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wary Dukes to supply the wilcy beggars with the needful, e're they had ventured to expose their poornets in spirit, as well as in purse, to carry on a scrutiny.
A correspondent is forry to inform the public, that the Chairman of the Ways ard Means at Wood's Hotel, by the increase of the adversary's Poll, and the heat of the weather, from a puft up ftate, ready to burst the feams of his coat, has discovered with. in these few days luch strong symptoms of a consumptive habit, as to require, in addition to his own, the physical aid and asistance of Dr. Jelly, to present a total decay. It gives our correspondent concern to add, that the Chairman's mental faculties seem much impaired, and as it is supposed, that there alarming maladies of mind and body have been increafed by v xation, disappointment, and distress, it is earnestly hoped, that all well-difpofed Christians will contribute by their prayers and charitable donations, to restore him to his pristine state.
The Secretary at W- is to bring a Bill into Parliament to make it legal for his Majesty's army, or militia, to attend by detatchments at the Hullings in London, Middlesex, Coventry, Weltminster, and York, to prevent unlawful tumults and keep the peace during the Poll. And from this we are to fuppole, that the army will shortly after surround the House of Commons when any popular measure is agitated. The people at this moment are ripe to receive any act against their antient rights, of which they now seem to be heartily tired.
Extraat of a letter from Kirkwall, April 26. “ This day came on the Election of a Meinber for the northern district of the boroughs in Scotland, when the delegates from the towns of Wick and Dornock voted for John Sinclair, Esq. late Member for Caithness, and since returned for Loftwithiel, in Cornwall; and the delegates from Tain, Dingwall, and Kirkwall, for the Right Hon. Charles James Fox, upon which Mr. Fox was declared duly elected. Objections, however, were stated to the delegates from Kirkwall and Dingwall; and it was farther contended, that Mr. Fox, not being a qualified burgess in any of the towns, was confiquently ineligible; from which it is supposed, that the merits of the Election will yet undergo the confideration of a Committee."
The dreadful facrifices of St. George's Fields and Brentford Election, which can never be forgotten by the people of this country, and the abhorrence that will eternally be felt against the administration that promoted them, might have taught men who have the management of the state at this period, what shocking effects are frequently produced by the interference of government in popular assemblies. While the people are left to themselves, if they quarrel, a few bloody noses are the usual effects of their dilsention; but as soon as ihe magistracy make a bustle, there is generally created an occalion for military interposition, the tumult then assumes a more formidable aspect, and the lives of the subject is the consequence of an attempt to keep the peace !
The avidity with which the present Ministry seized the opportunity of filling the metropolis with military on pretence of quelling riots, which only existed in the purlieus of Covent Garden, and for an hour after the Election, is a specimen of what lúe may expect from a young prerogative Minister; and it behores the friends of liberty and freedom to watch, with a steady eye, the manæuvres of the secret influence, which first procures the execution of a number of conftables, under pretence of reftraining a riot, and then instruct them to occasion one, merely to give pretence for an introduction of the military.
Facts are incontestible. It is a fact that thero were two hundi'ed confiables extraordinary in the field on Monday. It is a fact that a number of men were inade confiables on that day, and were paid for their attendance. It is a fact that this body of conftables commenced hostilities, and made the riot, thougly it is their office to keep
the peace. It is a fact that they did not act against the mob in general, but against the partizans of Mr. Fox only.---It is a fact that there were three conitables for one man of any other description in the garden. It is a fact that notwithstanding this fuperiority of the civil power, the trading Justice called in a military force.The conclusions are obvious.
Major 14- threatened to charge the gentle and tender-hearted Miss Keppel, with aiding and abetting the riot, becaule when a poor old man was knocked down under the window where she stood, she, with her usual sympathy, shed a tear, and begged some of the attendants to take him away, that he might not be trampled to death!
Lord Robert Spencer narrowly escaped being killed on Monday evening by a soldier, who, not knowing his Lordfhip, pushed at him with a bayonet. The weapon missed his body, but penetrated his coat.
May 13.] Covent Garden afforded yesterday a perfect scene of peace and good order, for three very good reasons ; because neither the military Justice Wilmot, nor his corps of banditti contables inade their confiitutional appearance for the protection and security of his Majesty's liege subjects !
Yesterday twelve of the fifteen inoffensive men, committed to Newgate by IVilmot, were brought before a bench of Westminster Magiftrates, and admitted to bail for a common assault; the three others however, upon the newly studied oath of the superceded Justice Gretion, were detained on suspicion of being acceffary to the death of the constable.The manæuvres of a wretched party are too palpable not to be seen through and execrated.
It is a melancholy truth, that party violence too often takes such entire possession of the minds of men, as to suppress every feeling of justice, and even cominon humanity in the breasts of those, who in cooler moments are most susceptible of them. We will not affirm that the unfortunate constable who lost his life in Covent Garden, has been the victim of the factious temper of the times, or impute his death to any criminal negligence on the part of those who attended him. Mr. John Hunter's* private, as well as his professional character, secures him from the remoteft fufpicion upon the occasion, nor will the malice of faction itself venture to infinuate that the circumstance of his being a partizan of Sir Cecil Wray, in the present contest, could have the slightest infiuence upon his conduct. It is, however, to be regretted that Mr. Sheldent, the genteman who was sent by Mr. Fox's Committee to visit the deceased before his death on Monday night, was not allowed to see him. It is pofible, that by suggesting the operation of trepanning, which we understand, upon examining the fracture, he was of opinion ought to have been tried, the poor fellow's life might have been saved.
Two inoifensive spectators, William Ncal and Thomas Shaw, were so cruelly mangled by the banditti of Tower Hamlet constables on Monday last, that their deathi is hourly expected!
It appeared yesterday upon the clearest evidence before two difpassionate magistrates, subfervient to no party, that the unfortunate constable who lost his life in the above affray, was at the head of that daring band of hirelings, who commenced the riot, and so wantonly and indiscriminately knocked down all the friends of Mr. Fox.
That illustrious modern Ethic writer, Mr. Soame Jenyns, mounted the Hustings a few days fince, and from a meer conscientious impulsé, gave his fuffrage for Sir Cecil Wray: one of Mr. Fox's inspectors, however, not entirely relying on this iniernal ivic' dencé, took the liberty of tendering Mr. J the whole string of oaths, particularly the Catholic test, that the gentleman, who, by his writings, has refused to tell us
* Mr. John Hunter, a celebrated Surgeon, resident in Leicester-fields, brother to the late Dr. William Hunter, of plıyfical scientific memory.
* An eminent Surgeon, of Queen-street, Lincoln's Inn Fields, and Lecturer on Anatomy to the Royal Academy, to which he was promoted on the demise of Dr. William Hunter.
what religion he profilis, may, at least, by his oath, declare to the world that which he abjures!
Mrs. He has not ballooned a single vote to the Hustings, fince she was caracatured by the unmerciful Viscount of Hanover-Iquare.
The late alarming riots that have prevailed in Covent Garden, evince demonstratively the necessity of a reform in the Middlesex and Westminster police. Mr. Sherid.in, thortly after his introduction to Parliament, proposed a bill for that purpole; but his knowedge and abilities had not then acquired that brilliancy which they now fo eminently display. It is however to be hoped, that he will not abandon fo benevolent and necetfary a design, but promote it with every improvement arising from the maturity of his judgment and increase of his information.
It is not the least furprizing that Mr. Fox should be the favourite of the ladies, or that he is returned as member for a Scotch borough. This gentleman warmly introduced a motion to the House of Commons for the repeal of the odious marriage act; an act which controuls and fuppreffes those rights and honourable paflions with which God, Nature, and Reafon have endowed the young and virtuous. The laws of Scotland still leave mankind free to enjoy their freedom in this point, and therefore it is by no means astonishing that a portion of the Electors thereof thould support a man, who has afferted, and who undoubtedly will affert those liberal sentiments,
A correspondent hints to Mr. Fox's Committee, and to those who would wish to bestow the honours amply due to the Duchess of Devonshire and her beautiful companions, the guardian angels of Westminster, to have gold medallions ftruck, in honour of their glorious conteit, as a very acceptable present to her Grace, and one to each of her female friends : one side of the incdal, our correspondent thinks, might represent her Grace at full length, crowning Mr. Fox with laurels and an applicable motto; on the reverse, the names of her Grace and her friends, who will be handed to pofterity with greater eclat than the most celebrated heroines of Roman story.
The following extracts from authentic papers, are submitted for public considera tion, at the present crisis, both as a record of former virtue, and as the best incitement to future acts of genuine patriotisın. Presentment of the Grand Jury of Middlesex, 1741, respecting the atrocious violation
of the freedom of Election, by marching a party of the Guards up to the Huftings, at the Weiminfier Election.
Middlesex, June 14, 1741. “ We the Grand Jury of and for the body of the county of Middlesex, do-appre“hend, that, among the many enormnities and offences committed against the public,
none deserve our observation and censure more than those which tend to the sub“ version of the ancient rights of the people to a free Election of their Representatives “ in Parliament, in whom they repose their undoubted share in the government, as “ well as conftitute them guardians of their liberties and properties.
“ For we cannot but apprehend, that whenever the people fall lose the right of “ Election, or, which is the same thing, the freedom of Election, and be obliged to
chuse their Representatives under the awe, dread, or influence of any other power, " there must be an end of Parliaments, or, at least, the people's interest and share therein.
“ Wherefore being tworn to enquire for our sovereign Lord the King, and the body " of the county, we, upon our oaths present find, That on Friday the Sth day of May “ last, while the Election for Members of Parliament for the city and liberty of “ Weitminster was depending, and before the declaration thereof was made, a body of “ foot guards or soldiers, to the number of 50 and upwards, headed by officers, did, “ 'in the afternoon, in a military manner, march up near the place of polling, which " practice may be of the most dangerous consequence to the liberties of the piople, as contrary 16.10 law, and a restraint on the freedom of Election.
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“ We therefore being affered and alarmed with a due fenfe and dread of fo daring a 66 violation and intult, on our freedom and liberties, and the dangerous consequences of mi“ litary power exercised in civil affairs, do recommend it to this Honourable Court to “ give inch order and direction for preventing and discouraging the like heinous offence " for the future, as they fall judge most proper and convenient.” Such is the illustriou example given by the first county in England of a firm and manly refiftance to the infolence of a military interference in the rights of Election. To this we shall fubjoin an extract of the instructions from the city of London to their new members upon the laine occafion.
“ As itanding armies have ever been esteemed burthensome to the subject, and dan
gerous to liberty; and as the most facred and valuable privileges of Englishmen have “ lately fuffered moji outrageous insult and vio?:nce at a neighbouring Election, where the
military force was employed to the manifest violation of juftice, and in the open de
fiance of a law, which expressly commands that no man, by force of arms, shall disturb “ the freedom of Election, we most earneitly recommend that by a constant and vigorous “ opposition to all standing armies in time of peace, you would preserve this nation “ froin a calamity which has already been fatal to the liberties of every kingdom “ round us, and which we at this day are beginning to feel !"
Sir Cecil Wray's sagacious Committee have conducted their murderous machinations upon principles truly Hibernian. They first prevail upon Wilmot, that jober, Jage Justiciary Resident of Wood's Hotel, to lodge a detainer against three harmleis men, for an offence that will clearly appear to have been perpetrated by the Tower Hamlets bunditti, and the next day advertise a reward of Fifty Pounds, for the evidence of any person who can step forth, and declare the murderer or murderers UNKNOWN.
Yesterday another proposal was made to Mr. Fox, by Lord Hood and Sir Cecil Wray, through the official medium of the High Bailiff, to close the Poll finally this day, (May 14th) which, however, was peremptorily declined by the foriner; the High Bailift then rejoined, he should close it by his own authority on Monday next.
It should be known, that the High Bailiff is only a secondary officer in the present Election, the King's writ being addressed to the Sheriffs of Middlesex, who issue their prccept to the Bailiff of the city of Westıninfter, and to whom he, the Bailiff, must make his return.
Lord Sydney sent for Mr. Addington of the police in Bow.street, on Wednesday last, and remonstrated with him warmly for not having stepped forth and headed the military in Covent Garden, on Monday evening,—the independent magiftrate, with becoming fpirit and good sense replied—“ he did not think any juttice of the peace warranted in a fo doing ; nor would be in a similar case presume to call out the foldiery unless au- thorised by the official seal and signature of his Lordship himself as Secretary “ of State!"
A warrant has been granted by two magistrates of Middlesex and Westminster, for apprehending the High Constable, who is charged with having begun the riot in Covent Garden, on l'onday last. The Coroner's Inquest having found a verdict of wilful murder, againit persons unknown, the beginner of the affray is legally guilty of murder; and it appears that L- is well aware of this point of law, for which he has thought proper to attent himself, not relying much upon any evidence which Mr. Justice Wilmot may be able to collect, or the immaculate Mr. Gretton fabricate against the honest marrowbones and cleavers whom they have so extraordinarily charged with mur der, for the mere purpose of raising a groundless Election-cry against their opponents.
Anecdote.-The honour of Gufus Wilmot has lately rendered him an object of such general speculation, that every minutiæ of his official conduct must be acceptable to the public. Not many years ago this worthy magistrate had a very hot contest with a brother of the bench, concerning fome emoluments to which he thought himself entitled. Every Justice must be a man of honour--Vilmot consequently gave the other a challenge, who, however, affected to treat the hero with scorn, and, turning his back on the enraged Justice, appealed to some gentlemen present, whether he had not used him as he deferved ? " Na," said one of the gentlemen, “ you fhould have accepted the challenge ; one " of you might then have fallen, and the other must have been hanged. By this means the
dignity of the magistracy would not have been injured, and the public rid of two very great Also
An Hibernian Lord's visit on Thursday upon the Hustings, was rather mal-a-propos on the part of his Lordship, as a gentleman present immediately put a question to him respecting a 300l. electioneering bill
, of near seven years standing, due to Wilson, of the Bull, at East Retford, which so disconcerted the patriotic Pompey, that he decamped amidit the general hiffes of the advocates of liberty, and common honesty!
Mr. Jennings, of Covent Garden, to whom the Ladies, in the interest of Mr. Fox, are indebted for the accommodation of his house during the poll, has, in the handsomet manner, refused the smallest recompence on the occasion, profefling himself perfectly neutral, with regard to the Election, declaring his only wish has thus been to gratify the curiosity of the Ladies.
A correspondent informs us, that the article, mentioning Mr. Addington's interview with the Secretary of State, is in some particulars erroneous; the Secretary did not express a wish that the military should be called forth, on the contrary, he thought it improper; but from what paffed, it was evident that Lord Sydney had not the best intelligence of what happened at Covent Garden, as he understood the guards were ordered out on Tuesday to quell a riot, when, in fact, none had existed. Mr. Addington's conduct as a magistrate, is, in every point of view, irreproachable; his readiness to ftep forward to preserve the pablic peace is well known, and his reluctance to call out the military, unless in cases of absolute necessity, cannot be too highly applauded. It should not be forgotten, no, not even by a Secretary of State, that Mr. Addington is a gentle
May 15.] The poll at Covent Garden closed yesterday at two o'clock, instead of three, which has been the usual hour, owing to the following circumstance :~Mr. Fox's friends having received information that there was an intention of bringing the body of the constable who lost his life in the affray of Monday, from Nightingale-lane, to be buried in St. Paul's, Covent Garden, at the time of closing the poll, were apprehensive, that such a circumstance might give occafion to a renewal of those tumults, which it is so peculiarly the interest of the candidates at the head of the poll to avoid;—they made application, therefore to Lord Hood and Sir Cecil Wray, to agree to close the poll at an earlier hour, in order that the people might quietly disperse before the ceremony of the burial began. This was with fome difficulty on their part agreed to, it being strongly stated to them that their refusal would bear an appearance of their wishing to turn to folemn a ceremony, as the interment of a deceased person to the purposes of an Election clamour, and this consideration induced the abovementioned Candidates to consent to the proposal of Mr. Fox's friends; accordingly the poll was closed at two o'clock, and the body was interred at four; without more than the usual attendance upon such occasions. We are sorry to add, from the manner in which the procession was conducted, the deportment of some of the few persons who attended it, and the inflammatory hand bills showered down from the windows of Hood and Wray's Committee Room, there too much reason to think a design was entertained of creating a tumult upon this occa