing from the necks of swans; the beauty pint decanter, wherein I had put about of design, the elegant voluptuousness of two ounces of Thames water, and placed the Bacchantes, and dancing nymphs, are it during the whole winter over the firebeyond all praise, they are truly beauty place, in the same temperature as hyapersonified. I must not forget a statue of cinths are commonly kept. Before the à Venus, which is naked to the waist, month of March was expired, they all and covered with drapery from the waist shewed symptoins of vegetation, with the downward. This statue was found in the exception of one acorn, which I had purmaritime baths of Claudius, at Ostia. posely placed in the water, which nearly To you, who are not offended at truth, covered it; this was the first seed to even though it rebels against received opi- swell and burst, but the last that made a nion, I, who fear not the sound of great shoot. The tap root of the most forward names, say, that I have seen a Venus, by seed, was about two inches long, when it Nollekens, superior in beauty to this, reached the water, into which it did not which is colossal, and rather clumsy in directly enter, but grew a short distance the extremities; however, I shall not of. on the surface, then immersed in the fend the most fastidious adınirer of anci- water to the bottom of the decanter, rose ent art, and perhaps better strike the ba- again to the surface, then down again; lance of merit due to this figure, when I on its touching the side, it continued to assert, that it is certainly the clumsiest of do so, making inore than a circle round in all ancient Venuses, and very inferior in search of earth, sometimes rising a little grace to that called “ de Medicis.” This from the bottom. is the figure at which the respectable ve- In April, the germ protruded from the teran in literature, Mr. Cumberland, (in seed, and in a few days the plant the tenth number of Mr. Prince Hoare's emerged, continuing to increase until it “Artist," a periodical paper, of which I produced the foliage and tree in complete shall ever regret the conclusion,) has, le- health, and apparent vigour; one of which velled the shafts of his satire in the fol. I studiously prevented the tap-root from lowing laughable passage. “The living entering the water, which caused the arts (says he, to his friend Iloare) are decay of the tap-root, but exhibited innuthe proper objects of your contemplation: merable lateral shoots, making a wonderin the mean time, the nation has erected ful struggle to live; and the plant actually a noble gallery in the British Museum, existed purely in the vapour, and chewherein to deposit the bones and skele- rished entirely by it. The seed that was tons of the dead arts, collected by Mr. dropped in the water, grew exactly at Townley, and purchased from the public the same time as some I had set in purse. In justice to my country, I will earth, and occasionally examined as to suppose that they are stuck up there for their progress, and did not seem hasthe patriotic purpose of convincing the tened in their vegetation like those in the spectators, that it is high time to disiniss vapour, which may arise from the diftheir prejudices, and that it is nothing less ference of their temperatures. In June, than necromancy, and art magic, that I put the decanter into the open air, still should induce them to prefer old lamps to keeping the ground-stopper in, although new: in short, if any gentleman wants a some atmospheric air communicated, as Venus for his salon, he may go to the the wire that suspended them, though shop of Mr. Nollekens, and not envy very fine, prevented the stopper from (look at the statue and mark the expres- being close. The water becoming black, sion) the long-sided lady of Mr. Town- foul, and turbid, I changed it once duley, though the state has built a palacering the summer. Each plant made its for ber reception.” I shall leave you to Michaeluas shoot, and threw ont leaves, laugh at my quotation, and continue my and in September the leaves turned off, admiration of such works of ancient art, as in common, and the buds are now set as deserve it, in spite of all contemners of for the spring: to burst them, I purpose its beauties, who certes are all Goths, id separating them, and placing them in est for differing from me. Your's, &c. M. gnod glasses; the acorn is still firmly at

tached to each plant. Although some To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. few vegetables have been raised without

the medium of earth, I do not know that N the autumn of 1807, I gathered some a tree has ever before been produced,

As the mutation of water into of which I immedia iely suspended at ligneous substance, which if burned bedifferent distances from the bottom of a comes an alkali, capable, by galvanic des



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composition, of producing a metal, may now returned again, but by no means so trou. be a matter of some curiosity, and the blesome as they have been heretofore. idea may give a clue to experimentalists, To account for this extraordinary cure, by that have inore science and leisure, and the bohea-tea, is not perhaps very easy : ac may lead to curious results; it is posa lt is well known, however, that tea possesses

least if our medical writers be taken for guides. sible, that seeds of exotics, that have both the gallic acid, and the astringent prinbitherto resisted the endeavours to raise ciple, in a considerable degree, and a priori, there in earth, may yield to this method there is nothing unreasonable in presuming if carefully attended to,

that it might be a tonic, not withstanding cusWhether, if the atmospheric air was

tom and medical men have decided against it. totaliy cut off by sealing the plant would Lewis says, "that it is in disorders and conFegetate, I have never tried, but do in- stitutions where corroborants are most servicetend it. Your's, &c.

able, that the immoderate use of tea is pecuCornhill, Feb. 1, 1809. 1. BROWELL. liarly hurtful; in cold indolent habits, cach

exies, chloroses, dropsies, and debilities of the ANSWERS

nervous system” Mater Med vol. ii. 428. IN THE CORRESPONDENT, WHO SIGNS, I think that there is great reason to believe,

The term, immoderate, is not here defined, and COMMON SENSE," ON

that che injurious effects of tea are, and al. OF POPULAR REMEDIES.

ways have been, owing to the drinking of

large quantities of hot water, rather than to To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. the tea. SIR,

The above cure was drawn up in January, ELIZABETH Miller, a poor women aged 1806, with an intention of communicating it to forty, and the mother of eight children,

a medical gentleman, in London, of great reone o: whom is now at the breast six months spectability, but a variety of other important old, was attacked about two months previously concerns pressing upon my attention, it has to her taking the undermentioned medicine, lain by in my desk till this time. Ohserving with shortness of breath; she had also a bad

an invitation of your correspondent, Common Appetite, and her legs and face were much Sense, to communicate what is known concern. swelled. She was attended by a skilful pracing Popular Remedies for Diseases, I now send titioner

, and by him was pronounced to be in it. Before I conclude, it is my duty to state that a dropsy. I saw her inyself, and believed her the idea of exhibiting hohea tea, in the dropsito be so like wise. She took some medicines cal case above recited, originared in informawhich the surgeon sent her, but so far fronı any tion derived from the Monthly Magazine, amendment taking place, she grew daily worse

which I think appeared also in the newspaand worse. Three days previously to her ta

pears. The case, I believe, was that of a wo. king the undermentioned, the nurse who at

men at Farringdon, in Berkshire. I cannot tended her, declared that she was afraid her now, from memory, refer to the volume. legs would burst. She had left off the medi. Huntsbill,

Your's &c. cines which were sent her by the surgeon, Jan. 20, 1809.

J. JENNINGS. about ten days, when she was prevailed upon, merely as an experiment, to Take of bohea tea, five ounces; boiling wa

For the Monthly Magazine. ter, one quart. Letthem stand together a quar- RECEIPT for the cure of the RIEUter of an hour, and then strain off the infusi02: the whole of which is to be drunk during TAKE half an ounce of Turkey rhubarb, the day. The leaves which are left, are all tu one ounce of gum guiacun), one ditto of be eaten by the patient in the course of three nitre, one ditto of sulphur, one ditto of flaue days afterwards.

of mustard. The whole to be finely pulver These were the directions given to the pa- rized and well mixed. tient, and she complied with them. The con- A tea spoonful to be taken in a glass of Sequence was, that is less than a week, the water, on going to rest, every other night, sweling of her legs and face subsided; the for three nigh's, and afterwards if necessary, shortness of breath went off, and she has been half a tea spoonful every nighe. able for more than a fortnight past, to attend Considerable quantities of this medicine her customary occupation, and all this with have lately been distributed with success out any observable increase in the secretions, among the poor, by ladies of quality in the at least according to the woman's own account. neighbourhood of Brompton. The stomach seemed principally acted upon, as her appetite mended exceedingly fast. It * Receipts for all acute diseases must be may not be amiss to remark, that she has been uncertain, and the progress of the disease is subject to the piles for some years past, and uncertain. No notice is given in this, what are from which she has suffered much pain; but the symptoms relieved, or whether the disease during the dropsical state, she suffered no in- must be chronic before the reniedy will be convenience from them whatever. They are efficacious.

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