W R A Y.


But these pretexts have now no longer power to impose, even upon the meanest un derstanding. The glorious agents in the Revolution fixed their opposition upon the firm basis of private right and public liberty. One King was brought to public exe cution for invading the property of his subjects, even in the most trifling article ; another was driven from his throne for arbitrary purposes, and ill-concealed ambition. Our great deliverer is immortal in the memory of this nation, for fixing public right and private property upon a firm and lasting balís; and for taking up arms to secure both from the proud attempts of foreign enemies.

But these modern Revolutionists have turned the irresistible force of British aims upouz British bofoms: their triumphs are recorded at Saratoga, York Town, and every disastrous fpot which is marked by our misfortunes and disgrace. Does Mr. Fox deny the imputation ? Let him first deny his infamous coalition with the author of all these calamities, who comes into power reeking with the blood of millions, professedly unchanged in any of his principles, and ready to light up new wars, the instant the guardian genius of Britain fhall Number over his charge.

In respect to private property, thele genuine Revolutionists have sufficiently explained their principles. Their daring and unprecedented attempts upon all the property of the East India Company, may convince every discerning mind, that nothing was sufficiently fenced against their rapacity; and puts every man, that has any thing to lose, under the necessity

of voting against them, upon the same simple principle that he would oppose a thief or a housebreaker.

As to the interference of the Court, the friends of Sir Cecil Wray will make no retort. They give Mr. Fox leave to blazon all their discoveries in the most pompous strains of his energetic eloquence; nor will they even condescend to retaliate upon that aristocracy which have wished to lead in chains both Sovereign and people, and to divide their spoils. There are some transactions so offensive to public decency, that even the violence of an Election may pass them over in filence, and rather wish, for the public honour, to have them forgotten than punished.

But as to the odious name of “ Secret Influence," the Electors are reminded, that the foremost figure in Mr. Fox's phalanx, is the open and avowed patron of all its exceffes ; nor can the Sovereign himself give a proof more unequivocal, how totally he abjures it, than by diffolving a corrupt and venal Parliament, to appeal to the unbiased suffrages of a free and generous people.

Roule then, ye independent Electors of this ancient and respected city! Shew yourselves to be equal in virtue, equal in discernment, to the rest of your countrymen, whofe atmoft unanimous voice has driven these public robbers from the spoils which they have grasped, and has consigned them to scorn and infamy. Remember, that any King may become a tyrant, who will share the plunder of his people, with an intereited aristocracy; but that a Sovereign who appeals to a free people, for the defence of their common privileges, cannot be deferted, without involving public liberty in the ruin which is meditated against himself,


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May 8.] This Committee most earnestly request the independent Electors of Westminster to rest assured that the scrutiny will not be demanded on weak or chimerical


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grounds, nor prosecuted, on vexatious or vindietive principles, but will owe its existence to information obtained by the unremitting activity of the Parochial Committees, who daily investigate the votes in their respective districts.

This Coinmittee are no less anxious to have the scrutiny conducted with temper and candour, in order to restore peace to this divided city, than they are determined to support it throughout with alacrity and firmness, in juitice to the injured Electors.



WOO D's Η Ο Τ Ε L. May 10.] The daring outrage committed this day in Covent Garden by a banditti of, russians, who, there is every reason to believe, were hired for the purpose by some of Mr. Fox's party, may posibly be misrepresented in the newspapers devoted to his intereft, the public are therefore cautioned not to pay any regard to accounts that may be fabricated for the purpose of imposition, as an authentic detail of the whole proceedings will be immediately submitted to their impartial judgment,

W O O D's Η Ο Τ Ε L.

Tuesday Evening, Eleven o'Clock, May 11.. The Coroner’s Inqueft being yet fitting on the body of the unfortunate constable, who died this morning in consequence of the wounds he received in the riot that happened yesterday in Covent Garden; and to avoid prejudicing the public in their opinion of that extraordinary affair, it is thought proper to postpone the promifed account of it for the present.


A M U R D E R! Whereas, on Monday last, between the hours of three and four oʻclock, a molt violent affault was made in Covent Garden, at the close of the poll, on several persons, by men armed with bludgeons, cleavers, and other offensive weapons; in consequence of which Nicholas Caffon, a peace officer, received several wounds on his head and other parts of his body, which occasioned his death, and the Coroner's Inquest have fince found, that the said Nicholas Caflon was wilfully murdered, by fome person or persons unknown.

And whereas there is the strongest reason to believe, that the ruffians, so armed with bludgeons and cleavers, who committed this daring outrage, have been daily hired from the commencement of the Election, to the present periode


The Committee appointed to conduct the Election of Lord Hood and Sir Cecil Wray, thinking it a duty which they owe to the Public in general, and to the Electors of Weitminster in particular, to bring every offender to justice, who have been concerned in this inhuman and bloody transaction, do hereby offer a reward of Fifty Pounds to any person or persons, who shall discover the Murderers, or the Parties who hired or employed them. The reward to be paid, on conviction, by Mr. Samuel Wood, of the Piazza, Covent Garden.

J. P. ATKINSON, Secretary. Woods Hotel, Covent Garden, 12th May, 1784.


C. F--x's compliments to the worthy and independent Electors of the City and Liberties of Westminster : having nothing to say for himself, he hopes they will excuse the many grofs invectives that have been thrown out against Sir Cecil Wray; and he is the more encouraged to expect their forgiveness, as he is now convinced, that however malevolent the design may have been, the effet has been totally harmless; his opponent, Sir Cecil Wray, gaining inore of the public esteem, in proportion as Mr. Charles Fox attempts to depreciate his character.

Afassination and Murder by a hired Mob. Englishmen, If you were not witnesses, you now may have authentic testimony (from the Coroner's Inquest) of a Murder, coinmitted in Covent Garden, on Monday the roth instant. The person murdered was Nicholas Caffon, a peace-officer, and in obedience to legal summons attending his duty. Observe, the military were not present, not a soldier near ; the peace-officers alone were endeavouring, at the hazard of their lives, to preserve inviolate the Freedom of Election. Mr. F.'s Committee are called upon to deny these facts :--they dare not; they know they cannot. Infamous, therefore, are the declarations of those who attempt to infult your understanding, by asserting that the peace-officers, acting under legal authority, were like those hired rufians who produced thë riót, and by -whom the murder was committed.

N O M U R D E R! ! No Club Law, no Butchers Law, no Petticoat Government ! The worthy Electors of Westminster, who are neither intimidated by marrow-bones and cleavers, nor influenced by Peers or Peeresses, are called upon to exert their native privileges as Britons and citizens. It is yet in their power to vindicate their liberties, and by a speedy and earnest support of Lord Hood" and Sir Cecil Wray, to pour contempt upon the basest exertion of open bribery, that ever disgraced the English 'nation. -May 12, 1784.


Proceedings in consequence of the Riot and Murder.

Wood's Hotel, May 13, 1784. As the friends of Lord Hood and Sir Cecil Wray mean not to inflame the minds, or impofe on the understandings of the people, they are not so forward as their adversaries in obtruding publications on the town, calculated only to mislead the judgment. The riot which happened on Monday having been attended, however, by the most ferious consequences, it is conceived to be a duty to submit the following facts to genetal conlideration, leaving every man of candour and honour to deduce such inferences as the trath will justify.

In consequence of the wounds which Nicholas Caffon, a peace-officer, received during the riot on Monday, he expired, as hath been ftated, about half an hour past one o'clock on Tuesday morning. - At five o'clock in the afternoon of that day the Coroner's Inquest were summoned to fit on the body of this unfortunate mu.

The surgeons who attended were Mr. John Hunter and Mr. Sheldon; and it had been previously stipulated by the Committees of the contending Candidates, that those two thould be the only gentlemen of the faculty present at the opening of the body. Two friends of Lord Hood and Sir Cecil Wray, and the same number on the part of Mr. Fox, were also to be admitted. This agreement, reduced to writing, should have been considered so binding, as not to admit for a moment the idea of deviation. Mr. Brand, the surgeon, expressed, however, a more than ordinary curiosity to be present at the melancholy scene. The Rev. Mr. Jackson ftrenuously objected to the admission of Mr. Brand, as it would be an absolute violation of the original agreement. The Rev. Mr. Bate declared, “ That he would not consent to break through the agreement; if that were “ done in one instance, it might in others, and a departure from the rule laid down « being admitted, confusion only could ensue.” Mr. Smith, another gentleman in the interest of Mr. Fox, perfectly concurred in the same opinion, and Mr. Brand was filenced, but not satisfied.

The surgeons having retired to examine the body, and the respective friends of the Candidates being required to attend, the chirurgical operation commenced, and the deceased appeared to have received a most violent contusion on one side of his head, a quantity of extravasated blood was discovered on the other, three of his ribs were broken, and there were various marks of violence, which the surgeons pronounced to be the causes of his death. The Coroner's Inquest being prepared to hear evidence, it was contended by a most numerous party of Mr. Fox's friends, that the Coroner ought to enter into a discussion refpecting the commencement of the riot, which they were prepared to prove originated from the peace-officers. This was deemed by several gentlemen, perfectly competent to the question, irrelative to the business before the Coroner. After tedious harangues, and a great deal of fruitless altercation, it was agreed, that the Coroner should be waited on to enquire and report his determination, which turned out to be, not to admit any evidence as to the commencement of the riot, but fimply to enquire as to the murder or manslaughter of the deceased. The testimonies of the fact being mumerous, and the investigation rendered as complicated as the machinations of party could make it, the Coroner's Inquest continued fitting from five in the afternoon of Tuesday, until near one o'clock on Wednesday morning, when they found the fact to be Wilful Murder against some person or persons unknown.

It will appear incredible that such a verdict being given, and fifteen of the hired rioters being then actually in custody, any magistrate should be suspected as the primary cause of the murder; yet, absurd as the position may appear, it was maintained by a gentleman of the name of Kelly, who is hunself in the commission of the peace. About two


o'clock yesterday morning Mr. Kelly, attended by several of Mr. Fox's friends, entered Wood's' Hotel, and Mr. Kelly publicly declared, “That he had a charge of the most “ serious nature to inake, and which he meant to substantiate against Mr. Wilmot.--“ This charge was, he said, of no less a nature than that of Mr. Wilmot's being an “ accessary before the fact to the murder committed.. The fingularity of this assertion very naturally occasioned a general surprize; and Mr. Kelly persisting in the charge, Mr. Wilmot was committed to the cultody of a peace officer.

Mr. Kelly having retired to an adjacent room, the following words were repeatedly vociferated by various gentlemen : " Mr. Kelly! Mr. Kelly! come forward, and make good your charge!" Mr. Kelly declining to appear, Mr. Hood inquired for him, and « being shewn the room where he was, Mr. Hood entered, and found a number of “ Mr. Fox's friends, whom he thus addressed :-- " I beg that Mr. Kelly, if he hath

any charge to make against Mr. Wilmot, may come forward, and do it immediately, as the accufation is of that heinous nature to admit of no delay;, I can positively affure the friends of Mr. Fox, that it is the particular wijn of Lord Hood and Sir Cecil İVray, as well as of those concerned for them, to have the persons who were accessary to the murder of the unfortunate man brought to punishment; and that a fair and candid investigation may be entered on immediately.. Mr. Kelly replied, that he was ready to make the charge and swear to it; but it was objected to by the friends of Mr. Fox for the following reasons : The lateness of the hour; that it was impossible to carry on a civil process whilst the military were called in; and that Wood's Hotel could not be a proper place to have the deposition taken, it being a party house, and the magistrate a partial man!

Mr. Hood perceiving that his staying longer would not answer any good purpose, as the friends of Mr. Fox appeared unanimous in preventing Mr. Kelly from giving his deposition, wished the gentlemen a good night, and retired to a party of his own friends, in an adjacent room, to whom he reported what had happened.

In about a quarter of an hour Justice Kelly, accompanied by Mr. Sheridan, fallied forth, for the purpose of subftantiating the charge against Mr. Wilmot; and Justice Hale, a very respectable magistrate, happening to be in the house, the following depo-, sition was fworn before him : “ Mr. Edmund Kelly maketh oath, and faith, That he believes Mr. Wilmot was an

accessary before the fali, of the murder of the man in Covent Garden on the 10th “ of May instant, by causing the riot, by keeping a parcel of constables, against the “ opinion of the Magistrates that met at Westminster, at the Guildhall, yesterday.

E. KELLY." Sworn before me this 12th day of May, 1784.


(COPY.) This deposition is so singularly characteristic as to render it impossible to peruse it and retain a gravity of features. That a Magistrate should be accessary to a murder, by retaining a parcel of constables to keep the peace, is such an Hibernian folecism as will scarcely admit a parallel. The light in which it appeared to Justice Hale is most evident; for perceiving the futility as well as the malevolence of the accusation, he attested his opinion in the subsequent words: « 1 do conceive that the above information is not, in any wise, fufficient whereby to

ground any charge against the abovenamed Mr. Wilmos; I therefore do hereby dis

“ charge him.” Dated the 13th day of May, 1784.



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