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consist of a Governor or President, and Counsellors only, of whom the Come mander in Chief in the said several settlements for the time being Mall be one, having the like precedence in Council as in the Presidency of Fort William in Bengal. And be it further enacted, that from and after
the nomination and appointment of the several Commanders in Chief in the said Presidencies or fettlements of Fort William, Madras, or Bombay, shall be, and the same are hereby vested in his Majesty, his heirs and successors, any law, usage, or custom, to the contrary notwithstanding
And be it further enacted, That it shall and may be lawful for his Majesty, his heirs and successors, to nominate and appoint any person or persons to succeed to the fajd office of Commander in Chief in the said several Presidencies or settlements; and the perfons fo nominated and appointed shall respectively fucceed to the faid offices of Commanders in Chief respectively, in like manner as if they had been appointed upon or after a vacancy or vacancies.
Provided always, and be it enacted, That the persons to be appointed to succeed to the office or place of Commander in Chief in the faid Presidencies or settlements, upon any vacancy thereof respectively as aforesaid, shall and may, if his Majesty, his heirs or successors, shall by such appointment so direct, have military command and authority next and immediately after the Commander in Chief of such' Presidencies or settlements respectively.
And be it further enacted, That it fhall and may be lawful to and for the King's Majesty, his heirs and fucceffors, by any writing or instrument under his or their Sign Manual, countersigned by the faid Secretary of State, to remove or recall the present future Governor-General of Fort William at Bengal, or any of the Members of the Council of Fort William aforesaid, or any of the Governors or Presidents, and Members of the Councils, of the Presidencies or fettlements of Fort St. George and Bombay, or of any other British settlement in India, for the time being; and to vacate and make void all and every or any appointment or appointments, as well absolute as provisional, of any person or persons to any of the offices or places as aforesaid; and that all and every the powers and authorities of the respective perfons fo removed or recailed, or whose appointment shall be fo vacated, fall ceafe and determine, at or from such relpective time or times as in the said writing or writings shall be expressed and directed :------Provided always, that a duplicate or copy
a duplicate or copy of every fuch writing, attested by the faid Secretary of State for the time being, Thall, within
days after the fame shall be signed by his Majesty, his heirs, or successors, be transmitted or delivered, by the said Secretary of State, unto the Chairman or Deputy Chairman for the time being, of the said United Company, to the intent that the Court of Directors of the said Company may be apprized thereof.
And be it further enacted, That whenever any vacancy or vacancies of the office of Governor-General or President, or of any Member of the Council (other than the Commander in Chief) shall happen in any of the Presidencies aforesaid, either by death, resignation, or recall, as aforesaid, then, and in such case, the Court of Directors of the said United Company shall proceed to nominate and appoint a fit person or perfons to supply such vacancy or vacancies, subject to the approbation of his Majesty, his heirs, and fucceffors; and within days next after ay such nomination and approbation shall be made, the faine (hall be signified, by the Chairman or Deputy Chairman of the said Court of Directors, to his Majesty, his heirs, or fucceffors; and in cafe his Majesty, his heirs, or successors, shall approve the said nomination and appointment, then the person or persons so nominated shall be constituted and appointed to the office or place, offices or places, for which he or they shall have been so respeively nominated, and shall fo continue, from the time of his or their taking the fame upon
him or them, until he or they Mall resign the same, or be removed or recalled therefrom by his Majesty, his heirs, or successors, and so toties quoties : And in case the perion or persons fo nominated and appointed by the faid Court of Directors, shall not be approved by his Majesty, his heirs, or fucceffors, then, within days after his Majesty, his heirs, or successors, shall have caused to be signified to the Chairman or Deputy Chairman of the Court of Directors, that his Majetty, his heirs, or successors, doth or do not apprové of such person or persons, the said Court fall proceed to nominate and appoint some other person or persons to the faid office or place, offices or places, refpretively, fubject to the approbation or disallowance of his Majesty, his heirs, anrl fucceitors, in fuch and in the fame manner as is herein-before directed or prescribed, and fo totiis quoties, until fome person or perfons shall be nominated and appointed, who thall be approved by his Majesty, his heirs, or successors.
Provided always, and be it further enacted, That in case, and so often as the Court of Directors thall not, within the space of to be computed from the day whereon the notification of the vacancy, or of his Majesty's disapprobation of any person by them nominated as aforesaid, shall have been received by the said Court of Directors, proceed to fupply the fame, then and in any such case, and so often as the same shall happen, it shall be lawful for his Majesty, his heirs and fucceffors, to constitute and appoint, by writing under his or their Royal Sign Manual, such person or persons as his Majesty, his heirs and successors, shall think proper, to succeed to and supply the respective office or place, offices or places, so vacant, or from which any person or perfons shall be fo recalled or removed, or whose appointment or appointments shall have been vacated and made void as aforesaid; and that every person or persons, so conítituted and appointed, shall have and be invested with the fame powers, privileges, and authorities, as if he or they had been nominated and appointed by the said Court of Directors, and approved by his Majesty, his heirs and successors.
And be it further enacted, That no resignation to be made of the offices of the Governor General, or Governor or President of any of the subordinate settlements, or Commander in Chief, or Member of the respective Councils of the said Presidencies in India, thall be deemed or construed to be legal or valid, or Thall be accepted as luch, unless the same be made by an instrument in writing under the hand and seal of the officer or person resigning the fame.
And be it further enacted, That no order or resolution of any General Court of the Proprietors of the said United Company shall be available to revoke or rescind, or in any respect to affect, any act, order, resolution, matter, or proceeding, of the said Court of Directors, by this act directed or authorized to be made or done by the said Court, after his Majesty's pleasure shall have been signified upon the faine, in the inanner herein-before directed, any law or usage to the contrary notwithstanding.
And be it further enacted, That so much and such parts of an act, made in the twenty-first year of the reign of his present Majesty, as directs the Court of Directors of the said United Company to deliver to the Commisfioners of the Treafury, or to the High Treasurer for the time being, or to one of his Majesty's Principal Secretaries of State, copies of any letters or orders relating to the management of the revenues, or the civil and military affairs of the said Company; and also all such powers and authorities given to or vested in Proprietors and Directors of the said United Company, or in any General or Special Court thereof respectively, in and by any act of Parliament, or Charter, as are contrary or repugnant to this act, or any thing therein contained, shall be, and the same are hereby discontinued, for and during the continuance of this act, any thing contained in any such act or charter, or any custom or ufage to the contrary notwithitanding.
And be it further enacted, That this act shall take place and have commencement, in Great Britain, immediately after
and shall take place and have commencement, in the several Presidencies aforesaid, and in the territories thereunto belonging, from the
and shall remain and continue in force for the space of years.
And be it further enacted, That this act shall be deemed and taken to be a public act.
Mr. Fox rose, and after stating to the House, that the necessity of the times called for something speedily to be done for the government of India, concluded with moving, “ that leave be given to bring in a “ bill for the better government of India.”
Sir Grey Cooper seconded the motion.
Leave was given, and Mr. Fox was ordered to prepare and bring in the same.
January 26.] Mr. Eden moved the following Resolution:
« That it is the opinion of this House, That his Majesty's Answer “ contained assurances, upon which the House firmly relied, that his
Majesty would not, by prorogation or dissolution of Parliament,
interrupt the House in their considerations of proper measures for “ retrieving the affairs of the East India Company, and for supporting “ the public credit and revenues of the kingdom, objects which his
Majesty, in his said most gracious Answer, had declared to be, in “ his opinion, such as demand the immediate and unremitting atten« tion of Parliament."
Mr. Marsham seconded this motion.
Mr. Pitt, after declaring the motion improper, and diffenting from it, said, “ Gentlemeny might set their minds at ease, for he did not
give, nor meant to give any advice to his Majesty to disolve the present « Parliament."
The question was then put, and carried without a division. A Coalition of Parties having been expe&ted to be formed, the following
authentic Account is given of the Proceedings at the St. Alban's Tavern.
On January the 26th, a meeting was held at the St. Alban's Tavern, for the purpose of recommending an union of parties, when an Address was agreed to and signed by fifty-three Měmbers of the House
of Commons, and presented by a Committee to the Duke of Portland and the Right Honourable William Pitt. The purport of the Address was as follows:
“ WE whose names are hereunto signed, Members of the House “ of Commons, being fully persuaded that the united efforts of those “ in whose integrity, abilities, and constitutional principles we have “ reaton to contide, can alouc rescue this country from its present so distracted state, do join in most earnestly intreating them to com" municate with each other on the arduous situation of public 5. affairs, trusting that by a liberal and unreferved intercourse between them, every impediment may be removed to a cordial
Co-opera“ tion of great and respectable characters, acting on the fame public
principles, and intitled to the support of independent and dis" interested men.
“ And we depute the Honourable Thomas Grosvenor, the Honour“ able Charles Marsham, Sir William Lemon, and Thomas Powys, Esq. " to present this Representation and Requisition to his Grace the Duke “ of Portland, the Right Honourable Lord John Cavendish, the Right “ Honourable William Pitt, and the Right Honourable Charles James " Fox, in our names.
To which the following answers were returned :
The Duke of Portland returned for anfier :-" That he should - think himself happy in obeying the commands of fo respectable a
meeting ; but the greatest difficulty to him, and he imagines ss still greater to Mr. Pitt, was Mr. Pitt's being in office.”
Mr. Pitt's answer was ;-" That he will be ready to pay attention " to the commands of so respectable a meeting, and co-operate with “ their wishes, to form a stronger and more extended administration, “ if the same can be done with principle and honour."
On Tuesday the 27th, the gentlemen met at the said tavern, when there appeared to be seventy members, and the above answers being read, they came to the following resolutions :
Refolved, “ That the thanks of this meeting be given to his Grace the Duke “ of Portland, and the Right Honourable William Pitt, for the atten“ tion they have respectively declared themselves ready to pay to the “ requisitions presented to them in our names.
Resolved Secondly, “ That in anxious expectation of a cordial co-operation of great and * refpectable characters acting on the same public principles, we beg
« leave to express our most earnest with, that some explanation may be « had between the Duke of Portland and Mr. Pitt on any difficulty in « that way of confidential intercourse."
Refolved Thirdly, “ That we do not presume to point out the mode in which such “ mutual explanation may be obtained, studiously avoiding any in "s terference on our part, which may impede or counteract whatever
steps are taken towards that communication which it is our object to effect.”
Resolved Fourthly, " That the Chairman be desired to communicate the Resolutions to C6 his Grace of Portland and Mr. Pitt.“
The Resolutions being communicated to Mr. Pitt, he returned the following answer :
“ Mr. Pitt having received from so respectable a meeting an inti“ mation of their wishes, that some explanation may be had between " the Duke of Portland and himself, on any difficulties in the way “ of confidential intercourse, begs to assure Mr. Grosvenor (the Chair* man) that there are no difficulties on his part in the
of “ immediate intercourse with the Duke of Portland on the subject of “ an union, consistent with honour and principle, which he agrees “ with the gentlemen of the meeting in thinking of the greatest im
portance in the present state of the country. If, on his Grace's
part, there are any objections to such intercourse, Mr. Pitt wishes “ to have them ftated, and will immediately give a direct answer 61 with regard to them.”
The Duke of Portland returned the following answer addressed to the Chairman : SIR,
Devon-House, Thursday, January, 29, 1784. " As
you have so very obligingly communicated to me the assurances you have received from Mr. Pitt, that there are no difficulties on “ his part in the way of an immediate intercourse between him and
me on the subject of an union of parties, and that he is ready to give an immediate and direct answer to any objections which I
may have to such intercourse,' my sincere inclination to concur in • the wishes of the very respectable meeting, of which “ worthily fill the chair; and my anxious desire to see such an Ad“ ministration formed, upon a folid and secure basis, as may restore " harmony to this distracted empire, and may be entitled to a con