That the presence of a regular body of armed soldiers ai an Election of Members to serve in Parliament, is an high infringement of the liberties of the subject, a manifest violation c of the freedom of Elections, and in open de fiance of the laws and constitution of this king6 dom. And it is impossible, if you well contid r the terms of this resolution, but that “ you must have in your breasts the deepest forrow and remorse for this rath act of

yours, which if it had not been animadverted upon might have given the most dange

rous wound to the constitution of this free country that perhaps it had ever feltThis country free, because the House is so, which this House can never be, but from the freedom of Elections to it; and, amidst the too many ways for violating that, none

can be more pernicious, because none more quick, decisive, and permanent, than 66 what you might have unhappily set a precedent for, and which might have grown to “ an extremity, under the specious and ready pretences of fears and neceflity that su“ persede all law-a precedent would have received an authority from the place it began ini

the seat of government, and the legislature of this kingdom.

“ But you have acknowledged your offence, and have asked pardon for it. This • has disposed the House to lenity; use it not to lessen the sense of your crime, but to " raise in your hearts that sense of gratitude you have to the House for that gentle treatment you

have met with on this occasion." In respect to the Westminster Election, we must obferve, that if Sir Ceail Wray had polled 236 more than Mr. Fox, and that Mr. Fox had demanded a scrutiny, we do moft firmly believe, let the circumstances of the case be what they might, the High Bailiff would not have granted a scrutiny, but on the contrary have returned the highest number as duly elected. In this opinion, we conceive every candid man in London will agree. The numbers being fo high above Sir Cecil, the Bailiff, who in fact gave his fanction to, and approved of thote votes, ought to have supported his own consequence by adhering to what he had admitted. We are therefore justified in joining with the popular voice in disapproving the extraordinary conduct of the High Bailiff on this important occafion.

Extrait of a letter from Derby. " The moment Mr. Fox's victory was announced, the principal inhabitants of o this town assembled at Mr. Symond's, the Greyhound, in the Market Place, by “ repeated huzzas; the bells in the five churches were immediately ordered to be rung, « and have continued ringing ever since without the least intermission. In the even« ing, an elegant supper was given at the same house, to a select party of gentlemen, « and this day a grand dinner was given at the George Inn, at which almost all the s principal inhabitants were present. Mr. Fox's health was drank with two hundred " and thirty-fix cheers, (his majority upon the poll) and the evening concluded with 66 every possible demonstration of joy, illuminations, bonfires, fireworks, &c. &c. &c.”

When the news arrived at Chesterfield of the Right Honourable Charles Fox being legally chosen Member of Parliament for Westminster, the bells began to ring there, and continued at intervals till past twelve o'clock at night. A large bonfire was made in the inarket-place, and several cannons were discharged. In the evening Mr. Gosling was chaired round the town in honour of the Member, having in his hat a cockade, on which was written, in letters of gold, FOX AND FREEDOM, attended by a great concourse of people, chiefly composed of the principal inhabitants of the town, who all wore laurels in their hats.

It is somewhat extraordinary that Lord Mountmorres should be at the head of those who have demanded a scrutiny. Lord Mountmorres was certainly a lodger only when the poll began, and lived in ready furnished apartments. The title of Irish Peer gives


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no fanétion to a name at a Westminster Election. Let justice hold the scale, and the
weight be impartial. If Mr. Fox has polled improper persons, he deserves to be turned
out, and to be for ever reprobated for such conduct; and if Sir Cecil Wray has de-
manded a scrutiny on weak and frivolous grounds, he is a character equally detestable;
very improper means were no doubt used on this Election by both parties. The ser-
vants of the Crown, and the Newcastle and Northumberland interelt began undue in-
fluence for the Court party, and the Devonshire and Portland family opposed in favour
of the other. This is very unconstitutional, and contrary to the right of Election.

May 19.] In consequence of the Morning Fete, his Royal Highness the Prince of
Wales proposed, in honour of Mr. Fox's victory over the prerogative Candidates, a com-
pany of near fix hundred of the first persons of fashion affembled yesterday at Carleton
House. The suite of rooms were laid out in the most superb style for their reception.
Nine marquces were pitched in the gardens, and covers spread in each, consisting of de-
vices equally expresive of the political principles and gallantry of his Highness. The
Dejune displayed two hundred and fifty covers of the most choice viands, confects, and
ices : strawberries, grapes, and a variety of the choicest fruits, made a part of the en-
tertainment. Four Bands were dispoled at proper distances in the gardens, two of
which were compofed of wind instruments; one was a regular orchestra, and one for
country dances, at the head of which Werner presided. The grotesque Italian, who is
so much distinguished for his oddities, made his appearance in the character of a French
Marquis, his wife assisted in this dramatis perfonæ, and occafioned much diversion.'
After the elapse of a short period, a party was formed for country dances and cotillions.
The ball was confined to the garden, and was opened on a spot chosen by the Prince.
His Highness and the Duchess of Devonshire were the first couple; Lady H. Walpole
was next who was honoured by the royal hand.
Among others who danced, were
Lord Carlisle

Lady Jersey:
Mr. Greville

Duchess of Portland.

Mrs. Anderfon.
Mr. Fitzroy

{Mifs Ingram.
Sir Harry Featherstone

Miss Ingram.
Mr. C. Wyndam

Mrs. Meynell.
Mr. Burrell

Lady Duncannon.
Mr. St. John

Miss Keppel.
Lord Berkley was particularly favoured, as Lady Beauchamp, Lady Derby, and Miss
Townshend, in the course of the dance, honoured him with their hands. The Miss
Norths, Lady A. Campbell, Lady Chewton, Lady Lewisham, Lady Julia Howard, and
feveral other ladies as well as gentlemen also stood up; but the frequent exchange of
partners, puts it out of our power to give an exact account. This rural repast was
considered as a revival of old English hospitality, and such was the spirit of the meeting,
that it may literally be faid the breakfast was not over till six in the evening. A telect
party of about thirty gentlemen remained after the company departed, to dine with the
Prince; among whom were Mr. Fox, Admiral Pigot, Mr. Fitzpatrick, Col. North,
Lord Lewisham, Mr. Boothby, Sir Harry Featherstone, Colonel Onslow, Sir Thomas
Gascovne, Mr. P. Delme, Lord Berkeley, Lord Winchelsea, Mr. C. Wyndham, Mr.
Fitzroy, Colonel Stephen on, and others.

In the evening, the Carleton visi:ants met at Mrs. Crewe's, who gave a Ball
occasion. His Highness, after his dinner party broke up, attended the evening scene

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of gnity. Since the ladies particularly distinguished by their dress, was Lady Beau-
champ in a white Polonese of her own design, ornamented with Spangles; Mrs. Anderson,
who wore a beautiful fancy Venetian dress; and Mrs. Meynull, the elder, who was ele-
gance it felf. The gentlemen who visited Carleton-house were dressed almost, without
an exception, in blue and buff. The Prince was in uncommon spirits at dinner, and
besides tinging several songs in a very pleasing stile, also joined in lome catches and glees.
This entertainment was formed under the regulation of Mr. Welte, and does him the
highest honour for its elegance and tafte.

A curious anecdote happened at the Prince of Wales's public breakfast. Some one,
for the lake of a laugh, pinned a Fox's cockade on the tete of Lady Talbot, whose para
tiality for the Court Candidates was known to be violent. Every body wondered at
the Lady's fidden conversion, and the eyes of the whole company were directed to the
ornamented head-dres. At length, after those who were in the fecret had fully en-
joyed the titter, they commiffioned a person to step up and compliment her Lady ship
on her coming over to the standard of beauty and freedom. By this means the disco-
vered the caute of her being to diftinguished, and she was fo enraged, that having em-
ployed the French Ambulador to unpin from her head dress the party emblem, the courfed
round the gardens till flie came to the political groupe where Charles was ftanding,
and here the threw the beau knot down, and trampled it under foot.

Mrs. CRE W's B A L L.
Mrs. Crew's ball on Tuesday night, in honour of Mr. Fox's victory, was the most
pleasant and jovial ever given in the circle of high life, and united all the charms of
elegance, ease, and conviviality. The company was select though numerous, and af-
fembled about ten o'clock in blue and buff uniforms; the dancing begun about eleven,
and at half after the Prince's quadrille arrived, confisting of his Royal Highness, the
Duchess of Devonshire, Lady Duncannon, Lady Bamfield, Miss Keppel, Mr. Stepney,
Mr. Greville, &c. who, all dresied in uniforms, fafhe:, and feathers, danced the most
elegant figure dance that could be formed; the Prince then danced minuets with the
Duchefs of Devonshire, Lady Bamfield, &c. and then followed country dances, led by
the Prince and the Duchess, till half after two, when the company defcended to a truly
elegant and comfortable fupper. The fupper business was soon dispatched, and, at the
unanimous request of the Ladies, Captain Morris was placed in the chair, and a general
call ensued for the Baby and Surse; he sung it in his very best ftile, and the fair circle
chorusled with the most heart-felt spirit. The Ladies' then drank his health, and
cheered him three times with true festive glee; upon which Captain Morris after thank-
ing the fair company for the honour of their charming approbation, gave as a toast buff
and blue and Mrs. Crew, which Mrs. Crew very finartly returned in a glass, with buff
arid blue and all of you. The toasts being drank, a party in another supper-room, con-
fisting of Lord Vorth, the Duchess of Portland, Lady Jersey, and others, fent a depu-
tation to Captain Morris, requesting him to come into their room, upon which he
gave that

company the Baby and Nurse, he then came back to the great room
in a crash of applause from the Ladies fair hands, and refumed the chair; the company
from the other rooın foon followed, and he entertained them with a continual succei:
fion of droll fongs, applicable to the times, and sung thein with a spirit that made every
fair eye in the room dance with delight. In fhort, never was an evening spent with lo
much true pleasure and comfort, and every tongue in the room was unanimous in their
expressions of satisfaction and admiration. At four the company resumed the dance, and
a wit in the room said, Captain Morris had set the Ladies fpirit's into fuch motion, that
he supposed there would be Morris-dancing till dinner-time. There were present,
anong others, the Prince of Wales, Duke of Devonshire, Earl Fitzwilliam, Earl of


went, and


Jersey, Earl of Carlisle, Earl Cholmondeley, Earl of Derby, Lord North, Lord Lefton, Lord Beauchamp, Lord Melbourne, Mr. Onflow, Sir Ralph Payne, General St. John, Colonel Fitzpatrick, Colonel North, Lord Robert Spencer, Mr. Hafe, Mr. Sheridan, Mr. Wyndhamn, Mr. Faulkener, and Duchess of Devonshire, Duchess of Portland, Ladies Seriey, Duncannon, Kitzwilliam, Sefton, Archer, Melbourne, Bamfield, St. John, Beauchamp, North, Payne, &c. &c.—The company were all retired between fix and leven, and the whole entertainment was conducted in a manner that did great honour to the beautiful patroness of the night, and will ever be remembered in the festive annals of the great and gay world.

[We have now gone through the Paragraphical Part of our Miscellany, on both Sides the Question, which, we allure our Readers, has occasioned us great Trouble in selecting. Sensible how dificult a Maiter it is to hit the Taste of Individuals, in Things of this Kind, we are prepared to expect Censure from fome and Praise from others on one and the same Subject : We flatter ourselves, however, that our Desire to please will not be overlooked, though possibly our inferior Judgment may justly be condemned.. We mall next proceed to the Trial of the Rioters.]

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N the first of June, Patrick Nicholson, James Ward, Joseph Shaw, James Murray, ,

and others, took their trial at the Old Bailey, before the Right Honourable Robert Peckham, Esq. Lord Mayor of the City of London; the Honourable John Willes, Esq. one of the Justices of his Majesty's Court of King's Bench; the Honourable Sir Richard Perryn, Knt. one of the Barons of his Majesty's Court of Exchequer; the Honourable James Adair, Esq. Serjeant at Law, Recorder of the faid City; and others his Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer of the City of London and Justices of Gaol Delivery of Newgate, holden for the laid City and County of Middlesex, on fufpicion of the wilful murder of Nicholas Caffon, at Covent Garden, on May 10, 1784. The following particulars contain the whole of the witnelles depofitions, and proceedings of the Court thereon.

I N D I C T M E N T. Patrick Nicholson, James Hard, Joseph Shaw, and James Murray, late of the parish of St. Paul, Covent Garden, in the county of Middlesex, labourers, were indicted, for that they, not having the fear of God before their eyes, but being moved and feduced by the initigation of the devil, on the 10th of May, in the twenty-fourth year of his Majesty's reign, with force and arms in and upon one Nicholas Caffon, in the peace of God and our Lord the King, then and there being, did make an affault; and that he, the faid Patrick Nicholson, with a certain large wooden stick, value one penny, which the said Patrick then and there had and held in his right hand, in and upon the head, neck, stomach, shoulders, arms, back, belly, fides, loins, legs, and thighs, of the faid Nicholas, then and there foloniously, wilfully, and of his malice aforethought, did divers times strike and beat, and cait and throw down to and agamit the ground, giving him then and there, as well by the striking and beating of the wooden flick as atore

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faid, as by the casting and throwing down to and against the ground as aforesaid, one
mortal fracture on the skull of him the said Nicholas Caffon, in and upon the left side
of the head, and divers mortal bruises in and upon the head, neck, stomach, shoulders,
arms, back, belly, fides, loins, legs, and thighs, of him the said Nicholas, by which
faid mortal fracture of the skull, and the faid mortal bruises as aforesaid, the faid
Nicholas Cafton did languish, and languishing did live, and on the 11th day of May of
the said mortal fracture did die; and that the laid James Ward, Joseph Shaw, and James
Murray, at the time of comınitting the felony and murder aforesaid, feloniously and
wilfully, and of their malice aforethought, were present, aiding, abetting, aslifting, and
comforting him the said Patrick Nicholas him the said Nicholas Casson to kill and mur-
der; and the Juror's say, that hin the said Nicholas Caflon, they the said Patrick
Nicholson, Jaines Ward, Joseph Shaw, and James Murray did kill and murde
They were also charged upon the Coroner's Inquisition with the like inurder.

John White,

William Sherman,
Robert Winksworth, William Roberts,
William Morris, Andrew Cunningham,
Thomas Neale,

Thomas Alfop,
Joseph Berks

Charles Hayley,
John Hayter,

Robert Sudlow.
Counsel for the Prosecution.

Attorney. Mr. JONAS.

Counsel for the Prisoners.




Mr. Loton.
The witnesses examined apart at the request of the prisoners Counsel.

Mr. Sylvester opened the indialment.

And Mr. Morgan opened tbe case as follows: My Lord, and you, Gentlemen of the Jury, you will please to favour me on the part of the present profecution; this is a very serious and important business, and therefore it is peculiarly neceffary that you should pay a particular attention to the evidence that will by and by be produced before you; Gentlemen, a very wife regulation was recommended by one of the judges yesterday, to one of the Counsel for the prisoners and me; that this cause should be tried by a Jury of Gentlemen who are not inhabitants of Westminster, for the express purpose of trying the prisoners at the bar with the utmost impartiality; I address you therefore, Gentlemen, looking upon you as men, uninfluenced by that unhappy fpirit that has raged for a considerable time last part in the city and liberty of Westminster; and as men who, I trust, will on this occasion use their soundest judgment and their coolest deliberations. If any of you have at any time been engaged in the party disputes that have lately fubfifted, and if you have heard or read any thing concerning those disputes, I trust you will remove from your minds every impression that you have hitherto received, but more efpecially any impreffion you may have received' unfavourable to the prisoners at the bar. Gentlemen of the jury, it is a duty becoming me, standing here as Counsel for the prosecution, to state to you the outlines


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