the two.

glad to be confirmed by Jussieu, in my To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. idea of affinity between the thea and SIR, is of a class inuch more naturally district Forenseveral years past I have had it in

contemplation to propose the formin its fructification from both than the ation of a society, for the abolition of myrtus and thea from each other; being cruelty to animals, and have mentioned of the polyadelphia. This serves the subject to several friends, who are prove, however, that the thea does par- eager to see so necessary and practicable take of the natural habit and character a measure carried into execution. I shall of the myrti and of the aurantia; and not expatiate hereupon the various abuses, as I said, perhaps not iinproperly, that it to which domesticated animals are subseems to forin an intermediate between jected; unfortunately they are too rrotori

ous; but shall only for the present observe, I am obliged to your correspondent that in busy commercial towns, the most Theiphilus, who I doubt not is a better obvious (as they daily obtrude on the obbotanist than I pretend to be : but can servation) are the overloading of cart-liore hardly be a greater lover of plants. ses, and the consequent violence too often

The difference between opposite and used, to enforce the performance of uns alternate leaves, he will allow me to re- reasonable tasks imposed upon these uses mark (and those of the thea, are not very ful and noble animals, by the most bar. regularly alternate) will not exclude dened ruffians. Fortunately, this species plants thus distinguished from the saine of abuse is cognizable by our laws, and I Linnæan

genus, though it may constitute am happy to bear testimony from experia specific difference. In this I think we ence, of the proinptitude which the ma. are not likely to have any controversy. gistrates of this place have shewn, in At the same time, this minor difference fining the carters, upon information; but becomes of inore consequence, when at the same time sorry to express my conother circumstances, and those of more viction, that, for one delinquent thus pucharacteristic difference, concur with it. nished, fifty, or perhaps a hundred, es

I am obliged, with your other readers cape. The immediate object therefore who are fond of plants, by his remarks of the society proposed, would be to coron the superior hardiness of the thea rect those shameful practices, as the most viridis. Mine is the bohea, and con- flagrant and the most easily detected ; tinues in good health, with the very plea- but the good must not rest here, every sing light verdure of its fresh foliage. I species of wanton cruelty to animals have not yet ventured to expose it to the should be investigated, and followed by cold winds.

such punishment as the law allows; and I will not take exceptions to the an- this brings me to the immediate object alogy of the signature; though if it relates of my present letter, which is, to request to the plant, and not to a religious im- that some of your numerous correspon. port, the i can hardly have place, and it dents, who think the subject worthy of would be difficult to find a correct and the serious consideration of rational beunambiguous form. Theophilus seems ings, will favour me, through the medium to be right: as Musophilus. But it of your useful publication, with some inwould be still the same ambiguity. forination of the law l'especting the Troston,

Your's, &c. wantonly abusing animals; and refer to April 9, 1809.

Capel Lufft. books where the subject is treated of, or P.S. If I have been a little out of my la. say how far magistrates are empowered titude in this instance, Theiphilus has given to pass bye-laws on this subject, where much proof, and very agreeably, that polite. the law of the land fails, to reach the ness, candour, and agreeable manners, with I hope at some future period to knowledge and inforniation, are within his. explain the plan more fully; but in the I had rather have such censure than praise,

mean time shall feel particularly obliged such as it is often given. The Camellia I find placed in the 16th by any hints, tending to its progress; and

have little doubt but some humane and class the monadelphia, a distinction which appears as considerable as the difference be- intelligent correspondent will think the tween the icosandra, an the polyandra. Yet subject not beneath his notice. I will not deny a considerable aftinity between

Liverpool, Your's, &c. the thea and the camellia: for I think it Januarý, 1809.

E. Smith, exists.





produced to the fair authoress eight

hundred guineas. Mrs. HANNAII COWLEY.

Her next effort in the drama, in point ON

N the 11th of last March, died at of composition (though not of repre

Tiverton, Devonshire, the place of sentation), was the tragerly of Albina, her nativity, in the 66th year of her age, which was brought out by Mr. Colman, Mrs. Hannah Cowley, an authores, at his summer tlicatre in the liaymarket, who may be justly said to have been ce- on the 30th of July, 1779: the farce of lebrated in every walk of the drama, and “ Who's the Dupe,” was performed at in every measure of poetry.

Drury-lane, in the month of April preThis lady was the daughter of the ceding, and it was received with that late Mr. Parkhurst, also of Tiverton; applause, which whenever performed, it a gentleman as universally respected and now never fails to obtain. esteemed, for bis learning and probity, The Belles Stratagem, came out at as for a peculiar flow of humour, which Covent-garden, in February, 1780, and enlivened his conversation: Mrs. Cow it was received with such loud and ley's genius, may in some respects he con- boundless acclamatioil, that it had the sidered as hereditary, her grandmother honour of being patronized by the queen, by the father's side having been first before whom it was performed once cousin to the celebrated poet Gay, by every season, for twenty years after its whom she was held in such high estimation, first appearance. that he passed a considerable portion of This Play, when published, was by exhis tiine, at her house in Barnstaple. press permission dedicated to her Ma

In addition to his other qualifications, jesty: Mr. Parkhurst liad attained a proficiency

Siimulated by her favourable recepe in classical literature, which gained him tion with the public, Mrs. Cowley conthe reputation of having been an excel tinurd to cultivate her acquaintance with lent scholar.

the dramatic Muses, and the Belles StraUnder such a tutor, was the genius of tayem was successively followed by the our authoress inspired and cultivated; comedies of “ Which is the Man," А and she presented him in return with the Buld Stroke for a Ilusband," &c. first fruits of her Muse, by prefixing his The limits of this article will not pername to the poem of the Maid of A- mic us to dwell upon the merits of several Tagon, in a dedication, which evinced at beautiful pieces of fugitive poetry; such once the fire of youthtul genius, and the as her specimens in imitation of Cowley, genuine effusions of hlial gratitude. Monologue on the Death of Chatterton,

Mrs. Cowley's first dramatic Coup the verses occasioned by Lady Manners's d'Essui, was the comedy of the Ruri- Ode to Solitude, (which produced an inaway: this play, produced in March, timacy between the two ladies), her poem, 1776, was the last new piece brought entitled, Edwina, inserted in a late Hisout by Mr. Garrick, previous to his re- tory of Cumberland with some beautifullitsigning the management of Drury-lane te poems, which appeared in the newstheatre.

papers of the day, and which raised The first act of this play, verbalim, as liewspaper poetry to an eminence it bad it now stands, is said to have been pro- wever before attained; we proceed to duced one morning before dinner; it notice her flights in the higher regions of met the encouragement of her husband, epic poetry. who wished to see it finished: it was ac- Her productions in this line, which cordingly completed in a fortnight, and have yet been published, are the Maid transmitted to Mr. Garrick, at his then of Arragon, the Scottish Village, and residence, at Hampton-court.

the Siege of Acre. Thiscomedy which was so favourably re- The poems, which we hare above ceived, that it first introduced the grace alluded to abound with beautiful and tice, of what in dramatic phrascology, is glowing imagery; but in critical justermed Running Plays:" was per- tice it must here be adınitted, that formed a successive number of nights, amidst the most luxuriant descripwith distinguished applause, and we may tions, and the most smooth and elejudge what must have been the reccipts gant numbers, we find inequalities, of (liç treasury of the theatre, when it which prove that our fair authoress had

been been more intent upon seizing the pictures all distinct, and highly coloured . por. of those images, which in the euthusiasm traits. of genius crowded upon her mind, than We must also' here, in justice to dein polishing what she had written, parted merit, notice her peculiar excel,

This vinjection, indeed, may be applied lence in colouring the feinale character, 10 most of her poems, and those passages for proof of this we can safely rest our which abound in animated, and impres- appeal to her Miss IIardy in the Belles sive inagery, throw into stronger contrast Stratagem, and Olivia in the Bold Stroke the few lines which appear inbarmonious for a Husband. anil prosaic.

The last hurried effort of this lady's It'must still, however, be allowed, not- pen, was in unison with the excellence withstanding these objections, that no- of her heart; it was a little poem in aid thing can exceed the charms of the of benevolence; an act of charity to one poetry, in many of the passages; thus in who moved in the humble sphere of The Maid of Arragon, the Old Arragonian sexton of the parish, and whose little King, the Fair Osmida, the Moorish property had been swallowed up by the Prince, and the French De Couci, are late floods. so many distinct portraits, coloured by This little poem gives a pathetic picthe vivid pen of genius; whilst in the ture of the poor man's efforts, whilst his tragedy of Albina, the characters of Old cottage was overwhelmed; describes his Westmoreland and Gondibert, are por- losses ; and delicately claims attention trayed in the grandest style, and display towards one, whose pride was in conflict an intimate acquaintance with the age with his poverty; one whose situation of chivalry.

claimed that assistance, which he could The wonderful facility of this lady's not bring himself directly to beg. pen, and the rapidity with which (if we From her habits, Mrs. Cowley might may be allowed the term) the flashes of truly be termned a most disinterested her genius were transferred to her paper, votary of the Muses; her pen was not is not less remarkable than the strength guided by mercenary views; she wrote and variety of its powers; her produc- merely for the pleasure she felt in writions, indeed, from that sprightliness and ting. The poem of the Siege of Acre, ease, by which they are characterized, was given to a respectable bookseller, exhibit those spontareous coruscations who asked for it: she reserved none of of genius, which all the laboured ex- her manuscripts, nor did she wait to corertions of art must despair to accom- rect them : thus her newspaper poetry plish.

was written and sent off, frequently Ipse volens facilisque sequetur, within four and twenty hours after the Si te Fata vocant ; aliter non viribus ullis

event which had given birth to it. Viacere, nec duro poteris convellere ferro. Her dramatic habits, had given a dra

In all the walks of the legitimate matic hue to all ber compositions, and drama, Mrs. Cowley has left ample spe- we find her occasionally assuming a ficcimens, to entitle her to rank with the titious signature, and answering or adfirst dramatic authors of the day. dressing some love-sick youth, or de Scorning to attempt ephemeral fame, to spairing maid, where existence to her administer to the perverted taste of the was merely ideal. times, to court the acclamation of the In this lady's conversation, and the galleries, and implore the aid of the writer of this article has had the pleasure grimacer, the painter, or the machinist, of haring been occasionally present) Mrs. Cowley, like the veteran Cumber- there was nothing of that proud supeland, has never deserted those banners riority which persons, possibly of more of legitimate comedy, ander which she learning, but less genius, sometimes first enlisted.

assume to awe and intimidate: easy and Equally at home in the sublime and affable in her manners; it was ever Mrs. pathetic, as in the humorous, she entered Cowley's endeavour to raise to a level at once into the feelings of a hero, or a with herself, those whose timidity would monarch, with as much success as into have placed below it. those of a slopseller, or a cuquette. Sometimes, indeed, she would enDoiley, in the farce of, Who's the Dupe, liven the topic under discussion with is perhaps unrivalled on the stage; some sprightly sallies; but these were whilst Gradus, Doricourt, Flutter, Hardy, bright without being dazzling, the Lord Sparkle, and the Pendragons, are spontaneous effusions of genius, emanating from an excellent heart, and cor- all his peregrinations. When Mr. Holrected by a well-regulated mind.

crott was in his teens, he was a servant The same ease and affability which to the honourable Mr. Vernon, and his distinguished her conversation, charac- chiet employment was to ride his masterized her epistolary correspondence, ter’s race-horses, which were in training where the ease and familiarity of the to run for the plate at Newmarket. He style soothed any sense of inferiority, was always afterward much devoted to and rendered her letters probably not the art of borseinanship. He was also the least perfect of her compositions. considerably attached to the study of

Mrs. Cowley was married at a very music, and some time after applied much early period to a gentleman, who died in of his attention to connoisseurship in India, a captain in the Company's ser- painting. Mr. Holcroft had an active vice, and brother to Mr. Cowley, an mind, and was no sooner aware of any eminent inerchant, of Cateaton-street. path that led to improvement and ex

She has left a son, now at the bar, and cellence, than he was anxious to enter a daughter, married in India to the Rev. into that path. Notwithstanding this, Dr. Brown, provost of the magnificent he persevered to the age of twentycollege of Calcutta.

five years, with some little interrupThe following is a list of her principal tion, in his father's trade of a shoeknown publications, viz.

maker. Epic Poems.-The Maid of Arragon ; About that period of life, Mr. Holcroft Scottish Village; and Siege of Acre. conceived a passion for the stage, and

Tragedies. --- Albina, Fate of Sparta. offered his services at the same linie to

Comedies. The Runaway; Belles Mr. Charles Macklin, and Mr. SaStratagem; Which is the Man; A Bold muel Foote. Foote encouraged him, but Stroke for a llusband; More Ways than Macklin talked to him in so specious a One; A Day in Turkey; Both Ends of style, and held out to him so many tempthe Town; Second Thoughts are Best; tations and prospects which were never with the farce of, Who's the Dupe. realized, that he was induced to decide

These, as they have individually passed for Macklin and Ireland, a decision the ordeal of criticism, and would be an which lie continued long io repent. acquisition to the library, we hope to see In the profession of a player, Mr. Holrepublished in a collective shape. croft continued, not with the most flat

M. X. L. tering success till after the production

of the play of Duplicity, in 1781. Immediately on the exbibition of this

comedy, he withdrew from the stage as Mr. THOMAS HOLCROFT,

an actor, and for several years devoted "AUTHOR of the road to RUIN, &c.

his attention principally to dramatic R. HOLCROFT was born of ob- composition. llis writings of this kind

scure parentage; insomuch that were as follow. 2 The Noble Peasant, we have heard that his immediate an

an opera. 3. The Choleric Fathers, an cestors spelled their name Oulucratļ, opera. 4. The Follies of a Day, a comedy, which he restored to its true orthogra- translated from the French of Beauphy. The name of Holcroft is of some inarchais. 5. Seduction, a comedy, eminence in English history, and there 1786. 6. The German Hotel, a drama, was a Sir Thomas Holcroft, in the reign translation, 1790. 7. The School for of Bloody Queen Mary, who delivered a

Arrogance, a comedy, partly from the protestant from. prison and impending Freuch or Destouches, 1791. 8. The death, at the risk of bis own life.

Road to Ruin, a comedy, and the best Mr. Holcroft was born in Orange- of bis dramatic writings, 1792. 9. Love's court, Leicester-fields, December 22, Frailties, a comedy, 1794. 10. The 1744, His father was a shoe-maker, Deserted Daughter, a comedy, 1795. il calling for which his son always retained 11. The Man of Ten Thousand, a coa peculiar respect. The honest trades. medy, 1790. 12. The Force of Ridicule, man in the Road to Ruin, was originally a coinedy, 1796. 13. He is Much to a shemaker, but at the request of the Blame, a comedy, very successful, 1798. writer of this article, the author changed 14. knare or Not, a comedy, 1793. his trade, and he is now a bosier. The 15. Dcat and Dumb, a coinedy, from father of Mr. Holcroft was of an unset- the French, very successful, 1801. tled temper, seldom dwelling long in one 16. The Tale of Mystery, an after-piece, place, and the sun accompanied iniin is from the French, 1802. 17. Hear Both




Sides, a comedy, 1803. 18. The Vin- fortunate circumstances, after the two dictive Man, a comedy, 1806.

houses of parliament had voted that there Mr. Holcroft also exercised his talent was a conspiracy, and had thus prejudged with advantage to his reputation, in the the accused, saved our country from deNovels of Anna St. Ives, published 1792, struction of the worst sort, on that mrand Ilugh Trevor, published 1794. He norable occasion. also produced a third novel, entitled, Mr. Holcroft spent the principal part. Brian Perdue, in the year 1807.

of the years 1799, 1800, and 1801, in The public is further indehted to the Germany and France, and the observapen of Mr. Holcroft, for many trans- tions collected by him, in his travels, lations. 1. The Private Life of Voltaire, were afterwards published by him in two 12mo. 2. The Memoirs of Baron volumes, quarto. Trenck, in 3 vols. 12.o. 3. The Secret He died at his house in ClipstoneHistory of the Court of Berlin, by the street, Marybone, on the 23d of March. Count de Mirabeau, 2 vols. 8vo. 4. Tales The surviving wife of Mr. Holcroft, is the of the Castle, by Madame de Genlis, niece of the celebrated Mercier, author 5 vols. 12mo. '5. The Posthumous Works of the Tableau de Paris, and a member of Frederic II. King of Prussia, 13 vols. of the French legislature. 8vo. 6. An Abridged Display of the By this lady Mr. Holcroft has left sis Physiognomy of Lavater, 3 large young children, the eldest of whom is vols. 8vo.

only nine years of age: these children The great action of the life of Mr. are unprovided for: but it fortunately Holcroft, was undoubtedly his voluntary happens that their mother, and the unsurrender to the indictment for higlie married daughter of Mr. Holcroft by a treason, preferred against him in the au- former marriage, a young lady well tumn of the year 1794. Few persons known for her literary and musical accan now doubt, that if Mr. Pitt's adnu complishments, are in many respects nistration had succeeded, at that time, in singularly well qualified to undertake the bringing to capital punishment the twelve management of a school; a task in whichi, persons, many of them not personally for the support of these six children, they known to each other, who were then are desirous to engage. A subscription wantonly and wickedly included in one has generously been set on foot for the indictment, the constitution and liberties purpose of supplying them with a suffiof England would have been destroyed; cient fund to enable them to commence and as few persons will refuse to confess this undertaking, and contributions are that the voluntary surrender of one of the received at the bank of Messrs. Marals parties, after the grand jury had decided and Co. Berners-street, London, where ibat they sbould be tried for their lives, the arrangements for applying the monies was a great and impressive demonstra- to the intended purpose, may be seen, tion of conscious innocence, and was the and reference made to the particular first event, which concurring with many friends of the deceased.

Extracts from the Port-folio of a Man of Letters.

[Communications to this Article are always thankfully received.] LITERARY COMPOSITION. liogabulus, who judged of the excellence THE fulowing observations are the of a dish by the exorbince of its price, T

production of a sensible critic, they only esteem that which las cost (Charpentier) and may serve as a sup- them much labour and trouble. In plement to an article under this head; truth, genius does not owe this kind of in Curiosities of Literature, vol. 2, page people many obligations; for, rejecting 413, fifth edition.

all that it offers willingly, they only like The greater number of authors are what they are obliged to draw out with never contented with their own works: violence; or, if we may use the expresthey must change and give a new turn sion, with the rack and the torture. to all they do, however good it may be; Quintilian relates a bon-mot, that Flores the first, is never the good thought; it is said to a young man who was inclined that which has undergone many and that way. Fuding him one day in great severe corrections; like the Emperor lle- grief, he asked him the cause of it; and


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