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duty to advise your Majesty touching the exercise of any
branch of your royal prerogative.
“ We submit it to your Majesty's royal confideration, that the 6c continuance of an Administration, which does not possess the con“ fidence of the representatives of the people, must be injurious to " the public service.
“ We beg leave further to say, that your faithful Commons can “ have no interest distinct and separate from that of our constituents, "and that we therefore feel ourselves called upon to repeat those
loyal and dutiful assurances we have already expressed of our re“ liance on your Majesty's paternal regard for the welfare of your “ people, that your Majesty would graciously enable us to execute “ those important trusts which the Constitution has vested in us, “ with honour to ourselves and advantage to the public, by the for“ mation of a new Administration, appointed under circumstances 66 which may tend to conciliate the minds of your faithful Commons, " and give energy and stability to your Majesty's Councils.
“ Your Majesty's faithful Commons, upon the matureft delibera“ tion, cannot but consider the continuance of the present Ministers
an unwarrantable obstacle to your Majesty's most gracious purpose, to comply with our wishes in the formation of such an “ Administration as your Majesty, in concurrence with the unanimous “ Resolution of your faithful Commons, seems to think requisite in “ the present exigences of this country. We feel ourselves bound to “ remain firm in the wish expressed to your Majesty in our late hum“ ble Address, and do therefore find ourselves obliged again to be“ feech your Majesty, that you would be graciously pleased to lay “ the foundation of a strong and stable government, by the previous “ removal of your prefent Ministers.” To which his Majesty returned the following Answer :
Gentlemen of the House of Commons, “ I have already expressed to you how sensible I am of the advan
tage to be derived from such an Administration as was pointed out “ in your unanimous Resolution ; and I assure you that I was defi“ rous of taking every step most conducive to such an object. I “ retain the same sentiments—but I continue equally convinced that “ it was an object not likely to be obtained by the difinission of the “ prefent Ministry. I must repeat that no charge of complaint, nor “ any specific objection is yet made against any of them.
“ If there was any such ground for their removal at present, ir
ought to be equally a reason for not admitting them as a part of " that extended and united Administration which you state to be re"
" I did not consider the failure of my recent endeavours as a final “ bar to the accomplishment of the purpose which I have in view, if it “ could have been attained on those principles of fairness and equality, 56 without which it can neither be honourable to those who are con“ cerned, nor lay the foundation of such a strong and stable Govern
ment, as may be of lasting advantage to the country. But I know “ of no further steps which I can take that are likely to remove the " difficulties which obstruct that desirable end. “ I have never called in question the right of my
faithful Com16 mons to offer me their advice, on every proper occasion, touching “ the exercise of any branch of my prerogative. I shall be ready at “ all times to receive it, and give it the most attentive consideration :
they will ever find me disposed to thew my regard to the true
principles of the Constitution, and take such measures as may best " conduce to the fatisfaction and prosperity of my people.”
March 5-] Sir George Yonge moved, “ That the order of the day for going into a Committee on the Mutiny Bill be then read.”
Mr. Fox opposed it, upon the ground that it would be improper to proceed upon it until the Royal Answer had been taken into consideration, which was fixed for Monday. He therefore moved, “ That “ the House do on Monday next form itself into a Committee on the " said Bill."
The House divided for the motion of adjourning the order of the day to Monday. For the question
171 Against it
162 Majority against the Minister
9 March 8.] Mr. Fox moved, “ That an humble Representation be presented to his Majesty, most humbly to testify the surprize and affliction of this House, on re
ceiving the Answer which his Majesty's Ministers have advised to " the dutiful and seasonable Address of this House, concerning one “ of the most important acts of his Majesty's government.
“ To express our concern, that when his Majesty's paternal good“ ness has graciously inclined his Majesty to be lensible of the advan
tage to be derived from such an Administration as was pointed out “ in our Resolution, his Majesty thould still be induced to prefer the
opinions of individuals to the repeated advice of the representatives “ of his people, in Parliament affembled, with respect to the means “ of obtaining to defirable an end.
“ To represent to his Majesty, that a preference of this nature is “ as injurious to the true interests of the Crown, as it is wholly re
pugnant to the spirit of our free Constitution : That systems, s founded on such a preference, are not, in truth, entirely new to “ this country : That they have been the characteristic features of “ those unfortunate reigns, the maxims of which are now justly and “ univerfally exploded; while his Majesty and his royal progenitors “ have been fixed in the hearts of their people, and have commanded “ the respect and admiration of all the nations of the earth, by a 56 constant and uniform attention to the advice of their Common's, $. however adverse such advice may have been to the opinions of the " executive fervants of the Crown.
“ To assure his Majesty, that we neither have disputed, nor mean in .66 any instance to dispute, much less to deny, his Majesty's undoubted “ prerogative of appointing to the executive offices of State such
persons as to his Majesty's wisdom may seem meet ; but at the "lame time that we must, with all humility, again submit to his
Majesty's Royal wisdom, that no Administration, however legally “ appointed, can serve his Majesty and the public with effect, which “ does not enjoy the confidence of this House : That in his Majesty's “ present Administration we cannot confide ; the circumstances under “ which it was constituted, and the grounds upon which it conti“ nues, have created just suspicions in the breasts of his faithful “ Commons, that principles are adopted and views entertained un
friendly to the privileges of this House, and to the freedom of 5 our excellent Constitution : That we have made no charge against “ any of them, because it is their removal, and not their punish
ment, which we have desired; and that we humbly conceive we •s are warranted, by the ancient usage of this House, to desire such “ removal, without making any charge whatever : That confidence • may be very prudently with-held, where no criminal process can “ be properly instituted: That although we have made no criminal
“ charge against any individual of his Majesty's Ministers, yet, with
all humility, we do conceive that we have stated to his Majesty “ distinct objections, and very forcible reasons against their conti
nuanee : That with regard to the propriety of admitting either the
present Ministers, or any other persons, as a part of that extended " and united Administration which his Majesty, in concurrence with " the sentiments of this House, considers as requisite; it is a point
upon which we are too well acquainted with the bounds of our
duty to presume to offer any advice to his Majesty, well knowing “ it to be the undoubted prerogative of his Majesty to appoint his Mini“ sters, without any previous advice from either House of Parliament; " and our duty humbly to offer to his Majesty our advice, when such “ appointments shall appear to us to be prejudicial to the public service.
“ To acknowled, with gratiude, his Majesty's goodness, in not s considering the failure of his recent endeavours as a final bar to the “ accomplishment of the gracious purpose which his Majesty has in “ view; and to express the great concern and mortification with which “ we find ourselves obliged to declare, that the consolation, which
we should naturally have derived from his Majesty's most gracious disposition, is considerably abated, by understanding that his Ma
jesty's advisers have not thought fit to suggest to his Majesty any “ farther steps to remove the difficulties which obstruct so desirable
“ To recall to his Majesty's recollection, that his faithful Commons “ have already submitted to his Majesty, most humbly, but most
distinctly, their opinion upon this fubject; that they can have no “ interests but those of his Majesty and of their Conftituents; 66 whereas it is needness to suggest to his Majesty's wisdom and
discernment, that individual advisers may be actuated by very dif« ferent motives.
• To express our most unfeigned gratitude for his Majesty's royal s6 assurances, that he does not call in question the right of this House “ to offer their advice to his Majesty on every proper occasion, touch
ing the exercise of any branch of his royal prerogative, and of his
Majesty's readiness at all times to receive such advice, and to give .6 it the most attentive consideration.
“ To declare, that we recognize in these gracious expressions, those “ excellent and constitutional sentiments, which we have ever been accustomed to hear from the Throne, since the glorious æra of the
" Revolution, and which have peculiarly characterised his Majesty * and the Princes of his illustrious House; but to lament that there 66 most gracious expressions, while they inspire us with additional af“ fection and gratitude towards his Majesty's Royal Person, do not a 6 little contribute to increase our suspicions of those men, who have " advised his Majesty, in direct contradiction to these assurances, to
neglect the advice of his Commons, and to retain in his service an • Administration, whose continuance in office we have so repeatedly *6 and so distinctly condemned.
“ To represent to his Majesty, that it has anciently been the prac. " tice of this House, to with-hold supplies until grievances were re“ dressed ; and that, if we were to follow this course in the present “ conjuncture, we should be warranted in our proceeding, as well by " the most approved precedents, as by the spirit of the Constitution “ itself; but if, in confideration of the very peculiar exigencies of the 66 times, we should be induced to wave for the present the exercise, “ in this instance, of our undoubted, legal, and constitutional mode “ of obtaining redress, that we humbly implore his Majesty not to “ impute our forbearance to any want of fincerity in our complaints, v or distrust in the justice of our cause.
“ That we know, and are sure, that the prosperity of his Majesty's dominions in former times has been, under Divine Providence, owing to the harmony which has for near a century prevailed un
interruptedly between the Crown and this House: That we are « convinced that there is no way to extricate this country from it's
prefent difficulties, but by pursuing the same system to which we ** have been indebted, at various periods of our history, for our suc“ cesses abroad, and which is at all times lo necessary for our tran
quility at home : That we feel the continuance of the present Ad“ ministration to be an innovation upon that happy system : That “ we cannot but expect from their existence, under the displeasure “ of this House, every misfortune naturally incident to a weak and “ distracted government: That if we had concealed from his Majesty “ our honest sentiments upon this important crisis, we should have “ been in some degree responsible for the mischiefs which are but 16 too certain to ensue.
“ That we have done our duty to his Majesty and our constituents, “ in pointing out the evil, and in humbly imploring redress : That “ the blame and responsibility must now lie wholly upon those who