As soon as the High Bailiff declared the numbers on the Poll, Sir Cecil Wray, in a written declaration to the High Bailiff, containing his motives for so doing, demanded a fcrutiny. [For a copy of the Requisition, &c. and an account of the other particulars relating to the transactions, in the Vestry of this day, see p. 209.]

On Mr. Fox's quitting the Vestry, his friends who were assembled to the amount of many thousands, infifted on chairing him, and the grandest spectacle ensued which we ever saw on any similar occasion. The crowds were innumerable; the windows were filled with the inoit beautiful women that ever youthful fancy can imagine; the streets were lined with carriages, and choaked with multitudes of the people. The description of Henry IV. was demonstrated, and notwithstanding the immense concourse, and the general triumph, the whole was conducted, not only with the greatest regularity, but with the profoundest peace. The following was the order of the procession :

Heralds on Horseback.
Twenty-four Marrow-bones and Cleavers.

Thirty Firemen of Westminster.

Martial Music.
Committees of the Seven Parishes, with white Wands, following their respective

banners, and attended by numberless Gentlemen of the several districts.
SQUADRON of GENTLEMEN on Horseback in the Blue and Buff uniform.


Grand Band of Music.

Marshals on Foot.
Decorated with Laurels, in which was feated

j The Right Hon. CHARLES JAMES. FOX.


Second Squadron of Horse.

Liberty Boys of Newport Market.
Mr. FOX's CARRIAGE crowned with Laurels.
BANNER—Sacred to Female Patriotism!

Blue Standard, inscribed,
STATE CARRIAGES of their Graces
The Duchess of PORTLAND and
DEVONSHIRE, drawn by fix horses fuperbly
Caparisoned, with fix running footmen attendant on each.
Gentlemen's servants closing the Procesion,

two and two, &c. &c. The route of the procession was round Covent Garden, down Ruffel and Catharinestreets into the Strand, Charing cross, down Parliament street, round the end of Great George-street, and back to Charing-cross, Pall-mall, &c. St. James's-street, Piccadilly, Berkley-street, round Berkley-square; back through Berkley-street, and into DevonThire-house Court-yard, where the various banners formed in front, while Mr. Fox, alighting from his chair, afcended the steps, and joined his Royal Highness the PRINCE of Wales, their Graces the Duke and Duchess of Devonshire, Lady Duncannon, and a train of other illustrious beauties, who were assembled on the platform, in order to greet the arrival of their favourite Representative. Mr. Fox from thence addressed his


3 B 2

friends, in an elegant speech, most cordially thanking them for the high honour they had conferred upon him, and requesting, as their triumph in the cause of freedom and independence had been so highly honourable to him and themselves, it might not be íullied by the smallest marks of tumult or intemperance.

The proceffion then turned off to Willis's fpacious rooms in King-street, where they fat down to dinner about eight in the evening, and the night was spent with unusual exhiliration. The constitutional toasts which have always been drank at the meetings of Mr. Fox's friends were given; and Mr. Morris joined his convivial powers to the {pirits of the company, which were fufficiently elevated with the triumph of the day. He sung two new songs full of applicable points. After the toast of the Independent Llectors of Weftininifter

Mr. Baker proposed as a toast, “ Mr. Fox, and may the House of Commons fulfil the efforts of the Independent Electors of Wisiminfier, and complete the Election of the man of or incir choice." This toast was drank with infinite applause, and Mr. Fox, in return, observed, that he should be the most ungrateful man on earth not to feel the most lively sensations of satisfaction and acknowledgment to the prefent company on the event of that day. It was a coincidence of circumstances which, he could not help remarking, that when several of the Gentlemen present, last met in the same place, few or none of them expected what they were all now witness of; but he was happy to say in their behalf, and it did thein infinite honour, that even then their principle, their attachment to the great cause of liberty was still the fame. This, in his opinion, was the most honourable teltimony they could have given of the soundness and constitutional purity of their politics. For it was no unusual think with many to boast of sentiments in prosperity which they were notorious for relinquishing in the hour of trial and adversity. Happily this was not the case with his friends, whose zeal and exertions were never more strong and exemplary than when their hopes of success were moft doubtful.

Nor did he think it became him to be silent in praise of their attachment to the genius and spirit of the constitution, at a time when, by the arts of misrepresentation, lo many other parts of the country had almost lost sight of their birthright as Britons and as

They had given a glorious example of their honefty and public virtue in the worst of times, and in opposition to the most detestable machinations.

He would say it was flattering to him in a very eminent degree, that while he had been exhibited, in various places, as the most inordinately ambitious, their conduct who knew him beft, who were the only competent judges of his politics and his morals, gave the lie direct to the fcurrilous reports of those who only wish to traduce him, and every honest independent man, to a level with themselves. He had lived among them all his days, and been ever under their eye; and this day was, in his mind, no very unequivocal proof that the system of public conduct which he avowed was agreeable to them. He trusted the House of Commons would do that justice to their free and independent suffrages, which had been denied by the High Bailiff of Weftininfter.

On the eve of a new Parliament he hoped to be forgiven remarking, that notwithstanding the very extraordinary clamour which had been raised against him, those new Members who had come to town this night would hardly conceive him to be so very unpopular as he had been said to be. It was in short his pride that so many of the most respectable citizens in the kingdom had thus unaniinouíly approved his exertions in the public service. This demonitration they had given in a way which could not be misunderstood, and against an influence which had few parallels in any Election in the annals of a free country. And he would only add, that the best mode of testifying his gratitude was by continuing to act the part which had called forth so spirited and lo general a support."



The festival concluded, as it was conducted throughout, with peace and harmony. There was neither riot nor disorder. The city was generally illuminated, and it was illuminated without the assistance of a mob. May such ever be the triumphs of an independent city, over those who would invade the exercise of their rights !

We cannot close this account without expressing our admiration of the great order and regularity with which the whole was conducted; not an assault was offered by the triumphant party, even where the laws of retaliation seemed to demand it. The spectacle was brilliant beyond imagination, as can be fully testified by those myriads of British beauties, whose prelence so powerfully graced the scene !—The entre of Carleton House, and Devonshire Yard, which every Gentleman passed through uncovered, in honour of the illustrious poffeffors, and the glorious pass in Berkley-street, where an illustrious Prince of the House of Brunswick ascended some unaccommodating steps to the wall, with two illustrious Ducheffes, in order to falute the triumphant fons of Frcedom on their march, are circumstances too flattering ever to be forgotten by those who had the honour of beholding them !

May 18.] The High Bailiff of Westminster presented a paper this day to the House of Commons, in which he stated, that as a scrutiny had been demanded by one of the candidates for that city, and as it was not in his power to ascertain on which side the majority of legal votes rested, he had consented to the application, and that a scrutiny was now pending. For what purpose this little inaccuracy is committed, it is not diffi. cult to say, as the scrutiny is not to take place till the 28th of this month.

This day at noon his Royal Highness the Prince of Wales gave a grand dejeuné to the nobility and gentry, at Carleton House. Several tents are pitched in Carleton Gardens, for the accommodation of the visitants, and the grounds laid out in a novelle stile. This morning fete is given in honour of Mr. Fox's Re-election !

This evening Mrs. Crewe gives a select ball and supper to the nobility and gentry, in honour of Mr. Fox's Re-election!

Yesterday morning the Prince of Wales was present at the review at Ascot Heath, in company with his Majesty. His Highnets returned about half past three to town, and rode several times in his regimentals along Pall-ınall and St. James's-street, where he was received with fhouts of triumph by the populace, who had collected to see Mr. Fox's proceffion. Soon afterwards his Highness dressed for dinner, and appeared in his carriage, displaying in his hat the Fox favour and laurel. In his way to Devonshire House, where he was to dine, no description can equal the acclamations he received.

The number of naval uniforms which were yesterday lent from the leathern daublet in Monmouth-street, to give an appearance of parade to Lord Hood and Sir Cecil, is past conception. One fellow (a runner to Bridewell) who displayed a Pofi Captain's lapel on the occasion, falling in with a hackney coachman arrayed like a Master and Commander, took him into custody for stealing a horse; aud carrying him before the fitting Justices in Bow-street, thereby deprived the procession of two reípectable members !

When the question of a fcrutiny was debated in the Vestry Room at Covent Garden, little Counsellor Frog, in reply to Nir. Fox, made a very happy distinction between a legal writ and a constitutional writ. We presume, however, that this cunning cafuift borrowed the hint from Mr. Wilkes's comprehensive definition of the Constitution. It is said of the worthy Alderman, that once commending Mr. Serjeant Glynn as an excellent lawyer, and as well versed in the Constitution as in the law, he was asked, what he meant by the Constitution ? To which he replied, every tbing, that is not law.

The Minister is resolved to take the early advantage of a popular delusion which he knows cannot be of long endurance. He refolves to break down the ancient fences


[ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small]

of the Constitution, and with a bold precipitance to trample on the rights and freedom of Election. With this view the Westminster Bailiff is to be supported through thick and thin. Quirks and quibbles are to ufurp the place of plain honest principles ; in Thort, all the dirty work of prerogative is to commence at the very onset of our virgin Parliament.

The Electors of Westininster are in as degraded a situation as ever fell by way of punishment on a franchised body. Their High Bailiff daringly tells them, that altho' he could not dispute the validity of their suffrages at the place of poll, yet the Representative they have chosen thall not be returned. His insult to the House of Commons has still greater indignity in it; as he tells the House, that a Member elected to sit among them shall be with-held his feat merely to answer the purpose of party, and to show how little he regards their importance!

The scrutiny promised for Westminster, and which will undoubtedly take place, will tay open, it is generally believed, fuch scenes of the most abandoned proceedings, as muft for ever disgrace the ministerial party. They were open enough in many tranfactions fufficiently culpable; but others, still more heinous than thole, remain yet behind the curtain,

In the ruder Parliaments of former times, the poor decrepid High Bailiff of Westminster had no noubt been immured within the dreary manfions of Newgate, for an act which in these enlightened days will probably insure himn, in this plentiful season, the full-blown honours of British Nobility!

If Mr. Corbett is really called up to the House of Peers, an event generally expected to take place, it will be by the stile and title of Lord Puzzle Vote, Baron Scrutiny, of the city of Westminster; with remainder, in default of issue, to the nineteenth grandchild, male or female, of Hotspur, most high, most noble, and moji puisant Duke of HURLO THRUMBO!

A scrutiny for Bedfordshire was refused by the Returning Officer, because the whole Election had been a scrutiny. The fame reason was asigned for refusing a scrutiny in Buckinghamshire. Let us see what reason the High Bailiff of Westminster had for granting a scrutiny, if we allow his power of doing so to be unquestionable. When Mr. Fox first began to recover his lost ground, the Test Oath was administered because Mr. Fox's voters were all Roman Catholics! When this proved no fufficient impediment to Mr. Fox's rifing majorities, the parish books were then produced, as Mr. Fox's voters were all inhabitants of Spitalfields. This was still found by no means a sufficient check. The ruling powers then proceeded to suspend till the next morning five or fix votes on a day, when they had any doubts of their validity; yet, after all this, when Mr. Fox finally closes the poll with a majority of 236, the High Bailiff thinks himself in duty bound to grant a scrutiny, even after the expiration of the writ, when he has no warrant to show for any further authority whatever !

A ministerial paper contains an advertisement from Mrs. Casson, reli&t of the constable, dated from Nightingale-lane, Wapping, in which, with most Ephesian piety, she offers 50l. reward for discovering her husband's affaflin, and adds, that “ from her ideas “ of constructive evidence,” the conceives that Mr. Caffon was the victim of party vengeance. One would have thought it scarcely credible that Mr. C would have given his fanction to so ridiculous a composition, purporting to issue from the pen of Mrs. Caffon, of Nightingale-lane, Wapping.

Ministers will have a very powerful majority in the new Parliament. To what is this to be attributed to their weight of character, or their weight of metal ?

[ocr errors][merged small]


The following is an official copy of the return made by the High Bailiff of Westminster

to the Sheriif of Middlelex, and by the Sheriff to the Clerk of the Crown.
“ Thomas Corbett, Bailiff of the Liberty of the Dean and Chapter of the Collegiate
« Church of St. Peter, at Westminster, in the county of Middlelex, doth hereby cer-
“ tify unto the Sheriff of the said county of Middlesex, that by virtue of a certain pre-
“ cept, dated the 16th day of March latt, and on the fame day delivered to him the
6 faid Bailiff, by the faid Sheriff, for the election of two citizens to serve in the en-
« fuing Parliament for the city of Westminster, and by virtue of the writ therein re-
66 cited (proclamation of the premises in the said precept first mentioned, of the day
“ and place as in the said precept is directed first being made) he the said Bailiff did

proceed to the Election of two citizens to serve in the ensuing Parliament for the faid
« city of Westminster, on the first day of April now last past, on which day appeared
w and were put in nomination the three Candidates herein after mentioned, and a pol
“ being demanded, he the said. Bailiff did forthwith proceed to take the said poll, and
a continued to take the same day by day, during fix hours each day, viz. from nine in
« the forenoon to three in the afternoon, until the day of the date of these presents in-
u clufive, on which day the said poll was finally closed, when the numbers on the said
“ poll for the said several Candidates stood as follows : viz.

For the Right Hon. Sir Samuel Hood, Baronet, Baron Hood
of the kingdom of Ireland

For the Right Hon. Charles James Fox
For Sir Cecil Wray, Baronet

The laid Bailiff further sets forth, “ That on the said final close of the poll, a scru--
“ tiny was duly demanded in behalf of Sir Cecil Wray; which scrutiny the said Bailiff
« has granted for the purpose of investigating the legality of the votes inore accurately
“ than could be done on the faid poll; and the faid scrutiny fo granted is now pending
« and undetermined, and by reason of the premises, the laid Bailiff humbly conceives
“ he cannot make any other return to the said precept than as herein before is con-
“ tained, until the said scrutiny fhall be determined, which he fully intends to proceed.
“ upon with all practicable dispatch. In witness whereof, he, the said Thomas Cor-
« bett, Bailiff of the said liberty, hath hereunto let his hand and leal, the 17th day of.
“ May, in the year of our Lord, 1784.

THO. CORBETT, Bailiff."
Having laid before the public authentic extracts respecting the atrocious violation of
the freedom of Election in the Westminster poll of 1741, we now subjoin the memorable:
{peech of the then Speaker of the House of Commons (the illustrious Mr. Onlow) on
the day appointed by the House for reprimanding the Westminster Justices who had.
dared to call out the military upon that occasion 15th Geo. ll. Jan. 22, 1742.

“ You having at the bar of this House yesterday confelled, that you did fend for and « cause to come on Friday the 8th day of May lást, a body of armed foldiers, headed. " by officers, in a military manner, who did take possession of the church yaril of St. “ Paul, Covent Garden, near the place where the poll for the Election of Citizens to u serve in this prefent Parliament for the city of Westminster was taken, befor: the frid 66 Election was ended; and you having acknowledged your offence therein, the House “ did order you to attend this morning, to be brought to the bar, to be reprimanded

on your knees by me for the laid offence.

" I cannot better describe to you the nature of this offence you have been guilty of, « than in the words of the resolutions, this Houte came to, upon their examination into « that matter, which are,

[ocr errors][merged small]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors][ocr errors]
[ocr errors][ocr errors]
« 前へ次へ »