« 前へ次へ »
sions, paid by the Receiver-general of of annual training; and no officer, or the Laud Tax, Collecir of the Customs, other person, shall enlist a local inilitia. Collector of Excise, or Clerk of the man during the period of such training, Cheque of the District; and the Court of on penalty of 201. Assistants inay order and direct the Vacancies by men being made corPay-master to inake out two admittance' porals and serjeants, and enlis:ing in the bills payable by them to such widows, regular militia, are to be filled up. Deone of which shall be sent to the widow, puty lieutenants may make new appointand the other lo the Receiver-general, menis in case, from the returns made, Collector, or Clerk of the Cheque, who it be found the quotas are not in proporshall, on the widow's producing the dupli- tion to the rotation numbers liable to cate, pay her the sum contained therein.
The penalty on such persons delaying General meetings of lieutenancy are to payınent, or taking any fees or discount, fix, by ballot, the order in which subdivi. is 501. to be received as penalties under sions shall stand as to the supplying dethe excise laws.
ficiencies on account of the appointinent: On certificate of infirmity being pro- of persons to be serjeants or corporals, duced. the · Receiver-general, Collector, and deputy lieutenants are to regulate and Clerk of the Cheque, are authorized any inequalities of numbers that may to pay the contents of the bill to the arise in divisions. order of the widow.
So much of the former act 48th But all assignments, bargains, sales, Geo. III. c. 111, as relates to bounorders, contracls, agreements, or securities ties to persons voluntarily enrolling themwhatsoever, which shall be given or made selves (except members of volunteer by any widow encitled to receive pension, corps) is repealed, and parties may agree shall be ubsolutely null and void.
to give two guineas bounty. Letters and packets are to be sent free The whole of the bounty paid to perof postage. Persons personating widows sons enrolling in the local militia shall in order to receive pensions, or forging he deducted and repaid out of the bounty bills or certificates, are guilty of felony, which they may receive, if within one and may be transported for not exceed- year they enlist into the army, navy, or ing fourteen years.
marines, and half if they so enlist after Bills and certificates are exempted from one year and before the end of two the stamp duties.
years. By 49th Geo. III. c. 38, non-com The said former act, as to the advance missioned officers and soldiers are to be of bounties to persons froin volunteer alloweit 1s. 4d. per day, for diet and snall corps being repaid, is repealed. beer, in quarters in England; and for Members of volunteer corps transarticles which have hitherto been fur. fering themselves shall not be entitled to mished gratis one halfpenny per day shall bounty unless serving before the 13th of be allowed, and for borses quartered, May, 1909. 1s. 2d. per day shall be paid for hay and Volunteers transferring themselves in straw,
to the local militia are not liable to serve [Passed 28th April.]
in the regular militia, in consequence of By 49th Geo. III. c. 40, deficiencies any foriner ballot. and vacancies in the LOCAL MILITIA, Officers cominanding volunteers transmay be directed to be supplied by order' ferring themselves, with their men, into of the Secretary of State without his the local militia are to return their comMajesty's warrant, but volunteers are mand. allons to enter whether any order be Lieutenant-colonels commandant are given for supplying defiçiertcies or not, to command lieutenant-colonels. until the local militia be coinpleted. Officers of yeomanry corps and officers
Vacancies are to be filled up, not- of local militia, who had comunissivris in withstanding the number of local militja volunteers, are to rank according to the and volunteers exceed six wines the quota. date of their coinniissions. of the regular militia.
Vice-lieutenant, it authorized by the Where the local militia shall exceed Lord-lieutenant, may grant coinmissions, such quota, no deficiencies shall be
Nu stamp duty is payable on cuininissupplied until the number be reduced sions in the local militia; and bills for below the proportion of the county. pay and allowance to, and for reinitting
Local militia-men inay enlist into the money on account of the local militia, reguler inilitia, except during the period may be drawn on unstamped paper.
Where towns in the county do not No serjeant, corporal, or drummer, afford accommodation for quartering the of any local militia permanent local militia, they inay be marched into pay as such, or as a musicien in the an adjoining county.
band, shall be allowed to enlist in the Adjutants and non-commissioned offi- army, navy, marines, or regular militia. cers may train regular militia men until Men shall not change their regiments they can be marched to their regiment. in consequence of removing from one part
Commanding oflicers may appoint a of a county to another, and men shall quarter-inaster for their respective regi. not remove from one county to another
while the regiment is assembled. The qualification for officers of the No commissioned or non-coinmissionmilitia may be in any part of Great Brie ed officer, or private man, shall be suhtain.
ject to the mutiny act, except while he Local militia officers shail not be ex is receiving pay. empt from serving the office of sheriff.
[Passed the 12th of May.)
STATE OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS IN MAY.
Containing officiul Papers and authentic Documents.
ceremony, received the Princes, ministers, Letter from the Emperor Bonaparte to tbe Duke great officers of the empire, the senate, the of Sudermania.
council of State, all the public functionaries,
and, finally, the diplomatic body.-The au* MY BROTHER-I have received your dience which he gave to the diplomatic body Royal Highness's letter of the 17th
was rendered remarkable by a long discourse March. You are right to believe that I wish his Majesty held with the Austrian ambasSweden to enjoy tranquillity, happiness, and sador, of which I shall at least transmit you a peace with her neighbours: neither Russia, short sketch.—' Austria means to make war Denmark, nor myself, were eager to wage upon us,' said the Emperor, or she means war against Sweden; but on the contrary, did
to frighten us.' M. de Metrernich bore lesevery thing in our power to ward off disasters timony to the pacific dispositions of his gowhich it was easy to foresee. I have taken
• If so, why such enormous prethe earliest opportunity to acquaint those parations ?”. “They are merely for defence, courts with your Royal Highness's sentiments said the Ministerim. But who attacks you, and views, and trust that they will perfectly that you provide for your defence in such a agree with me in opinion, and that it will not
way? who threatens you, that you should be our fault if Sweden should not be restored
think of being attacked? Is not all around to the enjoyment of happiness and peace.
you quiet? Has there been the least dispute soon as I shall be informed of the intentions between us since the peace of Presburg? of my allies, I will not fail to communicate Have I asked any thing of you? Has not the them to your Royal Highness. In the mean
whole of our intercourse been friendly? And time, you will not entertain a doubt of the yet all on a sudden you have set up a cry of respect which I entertain for your nation, of
You have put your whole population my wish for its happiness, and of the high in motion. Ycur Princes have been running esreen with which your character and virtues through the provinces, and you have sent have inspired me for your Royal Highness. I abroad the saine proclamations, and taken pray to God to keep you, my brother, in his just the same steps, you did when I was at holy guard.
Leoben. Were this only a new organization, “ Your good Brother,
you would have done all this more slowly, as "NAPOLLON.”
less expence, with less violence, without cre" Paris, April 12, 1809.”
ating such a ferment at home, or raising such
a disturbance abroad. But your measures Among the correspondence published
not merely for desence. You have added 1300 by the French government on the con men to each of your regimenis. Your militia mencement of ihe war with Austria, is will furnish you with 400,000 men, which you the following curious letter.
can dispose of as you please. These men are Dispatch of ibe 16th of August, sent to Gen. put into regiments. A part of them are
Andreossy, through Count De Champagny. cloathed, your fertresses are supplied with pro
“ Monsieur l'Ambassadeur-His Majesty visions. In a word, a sure sign tba: you are the Emperor is returned from his journey into preparing for war is this; that you hare been the South of France. He arrived on the purchasing horses. You already gossess evening of the 14th at St. Cloud, and on the 14,000 for the artillery. Such extraordinary 15th, being his birth-day,, with the usual expenses are never made in the besom of
peace. These expences are increased by those against me. I had possession of his capital; I of your military organization. Your men are occupied the greater part of his provinces. He paid with winey-you have cloched a part of had all back again. I didn't keep Venicr for them, and found them with arms. This can. myself, merely that I might not leave any not be done but at great expence ; and yet you ground of dispute, any occasion for war. Do confess yourselves the sad state of your you think that the vanquishers of the French, fina aces. Your exchange, which has been in case they had been in pussession of Paris, for a long time low, has fallen still lower; would have acted with clie'same moderation? your commerce has decayed. Is it then with. No: your Emperor does not wish for war, out an object that you have bij defiance to all
your government does not desire it. The such difficulties? Do not say that you were principal men of your country do not seek for forced 'o think of your own security. Con- it; arid yet the movements which you have fess that all our relations have been friendly, occasioned are such, that war will take place You know that I ask for nothing and want in spite of you and myself. You have caused it nothing, and that I even consider the main to be believed that I have demanded provinces tenance of your power under present circum- of you ; and you have roused in the breasts of stances, as very necessary to the European your people a national and generous sentiment, system and the prosperity of France. I have which I am far from depreciating; they have put my troops in camp, in order to keep them
run into extravagancies and flown to arms. in good discipline and acrivity. They do not. You have issued a proclamation with a comencamp in France, because it costs too much.
mand not to talk about war ; but the proclaThey encamp in foreign countries, where it is . mation was equivocal, and people said it was not so dear." My camps, are scattered about. merely political, and while your measures Not one of them threatens you. I should
were opposed to your proclamation, they be. have had no camps, if I had had projects dieved your measures, and not at all your pro. against you., And I was so very pacific, that clamation. Hence the insults offered by is I dismantled the fortresses of Silesia. I should troop of your new militia to my consul at certainly not have had those camps, if I had Trieste. Hence the murder of chree or my thought they would have given you any un couriers, who were on their way to Dalmatia: casiness. A single word from you would have If there are any more of such insults, war is been enough for me, and I am ready to break inevitable; for you may kill us, bui cannur up all of them, if it is necessary for your insult us with impunity. It is so that the quiet.?.
authors of the troubles of all Europe inces" M. Von Metternich having observed that santiy excite war. It is so they provoked the there had been no movements of troops in war by the insult offered to General Berna. Austria, the Emperur replied,? You deceive dotte. yourselves; you remove your troops from “ You are drawn by various artifices into a places, where they could be without the least situation contrary to your wishes. The En. expence: you send them to Cracau, çhat if glish and their partisans induce you to take necessary you may be able to menace Silesia. to these false measures. Already they rejoice Your who e army is collected together, and in the expectation of once naore lighting up has taken a milit.-ry, position. In the men the fame of war in Europe. Their funds liave while what do you want? Do you mean to ujsen 50 per cent. in consequence of the imalarm, me? You won't succeed in that. Dompulse which they have comuúnicated to Eu you think the circumstances are favourable to sope. It is they whom I blame for all this; you? You deceive yourselves. My policy they are the cau e that 'no Frenchman can so was open before you because it is honest, asid so the baths of Bohemia without subjecting because I feel my own strength. I shall take himsilfto insult. 100,000 of ny troops from Germany, in order "How can you permit such licentiousness? to send them into Spain, and I still have Do you meet with any examples of such conenough remaining to oppose you.
Are' not your travellers, -I will arm too; and if it is necessary, your consuls, trea“ed with respect and distinco apare 900,000 men. You will not have a sin- tion? The slightest injury done them would gle power on the Continent in your favour. be punished in the most exemplary, inanner, The Emperor of Russia, I can almost venture I repeat it, you are hurried along in spite of to speak for him in his name, wil ùrge you you: the ferment which hds been improvi. to be quiet. He is already little pleased with dently excited in the minds of ycur people, your connec ions with the Servians. Hc, as the intrigucs of the English partisasīs, and of well as I, may feel offended by your prepara- certain members of an order of knighthood, tions. He knows that you have designs upon
who have carries with them, into the midst of Turkey. You pretend that I have such my. you, all the bitterness of sexation and revenge self. '1 declare that that is fab:e, and that I call tend to involve you in a war. The. want nothing from Austria w Turkey. Emperor of Russia will perhaps prevent this
" Nevertheless your Emperor dues not wish result, by, declaring to you, in a positive mane for war! I believe it. I reckon upon the pro- ner, that lie is a verse to it; and that he will be mise he made when we had our interview to.
But if it is to his interposition gother. He can have no teelings of revenge only, that Europe is indebted for the continu
peace, deither Furope nor I shall turally are, in discussing matters of such im. that obligation to you, and we can by nu means -Rurtance! He, however, exhibited only chac consider you as friends; and I strall consider. degree of animation, which such a mutive was myself as completely at liberty, to call upon calculated to produce; he spoke of the Empeyou co make those arrangensats which the ror of Austria and his government, with the state of Europe demands.
greatest-reserve, and paid many personal coin• What may in the mean tíme happen. Youplimenta.co M. Von Dletternich. This Ainhave levied a force of 400,000 men; I will: bassador, who, it should be observed, tras al. levy a body 200,000 men. Th Confeseration ways given us assurance of the pacific sentiof the Rhine, which had dişb.nded its roopa, menos of his court, was not, for a' moment, will re-assemble them, and arm the mass of placed in a situation of embarrassnient; I had their population. Germany, which had be a conversation with him in the evening, and gun to breathe afcer so many destructive wars, he felicitated himself on being employed at a will find her wounds bleeding a fresh. Instead court where communications of this description of evacuating, as was my intention, the pro- could be personally made by a sovereign to a vince of Silesia, - and the Prussian states, foreign minister. M. Von Tolstoy concurred I shall again put the fortresses of Silesia with him.in this sentiment. The Emperor, in a state, of de ence.' All Europe will to those who are capable of comprehending be in arms; the armies will be drawn" him, appears noble, magnanimous, frank, up in the presence of exch oohet, and the attentive to all the duties of etiquitte, and slightest cpcurrence will occasion the 'com- 'performing the in with a peculiar degree of remencement of hostilities.
finement, did that perfect sensibility, which • You say that you have an army of 400,000 is awakened by the great interests of humanity. men, a force more considerable than you pos- ' It might be clearly discovered that, equally sessed at any period of your njonarchys you in- prepared for war or peace, he wished for the tend to double it ; if your example were to be or latter withoet dreading the former; and it was followed, even the very women would soon the general opinion that to so frank and magbe made to take up arros. · In such a state of nanimous'a discourse, no other answer could things, when every spring is on the stretch, be given than by declaring either that war is war will become desirable, for the mere pur-", actually intended, or by proving the existence pose of runbenuing them. Thus it is, that in of a pacific disposition by deeds rather than by 'the physical world, the state of suffering which words. You fluymake this dispatch,Sir, the subAature experiences at the approach of a temoject of your conferences with M. Von Stadion.' pest, excites a wish that the thunder should
The Austrian government can entertain no burst forth, in order to unbend and give tetief doubış with respect to the sincerity of the Emto the contracted sinews, and to restore the peror's pacife inclinations. But the Emperor sweets.of a pieasing calm so heaven and earth; will have tranquillity as well as peace. If a violent,.but short illness, is better than a Austria attaches an equal degree of value to'. long period of suffering.
this peace, she will neglect no means of como • Mean while all hope of a maritime peace pletely tranquilizing the Emperor, with reso disappears; the efficient means of attaining it pect to her dispositions, and she will most ef*** are rendered of no avail. :The English smile fettually contribute to this object by giving with satisfaction at the praspect of discord be." another direction to public opinion ; but this ing revived on the continent, and to her it is direction can only result from a change of maker they confide their inteșests: Such are the evils which you have pro
BULLETINS OF THE FRENCH ARMY. duced, and that tuo, were I to credit your professions, altogether onintentionally. But if'
.. First Bulletin. your intentions are as pacific as you pretenid, Head quarters ar Ratisbon, April 24, 1899. you must give proofs that they are so'; you' The Austrian army passed ihe.Ian on the must recal the measures that have prođsted :9th April ; that was the signal for hostilicies, so dangerous a ferment; and this impulse; inn and Auscria declared an implacable war agaibst. voluntarily impressed, must be opposed by'à France and her allies, and the Confederation, direct contrary impulse;. and whereas from of the Rhine. Petersburgh to Naples nothing has been talked The following were the positions of the of but the war that Austria was on the point : French army and her allies : of contencing, and whish all your merchants The corps of the Duke D'Auerstadt at Ra.' represented as inevitable; all Euripe must, I tisbon., say, he completely convinced that peace re The corps of the Duke of Rivoli at Ulm. quires that your pacific intentions should be The corps of General Oudinor at Aug Set: universally talked af and confirmed by your 'burgh. actions as well as your professions. Un my The Head quarters at Strasburgh. side you shall receive every assurance that you The three divisions of Bavarians, under the tan desire.'
Duke of Dantzic were placed as foliows:-“ Such, Sir,-as far as I have been able to The first division, commanded by che Prince describe it, is an authentic statement of what Royal, at Munich; the seconit, bý.Gen. Den his Majesty addressed to, M. Von Metternich. roy, at Landshut; and the third by Gen. Wiede His Majesty scemed to be moved, as men da. at Straubing,
to our arms,
The Wirtembergh division at Heyden- The Duke De Rivoli arrived the next day at kcim.
Pfaffenhotten. The same day the Duke of The Saxon troops encamped under the walls Auerstadt lett Ratisbon to advance to Neuof Dresden.
stadt, and to draw near to Ingolstadt. It was The corps of the Duchy of Warsaw, come rhen evident that the planof the Emperor was manded by Prince Poniatowsky, in the envie to outmaneuvre the enemy, who had formed rons of Warsaw.
near Landshut, and to attack them at the very On the 10th the Austrian troops invested moment, when, thinking they were commenPassau, where they surrounded a battalion of cing the attack, they were marching to RatisBavarians, and at the same time invested bon. Kuffstein, where there was another hattalion of Bavarians. These movements took place
Battle of Tann, on obe 19.b. without even a shot being fired.
On the 19th, by break of day, the Duke of The Bavarian Court quitted Munich for Dil Auerstadt began his march in two columns lingen.
The divisions of Moraud and Gudin formed bis
right, the divisions of St. Hilaire and Friant Landshut went to Altorff, on the left bank of formed his left. The division of St. Hilaire the Iser.
arrived at the village ut Pressing, and there The divisior under the command of General met the enery, superior in number, but inteWrede marched upon Neustadt.
rior in bravery, and there the campaign was The Duke of Rivoli left Ulm for the envie opened by a bartle, which was most glorious sons of Augsburg
General St. Hilaire, supported From the 10th to the 16th the enemy's by General Friant, overturned every thing army advanced from the lon to the Iser;
that was opposed to him, and took all the pothere were several skirmishes between sitions of the enemy, killed a great number of
parcies of the cavalry, in which the Bavarians them, and made between 6 or 700 prisoners. were successful.
The 72d Regiment distinguisbed itself on On the 10.h, at Pfaffenhoffen, the 2d and that day; the 57th maintained its ancient rc. 3d regiinents of Bavarian light horse cons.
putation. Sixteen years ago, this' regiment pletely routed the hussars of Stipschitz and obtained in Italy the name of the Terrible. In the Rosenberg dragoons At the same time this action they maintained their pretensions the evemy appeared in large bodies, for the tothar title; they attacked singly six Austrian purpose of forming at Landshut, the bridge regiments in succession, and routed them. was broken down, and the Bavarian division, Gen. Moraud also fell in with an Austrian divi
On the left, at two o'clock in the afternoon, commanded by General Deroy, vigorously oppused this movement of the enemy, but sion, which he attacked in front, while the being threatened by the columns which had Duke of Dantzic, with a corps of Bavarians, passed the Iser at Moorbergand Freysing, this
which had marched from Abensberg, attacked division retired in good order upon that of Ge. them in the rear. This division was soon drineral Wrede, and the Bavarian army cook a
ven from all işs posicions, and left several central position upon Neustadt.
hundreds in killed and prisoners. The whole
regiment of the Dragvons of Levenher was deDeparture of tbe Emperor from Paris on the 13tb. stroyed, and its Colonel killed, by the Bavarian
'The Emperor learnt by the telegraph, in light-horse. At sun-set, the division of the the evening of the 12th, that the Austrians Duke of Dantzic formed a junction with that had passed the Inn, and he set out from Paris of the Duke of Auerstadt. In all these affairs almost immediately. He arrived at three Generals St. Hilaire and Friant particularly o'clock on the morning of the 16th at Louis- distinguished themselves. Those unfortue hurg, and in the evening of the same day at nate Austrian troops, who had been led from Dillingen, where he saw
the King of Bavaria, Vienna with music and songs, and under a and passed half an hour with that Prince, and persuasiou that there was no longer any French promised in fifteen days to restore him to his
army in Germany, and that they would only capital, to revenge the insults which had been have to deal with Wirtemberghers and Bavari. offered to his house, and to make him greater ans, displayed in the strongest manner the than any of his ancestors had ever been.
resentment they felt against their chiefs, for On the 17th, at two o'clock in the morn- the error into which they had been led; and ing, his Majesty arrived at Donauwerth, their terror was the greater when they saw where he impiediately established his head. those old bands wbich they had been accus. quarters, and gave the necessary orders. tomed to consider as their masters.
Onthe 18th the head quarters were removed 1:1 all these battles our loss was inconsider.' to ngoistadt.
able, compared with that of the enemy, who Battle of Pfaffenbeffen, on the 19th. lost a number of General Officers and others, On the 19ih Gen. Oudinot quitted Augs, who were obliged to put themselves forward burg and arrived by break of day at Pfailen. to give courage to their troops. The Prince' hoffen, where he met 3 or 4000 Austrians, of Lichtenstein, General Lusignan, and which he attacked, and took 300 prisoners, others, were wounded, The loss of the Aus