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The entertainment at Grocers Hall was conducted with the greatest regularity, and
The Constitution and Prerogative *.”
About eleven o'clock Mr. Pitt and friends took leave of the company, and on getting
The procession to the city on Saturday was conducted with the greatest regularity : but the procession from the city was most injudicious. There is a certain time when men's minds are inflamed beyond the controul of reason--it argues a great want of knowledge of mankind, in the conduct of public matters, not to be prepared against thofe unhappy hours. This was the case on Saturday. Mr. Pitt returned through Westminster in a triumphant manner, where it was well known there was a divided party. Those opposite to his principles, among the multitude, naturally took offence; we say naturally, because the mob are always guided by the occurrences of the moment, and ever act without properly investigating the caule, or serioully considering the effect. It was, therefore, very improper to run the risque of a popularity, fupported by chosen friends, among an indiscriminate multitude at night, where every man, acted either as his particular interest, the fumes of his wine, the spirits of his punch, or the mad consequences of gin, directed. The want of proper advice on this occafion subjected Mr. Pitt's parfage through St. James's-ftreet to a most indecent outrage against the peace. The populace there attacked him about half past twelve o'clock, first with hisles and groans, and then with more mislile weapons, until the tumult of popular rage at last rofe to a complete riot, and the poor men, barnefled to the carriage, were obliged to quit their traces, and act se defendendo. The assailants being much more numerous than the supporters, the carriage remained at the mercy of the people, and was instantly demolished. Mr. Pitt escaped into the Hotel without receiving any injury, except what the furprize of so unexpected an attack occasioned. Had Mr. Pitt retired privately from Grocer's Hall, all this mischief might have been avoided.
The illuminations on Saturday were tolerably universal as to the houses along the Strand and Fleet-street, but in respect to the lights, they were extremely partial. A mob went about with threats, and consequently the people put up candles to save their windows; but the judgment of being attached to the cause was only to be found in the number, and the full illuminations were very few in comparison to those of a contrary description. This is a fair state of the case; and such as comes home to every unbiaffed person's understanding.
The following is Mr. Wilkes's speech to the Right Honourable Mr. Pitt, when he
received the freedom of the city of London:
* A conjunétion perfectly agreeable with the ideas of Mr. PREROGATIVE Pitt.
+ We appiehend the Printers of the day made a mistake here. The toast, as originally put, must have been
" this metropolis among those princes and heroes who have been the benefactors of our « country, and the friends of mankind, with the glorious deliverer of this nation, with " the hero of Culloden, with the illuftrious Statefinan, from whoin you derive your “ descent. The city of London, Sir, with pride and exultation, now behold revived
in the son those folid virtues, shining talents, and powerful eloquence, which they “ long admired in the father; but above all, that generous love of our country, and its
divine Constitution, superior to the groveling, Tordid views of private self-interest, " or personal ambition. You have, Sir, thus early in your ministerial career, com“ manded the esteem and admiration of this city and nation, by a noble act of disin« terestedness. in favour of the public, for which I believe you scarcely could find a pre“ cedent, nor I fear will you be imitated by any future Minister.
“ We look up, Sir, to that superior ability, and purity of public virtue, which dir" tinguish you, for the reformation of many abuses, as well as the steady protection of " our chartered rights, property, and freedom. The Adininistration of your noble 6 father gave us fecurity at home, carried the glory of this nation to the ntinoft height " abroad, and extended the bounds of the empire to countries, where the Roman Eagle “ never few. A late Administration undertook an unjust and wicked war, which dif“ membered the empire by depriving us of our most valuable colonies, and has brought
us almost to the brink of bankruptcy. To restore this kingdom to any degree of “ prosperity and greatness, demands the utmost exertions of virtue and ability, with " every support both of the Crown and People at large. I hope you will meet with « both, and I know how high you stand in the confidence of the public. Such is to “ be done, but you have youth, capacity, and firmness. It is the characteristic of a “ true patriot never to despair, and we have a well-grounded hope of your making us
again a great, powerful, happy, and united people, by a steady, uniform, wise, and C disinterested conduct. Your noble father, Sir, annihilated party, and I hope you " will in the end beat down and conquer the hydra of faction, which now rears its “ hundred heads against you. I remember his saying, that for the good of the people, he “ dared to look the proudest connections of this country in the face. I trust that the same “ spirit animates his son, and as he has the same fupport of tire Crown and the People, “ I am firmly persuaded that the same success will follow *."
Mr. Pitt's answer to Mr. Chamberlain Wilkes : « SIR, “ I beg to return you my best thanks for your very obliging expressions. Nothing “ can be more encouraging to me, in the discharge of my public duty, than the couns tenance of those, whom, froin this day, I have the honour of calling my fellow“ citizens."
* As an instance of the “ Beauties and deformities of John Wilkes, Apoftate,” (to use a phrase of Jolin Stockdale, the Piccadilly publisher of ridiculous memory) we here fubjoin, by way of note, Mr. Wilkes's idea of Lord Chatham's character, when Mr. Pitt, and at a time too tius truly great man was rendering the highest services to his country:
“ Of all political adventurers, Mr. Pitt has been the most successful, according to the venal ideas of modern
statesmen. Pulteney sold the people only for a barren title. The mercenary Pict disposed of his popularity “ like an Exchange Broker. Besides the same title with the other apostate, Piet secured from the Crown a large
family penfion, and the lucrative finecure of sbe Privy Seal, which he held for a few years. His retreat into the “ House of Lords was a political i emise. He palled aroay, but is not yet quite forgotten. His treachery to the “ cause of the people still loads his memory with curses.
“ He raised himself to the greatest offices of the state by the rare talent of command in a popular Assembly, “ He was indeed born an orator, and from nature possefled every outward requisite to bespeak respect and
A manly figure, with the eagle-face of the famous Conde, fixed your attention, and almost " commanded reverence the moment he appeared, and the keen lightening of his eye spoke his haughty fiery “ soul, before his lips had pronounced a syllable. His congue dropp.d verom. There was a kind of fascination in " his look, when he eyed any one afrance. Nothing could withiland the force of that contagion. The fuent “ Murray has faultered, and even Fox shrunk back apailed froin an adversary fraught with fire unguenchable, if
“ I may
The following Selection of Advertisements, Hand-bills, &c. published and
distributed a little previous to and during the Election, on the Part of Lord Hood and Sir Cecil Wray, we can assure our Readers, is most faithfully and impartially made. The friends of those two Candidates will find it a complete Arrangement of every thing of the Kind made public by their Committees, and other temporary Writers, who exerted themselves in their Cause. The like Care and Impartiality will be shewn when we come to select for Mr. Fox. This Conduct we hope will secure to us the applause of both parties.
ADVERTISEMENT.. To the Worthy and Independent Electors of the City and Liberty
of Westminster. Gentlemen, The approbation you have expressed of the public principles on which I have acted as your Rrepresentative in Parliament, makes me, with great confidence solicit the honour of your support, in case a dissolution takes place.
Should you again honour me with your fuffrages, the same independency and zeal for your service, and for the cause of the public, shall continue to be my line of conduct.
I have the honour to be,
Your most grateful and obedient servant,
“ I may borrow the expression of our great Milton. He always cultivated the art of speaking with the most in. “ tense care and application. He has passed his life in the culling of words, the arrangement of phrases, and “ choice of metaphors; yet his theatrical manner did more than all, for his speeches could not be read. There
was neither sound reasoning, nor accuracy of expresion, in them. He had not the power of argument, nor " the correctness of language, fo Atriking in the great Roman orator, but he had the verba ardentia, the bold, “ glowing words. This merit was-confined to his speeches ; for his writings were always cold, lifeless, and « incorrect, totally void of elegance and energy, sometimes even offending against the plainest rules of cons u struction. In the pursuit of eloquence, he was indefatigable. He dedicated all his powers and faculties, and “ he sacrificed every pleasure of social life, even in youth, to the single point of talking well,
“ Multa tulit fecitque puer ; sudavit et allit;:
“ Aoftinuit venere si vino.. “ to a greater degree than almost any man of this age.
“ He acknowledged, that when he was young, he always came late into company, and left it early. He af « fected at first a sovereign contempt of money, and when he was Paymaster, made a parade of two or three.
very public acts of difiaterestedness. When he had effectually duped his credulous friends, as well as a timid
miniftry, and obtained enormous legacies, pensions, and sinecure places, the mark dropped off. Private in “ terest afterwards appeared to be the only idol to which he sacrificed. The old Duke of Newcastle used to say, “ Tbar Mr. Piri's talenes would not bare ges bim forty pounds a year in any country but obis."
“ At his entrance into Parliament, he attacked Sir Robert Walpole with indecent acrimony, and continued “ the persecution to the last moment of that Minister's life. He afterwards paid servile and fulsome compli“ ments to his memory, not from conviction, as appeared from many other particulars, but to get over a few " Walpoljans. He had no fixed principle, but that of his own advancement. He declared for and against contie “ nental connections, for and against German wars, for and against Hanoverian subsidies, &c. ftill preserving an “ unblushing, unembarrassed countenance, and was the most perfect contradiction of a man to himself which the “ world ever saw. If his speeches in Parliament had been faithfully published to the English, soon after they “ were delivered, as those of Demosthenes and Cicero were to the Greeks and Romans, he would have been o very early detected, and utterly cast off by his countrymen. He is said to be still living at Hayes in Kent.”
To the Worthy and Independent Electors of the City and Liberty
of Westminster. Gentlemen, Impressed with the deepest sense of gratitude for the very distinguished honour done me, upon a former occasion, whilst I was abroad in the service of my King and country, and having now received the most flattering testimonies from various quarters, that the worthy Electors at large continue to think very favourably of me, I presume to offer myself a Candidate to represent this great and truly relpectable City in Parliament, whenever a dissolution shall take place; and should I be so fortunate, Gentlemen, as to become the object of your choice, I most readily pledge myself to be vigilant and zealous in my duty, to act in full conformity to your wishes, and on all occasions to endeavour to prove myself,
faithful servant, Dover-street, March 23, 1784.
ADVERTISE M E N T.
To the Independent Electors of the City and Liberty of West
minster. Gentlemen, Having had the honour of being called upon by a very considerable body of the worthy and independent Electors of the city of Westminster' to offer ourfelves as joint candidates to represent this great and respectable city in Parliament on the approaching election; we beg leave to folicit the honour of your countenance and support; and if we should be so fortunate, through your voluntary suffrages, to become your Representatives, we shall endeavour to acquit ourselves in the high and important trust with zeal and fidelity, and we trust in full conformity to your sentiments and wishes.
We have the honour to be,
Your most faithful and obedient servants, Cannon Coffee-house,
HOOD. March 24, 1784.
ADVERTISEMENT. To the Worthy and Independent Electors of Westminster. Having been grossly misrepresented in what I said relative to Chelsea Hospital, I think it necessary to inform the public, that I said in the House of Commons, 16 That I did « not wish to see the provision made for Military Officers annihilated; on the contrary, “ I do not think the honourable retreats for such meritorious men sufficiently nume“ rous; much less did I hint at reducing the subsistence of the hardy veterans. The ** whole that I meant to apprize the House of, was, that taking in the expence of the " institution---the salaries of men, not military, and the necessary repairs of the build
“ ings, by dividing that sum by the number of pensioners, the expenditure per man was • fifty-one pounds five shillings.
“ I then thought, and I now think, that if each man in that hospital was allowed “ twenty pounds per annum, and to live where his connections and friendthips led hiin “ to, that he would live more happily ---and an overplus remaining, which would pro, vide for one thousand out-pensioners as letter-inen; a charity more extensive, and “ devoutly to be wished for. Great George's-street,
CECIL WRAY. March 29, 1784.
ADVERTISEMEN T. WESTMINSTER ELECTION., The Committee for conducting the Election of the Right Honourable Lord Hood and Sir Cecil Wray, Bart. will meet this and every evening, precisely at feven o'clock, at Wood's Hotel, Covent Garden.
Wood's Hotel, March 27, 1784.
A D V ER TISE M E N T.
To the Worthy Electors of the City and Liberty of Westminster.
Lord Hood and Sir Cecil Wray have the honour to return their most grateful thanks to those worthy Electors who have promised them their fupport; and having been very fuccessful in their canvass, they take the liberty to request that such Electors as have not yet been waited upon personally (which is intended to be done as soon as possible) will kindly impute it to the shortness of time since the dissolution of Parliament, and the necessity. they have been under of attending the public meetings.
Wood's Hotel, 27th March, 1784.
A D V ER TISE M E N T.
W O O D's Η Ο Τ Ε L. At a meeting of the General Committee for conducting the Election of Lord Hood and Sir Cecil Wray.
Refolved unanimously, -That the misconstruction put upon Sir Cecil Wray's declaration in the House of « Commons respecting Chelsea Hospital, is malignantly intended and founded in false“ hood and dishonour.”
JOHN CHURCHILL, Chairman.