appropriate references, and an anatomical owa adoption, we pretend not to de description, by Mr. Laurence. This work, terinine; por whether that child has which when coloured, is offered at the proved as disobedient, mischievous, and price of 21. 12. 6d. does honour to the perverse, as some pretend. The opinion artist and anatomist. It compreliends bas, however, become pretty general, that alipost the whole of the surface covered the caustic has been resorted to inore by the sneiderian inembrane, and is in frequently than was necessary. Mr. W. all respects finished in such a style, that Wado bas produced a performance equalwe are not afraid to recommend it to our ly candid and respectable on this conreaders.

troversy. Mr. WISHART, has given us an “Eng- Dr. PARR, of Exeter, has edited a lish Translation of Professor Scarpi's complete (if any thing of the kind can be Treatise on the Anatomy, Pathology, and complete) Medical Dictionary, which Surgical Treatment of Aneurisans." It is be has called “ The London Medical Dic. not a little remarkable, that this im- tionury.When we consider the immense portant subject has nerer before been labour of such an undertaking, we can thought worthy of occapying the labour only express our surprise, that a man so of a separate treatise. It is hardly ne- competent to the task could be found, who cessary to remark, how competent both could have patience to execute it so well, the writer and translator are to the task Dr. Hooper's “ Physician's Vade Methey have undertaken. But happily the eum," is another attempt at simplifying improvements in operative surgery do an art which must always be complex. pot rest, and in none have holder under. However, a manual of this kind may be takings appeared than in the cure of useful in teaching the young practitioner

What Mr. Abernethey at- what symptoms he is to look for, and in tempted in the lower extremities, and reminding him of the appropriate remewhat Mr. Cowper has accomplished in dies for each. the carotid artery, would have been We have perused with no small satisfacdeemed incredible by ury very remote tion, “Mr. WATT's Treatise on Diabetes." antiquity.

The boldness and novelty of the practice The number of Diseases of the Heart, bere recommended, and countenanced which have been related in the various by able and experienced practitioners, journals, made us examine with some may give us courage in the use of evacueagerness, Mr. Burn's Observations on ations under all stages of disease, and soine of the most important diseases of withoot doubt, they will prove successful that organ. It is indeed difficult to say, in many, in which at present they are what diseases of the heart are not most rarely thought of. importunt. The work appears to us by Dr. LAMB has produced a work, in far too systematic; at least we are ready some measure explanatory of his last, in to confess, that we have not been able to which he advised the constant use of make distinctions during life wbich have pure or distilled water. In the present, {urned to much account. We trust, how he saves the rich the trouble of distilling, ever, the examination of this part of the and the poor the mortification of drinks buman frame, will never be omitted in ing, water dangerously impregnated. In any future dissections.

short, he assures us, that man has no busia Strictures being among the calamities ness to drink at all; and as to eating, that of declining life, and by no means un- he should confine himself to vegetables; common in the early period, have al- that his canine teeth are of no more use ways been a prolific source of emolument to him than to the ape, wliose confora to practitioners of all descriptions. So mation in this, and in most other re. much has at different times been pro- spects, are more exactly similar than in mised by empirics, and so carefully did most other animals. Yet the



grasome of the French surgeons conceal minivorous. It is indeed admitted, that their practice, that that there was some to man animal food is often, not only the danger, lest this irksome complaint should most grateful, but even the only digestibe altogether consigned to irrregulars. ble, food. But such is the force of habit, Mr. túlter first gave us rational notions it seeins to destroy all our natural proon this subject, winch bave been greatly pensities. One should think that the same. improved hy his successor, Mr. Hume, habit might also alter the functions, so as Whether hat gentleman has l'eally shown to accominodate them to these new ha. tou great a partiality to the child of bis bits. And so it sceins admitted it does ;


for by degrees animal food becomes more using distilled water, the power of die digestible than vegetable. But still the genring vegetable matter will be restored “ poison is thrilling through the veins." and improved; that the stomach will gra

" A second cause, (says Dr. Lainb) dually be enabled to digest it, even raw, which is common to all climates, and and without any condiment, or other prewhich will be found to be still more paration; that with the power of diges. powerful, is the use of watery liquids, as tion, the inclination to vegetable food will a substitute for the fruits and vegetable be renewed; that it will be easy, under juices, with which man would, I believe, such a system, entirely to subdue the de in a state of primæval simplicity, at once sire and craving for animal food; that, satisfy the appetile of hunger, and pre. finally, what was at tirst looked upon vent thirst. The poison thus introduced with antipathy and disgust, will, by hainto his body, directly deranges the sen- bit, be rendered most easy and most desorium, alters his feelings, and gives a lightful.". view and unnatural direction to all his Happily then there is a means of resto. propensities. It produces a great change ration. We would not be thouglat, in on the powers of digestion; and with this, these remarks, to treat our author with

uf it effects a corresponding change in the disrespect, on the contrary we feel the desires and aversions. Vegetable matter, highest sentiments of respect for him. which, to the stomach of a healthy child, Nor is there any thing absolutely repugis the most delightful, the most nutritive nant to experience, in supposing, that and strengthening aliment, gradually men are pursuing a plan, which, thougta seems to lose its power; it ceases to im- apparently agreeable to themselves, is part either strength or pleasure. In a leading them to certain destruction. But State of manhood, to many it is an object it is impossible not to be struck with the of disgust, to aliwost all, of indifference. Dovelty of the docuine; nor can we fail It excites flatulence, and often gives pain to remark how very few inen are aftlicted and uneasiness; and the power of digest, with cancer, considering how many are ing it becomes more and inore destroyed. swallowing this babitual poison; or ibat, To render it tolerable, it inust be heated in countries where animal food is rarely and macerated: by these means it is tasted, and in communities who never made more soluble, and digestible with

use it, life neither appears greatly progreater speed.' But by these same longed, or peculiarly exeupted from dismeans its sweet and nutritious juices ease. are either decomposed or extracied; and The subject of Contagion is, perhaps, weighty reasons may, I think, be given, the most important of all others in medito shew that, in this condition, it neither cine; it assails us every where, and for the jinparts the strength nor the nourishment most part without assuming a tangible that it would do, when used, as it is by shape. In raiu do we promise ourselves the animals, without any preparation. security, hy eren inonastic seclusion, How astonishing is this revolution! How when disease may be conveyed by whatinconceivable, that the only species of ever forms our dress, our domestic furnitood, which, previous to the invention ture, if not our diet, at least the effluvia of arts, it was in the power of a human from those by whom it is conveyed lo us. being to obtain;--that the only species Nor are we certain that the mischief will of food, on which the primæval race sub- be confined to ourselves; not only the sisted, during the silent lapse of ages;--- same means may affect all round us, but that the species of food, which we know we ourselves may become sources of conaffords a healthy murishment at this pre- tagion to others. As there is no fixing sent day to inany races of men,-how any bounds to contagions, so there is no inconceivable is it, that in all civilized mcans of ascertaining the degree of inor. and crowded cominunities it is not mere- tality which inay attend them. Under ly disregarded, but seems to become some constitutions of the air with which truly indigestible, and on many to assume we are totally unacquainted, a contagion the force and activity of a true poison ! shall be almost universal, yet few may be

Now, that this is truly he effect and destroyed hy it; at other times, we scarceconsequence of using water in its ordic ly hear of the disease but by the deathis nary condition, is not an imaginary hypo- it occasions. thesis, but a serious truth, the result of In the midst of all this, we remain in careful and repeated experience. It will the inost protiund ignorance, not only be found experimentally true, that by concerning the degree ut contagion in some well known diseases, but actually of the town; that he fell ill of the fever whether they are contagious at all. Dr. after his arrival, and that in that part CHISHOLM, who has always maintained of the town the malady first appeared. the contagious property of yellow fever, All this is highly probable. Whether has published a letter to Dr. Haygath, the disease appeared first on Sancho, or of Bath, “ exhibiting further evidence some of his neighbours, it is not easy to of the infectious nature of the pestilential determine; but the heart of a popu(usually termed the yellow) fever in Gra- lous town is the usual seat of the compada, during the years 1794-5, and 6, and mencement of every epidemic. Those in the United States of America, from who secluded themselves, of course ab1798 to 1805; in order to correct the sented themselves from every crowded pernicious doctrine promulgated by Dr. part. But in all these cases, as we shall Edward Miller, and other American phy- presently see, it is not enough to ascersicians, relative to this pestilence.” It is tain the probability of contagion; we not a little reinarkable, that whilst the must mark mrefully the period at which Americans are becoming inore and more the diseased state of the town commences convinced, that the yellow fever is indi. and declines. If the commencement genous among theinselves at certain sea. is during that temperature which is found sons of the year, the learned author necessary for the existence, if not for should so pertinaciously accuse them of the production, of such fevers, and if the ignorance. It is true Dr. Chisholm has cessation has occurred as soon as that resided for many years in the West In- temperature ceases, we shall then at least dies, and has also visited America. This admit, that such fevers are only contamay therefore entitle him to form his own gious under certain seasons and tempeopinion ; but we cannot help thinking ratures, which will be one point gained that it would better become him to pay in distinguishing them from the more some deference to the observations of common contagions, to which we are acothers, who are so much interested in customed in England. the question, who once were of the same We have been led to these last reflecopinion with himself, but whose judg. tions by the perasal of Dr. Adams's ment may be matured by the perpetual Enquiry into the Laws of Epidemics," occurrence of facts, and corrected by mu- a work of much greater importance to tual opposition. To us in England, the the English reader. In this we have a question is less important, in as much as comprehensive view of those diseases no oné pretends to assert, that the dis- which, from their universality, are ease has ever been climatized among us. pretty generally deemed contagious. We must therefore leave the question to Our author distinguishes these into such those who have the largest opportunities, as are only produced by some changes and who from necessity must improve in the atmosphere, as the influenza; such them. But though the variable climate of as arise from a peculiarity of soil, which England may protect us from this epide. is only injurious at certain seasons, as inic, yet such is not the lot of the south. the agne; such as may be excited by ern parts of Europe, the summer heat the accumulation of the sick, or the want in which is sometimes permanent above of ventilation in close chambers, as the 800 Gibraltar and Cadiz have experi. jail, or hospital fever; and such as can enced all the horrors of this dreadful cala- only be excited (as far as the evidence of mity; and the question is still at issue, whe- our senses informs us) by their own spether the disease was imported or in- cific matter, or effluvia from it: of these digenous. It has been discovered, as small-pox, measles, and scarlet fever, are appears by a letter from Dr. Ro- the most remarkable. These last, be binson, of Bristol, that the general considers only as contagious. This disopinion at Gibraltar was in favour of the tinction he urges is of the greatest iinportcontagious property of this fever, in op- ance, because the means by which we position to Dr. Nooth, the principal army may extinguish the infections, that is physician of that place. Some families, hospital, and some other fevers, will be we are told, who secluded themselves, found insufficient to protect us from the escaped the danger to which those who contagions. This rule he extends to all exposed themselves fell a sacrifice. In the other epidemics. The plague, it is Dr. Haygarth's letter too, appears by the well known, has never raged in Lonaccount of Dr. Fellowes, that one San- don during the winter season. The cho arrived from Cadiz at Gibraltar, ague is only known in marshes, durwhere he kept a grocer's shop in the licarting spring and autumn. Yellow fever has

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its necessary temperature, and hospital that no such change arrests the ravages fever, he shows us, can only spread in sin of small-pox, which only cease when tuations siinilar to those which gave it none remain, who have not passed birth. But the true contagions may be through it; and which, in the succeeding communicated at all seasons, in all cli- generation, may be revived by furniture, mates, in all situations. It is even as- cloaths, and even burying-grounds : that serted, that the very purity of the air therefore, though those who are satisfied which protects us from the other epide of the security of vaccination, do right to mics, will serve to render the effects of recommend it to others by their example, contagions more çertain; that is, that which will be more powerful than any small-pox, measles, and scarlet fever, will advice; yet that we are not to expect spread with more certainty, in propor- the extermination of small-pox, by protion as the inhabitants of the place are hibiting inoculation : that the public accustomed to breathe a purer air. It mind has, for the most part, judged promust be admitted, that, though London perly enough on these subjects; inuis never free from these diseases, yet that culation having been almost universally they do not constantly spread with that practised in large towns; but in villages, rapidity, which is generally remarked not without some popular or implied rewhen they are introduced into villages. straint, excepting when the disease has

On these accounts, Dr. Adams takes been accidentally introduced, and spread much pains to call the attention of the beyond human controul, before

any public and individual families,

the con- means have been used to prevent it. sideration of those means, by which they On the means of avoiding what has of are to protect the community, themselves, late been popularly called Typhous fever, and families, from the different epide- Dr. Adams is particularly füll, and also mics. A chapter is devoted to each dis- on the extermination of the disease altoease; in which, after ascertaining the gether. This leads him into some very manner in which it is conveyed, the interesting enquiries, concerning the means of prevention are readily deduced. habits of the poor, the melioration of

Such a work was much wanted, not whose condition, he shows, has contria only to teach matrons to conduct their in- buted greatly to lessen that disease, tercourse with others, so as to protect which may therefore be gradually extheir offspring, but to facilitate qur con- terininated, in proportion as society is . nections with each other, by distinguish. progressively improved. ing between false alarms and real dan- The subject of contagion leads us to gers. We are therefore pleased to find a controversy, of which we never think the whole written in that popular style, without pain. Our readers must have which must not only be intelligible to, been disgusted, as well as ourselves, with but interest, every reader,

the various brochures which hare issued One object of the author, seems to from the press, on a discovery which rebe to set the public to rights, on the quired the most impartial, and patient popular subject of exterininating the investigation; but which has at last desmall-pox. If the premises we have generated into personality, and almost already offered, are correct, it will follow scurrility. It is with some satisfaction, that those writers, who assume the pos- however, that we announce a perfora sibility of exterminating small-pox, be- mance on vaccination, of a different decause the leprosy is now but little known scription. Mr. Peart's “ Account of among us, and because the plague has not an Eruptive · Disease," is written with visited us for nearly a century and a much candour, though it contains little half, have fallen into an error from not inforination. distinguishing the different manner in In an art so inportant to the comfort which such diseases are spread. Withe and preservation of the human race, we out expressing any dubts concerning are glad to see an increase of those misthe security derived from cow-pox, or cellaneous productions, which contribute rather without entering into the question, so inuch to furnish the practitioner with the author urges, that ihe only security to useful bints for conducting and improbe depended upon from small-pox, is to ving his own practice. Since onr last destroy in the rising generation the sus- has appeared, The Annual Medical ceptibility to the disease: that the Register," by a SOCIETY OF PHYSICIANS. plague ceases by a change of temperature, from the title we formed great expecafter which, neither the sick, nor their tations. The medical occurrences of a cloaths, nor furniture, are contagious; but wbole year, digested and regularly coinMONTHLY Mac. No. 187,



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piled in a volume, seemed to promise a discovered in the writings of the accurate most desirable source of reference to Sydenham, in any respect, comparable futurity, if not to the present genera- to what we have witnessed in our own tion. But such a source should be as days. When these gentlemen have more free as possible from all impurities. We leisure, we wish them to compare Sywish we could say so much of the pre- DENHAM'S “Histories of Epidemics,” with sent. We shall only transcribe a single Dr. Willan's “ Account of the Diseases paragraph, because it is the most inti- of London." mately connected with the professed ob- If these gentlemen had been so early ject of the book, and yet, perhaps, the in their publication, as not to have had most faulty.

access to the annual bills of mortality, “ On the whole, then, the causes of the we could bardly have excused their not happy decrease of some of the most fatal taking the trouble to cast up the weekly and epidemic diseases, and the dimi- bills; even if the urgency of the public, nution of the fatality of others, as well or their publisher, had not allowed time as the increase of a few disorders, most for that dull species of labour, we cannot of them of infinitely less importance to well con

onceive, how a Society of Phye the community, may be in a great mea- sicians,” in any part of Great Britain, or sure ascribed to the evident changes in its dependencies, could be ignorant of the physical, and moral condition of the the ravages of the measles, during the metropolis, during the last two centuries; past year. By the annual bills, it is more particularly to the changes which ascertained that, in London, the deaths it has undergone, from a state of per- by measles for the last year were equal, petual filth, and nastiness, to the open, if they did not exceed, any three succesairy, well-paved, and comparatively sive years, during the period when Loncleanly condition, in which it now is; and don was annually visited with those to the alterations in our domestic eco- epidemics, from which she is relieved by nomy, in regard to situation, ventilation, the improved manner of life of the inand cleanliness. The first of these habitants. changes has contributed to free us from the endemic and epidemic diseases of In illustration of Classical Literature camps, &c. intermiitent and remittent little has been lately published of essenfevers, dysentery, and the plague; and tial interest. the latter have concurred to banish the The passages selected in Mr. Pitman's contagious diseases of hospitals, jails, and Excepta ex variis Romanis Poetis," have other crowded and close situations, viz. been chosen, both with taste and judgmalignant typhous ferers; as well as to ment; and the work may be fairly relessen the ravages of other contagious commended as likely to be of use in diseases, which were formerly most de- schools. structively epidemic and fatal, such as THEOLOGY, MORAL, AND ECCLESIASTICAL the scarlet-fever, mcasles, &c."

This society of physicians must have In our last Retrospect, we noticed the read Dr. WillAN very superficially, if first part of Mr. W ESTON'S “ Sunday they conceive he confines "the fatal ra- Lessons for Morning and Evening Sere vages of Scarlatina,” to “those successive vice:" the concluding portion, contain, ages,” which his“ discriminating eye has ing the Second Lessons, has since aptraced." Those who rend with only peared, illustrated, like the former, with a common attention, the work referred to perpetual commentary, notes, and index. by these gentlemen, will perceive that, The nature of the work has been already with Dr. WILLAN, Scarlatina is con

touched on.

The notes are very short sidered as not less general in these days, and coinpact; and the index is of such than formerly. If, like other diseases, passages only as have been explained, or it has appeared formidable, at particular are newly translated. seasons, it is certain that nothing is to be Another work of pious intention will

be found in Mr. Hawkins's Commen. * The fatal ravages which the scarlet. tary on the first, second, and third Episfever occasioned throughout Europe, for tles of St. John;" in which the author, several successive ages, under a variety of

“ without calling any man on earth masappellations, have been traced with an acute ter, expresses his leading principles in and discriminating eye, by Dr. Wallan. reference to theological sentiments, as See his Treatise on “ Cutaneous Diseases," imbibed from the unadulterated Word of Part III. p. 289-334.



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