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a south-east direction. The noise was the brewer than the inferior kinds. The greater during the shock than before it, present owners. have actually bought and for some seconds atier it was so loud, and pulled down three breweries, the that it made the circumjacent mountains whole trade of which is now accumulated re-echo with the sound; after which, in in this in addition to their original custhe course of about half a minute it gra- tomers, and the good will of the concern dually died away. At this time the at- goes with this lot. 10l. per cent is remosphere was calm, dense and cloudy, quired as á deposit at the tiine of pure and for some hours before and after there chase ; 401. per cent additional cu the was not the least motion in the air. 13th February, 1810, and two years more Fahrenheit's thermometer, when examin are given for completing the payment ed about half an hour after the shock, The stock of beer, hops, malt, &o. indicated a temperature of 15 degrees on hand; the horses, drays, butts, below the freezing point of water. The casks, to be taken at a valuation, and preceding day was calm and cloudy, twelve months credit to be given on the thermometer at 8 a. M. 14°. at 8 P. M. amount of these if required. The pre13°. The morning of the 18th was sent proprietors possessing a great numcalm and cloudy, but the day broke up ber of freehold, copyhold, and leasehold to sun-sbine; thermometer at 8 A. M. public-houses, have had a valuation put 190. at 3 P. M. 100. If this shock bad upon them : the purchasers of the first been succeeded by another equally vio- lot may either buy a part or the whole of lent, it must hare damaged the houses; them. The amount of the freehold hut we have not beard that it occasioned houses is 14,2001. ; that of the leasehold any injury.
47,1601. The very patronage of this A plan for the establishment of a Ca. concern is an object. The proprietors ledurian Asylum in London, for the appoint broad-coopers, appraisers, surmaintenance and education of the sons veyors, &c. who are paid by the custoand daughters of Scottish soldiers, sailors niers, without any charge to the house, and :narines, has been brought forward and get nett incomes of 500). or 1,0001. by the Highland Society. It is propos- and one of them it is said, 2,0001. per ed that in this institution, besides read
I he house has for these ter ing, writing, and arithmetic, the boys years paid annually into their bankers shall receive such preparatory instruction hands from half a million to 800,0001. as may be necessary to qualify them for The premiuin of a piece of plate of the the royal vavy, the army, merchant-ser- value of fifty guineas, proposed by the vice, or ile fisheries. The girls are to African Institution for the greatest quatreceive an education suited to their con- tity of cotton, the growth of the west dition in life; and it is proposed to' in coast of Africa, imported into this coun. troduce into the establishment certain try, lias been adjudged to Messrs. John manufactures or mechanical arts, adapt- and Alexander Anderson, of Philpoted to their subsequent pursuits.
lane. The quantity imported by them Meux's Brewery, a concern, which for was upwards of ten thousand weight, and magnitude, is scarcely equalied in the it sold for 25. 3d. per lb. These gentle world, is soon to be sold by auction under men have determined greatly to enlarge a decree of the Court of Chancery. The their cotton plantations on the river following particulars will atord sone idea Sierra Leone, and their example is likely of the exient of this establishment. The to be extensively followed. By means of first lot comprizes the whole of the plant, the African institution a large supply of that is, the brew-houses, ware-houses, the Georgia Sca-island cotton seed, by far mills, coppers, vats, with the dwellings the most valuable kind, having been sent house, counting.louses, scables, and every to the coast, it may be hoped that at no other building upon the premises. These distant period, the importations from this cost the proprietors £200,000. But the quarter will fill up that chasm in the cotbuyer of this lot will not purchase the ton market which the interruption our buildings aione ; he will also secure an commerce with America has occasioned. establishment which has brewed 190,000 This is not the only benefit which we are barrels of porter in the year, the sale of likely to derive from an increased attenthe greatest part of which, will in all pro- tion to Africa. A considerable quantity bability, remain with the house, while it of African rice has been already imported continues to supply good beer. One third into the West Indies, and a much larger imof this quantity is sent into the country; portation may speedily be effected. In the and this part consists of high-priced poro present state of our West India colonies, ter, which yields a much better profit to this new and unexpected resource must
prove of the very first importance, and may be accomplished by a much weaker ought to be anxiously cherished.
combination, fitty plates of six or four inIn pursuance of the resolution of par. ches square being adequate to produce liament passed in the last session, a na sensible results. The potassium which I tional institution for promoting vaccina- have used in various analytical enquiries tion, is established under the manage- lately carried on, bas been all procured ment of a board which consists of the by chemical means, without the applicafollowing members : Sir Lucas Pepys, tion of electricity. Potash may be deDrs. Mayo, Ileberden, Satterly, Bane composed by diferent processes, some croft, Sir Charles Blicke, Messrs. Chand- of which are described in a paper which ler and Keate. The board have appoint- I am now reading before the Royal Soed tire following officers:--director, Dr. ciety, but the best method is that which Jenner; assistant director, James Moore, we owe to the ingenious researches of Esq. register, Dr. Hervey ; principal vac. Alessrs. Gay Lussac, and Thenard, cinator, J. C. Carpue, Esq. vaccinators and which is the first of this kind, by at the stations, Messi's. T. Hale, Richard miere chemical attraction, made known. Lane, Edward Leese, S. Sawrey, and J. When melted potash is slowly brought Vincent; and secre.ary, Mr. Charles into contact with iron turnings or filings, Murray
heated to whiteness, hydrogen yas is evoir. Mr. JANES Scott, of Dublin, states, ed, holding potassium in solution : and that he has found by repeated experi- if one part of the iron tube or gun-barrel ments, that platina possesses, ou account in wbich the experiment is made, be preof its imperceptible expansion, t great served cool, the metal is deposited in superiority over other materials for mak- this part, being precipitated from the hying the pendulun-spring of watches; but drogen gas by cooling. The potasha is that arsenic must not be employed in never procured quite so pure in this way consolidating it, as it would then be li as by electricity; but it is fit for avalyable to expansion. When properly drawn tical purposes, and I have obtained it it possesses self-sufficient elasticity for with so little alloy, as to possess a speciany extent of vibration; it coils extreme- fic gravity considerably below 8, water ly well, and if placed when coiled on the being 10. I have now by me a compact surface of a flat piece of metal, making mass produced in an operation, which one end of the spring fast, and marking weighs nearly 100 grains. exactly the other extremity, not the Ninety-two whales of a new species slighest expausion is visible when heat is were stranded in Scapay Bay in Pomona, applied. Mr. Scott farther remarks, that one of the Orkneys, a few days previous he bas for a considerable time made use to a violent storm in December, 1806. of platina for compensation curbs, and of this animal, never before figured by considers it as very superior to steel for any naturalist, Dr. Traill, of Liverpool, every instrument of that kind.
gives the following description :- beTo some enquiries respecting the smale longs very clearly to the genus delphinus ; lest number of Galvanic combinations, the only hitherto described species of and the smallest surface of plates that is that genus which it at all resembles is the sufficient to decompose the fixed alkalis; delphinus orca, or grampus ; but it is disa and also, the best solution for charging å tinguished from the latter by the shape battery so as to produce the greatest of its snout, the shortness of its dorsal power, professor Davy has given the fin, the length and narrowness of its pecfollowing answer.-"In my early expe- toral fins, the forin and number of its riments npon potassium, I often procured teeth, and the colour of its belly and it by means of a battery of one thousand breast. Almost the whole body is black, pairs of plates of copper and zinc of six smooth, and shining like oiled silk. The inches square, charged with a solution of back and sides are jetty black; the concentrated nitrous acid in about forty breast and belly of a somewbat fighter parts of water. This is the lowest power colour. The general length of the fullthat I employed ; but as some of the grown ones is about twenty feet. The plates had been much corroded by former body is thick, the dorsal fin does not exprocesses, I should conceive thai a com ceed two feet in length, and is rounded bination of eighty would be sufficient, at the extreinity. The pectoral fins are provided the whole arrangement was from six to eight feet in length, narrow and perfect. The decomposition of the al- tapering to their extremities. The head is kaline earths and ammonia by amalga- obtuse; the upper jaw projects several mation or combination of their bases inches over the lower in a blunt process.
It has a single spiracle. The full-grown 150 degrees, goes off by evaporation. have twenty-two subconoid sharp teeth, The additional condenser consists of a a little hooked. Among those stranded trough three feet long, twelve inches in Scabay Bay were many young ones, deep, and fifteen inches wide, with a which, as well as the oldest, wanted pewter pipe passing through the middle teeth. The youngest measured about of it horizontally, about two inches in five feet in length, and were still suck- diameter, at the largest end next the still lings. The females had two teats, larger and gradually tapering to about three than those of a cow, out of which the quarters of an inch at the smallest end milk flowed when they were squeezed, which communicates with the top of the These animals are gregarious, and follow
The great simplicity of this conone as their leader. They frequently trivance and its utility render a fair trial enter the bays around the Orkney coast of it in other stills very advisable; the in quest of sinall fish, which seem to be small degree of heat which went to the their food. When one of them takes wa.er in the worin-tub shews, that the the ground, the rest surround and en- additional condenser performed nearly deavour to assist their stranded compa- the whole of the condensation, and that nion : trom this circumstance several of therefore it is extremely probable, that a them are generally taken at once. They second pipe and trough added to the first, are inoffensive and rather timid, and would perform the whole condensation may frequently be chased on shore by a effectually, without using any worin, and few yawls
. I'hey are extremely fat and thus enable distillers to dispense with yield a considerable quantity of good oil. this expensive and troublesome part of This new species Dr. Traill proposes to
apparatus. denominate delphinus melus.
The tirst volume of a new Analysis of Mr. Acton of Ipswichi, having used a Chronology by Dr. Hates, is expected still containing 9 gallons, for distilling to appear this month. The work will common water, éssential oils and water form three quarto volumes. religerated them with a tube which Mr. J. Roland, fencing-master at the holds about 36 gallons, found it very in- Royal Military Academy at Woolwich, convenient to change the water of the intends to publish by subscription, a tub as often as it became hot, which it Treatise on the Art of Fencing, theorevery soon did, after cominencing distil- tically and experimentally explained, lacion ; he therefore contrived the follow- upon principles entirely new; chiefly deing addition to the refrigerating part of signed for those who have acquired only the apparatus, which he has found to suc a superficial knowledge of the use of the ceed so well, that he can now distil for sword. any length of time without heating the Dr. Robert Rexxie, of Kilsyth, will water in the worm-tub above one degree, soon publish the additional parts of his so that it never requires to be changed; work on the subject of Peat Moss, as a the heat passes off entirely into the ad manure and as a soil. ditional condenser, and when it exceeds
MONTHLY RETROSPECT OF THE FINE ARTS. The Use of all New Prints, and Communications of Articles of Intelligence, are requested
under Cover to the Care of the Publisher. Twelve Views of Canterbury Cathedral, drawn “ The Columbiad," u Poem, by Joel Barlow, emon the spot, etched and squatinted by Charles
bellished with Engravings, by British EngraWild. Published by tbe Slutbor, Twylor, Molteno,
vers, from designs by Robert Smirke, Esq. and others.
R. A. Printed and publisbed. at Philadelphia, VESE view's are selected with much 1307, for Conrad and Co.
This is one of the finest specimens of Gdelity; the aqua-tint has more force and the typographical art ever published, on breadili than is usual in that style of en
either side of the Atlantic. The engravings grasing; the descriptive part is written (eleven in number,) are in the line maiwith considerable elegance; and the whole ner, by Anker Smith, Bromley, Parker, is creditable to the talents of Mr. Wild, Goulding, Schiavonetti
, Cromek, Neagle, both as an antiquary and an artist. Ileath, and Raimbachi, whiw, with the MOA TULY MAG. Vo, 182.
painter (Sinirke,) appear to have been Abraham offering Isaac on a mount, from equally animated with the desire of shew. An. Carracci, is happily varied; the foreing our transatlantic brethren the excel- ground forcible, and the distance clear lence of British art. If any were sigled and tender; the figures are too sinall, and out from such a collection or beauties, per. not sutficiently prominent to meet critic haps the portrait of the author, and lles. cism. per, appearing to Columbus in prison, by The art of Painting Transparencies, by Edsvard Anker Smitly, and the Inquisition, by Schi Orme. Published by .be Aurbor. avonetti, for engraving, andCruelty presiding over the prisone-ship, toy Neagle, for and drawings, this will prove an acquisiti
To the admirers of transparent prints. sublimity of composition, though equally well engraved, bright be selected as the fir this innocent amusement, and will no
0n; as it contains surficient instructions best; they certainly ravik arnung the finest
doubt please the ladies, to whom it is parbook-prints of the present day. The lenticularly addressed, and atfored them quisition by Schiavonetti, must again be nuentioned as one of the inust exquisite The Little Mountaineer, painted by A. W. De
much ainugement. specimens of the graphic art, that has ever
vis, Esq Engraved by E. Scriven, Historical appeared,
engraver to ber R. H. the Princess of Wales. The Holy Bible, with Engravings by British Ar.
Published by Clay and Sariven. rists, from celebrated Pictures of various The subject of this interesting little picSchools. By ibe. Rer. Jubn Hewlett, sccoud. ture, is a tine lealtlay chubby girl, of part.
about five years of age, pulling a lainh by This second number of graphic illustra- the eur, that is entangled in a tricket. tions of sacred history, is continued with Every part of the child is well-drawn, and the same ability as the preceding, and is beautifully finished, and the union of the very, creditable to the proprietor, the edi- graver and stipple is uncommonly happy, tor, and the engravers
. There are five and gives additional beauty to the pruit. prints, and a beautiful map, in the present interest he has given to a portrait (the
To Mr. Devis, much praise is due for the number, as follows: Abraham and the three Angels ; by daughter of Sir Janics 'Cockburn),
aud for the Worthington, from Ludovico Caracci.
costuine with which he bras decked his
** Little Jacob wrestling with an. Angel, by J. Taylor, froin Salvator Rosa,
Mountaineer,” so unlike the theatrical bala The return of the Prodigal Son, by let-dancing inisses and masters that daily ]Heath, from Guercino.
obtrude themselves, with every gaudy coAbrahain offering Isaac, by Worthing, throw over the riglutarni is judicious, and
lour, on the tired eye; the demi-tint that is toa, trom Annibale Caracei.
King Ahasuerus and Esther, by Fonline prevents a spottiness of lights. The enson, from Cospel.
graving of the face, neck, and left foot, is "The pictures, from wbich these engra
in the most delicate style of stippling, vings are taken, ive from the best Specia
as is every other part of the flesh; while the men of the painters: the first is a beauti- drapery, hair, water, and foliage is most
On the ful composition, and the story well told; forcibly touched with the graver. the angels are truly angelic, and the whole whole it is one of the most beautiful prines every way worthy of Ludovico. The en
of intantine simplicity, that has for a long graving is excellent.
time past made its appearance. The second is truly expressive of the Venus and Luna. Drawn by Huet Villiers, etstyle of Salvator Rosa; anet Taylor's en grazred in Mezzotinto, by Cbarles Teniers graving of this print deserves the lighest published by Ackermann. praise.
The engraving of this pair of prints is: Heath's engraving after Guercino is extremely good, but mezzotinto is not the. clear and impressive, and the nude garts proper style for translating a soft and ele weil manager.
gantly coloured drawing, for which it is Crypel's picture of Ahasuerus and Es tou forcible and abrupt. Mr. Turner's en. ther is too ibeatrical, too much like the gravinys, trom the academician of his own acyrs of Racine; Esther is fainingtoo. name, or the paintings of lboppner or systematically: vet the mechanical part is Shee, accords better, becanse they are ia well handled, and the perspective good. a more congenial style The subjects of 1 le engraving by Tumlinsomnis delicate, these prints are happily conceived, and Lucid, and well finished.
the faces are beautitind; yet their atlegoriWorthingcon's landscape, containing cal character would have been better pre.
served, had the moon in the one, and the they describe; and are chatty, pleasant Cistar in the other, been more distinct, and ceronis; goud-humouredly pointing out the faces less inade out. The drawings, froin the beauties of cach, equally divested of which these engravings are made, were ex• - the dogmatizing critic, and the dull cata. hibited at the last year's exhibition, in logue writer of mere names and titles. Brook-street, and met with much and de Mr. Wild, the celebrated archaeologiserved applause.
cal draftsman, and author of the descrip
tion of Canterbury cathedral, is pursuing Lady Heatbcole, drawn by R. Cosway, R. A. his researches into English antiquities, Engraved by Agar: published by Ackermann.
with indefatigable industry, and will An elegant.conipanion to Mrs. Duff, shortly publish a similar work on the and equally well drawn and engraved: beautiful and elaborate cathedral of the bosom, however, is too meretricious, York. and more exposed than any modest Enge On Monday, the 23d ult, the lectures lish woman would like hers to be in pulu at the Royal Academy cominenced with dia; her ladyship's beauty requires no such the inauguration lecture of Anthony Carfalse baits to attraction. The figure is lisle, esq. the new professor of anatomy; light, airy, and fancitully imagined, and who, with a zeal and promptitude that canthe engraver has kept pace with the tried not be too much commended, cominenced abilities of Mr. Cosway, in this live of a course of lectures on anatomy within
two months after his election to the prom Mrs. Clarke. Drawn and engraved by Adam fessor's chair. Mr. Carlisle began with
an eulogium and biographical account of Buck, of Frith-street.
his much lamented predecessor, the late A portrait of this celebrated character, Joku Sheldon, esqand gave a slight to whoin the nation is under such great but spirited sketch of his professional life and lasting obligations, for the last inter; from the cominencernent of his studies esting exposure of corrupt practices, which under the celebrated Hunter, to the time have at once degraded and ruineilike cause of his death; and delicately alluded to try, cannot fail to find nuinerous purcha. the melancholy mental eclipse, that ocsers at the present moinent. It is finely casionally deprived the academy of liis drarn by Mr. Buck from the life, and is a specimen of British beauty, which could of one of its greatest ornaments.
regular assistance, and finally England
An not perlıạps be exceeded in any part
tla fortunate inalady (said Professor Carthe world. It is proper to guard the pub- lisle) from whøse encroaching inroads lic against a pretended portrait cum Mus.
none of us are free. Mr. Carlisle is a Clarke, published by Holland.
inan of a cultivated mind, and who apCatalogue raisonné of ebe Pictures belonging to the pears to have made the philosophy of
Most Honorable ibe Marquis of Stafford, in the the fine arts his peculiar study, and is Gallery of Cleveland-house, comprising a List of therefore, well qualified for the acadeibe Pictures, with illastrative anecdotes, &c. inical lionour, with which he has so justSc. by J. Britton, F.S.A.
ly been invester. His euluviuiii on the Ar Historical Account of Cursham kouse, in Wilt- Greeks and their Style of Sculpture was sbire, tbe Seat of Paul Cobb Mebuen, esq.
as justly deliveated as it was true. lfe wieb a Catalogue of bis celebrand Collection of apologized to the Professor of Painting if Pictures, Gi by she same autbor, and puv- lie should appear to make inroads on his lisbed by Lougmen and Co.
province, and by a poerical simile, addThe comprehensive titles of the above ed, that if he was prcvmited from occatwo useful liuile works, render an analysis sionally skirting his lines of demarkation, unnecessary. They are executed with he should scarcely know how to accomfidelity and taste, the anecdotes are cha- modate the science of anatomy to the racteristic, and the biographical memoirs studies of the artist. After expatialing concise and well written. Tie forner to the students on the antiquity, stility, work is embellished with a correct plans, and other qualities of the science of aniand a beautifully engraved frontispiece, tomiy, he procesieil to ? yenersi explaby Bund, from a currect perspective view pation of the component parts of maii, as of the Marquis's new gallery, by J. C. divided into head, frank, and extremiSinith; and the latter with a plan and vie:ties, with their greater subdivisions, and of Corsham house, engraved by J. C. by a method as novel as it is likely to Smith, from a drawing by the author. be useful, hic described geometrical dia. They forin entertaining pocket companie grams on the body of ile moiel, fibe ons to the two nuble collections of pictures celebrated Gregon, svin is reckoned to