“ have presumed to advise his Majesty to act in contradiction to the “ uniform maxims which have hitherto governed the conduct of his

Majesty, as well as every other Prince of his illustrious House,

upon those who have difregarded the opinions and neglected the ad" monitions of the representatives of his people; and who have

thereby attempted to set up a new system of executive administra“ tion, which, wanting the confidence of this House, and acting in “ defiance to our resolution, must prove at once inadequate by its “ inefficiency to the neceffary objects of government, and dangerous

by its example to the liberties of the people.”

At half past tivelve o'clock the House divided, when there appeared for the motion, Ayes

191 Nocs



Majority This day (March8] there was another meeting of the Country Gentlemen at the St. Alban's Tavern, for the purpose of trying one effort more to bring the Dukeof Portland and Mr. Pitt together. The ground of this last endeavour was, that as Mr. Pitt in his answer to the request of the Duke of Portland, to explain the meaning of the preliminary term “ equal,before they should meet to negotiate an union, said that the term would be best explained in a perfonal conference, they thought it their duty, as the last effort, to try to prevail on his Grace to agree to meet Mr. Pitt for the express purpose of hearing his explanation of this term in his preliminary message. The Duke of PortJand, by his letter, consented to the meeting, which was broke off on the old ground of objection ; upon which the Country Gentlemen determined to support Mr. Fox's motion for the Representation to the King, since all prospect of union was at an end.

March 9.] The order of the day was read for the House to go into a Committee on the Mutiny Bill, on which the Speaker quitted the chair, and the House resolved itself into a Committee, Sir George Howard in the chair.

Sir George Yonge moved, “ That these words be inserted, “ from the “ 24th of March, 1784, until the 24th of March, 1785," on which the motion was put and agreed to. On the 15th it passed the House of Lords, and on the 24th received the Royal Assent.


March 12.] On a motion for a Parliamentary Reform, made by
Mr. Sawbridge, and seconded by Mr. Alderman Newnham, the Houte




Majority against a Reform

March 24.] His Majesty being seated on the Throne, the Commons
were sent for, and being come with their Speaker, his Majesty gave
the Royal Affent to seventeen public and fix private Bills, after
which his Majesty made the following most gracious Speech from the
Throne :

My Lords and Gentlemen, “ In a full consideration of the present situation of affairs, and of “ the extraordinary circumstances which have produced it, I am in“ duced to put an end to this session of Parliament: I feel it a duty, “ which I owe to the constitution and to the country in such a situa“ tion, to recur as speedily as possible to the sense of my people, by calling a new Parliament.

I trust that this measure will tend to obviate the mischiefs arising from the unhappy divisions and distractions which have lately lub“ listed ; and that the various important objects which will require

consideration may be afterwards proceeded upon with less interruption and with happier effect.

“ I can have no other object, but to preserve the true principles of “ our free and happy Conftitution, and to employ the powers entrusted “ to me by law, for the only end for which they were given, the good

my people.”

[ocr errors]

Then the Earl of Mansfield, Lord Chief Justice of the Court of

King's Bench, Speaker of the House of Lords, by his Majesty's command, said,

[ocr errors]

My Lords and Gentlemen, It is his Majesty's royal will and pleasure, that this Parliament be 56. prorogued to Tuesday the 6th day of April next, to be then here

66 holden ;

6 holden ; and this Parliament is accordingly prorogued to Tuesday 66 the 6th day of April next.



By the KING,

A PROCLAMATION, For diffolving this present Parliament, and declaring the calling of

another. GEORGE R. “ WHEREAS we have thought fit, by and with the advice of our

Privy Council, to diflolve this present Parliament, which now “ stands prorogued to Tuesday the fixth day of April next. We “ do, for that end, publish this our Royal Proclamation, and do “ hereby diffolve the said Parliament accordingly; And the Lords

Spiritual and Temporal, and the Knights, Citizens, and Burgesses, “ and the Commissioners for Shires and Burghs of the House of « Common, are discharged from their meeting and attendance 66 on Tuesday the said fixth day of April next. And we being " desirous and resolved as soon as may be, to meet our people, and “ to have their advice in Parliament, do hereby make known to all “ our loving subjects, our Royal will and pleasure to call a new Par“ liament. And do hereby further declare, that, with the advice of « our Privy Council, we have, this day, given our order to our • Chancellor of Great Britain to issue our writs, in due form, for

calling a new Parliament; which writs are to bear teste on Friday " the twenty-fixth of this instant March, and to be returnable on Tuejday the eighteenth day of May following:

“ Given at our Court at the Queen's House, the 25th day of

“ March, 1784, in the 24th year of our reign.'

GOD save the KING.


As the different Meetings of the Ele&tors of Westminster, for the Purpose

of addressing his Majesty on the Removal of the late Portland Admini

ftration, form a Kind of Key to subsequent Election Manæuvres, we have thought it expedient to insert the following Chain of Events that

occurred in this Business, previous to the Disolution of Parliament.
On Thursday evening, the 29th of January, 1784, at fix o'clock, summonses were
issued for calling a meeting of the Court of Burgesses for the next day at twelve
o'clock at noon, at Guildhall, Westminster.---At which meeting the following Address
was unanimously agreed to:

To the KING's Most Excellent Majesty.
The humble Address of the Dean, High Steward, Deputy Steward, two Chief Bur-

geles, Burgesses, Alftant Burgesses, and other Householders of the City and Liberty
of Westminster.

Most Gracious Sovereign, “ We, your Majesty's most dutiful and loyal subjects, the Dean, High Steward, “ Deputy Steward, two Chief Burgesses, Burgeiles, Afiftant Burgesses, and other Houfe“ holders of the City and Liberty of Westminster, beg leave to approach your Throne « with the most zealous assurances of loyalty to your person, family, and government.

" It was with the utmost concern that we beheld an attempt made by your Majesty's 46 late Ministers to deprive a great Commercial Company of their chartered rights, by “ the bill brought into Parliament, which, had it passed into a law, would have been “ a dangerous precedent, and created a new executive power unknown to the Constitu« tion of this country:

“ We most fincerely thank your Majesty for the dismission of those Ministers from “ their employments, and assure your Majesty that we have great confidence in the “ principles of the prefent Administration; and that whilst they pursue measures con" ducive to the honour of the Crown, and the true interests of their country, they “ may safely rely on the support of the people."

In consequence of the above refolution, copies of the above Address were, late on Friday evening circulated in different parts of Westminster for signature; hand-bills were dispersed on Saturday morning, informing the inhabitants that the Address was left for that purpose at the Guildhali; and though the notice was so short, and Sunday intervened, yet by Monday at eleven o'clock it was signed by 2834 householders of Westminster.

This Address was afterwards presented at St. James's by the Deputy High Steward of Westminfter, the High Steward, his Grace the Duke of Newcastle, having apologized for his non-attendance on account of illness.---Sir Cecil Wray accompanied the Deputy High Steward to Court on this occasion.

[ocr errors]

To the Worthy Independent Electors of the City of Westminster.

The Monthly Meeting of the Independent Electors of Westminster being fixed for this day, the 5th of February, the honour of your company is earnestly requested at the Shakespeare Tavern, Covent Garden, at eight o'clock in the evening,

Lord Edward Bentinck, Mr. Hodgson,
Sir Charles Bunbury, Bart. Mr. Mr. Gregory, and
Thomas Byron, Ela.

Mr. Black


[ocr errors]


WESTMINSTER ME E ETING. February 6.] Last night there was the most numerous meeting ever held of the Electors of Westminster, at the Shakespeare Tavern, and we can with justice fay, it was equally respectable. Among the number prefent were the following Peers and Coinholero:

The Honourable Mr. Fox, Lord George Henry Cavendish, Lord Derby, Lord Fitzwilliam, Lord Edward Bentinck, Lord Robert Spencer, Lord Surrey, Honourable Mr. John Townfend, Sir Charles Bunbury, Sir Godfrey Webster, Sir Cecil Wray, Sir John Kamiden, Sir Richard Rycroft, Sir Henry Featherstone, General Burgoyne, Colonel Fitzpatrick, Colonel Stanhope, Colonel Hartley, Major Hartley, Mr. Hartley, Mr. Byng, Mir. Jervoile Clarke Jervoise, Mr. Sheridan, Mr. John Lee, Mr. Beckford, Mr. Crewe, Mr. Pelhair, and Mir. Burke.

Sir Cecil Wray was called on to explain his conduct relative to the part he had taken in presenting the smuggled Address, faid to contain the fentiments of the Dean and. Burgefies of Westmintier. He declared, that he thought it his duty at all times when called on by his conilituents to obey thern; but with respect to the Address in question, he never saw it until he was in the Presence Chamber at St. James's. He had said in the House of Commons it was signed by 4000 Electors; but he found on enquiry it was signed only by 2300 persons; but whether they were Electors he was not certain. He was then called on to know whether he thought that Address fpoke the sense of a majority of his constituents? After fome hesitation, he said it contained his fenfe and he believed it did that of his constituents. The company present seemed not to relish the part he had taken, and expressed their disapprobation in not the most polite manner.

When Mr. Fox came in he was called on by Mr. Baldwin to know the reason why he did not attend to carry up that Address, and to explain to the company whether he was applied to for the purpose ?

· Mr. Fox said, so far from being called on to carry up the Address; unless by common rumour, he never heard of it until Sir Cecił Wray mentioned it in the Housé of Commons; and however it might appear, he must confess the obfcurity of the Court was such, that he did not know where it was held. He knew the Dean perfectly wc!l; and he could assure the company, that he not only declared his ignorance, but his disapprobation of the transaction. The High Steward (the Duke of Newcastle) was also at too great a distance to know any thing of the matter; therefore the Address, said to be of the Dean and Burgesses, had neither the consent of either the Dean or High Steward., The right honourable gentleman afterwards entered very minutely into in a recapitulation of his conduct, and appealed to the company whether it met with their approbation.

An Elector wished to put the question to the company, whether they approved of Sir Cecil IVray's conduet ? On which Mr. Fox very politely remarked, that his worthy colleague being then absent*, it would not be fair or just to arraign his conduct; for which purpose he could wish the gentleman to withdraw his question; but he itill persisting, Mr. Byng exhorted the Elečtor to consider that it was unusual in any place to discuss a person's character without his being present, or having had notice to allemble his friends.. He desired the gentleman to consider, that a conduct of that fort would be exactly fimilar to what Mr. Fox and his friends reprobated; it would be the exact steps that were used to censure his conduct in Middlesex, but which he had, by exertion, entirely defeated. He requested, that all the proceedings of Mr. Fox's friends might be open and manly, and not dark and secret, like his enemies.

The gentleman seeing the impropriety of the measure, very readily withdrew it.

Mr. Sheridan remarked, that it had been hinted as a proper measure to procure a counter Address to the smuggled one presented, and to have it handed about to be signed; he thought such a step would not be so open and manly as to call by public advertisement * Sir Cecil had left the Court before this question was put.

a meet

« 前へ次へ »