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second time opposite the house of Mr. Jennings, from whose fide of the Garden the hired ruffians issued, who began the attack on the peace officers, in which Nicholas Casfon was so barbarously murdered. The procession afterwards advanced to the church, and the prescribed forms being ended, the body was interred; the wretched widow frequently uttering the most passionate exclamations, and appealing to the God of Justice to inflict a punishment on the murderers! When the procession quitted the church, a stop was made at Wood's Hotel; and Mrs. Caffon, after gratefully acknowledging the extremne humanity and tenderness with which she had been treated by Mr. Wood and his family, returned to her house, now bereft of conjugal comfort by the loss of a husband, to whom she had been married thirty years.
This inelancholy recital, and the turn which hath been given to the riot and murder by the friends of Mr. Fox, will justify the following restrictions :
In the first place, a murder having been committed, the friends of each party appear desirous of discovering the perpetrators, and bringing them to justice. The friends of Lord Hood and Sir Cecil Wray have procured the detention of those rioters whom there are strong reasons to believe were accessaries to the murder. The friends of Mr. Fox, on the contrary, have obtained the liberation of twelve of the ruffians, and they were very near obtaining the release of the remaing three. Yet these very friends of Mr. Fox offer a reward of One Hundred Guineas for the discovery of the persons who committed the murder, at the very instant when they were moving Heaven and Earth to get the three ruffians bailed, who are now in Newgate charged with the commission of the crime ! In what light must such a conduct appear to candid minds? Have the Committee of Lord Hood and Sir Cecil Wray, or any of their friends, offered bail for a single man who hath been taken into custody since the commencement of the election ? Have they ftood forth the champions of Irish chairmen, and the protectors of desperadoes with marrow-bones and cleavers ? Is there a Nobleman, a Commoner, or a Baronet, connected with Lord Hood and Sir Cecil Wray, who hath extended any particular marks of favour to fellows whom money would prompt to the foulest practices? On the other side of the question, no sooner are fifteen vagabonds committed to Newgate for a riot and a murder, han the jail is visited by men of rank, and Peers and Baronets by dozens offer bail for their friends the Marrow-bones and Cleavərs in distress !---This conduct explains itself.--A commentary would only obscure it.---They must be wonderfully anxious to bring unurders to punishment, who wish those suspected of the crime releafed from prison? And it is an exceeding strong proof that the riot on Monday last was not begun by any ruffians hired by the friends of Mr. Fox, when the whole party of that gentleman avow their connections with the rioters, by having bailed fome, and wishing to set the others at liberty! This is so very like charging a magistrate with employing peace officers to break the peace, that Mr. Sheridan must be concerned in the business, and the absurdity of the conduct is imputable to the common blunders of his country,
AD VERTISE M E N T. It being generally understood that the poll for electing Members to serve in Parliament for the city of Westminster, will be finally closed on Monday next at three o'clock,
* The above very partial detail appeared in every paper of the day particularly attached to the interest of Lord Hood and Sir Cecil Wray. We give it to potierity in its full force. But we may be forgiven the record, when 1 is known that in our work we likewise give the trial at large of those committed for the riot; by which it appears, that the riot was actually begun by a magistrate, who came to Covent Garden to defend the constables particularly attached to Hood and Wray. Not a titile of evidence did the ingenious Mr. Morgan, so often mentioned in the foregoing paper, adduce so prove the guilt of the prisoners, who were fully acquitted. The reader is referred to the trial.
Lord Hood, Sir Cecil Wray, and their several Committees, take this opportunity of
JOHN CHURCHILL, Chairman.
Tickets (five sħillings each) to be had at the bar of the Hotel, or at either of the
Mr. CHURCHILL, in the Chair.
A D V ERTISE M E N T.
WOO D's HOTEL,
Meff. Drummonds, Charing-cross;
Mell. Thercey, Birch, and Hobbs, Bond-ftreet,
JOHN CHURCHILL, Chairman.
riot and cruel murder, perpetrated on Monday last, are too gross; and the contrary of such aspersions too well known to stand in need of contradi&tion. The curious resolutions of Fox's Committee at the Shakespeare, and the hand bills ftuck up and liberally distributed about the town on Tueíday, bringing back to recollection the affair of St. George's Fields, appear on the face of them to be calculated for the purpose of inflaming the minds of the people, and of creating riot and confusion. Their pretended offers of rewards, and advertising for evidence, are perfectly burlesque, unless they intend by it, to buy off and suppress any evidence that may be offered against their hireling butchers.
Rotation Office, Litchfield-street. Saturday morning about twelve o'clock, Patrick Kenney, who was apprehended the preceding evening, on a charge of riot in Covent Garden, was brought for examination before Sir Robert Taylor, and other magistrates.
When a point of a singular nature was argued, touching the charge exhibited against the prisoner, whether they could consider him standing on the ground of his apprehension, or on a charge made after in the night book of the watch house.
It was contended, with much clearness and good argument, by Mr. Morgan, on the part of the Crown, that the prisoner stood there on the ground of his apprehension, which was, (on a warrant granted by John Hale, Esq.) that the prisoner had most viofently assaulted a peace officer; which charge he came prepared with evidence fully to fubftantiate. It was said by a Mr. Claridge, that the prisoner stood on the charge of felony, it having been so ftated on the charge book of the watch-house.
The constable who apprehended the prisoner was then examined, who swore, that he was knocked down, and his pocket picked of the warrant as he was conducting the prisoner to the watch-honse, and that he knew not any part of the contents of the warrant; but understanding his prisoner being one of the rioters, charged him in custody as a felon. Justice Hale allured Sir Robert Taylor, that the charge contained in the warTant he had issued against the prisoner at their bar, and which he himself
delivered to the conftable, contained no other charge than that of violently assaulting Benjamin Nash, a peace officer, in the execution of his duty. However, Sir Robert Taylor insisted on their going on the charge exhibited in the watch book, which, though they then had not brought all their evidence to support, yet, in the examination of two persons, such evidence appeared, as obliged the Bench to commit the prisoner at the bar for further examination, on Monday morning, to answer the charge of a suspicion of wilful murder exhibited against him.
ADVERTISEMENT. To the Free and Independent Electors of the City and Liberty
of Weftininster. Gentlemen, Impressed with the deepest sense of the many obligations I am under to the inhabitants of this great city, and particularly to the unremitting ardour of the several Committees,
through this long and unparalleled Election, permit me to offer my unfeigned thanks to those Gentlemen who have honoured me with their fuffrages, and to assure them that nothing will obliterate the warmth of gratitude I feel for the many favours conferred on me; at the same time they may
rest assured, that it will be my greatest pride to support their rights both in and out of Parliament,
I am, Gentleman,
With the greatest respect, Dover-street,
Your inost obliged and obedient humble servant, May 17, 1784.
To the Free and Independent Electors of the City and Liberties
of Westminster. Gentlemen, Words cannot express the sense I entertain of the many obligations I am under to those who have so zealoully stood forth the champions of the dearest rights of English
I can with the greatest confidence affert, that when the business of this Election shall be fully investigated by a Scrutiny, your fuffrages will be found to have seated me in conjunction with my worthy colleague, Lord Hood, the legal Representative of this great and respectable city.
I am, Gentlemen,
With the greatest respect, Great George-street,
Your obliged and obedient humble servant, May 17, 1784.
A D V E R T I SE M E N T.
Wood's Hotel, Covent Garden.
A Monthly Meeting of the Independent Electors of the City and and Liberty of Westminster, in the interest of Lord Hood and Sır Cecil Wray, Bart. will be held this day, (May 20,) at seven o'clock in the evening, at Wood's Hotel, Covent Garden.
Lord HOOD and Sir Cecil WRAY, in the Chair.
Mr. John Jackson
J. P. ATKINSON, Secretary.
Wood's Hotel, May 18, 1784. Yesterday at three o'clock, on the proclaination being finally read for cloling the poll, and there not appearing any Electors to give their votes for either of the Candidates, the High Bailiff was about to put an end to the Election, by declaring the numbers, when Sir Cecil Wray addressed him in the following terms:
SIR, “ Being perfectly convinced that in the course of this Election many illegal votes have 4 been admitted, I do demand a ferutiny.
“ If, Sir, it fhall appear from a fair investigation of the votes, that a majority of e legal Electors have polled for Mr. Fox, I shall be very happy that this city will be
represented by the man of their choice; if, on the contrary, that a majority shall be * in my favour, I mall demand the right given me by the city of ieftminster."
In consequence of this requisition, the several Candidates, accompanied by their respective counsel and friends, adjourned from the Huftings to the Veftry-room, where Mr. Fox opened the business, by ftating the extreme impropriety there would be in the High Bailiff granting a fcrutiny, as he was a minifterial, and not a judicial officer; in avhich capacity he could only be bound to inake bis return conformable to the ofensible ftate of the poll. Independent of this situation, even the pressing exigency of the occafion required, that an immediate return should be made, for the date of the precept was within a day of expiring. In addition to this argument, founded on the professional
character of the High Bailiff, Mr. Fox shewed himself learned in the law, by adducing several statutes, which pointed out the duty of the Returning Officer in controversial cases. These statutes, Mr. Fox contended, applied fo precifely to the business of the day, as not to be evaded by any
But the Right Honourable Candidate further contended, that there were penal statutes 'which restricted the High Bailiff from granting a scrutiny in circumstances like the present; the mulet inflicted by those statutes was considerable; and besides the fine, in tlie Coventry case, where the High Bailiff being called before the House of Commons, for, not making a return within the specified time, he received a very severe repriinand.
There were other cases in which the High Bailiff had been sent to Newgate; and Mr. Fox very decently observed, “ that he hoped a similar fate would attend the High Bailiff, " should he not discharge his duty in the present case, by returning him to Parliament."
Besides these intimidations, Mr. Fox descanted on the nature and operation of actions at -law; he fewed in how many cases they had been instituted against a returning officer; and that the damages recovered had amounted to ten thousand pounds; a friendly hint was at the same time given, that the High Bailiff might have every reafon to apprehend the commencement and prosecution of actions of this nature.
Mr. Fox having thus by every terrific argument in the power of his eloquence, endeavoured to persuade the High Bailiff not to grant a scrutiny, Mr. Recorder Adair, exchanging the seat of justice for the bar of pleading, went over the same ground that Mr. Fox had done, and seemed to leave as faint an impression on the minds of the auditors. Mr. Fowler Walker then combated every argument of Mr. Fox, which bore the least relation to legal knowledge; and he more particularly demonstrated, that the High Bailiff was not merely a ministerial officer, because he was fworn to make such a return to Parliament as his judgment should direct, the exercise therefore of his judgment constituted him to all intents and purposes a judicial officer; and as such, granting a scrutiny agreeable to the requisition, was a matter to which he was perfectly competent.