que may liereafter arise who shall be able of July were remarkable for storms of so) lay down rules more general and more hail, accompanied with thunder and accurate than any which have heretofore lightning. One, on the 15th of that been given, and from which, either by nonth, has been described with inuch means of the barometer and thermo interest in the last volume of the Monthmeter, or of the state of the clouds, a ly Magazine, (See vol. xxvi. p. 302person may judge, with a degree of pre- 8.) by an eye-witness; to which cision not yet attainable, of the weather the reader may be referred, as well to be expected.

for the facts contained in it, as for The average heat of each month in the many judicious philosophical obserthe years 1807 and 1808, is as follows. vations incorporated with it. I have

in my meteorological reports, attached 1807. 1808.

to each number, recorded the principal January

facts relating to this subject, which will 40.066 39.500 February

render it unnecessary to repeat what will 37.000 39.230

be found in their respective places. I March 41.730 39.230

shall therefore only give a sort of sum. April 14.740 | 42.000

mary for the whole year. May 58.933 64.733

The average of bent, as may be seen June

61.564 61.000 July

above, is 50.619, and the average height 70.000 68.000 August

of the barometer is 29.724, which is 69.500 64.670 September

something less than what it was the pre56.230 | 60 000 October

ceding year : and the quantity of rain 59.080 49.00 November

fallen is 30.55 inches in height for the 11.320 49.25 December

whole year. The greatest cold in the 34.900 36.825

year was on January 22, and the great,

est heat on July 14. 51.665 | 50.619

Of the 366 days, 162 may be denoIt will be observed froin this state- minated brilliant, that is, days in which ment, that the general average of heat the sun was scarcely covered for any for the whole year differs but little from length of uime with a cloud-39 were that of the last. It is about one degrec fair-29 cloudy, in which the sun was colder, though we had in the month of not seen on 119 there was rain-and July hotter weather than was probably on 18 there was either snow or bail. ever known in this country. The ten- The wind has blown 38 days from the perature for January, Marchi, April, north-19 from the south-52 from the June, July, August, and October, bas west-54 from the cast. In the northbeen lower this year than tie last; in cast it has been 41 days--south-cast 57 the other months it has been higher. porth-west 65--and south-west 57.

The year commenced with stormy wea- It may not be uninteresting to bring ther, which did much damage on the into one point of view the average state coast, and in some of the interior parts of the atmosphere for the last seven years. of the country. Of some nights towards The reader will recollect that the obserthe latter end of the year a similar re- vations were made at Camden-Town, a mark may be made; and in many parts village about two miles north-west of St. of the kingdom, several days in the month Paul's cathedral.

Average Height of Average Height of Depth ot Rain in the Barometer. the Thermometer.


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The only rewark - that I shall inok: is, that the quantity of rain in the whole year is not by any means proportional to the density of the atmosphere. Highgate, Jun. 9, 1809.

Your's, &c. J.J.


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For the Monthly Magazine. he was capable, and not doubting but he ACCOUNT of the RE-CONQUEST of sor- would kill the physician, if he saw him,

NANDY from the ENGLISH, in the REIGN she hid him under the curtains, till Soof HENRY vi. from mss. in the NA- merset was gone out ; she was however TIONAL LIBRARY of FRANCE, marked not less sensible than himself of the loss 6197, 6198, 5964, written by Ro- of Pont de l'Arche, for on hearing of it,

she jumped out of her bed, running Nume first published in England. and crying, without perceiving that she

Blondel, comparing the on, with the cause which produced warmth of the husband with the grief of the breach of the trace, between France the wife, makes this honorable observa. and England. It was the capture of tion, concerning the English women: that Fougeres, by the English in 14-18, from although the men of that nation are of a the Duke of Brittany, who had been violent temper, which knows no bounds, included in the treaty. Francis de So- the women are full of sweetness and hurienne, an Arragonese, in the service of manity. These traits of ancient national England, had surprised the place, and character, softened without doubt in carried off an enormous boory. The sume respects, may still be discovered. Duke of Brittany and the King of France England demanded the restitution of complained to Sonjerset, and demanded Pont de l'Arche, France that of Fougeres redrese. Somerset gave up Surienne; and reparation of damages. They nebut Blondel affirms, that he was expressly gociated, but without success. Then authorised by Somerset, in the name of the King of France, having held a grand the Kilig of England. The council of council, resolved to recommence the war. England made the same reply, but not- Our author here gives a long speech, withstanding approved what Somerset made by the chancellor, in which he had done, and engaged to support him. exposes the various grievances, commitThe English historians athirm, on the ted by the English since the truce. Among contrary, that they would have agreed other things, he says, that they sent out to the restitution of the place, upon their garrison upon the roads from Pácondition that the value of the damages ris to Orleans and Rheims in the mas. could have been settled, and the French querade disguise of dedils, to rob and muta had not made reprisals.

der the passengers. These roprisals were the capture of Blondel here makes à digression Punt de l'Arche, in which affair historians upon the establislment of the free arhave not noted, that the chief part was chers by Charles VII, and the advanplayed by a tradesman of Louviers, tage of that institution. He gives it with named Jean Hotel. Having made his reason, the highest eulogium. Instead agreement with the porter to let him in of companies more devoted to robbery before day, under pretence of bringing than war, and who practised the former in some goods, he encumbered the bridge when the war tas ended, even upon those with his cart; afterwards having on pur- from whom they received thieir pay; pose let the money fall, which he drew troops paid by the people, dreadful to from his pocket to pay the sun agreed, the enemy doring war, became quiet he killed the guard, as he stooped down citizens during peace, devoted to con to pick it up, and afterwards a young in- merce, arts, and agriculture. habitant, who ran thither in his shirt to The war then recommenced, and raise the draw-bridge. Then Flogues Verneuil, was taken by stratagem in July and Mareni, who were in ambuscade 1449. This event is recounted by the with the troops, threw themselves into well known historians, but the recital of the town and took possession of it. An Blondel is more detailed, and differs in inbabitant escaped over the wall, and some circumstances, which he appears to ran to Rouen to carry the news to So- have learned from persons worthy of merset, who came to him in a rage, for credit.-Verneuil was surrounded with a he was of a very passionate charac- wall, near which were built mills, turned Ler; and our author gives the following by a rivalet, which fell into the ditch of trait of it. When Pont de l'Arche was the place. An Englishman of the garria taken, the wife of Somerset was sick, son kept a woman, whom he suspected to and bad with her a French physician, na: have a connection with the miller of one Ked Jean Tiffeigne. Hearing her huse of the mills. He picked a quarrel against Land coming into her chamber, furious the miller, under pretext of the guard against the French, and knowing of what of the town, due from the citizens, and MONTHLY Mac, No. 181,



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- treated this man exceedingly ill. The hundred and twenty English in the place. miller projected revenge, by delivery of Some were killed, or made prisoners in the town to the French. He went to flying to the castle. The French, followed the bailiff of Evereux, Robert de Flo- hy the citizens, did not wait for scaling gues, and proposed to introduce him ladders, but clambered up the wall, one into the place. Flogues (wice refused, leaped armed as he was upon the drawfrom fear of some treachery; but the bridge, though it was raised; and the Engmiller pressing the matter, he at last lish were obliged to fly to a tower, which agreed. The miller, as generous as could not be taken, but by fainine. It vindictive, asked no other recompence surrendered at discretion, August 22, than the honour of having served the and the English were reduced to thirty king; but, added he, I require one con- men. There were among them some bandition, it is, that when the town is taken, ditti, whom the king bad commanded no Frenchman shall receive any damage. then not to let escape; but having cor

Flogues arranged matters with the rupted the centinels, they descended in Count de Dunois, and ordered the se- the night hy cords, and carried away a neschal of Poitou, Pierre de Brezé, to great deal of money.

Florent d'Illien, bring him some troops. To conceal the who had the charge of the siege, was design, the Count de Dunois and Flogues, greatly reproached on this account. pretended to have a hunting party in [Atiner picture, though unintended by the forest of Couches, near Verneuil. the author, of the bravery of a handful of Their wives,who were sisters,came there, English overpowered by numbers, cannot and there was much bunting, with great be given; and the caution and corruption splendour. They fixed on the mght of of the French, ill accords with the bomthe 19th or 20th of July for the execution bast of extraordinary exploits, in the afof their projecta

fair of the boots, draw-bridge, &c.] The iniller in the mean while obtain

Talbot, the English general, who was ed an associate. As the 20th of July at Beaumont le Roger, heard of the capwas a Sunday, they had a pretence for ture of Verneuil, on the morrow; but le:ting the water run (on Saturday), be having been told at Vandreuil, that the cause they could not grind the next day. French were masters of the place, and One of them went to fetch the soldiers, that the Count de Dunvis was arrived concealed in the forest, the other remain- in force, he retreated to Neuborg. Dued watching upon the wall, and advised nois followed him, but could not prevent the English, who were on guard at that him from gaining Rouen. This retreat place, to go at break of day to hear mass.

was very fine. Although the printed Brezé then arrived with tbe soldiers, who

accounts speak of it, there are in the threw themselves into the foss. He MSS. some differences and particularities. was on foot at their head: but having The French were less successful at Pont his boots on, which were large and hea- Audeiger. This town was only defended vy, they were buried in the mud to by a pallisade and a ditch, in which such a degree, that he could not remove ran the river Rille. Brezé attempted to them; he left thein behind, and gained carry it by a coup de main; but when he and scaled the wall, * followed by his had arrived at the fauxbourg, he found people: nobodywas present to repel them,t that his men had deserted hiin to go and they descended into the high-street, hold- pillage. Notwithstanding this desering their swords drawn in their hands, tion, he passed the foss, tore up pabut conceuled under their cloaks, and lisades, and had entered the place, when advising the inhabitants in a low voice, the inhabitants rushed to repulse him, to keep within their houses, and they He found that he was almost alone, and would do them no harm. One person was obliged to retire. Danois approachhad the imprudence to attempt resistance ed to lay a regular siege. It might have and was killed upon the spot.

lasted a long time, for a supply of money The French, arrived at the gate, open- and troops had just arrived; but an accied it to the rest of their people, who dent expedited the surrender. The details were on horseback. There were only one

are not given by any other writer. A * Hence it appears that the bombastic young man, a relative of the Count of St. statements of the modern day, are of ancient Paul,

who was at the siege, atteinpting to

inuitate the Greek fire, had made a fireorigin.

* The passages in italics shew the unwary work, which he discharged upon the confessions of the author, and what absurdi- town, without informing the generals of it. ties he makes of trivial incidents:

It fell upon a thatched rout, which imme



diately took fire. The fame communi- Twenty-four English were killed, as cated to the neighbouring houses, and many made prisoners, and the rest disin an instant the distress was extreme, persed. Ilis victory cost bim dear. He The besiegers prepared to take advantage had with him the young Roisnivinen his of it, and put an end to the affair. The nephew, who was bringing a prisoner." inhabitants cried at once-To the fire ! He had taken off his helmet to breathe a To urms !--some ran to stop the pro- moment; the pertidious prisoner seized gress of the flames; others to the palli- the sword of Roisnivinen, whose head sades

. The soldiers of Picardy and the he saw disarmed, and killed hin. Near' Pays de Cuur jumped into the river; thirty prisoners paid upon the spot with their chiefs followed, they were up to

their lives, for this treachery.* their chin in water, and the current

Blondel relates, the battle of Formigny was rapid: but one supported the other, in the same manner as the other French they climbed up the bank, raised en dos historians, and he precisely agrees, with d'une (like an ass's back) tore up the pal- Matth. de Couci, concerning the numlisades, and jumped down into the town,

ber of dead on the side of the English, at lance's length.* The English to the He makes them annount to three thou. Dumber of five hundred had no resource

sand, six hundred, and sixty-four men, but to fly to a strong house, at the end of whilst the French lost only twelve! The the town, and were very soon compelled English, according to him, had in all seven to surrender.

thousand men, the French but three Then follows an account of the surren- thousand, five hundred. The English der of Maulès, which the Count de Bre- writers pretend that the French were quigny notices to be a gross falsehood-' far superior in number, and that the this, I pass over,of course,to proceed to un- English had only five thousand, of which published accounts of particular incidents. they lost only five hundred; but our au

Geffrey de Couvrou, who commanded thor explains the cause, and the Count for the king of France at Coutances, and thinks he is the only writer, who does so. Joachim Ronault at Saint Lo, at the The wind was so high, that it quite head of two hundred horse and some

blinded the eyes of the English with dust, infantry, went out at night and advanced and not only hindered them from aiming to the gates of Vire, which was then in their blows, but impeded the flight of the the hands of the English. They were tery, ncur taking it; for towards eight in Passing by a variety of superstitious the morning, they fell upon the man reasons assigned by the author for the who was on guard at the gate, and over- ill success of the English, I proceed to threw him by the thrust of a lance, and cut the capture of Avranches. This was the off the arm of another, who was atienpt- first result of the battle of Tormigny. ing to raise the draw-bridge; but the in- The author gives some particulars, not habitants running up at the noise, obliged to be found cisewhere. The English yothe French to retire! [Thus, more than

vernor, without hopes of succour, wishing two hundred men boast of having con

to save the inhabitants from the danger of quered two, but fled before the undisci- storm, was resolved to surrender; but his plined towns-people.] The infantry halted wife, young and handsome, whose bravery in the Fauxbourg, whence they carried equalled her charms, would not permit away tuo prisoners, by whom they learn- a place, impregnable on one side, ed that a party of three hundred English protected on the other by high walls and had left Vire on the preceding night. deep ditches, and defended by a garrison The French resolved to lie in ambuscade of five hundred men, to surrender, to surprise them on their return; but without striking a blow! She quitted her they were not there long, when the Eny- female dress, put on a helmet, and cuilish appeared and surprised the French rass, and with a truncheon in her hand, themselves. Ronault hesitated upon the barangued the soldiers, went from house measure he ought to take. Couvron cried to house, to the citizens, even to the eco out: It is no time to deliberate let us se

clesiastics, and animated them with an which has the fairest mistress ;' an expres

ardour like her own. They engaged to sion of chivalry common in that age. He put his lance in the rest, and rushed upon

We are not told, whether the English the English, followed by his people. former had infinite advantage over the lacter ;

were cavalry or infantry. In those times, the

who could do nothing with them till dise * More bombast like the boots.




defend themselves. In vain did the placed a large piece of cannon* upon Duke of Brittany batter the walls with a spot, which the sea covered twice a a formidable artillery. Being at the day, and battered the walls on the point of sapping them, and already mas- weakest side. They took care at the reter of the fort, the inhabitants demanded turn of every tide, to stop the mouth of a capitulation; then, this same heroine, the cannon with wax and pitch, and copulled off her armour, clothed herself ver it with an entire piece of leather, so in her gayest dress, aided her natural that the sea, in covering it, could not wet charms by every possible art, and went to it. The effect of this battery was such, sce the Duke of Brittany. This prince that at the first discharge a large part of who was of an age which favored the the wall was thrown down, as well as a hopes which she had conceived, could tower built upon an angle, which was not refuse to such a negociatrix, the on that side. The inhabitants were tera favour which she asked. After this pre- rified, and Thomas Howel, who hude much amble (says the count shrewedly) one booty at sea, which he was afraid to lose, might have expected better terms than surrendered August 12th, 1450, upon marching out with a white staff in the condition, that they should liberate his hand, instead of a lance, and abandoning son, who remained as a hostage for the bag and baggage.

capitulation of Rouen. Thus, says BlonThe capitulation of Bayeux was nearly dei in finishing, were more than thirty upon the same conditions. More than places, and all Normandy conquered in a three hundred women went out, drawing year and sir days. [A most unequivocal behind them, or carrying their children, testimony of brave defence against an The French could not see such a sight enemy at home.] without emotion! they gave them horses [Our historians observe, that affairs and carriages.

never went well after the death of Card. The English soon after further experi- Beaufort. The infancy and character of enced the generosity of the French to Henry VI. the squabbles of the courtiers their conquered enemies. Caen was sur- during the regency, the intestine factions rendered 1st July, 1450. Somerset, who of York and Lancaster did not however commanded there,left it, with his garrison prevent a long and tedious war, with of four thousand men, and went to sleep the French, on their own shores, and in a village, which he had before sacked very superior numbers, &c. It is suffiand delivered to the flames. The inha- cient to note, that they even needed the bitants refused provisions and lodging to stimulus of fanaticism, the Pucelle, to make the English, shewing them the ruins of any exertions at all. Our English offimore than sixty of their burnt houses, and cers uniformly admit the gallantry of the loading them with reproaches. The king French : but, though they cannot take a was informed of it, and made them bring ship, or conquer the British troops in provisions, and provide them lodgings.

equal numbers, St. Croix's continuThe town of Falaise was surrendered ator, mentions a patriotic Abbé, who the next day; and the deliverance of went to all the coffee-houses in the Palais Talbot, prisoner in Franee, was one of Royal, perpetually declaiming that twelve the conditions of capitulation. He was thousand men must be landed in England one of the best English generals; and before it could be conquered, whence he they strongly advised the King of France, got the name of Abbé Douze-mille homto retain him; but such treachery would If three hundred British marines have been unworthy of him. He loaded and afew Turks resisted the whole army Talbot with presents, and gave him his of Buonaparte at Acre for twenty-eight liberty. This general did not take advan- days, it is a matter of just doubt whether ana tage of it to resume his office; but went equal regular army would not teach even to Rome to profit by the indulgence of this mighty general what Sieyes is said to the jubilee.

have told him, that the "fiers insulaires" There remained but two places to sub- would pluck the laurels from his brow. due in all Normandy -Dompont and However Buonaparte is certainly to be acCherbourg. Dompont, according to our quitted of being the author of "bombustic author, surrendered at the first attack; statement;" this of the fifteenth century some writers say, notwithstanding, that it being precisely so. It is the mal de pays.] held out a siege of five days. Cherbourg a place so strong, that it was supposed it * He means a bombard, a huge mortar which pould not be taken but by famine, defen- shot enormous stones, such as those at Conded itself vigorously. But the French stantinople.



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