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probably that of Bombyx tauus, but as I afterwards stated, it really belonged to the present fpecies.

The flycatchers, (musicapa grisola;) appear.

The young eels have commenced their migration from the neighbourhood of the sea, to the more diftant parts of the rivers.

May 16. The red admiral butterfly, (papilio atalanta.) appears.
May 22. I this day observed the yellow wagtail, (motacilla pava.)

Sheil snails, particularly those of the species Helix Hortenfis, or common garden (nail, copulate. The little triangular (piculæ, or darts, so often spoken of, were found upon the bodies of several of them.

Silk worms are hatched.

May 26. Peale, beans, and wheat, are in fower; as are also the wild clary, (falvia verbenaca,) officinal fumiiory, (fumaria officinalis,) and yellow flag, (iris pseudacous.)

May 29. The tadpoles of the common frog have lost iheir giils, and get their hind legs, but stiil retain their tails.

May 31. The fern chafers, (scarabaus borticola,) appear; and the white hedge roses, on the petals of which they seem principally to feed, are in flower.

Hampshire. Erratum in the last month's Report, p. 531, line 5 from the bottom, for plinus, read peinks.

MONTHLY AGRICULTURAL REPORT. THE great dryness and heat of the weather, during these few weeks, after the previons

cold and mois seafon, have brought forward the grain crops in a very unexpected manner, and afforded the appearance of a very promising harvest in mbst diftricts. The pea and bean crops are in fome lituations tolerably fair ; but in others, especially on the more light gravelly loils, they are frequently deficient, both in stem and pod. The potatoes are for the most part promising.

The turnip fallows have been well prepared in most places; and the extent of land fown within these few last weeks is very considerable in all the southern parts of the kingdom, likewise in some of the more northern districts.

The grafs, in the bay districts, is not by any means fo full a crop as was expected, being in many places very light, and fhrinking greatly in the making. In the fouthern counties, especially near London, much has been already carried in excellent condition; but in the inland parts of the island there is yet but little cut, the growth being so very backward.

The fruit districts preferit a very indifferent aspect this year, there being but few apples. The pears have, however, in some places, fucceeded moie favourabiy.

The prices of grain till continue pretty much the fame. At the Corn Exchange, on the Jast market day, the average prices were as follow :-Wheat, 88s. 8d. per quarter; Barley, 445. 4d. ; and Oats, 318. 8d.

In Smithfield, the prices of meat were :-Beef, from 55. to 6s. per stone of 31b. ; Mattou, 4s. 8d. to js. 4d ; Veal, 5s. to 6s. ; Pork, 5s. 4d to 65 ; and Lamb, 5s. to 6s. 4d.

In smithfield Market, llay fetches from 51. to 61. 6s. per load ; Clover, from 6l. 103. to 71. 10s.; and Siraw, from 11. 10s. to 11. 16s.

>

METEOROLOGICAL REPORT. (Ibservations on the State of the Weather, from the 24th of May, to the 21th

of June, 1809, inclusive, Four Miles N.N.W. of St. Paul's.
Barometer.

Thermometer,
Highest, 30, 10: June 29 -4 Wind N. E. Highest, 790. June 20th Wind North
Lowest, 29.05. June 1. - variable Lowest, 43o. June 4th - S. W.

This variation took
On the 31 ft Ult.
the mercury was at

place between the 19 Greatest 4 tenths

Greatest

and 20th, on the for 29. 45, and at the Variation in

variation in

mer day, the greatest same hour, on the 24 hours

24 hours,

heiglit of the mercury ift of June, it had

was 64, but on theiat. fallen to 29.05.

ter it was as high as790 The quantity of rain fallen in this neighbourhood during the month is but trifting, it will be noticed in the next report. Ou several days there lave been mowers, but not heavy. raios. The thermometer bas been 9 days as lugh, or bighier, than 70° ; and once it has bee 79o, as is mentioned above; and on the next day, viz. on the 214, it was as high as 78°. The average temperature for the whole wonth is a little more than 58°, or about 20 higher

than

159.

of an inch

than it was for the month of May. This is full 3° fort of the average temperature for June 1808.

The most remarkable circumstance which has occurred during this month, was the very high wind on the 1ft inftart; it did valt inifchief to the trees, and in many parts of the country, as well as in the neighbourhood of the metropolis, it ruined the beautiful foliage which the . spring had every where exhibited : we liave seen in some of the midland and western countries, in consequence of the form, a number of trees that have more the appearance of Autumn than of Jane.

ASTRONOMICAL ANTICIPATIONS for JULY, 1809. New moon will be on the evening of the 12th, at 18 minutes paft fix; and full moon on. the night of the 20th, at 14 minutes past ten. The planet Herschel, or Georgium Sidus, will be up in the evenings. On the night of the 11t he will set at 29 minutes past twelve, on the night of the 11th, at 18 minutes past eleven, on the night of the 214, at seven minutes past elever, and on the evening of the 31st, at 26 minutes pat ten. Till the 15th, his ap-. parent lotion will be retrogride, after which he will become direct. He will be stationary in jo 3t of the lign Scorpio, at which time the star æ in the balance will be 6° 50' more ada' vanced in longitude than the planet, the difference of latitude being only about 5 minutes of a degree, the star being to the fouih. On the 29th, at half past seven, (morning) this planet will be in quartile aspect with the fun, i. é. one fourth of the circumference of the heavens, apparently distant from him. Saturn will be an evening star. On the last day of the month, he will come into conjunction with the 8, a star of the fourth magnitude, in the constellation of Libra, when their difference of latitude will be 1° 31', the planet being to the south. Jupiter will be up in the mornings, and, toward the end of the month,almost the whole night. If the weather be tavourable, tour immersions, and one emersion of Jupiter's satellites, will be visible to Great Britain. On the inorning of the 3d, at 2m. 501. before one, and on the murning of the 2011, at 6m. 291. aiter one, the first latellite may be observed to immerge totally (as seen from the earth) into its primary's Thaduw. On the same morning, with the Jattér immersion of the first fatellite, will take place a visible immersion of the second satellite. On the night of the 27th, at 5,7 01. 261. palt eleven, the third satellite may be seen to enter into Jupiter's fhadow, and likewise to come out of it again at 25m. 141. palt ţivo, the following morning. Jupiter will square the fun on the afternoon of the 16th, at balt past two. The planet Mars, may be seen in the evenings for two or three hours after sun-set On the evening of the 7th, lie will come into conjunctiva with the potable star of the first magnitude, in the con'tellation of the Virgin, commonly known by the Virgin's Spike, at which time the star will be only 1° 19' to che south of the planet. Venus will make a fplendid appearance every favourable morning, towards the north east and eart. On the 11, she riles at 41 minutes past one, (worning) on the 11th, ai 23 minutes part one, ou the 21st at 6 ar.inutes past one, and on the Soth, it 10 minutes patt twelve, (might.) On the 9th, she will come into conjunction with the 1 8 of the Bull, a star of the fourih magnitude, the star being nine minties of a degree to the north. On the same day she will be in contact with the ad of the bull, another star of tiie iourth magnitude. Mercury, will icarcely be visible to the naked eye all this inonth, on account of liis proximity to the sun, and great south latitude. June 92, 1809.

ASTRONOMUS.

Owing to an Error of the Engraver, the Representation of the Ancient Monument and Inscriptions near Aberdeen cannot be given, as was intendeid, in the present Number; it will, howeoer, be introduced with the Supplementary Number, which will be published on the 30th of July.

In regard to the periodical Complaints of our Friends, that they are not regularly served wilji ihe Supplementary Nurbar, and that their l'olumes, in consequence, are rendered incomplete, we musi refer them io their locul Booksellers, whose Du y it is to deliver the Supplement to the list Volume, with the first Nmber of the new l'olume.

Amicus, ai Buenos Ayres, is informed that we always respect Communications from Residents, relative to the present State of Foreign countries, Colonies, and Settlemenis ; unit we shall be exceedingly obliged to him, and to all Persons similuriy situated, for such Commnniculions.

Our Bruders in general are informed, that, us the Communication with the Continent is now partially opened, after being closed for two years, during which Time the Foreign Literary Journals have been in Arrears, our Notices und Extracts of Foreign Literature will be resumed as soon as possible.

ERRATUM.— In the Note, ut p. 556, for 6 correct cory of it," read" correct copy, of the above speech.”

TO THE TWENTY-SEVENTH VOLUME OF THE

MONTHLY MAGAZINE.

VOL. 27. No. 187.]

JULY 30, 1809.

[PRICE 2s.

FI

HALF-YEARLY RETROSPECT OF DOMESTIC LITERATURE.
HISTORY.

have been revised, corrected, and enIRST in the class of History we larged.

place the “ Memoirs of the Reign of Another work, however, of inferior imJames 11.” by John LORD Viscount portance to none that have been already LONSDALE; in which many points are ile named, will be found in the final portion lustrated in the history of that unfortunate of the second volume of Mr. MAURICE's monarsh's reign, that were before ambi- “ Modern History of Hindostan ;" conguous; and no small share of light taining the History of India, and of the thrown on the singular history of Mon- East India Company, during the sevenmouth's Rebellion.

teenth, and part of the eighteenth, cenAnother valuable work, connected tury: It was Mr. Maurice's first in. with history more than with biography, tention to bring the modern history has been published, in the “ Memoirs of down to the close of the eighteenth cenRobert Cary, Earl of Monmouth, writ- tury; but owing to the vast mass and ten by Himself'; with E.rplanatory Anno press of matter, he found it impossible. tations. The former part of this volume The details, therefore, which mark the is, in fact, a re-publication. The latter, closing day of the Mogul dynasty, with the" Fragmenta Regalia,"contains some what remains to be recorded of British characters very spiritedly drawn. Buth transactions in India, down to year 1800, deserve a place in the library of every are to be presented to the public in a lover of English History.

few months, in the forin of an Appendir. As a production of the present day, a

The fifth book of the Modern History, History of the Rebellion of 1745, in with the second chapter of which the preLatin, may, perhaps, be thought a kind sent portion opens, relates mostly to the of literary phenomenon. Such an one, commercial settlements of different coun. however, has made its appearance, from tries in India. The third, fourth, and the elegant pen of Dr. F. D. Waitaker. fifth chapters, relate more particula:ly to " De Alotu per Britanniam Civico Annis the history and policy of the English MDCCXLV. et MDCCXLVI. Liber Unicus." Company, down to the end of the year A neat duodecimo volume, not only ele- 1757. The sixth book concludes the gant and spirited in its style, but accept- history of the Mogul Emperors, in three able for more important reasons, büth chapters, finishing with the death of to the scholar and the antiquary, Aurungzebe.

In “ The History of Don Francisco de We shali select a single specimen of Mirundu's Attempt to effect a Revolution the work, in Mr. Maurice's Reflections in South America, by Mr. Biggs, we have on the Character and Manners of the an assemblage of facts, which, though Mahrattas_(p. 333.) inoulded into a series of Letters, forms “ The Mahrattas, whether considered almost a complete Journal of the Expe- as a nation, or as individuals, constitute dition. General Miranda himself ap- a peculiar phenomenon in the history of pears to have been no great favourite huinan society. Superstitiously addicted with the author; so that for many pas. to the inild rites of the Brahmin religion; sages in the work, a little allowance must never eating of any thing that has life, probably be made. The expedition, and by their belief in the Metempsywell imagined as it might have been in chosis, restrained from killing even the the outset, was evidently ill supported; most noxious reptile that molests them; and our author's own disappointment may yet barbarously mutilating, and, in their le read in almost every page. He ap. sanguinary warfare, putting to death, pears to be an American; and his his- thousands of their fellow.creatures, and cory, which is called, in this impression, that often with aggrarated tortures; they the London Edition, is represented tỘ exhibit a contrast of character wholly uniMONTILY Mag. No, 187,

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paralleled. The, engines of torture incredible what, on good authority, I which they are said to carry with them, had long ago intimated in the Indian to force confession of concealed treasure, Antiquities, when detailing the anare of a terrible description. The iron cient sanguinary rites of Hindostan; that, chair in which, heated red hot, the of- even at this day, certain tribes of the fe fender is placed, and the envelope of the rocious race of Mahrattas, are inore than same metal, also heated red hot, to encir. suspected of secretly cherishing a numclé his head, are among a few of them. ber of human victims, the most remarkThese are particularly mentioned by the able for personal beauty that can possimissionaries, who resided in the Carnae bly be obtained, and generally in the tic at the time of their grand irruption full vigour and bloom of youth, for the there in 1740; and, in fact, for one of rites of the altar; of fattening them, like them, Pere Madeira, after having been the stall-fed oxen, for slaughter; and on first severely flogged, and exposed seve- grand solemnities of festivity, or grief, of sal days naked to a vertical sun, to make actually offering up those unhappy vichim discover hidden treasure, the chair tims to their gloomy goddess Cali, in all and that envelope were heated red hot; the pomp of that tremendous sacrifice. but by the interposition of one of the “ Making war their sole profession, generals he was respited. Their more and letting themselves out to the best lenient punishments are slitting the nose, bidder, they are to be found in all quarand cutting off the ears; but Bernier, ters, and are alternately engaged by all who was an eye-witness of their cruelties, parties. It is dangerous, however, to during the plunder of Surat, in 1664, employ -them; for the offer of better savs, that, to make the rich inhabitants terins generally induces them to change discover their wealth, they were guilty sides; and plunder being their grand obof more horrid cruelties, cutting off the ject, they often devastate the very counlegs and arms of those who were suspected try which they were hired to defend. of secreting it.

Their principal strength lies in their nu“If it were only against the Moors, merous cavalry, which they cherish with the ferocious invaders of their country, the greatest care; and their horses, like the despoilers of the Hindoo temples, and themselves, being inured to privations, the remorseless murderers of the priests and perpetually in exercise, are of a of Brahma, that these cruelties were di- bardier nature, and more capable of rected, it would be less a subject of bearing fatigue, than any brought into wonder, since Sevajee publicly announced the field by the princes of India. Rapid himself the avenger of the gods of Hindos- in their movements, and unincumbered tan, against the sanguinary violators of with baggage, they render themselves fortheir shrines, meaniny Aurungzebe, and midable to the Mogul armies, by harassthe Moguls; but their rage is indiscrimi- ing their rear, by ravaging the country, nating; and Hindoos and Mabommedans and by cutting off their supplies. They are alike the victims of their unrelenting avoid, as much as possible, a general enbarbarities. How astonishing inust this gagement, but when it takes place they conduct appear to every reflecting mind! combat with resolution; and in the use Scrupulous ininutely to observe all the of the sabre are dreadfully dexterous. prescribed duties of their cast, with re- If, however, their arms are crowned spect to diet and abiutions, even amidst with victory, their principal attention is the tumult of war, and often to the ob- instantly directed to plundering the camp struction of the business of a campaign, of the vanquished, instead of pursuing yet practising every species of brutal in them to extermination.

Were they
humanity: how strange the transition firmly united under one able command-
from the meekness of prayer to the rage ing chief, as under Sevajee, they would
of plunder; from ablution in the purify- be formidable indeed, and must soon be
ing wave, that washes away sin, to bathe the sovereigns of Hindostan; but their
in torrents of human blood. From all government being feudal, divided amoirs
this pollution, however, the Brahmins, many chiefs, mostly at variance with each
who share in the plunder, have the ef- other, their power is weakened in pro-
Frontery to tell them, they are purified portion, and it is only from their devasta-
the sacrifice of a buffalo, accom- tions that Hindostan has to fear."
with many mysterious ceremo-

ARCHEOLOGY.
with this wretched salvo their In this department, rather than among
Fire appeased.

the fine arts, we place the “ Costume of
count will render less the Ancients," by Mr. Thomas Hope, a

work

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work of singular curiosity, and almost publication, required its restricted deunrivalled elegance.

signs to be accompanied by still more "I have often wished,” says Mr. Hope, concise elucidations, a succinct account " that some person who had made anti- of the varieties of costume, most interquarian investigation his hobby; who had esting to the artist, offered in the shape visited the chief countries in which are of a general introduction to these designs, found collections of antiquities, in sculp- has been preferred to a detailed illus. ture, painting, fictile vases, coins, and tration of each of the plates in partigems; who had compared the original cular; which must have occasioned inany inonuments of different Musea, with each repetitions, and have swelled the volume other, and with the representations ex- beyond a portable size. Where this isting of thein in print; and finally, who method might have left indeterminate, or had preserved memoranda and drawings, doubtful, the application of these general of whatever interesting remains, in dit- data to the different individual plates, ferent places, had never yet been pub- the uncertainty has been, as far as poslished; might be tempted tü produce sible, removed, or the deficiency sup. some compendium which, weeded, on the plied, by the short explanations introone hand of the representations of all duced at the bottoin of the plates theinsuch monuments as are either con- selves. All account of the authorities, fessedly spurious, or doubtful, or insig. on which each of the designs individually nificant; and enriched, on the other, rests, has been studiously omitted; where, with transcripts of all such specimens, from a great diversity of nodels having as, though genuine and interesting, have supplied each in a very small proportion not yet found their way into other de- the different component parts of a single scriptions; should offer, as it were, the representation, this account must have purest spirit of many different larger become a long and circumstantial tréa. works, condensed in one single restricted tise; and some indication of the sources, volume; nay, often the most interesting from which the delineations are bordetails of many different antique originals rowed, has only been admitted; where, concentrated in one single small figure, from a single original having furnished in in such a way, as to become capable of the lump almost the whole of the design being ayain most easily and readily trans. offered, this account might be

comprefused in, and applied to the most ex- hended in a single line.' tended and diversified modern compo- Having described Mr. Hope's work sitions; and by so doing, should form, to so amply from his own preface, it may be the large and expensive works above de- necessary, perhaps, to add little more, - scribed, not only an useful substitute than that the general preliminary remarks with those individuals who cannot com- are divided under three heads: “ The mand thein, but even an interesting sup. Costume of the Asiatics; Grecian Cos. plement witia those who can, and do tume; 'and the Costume of the Romans,"

The engravings, in outline, two hun. " This task never having been under- dred in nunber, have been principally taken by those more able to accomplish executed by Mr. Moses, from drawings it, I have at last, inadequate as were my by Mr. Hope himself. Among the most abilities, attempted, in some measure, to exquisite in point of style, we notice: perform myself.

1, Phrygian Lady. 28, Grecian Ladies " As I conceived the object of an in dresses of the old style. 32, Grecian epitome, like the one I intended, was not Female, from a statue in Mr. Hope's posto present the whole mass of information session. 35, Grecian Lady. 37, 38, 40, which the savant might possess on an. 74, 76, Greek Warriors, from fictile cient costume, but only such details as

54, Greek Warrior, from a the painter might oftenest want to in. bronze in the Florentine Gallery, 58, troduce; not to afford topics for discus. Female Flute-player. 62, 65, Bacsion to the antiquarian, but only models" chantes. 88, 89, 91, 104, 122, 144, fos imitation to the artist; not to advance Grecian Females. 135, Tripod, Can: ciudition, but only to promote taste; the delabrum, Chair, &c. 136, 151, Vases, representation of many remains more Pateras, Lamp, &c. 157, Greek Vases. cyrious than picturesque, more rare, even 174, Roman Study. 177, Victorious in ancient composition theinselves, than Auriga, or Driver in the Ganies of the applicable to modern works of art, has Circus, from a statue in the Vatican. been entirely omitted: and as I more. 184, Roman General. 189, 190, 191, over apprehended the limits of such a Roman Soldiers. 198, 199, Roman Co.

lumbaria,

possess them.

vases.

A

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