Lord George Cavendish against it. At length the question was put on the order of the day : Ayes

80 Noes



Majority Mr. Baker's motions was then put and carried without a division. Mr. Erskine then moved the following Resolution :

Ref ved, “ That it is necessary to the most essential interests of the kingdom, “ and peculiarly incumbent to this House, to pursue with unremitting “ attention the confideration of a suitable remedy for the abuses which “ have prevailed in the Government of the British dominions in the “ East Indies, and that this House will consider as an enemy to his

country, any person who shall presume to advise his Majesty to prevent, or any manner interrupt, the discharge of this important duty.” The House divided, For the motion

137 Against it


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Majority December 19:] This day the following Officers of State were commanded by his Majesty to resign their respective employments, viz. Lord North, Mr. Fox, the Duke of Portland, Colonel Fitzpatrick, Lord Stormont, Lord Cholmondeley, and Lord Ludlow, &c. &c.

The ADJOURNMENT. December 19.] Mr. Baker, understanding that it was the intention of a certain gentleman, that the House should sit on Satụrday, contrary to their usual mode of proceeding, observing that he had his objections to admitting a measure fo contrary to the established rule of Parliament, and therefore he moved, “ that the House should, at its

rising, adjourn until Monday.”

Mr. Dundas objected to Monday, and proposed an adjournment only till to-morrow, to proceed to the Land-tax bill.

Mr. Fox, in a speech of considerable length, argued with his usual ability in favour of the proposition for adjourning until Monday, and observed, that “ rumours were sent abroad, confeffedly to declare the



C 2

interference of the Crown with a bill under consideration of Parlia. ment; and those rumours were corroborated by not one person, friend or relation, standing up to disavow their truth, or to clear the high characters which were charged with the criminality. The aların had spread, and was now grown of the most serious nature indeed. The Ministry was changed, the Constitution was violated—not in the change of that Ministry, but in the mode by which it was effected. A little bit of paper handed from a certain person to a certain person, and held up in the House of Lords, set the representative body of England at defiance. The Commons, alarmed for their privileges, appear determined to support themselves against all such arbitrary proceedings, and seeing the little phalanx raised against them, and headed by, in their own House, a rath young man, they consider, and must consider, themselves bound by every tie to their country, every regard to their constituents, and every love to their Sovereign, to stand up in their own defence, affert their rights, and save the empire. The advisers acted in secret, as they ever have done, and pursued one invariable line of continual condemnation to the system of liberty.”—The House being very clamorous, the question was put, and the gallery cleared'; but, on the Ayes for Mr. Dundas's motion being desired to go outside the bar, and there appearing of about 300 members but 50 inclinable to support the Ministry, Mr. Dundas withdrew his motion, and left Mr. Fox and his friends to enjoy a complete victory over this first parliamentary effort of the new AdminiItration. The House then adjourned to Monday.

RESIGNATION OF EARL TEMPLE. December 22.) Mr. Grenville (brother to Earl Temple) begged to call the attention of the House for a few moments, in a matter that nearly concerned his noble relation. The vote passed on Friday night (Dec. 19.] by the House, so far as it respected the character of Lord Temple, was of a very serious consideration. Menaces had been personally applied, which carried with them such an avowed and open attack on the noble Lord, that it was become indispensibly requisite to take up the subject by the nobleman to whom they were applied. Lord Temple therefore waited on his Sovereign, and resigned into his hands those feals of office, with which he had been lately intrusted; and he did this, that the House of Commons and the world might see he in


tended not to avail himself under the dignity or influence of office, to prevent investigation of his public conduct, or that the name of Secretary of State fhould screen him for any action he had committed as a private man.

Mr. Fox replied, that if the honourable gentleman had been in his place, and attended to what had passed on the occasion alluded to, he would have found that there was not any such thing as a menace held out. There was a conversation, indeed, about an enquiry into the state of the nation ; a rumour that some person, not ostensible in office, had given improper advice to his Majesty ; but that the charge laid against the supposed criminal could not be brought by legal evidence home to a conviction of the fact, although there was a general concurrence of matters, uncontradicted by the noble Lord's friends, which left not, in the minds of the House and the public, a single doubt but things were as they had been represented. It being evident that the guilt could not be brought home in legal form, the poble relation of the Honourable Gentleman derived no great merit in seeking a trial undivested of the honours and the influence of office. It was not, therefore, to be supposed that the Earl's resignation of the feals of office, in the slightest instance, was to be admitted as an evidence in favour of his innocence; nor should it prevent the business of the day, or alter the purpose for which the House met. It was not for the noble Lord to send this message down to the Commons that he had resigned; for that would prove of little consequence, either in respect to the rumour that had gone abroad, or in respect to the Address to the Throne, which would be moved, if the House went into a Committee. There was one certain road to innocence, and that was an open denial of the charge. Let the noble Lord come forward, and on his honour declare that he did not advise, and then the House and the Public would acquit him: but the manoeuvre of the resignation of his office, was no proof that he was not guilty of that which was laid to his charge.

A motion was then made by Mr. Erskine for an Address to his Majesty, advising him not to prorogue or dissolve the Parliament,which, on the question being put, was carried without a division.

December 24.] The following Address, as moved in the House of Commons, was this day presented by the Speaker, &c. to his Majesty in the drawing-room at St. James's.


“ That his Majesty's most dutiful and loyal subjects, the Commons “ of Great Britain, in Parliament assembled, think themselves bound “ in duty humbly to represent to his Majesty, that alarming reports “ of an intended dissolution of Parliament have


forth. “ That his Majesty's faithful Commons, acknowledging the wif“ dom of the conititution, in trusting to the Crown that just and

legal prerogative, and fully confiding in his Majesty's Royal wis“ doin and paternal care of his people, for the most beneficial exercise “s of it, defire, with great humility, to represent to his Majesty the so inconveniencies and dangers which appear to them, from a conside" ration of the state of the nation, likely to follow from a prorogation “ or diffolution of the Parliament, in the present arduous and critical

conjuncture of public affairs. The maintenance of the public cre“ dit, and the support of the revenue, demand the most immediate "s attention. The disorders prevailing in the government of the East66 Indies, at home and abroad, call aloud for instant reformation; and “ the state of the East India Company's finances, from the presting “ demands on them, require a no less immediate support and aslistance 66 from Parliament.

• That his Majesty's faithful Commons are at present proceeding “ with the utmost diligence upon these great objects of government, “ as recommended to their attention by his gracious speech from the

Throne, but which must necessarily be frustrated and disappointed “ by the delay attending a diffolution, and most especially the affairs “ of the East Indies, by the assembling of a new Parliament, not pre

pared, by previous enquiry, to enter with equal effect upon an ob, ject involving long and intricate details, which his Majesty's faith, “ ful Commons have investigated for two years past, with the most “ laborious, earnest, and unremitting attention.

“ That his Majesty's faithful Commons, deeply affected by these

important considerations, impressed with the highest reverence and “ affection for his Majesty's person and government, and anxious to

preserve the lustre and safety of his government, do humbly beseech “ to suffer his faithful Commons to proceed on the business of the

session, the furtherance of which is so essentially necessary to the

prosperity of the public; and that his Majesty will be graciously « pleated to hearken to the advice of his faithful Commons, and not to the secret advices of persons who may have private interests of

66 their

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“ their own, separate from the true interest of his Majesty and his people.” To which his Majesty returned the following answer:

“ It has been my constant object to employ the authority entrusted “to me by the constitution, to its true and only end—the good of “ my people; and I am always happy in concurring with the wishes “ and opinions of my faithful Commons. agree with you

in thinking that the support of the public cre“ dit-and revenue, must demand your most earnest and vigilant care. “ The state of the East-Indies is also an object of as much delicacy “ and importance, as can exercise the wisdom and justice of Parlia“.ment,

I trust you will proceed in those considerations, with all “ convenient speed, after such an adjournment as the present circum“ stånces may leem to require. And I assure you I shall not interrupt

your meeting by any exercise of my prerogative, either of prorogation or dissolution.

The House of Commons having adjourned until the 12th of January, the order of the day, to enter on the state of the nation, being called for, a debate took place; and on the question being put there appeared, Ayes

232 Noes


Majority against the Ministry : 39 The Speaker having quitted the chair, the House went into a Comon the state of the nation.

Mr. Hussey, Chairman.

Mr. Fox, after a short preface, stating the necessity of coming to some specific resolution to prevent the present Ministry from making an improper use of their power the short time they had to exist, moved,

“ That it was the opinion of the Committee, that any person in “ his Majesty's Treasury, Exchequer, Pay Office, Bank of England,

or any person 'whatever, entrusted with the public money, pay“ ing away, or causing to be paid, any, sum or sums of money, “ voted for the service of the present year, in cate of a diffolution or

prorogation of Parliament, before a bill, or bills, were brought in “ for the appropriation of such sums, would be guilty of a high

66 crime

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