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PRICES OP STOCKS, from the 26th of May, to the 21th of JUNE, both inclusive.
N. B. lu the 3 per Cent. Consols the highest and lowest Prices are given; in the other Stocks, the highest only.
WM. TURQUAND, Stuck aud Exchange Broker, No.9, St. Michuel's Alley, Cornbilt,
MONTHLY COMMERCIAL REPORT.
SINCE our last Report, we have the pleasure to announce the arrival of a large fleet from
the East Iudies; and another, coufitting of about 120 vetfils, from the Leeward Ilands, deeply laden with rum, fugar, coffee, and cotton, &c. all of which articles cuine to a goud market, as the prices of Welt-India produce keep very steady, and in demand, From America no lets than 30 veflelo arrived in one tide at Liverpool; the quantity of cotton-wool they bring has already effected the market by a reduction of nearly 3d. per cwt. Tobacco has likewile lowered; and a large quantity of Nax-seed has reached the shores of Ireland, from Boston, New York, and Philadelphia ; the effect of which will, no doubt, reduce the enormous prices of linen cloth, and give bread to thousands of poor industrious weavers in the north of that kingdom.
The Eaft- India Company have declared for sale on the 5th of September next, prompt the 12th of January, 1810, the following goods, viz. 46,000 pieces of multin; 66,000 pieces of calicoes; with fundry prohibited goods of similar quality.
Very confiderable orders are now executing at Birmingham, Manchester, Leeds, &c. for the American market; and the returns for our large importations fron the Vuited States, will confift of our British manufactures, now so much wanted in that country.
Notwithstanding that Mr. Erskine inay have exceeded the exact limits of our government respecting the trade with America, we have every reason to hope that the commerce detween the two countries will be carried on to mutual advantage, and without any interruption whatever. The following is the Proclamation, taken from the American Papers, viz.
“ Proclamation. By the Presidens of the United States of America. " Whereas it is provided by the 11th Section of the A&t of Congress, entitled, “ An Act to interdict the commercial intercourse between the United States and Great Britain and France and their dependencies, and for other purposes,' that 'in case either France or Great Britain (hall revoke or modify her edicts, as that they shall cease to violate the neutral commerce of the United States,' the Prefident is authorised to declare the same by Proclamation, after which the trade suspended by the said act, and by an act laying an embargo on all ships and vessels in the ports and harbours of the Uuited States, and several acts fupplementary thereto, may be renewed with the nation to doing. And whereas the Honourable D. M. Erskine, his Britannic Majesty's Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Pleniputentiary, has, by the order, and in the name of his fovereign, declared to this government, that the British Orders in Council of January and November, 1807, will have been withdrawn, as respects the United States, on the 10th of June next ;-110w, therefore, I, James Maddison, President of the United States, do hereby proclaim that the Orders in Council aforesaid will have been withdrawn on the said 10th of June next: after which day the trade of the United States with Great Britain, as suspended by the act of Congress abovementioned, and an act lying an embargo on all thips and vessels in the ports and harbours of the United States, and the several acts supplementary thereto, may be renewed. Given under my hand and seal at Walhington, April 19, 1809, and 33d of the Independence of the United States.
JAMES MADB180N.' In our last month's Commercial Report our friends will see the particulars of our Orders in Council of the 24th of May, 1809.
Prices of Canal, Duck, Fire-Office, Water Works, &c. &c. 215 of June, 1809 --London Dock Stock, 1921. per cent. West India ditto, 1801. diuto. East India ditto, 1301, dicto. Commercial ditto, 1341. ditto. Grand Junction Canal Shares, 1811, per share. Grand Sur. sey ditto, 801. ditto. Kennet and Avon ditto, 241. per share. Globe Fire and Life Assurance Shares, 1201. ditto. Albion ditto, 581. ditro. Hope ditto, 75, per share premium. Imperial Fire Assurance, 65l. per share. Kent ditto, 481. ditto. Rock Life Assurance, 4s. to 55. per share premium. Commercial Road Stock, 1221: per cent. London Lustitution, 8:11. per share. Surrey dicto, par. South London-Water Works, 1351. per share. East London ditto, 1.361. ditto. West Middlesex ditto, 1111. diito. Lewis, Wolte, and Co. Canal, Dock, and Stock Brokers, No. 9, Change Alley, Cornhill.
The average prices of Navigable Canal Shares, Dock Stock, Fire Office Shares, &c. in June, 1809, at the Office of Mr. Scott, 28, New Bridge Street, Louton. The Trent and Mersey, or Grand Trunk Canal, 1,0101. per fare, ex dividend of 201. per thare clear, for the half year. Grand Junction, 1751. to 1851. ex dividend of 21. 10s. clear, for the half year. Monmouthshire, 10-11 dividing 51. per fare clear. Ellesmere, 661. Thames and Dledway, 801. with new subscription. Wilts and Berks, 281. Kennet and Avon, 231. Kent Water Works, 111. 11s. premium. Commercial Dock, 341. premium, ex dividend. Welt India Dock, 1761. per cent. London Dock, 1211. to 122 Albion Allurance, 81. per share Premjum. Rock Lite Asurance, 4s. per fare preminıą.
MONTHLY BOTANICAL REPORT. OUR present report muft be devoted to pay our arrears of the enumeration and examina
tion of the phænogamic plants of English Botany. In the Number for November, 1808, we ineet with an addition to the British Fiora, the Pyrola media of Swartz, in the Stockholm transactions, having been discovered by Mr. Winch in Scots'-wood Dean, near Newcalile; also in Northumberland, Durham and j'orkshire. It has been confounded, Dr. Smith observes, with P. minor, and seems intermediate between that and rotundifolia. It has a twisted flower-stalk; but the character drawn from the polition of the famens, 'sregularly incurved round the germen,” we suspect, will prove fallacious, knowing, that in some species at least, the position changes according to the stage of flowering.
Sedum sexangulare, first figured in the Flora Londinensis. Hudson, in his second edition of bis Fiora Anglica, considers this plant as only a variety of Sedum .cre; from which it differs fo materially, that Dr. Smith wonders how any fyftematic botanist could confound them. It is also different in its qualities, being totally void of the aerid pungency of S. acre.
Epilobium angustifolium; so common in gardens, that it may most probably have been dirseminated from thence; it seems, however, to be perfectly naturalized in many places in ihe north, particularly on Cheviot Hills, and in Teasdale. Ilad it been a native in Ray's time, so conspicuous a plant which laste so long in flower, could hardly have escaped the researches of the botanists of his day.
Epilobium tetragonum? Dr. Smith confesses to have heen sometimes puzzled between this plant, and E. rofeum of Schreber; and thinks it may ftill admit of a doubt, how far they are really diftinct.
Alpidium criftatuin, Polypodium cristatum of Linnæus, found near Ride, in the Me of Wight, also in Scotland; and very diftinct from A. dilatatum, long mistaken for P. friftatum.
For December, we have Lactuca vioja, the one here figured as the variety with individed leaves. In the neighbourhood of London, where this plant is very coiong, we have never met with any other; wefufpect, therelore, that the variety with jagged leaves may be a dirtinct species, not occurring in this part of the liland
Salix pbylicifolia I.. This is the S. radicans of Flora Britannica; the latter name is therefore to be expunged; Dr Smith having, upon the trees producing its female carkins, been able to ascertain the species with more certainty. Salix proftrata of Fiora Britannica, found by Mr. Dickson in Scotland, and also on Epping Forrest, by Mír. Edward Forster.
lix fusca. It would have been much more satisfactory, if Dr. Smith bad given a figura - ta lexes; this is a male plant, the two former female plants, as is the following.
Salix parvifolia. A new species: and the next,
Salix afcendens, is a male plant, the female catkins are mentioned as corresponding with the preceding; and were we to judge from the figures and descriptions bere given, we should conlider them as the male and female of the lame ipecies. This a very difficult genus; and in order to the fatistactory illustration of it, figures of the male and female plants, and of a young not towering branch are all wanted : on the latter the leaves are often remarkably different, and the itipulæ only to be mel with. We are, however, obliged to Dr. Smith for what he has done.
In January Number ire find Hordeum murinum. “ A worthless grats,” and most common hy the waytides, under walls, &c. Dr. Smith calls it, in English, Wall, or Moule Barley. It has, by Ray and Hudson, been called wall barley; and the Lexicon makers have generally quoted the Hordeum marinum of Pliny, as an example of murinus, from murus.
A wall, Dr. Smith, by adding the name of moule barley, we suppore, means to translate the latin name; and in this transition lie appears to us, io be perfectly right. We can see no reafon, to fuppose that Pliny, meant to give a different signification to the word here than ellewhere ; he has often mentioned murinum fimui, moule dung; and why it nould be imagined that in this instance, he uted it for murale, which no other Roman writer has done, we cannot guels.
Galium uliginosum. This plant has not been well understood, and no certain figure has been given or it before.'
Mi yosotis palustris. In his Flora Britannica, Dr. Smith had followed Linnæus, in considering the M. arvensis and poluffris as only varieties of the fame species; but several of the iater Englifli Botanists, particularly Withering, Hull, Relhan, and Abbot, had after Haller made them diftinct: by the remarks of Dr. Roth and his friend Trentepohl, Dr. Smith is now convinced that they are really 10 We still think, however, that this question cannot be fairly decided but by a careful cultivation in different roils and situations.,
Allinu vineale, or crow garlick. Dr Withering tells us, that the young leaves are very commonly boiled in foups. The taste of them raw, is, however, intolerably acrid and nausea / ous, and so durable in the mouth that it is difficult to get rid of it. Can there be any truth in a notion propagated by some German writer, that the excellent flavour of larks is owing to their feeding on this plant? It is mure certain that the butter of cows, that have eaten it, is not mended in its favour.
In February Number we have Scirpus carinatus, a new species, found on the Thames near Wefimiuifter bridge, for which Dr. Smith is indebted to Mr. Edward Forster for pointing out its distinguishing characters from the common bull-ruth, of which it was before confidered as *a mere variety
Bromus arvensis; B spiculitenuata of Knapp, which Dr. Smith now discovers to be the true Bromus arvensis oi Linnæus ; under which name, he lays, two species have heen confounded in England. The former plant given under this apeliation be therefore now calls Bromus pratensis.
Potamogeton lanceolatum, a new species, from the lakes of North-Wales, communicated by the Rev. H. Davies. Dr. Smith queries if this can be the setaceum of Hudson, a species that no one knows?
Hypericum barbatum of Jacquin, found by Mr. G. Donn, in Perthshire, and quite a new addition to the British Flora.
Equisetum variegatum; another discovery of Mr. G. Donn, who found it in Angusfaire.
In the Number for Marc'i, we meet with Ornithogalum nutans, sent by the Rev. G. R. I eatles, from High-fielus, near Bury, where it grows in great plenty, but not properly indigenous, though become a denizen of many countries in Europe. Its originál place of growth is doubitul.
Rumex crispus, a very common, very troublesome, and unprofitable wecd.
Epilobium a jinfoiium of Villars. This is perhaps only a variety of E. alpinum, with larger more ferrated leaves. It is here remarked, that it is called a sinifolium, with reference of some of the larger kinds of chickweeds. To us the leaves appear only.to relemble thote to Cerastium aquaticum, L. Dr. Smith observes in this article, that Alfine of Linnæus will not remain as a genus at all. We cannot licly fufpecting, however, that when more attention fall be given to natural afinity, and the value of number comes to be confined within its due limits, that the genus Alfine will be restored, and Cerastiem aquaticuin, Stellaria media of Flora Britannica, and Stellaria uligirioja, will be arranged under it; or, at least, that there three plants will not be separated.
The Number published on the ist of April, contains Epilobiuin alpinum; a native of the high mountains of Scotland.
Euphorbia Peplis. Found no where in this island but on the fandy shores of Cornwall and Devonshire. Ranunculus bederaceus; here said to be very diftiuct from all the varicties of Ranunculus
aquatilis, with which it has been united by some botanists. We have fill, however, our doubts; the latter species is so truly połymorphous according to the fituation in which it grows, We think we have seen plants exactly resembling Ranunculus bederaceus growing in places where the water had entirely left the soil, and gradually putting on the appearance of R. aquatilis as it approached the deeper water, where the latter only appeared. In these there could hardly be a doubt of thcir being the offspring of the same parent.
The Number for May conlains Antirrhinum minus, which finishes all the British 1pecies of Antirrhinum. It is often to be met with in Battersea-field, and other corn-fields, where the foil is particularly light. 'Hypericum calycinum; the large-flowered Hypericum, so very common in gardens, is here supposed to grow wild in Ireland.
Gnaphalium margaritaceum, given hy Dillenius, in Ray' Synopsis, as a denizen of this island. It is, however, probably of Ainerican origin; but liaving been formerly' a favourite in every cottage-garden through the land, it is not to be wondered at, if it lhould have established itself in many parts, where it appears perfe&ly wild.
- Erigeron cana dense is precilely under the same circumstances as the last-mentioned plant, except that it never has been fo universally cultivated. Dr. Smith oblerves, 'that he has not observed it in the neighbourhood of London ; we have seen it upon the tops of walls in leveral places.
Equisetum arvense, palustre, and fluviatile... The first resemble one another very much, except in lize; but Mr. J. D. Sowerby has discovered an excellent specific difference, in the angles of the branches, each of which terminating in a tooth, is double in fluviatile, but not fo in arvenje.
NATURALIST'S MONTHLY REPORT,
And crowds opon the senses.
very fine and hot day; and the same beautiful weather continued till the 19th, the evening of which was cold and rainy. There was some thunder on the 19th. On the 14th, 15th, and 16th, the therniometer, in the shade, was as high as 68o. The last days of May were unreasonably eold; and in several parts of the south of England, particularly in Devonshire and Cornwall, there was much rain.
May 1. A Dormouse was brought to me in its hybernaculum, and fill in a torpid ftate. From this state it did not perfe&ly recover, though placed in a cage in a warm room, till the 101h, when, for the first time, it came out of its ueft in search of food.
Cuckoo flowers (Cardamine pratenfis,) are seen in all the moist meadows; and I this day, for the frit time, heard the long of the cuckoo. It has, however, been heard by oiliers nearly a week ago.
The medicinal lecches begin to swim amongst the weeds in the rivers; and the persons who calch thein for fale, have obtained a confiderable number.
The hornbeain, (carpinus cetulus,) (ycamore, (açır pseudoplatumus,) common bugle, (ajuga, reptans,) wild cicely, (Cherophyllum sylvejira,) and wale tool's orchis, (orebis masiula,) are in ftower.
May 5th. The house martins are beginning to build their nels. They are later in this operation than I recollect them to have been for several years past.
Thic fedge warbler fings.
The buds of the hawihorn Aowers begin to appear white., There will be a great abun. dance of thele flowers this year.
May 10th. Cock chafers, (Scarabeus melolonthia,) are seen in the evenings about the trees and hedges, in swarms as great as during any of the late leasons, it is fingular, that, although thiele restructive infects are fu abundant in Hampshire, yet in the counties weffward, particularly ir: Devonthire' and Cornwall, there are very few indeed of them.
The following wild plants, are in flower : Lily of the valley, Crot!wat, (Galium crucia. tum. ) comnion avens, (Gcum urbanum, ) twazł lade; (opbrys ovata,) common vetch, (xicia farivil,) bush vetch, (vicia fepium,) foxglove, Digitalis purpurea, ) opposite leaved golden saxi. frage, (Cbryfosplenium opjojitifolium,) yellow-wood pimpernell, (Lysimachia nemorum,) and com. nou bird's tout, (Ornitkopus perpufillus.)
May 15th. The orange-tip butterflies, (Papilio Cardamines,) the caterpillars, or larve of wh ch, feed on the leaves of the cuckou flower, are flying, in greater numbers than I have generaly remarkı d. May 17th.
A temale, of the Emperor moth, (Bombyx favonus of Haworth,) this day came forth from its chrysalis. This chrysalis was mentioned in the report for September last, as