not wonderful that they meet with little or no success. How can the Master be expected to be present with a body which neglects to do all things whatsoever he has commanded them?

I. There are special duties which the members of a church owe to Christ, the exalted King in Zion. “He is the head of his body, the church ;' its exclusive head, to the utter subversion of the claim of any pretended vicegerent, or visible head, in heaven, or on earth. The church, then, owes to him,

First: A steady refusal, at whatever cost, to yield submission, on strictly religious subjects, to any authority but His ; whether it be civil or ecclesiastical authority ; whether it be that of pope or emperor, or cardinal or bishop; whether that of Presbyterian synods, or Methodist Conferences, or Congregational Unions, or churches or pastors, (for it will be afterwards seen that the authority of a Christian pastor is not distinct froin that of Christ,) it has no moral right to coerce conscience, or to enforce obedience. Proceed from what source it may, if it attempt to do this, it should be firmly resisted as involving an infringement upon the privilege of the great Head of the church.

Secondly. The deepest reverence for His authority, manifested by implicit obedience to His commands. If others have not authority, his is supreme, for his right to rule is perfect. His qualifications for ruling are, in degree, infinite; and therefore his government is what it should be, pure spiritual despotism; the best and most perfect form of government when, as here, boundless wisdom, inviolable truth, inflexible justice, and infinite goodness, preside at the helm. The church owes unquestioning, universal obedience to Him ; and its language should ever be, “Speak, Lord, for thy servant heareth.”

Thirdly. A diligent study of Divine revelation, for the purpose of obtaining a full and complete understanding of all its statements in reference to the constitution,

government, laws, &c., of the Christian church. The Scriptures, especially those of the New Testament, contain the statutes of our King. We are bound to examine these statutes ; and, if the principle of subjection to him be enthroned in the heart, this will be done. All professions of regard to the Master's authority, are hypocritical and base, where the Master's voice is not listened to ; where the Master's written directions are not studied with deep reverence and profound attention.

Finally. The church owes to its Head, incessant care to preserve His laws in a state of practical efficiency. While it is allowed that they exist in the statute-book, they may fall into practical abeyance. The execution of many of those laws will often require great self-denial, and firmness, and strength of determination to resist the influence of friendship and relationship, and a simplicity of aim to promote the honour of the Saviour, not to be expected, perhaps, in every member of the Christian body. And the inertia of the less enlightened and devoted, arresting the progress of the rest, the machine of Christian discipline is impeded in its march. The rod of discipline is permitted to rest in its slumbers ; evil-doers are unreproved ; individuals, having entered the body, and finding no vigilant eye upon them, act as they choose, make their exit as they please, when and where they please, while no one is aware of their depar. ture. Such churches are a disgrace to the name they assume ; and, what is a subject of much deeper regret, they inflict dishonour upon the Saviour. His laws must be studied, they must be loved, they must be obeyed by every Christian community, or its members grossly violate the duties they owe to their exalted Head.

II. There are especial duties which the members of a Christian church owe to each other.

First. They owe to one another fervent brotherly love. Eph. v. 1 John ii. 9-11, iii. 10-12; 1 Thess. iv. 9, 10. We have seen, indeed, that love is the sacred cement which binds the stones of this spiritual building

2 ;

together : it is more than this; it is the attractive principle by which they are brought together ; it is the cause of the union of believers in Christian fellowship; it is also the effect of it. For there is a special love which grows out of the relation when formed, as well as a common love which led to its formation. While Christians are commanded to love all who love the Saviour, they are pre-eminently bound to love those who form constituent parts of the same Christian body with themselves. If it should be doubted whether they ought to love them with more intense affection than others, there can be no question that they are under a special obligation to let the fruits of their love abound towards them. It is no doubt true, that, when they have the power and the opportunity, they should scatter these fruits of love far beyond the boundaries of their respective enclosures : but it will be well to remember that none within these enclosures should be overlooked. The first objects of attention, and sympathy, and kindness, and prayer, are those within the enclosure; the second, those who are without. And it is of importance to remember that, by a practical attention to these directions, the welfare of the whole body of believers is more effectually secured than if the love of each individual had had no particular direction given to it, and were allowed to expatiate indiscriminately. In the latter case, there could not be an equal division of the cares, and sympathies, and general fruits of love. An ocean might flow to one, and scarcely a rill to another. God has wisely ordered it otherwise. The members of each church are especially bound to love and watch over each other; and thus the wants of the whole family of the faithful are more certainly supplied, and their welfare more certainly secured. Secondly. They owe to one another mutual watchful

The pastor is to watch for the souls of his flock, but the duty is not confined to him, as there is reason to fear it is in too many cases imagined ; all the members are to watch over one another. “Looking diligently,"


pass them.

says the apostle, “ lest any man fail of the grace of God; lest any root of bitterness, springing up, trouble

you, and thereby many be defiled.' Heb. xii. 15. The individuals who compose a Christian church, are a band of travellers passing through the lands of an alien, and an enemy

The utmost vigilance is of course required, to secure them against the dangers which encom

Should not each regard himself as in part, at least, his brother's keeper, and in some measure responsible for his brother's safety ? While the leader of the band frequently throws his eye over the entire company, to see that none fall into snares, none stray from the path, none lag behind ; should not this be done also by every member of the body? Where holy love and eminent spirituality exist, it will be done. Each will be anxious that his brethren should hold fast the truth, should display its lovely spirit, and act under its direction. He will feel that the prosperity of others, adding as it does to the amount of holy influence which is to bear upon the world, and to promote his Master's glory, is a gain to him; while their coldness and inactivity are a positive loss. He will, therefore, look diligently lest any man fail of the grace of God: but his vigilance will be that of love; it will not be watchfulness for the halting of a brother, but anxiety to prevent it; not a prying and impertinent intrusion of himself where he has no right to enter, with the hope of detecting something amiss, (of all impertinences the most abominable,) but an unobtrusive observance of what falls under his notice; that if there should be any departure, on the part of those with whom he mingles, from the spirit of the Gospel, a word of faithfulness and affection may prevent further aberration, and recover his brethren altogether from the snare of the destroyer.

Such watchfulness ought not to be offensive, cannot, indeed, be so to a spiritually-minded man. I am not, indeed, unaware that there are members of Christian churches who would resent as an insult the gentlest word of expostulation, especially when it proceeded from an inferior ; but these persons have not the spirit of Christ. The Gospel has failed to bring down their lofty looks, and to lay the native pride of their hearts in the dust. How do I bear reproof, or warning, is an excellent test of spiritual state. The Christian who desires to be preserved from sin, (and none are Christians who do not,) will bl. ss the faithful word of caution which prevents, perhaps, his return to the world and his destruction with it.

Thirdly. They owe to one another great faithfulness of reproof when sin has been actually committed. The first effort is to keep from sin, the next to recover from it. “Thou shalt not,” was the ancient command, “hate thy brother in thine heart; thou shalt in any wise rebuke thy neighbour, and not suffer sin upon him.” Lev. xix. 17. “ If thy brother,” says our Lord, “trespass against thee, go and tell him his fault between thee and him alone,” &c., Matt. xviii. 15. The faithful administration of rebuke is, no doubt, a very self-denying duty. It is painful to flesh and blood. Numbers shrink from the discharge of it. It might subject them to misrepresentation and calumny; it might injure their business, or expose them to ill-will and hatred. Why should they encounter such inconvenience and injury? I answer, and the answer will be sufficient for a Christian, “Be

your Master enjoins it—because Christian love demands it.” Can you suffer sin upon your brother ? Will you expose him to the danger of repeating his transgression, and searing his conscience, and confirming himself in impenitence, and ruining his body, and damning his soul, rather than suffer the momentary pain which the discharge of an unpleasant duty would cost you? Call not yourself a Christian if you can permit yourself to act thus; for your conduct indicates the vilest selfishness. It prefers a few moments, or it may be hours, of your own ease, to the eternal happiness of


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