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“ which the scrutiny cash will finally stick. My notions of your Grace's generous and “ dignified way of thinking make me perfectly ealy upon this subject, as far as your “ Grace is concerned.
« I have the honour to be, &c. &c." N. B. It is a standing toast at Wood's—The Duke of N-d, and his 535 beggars.
May 10.] It is necessary to inform the unpolled Electors of Westminster, in the interest of Mr. Fox, that the High Bailiff intends, if possible, to close the poll this day, at three o'clock, after which time they will not possibly have the power of giving their suffrages in support of the Constitutional Guardian of the People's Rights.
A correspondent is at a loss to learn, and wishes to know, how a scrutiny is to be su ted throughout, that depends on contingencies and the precarious issue of fubscriptions, and to reconcile a fpirit becoming Englishmen, with the humiliating applications of needy beggars. The knight of the pettle and mortar, or the prating peer froin the banks of the Liffy, are requested to explain these jarring productionis.
A correspondent obferves, that at the close of the poll, it is usual for the Court Candidates to come forward to the front of the Hustings, and to show their inviolable attachinent to the cause, to take each other by the hand. They were on Saturday fo clofely linked, that, what with the cadaverous countenance of the lofing Candidate, with the multitude of spectators gathered around them, it brought to lwis recollection the melancholy spectacle of the unfortunate convicts taking leave of each other at the place of execution.
Kirkwall, Wick, &c. for which Mr. Fox is returned, are principally in the intere of Sir Thomas Dundas. Wick is a small sea port on the east side of Caithness; Kirkwall is the principal place in the Orkneys,
The mean attempts made to injure the reputation of those virtuous female characters, who have patriotically espoused the cause of the defenders of the liberties of their country, are surely as ridiculous as they are unmanly and unbecoming. Ancient states and governments, remarkable for their wisdom, fortitude, integrity, and fuccess, very judiciously encouraged a spirit of public virtue among their women. As then illustrious Princesses and distinguished patriots have not been wanting in England as much as in other nations, as they have shown abilities equal to the task of policy and governiment, and as they are or ought to be like the men, the most free in the world, what man that loves the fex, or respects liberty, can object to being canvassed by a British beauty?
6 I can create, said a King of England, a thousand lords at my pleasure, but I cannot « make one honest man.” The prerogative Minister is engaged in manufacturing the first mentioned class of men; and a future Premier, it is hoped, will ere long, thow us ane of the latter !
A blunt political writer fays, it was much more honourable to be a Member of Parliament in former than in present times; but it was not so profitable. Does any man buy without a view of selling ? and how are the buyers of seats in Parliament to reimburse themselves, but out of the plunder of a wretched and almost bankrupt nation « D--n s you and your instructions (faid a worthy Member, in answer to fome requisitious os from his constituents) I have bought you, and I will fill you by G4"
The cultivation of the Belles Letters seem to belong to the Irays of England, just as the Polite Sciences have been fostered by the Rouffeau's in France. And although Sir Gecil is adınitted to be a first rate scholar, yet in the expressions of Lingo, there is a namesake who takes the lead of the Baronet, and is “ a master of scholars."-In proof of this we
subjoin the following sign inscription, nailed on a tree at the corner of a lane, near Kenfington :-“ I teeches larning at Sics pence a Weak, eache Parson.-Nick. Wray.
A certain Great Person was very much against dissolving, but the influence of the Secret Committee carried the day, and the effects are what the people have woefully experienced.
Many a tradesman rues the day the Parliament was dissolved—and many a statute of Bankruptcy will that faine diffolution occasion.
Should Mr. Pitt come over before the meeting of Parliament, and that Mr. Fox in consequence had a majority, Parliament will no doubt be again diffolved, and the sense of the people taken on the change.
May 11.) After the close of the poll yesterday for Westminster, an affray happened at Covent Garden. It seems, there had been summoned an extraordinary number of Constables, from the Tower Hamlets, to keep the peace. At three o'clock all was peaceable and quiet; but in half an hour afterwards, when the business of the day was finished, a violent conflict took place between the constables and the inob; the former of which were driven out of the Garden down King-street. At four o'clock, Mr. Justice Wilmot brought up a detachment of the guards, who, after twice or thrice parading from Wood's Hotel to the corner of Henrietta-street (headed by a few constables) seized on the butchers who attend with inarrow-bones and cleavers, and conducted them to Hood and Wray's Committee Room. Mr. Elliot, the High Constable, several of the peace officers, and many of the mob, were very much bruised and wounded. The Guards were attending late last night.
Every friend to humanity must undoubtedly feel the deepest regret at the fatal consequences of the riot of yesterday in Covent Garden. The loss of a fellow creature by popular violence, ought to fufpend every operation of party attachment, and induce all people to unite in the most zealous endeavours to prevent such dreadful excesses in future. But, however deeply we may lament a circumstance so dreadful, we ought not to suppress the dictates of indignation, or remain deaf to the demands of justice, when we find that these shocking events are not the natural effects of public assemblies, but the consequences of a settled plan to disturb the peace, foment mischiefs of the most alarining kind, and familiarize a species of interference which the people of this country have always beheld with a jealous eye. That occasions may arife, in which military interposition may be absolutely necessary for the preservation of peace, and the security of government, no man can deny; but surely the most venal abettors of Court despotisin can never have the hardiness to say, that there was any thing in the complexion of the people who were assembled round the Hustings yeiterday, that could justify the appearance of Justice Wilmot with his furious band of legal ruffians, and the conicquent reinforcement of the guards! The business of the day was conducted in the ufua! manner, and no other buttle attended the poll than imight naturally be expected, till the above Magistrate and his corps appeared, whe, the moment of their arrival, evidentiy showed, that the sole purpote for which they came was to pick a quarrel, in order to call in the military, for what end it is not difficult to conceive, fince the whole proceedings of the Ministry, during the Election, live been to ellet the most arbitrary measures, and to leave no effort unexerted that might tend to counternet the wishes of the people. Let us, however, hope, that now murder has been the coniequence of their indecent interference, they will futter the Election to terininate quietly, and rot inark their defeat with characters of blood.
A correspondent, wlio was present at the riot yesterday, assures us, that there riever was a more audacious and unprincipled plot to destroy the freedoin of Election, and Atrike at the liberties of this country, as this will come out to have been. The poll was
proceeding peaceably, though triumphantly, for the popular Candidate, no appearance of riot las existed for days past; yet this is the time cholen by the courtly Lord Lt of the county, to convene together the Magistrates of Westminster, and they are directed to take vigorous measures to keep the peace; in consequence of this, a body of desperate men are hired, and constable's staves put into their hands, notwithstanding the remonftrances of the real pence officers, who declare that no such assistance is neceifary, and that nothing but riot can follow. These men accordingly attack and infult Mr. Fox's friends ;-an affray ensues, upon which they fly like cowards. The third regiment of guards kept in readiness with loaded muskets, are then brought forward. The houses of Mr. I'ox's friends are forcibly entered, and after an indiscriminate feizure, a complete military government is established on the spot which has ever been held facred to the exercite of our dearest franchises. But let the plotters and abettors, of this scheme of tyranny, beware. A prerogative Adini-ft-n may dare much, but there are things which Englithmen will not endure.
The poll, fay the Court Sycophants, was expected to be closed yesterday, and therefore fome precautions were neceffary for the prefervation of the peace. This, no doubt, very pacifically accounts for the independent Electors in the interest of Mr. Fox being knocked down, in the front of the Huftings, by Justice Wilmot's new levied banditti, which he calls conftables, taking up fixteen innocent men for a riot, those very conAtables themselves set on foot; and all this, for the sole purpose of introducing the bayonets of the military with a better grace!
It is not a little remarkable, that the massacre of young Allen in St. George's Fields, in the year 1768, happened on the ioth of May: the murder was perpetrated by the third regiment of guards; the officer who commanded, was a Scots gentleman, of the name of Níurray. A letter, encouraging the troops to act with vigour and effect, was written by Lord IV iymouth, then Secretary of State, now Groon of the Stole to his Majesty. Yesterday, the roth of May, a letter was written by the Duke of Northumberland, Lord Lieutenant of the county of Middlesex, to the magistracy of Westminster, to defire and beg they would act with vigour and effect. Accordingly, a party of the third regiment of guards were under orders the whole day; and on the pretence of any existing riot, were to be marched into Covent Garden, under the command of a Scots gentlema, of the name of Johnione. Without the flighteit provocation on the part of the people, a musquet was discharged; but here, fortunately, the parallel ceases, as there appears to have wanted a victim to this inhuman and barbarous outrage; Mr. Justicc Wilmot therefore, must yield in point of authority to Mr. Justice Gillam, of notorious memory, though every one must do him the justice to believe that his intentions were equally luudable, although his exertions were not attended with equal effect !
It is known to be a facred principle in the British Constitution, if we have yet a free constitution to boast, that no troops Thould be suffered to remain in any city or borough during the time of Election; the city of Westminster is alone an exception to this rule, from the circumitance of its being the royal residence, and that the King's Guards are a necessary appendage to the Royal Perfon. But is this circumstance to authorize fo palpable, lo infamous, so outrageous, and so unconstitutional an invasion of the freedom of Election, as was yesterday perpetrated by the Magistracy of Westminster? The Magistracy of this city has long been a reproach to the very name of justice, and unless Tome gentlemen of character will step forward, upon the present occasion, and undertake the function of Magistracy; it is possible that we shall foon fee the inhabitants of this city delivered over to the controul of military power, by a set of the most abjeet miscreants under the denomination of Justices of the Peace, who have too long, under the pretent Lord Lieutenant of the county, disgraced the city of Westminster!
Lieutenant Colonel Johnstone who headed the detachment of the third regiment of foot guards on yesterday's ensanguined anniversary, displayed a genius proportioned to the honourable service of the day, and proved himself an able successor of the celebrated Captain Murray, who commanded the same corps at the massacre in St. George's Fields.
It is not a little extraordinary, when a warrant is out against a man for an offence, not bailable by law, that a gentleman of character should think hiinself at liberty to avow his knowledge of the offender's place of concealment, and even offer to the perfons engaged to protecute him, that he should, on condition of being examined before a particular Magistrate, surrender himself. Yet it is positively aflerted by a gentleman, who declares himself to have been present at the time, that the son of one of the Candidates for Westminster, was not ashamed to bring a formal meffage to Mr. Fox's Committee at the Shakespeare Tavern, offering that the Constable, who has abfconded, hould be forth coming, upon condition of being examined before a certain Magistrate. If this be true, the story does not tell much to the honour of the gentleman who brought the message, or the Magistrate, before whom the culprit, seems so peculiarly desirous of being examined.
In order to preserve the freedom of Election, as inviolate as possible, the aid of the military is no doubt neceffary. Our public places of amusement, the opera and theatres, were last night deprived of the usual party of guards; the foldiery being found necellary to attend to other tragedies besides those exhibited in the dramatić world!
A certain magistrate who has come forward on a recent occasion is so well informed in all legal points, that the inhabitants of Westminiter may consider themselves peculiarly fortunate in having such a chief in their municipal jurisdiction. From his extreme caution not to exceed the licence of magistracy, he lately wrote a billet to Mr. Evans the bookseller, for guidance on that head, of which the following is a copy:
« Mr. Evans, “ Sir, I expects soon to be call’d out on a Mergensy, so send me all the ax of par“ lyment re Latin to a Gustis of Piece. I am,
“ Yours to command, &c.
" GUSTIS WILMOT." As the intelligent part of the world are at present busily employed in forming opinions of the different exhibitions of paintings in this city, we think it will prove a gracification to our readers to be informed of an intended exhibition of political pictures, which will be opened for public inspection in a few days in St. Stephen's Chapel; the following are reported to be among the most striking subjeéts:
1. The Lava of Dispair, from Spencer, after the manner of Rembrandt hy Sir Cecil Wray. This artist has been particularly happy in his choice of a subject, the grouping of the objects that form the fore ground of the picture are fo characteristic and matural, that it is presumed the painter's inind was strongly impressed with that melancholy and distraction he has so ably depicted.
2. A Noli me tangere, drawn with a hot poker in the itile of Salvator Rafa by the Right Hon. W. Pitt.
The first eslays of this artist's pencil were purchased with an avidity that promised him a confiderable thare of profit and reputation, but unfortunately he has contracted a manner of colouring that will ultimately destroy both; his best friends have advised him to recur to his utual fimplicity of ftile, in which he united truth and harnony; but his mind has been of late lo far debauched by fervile flattery, that they perceive their good wishes to be ineffectual, as the prefumption of the young artist is evidently fuperior to his judgment.
3. Choræbus destroying the monster, from the Thebaid of Statius, a capital performance in imitation of Michael Angelo, by the Right Honourable Charles James Fox.
The grace and greatness so conspicuous in this picture will immortalize the artist's name, and be considered as a monument in future times of the amazing excellence of an individual that exifted and flourished in this age for the advantage and glory of his country : May 12.] Yesterday afternoon at five o'clock, Mr. Prickard, the coroner for the city and liberty of Westminster, with an inquest of the neighbouring inhabitants, met at Wood's Hotel, Covent Garden, to sit on the body of the conftable who died at one o'clock the fame morning, of the blows he received in an affray before the Huitings, at the clofe of the Poll on Monday last.
Messrs. J. Hunter and Sheldon, on examination of the body, found three of the ribs, on the left side, had been broken, and that the skull had been fractured near the right temple, which last wound, in their opinion, was the cause of his death.—A variety of evidence appeared on the occasion, most of whom came voluntarily to depose, that the unnecessary band of new made conftables, sent to the Huftings that day by Justice Wilmot, were the first promoters of the riot; and that at the head of these, was the unfortunate man deceased : but as a coroner's inquest feldoin enquire further than by ex parte evidence for the crown, what immediately relates to the death of the subject, this part of the evidence (most material when the affair is brought before a criminal court of judicature) though heard in fome measure, was but little attended to.—The evidence cloled about one o'clock this morning; and the coroner having given his charge, the inquet, after about half an hour's deliberation, brought in their verdict, 66 wilful murder by persons unknown:" in consequence of which, there is no doubt but the fixteen innocent and inoffenfive men, committed, as supposed acceslaries in the murder, will immediately be discharged.
About one o'clock — Kelly, Esq. one of his Majesty's justices of the peace for the county of Middlefex, came into the Hot-1, and ordered the celebrated Justice Wilmot into immediate custody, charging him with being an accessary before tbe fati, in the death of the unfortunate constable. Wilmot being secured, was carried before Mr. Hale, another magistrate then in the Hotel, who was employed in taking the information against him, when this paper went to press, respecting a charge which was likely to undergo a long investigation; what may be the issue thereof, we cannot furmise; but Mr. Kelly's charge certainly goes to prove, that Wilmot's ordering the riotous band of new made Niddli fex constables into the city of Wilminster, was contrary to the collective sense of the magistracy assembled at Guildhall, on Monday last, in confequence of the Duke of Northumberland's letter; and that he, Mr. K. had predicted to the said Wilmot, the fatal confequences that must inevitably happen, should he persist in his rash, and ill-advised project.
A large detachment of the Horse and Foot and Horse Grenadier Guards, under the command of Colonels Sir George Osborne and Thomas, took post round the Hotel about seven o'clock in the evening, and remained there the whole night, without the smallest appearance of any riotous or tumultuous assembly during the day or evening : the orders for this constitutional service it seems were issued immediately from Sir George Yonge, the Secretary at War!
It has been usual with men, who hy their imprudencies, have reduced their finances, to feel their friends by secret applications, before they ventured publicly to announce their dutreffes. Prudence should have directed the Wooden Cominittee to have tried the