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“ That the presence of a regular body of armed soldiers ai an Election of Members to serve “ in Parliament, is an high infringement of the liberties of the subject, a manifest violation c of the freedom of Elections, and in open de fiance of the laws and constitution of this king6 dom. And it is impossible, if you well contid r the terms of this resolution, but that “ you must have in your breasts the deepest forrow and remorse for this rath act of
yours, which if it had not been animadverted upon might have given the most dange
rous wound to the constitution of this free country that perhaps it had ever felt“ This country free, because the House is so, which this House can never be, but from the “ freedom of Elections to it; and, amidst the too many ways for violating that, none
can be more pernicious, because none more quick, decisive, and permanent, than 66 what you might have unhappily set a precedent for, and which might have grown to “ an extremity, under the specious and ready pretences of fears and neceflity that su“ persede all law-a precedent would have received an authority from the place it began ini
the seat of government, and the legislature of this kingdom.
“ But you have acknowledged your offence, and have asked pardon for it. This • has disposed the House to lenity; use it not to lessen the sense of your crime, but to " raise in your hearts that sense of gratitude you have to the House for that gentle treatment you
have met with on this occasion." In respect to the Westminster Election, we must obferve, that if Sir Ceail Wray had polled 236 more than Mr. Fox, and that Mr. Fox had demanded a scrutiny, we do moft firmly believe, let the circumstances of the case be what they might, the High Bailiff would not have granted a scrutiny, but on the contrary have returned the highest number as duly elected. In this opinion, we conceive every candid man in London will agree. The numbers being fo high above Sir Cecil, the Bailiff, who in fact gave his fanction to, and approved of thote votes, ought to have supported his own consequence by adhering to what he had admitted. We are therefore justified in joining with the popular voice in disapproving the extraordinary conduct of the High Bailiff on this important occafion.
Extrait of a letter from Derby. " The moment Mr. Fox's victory was announced, the principal inhabitants of o this town assembled at Mr. Symond's, the Greyhound, in the Market Place, by “ repeated huzzas; the bells in the five churches were immediately ordered to be rung, « and have continued ringing ever since without the least intermission. In the even« ing, an elegant supper was given at the same house, to a select party of gentlemen, « and this day a grand dinner was given at the George Inn, at which almost all the s principal inhabitants were present. Mr. Fox's health was drank with two hundred " and thirty-fix cheers, (his majority upon the poll) and the evening concluded with 66 every possible demonstration of joy, illuminations, bonfires, fireworks, &c. &c. &c.”
When the news arrived at Chesterfield of the Right Honourable Charles Fox being legally chosen Member of Parliament for Westminster, the bells began to ring there, and continued at intervals till past twelve o'clock at night. A large bonfire was made in the inarket-place, and several cannons were discharged. In the evening Mr. Gosling was chaired round the town in honour of the Member, having in his hat a cockade, on which was written, in letters of gold, FOX AND FREEDOM, attended by a great concourse of people, chiefly composed of the principal inhabitants of the town, who all wore laurels in their hats.
It is somewhat extraordinary that Lord Mountmorres should be at the head of those who have demanded a scrutiny. Lord Mountmorres was certainly a lodger only when the poll began, and lived in ready furnished apartments. The title of Irish Peer gives
no fanétion to a name at a Westminster Election. Let justice hold the scale, and the
Duchess of Portland.
In the evening, the Carleton visi:ants met at Mrs. Crewe's, who gave a Ball
of gnity. Since the ladies particularly distinguished by their dress, was Lady Beau-
A curious anecdote happened at the Prince of Wales's public breakfast. Some one,
Mrs. CRE W's B A L L.
company the Baby and Nurse, he then came back to the great room
Jersey, Earl of Carlisle, Earl Cholmondeley, Earl of Derby, Lord North, Lord Lefton, Lord Beauchamp, Lord Melbourne, Mr. Onflow, Sir Ralph Payne, General St. John, Colonel Fitzpatrick, Colonel North, Lord Robert Spencer, Mr. Hafe, Mr. Sheridan, Mr. Wyndhamn, Mr. Faulkener, and Duchess of Devonshire, Duchess of Portland, Ladies Seriey, Duncannon, Kitzwilliam, Sefton, Archer, Melbourne, Bamfield, St. John, Beauchamp, North, Payne, &c. &c.—The company were all retired between fix and leven, and the whole entertainment was conducted in a manner that did great honour to the beautiful patroness of the night, and will ever be remembered in the festive annals of the great and gay world.
[We have now gone through the Paragraphical Part of our Miscellany, on both Sides the Question, which, we allure our Readers, has occasioned us great Trouble in selecting. Sensible how dificult a Maiter it is to hit the Taste of Individuals, in Things of this Kind, we are prepared to expect Censure from fome and Praise from others on one and the same Subject : We flatter ourselves, however, that our Desire to please will not be overlooked, though possibly our inferior Judgment may justly be condemned.. We mall next proceed to the Trial of the Rioters.]
N the first of June, Patrick Nicholson, James Ward, Joseph Shaw, James Murray, ,
and others, took their trial at the Old Bailey, before the Right Honourable Robert Peckham, Esq. Lord Mayor of the City of London; the Honourable John Willes, Esq. one of the Justices of his Majesty's Court of King's Bench; the Honourable Sir Richard Perryn, Knt. one of the Barons of his Majesty's Court of Exchequer; the Honourable James Adair, Esq. Serjeant at Law, Recorder of the faid City; and others his Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer of the City of London and Justices of Gaol Delivery of Newgate, holden for the laid City and County of Middlesex, on fufpicion of the wilful murder of Nicholas Caffon, at Covent Garden, on May 10, 1784. The following particulars contain the whole of the witnelles depofitions, and proceedings of the Court thereon.
I N D I C T M E N T. Patrick Nicholson, James Hard, Joseph Shaw, and James Murray, late of the parish of St. Paul, Covent Garden, in the county of Middlesex, labourers, were indicted, for that they, not having the fear of God before their eyes, but being moved and feduced by the initigation of the devil, on the 10th of May, in the twenty-fourth year of his Majesty's reign, with force and arms in and upon one Nicholas Caffon, in the peace of God and our Lord the King, then and there being, did make an affault; and that he, the faid Patrick Nicholson, with a certain large wooden stick, value one penny, which the said Patrick then and there had and held in his right hand, in and upon the head, neck, stomach, shoulders, arms, back, belly, fides, loins, legs, and thighs, of the faid Nicholas, then and there foloniously, wilfully, and of his malice aforethought, did divers times strike and beat, and cait and throw down to and agamit the ground, giving him then and there, as well by the striking and beating of the wooden flick as atore
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faid, as by the casting and throwing down to and against the ground as aforesaid, one
Counsel for the Prisoners.
Mr. Sylvester opened the indialment.
And Mr. Morgan opened tbe case as follows: My Lord, and you, Gentlemen of the Jury, you will please to favour me on the part of the present profecution; this is a very serious and important business, and therefore it is peculiarly neceffary that you should pay a particular attention to the evidence that will by and by be produced before you; Gentlemen, a very wife regulation was recommended by one of the judges yesterday, to one of the Counsel for the prisoners and me; that this cause should be tried by a Jury of Gentlemen who are not inhabitants of Westminster, for the express purpose of trying the prisoners at the bar with the utmost impartiality; I address you therefore, Gentlemen, looking upon you as men, uninfluenced by that unhappy fpirit that has raged for a considerable time last part in the city and liberty of Westminster; and as men who, I trust, will on this occasion use their soundest judgment and their coolest deliberations. If any of you have at any time been engaged in the party disputes that have lately fubfifted, and if you have heard or read any thing concerning those disputes, I trust you will remove from your minds every impression that you have hitherto received, but more efpecially any impreffion you may have received' unfavourable to the prisoners at the bar. Gentlemen of the jury, it is a duty becoming me, standing here as Counsel for the prosecution, to state to you the outlines