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may be the reason, the consumption of form of proof, wherever it can conveflesh-meat by no means equals that of niently be introduced, I shall give an fish, which constitutes a most essential enunciation of the fact, and then proceed part of their nourishment. In several to demonstrate. Balimer, the father of districts of Holland, the ordinary diet of Theodoric, who conquered Italy, wore the people is fish, with the addition of silk next his skin, and was not subject to potatoes and flour. Animal food, in much cutaneous moisture. general, bears a very high price in Hol- Proof.-Persons of dry skins, (and no land.
other) upon pulling off stockings made of Beer is the principal drink, but the silk, (and no other materials) often obconsumption is much less since the in. serve electric sparks proceeding from troduction of tea and coffee. If the use their legs. Now Balimer, observed this of beer, however, has decreased, mead phenomenon : therefore Balimer was a and other liquors made from honey and dry man, and wore silk next his skin. sugar, have fallen more into disuse, since Q. E. D. the Dutch have found the means of Eustathius, p. 513. 4. Ed. Rom. Bariçesp procuring wines at a reasonable price, ο Θευδρίχου πατήρ, και κατακρατήσας Ιταλίας, which they import from France, Spain, φασίν, ασπάσης, του οικείου σωματος σπινθήρας and Germany.
απέταλλε. Καίτις δε σοφός παλαιός φησι περί They use great quantities of spirituous cavtoữ, öre avdyouévou Tore xai ludvou évou duliquors, particularly Geneva, which they
του, σπινθήρες απεπήδων εξαίσιοι, έστιν ότε και look
κτυπούντες· ενίοτε δε και φλόγες όλαι κατε upon as a national liquor.
λαμπον, φησί, το ιμάτιον μη καίουσαι To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. trical observation, that I ain aware of, on
This is curious, as being the first elecSIR,
record. As another instance, that the duty, if he confines tris relation to the public actions of the individual whom many cases been anticipated by the ai
cients, I will observe, that an idea which he commemorates, without following him has been favourably received amongst into the scenes of private life. We are
geologists of late
years, all curious to ascertain the personal ha
and which indeed bits and particularities of an illustrious appears a physical probability, was first character, and are even gratified by dis suggested by an author, of whom these covering what the Marquis de l'Hôpital
theorists, I imagine, never heard the enquired, respecting Sir Isaac Newton, is, that the nucleus of the earth consists
The hypothesis to which I allude wliether he ate, drank, and slept, like of water ; and certainly it solves the pheother men. The reason is obvious; an
nomena of subterraneous convulsions acquaintance of this sort with the per- with great facility; the author mentioned, son and manners, embodies our idea of is Gregorius Cyprius, Patriarch of Conthe subject of the narrative, and brings stantinople, in a tract entitled, “ Maris the circumstances of it more distinctly to Laudatio."'p. 6. Ed. Morel. Paris. our mind's eye. I apprehend that no
Και θέσις δε αυτή, ως εκ των ειρημένων εικάperson can read the description of a bat- σαι, το μεσαίτατον του παντός, είπερ και της tle, without having a graphic representa- gñs cò lesov å trorevéuntas qñ Jankooni nad tion of the scene of action, and of the κινδυνεύει τα λόγω, μή κέντρον την γην δε θάλασ. respective generals, present to his ima- rar sivko.
B. J. C. gination; and the same effort of that power of the mind, less in degree, is ex- To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine erted whilst tracing the life of an indi- SIR, Thus, whenever the nanie of
life, been more perceive the prominent forehead, bald- gument of Rousseau's, in favour of making ness, and owotns of the father of philo- children happy, during infancy, from the sophy; and our idea of Queen Elizabeth probability that they may never taste the is inseparably connected with a large happiness of a remoter period, but that ruff and diainond stomacher. I have accident or disease may bring them to an prefixed the above observations as pro- early grave. Nothing can be more af. legomena," to an historical deduction, fecting than such a consideration. · This which 'in some measure tends to parti- led me to speculate upon the general cularize an individual of considerable im- happiness of the inhabitants of boardingportance, in the annals of the Roman schools, and upon the carelessness with eippire. As I approve of a mathematical which many a naturally tender mother 4
Socrates Thumentioneer, straightway I forciblyseruck, than by die buching are
consigns her darling, to the care of a per. governess. In the case of the slave. son almost unknown to her; and satisfied trade, Mr. Clarkson found it impossible with perceiving no immediate signs of ill to induce many of his evidence to tell the health, or dissatisfaction, when she comes same story to the house of commons, home in the holidays, neglects to enquire they had done to him, froin fear of the how the intermediate time has been resentment of the other party. The mospent; how inany tears have been shed; tive of this letter is to excite tenderness how much of happiness, or at least the in the bosoms of those who have the capacity for happiness, has been thrown care of youth; and in their parents, vin away, by the mistaken moral views of gilance to discover the want of it, at their teachers. I beg leave most de- those times when cross examination and cisively to protest against any general enquiry is in their power. Whoever has reflections ; 'I have no doubt but many had an opportunity of comparing the heads of the institutions I allude to, are feelings of one time of life, with those of tender, benevolent, and excellent per- another, will find that, when very young, sons; to such, my observations do not they are infinitely more acute, than at a apply, and happy are the children that more advanced age, when they are mofall under their care: but when I recol- derated by other considerations. An lect the sigkt of an innocent creature, unkind look, or word, at that time goes moistening a scanty piece of dry bread, straight to the heart; when older, they (given her for a meal) with her tears, ex- begin to feel that an undeserved reproof posed to all the shame it was in the loses much of its bitterness. If Prince power of authority to inflict, for such Ahmed's* glass were presented to the crimes as making too much noise, or not absent inother, she would often feel her being willing, or perhaps able, to learn a heart wring with the sight of the manner tedious task; surely I have thought these in which her child was passing her time, people imagine the world too happy, that I have no doubt, but the present rage for they must be in such a hurry to make accomplishments has contributed to the their fellow-creatures taste the cup of destruction of the happiness, and even misery. I do not object to wholesome the life of many a delicate girl. I would discipline, but I contend, that starvation have them take in as much of those emis not a proper punishment. This evil is bellishments, as they have a decided taste not so prevalent in boys' schools, as in for; but I would not make them the first those of girls; indeed, I am inclined to object of their lives. Let them have no think it very rarely exists among the for- melancholy associations with the days of iner; but among the latter, the notions their youth, and they will probably lay in of delicacy, fine shapes, and perhaps a a stock of chearfulness, that may enlittle economy lurking at the bottom, hance their future happiness, or soften are often destructive of the comforts of a their future misery: I cannot end this hearty meal. The evils that are the con- better, than by giving the reader the elosequences of this system are innumer- quent passage I alluded to at the beginable. Ask any physician,whether most of ning of the sickness he meets with among the “Que fauc il donc penser de cette edupoor, does not arise from their being ill cation barbare qui sacrifie le present à un fed. Growing children, if in health, have avenir incertain, qui charge un enfant de always very good appetites; and if they chaines de tout espece, et commence par are stinted, the consequence must be a
le rendre miserable pour lui preparer au loss of strength that will render them loin, je ne sais quel pretendu bonheur, more easily the prey of any accidental dont il est à croire qu'il ne jouira jamais disorder; and it is notorious, that one of Quand je supposerois cette éducation the causes of scrofula and consumption raisonnable dans son objet, comment is low feeding. The appetite easily ac
voir sans indignation de pauvres inforcommodates itself to an allowance, and
tunés soumis à un joug insupportable, et the present suffering, after a while, is not
condamnés à des travaux continuels so much as the future danger; it is not comme des galériens, sans être assuré therefore surprizing, that it should not que tant de soins leur seront jamais dwell sufficiently on a child's mind, to
utiles ? L'âge de la gaieté se passe au induce any complaints at home; to milieu des pleurs, des châtimens, des which may be added, the odium that at- menaces, de l'esclavage. On tourmente teneis an informer, the dishonour that is le malheureux pour son bien, et l'on ne affixed to any tales told out of school, and the fear of being confronted with hier
* Arabian Nights.
In your miscellany of the 1st of Janu. Rovna enot coc 226. George II. also the
voit pas la mort qu'on appelle et qui va duction, but earnestly wish those who le saisir au milieu de ce triste appareil. have more legal knowledge than I Qui sait combien d'enfants périssent. have, would take pains to make themvictimes de l'extravagante sagesse d'un selves well acquainted with the subject, pere ou d'un maitre ? Heureux d'échap- and point out, in such manner, as may per à sa cruauté, le seul avantage qu'ils seem to them most proper any defects tirent des maux qu'il leur a fait souffrir, which may be found. One alteration is est de mourir sans regretter la vie, dont most desirable, which is, that seduction ils n'ont connu que les tourments.” under promise of marriage, or by any Rousseau Emile, 2d. book.
artifice whatever, should be constituted Your's, &c. X. an offence punishable by indictment.
I wish to be referred to the best ac, To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine.count of the speeches made in parlia
inent by those members who opposed the SIR, N
A. 2 ary, marriage-act. prisoners committed to Newgate in 1802,
February 10, 1809. and four following years; there is one part of it to which 'I wish now to call To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. the attention of some of your readers, in SIR, order that they may be convinced of the N a late Number of your Magazine, mischiefs which arise in a pecuniary way, from suffering brothels to remain, and tract from his Port-folio, very confidently permitting prostitutes to walk the streets asserts, on the authority of uncontraat night. If justice and humanity are not dicted tradition,” that the Travels of Gaur found of sufficient force, policy may be dentio di Lucca, were written by Bishop called in, in behalf of numbers of our in- Berkeley. It is, I think, a matter of nocent fellow-creatures, who may, and little consequence; but I am able to tell no doubt will, if some measures are not your correspondent, who really was the speedily adopted, fail victims to the arts author of those supposed Travels. Why of vicious men.
In the account above. they were given to the bishop I could mentioned, we imagine the article, “ Fe. never understand. He may then know, males stealing froid men's persons,” to
that the “ learned romance," as he styles signify robberies either committed by it, was written by a Mr. Simon Peeringe prostitutes in the streets, or in houses of ton, a descendant of the ancient family ill fame, on the persons of their guilty of that name, in the county of Hereford, associates. The number in the five years and a clergyman of the church of Rome. amounted to one hundred and sixty-nine; My assertion rests on the testimony of as follows in 1802-31
many of his relations, now deal, among 1803_25
whoin, his nephew, the late head of the 1804-25
family, and who was educated by him, 1805-43
has often, in my hearing, said, that his 1806-45
uncle wrote the work, and that he recola
lected many circumstances of the pubs Total 169
lication. The same gentleman was the
author of other works, to some of which The number of persons in the same he put his name, which are, The great period committed for picking pockets, Duties of Life, and the Mosaic Creations was 146, which appears worthy of notice. He was a man of learning, and of much May we not with good reason conclude, humour, and, secretly cogaging in the that a great proportion of offences of the politics of the day, wrote many songs
and sort here noticed, never become public, satirical ballads, which were circulated for there can be little doubt but that among the Jacobites. The singularities many people, who were robbed in this of his character, though inoffensive, were truly disgraceful manner, would not wish not few. The latter years of his life the affair to be known. It might be were spent in London, where he died more than a matter of mere curiosity, io about the mindle of the last century. I have the amount of the sums so stolen just recollect to have seen him, when I ascertained.
I do not mean to decide was struck by his high stature, and the horv far the present existing laws are suf gravity of his aspect. His motive for ficient for the prevention of female se writing " Gaudencio di Lucca," was to MONTHLY Mag. No. 183.
raise a little money, and to try the cre- Experiment 1.-Four potatoes, of the dulity of mankind. Of this credulity he sort called here Captain Hart, weighing had ample proof; for his fiction was re- 3607 grains, were put into a saucepan ceived by many as a true story.
with cold water, which was made to boil Dec. 14, 1808.
J. B. in five minutes, and kept siminering at a
boiling heat, for an hour. "The water To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. was then poured off, and the saucepan, SIP.,
with the potatoes, again set over the fire T the present season, when wheat is for two minutes, to evaporate the moisis already exceeding dear, it becomes a tatoes. They were now taken out and duty to employ all the means in our weigbed, whilst quite hot, and were found power, to discover a substitute for that to weigh 3562 grains, having lost 45 valuable article of food.
grains. When they were cool enough to If the numerous advantages which be handled, and ceased to give out any would result from the general use of the vapour in the temperature of the air in common potatoe, were sufficiently un- the room, which was 540 Fahr. they were derstood, we should have more than a again put into the balance, and weighed temporary substitute for the grain of 3550 grains, having now lost 57 grains of wheat, as the nutritive property of that their original weight. They were afterinestimable root, and the numerous me- wards placed in a cellar for twelve hours, thods of preparing it for food, would be and then weighed 3527 grains, having such as to exclude wheat from being any lost in the whole, by being boiled, 80 longer considered as an indispensable grains. Thus we find that the potatoe, necessary of life, even in this kingdom, cooked for the table, by boiling loses where the prejudices of the people little more than two per cent of its against the introduction of any substitute weight. for wheat, appear to be more strongly But in another experiment which I rooted, than in any other nation upon made by boiling a single potatoe, whicla earth.
weiglued 1300 grains, it lost only 10 grains As this is my opinion of the real uti- after being boiled for an hour, and then lity of the potatoe, I am induced to un- cooled in a cellar for twelve bours. dertake the solution of the question, “ Is I confess that these experiments rather boiling or roasting, the most economical surprized me, as I had suspected a priori, mude of cooking the potatoe ?”—in order that the root would have lost more in that, if one or other of these processes weight by boiling, and that it would aftershould prove to be exceedingly extra- wards have absorbed moisture from the vagant, we may relinquish the practice, air of a damp cellar. Hence we learn the and thus in future guard against the folly of remaining satisfied with mere crime of unmeaning wastefulness: a suppositions, when it is so easy a matter crime, which though little thought of, to ascertain and establish facts by direct and not sufficiently exposed to public experiments. censure, is daily, and even hourly com- The water in which the potatoes were mitted by the giddy and the thoughtless, boiled, acquired the colour of an infuto the incalculable injury of the needlysion of green-tea, and contained some poor.
mucilage or gum in solution, which gave In no instance is this unnecessary it something of the flavour of high dried wastefulness more conspicuous, than in malt. The extractive matter which the the daily operations of cooking the com- water at first dissolved, was afterwards mon articles of our food, in which the coagulated by the heat, one portion prepoor themselves are continually, though cipitating to the button, while the other sometimes unintentionally committing formed a scum upon the surface of the this crime, the effects of which can fall fluid. If this liquor be freed from the only upon their own heads, and that too, extractive, by filtering it through five at the very time it is committed. I linen, it becomes a wholesome and nu. would I had the ability to wield the pen tritious fluid, not possessing the least with such irresistible power, as to com- deleterious property, as has been command what I write to be felt, to enable monly attributed to it. But I shall have me to impress upon the minds of those, occasion at another time, to notice the whom in this world it most concerns, qualities of this fluid, when treating of this simple truth, that by unmcaning the infusion of raw potatoes. wastefulness, the poor sin against thenia Experiment 2.--- A Captain-Hart poselves!
tatoe, weighing 1220 grains, was placed under hot embers, and roasted for an the root;-an enormous waste! which hour, but it was not thoroughly cooked. added to the thick bard dry indigestible It weighed, whilst hot, 1028 grains, and surface of the roasted potatoe, that is after being placed in a cellar for twelve generally left as refuse; the want of ecohours, it weighed 1010 grains, having lost nomy is so prodigious, that especially in in the whole, though not sufficiently these times, this mode of cooking that cooked, 210 grains, being rather more nutritious vegetable, ought not to be tothan one-sixth, or not quite 20 per cent lerated, even at the tables of the opulent. of its original weight.
Where is the poor man, whose family Experiment 3.-A Captain-Hart po- having gleaned one hundred measures of tatoe, weighing 1198 grains, was covered wheat, who would cast forty of them into with hot embers, and roasted for an hour the river, and reserve sixty only for the and a half, when it was found to be supply of himself and family? thoroughly cooked. Before it was quite Or what should we think of the rich cold, it weighed 818 grains, having lost man, who having purchased a hundred by roasting S30 grains! Being then placed bushels of meal, were to order forty of in a cellar for twelve hours, it imbibed them to be buried under a dunghill, lest four grains of moisture from the damp they should afford nutriment to the needy air of the cellar, weighing now 822 around him? Yet as great an absurdity grains.
as these, is the unmeaning wastefulness From this last experiment we learn, of roasting the invaluable root of the that when the potatoe is cooked by roast- potatoe.
ABSTRACT for 1808.
Degrees of Inches and
DAYS' OF RAIN,
2.6 3 16
129.7 15 3.6 15
413 30. 129.4 29.4 2.13 1.11 11 54 33
413 30.1 28.8 29.7 1.2 8 8 26 30/30 1 23.8 29.7 1.8 4 12
8 5 24
29.8 27.7 20.7 194 1891 137 99
total lotai (total trial tutal total
Register of Occurrences for 1808, January 1st to 10th, often clear, and in west: 17th, to end of the month, wind general soft, open weather, wind south- continued westerly, but in other respects, west, barometer rising. A gale of wind weather proved very unsettled, alteron the 10th was followed by three days nately two or three days of frost and of snow and sleet, and alior another snow, followed by the same space of sleet severe gale from the north on the 14th, and rain, barometer keeping low. we had three days of frost, with showers Februury 15t to 7th, frequent showers of snow, wind shifting from north to of rain, sleet and snow; 7th tu 14th, in