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ther, particularly the night. frosts and eafterly windo, have not only checked the progres of meir Bowering, but, it is to be feared, have done great injury to the setting of the fruit. The elm and mountain afh, are both in flower.
April 16. Soine Hirundines were this day seon for the first time; they were observed in sapid flight, is a direct line, and not playing about in the air, as they usually do, when the principal part of them are arrived.
April 21. I this day observed several House-martins, playing about the surface of the siver; and occasionally dipping in and wathing themselves. I likewise saw some wheattars.
In the night of April 21ft, we had, without any apparently sufficient caufe, in the pre. ending fall of rain, the highest
flood of fresh water that has been known in this neighbour. hood lince the time that the Hallewell East Indiaman was lot. It was extremely sudden, and its courfe so rapid, as in some placos to have done great injury. About a mile from the place from which I write, it has swept away a house, that was supposed to be out of the reacha of the water; and sone of the bridges have received considerable dainage.
T'he hawthorn hedges are beginning to appear green, and the leaves of the elm are shooting our.
April 24. A caterpillar of the goat-moth,( Bombyx coffus of Haworth,) which had been taken Que of the wood of a decayed willow-tree, in the month of October last, and which almoft imniediately after I received it, began to fpin its weh, crawled out this way to my great furpuze, still in its caterpillar state. Under the impreffion that it would foon undergo the change into a chrysalie, I had neglected to supply it with any food : it has thus sublisted for upwardo at six months, without any nutriment whatever, and is not, as far as I can judge ironi recolJedtion, at all diminished in fize.
April 26. I this day caught a speckled wood-butterfly, (Papilio egeria of Linnæus and Heworth,) fo fresh and weak, that it had evidently only just conie to life.
Muliet, are now caught in the harbours, and at sea, near the thores.
April 28. A fine and mild spring day. The hawthorn-flower buds begin to thew then felves; there are immense quantities of a species of phryganoa, Aying about the xuads and fields, the same, apparently, as I remarked towards the latter end of April, left year.
The young of Cancer Bagnalis, are very abundant, in nearly all the splashes on the roads. It is evidopt that the old animals of this species, previously to the drying of the places wwhich they inhabit, depolit their eggs; and that these eggs continue through the summer and winter uninjured, either by drought or frost, till the coinmencement of the ensuing spring, when they are brought to life.
April 30. It has been asserted, that red-breasts are always filent during their breeding fealon; and that they do not resume their song till the young ones are able to procure their own food. Tbis, however, is not the case, for I have heard them almott overy day.
Corn, fallad, (Valeriana łocufta,) Harebell, ( Scitla nulaus of Smith,) and Subterraneous Trefuil, (Trefolium subterraneum,) are in Aower.
of May, 1809, inclusive, Four Kliles N.N.W. of St. Paul's.
Highest, 770. May 18. Wind S. E. Lowest, 29.00. May 1. Wind N, W. Lowest, 38. May 3. Wind N. W. On the 25th in
On the 28th, the 38 hunthe morning, the
mercury stood, in the Greatest dredths mercury was 29.99 Greatest
middle of the day, at varjution in and at the same variation in
54°, and ou-the next of an inch A hours hour on the 26th, 24 hours.
day at the same hour, it had fallen to
it was no higher than 29.55. The quantity of rain fallen this month is equal to 2.6 in the depth nearly.
In the course of the prefent month we have had some very heavy rains ; but the forin on the 19th, was the most remarkable event that we have to record in this period. In this neighbourhood, it may be regarded as two storms, with a thurt interval between them. The thunder and lightning did not come as ufual, at the distance of several minutes between cach Bach, but the lightning was almost inceffant, the flashes remarkably vivid, and in fone in. tances, they put on appearances that are by no means conmou ; from this place (Highgate)
the weight of the form was at a distance, the thunder not very loud, but like a continual Tumbling, and unaccompanied with hail. At a similar distance, on the south fide of London, the Imil did much damage to tky-riglils, green houses, conservatories, &c. &c. The bailHures were not only very large, but they appeared in some places rather like pieces of ice, broken from a large sheet, in its fall from the clouds, thall as regularly-formed bail-ftones. Since the 19th, the atmosphere has been cool, approaciring rather to cold; bat or the day previously to that, the thermometer food at 77°, since which it has not been higher than 68%, and once or iwice, the greateft heat in the day was 62'. Still the average tent of the month is about 56°, which is 14.o higher than it was for April, but 76 or 8 less than it #as for the month of May, 1808. The wind had been variable, but in the eaferly points full half the month. The average height of the barometer is reckoned at 29.56.
The average temperature taken at Shide, Ife of Wight, for the month of April, is 450.368: iť nrust be remarked, that the obfervations were made every day at lralf-paft eight, A.M. which perhaps gives scarcely the average heat of the 24 hours. In the neighbout hood of London, we know, from accurate observations in several places, that the average heat of the day may be taken without error at nine, or froni that to traitapait nine in the morning. The quantity of rain fallen at Shide, meafured, by a rain-gauge, similarly constructedto that which we ute, is, from November 5, 1808, to March 31, 1809, twenty-two inches ; and for the month of April, it is five inchès.
ASTRONOMICAL ANTICIPATIONS. The new moon will
fall this month on the morning of the 13th, at 49 minutes past three; and the full moon, at 7 minutes past three in the afternoon of the 27th. For the firit fort night, mercury may be feen in the evenings, if the weather be favorable. On the 1st, he fets at two numates past ten (night), on the 4th at eight minutes past ten; on the 7th, at ten nritiutes pat ten; on the 10th, at eight minutes paft ten; on the 13th at three minutes past ten; and on the 16th, at fifty-five minutes paft Kine'. On the 5th, this planet will come into conjunction with the s, in the constellation of the twins, a star of the third magnitude ; on which day the far will be only 54 minutes of a degree to the north; and on the 19th, he will be in conjunction with the e, in the same constellation; and another star of the third magnitudo, when the planet will be 12 23 to the north. The beautiful planet, Venus, is now a morning-sar, and will continae such till the 15th of March, 1810. For the first week the will hardly be visible to the naked eye, on actount of her proximity to the fun; but in the alter-part of the month, she will wake a splendid appearance every fine morning, towards the north-east. Throughout the month the will increase in lustre; and her telescopia appearance will be very interesting. On the 29th and 30th, her brightuess will be equal to what it was in the evenings about the middle of April lat. Mars will be still an eveningfar. He will not set till after midniglı.. Jupiter wiil be up in the mornings, from two to three hours before luu-rise. On the irt, he comes into conjunction with the 5, a ftar of the fourth magnitude; in the constellation of the filhes, when the difference of latitude will be 58 minutes, the planet being to the south. On the morning of the 15th, at 26m. 4s. past two, the third satellite of Jupiter may be seen to emerge out of its primäry's shadow ; and on the morning of the 24th, at 30m. 185. past two, will take place a visible immersion of Jopiter's tecond satellite. Saturn will be put up in the evenings, and part of the mornings, of the present month, throughout which, his apparent motion will be retrograde, from 29 48°, to 27° 58', of the anastrous sign scorpio. The Georgiuih Sidus, as well as Saturn, may be seen for a great part of the night. From the noon of the lit inaft, to the noon of July 1, this planet's place in the zodiac, vvill have twoved from 6° 19', to 50 38', of the ligni scorpio, the appateut motion being retrograde. On the evening of the 21st, at 06 minutes paft our nine, the fun will touch the tropic of Caucer, which is his utruvá lirit norib ward. The solar deelination, north of the equator, will then be 28° 27', 43,7", which quantity is equal to the otliquitf of the ecliptic at that time. For the entertainment of our readers, we fübjoin the following cable of the sun's riling and setting, at London, for a few days before aiid after tlie suminiér folstice ; cafesülly calculated to seconds, the la. tode bring stated at 51 50. June. Sun rises.
In Great Queen-street, Anna Maria, or daughter of the late E. Rudd, Esq.
is en hop Sr Caier,
so In Hatton Garden, Mrs. Sarab Fas niet had she's 71.
oducte tallec és zs Jobn Bastard, Esq. master shipwrigh assistant in his Majesty's Dock-yard, at Deri
n the afde, så ford, much lamented by all who knew him
wamber being fees this gentleman had served his Majesty 4.****
sely in be sa ser : years in the ship building line, and from hi well-known skill and ability in that service his loss must be severely felt.
In Cavendish Square, W. Tuffnell, Esq. sinone pore bis 2 ts sier
In Salisbury Place, Mary.le bone, Mrs uits con low ke that a més,
In Bedford row, Mrs. Blake, wife of Wil-
ale to be scari inceles esq.
In the Hackney road, at the house of a relation, Miss Francis Hord, daughter of R. H. Hord, esq.o: Piccadilly. Being some
, he case wines what indispo with a cold, on retiring to
ved penes se recte bed she took some gruel. Two hours after she became indisposed, and surgical arsistance
uten with the scies Es sie
ed as a ses school is Geet being procured, the symptoms gave rise to an opinion that she bad swallowed poison.
and years the past wees o She lived only about nine hours, and it was
Glaga, Sara, a Cambridge, discovered that the oatmeal, wlrich she used
attental stellectus see with her own hands for the gruel she had taken, was mixed with arsenic for the destruc
450, Et Satis ancie, kes tion of vermin. It was proved that hert death was entirely an accident at her own in
Tries, ziedis ied the
los Esany years in Las hands, as she made the gruel unknown to
Glas Fets, she there, assoc the servant.
0 In Great Cumberlandstreet, Miss Elizabetb to
dailymente las. Be
Fell of the Royal Glyn, daughter of Colonel G. 16.
wa Societies and bence knew In Bedford-row, Mrs. E. Robinson, reliet di
Teed sissies to those of his of E. R. esq. late of Plymouth.-7. Arkinson, of to Be fead of country
od tego, particularly the In Montague-street, Russel square, Mrs. 'eir
Golf, which carried him Hood, wife of William H. esq.
theses of ses He had a taste In Clifford-street, Mrs. Boulton, relict of
Fes; is consequence of William B. esq. 86
i oted with many of At Hanger-hill, T. Wood, esq. 74. the
of them; and his employ. In Park-street, Grosvenor-square, the Phy
is the largest Hospital Hon. Mrs. Grant, third daughter of the Wa
and la private, made knows late Viscount Folkstone, and aupt to the lant
great sumber of persons of Earl of Radnor.
description in life. Fras At the Grove, Blackheath, James Welcb, Hill
to an original turn for of
character, he obtained a In High-street, Marylebone, Mrs. the
Sledge of human nature, Charlotte Deugbry, youngest danske of ly w
of stories and anecdotes, George Brownlow D.esq. 73.
mong bis friends, he In Park-street, Westmin
appiest way. None es4.
related to himself; In Guy's Hospital
et spoke of himself to merly belonging
; no doubt, from a Eortlar
Mhe saw so frequently flic.
In conversation le and that, san.
When he dissented from gence, he Pitcah
declared his opinion in 19, swallowed icin,
remained altogether ai. For the
literary men his value as at free
28 considerably increased in selecting and lively
of repeating pa sages from new works history and treatment of diseases. He was, ie, most of which he read immediately for instance, the first who took notice of hey were published. But, though he the connexion between Rheumatism of the ed so much in society, he never en external parts of the body, and a certain ata. iose a natural shyness of manner, fection of the heart, which he bence called 45 more observable at some times than theumatism of that organ, Since it was
This was often imputed by those mentioned by him numerous examples of it not know him to pride; though, have been seen by, others, which puts the
it seemed to arise from a diffidence justness of the observation beyond doube; 12 merit. As he advanced in years, though no trace of it exists in any author ders became less reserved to strang- prior to Dr. Baillie, to whom he had coms his friends they had always been munica’ed it. He never published any of
affectionate. His feelings were his observations himself; but several, beI he was sometimes betrayed by sides that which has just been spokea of, little improprieties ; but this disad- have been given to the world by others He as greatly outweighed by the ener never long enjoyed very good health from as hence given to his character, the time of his commencing to practise plıy. rest which he took in the hap- sick in London. For, not to repeat what hers. It may be regarded, pero has already been said respecting his disorders, in considerable ciile to praise, that he was, during many years of the first part
With the utmost kindness and of his residence here, much subject to vio. wards his numerous relations. lent head-achs, He twice laboured under Yours to serve, were not con severe agues ; and suffered several attacks of
He was ever ready to assist inflammatory sure-throat. But none of his heir pursuits, not only by his ailments made any considerable permanent his influence with others, and impression upon his external appearance ; for his time; to say nothing of immediately before his death no person would
he frequently furnished. have supposed, from seeing him, that his of warm tempers, he was health had ever been bad, or that he had ato his present pursuits more tained the age of nearly sixty years. ortance; and, as increase of [ Further particulars of Miss Anna Seward, nal employment, together whose death was announc d ai p. 410 of cur
in the state of his last Number, The liberal attainments of produced alterations in Miss Seward, and her devotion to the Aluses, : was hence thought by long rendered her game celebrated in the reable disposition. But lettered world; whilst her amiable manners,
respecting his attach- hospitality, and highly cultivated converna continued to the last, sation, caused her to be universally sougho 's, and was, in return, after, and respected. Perhaps no person ever by them. His man possessed in a greater degree, the colloquial s simple, gentle, and powers of pleasing, than Miss Seward.' To iciently chearful to a minute and accurate acquaiatance with the offending by its in- English classics, she added an inexhaustible about him. From fund of lucal and literary anecdote. Natu. was frequently led rally eloquent, she communicated her know
tis patients chan ledge in the choicest, and most energetic *lom a Physician ; language. The animation of her coun.
ng from no in- tenance, and the brilliant lustre of her eye, cquired consider. gave a most forcible expression of feeling hom he had at. and intelligence to her words and actions.
physician, in- Conscious of her ability she freely displayed !, perhaps, ever herself in a manner equally remote from ar
a degree gra. rogance and affectation. Her mind and inther physicians formation were accessible to all; and no
and he most one ever parted from her dissatisfied with appearance of himself, or without ihe desire to renew his nal concerns. visit. In familiar conversation she greatly ummended by excelled; and in reading, more particularly n it arose from poetry, she was uncommonly spirited and corE appeared in Her doors were at all times open with s lise. As he liberal hospitality, and to diffuse cheártulness ie symptoms of and happiness over her domestic, and social Jegree in which circles, was the endeavour of her life. Or
bud, from this infant genius and merit, wherever she met c of his manory, chem, she was the warm encourajer, and
knowledge of his zealous friend. Her hand was ever extended in consequences also in active benevolence towards the distressed, observations upon the and her heart most readily paid the tribute
ill; and having heard the history of his ail. liam Almack, esq. of London, and a niece of ment, and an account of the remedies em. his preceptor, Dr. Culleri, but had no issue. ployed, he entirely approved of what had She likewise survives him. His person was been done. At this time Dr. Baillie obser. tall and erect, but of late years rather thin ; ved no symptom which indicated danger. his countenance during youth was a model The disease becoming more violent in the of manly beauty, and even in advanced life course of the night, a considerable number was remarkably handsome. While a boy, of lecches were applied to the throat early in he was noted for possessing a grave and the morning. Dr. Baillie visited him at 11 manly manner, connected with much sweet. o'clock in the forenoon. His countenance ness of disposition. These qualities, added was now sunk, his pulse feeble and unequal, to considerable bodily strength and courage, his breathing laborious, and his voice almost gave him great influence over bis play-fellost, from the swollen state of the parts con lows. But, though of a scudious turn, he cerned in its formation. In this state he did not acquire knowledge at school as quickly wrote upon a piece of paper, that he conceiv. as some of his companions. His memory, ed his windpipe to be the principal seat of however, was strong, and his judgment the disease, and that this was tlie croup. sound; whatever, therefore, he learned was Mr. Home was also present ; and it was retained, and well assorted; so that in time agreed that an attempt should be made tu he excelled most of those who had once been give relief by wounding the tonsils. This regarded his superiors. His knowledge of was accordingly done ; some blood issued, history and geography, from the strength of but nothing purulent. Both the patient, his memory, was particularly accurate. Few however, and those about him, conceived persons ever gained, without any direct effort that he had derived benefit from the opera. to this end, 80 extensive an acquaintance tion. Dr. Baillie saw him again between with the various orders of society. His edu. four and five o'clock in the afternoon, and cation began at the largest school in Great thought his situation much improved; for Britain. He afterwards studied for several the pulse was now equal and more firm, and years at cach of the great universities of his general appearance indicated less debility Glasgow, Edinburgh, and Cambridge, and and distress. Under this persuasion he left attended the principal lectures upon media him, having previously agreed to return at cine in London. While a young man in Lon. 10 in the evening, when he was to meet in don, he livej with his uncle, who had many consultation Mr. Home, and another Physi- friends, and frequently entertained them at cian, who had long time been intimate with his louse. He resided many years in Line his patient. A little before Dr. Baillie had coln's Inn Fields; and, while there, associpaid the visit just mentioned, a slighe drowsi- ated daily with gentlemen of the law. He ness had come on, and this symptom rather was early admitted a Fellow of the Royal increased after his departure. But nothing and Antiquarian Societies; und hence knew more remarkable occurred till near eight many learned men in addition to those of his o'clock, when the patient's breathing be own profossion. He was fond of country came suddenly more difficult. About 20 mi. sports, and athletic games, particularly the nutes after this he died. The body was ex. Scottish one named Golf, which carried him amined the second day after his death by Mr. among other sets of men. He had a taste Home, Dr. Baillie, and Dr. Wells. The also for the Fine Arts; in consequence of threat and tongue were found much inflamed which, he hecame acquainted with many of and swollen. The inner membrane of the the professors of them; and his employ. windpipe was also found inflamed, but alto. ment as a physician in the largest Hospital gether free from that præternatural coating in the kingdom, and in private, made known which occurs in croup. The heart and lungs to him a very great number of persons of were entirely sound; but the great artery, every rank, and description in lite. From close to its origin, was somewhat discased; such opportunities, and an original turn for sufficiently, perhaps, to occasion in a person the observation of character, he obtained a of an irritable frame an increased force in the most extensive knowledge of human nature, pulsation of the heart, though apparently nut and an infinite fund of stories and anecdotes, in such a degree as to affect the duration of which when at case among his friends, he life. On the 25th, his corpse was deposited used to relate in the happiest way. in a vault in the church of St. Bartholomew, of his stories, however, related to himself; near Smithfield, which contained the remains indeed, he scarcely ever spoke of himself tu of his father and uncle. Dr. D. Pitcairn had his most intimate friends; no doubt, from a five brothers; one of them died young; three wish to avoid a fault he saw so frequently others, all of them officers in his Majesty's committed by others. In conversation bie service, died after they were men; the young. shunned dispute. When he dissented from est, a counsellor at Law, survives him. He others, he either declared his opinion in had four sisters, all of whom have been mar. a few words, or remained altogether si. ried, and are alive. His mother also still lent. With literary men his value as Jives, and is in her 79th year. In 1781, he a companion was considerably increased married Elizabeth the only daughter of Wil. by his judgment in selecting, and lively