ページの画像
PDF
ePub
[ocr errors]

51 20

[ocr errors]

5 20

12

44

1o

COURSE OF EXCHANGE. May 26th 30th. Irune24. tirn. 9th. 130n. 16th. 20th. 23rd. 1809. Amsterdam, 2 Us. 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 51 Ditto, Sight SO 5 30 5 30 SO 5 30 5) SO 5 30 51 30 5130 5 Rotterdam, 9 14 9 14 9 14 9 10

9 14 9 14 9 14 9 141 9 14 Hamburgh,

296 29 6 29 6 29 29 29 28 61 28 0 28 Altona, 29 29 7 29 7 29 1/ 29 1 29

28 11 28 728 7 Paris, 1 day date. 20 '1

20
1
20: 1

20 1 20 1 20 1 20 1 20 1120 1 Ditto, 2 Us. 20

20 5 20 5

20
51 20 5 20 51 90

5 Bourdeaux

20
20 5 20 5 20 5 20 5 20 51 20 51 20

5 Madrid Ditto, effective 44

44

+4 44
Cadiz
Ditto, effective 39 39 39 38

38
38} so

39 Bilboa

41
41
41 41

11

41 Palermo,

92 92 92 92 92 92 92 92 192 Leghorn 57 57

57 57 57 57 57 07 Genoa

50 - 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 Yenice 52 52 52 52 52

52 52 52 Naples..

42 42 42 42 42 42 42 42 Lisbon.

69
64

65 65 64 61 64 66 Oporto....

64
65 65 66

65 65 65 167 Rio Janeiro

67
671 671

67 671 671 Malta... 53 53 53

53
52 52

52

152 Gibraltar..

36 36 36 36 56 36 36 36 136 Dublin

94 10
10 101, 104 101

10 10 Cork

93
10

10 101 10 101 101 104 104 WM. TURQUAND, Exchange and Stock Broker,

No. 9, St. Michael's Alley, Cornbill.

41

57

52

[ocr errors]

671

67

52

10

MONTHLY BOTANICAL REPORT. QUR present report must be devoted to pay our arrears of the enumeration and examina

tion of the phænogamic plants of English Botany. In the Number for November, 1808, we ineet with an addition to the British Fiora, the Pyrola media of Swartz, in the Stockholm transactions, having been discovered by Mr. Winch in Scots'-wood Dean, near Newcastle; also in Northumberland, Durham and York,naire. It has been confounded, Dr. Smith observes, with P. minor, and seems intermediate between that and rotundifolia. It has a twisted Power-stalk; but the character drawn from the position of the samens, regularly incurved round the germen,” we fulpect, will prove fallacious, knowing, that in some species at least, the position changes according io the stage of flowering.

Sedum sexangulare, first figured in the Flora Londinensis. Hudson, in his second edition of bis Fiora Anglica, considers this plant as only a variety of Seduin.cre; from which it differs fo materially, that Dr. Smith wonders how any systematic botanilt could confound them. It is also different in its qualities, being totally void of the aerid pungency of S. acre.

Epilobium ang:ustifolium ; fo common in gardens, that it may most probably have been difseminated from thence; it seems, however, to be perfectly naturalized in many places in ihe north, particularly on Cheviot Hills, and in Teasdale. Ilad it been a native in Ray's time, so conspicuous a plant which lasts fo long in flower, could hardly have escaped the researches of the botanists of his day.

Epilobium tetragonum : Dr. Smith confeffes to have been fometimes puzzled between this plant, and E. rofeum Schreber; and thinks it may ftill admit of a doubt, how far they are really diftinct.

Alpidium criftatuin, Polypodium cristatum of Linnæus, found near Ryde, in the Me of Wight, also in Scotland ; and very distinct from A. dilatatum, long mistaken for P. çriftarum.

Asplenjom Adiantum-nigrum,

For December, we have Lactuca viroja, the one here figured as the variety with individed leayes. In the neighbourhood of London, where this plant is very coinnin, we have never met with any other; we suspect, therefore, that the variety with jägged leaves may be a diftinct species, not occurring in this part of the Itland

Salix pbylicifolia L. This is the S. radicans of Flora Britannica; the latter name is therefore to be expunged; Dr Smith having, upon the trees producing its female catkins, been able to ascertain the species with inore certainty. Salix proftrata of Flora Britannica, found by Mr. Dickson in Scotland, and also on Epping Forrest, by Mr. Edward Forster.

lix fusca.' It would have been much more satisfactory, if Dr. Smith bad given a figura its lexes; this is a male plant, the two former female plants, as is the following.

a

Salix parvifolia. A new species: and the next,

Salis afcendens, is a male plant, the female catkins are mentioned as corresponding with the preceding; and were we to judge from the figures and descriptions here given, we should contider them as the male and female of the lame ipecies. This a very difficult genus; and in order to the fatistactory illustration of it, figures of the male and female plants, and of a 'young not towering branch are all wanted : on the latter the leaves are often renarkably different, and the itipulæ only to be mel with. We are, however, obliged to Dr. Smith for what he has done.

In January Number re find Hordeum murinum. “ A worthless grals,” and most common by the waytides, unaer walls, &c. Dr. Smith calls it, in English, Wall, or Moule Barley. It has, by Ray and Hudson, been called wall barley; and the Lexicon makers havé generally quoted the Hordeum marinum of Pliny, as an example of murinus, from murus. A wall, Dr. Smith, by adding the name of mouse barley, we suppose, means to translate the latin name; and in this translation die appears to us, io be perfectly right. We can see no reafon, to fuppose that Pliny, meant to give a different. lignification to the word here than ellewhere ; he has often mentioned murinum fimul, moule

dung; and why it should be imagined that in this instance, he used it for murale, which no other Roman writer has done, we cannot guels.

Galium uliginosum. This plant has not been well understood, and no certain figure has been given or it before.

Myosotis palustris. In his Flora Britannica, Dr. Smith had followed Linnæus, in considering the M. arvensis and poluftris as only varieties of the same species; but several of the later Englilli Botanists, particularly Withering, Hull, Relhan, and Abbot, had after Haller' made them diftinet : by the remarks of Dr. Roth and his friend Trentepohl, Dr. Smith is now convinced that they are really lo We still think, however, that this question cannot be fairly decided but by a careful cultivation in different roils and filuations,

Alli vineale, or crow garlick. Dr Withering tells us, that the young leaves are very commonly boiled in fuups. The taste of them raw, is, however, intolerably acrid and nausea i ous, and so durable in the mouth that it is difficult to get rid of it. Can there be any truth in a notion propagated by some German writer, that the excellent favour of larks is owing to their feeding on this plant? It is more certain that the butter of cows, that have eaten it, is not mended in its favour.

In February Number we have Scirpns carinatus, a new species, found on the Thames ncar Weftmirifter bridge, 191 which Dr. Smith is indebted to Mr. Edward Forster for pointing out its distinguishing characters from the conmon bull-ruth, of which it was before confidered as a mere variety

Bromus arvenfis ; B spiculitenuata of Knapp, which Dr. Smith now.discovers to be the true Bromus arvensis oi Linnæus ; under which name, he lays, two species have heen confounded in England. The former plant given under this apellation he therefore now calls Bromus pratensis.

Poiamogeton lanceolatum, a new species, from the lakes of North-Wales, communicated by the Rev. H. Davieś. Dr. Smith queries it this can be the setaceum of Hudson, a fpecies that no one knows?

Hypericum barbatum of Jacquin, found by Mr. G. Donn, in Perthshire, and quite a new addition to the British Flora

Equisetum veriegatum; another discovery of Mr. G. Donn, who found it in AngusMire.

In the Number for Marci, we meet with "Ornithogalum nutans, sent by the Rev. G. R. I eathes, from High-fielus, near Bury, where it grows in great plenty, but not properly indigenous, though become a denizen of many countries in Europe. Its originál place of growth is doubtil.

Rupex crispus, a very common, very troublesome, and unprofitable weed.
Rumex odtujilius, a still wore common and more troublesome weed than the former.

Epilobium a jinifoium of Villars. This is perhaps only a variety of E. alpinum, with larger more Serrated leaves. It is here remarked, that it is called alsinifolium, with reference of some of the larger kinds of chickwee:ls. To us the leaves appear only.to resemble those to Cerastium aquaticum, L. Dr. Smith oblerves in this article, that Alfine of Linnæus will not remain as a genus ät all. We cannot lielu luípecting, however, that when more attention fall be given to natural afinity, and the value of number comes to be confined within its due limits, that the genus Alfine will be reitored, and Cerastium aquaticui9, Stellaria media of Flora Britannica, and Stellaria uliginofa, will be arranged under it'; or, at least, that there tlıree plants will not be separated.

The Number published on the 1st of April, contains Epilobium alpinum; a native of the high mountains of Scotland.

Euphorbia Peplis. Found no where in this isand but on the fandy thores of Cornwall and Devonshire Ranunculu's bederaceus; here said to be very diftinct from all the varicties of Ranunenlus

aquatilis,

aquatilis, with which it has been united by some botanists. We have fill, however, our doubts; the latter species is so truly polymorphous according to the fituation in which it grows, We thing we have seen plants exactly resembling Ranunculus bederaceus growing in places where the water had entirely left the soil, and gradually putting on the appearance of R. aquatilis as it approached the deeper water, where the latter only appeared. In these there could hardly be a doubt of their being the offspring of the same parent.

The Number for May conlains Antirrhinum minus, which finishes all the Britith fpecies of Antirrhinum. It is often to be met with in Battersea-field, and other corn-fields, where the foil is particularly light.

Hypericum calycinum; the large-flowered Hypericum, lo very common in gardens, is here supposed to grow wild in Ireland.

Gnaphalium margaritaceum, given by Dillenius, in Ray' Synopsis, as a denizen of this island. It is, however, probably of American origin; but having been formerly a favourite in every cottage-garden through the land, it is not to be wondered at, if it should have estab. lished itself in many parts, where it appears perfectly wild.

- Erigeron cana dense is precilely under the same circumstances as the last-mentioned plant, except that it never has been fó universally cultivated. Dr. Smith observes, that he has not observed it in the neighbourhood of London ; we have seen it upon the tops of walls in leveral places.

Equisetum arvense, palustre, and Auviatile. The first resemble one another very much, except in lize; but Mr. J. D. Sowerby has discovered an excellent fpecific difference, in the angles of the branches, each of which terminating in a tooth, is double in fluviatile, but Bot so in arvenje.

a

NATURALIST'S MONTHLY REPORT,

MAY

Leaving Montb.
All that is sweet to l'mell, all that can charın
Or eye or ear, bursts forth on every lide,

And crowds upon the senses.
TOWARDS the commencement of the month we had a good deal of rain. The 7th was a

very fine and hot day; and the same beautiful weather continued till the 19th, the eyening of which was cold and rainy. There was some thunder on the 19th. On the 14th, 15th, and 16th, the therniometer, in the shade, was as high as 68o. The last days of May were unreasonably eold; and in several parts of the south of England, particularly in Devonshire and Cornwall, there was much rain.

May 1. A Dormoule was brought to me in its hybernaculum, and fill in a torpid state. From ihis state it did not perfe&ly recover, though placed in a cage in a warm room, till the 10th, when, for the first time, it came out of its ueft in search of food.

Cuckoo flowers (Cardamine pratenfis,) are seen in all the moist neadows; and I this day, for the frit time, heard the song of the cuckoo. It has, however, been heard by others nearly a week ago.

The medicinal lecches begin to swim amongst the weeds in the rivers; and the persons who catch them for fale, have obtained a confiderable number.

The hornbeam, (carpinus cetulus,) {ycamore, (acer pseudoplatumus,) common bugle, (ajuga, reptans,) wild cicely, Chæropbyllum sylveftra,) and wale fool's orchis, (orebis masiula,) are in flower.

May 5th. The house martins are beginning to build their nets. They are later in this operation than I recollect them to have been for several years past.

Ilie ledge warbler fingi.

The buds of the hawihorn Aowers begin to appear white. There will be a great abun. dance of thele flowers this year.

May 10th. Cock chafers, (Scarabeus melolonthia,) are seen in the evenings about the trees and hedges, in swarms as great as during any of the late leafons, It is fingular, that, aithough thiele destructive infects are fo abundant in Hampshire, yet in the counties wellward, particularly in Devonshire' and Cornwall, there are very few indeed of them...

The following wild plants, are in flower : Lily of the valley, Crotwæt, (Galium cruciatum. ) common avens, (Geum urbanum, ) twazit lade; (opbrys overa,) common vetoh, (arcia farivo,) bush vetch, (vicia sepium,) foxglove, (Digitalis purpurea, ) opposite leaved golden sixi. frage, (Cbryfosplenium opojirifolium,) yellow-wood pimpernell, (Lysimacbia nemorum,) and comnjon bird's rout, (Ornitkopus perpufillus.).

May 15th. The orange-tip butterflies, (Papilio Cardamines) the caterpillars, or larve of wh ch, feed on the leaves of the cuckou flower, are flying, in grcater numbers than I have generaly remarked.

A temale, of the Emperor moth, (Bombyx favonus of Haworth,) this day came forch treom its cbryfalis. This chrysalis was mentioned in the report for September lalt, as

probably

May 17th.

probably that of Bombyx tauus, but as I afterwards stated, it really belonged to the present species.

The flycatchers, (muficapa grisola,) appear.

The young eels have commenced their migration from the neighbourhood of the fea, to the more diftant parts of the rivers.

May 16. The red admiral butterfly, (papilio atalanta.) appears.
May 22. I this day observed the yellow wagtail, (motacilla Bava.)

Sheil snails, particularly those of the species Helix Hortenfis, or common garden (nail, copulate. The little triangular (piculæ, or darts, so often spoken of, were found upon the bodies of several of them.

Silkworms are hatched.

May 26. Peale, beans, and wheat, are in flower.; as are also the wild clary, (salvia verbenaca,) officinal fumitory, (fumaria officinalis,) and yellow flag, (iris pseudacous.)

May 29. The tadpoles of the common frog have lost their giils, and get their hind legs, but stiil retain their tails.

May 31. The fern chafers, (scarabæus borticola,) appear; and the white hedge roses, on the petals of which they seem principally to feed, are in flower.

Hampshire.
Erratum in the last month's Report, p. 531, line 5 from the bottom, for plinus, read prinss.

[ocr errors]

MONTHLY AGRICULTURAL REPORT. THE great dryness and heat of the weather, during these few weeks, after the previons

cold and moist seafon, have brought forward the grain crops in a very unexpected manner, and afforded the appearance of a very promising harvest in mbst diftricts. The pea and bean crops are in fome lituations tolerably fair ; but in others, especially on the more light gravelly foils, they are frequently deficient, both in stem and pod. The potatoes are for the most part promising.

The turnip fallows have been well prepared in most places; and the extent of land fown : within these few last weeks is very considerable in all the southern parts of the kingdom, likewise in some of the more northern diftricts.

The grafs, in the bay districts, is not by any means fo full a crop as was expected, being in inany places very light, and fhrinking greatly io the making. In the fouthern counties, especially near London, much has been already carried in excellent condition; but in the inland parts of the island there is yet but little cut, the growth being so very backward.

The fruit districts preterit a very indifferent aspect this year, there being but few apples. The pears have, however, in fume places, succeeded moie favourabiy.

The prices of grain still continue pretty much the same. At the Corn Exchange, on the Jast market day, the average prices were as follow :-Wheat, 88s. 8d. per quarter; Barley, 445. 4d. ; and Oats, 31s. 8d.

In Smithfield, the prices of meat were : - Beef, from 5s. to 6s. per ftone of 31b. ; Mattou, 4s. 8d. to is. Ad ; Veal, 5s. to 6s. ; Pork, 55. 4d to 6s; and Lamb, 5s. to 6s. 4d.

In smithfield Market, llay fetches from 51. to 61. 6s. per load ; Clover, from 6l. 103. tu 71. 10s.; and Straw, from 11. 10s. to 18. 169.

ܪ

METEOROLOGICAL REPORT.
Observations on the State of the Weather, from the 24th of May, to the 24th

of June, 1809, inclusive, Four Miles N.N.W. of St. Paul's.
Barometer.

Thermometer.
Highest, 30.10. June 22 -4 Wind N. E. Highest, 790. June 20th Wind North
Lowest, 29.05. June 1. - variable Lowest, 43o. June 4th

S. W.

This variation took On the 31 ft Ult.

place between the 19 Greatest 4 tenths the mercury was at

Greatest

and 20th, on the for 29. 45, and at the Variation in of an inch

mier day, the greatest 24 hours

Ift ot'June, it had
24 hours,

height of the mercury

was 64, but on theiat. fallen to 29.05.

ter it was as high as790 The quantity of rain fallen in this neighbourhood during the months is but trifting, it will be noticed in the next report. Un several days there have been inuwers, but not heavy raios. The thermometer bas been 9 days as liigli, or bigher, than 70°; and once it has beeil 79o, as is mentioned abore ; and on the next day, viz. on the 214, it was as high as 78°. The average temperature for the whole wonth is a little more than 58°, or about 20 higher

than

159.

same hour, on the variation in

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

:

thau it was for the month of May. This is full 3° fhort of the average temperature for June 1808

The most remarkable circumftance which has occurred during this month, was the very ligh wind on the 1st inftarst; it did veft mifchief to the trees, and in many paris of the country, as well as in the neighbourhood of the metropolis, it ruined the beauritul foliage which the. firing had everywhere exhibited: we have seen in some of the midland and western countries, in consequence oi the form, a number of trees that have more the appearance of Autumn ihan of Jone.

ASTRONOMICAL ANTICIPATIONS for JULY, 1809. New moon will to on the evening of the 19th, at 18 minutes past lix; and full moon on the night of the poth, al 14 mies past ten. The planet Herschel, or Georgium Sidus, will be up in the evenings. On the night of the 1st he will let at 29 minutes paft twelve, on the night of the 11th, at 48 mmates pult eleven, on the night of the 211, at seven minutes patt eleven, and on the evening of the 31st, at 26 minutes pat ten. Till the 15th, his ap. parent isotion will be retrograde, after which he will become direct. He will be stationary in jo 3t of the bign Scorpio, at which time the itar a in the balance will be 6° 50' more ad. vanced in longitude than the planet, the diference of latitude being only about 3 minutes of a degree, the far being to the fouih. Ou the 29th, at half past seven, (morning) this planet will be in quartile aspect with the fun, i. e. one-fourth of the circumference of the beavens, apparently diftant from him. Satum will be an evening star. On the last day of the month, be will come into conjunction with the 8, a star of the fourth magnitude, in the constellation of Libra, when their diference of littitude will be 1° 31', the planet being to the south. Jupiter will be up in the mornings, and, toward the end of the month almost the whole night. If the weather be favourable, tour immersions, and one emersion of Jupiter's satellites, will be visible to Great Britain. On the morning of the 3d, at 2m. 501. before one, and oa the murning of the 2011, at 6m. 296. aiter one, the first latellite nuay be obferved to immerge to. tally (as seen from the earth) into its primary's shadow. On the same morning, with the latter immersion or the first fatellite, will take place a visible immersion of the second satellite. On the night of the 27th, at 5,701. 261 past eleven, the third satellite may be seen to enter into Jupiter's thadow, and likewise to come out of it again at 25m. 141. past two, the following morning. Jupiter will square the fun on the afternoon of the 16th, at halt past two. The planet Mars, may be seen in the evenings for two or three hours after fun-set. On the evening of the 7th, lie will come into conjunction with the potable star of the first magnitude, in the con'tellation of the Virgin, commonly known by the Virgin's Spike, at which time the star will be only 1° 19' to che south of the planet. Venus will make a splendid appearance every favourable morning, towards the north east and east. On the 11, she miles at 41 minutes past one, (ivorning) on tlie 11th, at 23 minutes past one, ou the 21st at 6 minutes past one, and on the Soth, at 10 minutes pait twelve, (night.) On the 9th, she will come into conjunction with the 1 8 of the Bull, a star of the fourth magnitude, the star being nine minutes of a degree to the north. On the same day she will be in contact with the as of the bull, another star of the fourth magnitude. Mercury, will icarcely be visible to the naked eye all this month, on account of his proximity to the sun, and great south latitude. June 24, 1809.

ASTRONOMUS.

a

Owing to an Error of the Engraver, the Representation of the Ancient Monument and Inscriptions near Aberdeen cannot be given, as was intended, in the present Vumber; it will, howeoer, be introduced with the Supplementary Number, which will be published on the 30th of July..

In regard to the periodical Complaints of our Friends, that they are not regularly served with the Supplementary Nuinber, and that their l'olumes, in consequence, are rendered incomplete, we musi refer them to their locul Booksellers, whose Du y it is to deliver the Supplement to the list Volume, with the first Nürnber of the new l'olume.

AMICUS, ai Buenos dyres, is informed that we always respect Communications from Residents, relative to the present Stute of Foreign countries, Colonies, and Setties" menis; und we shall be exceedingly obliged to him, and to all Persons similurly situated, for such Commnnicutions.

Our Readers in general are informed, that, as the Communication with the Continent is now partially opened, ufter being closed for two Years, during which Time the foreign Literary Journals have been in Arrears, our Notices and Extracts of Foreign Literature will be resumed as soon as possible.

ERRATUM.— In the Note, ut p: 556, for a correct cory of it," read" correct copy of the above speech."

« 前へ次へ »