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These words seemed to give Henry 276; Stowe, 386.-In 1446, on account
very great delight, and when they named of the expiration of the truce in April,
the King his uncle, he lifted his hood a forces were sent to Normandy, in which
little, and, in reciting his love and de- the agency of Suffolk was very conspi-
sire he had of seeing him, said, holding his cuous; and that lest the French should
hood, “ St. John, thank you!" which he not consent to amity,]
seemed to speak with the most perfect

When the Archbishop had spoken, the To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine.
dina de Porck, the Comte
de Suffolck, Y Number of your Journal, to insert

, in and the Lord Treasurer : afterwards the Cardinal said to the French ambassadors my inquiry respecting the original plates in very elegant Latin, " that the King of of Ames's Typographical Antiquities; England felt all the advantages of peace, this, it seems, has given rise to a ruand would spare no pains to effect it; but mour of my, not performing what I had independently even of so great a con- pledged myself to perform ; namely, the cern, it would be a sensible pleasure for giving of new plates to my new editiou him to see the King of France his uncle, of this work. As I am not in the habit and that the smallness and insufficiency of making promises rashly, and still less of the offers made by France would not so of not performing them when made, so be for him either a motive or pretext for it will be found, on the present occasion, refusing such a journey; but that the that I have faithfully adhered to the words passage of the King of England to France, of my “ Prospectus," published in May at this conjuncture, and amidst such a or June, 1803. conflict of parties, was not a step to be

At page 3, I have observed that, the taken lightly; that he could not attempt plates of Ames's, or rather (it should have it without great counsel and deliberation, been said) of Herbert's work, are al. without being assured at first of the truce's most all defective," and that it was “ probeing sufficiently long; without having posed to remedy these detects.” – Now, taken measures of every kind, which pru. Sir, it will be found that my first volume dence required; that he would then con

will contain eight new copper-plates, and sult at leisure, and would give his answer upwards of thirty wood cuts. Ames's to the King his uncle, and if the result of portrait

, in Herbert, is almost a caricahis reflections, and the influence of cir- ture of that amiable and excellent Engcumstances should deprive him of so plea- lish bibliographer : it has therefore been sant a journey, he would send to France re-executed.' Of Herbert himself, there persons instructed to treat on all the will be two portraits for the first time great interests which divided the two na- given to the public--the one a mezzotions, and upon every thing which bore tint, of the size of Ames's; the other an a relation to them,"

outline stipling of him, with a turban Here ends the narration.

and beard, as he was accustomed to dress [There is a great paucity of informa- in India.-Of Caxton's types alone, there tion after the reign of Edward III. and will be four copper lates : the plate in this important paper shows, that Suffolk Herbert presents us with but an imperfect was very weak: that Henry was half an idea of the original types. The extriusiceniidiot, and that, unless it was to gratify bellishments (if I may so speak) will conroyal inclination, the reference, after sist of three stipling engravings of portraits such rejection of 'ofiers, to an interview of the Earl of Pembroke, the Earl of Oxbetween such a Prince as llenry and the ford, and Dr. Mead; these being the French King, proves the Council to have leading bibliographical characters of the been egregious dupes, of which the pas- first half of the 18th century, These sages in the Cardinal of York's reply, portraits will belong to the small, as well inarked in Italics, seem very strong proots. as large, paper copies; and it is intended What concessions for diplomates!!! to continue the series of thein to the preThey were not fit to deal for a borse, sent day, in the subsequent volumes. much more for kingdoms. That the MS. It is probable, that the five volumes of was not written at the time does appear; my new edition inay comprehend five or for Suffolk, who is stiled Duke, Count, six plates which are in Herbert; but they Monsieur, and every thing else but his will be accompunicd with upwards of one created a Duke till 1443, nearly three wood cuts. Printers' devices and poryears after the embassy.-Sce Bolton, traits will be given on an entire new plan,

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and with the most faithful resemblance to errors, is impossible.Permit me, therethe originals.

fore, to state one or two instances of pers Kensington, Your's, &c.

sons recovered, who were very far gone March 6, 1809. T. F. DIBdin. in this disease, by a directly opposite

P.S. I should not have troubled you with principle, and to suggest, as I hope this explanation, but that I thought myself inany others will do by means of your liabsolutely called upon so to do, from an un- beral pages, how far I have reason to grounded report which might otherwise ope- think, that a contrary treatment would rate to my prejudice.

be of utility, the result of some degree of

experience among my relatives. To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. Considering consumption as a lasting, SIR,

habitual, intermittent fever, arising from HE delight I have received from the effect of cold humid TH


vapours perusing the rational Reports of by bodies relaxed and dry :-whether by your humane, intelligent, and courage- the acridity of hereditary humours, the ous Correspondent, Dr. Reid (for in an heat induced by intemperance, the artiage like this, of malicious criticism, it ficial noxious warmth of manufactories, demands the firmness of a man devoted or excessive application of the mind to to the service of his fellow-creatures, to

studies that irritate the nervous system, project even the shadow of a medical or athletic exercises by far too violent : reform), I cannot easily express; and whether the victiin is prepared by tlie this delight has been greatly auginented bed infected; the indulgent nurse; the of late, by perceiving that he is not to be meretricious chambermaid; or the ambideterred by the suggestions of false piry, tious tutor, who wants to rear a prodigy from exposing the inefficacy of the pre- of infantine abilities--whatever be the vailing mode of creating the disease called cause, if it really be of the nature of fever, Consumption-for, until the whole nation as a fever, I think there can be no doubt, is roused to a due sense of the necessity it ought to be treated; and if the system of discovering some method of checking of cold ablution has been found favourits originating causes, or applying other able in other fevers, I cannot see why it sorts of remedies in the cure, when the should not be resorted to in the crises present so miserably fail, we have scarcely of this.-In support, therefore, of this a right to assume the character of a re- doctrine, let me be allowed to advance a fecting or even a rational people. case in point, as it appears to me.--A

To see consumptive patients, as I con- young gentleman,whom I knew many years tinually do, owing to the situation I live ago, being given over by all the physician's in, riding about early on raw damp morn- at the Hot Wells, on expressing a cen inys, after coming out of hot-curtained tainty that he could not live out another beds; frequently lodged on the humid week, was advised by a stranger, as that banks of a muddy river, in houses whose was bis opinion, to try an experiment to walls, being constructed of rude masses save his life, and to go to a poor woman's of petrosilex, are always cold, and often cottage in the neighbourhood, where damp in the spring; to see inany of there literally was nothing to be had but these unfortunate beings condemned to bread, potatoes, and water. drink profusely of water on an empty sto- subsisted on nothing else for the first mach, or load their jaded digestive facul- week, scarcely eating any thing whatever, ties with balsamic mixtures, or repose on and, when I saw him, was completely contaminated feather-beds, probably one recovered, having continued this low of the many original causes of this cruel diet from choice for about a year after. disease to the healthy who attend them, wards. and possibly the very origin of the disease The second is more remarkable. itself; for thousands of feather-beds (that A linen-draper, connected with a house accursed invention of unthinking luxury,) in Bread-street, Cheapside, being conin this country, have not for centuries per- sidered in a deep decline, was sent by formed any quarantine, while even new his physicians to Gibraltar, where his ones, as they are called when the ticking distemper increased, until an order came is new, are often little else but pest-con- to dismiss all the English from the garriductors, composed of materials from bro- son, war being declared suddenly with kers' shops, to which they are generally Great Britain. Embarked without delay consigned by the heirs of those who died in a felucca, he was scarcely out of the of contagious diseases.-To see these harbour when an Algerine pirate took things and be silent in the view of such them prisoners, and this gentleman was

He went,

first stripped, then allowed a jacket and the Estuaries of the Severn Sea, itself the a coarse pair of greasy trowsers, and at seat of heavy vapours, fogs, and dense night consigned to the cold benches of inists; where agues are within the reach the long-boat without straw or covering: of a ride, for all along every vale leading the food was black bread, with coarse to its waters they reign; and through fibres and stalks in it, and thus be re- Dordham Down, and from Herfield to: mained until the vessel arrived at Al the hills all around, the air is the parest giers, exposed nightly to cold, dews and of the pure, yet the vicinity of our wete : rain; and when there, daily driven to the dock and grounds, that extend from the common slave-narket for sale.

Hot-wells to Camion's Marsh, can never Yet under this discipline this gentle- be fit for tender lungs. The water of man got daily better in health, and finally the Hot-we!ls, even under its ac present was so well recovered of his disorder, as, improper management, thousands know on procuring his liberty, by means of the to be a great corrector of intestinal Neapolitan Envoy, to go by Minorca to aerimony; and could they be received as Spain, and from thence walk all the they rise out of the earth with all their way to England. When I saw him on light and wholesome air, fresh, as I his return, he was perfectly hearty, may say, from the mine, and thus, strong, and very able to have walked drank, accompanied with some light with ease thirty miles a day.

bread, or wholesoine food, at ang He attributed his cure to want of food time that was agreeable to the patient, (for at first he could not eat his wretched and in what quantity also was agreeable allowance), and to the cold dews of the to him, no doubt they would do wodnight in a fine atmosphere. I could add ders--but prescribed, as they often are, to these cases others, that point out to , at too early hours, in too large quantities, privations and dry cold air for their cure. and on an empty stomach ; or, which is The upper parts of Glocestershire, from still worse, atter previvusly being physickCirencester to Stowe in the Wold, have ed and weakened, it is no wonder they done more towards recovering persons have lost their reputation; especially approaching to consumption, thian all the when we consider that they are drank damp warm southern coast of England.- from a cistern, not from the spring headt,'In parturition the people called Gypsies and consequently, less warm and more rarely ever suffer a ferer,, or lose a child, vapid, of course less imbued with those and they always chuse to be delivered in virtues which once made them so justly the open air, even in winter, and pre- famous in these cases. fer a high and dry flat country for that But while a company of merchants hold purpose. All animals do the like by these noble springs, the gift of heaven to instinct; and whatever dumb creature the whole island, under perhaps a ques. has by accident dislocated a joint, or tionable right of manor, and conduct broke a bone, seeks the nearest wet ditch, thein as a profitable concern, there is where, although often half famished, he little hope of their sources being ever une assuredly recovers without a fever. But veiled as they ought to be to all eyes; ji will be replied, with loud consent, or baths formed in abundance, as are: Would

you have us treat consumptive de- daily wanted for hundreds lingering unlicate patients thus? and what are we to der ulcerous complaints, for which they do in the winter? To which I can only are a sovereign acknowledged curatives calmly answer, Not without their own lotion, consent: but in cases called desperate, To effect this desirable object, the ci which may not after all be so, I can see , tizens of Bristol lave, however, only to no objection, if they admit of the reason- demand of any one presenting himself at ing, to go very great lengths in this way, the next election for member of parliaaccording to their habits of life ; for before ment, that he shall undertake to toring in we get rid of a malady so fatal and con: a bill for the purpose of purchasing this tagious, we must submit to many reso- spring of the inerchants, and restoring it lute experiments.

to the public, to whoin it ongłıt ever to Again, if I were to seek for an air have belongeil, with every accommodaproper for a person in this disease, I tion that the corporation-could have proslyuld always chuse to send him to that chred, gratis. where the sheep seldom are subject to In that case proper houses might he the rot, and where many recover that are erected of the driest materials, where tainted, as in the upper part of Gloces- the air could be tempered by sicam and tershire I know to be the case; not to ventilators; to reogise the consumptivos 2



patients; whose beds might be of clean An improvement in the mode of soft straw, or tern, with conveniences for joining horizontal wires, qualifies every exercise, both within and without, suit- part of the length equally to bear the highable to the winter months, with accom- est degree of tension. modation also for riding, swinging, &c.; The invisible fence, in this simple form, in short, a real establishment for the cure of the height of three feet and six inches, of phthysis on the best principles; where las in the royal pleasure grounds at Frogs students in medicine might have every more, and in various parks of the nobility opportunity of acquainting themselves and gentry, been invariably found adewith the whole progress of that stubborn quate to exclude the largest and strongest disease, and learn from the communica- kinds of grazing stock. Increased in height tions of their numerous patients its gene- two feet, the fence becomes applicable to ral origin.

deer parks : deer have never been found To such houses there can be no doubt, to injure it, or attempt to leap it, and apI think, of finding subscribers; for as pear to avoid it as a snare, probably dethe generality of the sufferers under this tered by its transparent appearance. disease are among the wealthy classes, When it is intended to keep lambs out of and most axe softened deeply by their plantations, perpendicular wires, coinpasufferings, we might expect great support ratively small, are interwoven upon the from many patients and their relations, lower horizontal wires: and to protect at least as much as would sustain the flowers and exotics from hares and rabpoor who come for advice.

bits, it is only necessary to narrow the inThus, Sir, I have thrown together a terstices, by minute additions to the upfew loose hints that I hope may be ulti- right wires. On substances so small, premately serviceable to the public; for my senting a round surface, neither rain nor motto has always been, that every ef- snow can lodge; independent of which, by fort in a good cause does good, and that a coating of paint, they are preserved froin we are never so blameable as when we the effects of the weather. despair.

The strength attained by the principles Bristol, Your's, &c.

on which the materials are manufactured, Jan. 4, 1809. G. CUMBERLAND. and the erection of the fence is constructo,

ed, cannot be justly conceived, but by a To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. person who has witnessed the effect of a "SIR,

considerable force impressed, or weight I

BÉG leave to submit for insertion, in lodged on a single wire of a fence erected.

the Monthly Magazine, a description The tempered elasticity of the tort-string, of a new fence for enclosing pleasure allows it to bend, and on the removal of grounds.

the oppressing force, the vigorous recoil of The basis of the invisible fence is elas- the wire, vibrating till it reassumes a persic iron wire, manufactured, prepared, and fectly straight line, shews that a violent applied by a process discovered and ma- shock cannot warp it.

Your's, &c. tured by the undersigned. Of this infran- King's Road,

J. PILTON, gible material, which for the main-wires Chelsea. must be drawn out to the thickness of a sinall reed, continuous strings are inserted

To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. horizontally through upright iron stanche

SIR, ons; the interval between the strings is .

VOUR Correspondent, C. Lofft, may about nine inches, between the stanche

have “ remembered," but he cerons about seven feet. The horizontal wires in a state of tension, are fastened

tainly has forgot." The two lines in

Hudibras are, to two main stancheons at the extremities of the fence, passing at freedom through

For those that fly may fight again, holes drilled in the intermediate stanche

Which he can never do that's slain. ons. The tension of each horizontal wire

See Canto iii. Part 3, v. 243. is preserved by the superior stability of If, however this gentleman is possessed the extreme stancheons, on the construc- of an edition which contains either of the tion of which, and the mechanism of the lines in question, I shall consider myself base-work, the whole as a barrier against much obliged to him for the information. heavy cattle, depends.

My edition is that of 1726, with cuts by When the extent of the fence is great, llogarth. the main-stancheons are relieved at expe

Your's, &c cient distances by other principal stanche

Díarch 2, 1809.



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To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. prince, notwithstanding his extreme amSIR,

bition, thought proper to respect the priWE following is a sketch of the appulse vileges of the nation. His successor was

of Venus to Jupiter, with three of less prudent; he wished to be absolute the satellites of Jupiter, represented as sovereign in the Low Countries, as he was then visible,

in Spain. Not contented with abolishing all the laws, and imposing arbitrary taxes, he resolved to establish the Inquisition. The despotism of the monarch produced the effects which might be expected. The discontent of all orders, brought on a general insurrection.

The principal

nobles, at the head of whom were the 20 75

Counts Egmont and Horn, assembled at

va 30 25 20 75

Brussels, in order to state their claims to Margaret of Parma, who then governed the Netherlands. That princess communicated their remonstrances to the court of Madrid, which sent for answer the Duke of Alva, with a large army, and with orders to employ force to exact submission. In the midst of the general

consternation, one man alone, William of It was taken with a very good reflector Nassau, thought of taking up arms, of eighteen inches focal distance, and a while the others thought only of submitpower of about sixty, whose field of view ting. He had neither troops nor money is 30'. The lowest satellite was very to resist such a powerful monarch as near in a line with Venus.

Philip. Persecutions multiplied, and the The upper scale of minutes of a degree, blood of the two principal chiefs, who represents the distance of the planets were taken and beheaded, along with from each other, and from the edge of eighteen other men of note, became the the telescope, very nearly: the under, the bond which cemented the union of the diameter of the visual area. The early republic of the United Provinces. part of the time I observed chietly with The states of Holland and Zealand, my night glass.

assembled at Dort, united theinselves Time of observation, 26th of January, with the Prince of Orange, and acknowfrom 56. 55'. to 7h. 14'.

ledged bim as Stadholder. It was reThe distance to the naked eye, to mine solved that each province and city should at least, appeared about 4 inches, as enjoy its own rights and privileges; that here delineated, though the real distance they should mutually assist each other ; upon an arc of the orbit of Jupiter, would and from that period the Batarians conamount to above four millions of miles sidered themselves as freed from the oath in right ascension. And the distance of of fidelity they had taken to Philip the the planets from each other, on a radius, Second. After a war which lasted for drawn from the sun, is near 420 millions. near four and twenty years, and during Their orbits and periods being so greatly which both parties fought with a fury aldifferent, a favourable opportunity for most unparalleled in history, the Spaobserving this phenomenon is rare. niards were obliged, by the peace of Troston, Jun. 26, 1809. Capel Lofft. Munster, in 1648, to recognize the Unted

Provinces as a free, sovereign, and indea For the Monthly Magazine. pendent state. About an hundred years SKETCAES of HOLLAND, under KING afterwards, in 1647, a revolution took

LOUIS NAPOLEON, 1806. From the place in the provinces, which altered seFRENCH of M. BRUN.

veral points in their government. The Baladred ,

years, had for its chiefs strates, whose places they regarded as prices of its own nation, was governed tyrannical and hereditary, demanded by strangers; and passed successively from that the stadholdership should be for life. the house of Hainault, to that of Bavaria, Prince William of Nassau, known by the then to that of Burgundy and Austria. name of William the Third, was named Such was the situation of the Dutch, till to the office by the unanimous voice of the accession of Charles the Fifth; that the people, and it was enacted that the MONTHLY Mag, No. 183.



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