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send a return the moment I can collect the This indication of his intention was imme. reports. I have the honour to be, &c. diately succeeded by the rapid and determined
PAGIT, Lieut.-Gen. attack which he made upon your division To Lieut. Gen. Sir 7. Moore, K.B. which occupied the right of your position.
I have forwarded the prisoners to Baniza. The events which occurred during that period On the other side of the river the enemy of the action you are fully acquainted with. formed again, and at this instant three guns The first effort of the enemy was met by the of Capt. Donovan's troop arrived, which did Commander of the forces, and by yourself, at considerable execution.
the head of the 42d regiment, and the brigade On the 24th of January, the Honourable under Major-General Lord William Bentinck. Captain. Hope arrived in Downing-street of obstinate contest.
The village on your right became an object with a dispatch from Lieutenant General
I lament to say, that soon after the severe Sir David Baird to Lord Viscount Castle. wound whicli deprived the army of your serreagh, one of his Majesty's Principal Se vices, Lieut.-General Sir John Moore, who cretaries of State, of which the following had just directed the most able disposition, is a copy
fell by a cannon-shot. The troops, though His Majesty's Ship Ville de Paris, at Sea, not unacquainted with the irreparable loss they January 18, 1809.
had sustained, were not dismayed; but by the M LOR9-By the much lamented death most determined bravery not only repelled of Lieutenant General Sir John Moore, who every attempt of the enemy to gain ground, fell in action with the enemy on the 16th in- but actually forced him to retire, although stant, it has become my duty to acquaint your he had brought up fresh troops in support of Lordship, that the French army attacked the those originally engaged. Rritish troops in the position they occupied, in The enemy, finding himself foiled in every front of Corunna, at about two o'clock in the attempt to force the right of the position, enafternoon of that day.
deavoured by numbers to turn it. A judicious A severe wound, which compelled me to and well-timed movement, which was made by quit the field a short time previous to the fall Major General Paget, with the reserve, which of Sir John Moore, obliges me to refer your corps had moved out of its cantonments to supLordship for the particulars of the action, port the right of the army, by a vigorous at. which was long and obstinately contested, to tack, defeated this intention. The Major. the inclosed report of Lieutenant General Hope General, having pushed forward the 95th (ri. who succeeded to the Command of the army, fe corps) and 1st battalion 52d regiment, drove and to whose ability and exertions in direction the enemy before him, and in his rapid and judiof the ardent zeal and unconquerable valour of cious advance, threatened the left of the enehis Majesty's troops, is to be attributed, under my's position. This circumstance, with the Providence, the success of the day, which ter. position of lieutenant-General Fraser's divi. minated in the complete and entire repulse sion, (calculated to give still further security and defeat of the enemy at every point of at- to the right of the line) induced the enemy to tack.
relax his efforts in that quarter. The Hon. Captain Gordon, my aid-de camp, They were, however, more forcibly diwill have the honour of delivering this dis. rected towards the centre, where they were patch, and will be able to give your Lordship again successfully resisted by the brigade unany further information which may be re- der Major-general Manningham, forming the quired.
left of your division, and a part of that under I have the honour to be, &c. Major-general Leith, forming the right of
D. BAJRD, Lieut. Gen. the division under my orders. Upon the left,
His Majesty's sbip Audacicus, off Corunna, attack upon our picquets, which, however,
in general maintained their ground. Finding, In compliance with the desire contained in however, his efforts unavailing on the right your communication of yesterday, I avail my
and centre, he seemed deterniined to render self of the first moment I have been able to
the attack upon the left more serious, and command, to detail to you the occurrences of had succeeded in obtaining possession of the the action which took place in front of Corun village through which the great road to Mana on the 16th instant.
drid passes, and which was situated in front It will be in your recollection, that about of that part of the line. From this post, one in the afternoon of that day the enemy, however, he was soon expelled, with considewho had in the morning received reinforce- rable loss, by a gallant attack of some comments, and who had placed some guns in front panies of the second battalion of the 14th of the right and left of the line, was observed regiment, under Lieutenant-colonel Nicholls; to be moving troops towards his left tank, and before five in the evening, we had not only forming various columns of attack at that ex. successfully repelled every attack made upon lremity of the strong and commanding position the position, but had gained ground in ale which on the morning of the 15th he had ta line than at the commencement of the action,
most all points, and occupied a more forward ken in our immediate front.
whilst the enemy confined his operations to barkation of Major-General Hill's brigade was a cannonade, and the fire of his light troops, commenced and completed by three in the with a view to draw off his other corps. At afternoon; Major-General Beresford, with six the firing entirely ceased. The different the zeal and ability which is so well known brigades were re-assembled on the ground to yourself and the whole army, having fully they occupied in the morning, and the picquets explained, to the satisfaction of the Spanish and advanced posts resumed their original Governor, the nature of our movement, and stations
Jiaving made every previous arrangement, Notwithstanding the decided and marked withdrew his corps from the land front of the superiority which at this moment the gallan- town soon after dark, and was, with all the try of the troups had given them over an wounded that had not been previously moved, chemy, who, from their numbers and the com- embarked before one this morning. manding advantages of bis position, no doubt Circumstances forbid us to indulge the expected an easy victory, I did not, on re. hope, that the victory with which it has viewing all circumstances, conceive that I pleased Providence to crown the efforts of the should be warranted in departing from what army, can be attended with any very brilliaut I knew was the fixed and previous decermi consequences to Great Britain. It is clouded nation of the late commander of the forces to by the loss of one of her best soldiers. It has withdraw the army on the evening of the been atchieved at the termination of a long 16th, for the purpose of embarkation, the and harrassing service. The superior numprevious arrangements for which had eady bers, and advantageous position of the enemy, been made by his order, and were in fact far not less than the actual situation of this ar. advanced at the commencement of the action, my, did not admit of any advantage being The troops quitted their position about ten reaped from success. It must be, however, at night, with a degree of order that did to you, to the army, and to our country, the them credit. The whole of the artillery that sweetest reflection, that the lustre of the semained unembarked, having been with- British arms has been maintained, amidst drawn, the troops followed in the order pre- many disadvantageous circumstances. The seribed, and marched to their respective points army which had entered Spain, amidst the of embårkation in the town and neighbourhood fairest prospects, had no sooner completed its of Corunna. The picquets remained at their junction, than, owing to the multiplied disposts until five on the morning of the 17th, asters that dispersed the native armies around when they were also withdrawn with similar us, it was left to its own resources. The adOrders, and without the enemy having disco- vance of the British troops from the Duero, Vere the movement.
afforded the best hope that the south of Spain By the unremitted exertion of Captains the might be relieved, but this generous effort to Hon. H. Curzon, Gosselin, Boys, Rainier, save the unfortunate people, also afforded the Serret, Hawkins, Digby, Carden, and Mac- enemy the opportunity of directing every kenzie, of the Royal Navy, who, in pursuance effort of his numerous troops, and concentraof the orders of Rear Admiral de Courcy, ting all his principal resources, for the dewere entrusted with the service of embarking struction of the only regular force in the the army; and in consequence of the arrange- north of Spain. ments made by Commissioner Bowen, Cap- You are well aware with what diligence this tains Bowen and Shepherd, and the other system has been pursued. Agents for Transports, the whole of the army
These circumstances produced the necessity was embarked, with an expedition which has of rapid and harassing marches, which had di. seldom been equalled. With the exception minished the numbers, exhausted the strength, of the brigades under Major General Hill and and impaired the equipment of the army. Note Beresford, which were destined to remain on withstanding all these disadvantages, and those shore, until the movements of the enemy more immediately attached to a defensive poshould become manifest, the whole was afloat sition, which the imperious necessity of cover. before day-light.
ing the harbour of Corunna for a time had renThe Brigade of Major-General Beresford, dered indispensable to assume, the native and wliich was alternately to form our rear guard, undaunted valour of British troops was never eccupied the land front of the town ot Com more conspicuous, and must have exceeded funna ; that under Major-General Mill was what even your own experience of that invalu. stationed in reserve on the promontory in rear able quality, so inherent in them, may have of the town.
taught you to expect. When every one that The enemy pushed his light troops towards had an opportunity seemed to vie in improving the town soon after eight o'clock in the it, it is difficult for me, in making this report, morning of the 17thi, and shortly after oc- to select particular instances for your approba. cupied the heights of St. Lucia, which com. tion. The corps chiefly engaged were the brimani the harbour. But notwithstanding this gades under Major Generals Lord William Bencircumstance, and the manifold defects of the linck, and Manningham and Leith; and the place; there being no apprehension that the brigade of guards under Major General tear-guard could be forced, and the disposition Warde. of the Spaniards appearing to be good, the em. To these officers, and the troops under their immediate orders, the greatest praise is due. that you will speedily be restored to the sera, Major. General Hill and Colonel Catlin Crane vice of your country, and to lament the unford, with their brigades on the left of the po- fortunate circumstance that removed you from sition, ably supported their advanced posts. your station in the field, and threw the moThe brunt of the action fell upon the 4th, 42d, mentary command into far less able hands. I 50tli, and 81st regiments, with parts of the have the honour to he, &c. brigade of guards, and the 26th regiment.
John HOPE, Lieut.-Gen. From Lieut. Colonel Murray, Quarter Master To Lieutenant-General Sir Dard Baird, c. General, and the officers of th General Staff, I received the most marked assistance.. I had the lion. Michael De Courcy, Rear-Ad
The following copy of a letter from reason to regret, that the illness of Brigadier miral of the White, to the Hon. William General Clinton, Adjutant General, deprived me of his aid. I was indebted to Brigadier Geo Wellesley Pole, dated on board his Manerat Slade during the action, for a zealous of- jesty's ship the Tondant, at Corunna, fer of his personal services, although the ea. the 17th and 18th instant, was received valry were embarked.
at the Adiniralty.office, Jan. 24, 1809. The greater part of the feet having gone lo
January 17, 1809. sea yesterday evening, the whole being under SIR ---Having it in design to detach the weigh, and the corps in the embarkation neces- Cossack to England as soon as her boats shall sarily much mixed on board, it is impossible at cease to be essential to the embarkation of present to lay before you a return of our casu- troops, I seize a moment to acquaint you, for alties. I hope the loss in numbers is not so the information of the Lords Commissioners considerable as might have been expected. If of the Admiralty, that the ships of war, as I was obliged to form an estimate I should say, per margin*, and transports, under the orders that I believe it did not exceed in killed and of Rear Admiral Sir Samuel Hood and Comwounded from seven to eight hundred; that of missioner Bowen, arrived at this anchorage the enemy must remain unknown, but many from Vigo on the 14th and 15th inst. The circumstances induce me to rate it at nearly Alfred and Hindostan, with some transporcs, double the above number. We have some pri- were left at Vigo to receive a brigade of three soners, but I have not been able to obtain an thousand five hundred men, that had taken account of the number; it is not, however, that route under the Generals Alten and cunsiderable. Several Officers of rank have Crawford. fallen or been wounded, anong whom I am In the vicinity of Corunna the enemy have only at present enabled to state the names of pressed upon the British in great force. The Lieutenant-Colonel Napier, 92d regiment, embarkation of the sick, the cavalry, and Majors Napier and Stanhope, 50th regiment, the stores went on. The night of the 16th killed; Lieutenant-Colonel Winch, 4th regi. was appointed for the general erubarkation of ment, Lieutenant-Colonel Maxwell, 26th re- the infantry; and, mean time, the enemy giment, Lieutenant-Colonel Fane, 59th regi. prepared for attack. At three P.M an action ment, Lieutenant-Colonel Griffith, Guards, commenced; the enemy, which had been, Majors Miller and Williams, 81st regiment, posted on a lotty hill, endeavouring to force wounded.
the British on another hill of inferior height, To you, who are well acquainted with the and nearer the town. excellent qualities of Lieutenant-General Sir The enemy were driven back with great John Moore, I need not expatiate on the loss slaughter; but very sorry am I to add, that the army and his country have sustained by the British though triumphant, have suffered his death. His fall has deprived me of a valu. severe losses. I am unable to communicate able friend, to whom long experience of his further particulars, than that Sir. John Moore.. worth had sincerely attached me. But it is received a mortal wound, of which he died at chiffy on public grounds tbat I must lament night; that Sir David Baird lost an arm; the blow. It will be the consolation of every that several officers and many men have been one who loved or respected his manly character, killed and wounded; and that the ships of that, after conducting the army through an war have received all such of the latter as they arduous retreat with consummate firmness, he could accommodate, the remainder being sent bas terminated a career of distinguished honour to transports.. by a death that has given the enemy additional The weather is now tempestuous; and the reason to respect the name of a fritisli sol- difficulties of embarkation are great. All exdier. Like the immortal Wolfe, he is snatched cept the rear guard are embarked ; consisting from his country at an early period of a life perhaps at the present moment of iwo thouspent in her service; like Wolte, his last mo. sand six hundred men, The enemy having nents were gilded by the prospect of success, brought cannon to a hill overhanging the and cheared by the acclamation of victory; like Wolfe also, his memory will for ever re- * Ville de Paris, Victory, Barfleur, Zeaa main sacred in that country which he sincerely lous, Implacable, Elizabeth, Norge, Planta. loved, and which he had so faithfully served. genet, Resolution, Audacious, Endymion, It remains for me.only to express my hope, Mediator.
beach, have forced a majority of the trans- issued by his Majesty's command on the ter-
which he had so recently and solemny es
January 18. poused. The embarkation of the troons having oco We are commanded to inform you, that his copied greater part of last night, it has not Majesty continues to receive from the Spabeen in my power to detach the Cossack be. nish Government the Strongest assurances of fore this day; and it is with satisfaction I am their determined perseverance in the cause of able to add, that, in consequence of the good the legitimate Monarchy, and of the national order niaintained by the troops, and the un- independence of Spain; and to assure you, wearied exertions of Commissioper Bowen, that so long as the people of Spain shail rea the Captains and other officers of the Navy, main true to themselves, his Majesty will conthe agents, as well as the boats' crews, many tinue to them his most strenuous assistance and of whom were for two days without food and support. without repose, the army have been embarked His Majesty has renewed to the Spanish to the last man, and the ships are now in the Nation, in the moment of its difficulties and offing, preparatory to s:eering for England. reverses, the engagements which he voluntaThe great body of the transports, having lostrily contracted at the outset of its struggle their anchors, ran to sea without the troops against the usurpation and tyranny of France ; they were ordered to receive, in consequence and we are commanded to acquaint you, that of which there are some thousands on board these engagements have been reduced into the the ships of war. Several transports through form of a Treaty of Alliance ; which Treaty, mismanagement, ran on shore.
so soon as the ratifications shall have been exmen appeared to have abandoned them, two changed, his Majesty will cause to be laid being brought out by the boars' crews of the before you. men of war, two were burnt, and five were His Majesty commands us to state to you, bilged.
that while his Majesty contemplated with the I cannot conclude this hasty statement with liveliest satisfaction the atchievements of his out expressing my great obligation to Rear- forces in the commencement of the campaign Admiral Sir Samuel Hood, whose eye was in Portugal, and the deliverance of the kingevery where, and whose exertions were un- dom of his Ally from the presence and oppresTemitted. I have the honour to be, &c. sions of the French army, his Majesty most M. DE COURCY. deeply regretted the termination of that cam
paign by an Armistice and Convention, of some On Thursday, January 19, the House of of the Articles of which his Majesty has feit Lords met pursuant to prorogation, when himself obliged formally to declare his disapthe Lord Chancellor, the Archbishop of probation. Canterbury, Lord Camden, and the Duke We are to express to you his Majesty's reof Montrose took their seats in their robes liance on your disposition to enable his Majesty upon the woolsack, as his Majesty's Com- to continue the aid afforded by his Majesty to missioners; and the Speaker and the the King of Sweden. That Monarch derives Members of the Ilouse of Commons be- a peculiar claim to his Majesty's support in the ing in attendance,the Chancellor delivered present exigency of his affairs, from having the following Speech from his Majesty ::
concurred with his Majesty in the propriety
of rejecting any proposal for Negociation to My Lords and Gentlemen,
which the Government of Spain was not to be We have it in command from his Majesty, admitted as a party, to state to you, that his Majesty has called Gentlemen of ibe House of Commons, you together, in perfect confidence that you , We are commanded by his Majesty to inare prepared cordially to support his Majesty form you, that he has directed the estimates in the prosecution of a war, which there is no of the current year to be laid before you. His hape of terminating safely and honourably, ex- Majesty relies upon your zeal and affection to cept through vigorous and persevering exer
make such further provisions of supply as the
vigorous prosecution of the War may reader We are to acquaint you, that his Majesty necessary; and he trusts that you may be enaa has directed to be laid before you, Copies of bled to find the means of providing such Supthe Proposals for opening a Negociation, which ply without any great or immediate increase were transmitted to his Majesty from Erfurth;
of the existing burt hens upon his people. and of the Correspondence which thereupon His Majesty feels assured it will be highly fisk place with the Government of Russia satisfactory to you to learn, that, notwith. aid of France ; together with the Declaration standing the measures resorted to by the ene
my for the purpose of destroying the com- equality which ought to prevail between all merce and resources of his Kingdom, the pub- great nations. lie revenue has continued in a course of pro
Count NICOLAS DE ROMANZOTT. gressive improvement. My Lords and Gentlemen,
Letter from his Majesty the Emperor of all We are directed to inform you that the mea.
the RUSSIAS, and BonAPARTE, to his sore adopted by Parliament in the last Session,
MAJESTY, dated Erfurth, 12th clober,
1808. Received October 21. for establishing a Local Militia, has been already attended with the happiest success, and
Sir E-Les circonstances actuelles de promises to be extensively and per nuanently l'Europe nous ont réunis à Erfurr. Notre beneficial to the Country.
premièrd penxée est de céder au vou et aus We have received his Majesty's commands besoins de tous les peuples, et de chercher par most especially to recommend to you, that, une prompte pacification avec votre majesté, duly weighing the immense interests which le ren.ève le plus efficace aux malheurs qui
les nations. are at stake in the war now carrying on, you
Nous en should proceed with as little delay as possible faisons connpitre notre sincère désir à votre to consider of the most effectual measures for majesté par cette présente lettre.—La guerre che augmentation of the regular army, in or
longue et sanılante qui a dechiré le Contider that his Majesty may be better enabled,
nent est terminie, sans qu'elle puisse se without impairing the means of defence at
renouveller. Beaucoup de changemens ont home, to avail himself of the military power
eu lieu en Europe ; beaucoups d'etats ont été
Le cause en est dans l'etat of his dominions in the great contest in which bouleversés. he is engaged ; and to conduct that contest, d'agitation et de malheur où la cessation du under the blessing of Divine Providence, to a
commerce maritime a placé ses plus grands conclusion compatible with the honour of his peuples. De plus grands changediens encore Majesty's Crown, and with the interest of his peuvent avoir lieu, et tous contraires à la Allies, of Europe, and of the world.
politique de la nation Angloise. La paix est donc à la fois dans l'intérêt des peuples du
Continent, comme da : l'intérêt des peuples Correspondence between the British, Russian, and de la Grande Bretagne.- Nous nous réunis
French Governments ; in consequence, of the sons pour prier votre majesté d'écouter la Overtures received from Erfurib; présenied voix de l'humanité, en faisant taire celie des by his Majesty's command' to both Blouses of passions, de chercher avec l'intention d'y Parliament.
parvenir, à concilier tous les intérőrs, et par Letter from Count NICOLAS DE ROMAN.
la garantir toutes les puissances qui existent,
et assurer le bonheur de l'Europe et de cette 207F, to Mr. Secretary CANNING, dated Erfurth, 30th September (12th October),
génération à la tête de laquelle la Providence 1808. Received October 21.
nous a placé.
(Signe) ALEXANDRE. NAPOLEON, S18---I send to your Excellency a letter which the Emperoi3 of Russia and France wrote to his Majesty the King of England. S12E-The present circumstances of Eve The Emperor of Russia flatters himself that rope have brought us together at Erfurth. England will feel the grandeur and the sin. Our first thought is to yieid to the wish and cerity of this step. She will there find the the wants of every people, and to seek, in a most natural and the most simple answer to speedy pacification with your majesty, the the overture which has been made by Ad- most efficacious remedy for the miseries miral Saumanez. The union of the two which oppress all nations. We make known empires is beyond the reach of all change, to your majesty our sincere desire in this and the two Eniperors have forined it for respect by the present letter, peace as well as for war.
The long and bloody war which has torn His majesty has commanded me to make the Continent is at an end, without the pos. known to your excellency that he has no- sibility of being renewed. Many changes minated plenipotentiaries, who will repair to have taken place in Europe ; many states Paris, where they will await the answer have been overthrown. The cause is to be which your excellency nay be pleased to found in the state of agitacion and misery in make to me. I request you to address it to which the stagnation of maritime commerce 'the Russian ambassador at Paris. The Ple- has placed the greatest nations. Still greater nipotertiaries named by the Emperor of Ruse changes may yet take place, and all of them sia will repair to that city on the continent, contrary to the policy of the English nation, to which the pleni: contiaries of his Bri: Peace, 'then, is at once the interest of the tannic majesty and his allies have been sent. Continent, as it is the interest of the people
In respect to the bases of the negotiation, of Great Britain. their Imperial majesty's see no difficulty in We unite in entreating your majesty to adopting all those formerly propused' by Jisten to the voice of humanity, silencing England, namely, the uri possidetis, and every that of the passions; to seek, with the inother basis founded upon the reciprocity and tention of arriving at that object, to concie