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person spoken of. There is a page, however,, no less than forty tales, traditional and modern on “The Etiquette of the Studio,” which may our young readers may take our word for it that be useful to those who, like ourselves, are its red jacket (or, rather, binding) is as full of ignorant of it. And ladies about to be presented fun and delightful adventures with giants, elves, at Court, as well as others, may find some use- fairies, and other creatures of the times of eld, ful hints on minor matters.
as will last its possessor for many a day to come.
But this is not all: the embellishments are more MERRY TALES FOR LITTLE FOLKs numerous than the stories, and many of them Edited by Madame de Chatelain. (London: exceedingly pretty, while others are equally Lockwood and Co., 7, Stationers' Hall Court.) funny and bizarre. We particularly notice, as The name of the Editress of this attractive little coming under the first description, the illusvolume is a sufficient guarantee for the careful trations of the little fisher-boy (which are very selection of its contents. It is brimful of charmingly designed); the boat full of children ; stories; beginning with such standard rythmical of Halden and the little Nix, and of the little ones as “Little Bo-peep,” “Old Mother Hub- transformed Goldhair when threatened with bard,” &c., and gradually including many less being returned to the sea, are specially graceful. well-known ones from the charmed pens of We sball make many a nursery glad by the inSouthey, Anderson, Madame D'Aulnoy, Grimme, troduction of this amusing little volume, which Tieck, Arnds, and many other deft writers of appears just in time to take its place amongst uvenile romance. When we say that it contains juvenile gift-books.
THE NEW THEATRES—THE “ GAIETY” AND THE “GLOBE.”
We are beginning to recognize the force of So much is a mock pugilistic encounter enjoyed the fact that a revolution has been effected in on the stage. There is nothing very repre“things theatrical.” The “old playgoer” has hensible in all this, if we except the occasional become an almost extinct animal, or a petrifac- obtrusion of a coarse reality in the form of a retion that society wonders at as a curiosity when volting crime on the scene. The rest is mere it intrudes itself into a western theatre. En-“leather and prunella.” The burlesques suffice tirely new classes of playgoers have sprung up, to divert and amuse, and create risibility-oila much less critical than the old, and satisfied tout !-but what shall we say of audiences who with any kind of drama that will divert the eye. can do as well, or better, without poetry, wit, It is by no means indispensable that the mind or satire at the theatre, as with intellectual reshould be addressed by noble thoughts or ele- sources once so popular? We believe the prevated sentiments ; but by way of a change, and sent play-going public is, sui generis, a very to satisfy the demand for variety, a “poetical different class to that which of old supported play” may take its turn on the stage, like any theatres. The capital is always thronged other play, only, as a rule, lighter pieces are with foreign and provincial visitors-especially preferred; and people care not to criticise any. | Americans, who, since the close of the American thing superior to a “set scene,” such as a civil war, have come over in shoals. Now bustling railway-station, a murder on the house-holiday-makers are, of course, amusementtops, a suicide on a steamboat-pier, or another seekers, and so “The Play's the thing !" Our on the underground-railway. These practicable American cousiņs are especially fond of theate "effects” need not be associated with any dra- ricals, without being choice as to the fare. It matic works of art, but may simply constitute is a fact, that, whereas four or five years ago the the piece of the evening associated with a London theatres were neglected and nightly modicum of realistic pantomime and everyday- empty, since then they have completely recovered life dialogue. There is another form of piece their popularity, and there are not new theatres which delights its peculiar audience, and that is enough. To supply the demand for more the “extravaganza,” which abounds in music theatrical amusement, which exists chiefly we and dancing to coryphees in fancy-dresses, and believe among the throngs of strangers to the plenty of horse-play and buffoonery amongst metropolis, several new theatres have been lately the male characters.
built, and are now open and drawing large A make-believe “set-to with the gloves" at / audiences. the STRAND theatre, in “Darnley; or, the The HOLBORN, the QUEEN's, and the New Field of the Cloth of Gold,” has drawn large | AMPHITHEATRE have been some time open, audiences for more than two hundred successive but to these have just been added the new and nights, and is likely to "run" as many more! handsome edifices erected in the Strand, now
Aourishing under the names of the GLOBE THE CHRISTMAS AMUSEMENTS. and the GAIETY. The style of these establishments, and the nature of their enter | It is too early in the month at the commencetainments are of that continental character ment of the New Year for us to review the to convince us that they are adapted more to the pantomimes of the Christmas season. But we tastes of foreigners than to English audiences, will say, that “Puss in Boots” at DRURY LANE pure and simple. The Gaiety (situated near and “Robinson Crusoe" at COVENT GARDEN, Catherine-street, Strand) is like one of the newest are, as usual, magnificent, elaborate, and costly, Parisian houses-partly a play-house, partly a productions well worth seeing. restaurant. The pieces produced, namely, the We have not yet visited any one of the vaudeville of “The Two Harlequins;" a new minor houses, but a certain authority on minor melodrama, entitled, “On the Cards;" and a "theatricals" (our friend “Diggles”), who acts new extravaganza, on the opera of “Robert le as fugleman in the gallery, and is the oracle of Diable," are peculiarly French. The style of that region, reports well of the LYCEUM panacting is also imitated from the Parisian stage, tomime, “Humpty Dumpty," and also of the and there are one or two actual French actors SURREY annual, “Harlequin Jack and Gill.” performing in the newly-imported pieces. We Diggles has written a burlesque of his own, have nothing to find fault with in these French on the career of an east-end Nero, which is wares, they are light elegant, and amusing pro- replete with smart rhyme and clever songs, such ductions, well acted, with the most artistic and as the “gods” love, and mortals sigh after. lively surroundings. Mr. Alfred Wigan is the We consider, therefore, as we have already principal artist, and performs the scambling, said, that Diggles should be heard in Burvagabond-like character of a French mounte- lesque, Extravaganza, and Pantomine lore. * bank, in the new melodrama, admirably. He His “ Cat” chorus is sung on all Boxing Nights is well supported by Mr. Stuart (from the Paris in the galleries of theatres; and we have heard theatres), Miss Madge Robertson, Miss E. it in society of an equally clubbable, but of more Farren, Miss Loseby, &c. The vaudeville of refined tastes. "The Two Harlequins” introduced an agreeable
E. H. Malcolm. singing actor in Mr. Lyall, and an equally pleasant singing actress in Miss Constance Loseby. In the extravaganza Miss E. Farren (from the Olympic) plays one of her characteristic“tunic" parts, and is magnificently attired. The piece abounds in ballet dances, and there is plenty of
SOUND.-As a ship was sailing along the coast of light music, “patter songs," and minstrel
cel | Brazil, about 100 miles from land, the persons walkserenading to delight the ears of the admirers
ing on deck heard most distinctly the sound of bells of such pieces.
varying as in human rejoicings. The phenomenon | was mysterious and inexplicable, until some days after
wards it was ascertained that at the time of obserThe GLOBE THEATRE, which opened last
vation, the cathedral bells of St. Salvador had been month, is situated in Wych-street. The drama ringing on the occasio
ringing on the occasion of a festival. The sound produced (written by H. J. Byron) is entitled favoured by a gentle breeze had travelled over 100 "Cyril's Success," and is a very excellent little miles of smooth water, and striking the wide-spreading comedy of the French school, if we may be al- sail of the ship, rendered concare by the wind, had lowed the definition. We mean, rather, by it, been brought to a focus and rendered perceptible. that the piece is put upon the stage after the manner of a Parisian comedy. “Cyril's Suc-' FRIENDSAIP.----When I see leaves drop from their cess" is performed by a smart English Com- | trees in the beginning of autumn, just such, think I, pany, amongst whom we recognize Mr. David is the friendship of the world. While the sap of Fisher, Mr. J. Clarke, Miss Clara Thorne, Miss maintenance lasts, my friends swarm in abundance ; Henrade, &c,, &c.; and there are several debu- but in the winter of my need they leave me naked. tantes, including Mr. W. H. Vernon, who is He is a happy man that hath a true friend at his need; likely to become a permanent London actor in but he is more truly happy that hath no need of his the jeune première line of róles. The drama of friends, the evening is in accordance with the present custom, commencing near upon 8 o'clock, being preceded and followed by a light vaudeville and farce. Visitors will discover in the
* “Diggles."'-A legend of the Victoria Dock; a Globe a remarkably handsome theatre, furnished:
| Burlesque Poem. Bemrose and Co., PaternosterTED every regard to personal comfort and con. Irow, 100.
THE LADIES' PAGE.
COLLAR IN FLORAL CROCHET. MATERIALS :-Penelope Crochet Hook, No. 41, and Boar's-head Crochet Cotton, No. 24, of Messrs. Evang
and Co., Derby.
This little collar is intended to tack inside 3rd Flower : 8 chain, turn, miss 5, and work the top of the dress, and the leaves and flowers 1 single in the 6th stitch, cross the stem, and to stand up.
through the round loop work 1 double, 2 chain 1st Leaf: Make a chain of 17, turn, miss 5, | join to the last loop of 5 chain of the 2nd flower, and work 1 single in the 6th stitch, then 2 3 chain, i double through the loop, then 5 chain, miss 2, and i treble twice, 2 chain, miss chain, and i double 4 times through the loop, 2, and i double, leaving 2 chain for the stem ; and 2 single on the stem, and on the main cross the stem, and through each of the 1st 3 stem work 5 single, leaving 7 chain, then 24 loops 2 chain, work i double, 1 chain, 5 treble, chain for the 2nd leaf, turn, miss 5, and work I chain, and i double; through the 6 chain at i double in the 6th stitch, then 2 chain, miss 2, the point, work 1 double, 1 chain, 4 treble, 1 and i treble twice, 2 chain, miss 2, and i double; chain, and i double, and through each of the 3 cross the stem, and through the 1st loop of 2 loops of 2 chain, work l double, 1 chain, 5 chain work 1 double, 1 chain, 5 treble, 1 chain, treble, 1 chain, and 1 double, then 2 single on and i double; through the next loop of 2 chain, the 2 chain for the sten..
work 1 double, 1 chain, 2 treble join to the cen*. 1st Spray of Flowers.-18t Flower: 20 tre 5 chain of the last flower, and through the chain, turn, miss 5, and work 1 single in the same loop of 2 chain work 3 treble, 1 chain, and 6th stitch to make it round, leaving a chain of 1 double; through the next loop of 2 chain 14 for the stem, cross the stem, work 2 chain, work i double, 1 chain, 5 treble, 1 chain, and i and through the round loop, 1 double, 5 chain, double, and through the 6 chain at the point 1 double twice, 2 chain, join to the centre of work, 1 double, 1 chain, 4 treble, 1 chain, and i the last 5 treble but one of the leaf, 3 chain, 1 double, and down the side, work through each double through the loop, then 5 chain, and i of the 3 loops of 2 chain, i double, 1 chain, 5 double twice, and 2 single on the stem.
treble, 1 chain, and I double, then 2 single on 2nd Flower : 12 chain, turn, miss 5, and the chain for the stem. Repeat from * 11 or work 1 single in the 6th stitch, cross the stem 12 times more, just according to the size reof 6, and through the round loop work 1 double, quired, and finish with a double row along the 2 chain join to the last 5 chain of the 1st chain, and then a treble row, which will from flower, 3 chain, and I double, then 5 chain, the band. In black silk and beads this would and i double 4 times through the round loop, form a pretty trimming. and 5 single down the stem, leaving 1 chain.
MATERIALS:-One ounce of scarlet double Berlin Wool. The cuff is very easy to make; it is knitted , described, then 12 rounds alternately, 1 round in rounds in brioche knitting with scarlet wool. knitted, l round purled, and then again 64
1st round. * Throw the wool forward, slip 1, rounds of brioche knitting, 12 rounds alteras if you were going to purl it, knit 1; repeat nately, i knitted, 1 purled, and finally 20 rounds from *.
| brioche knitting. The lower edge of the cuff is 2nd. * Purl together the stitch formed in formed by a round of black scallops in crochet. the preceding round by throwing the wool for. This is worked by taking together, in the last ward and the next stitch, throw the wool for- knitted round before casting off the stitches, the ward, slip 1, repeat from *.
slipped stitch, the stitch formed by throwing These two rounds are constantly repeated. the wool forward, and the knitted stitch, with i Cast on 50 stitches, divide them upon 4 needles, double stitch in crochet, and working 5 chain and knit 20 rounds in brioche stitches as before ' stitches between.
TRELLIS EDGING. MATERIALS :--Tatting Shuttle and Tatting Cotton, of Messrs. Walter Evans and Co., Derby. Commence by filling the shuttle, but do not double stitches, then one pearl and six double; cut the thread off the reel, as it will be required then one pearl and three double; draw close. for a straight thread.
Reverse the work, turning the circle down under 1st Circle : Use the shuttle, leaving the reel the left thumb, to the left. Commence a loop, work three !
A CHAPTER ON FROGS,
Linnæus imagined that nature, which had show how inexhaustible the subject was. Thus endowed all other animals in so wonderful a has this race of animals obtained a place in manner, had not been so liberal with the rep- poetry, beginning with fable and riddles and tiles. If beauty were the only or even the running the whole round of song. highest law in the formations of nature, there
| The frog's dress is a genuine hunter's cosmight be something in this reflection. But some Amphibia, when studied impartially, cease
| tume, green as the grasses among which he
I cease lives, changing its hue according to season and to be repelling or ugly, and become even attrac
circumstances. With the foliage paler and tive. This is principally the case with the darker, the little tree-frog alters his colour-even Batrachians, the most numerous of the amphibi.
every three or four weeks—so that he passes ous animals, and to which the toad and sala- | mander belong. A single toad lays over a thou-lhe summer and autumn. Several times a year
şala. | his time unobserved among the leaves during sand eggs; a frog, five hundred, at least. They his work is entirely changed and his vert so may become a scourge in the land. When
thin, if received on a sheet of paper, it hardly Aaron stretched out his hand over the waters
leaves behind a mark like that of a lead-pencil, of Egypt, “ the frogs came up and covered the land,” filling the houses, bed-chambers, the
still it is generally eaten by the frogs themselves.
We class the frogs among the comic types of ovens and kneading-troughs. Other historians
the animal creation, from his resemblance to beside Moses have related how whole tribes of
man. Who has not seen men with frog-like people were compelled to leave their residence
countenances ? Such are generally beardless, on account of the immense increase of these
with bald pates, short-necked heads, obtusely. animals. In nearly every zone they are to be found. In the tropical forest the bull-frog
shaped faces, partly flattened nose, with a wide sends forth at night-fall his hollow bellowing,
mouth, receding chin, prominent eyes and
puffed-out cheeks. Join such a physiognomy while a Lapland summer is not destitute of its
to a fair, round-bellied, abbot-like stature, and croaking, marshy chorus. Eighty species of
not a single feature will be wanting to perfect the frog tribe are now known, from the Bellower
the resemblance. The eyes as well as the of Louisiana, nearly twelve inches long, to our
cheeks serve mainly to produce the likeness. common little tree-frog (Rana arborea) of an inch and a-half. We need not mention those
Look at his eyes! They are unmistakably im
portant, large, round, and in some species, surmonsters which once peopled the slime of our earth, when it arose from
rounded by lids, their colour varying from deep the waters. The
black to a flaming yellow; and to this fact a ancient Rabbis, whose views of nature sometimes
Greek author refers when he says the frog is an degenerated into grotesque monstrosities, speak
| animal void of shame, and never blushes, save of a frog as large as sixty houses !
in his eyes The iris of the toad's eye is most Our chapter will be concerning the water
| beautiful, really playing in its golden colouring. frog, (Rana Esculenta,) the most widely-spread
Like that of a cat, the owl and other nocturnal
1 and interesting of all the race; he is, in fact, a
animals, it exercises the electric power. It is character, often playing no unimportant part
known that men who have endeavoured to within popular stories and fairy-tales, and sometimes with the poets. Who does not remember the
stand the gaze of a toad's eye have almost sunk
fainting to the ground, overcome by its piercing myth of the frogs of Latona ; * and also the
power. It is brilliant and intelligent, but harm-. fable of their election of a king? When
less. Sir Joseph Banks states: “I have from Pisistratus had usurped the Government, Æsop related it to the Athenians; the middle ages re. I taking toads in my hand. holding them there
my childhood been in the constant habit of peated this fable from the Latin authors, and hardly a poet but has used it; and in our day it
some time, and applying them to my face and
nose, as it may happen. My motive for doing has been worked into a political drama. Two thousand years ago Aristophanes brought the
this very frequently, is to inculcate the opinion
I have held, that the toad is actually a harmless frog people on the stage; two thousand years after it furnished a welcome subject for one of
| animal.” It is a vulgar error, and an act of in
humanity to treat such a reptile with disgust or the greatest German satirists, Fischart's “ Froschosch.” Another poem, in the Homerian
cruelty. Place one in a damp case, lined with heroic style, sings the battle between the frogs and the toad will live bavpily and become an
mat, feeding it once a day with worms or flies, and mice. It has a long name, “ Batrachomyomachia,” and, appearing toward the end of
object of amusement and instruction, instead of the sixteenth century, was long a favourite book
disgust. with Protestant Germany. When the Prussian / In the frog's head, the mouth is most controops marched into insurrectionary Holland, in spicuous--it is an “Os magna sonans ;” but, 1787, another “Frochiade" appeared, as if to having ng iips, properly so called, it seems
closed in silence, and is sometimes marked only * Ovid, uptam, vi. 315.
I by a coloured line, and the under part of the
chin, which is generally white. In his head, 1 “unclean spirits, like frogs, come out of the . mere indications of a nose and ear are to be mouth of the dragon, and out of the mouth of
seen; and the head not raised upon a freelye | he' beast, and out of the mouth of the falset moving neck, delicately joins the trunk. The prophet.” Some good critics apply this to hind-leg is lengthened to an extraordinary de- / Vespasian and his pretended miracles, but gree, and with its immense toes no other animal others to false teachers. The pious Mussulman can exhibit so human-looking a leg as the frog. reckons the frog among his sacred animals, Then the formation of the bones and muscles because he proclaims the praise of Allah. is also the same as in man, the latter forming a Who that has travelled in America forgets the perfect calf, while the nakedness of his body summer nights of the Southern States? On causes this resemblance to appear more strik- the extensive plain all life is asleep, when the ingly. Mr. Frog is truly an "anthromorphite.” | lonesome deep groan of the moor-frog sounds Who, when bathing, has not been reminded by from afar, like a summons from the other world; the skilful swimmer of the green-coated paddler then on a sudden an agreeable tenor begins in as he leaps from the bank with regular strokes the ponds. He summons others, as it were, to dividing the water? To this very striking re- | nocturnal prayers : around him sits the syna. semblance, a natural philosopher of the last gogue, and presently a deeper voice, evidently of century described the petrified skeleton of a advanced years, cbimes in, then a third joins the frog of a former age, as "the hones of an ante- chant, when the recitative begins. After a little diluvian man. He was a Swiss physician, and while a pause ensues, when the precentor again in 1726 described it to his astonished con- sings his solo, some responses long drawn foltemporaries as “the Homo diluvii testii.” lowing, then suddenly a topsy-turvy, hurly-burly Strange enough, for nearly a century this error | from every throat bursts forth on the midnight was promulgated, until the far-sighted Cuvier air. This lasting some minutes, single solos recognized the truth. The learned philosopher's follow in a minor key; but the scattered tones name was Tcheuchzer; and since then this soon break forth again in a stormy chorus. An remarkable fossil has been called “Andrias ardent lover of nature, it has been our good Tcheuchseri."
fortune to hear such music, lasting throughout When, in the early spring, the sun sends the whole night, and hearing it for many miles. down his first warm rays upon our earth, all the But this must be gentle music compared to the slecpers of the deep awake, and with them the uproar which travellers relate, when, on the f.og. The winter sleep is over, and he beholds shores of the Caspian Sea and the Volga, in the golden light pouring through the bright myriads, the frogs celebrate their marriage mirror of water, now freed from its icy fetters; festivals. It is a complete jovial Bacchic his heart expands, he stretches his limbs, and rejoicing. rises to the surface. Now he puts forth his / The lady-frogs on these occasions have also a obtuse angled head, immovable as a stone, and voice. When the sun begins to brood on the stares upon the new wide world germinating in surface of the water, the female will sit beside greenness around him. But he is yet faint and her dots of spawn, floating by hundreds; and in dumb, except some passer-by throws a stone gentle murmurs, not unlike the purring of a cat, into the water, which putting it into commotion, she pours forth her maternal feelings.
comotives then begin slowly to strike out. The young are curiosities in nature, frogAs the golden orb mounts higher in the heavens, novices merely, consisting only of a head and the frog displays new energy: soon he is heard, tail, and swimming about quite unprotected. when the strange chorus answers from the sur- | At last, however, the tail is cast off by selfrounding waters. What lover of the country is acquired strength, and, the toga virilis put on, not fhmiliar with this music! It is not the they enter upon their frogdom. These too now merry, rejoicing cry of the tree-frog, “kek ! kek! delight in joining the noisy chorus of their .kek !" nor the hoarse croak of the toad, but a parents, basking on the green banks with them. comfortable, broad, long-drawn tone, followed They idle away hours on the moist grass, yet by piercing, quick pəals of laughter, that you keep a sharp look-out; or take a siesta among would imagine the merry company would the bulrusbes or the shady roof of the mush"crack their sides.” The musicians look droll rooms. Hence these, with fungi, are called enogh, as they puff their cheeks while uttering “toadstool.” If a fly approaches, suddenly the these fervid sonnds: the “buffo" is truly ex- curious sticky tongue darts forth, and the victim cellent.
is caught. There is no chance of escape from An old superstition declares that the frog's the clammy snare, for in an instant it is drawn cry forebodes pestilence, and the sleepless com- back. To the frog, as with most animals whose plain of his disturbing their rest; so did Horace safety consists in flight, Nature has bestowed a on the road to Brundusium:
most susceptible ear and hearing. Let only a
footstep rustle through the grass, when plump! “Mali culices ranæque palustres
plump! the whole row leap and dive into the Avertunt somnos."
water, and swim from the shore. Now they feel
safe, but as soon as the coast seems clear they Aristotle, too, pronounces it garrulous and return with noisy gaieties, or rival each other foolish. St Johu in the Apocalypse beheld in all sorts of hydraulic tricks and pastimes.