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that a learned and officiating clergyman, among the Jews. The means by which in distress, or an officiating clergyman re- they hope to accomplish this object, are duced and rendered incapable of duty, as follow:-To establish a school, that hy age or infirmity, shall be considered as they may be able to receive children a claimant on the Literary fund; and whülly from their parents, and bestow that a provision shall be niode for such apon them education, board, and clothing; claim in the following manner;
to connect with this a day-school, out of 1. The influence of the Society. shall which vacancies in the former may be be employed in promoting a subscription filled up; to put out girls and boys as for this purpuse; the produre to be deno- apprentices; to find employment, if posa minated, The Ecclesiastical Fund.” sible, for those who are able to work; to Liie subscriptions, and annual subscriptions to be disposed of in the same manner as the
visit and relieve the sick; to distribute Annual Income and Funded Property of the
tracts, &c. Literary Fund : some permanent capital bien,
The perušal of the Report by Messrs. ilig neccssary to prevent those cruel Aucrua. FOURCROY, DEYxl'x, and VAUQUELIN, tions and uncertainties incident to charities
on a Memoir of M. BERTHOLLET, jun. depending wholly on Annual Subscriptiois entitled, “ Inquiries Concerning the ReJl. That the Society collectively and i: divin ciprocal Acnon of Sulphur and Chare dually, shall ende vour to induce the Eng. coal,” has induced Dr John New to lish clergy universally to pleac' the just cause publish an opinion, which he has for of their own order, by preaching ocasionally some fears entertained: that charcoal (in rich and populous parishes once in every and hydrogen are modifications of one year), on this nost useful and most impor. and the same substance, or that hydrogen taut subject. Many of thein are crlebrated is the base of charcoal. Should this for their benevolent exertions to establish opinion, the result of various experiments charities of inferior effect on public happi- and observations be confirmed, an im,
It is therefore impossible to suppose they will hesitate to assist their learned portant and extensive field will be opened and labou ing brethren, sinking into misery to the scientific world. The pabulum of in the midst of public protusion and extrava. plants, and the origin of that immense gance. The produce of their exertions will quantity of carbonaceous matter, annube deposited at the Literary Fund, in a spe, ally produced in the vegetable kingdom, cial trust appointed by themselves, and would thus easily and satisfactorily be (where there can be no patronage, intrigue, accounted for, as originating from water or fiattery, to supersede merit) it shall be alone. distribuid by a special committee appointed also by them). For every clergyman affording this assistance, as often as may suit In the late inundations near Loenen, his convenience, shall be entitled to all the in the district of the Upper Betewe, was privileges of a member of this Society, in discovered the right hip-hone of an the department of the Ecclesiastical Fund; elephant, measuring from the os pubis, to in common with the subscribers and members, the end of the hip, si feet (Rhynland who in the peculiar difficulties of the institution have borne the burthen and heat of the measure) of wbich a drawing was taken day, III That a conimittee consisting of
on the spot, by the scientific Mr. H. seven clergymen and seven laymen shall be Hoogeus. A double tooth, together with annually appointed, and be entitled the Ec some other bones, belonging to that species clesiasticai Committee. To preserve an uni- of animal have been found on the same tormity and harmony in the whole institu- spot. tion, this commitiee must allow the inspec A curious and genuine specimen of the tosi and assistance of the oficers and visitors labour's of LAURENS Jansz, commonly or the Literary Fund; in the same manncr, called Laurens Coster, the original inand for the same purposes, as all other com
ventor of the art of printing, was advermittees of the Society. IV. That, to pre- tised to be sold by auction on the 20th vent occasions of contusion and perplexity, of April last, by Taak, bookseller of the same trustees, registrers, treasurers, and
Leyden. This valuable piece of antiscrvants, be appointed for all the property and business of the society. V. That all the quity consists of a wooden printing form, tresa tions, civil and ecclesiastical, of the in excellent preservation. It is about Liea: fund, shaldt:ke place at the bouse three inches long, two inches broad, and of the Society, No. 36 Gerrard street, Vest- three quarters of an inch thick ; upon minster, where the economy in behalf of which an entire page of a Latin Horadistressed literature is so rigid and scrupulous, rium has been cut in inverted characters. t' at the servants only receive compensations; At the same time was to be disposed of, where all the offices are executed gratuisous a genealogical table, written upon very ly; and where even the resident visitor de
old parchment, but perfectly legible, of fíays all his own expences.
the progeny of Laurens, by whom it A society has recently been established
seems this document lias been preserved zidun, for promoting christianity
since the 15th century, and handed down and 1805, had sustained itself from 23 to each succeeding generation. This to 27}, and 29, fell in 1808 to 15 and 10. genealogy commences with the daughter of Laurens Coster, who published the In the night between the 11th and first printed impression in 1441, and 12ih of October, after the Franciscan closes with her descendants about the Monks, who reside in the Holy Sepul.
chre, in Jerusalem, had retired to rest,
they heard an uncoinmon noise in the At the villa of the Count Moroni, church. They inmediately hastened 10 near Rome, were lately discovered the the spot, and on entering it, they discotombs of the ancient Roman families of vered the wooden allar, and the cells of the Manlii. They were found to contain the Armenian ecclesiastics, situated over two statues, five busts of an um, all in the columns of the gallery in flames. tolerable preservation, and disunguished The fire thence descended upon the by the name of Manlios. Two skeletons choir of the Greeks, and to tlie Hoor of dug up at the feet of these statues, still the church, assuming a must au tulap had rings upon their fingers. Close to pearance, and threatening the elevated the skeleton of a female, named Aya. wooden cupola of the temple with ime thonia, were found the shell of an egg, an mediate destruction. The Franciscans oil bottle, a broken mirror, and a lamp. used their utnost efforts to stop tha Upon this lamp was represented Tarquin, progress of the conflagration, but they carrying a dagger in his hand, at the were too few in number, and also wanted moment he was going to violate Lucre- the implements necessary for that purtia. Baron Hasselin, minister from the pose. At length they succeeded in King of Bavaria, to the Holy See, has alarming the ecclesiastics of the adjacent purchased these valuable relics, which church of St. Salvator, as well as the are at least two thousand years old. police, but by this time the flames had
reached the cupola. As soon as the From a very interesting work, writo alarm was given, the whole of the Roman ten by Count Romanzow, entitled, Catholic youth of the city immediately “ State of the Commerce of the Rus- rushed to their assistance, but notwith. sian Empire, from 1802, to 1808,” 'standing they exerted themselves with we learn that in 1803, the value of foreign , the utmost zeal and intrepidity, it was commodities imported into Russia, impossible to stop the fury of the de. amounted to 55 inillions of rubles, and vouring element. Before six in the the exports to sixty-seven millions. The morning, the cupola, with all the melting duties exceeded those of the preceding lead, with which it was covered, fell ini
, years by 110,000 rubles. In 1804, owing and gave this extensive building the to the difficulties of commercial specu- appearance of a burning smelting-house. lations, the imports were minus six, and The excessive heat, which proceeded the exports three, millions of rubles. Even from this immense mass of liquid fire, not then the balance in favour of Russia, only shivered the marble columns sup. which in 1803 had been 21,590,968 ru- porting the gallery, but likewise tlie, bles, still amounted to 9,5 17,440. In marble floor of the church, together with 1805, notwithstanding the almost total the pilasters and images in bas-relief, stagnation of trade, the imports exceeded that decorated the chapel of the Holy those of 1804, by six millions; and the Sepulchre, situated in the centre of the exports by 134 millions; and the balance church. Soon after the massive coluinns in favour of Russia was 251 millions of that supported the gallery fell down, to. rubles. The nunher of ships which ar- gether with the whole of the walls.' No rived at, and departed from, the Russian lives were lost; and it is remarkable that ports during that period, was as follows:
the interior of the chapel, containing the Arrived. Sailed. Holy Sepulchre, in which service is pere In 1802
3,730 3,622 formed, has not been in the least in. 1809
4,157 jured; thougla situated immediately under 1806
3,478 3,471 the oupola, and consequently in the mid1805
5,332 5,085 dle of the flames. After the fire had How large a proportion of these were been extinguished, it was found that the English may be judged, from a compa- silk-hangings, with which it is decorison with the year 1808, when the num-rated, and the splendid painting of the ber of ships trading to the ports of Rus- resurrection upon the altar at the ensja was--arrived 996-sailed 926. The trance, had not sustained the smallest oxcbange on Ilamburgh, which in 1802, damage.
REVIEW OF NEW MUSICAL PUBLICATIONS.
A Canto, consisting of Ballads, Rounds, Glees, commend the work to the generality of
and a Rvundelay ; Cavatinas, Cansonettas, practitioners. Many of the passages, Duettinos, Terzettos, and a Quartettino. though brilliant in their effect, are not Composed by W. Shield, esq. 125,
difficult of execution, and are calculated THE variegated contents of this book tanisplay the juvenile finger to great ad
vantage. two-fold character of melodist and hare The Maid of Sorrow, a Dialogue and Duet. monist; and if they do not add to the
Composed and dedicated to sbe Misses Harrison, distinguished figure he has long made
by Dr. Jobn Clarke, Cambridge. 9s. hd. as a vocal composer, they are certainly calculated to support his well-earned
This composition, the words of which fame, and will not fail to please those
are taken from Cariyle's Arabian Poetry, who are partial to the simple English The melody is happily conceived, and
is intended for a soprano and tenor. strain, aided by natural and unlaboured harmonization.
the effect of the combination bespeaks The poetry, from which Mr. S. has, ful use Dr. Clarke has occasionally made
much science and thinking. With the artmost laudably, been careful to weed every exceptionable expression, is select of the passages in the duet, we are greatly ed from a variety of authors, ancient and pleased: the purts play into each other modern; and includes many rare and
very fancifully, and evince much facility beautiful efforts of the Lyric Muse. Se
in this species of composition. veral of the inelodies are peculiarly sweet A Duet for Two Performers, on tbe Piano forte, and highly expressive. The plan upon Composed and dedicated to Miss Gordon, by which the harmony is constructed will, John Ross, esq. of Aberdeen. 4s. perhaps, be best explained by the com This duet, in which Mr. Ross has in. poser's own words, as given in bis prefa- troduced for subjects of the slow and tory advertisement. “Some of the bal- last movements, Scottish airs, is artifilads, for three and four voices,” says he, cially constructed, and displays much in. “ I have arranged in such a manner as genuity, as well as a respectable portion to give more inelody to the treble and of science. The parts blend withi, and hass than to the inner parts, that they may relieve, each other in a superior style, be occasionally sung as solos or duets. and lend to the author's ideas a power of A scientific dispersion of harmony would impression ouly to be derived from exassuredly have been more acceptable to perience and matured judgment. learned musicians, but would not have been equally useful and agreeable to the Sei Notturni, a Tre Voci. Composti e dedicati a generality of amateurs.”
sua Maesta La Regina di Baviera, da C. For the most part the terms, indica
Cannabicb. 6s. tive of the intended time and expression, Signor Cannabich has given in these are given in plain English: but in inore Notturni a pleasing specimen of his taste than a few. instances a multiplicity of as a vocal composer. Without affecting words, borrowed from the Italian, are in to display any extraordinary science, he troduced; whiclı, however, proper to the has thrown together melodies, which comoccasion, will be new to the general eye, bine with grace, and argue more of knowand often send the practitioner for ex. ledge and contrivance than meet the planation to Dr. Busby's MUSICAL Dic In a word, the familiar and at
tractive style of the work, taken in a ge
neral view, will not fail to recommend it Three New Soratas for the Piano-forte. Cuma
to the attention of all vocal perforiners of posed and inscribed so Mr. Henry Rowles, by 7. B. Cramer, esq.
In these sonatas Mr. Cramer has in. “O don't forget me," a Song with an Accome. troduced some favourite airs froin the panimeni for Ebe Piano-forte. Composed by
M. Virtue. operas of Kais and False Alarms, incluida ing Braham's song ot" Said a Smile to a The words of this song, said to be Tear," with variations. The familiarity written by " a soldier on embarking for of the style, and the popularity of the South America,” are tender and atecte adopted melodies, aided by some con- ing; and Mr. Virtue, in his melody, hias spicuous marks of the composer's free not swerved from the style of his author, and fertile imagination, cannot but res nor neglected the enforcement of his
sentiment. The passages are simple, "La Rose à ses Piques," • favourite Song. Consis connected and impressive; and the ge posed, with an Accompaniment for tba Pianiu xeral effect is such as to insure the ap
forse, by . Grosvenor. 1s. 68. probation of the feeling heart and culti
Though this little ballad is not dis. rated ear.
tinguished by any rerparkable feature A Collection of original Psalm Tunes for Three of originality, the passages are easy,
and Four Voices, in the usual Measures, smooth, and natural, and by their com by Samuel Webbe, sen. and jun. 5s. nection form a melody at once pleasing
The harmonization of these Psalm and expressive. Tunes is expressed in the tenor and coun Les Quaire Saisons pour l'Harpe, ou Piano.forse. ter cliffs ; but we submit to Messrs.
avec l'Accompagnement d'une Flute. Composées Webbe, sen. and jun. whether, since the a dediées a Mademoiselle Berber, par I. Ja, publication is obviously designed for do 55. mestic and familiar use, it would not Not discovering in this piece any cha have been more advisable to have adopt- racteristic signs of the Four Seasons, we ed the treble cliff for the inner parts. profess our:elves to be too dull to conThe tunes are characteristically fancied, ceive, why Mr. Jay has chosen them for the evolutions of the chords are easy and its title. However, waving so trivial Aatural, and the disposition of the parts a consideration, we have a very favourbespeaks judgment in barinonical con
able account to give of the merits of the struction,
composition. It is neither without sciHighland Rondo for the Piano-forte. Composed ence nor taste; the passages are pleasi and dedicated to Miss Sayer, by 7. Gildon. ingly imagined, and connected with judg25. 60.
ment; and the aggregate effect will, we The subject of this Rondo possesses think, bear, us out in saying that, if it much of the true Highland character, exhibits no particular allusions to the and the digressive matter does not lead Four Seasons, yet its attractions will not the ear froin the track of nature and con at any tiine be out of season. sistency. The whole is Scotch, as it Exercises and Duets, with tbe Fingering accxshould be, and the general effect unique rately marked, composed and expressly are as striking.
ranged for Bainbridge and Woolt's Double Haydn's celebrated Movement, “The Surprize,'. Flageolet ; by John Parry, Teacher of the
witb Variations for the Harp, or Piano forte Single and Double Flageolets, Flute, eta
By those who practice the double fia. Mr. Powell has formed of this popular geolet, this little work will be found as movement an exercise for juvenile prac. useful as pleasing. The instructions with titioners; from the study of which they which the exercises are accompanied, will derive both pleasure and profit. together with the simplicity of the single The variations are ingeniously conceived, melodies, and the ease of the combined and productive of effects which sort parts, give a value to the publication, with ihe subject, and set it off to great which will ensure its favourable reeep advantage.
NEW PATENTS LATELY ENROLLED.
IR. ZDWARD STEERS'S (INNER TEMPLE,) rection, there is an increase of motion
for a new Method, directed by Machi- produced. In the second place, the new nery, of using the Screw, by which its method is, by two screws placed opposite mechanical Power, or its Motion, is to each other, revolving together in the increased.
same circular direction, or in a contrary THE
nical power of the screw is, in the the third place, by their nuts revolving first place, by the screw and nut being together, the screivs being fixed. The made to revolve together in the same or machinery necessary to direct the operas in a contrary direction. If they turn in tion of this new method, inust be such as the saine direction, the one somewhat will turn them in a contrary direction, faster than the other, an increase of There are divers methods of producing power is obtained; if in a contrary di- these effects, but the one mentioned by
REPORT OF DISEASES,
20ch of April, to the 20th of May, 1809.
5 disease, gradually and secretly undermine Pertussis
the basis of health, and the stamina of
llooping - cough lias, amongst chil
dren, been a kind of quidemic, not uns Lucorrhaa.... Scillicidium Uring.
frequently connected with violent and icterus
alarming convulsions. To relieve either Asthenia..
the cough, or the apparently painful Hypochondriasis
3 spasm, opium and digitalis are in danger Vermes
of being applied to the exquisitely irriFevers, attended with bilious symp
table constitution of infancy, with too
ittle caution and reserte:-a circumtoms have, in consequence of the late extraordinary teinperature of the season,
stance, of which parents and other unpro. been more than usually prevalent. In fessional prescribers are not sufficiently more than one instance, the disorder was aggravated by the administration of Scrophula, which has lain dormant, or tonics and stimulants, without baving
more properly latent, during the winter převiously rinced the stomach, and in months, begins in general to make itself lestinal canal; a circumstance which visible upon the opening of the summer. ought never to be omitted in the first in. It is then in full blow.
This disease wance, especially in fevers connected sweeps into its comprehensive circle
almost with any hepatic derangement. For every straggling indication of
disorder which not found within this purpose, and to preserve during the continuance of the disease, a due and the precincts of any other specific dia
finition; and, under its name of vague regular evacuation from the bowels, caJoinel is, perhups, one of the best remedies and vulgar import, may include nearly in the store house of the pharmacopeia; all the iniscellaneous affections, which although this miercurial preparation may debilitated tone of the constitution. Of
originate from a generally relaxed and have been too extravagantly extolled, and too indiscriminately applied. “The this malady the essence is not local, als bile" is the fashionable complaint, and though the appearance of it may be so; against it calowel is the antidote prin- and, of course, is not to be reinoved by cipally in vogue. It has, certainly, in extracting a morbid part, or separating
from the trunk a diseased extremity. many conditions of the human frame, a most happy and extraordinary effect. By lopping the branches, we iinplant
more deeply, or more firmly fix, the raBut as any agent from which we have de
dical fibres of the evil we would destroy. rived great and invaluable advantage, we are apt to elevate beyond its intrinsie Without an ultimate necessity, or motives merit, and almost to deify, so the zeal the most urgent and imperious, seldom for this inestimable medicine maj, in ought we, in such cases, to seek relief in some instances, have approached the the desperate resource of a surgical opeboundaries of an excusable fanaticism.
J, REID. This, like other preparations, of mercury may, when its use is long continued, Grenville-street, Brunswick-square, whilst it apparently cures a particular May 25, 1809.