the English Minister, to avert a Rupture.-Alarm Despondence in Greece.- Deplorable Condition
ing State of Constantinople, and Efforts of the of Greece in the end of 1825 and opening of 1826.
Embassadors.- Formation of a Constitution, and - Commencement of the Negotiations for the In.
Proclamation of independence of Greece.-Ca dependence of Greece.-Conclusion of the first
pitulation of Ali Pacha.-Perfidious Seizure and Protocol in favor of the Greeks.-Its Provisions.
Death of Ali Pacha.–Sensation this produced at --Operations in Attica.-Deplorable Situation of
Constantinople.-Turkish Plan of the campaign. Greece at this Period.-Naval Operations.-Pro-
-Success of the Fleet, and Defeat of Chourchid gress of the Siege of Athens.-Unsuccessful At.
Pacha by the Souliotes.-Extension of the Insur. tempts to raise the Siege of Athens, and its Fall.
rection to Chios.-Frightful Massacre in the Isl -Treaty of 6th July.--Its Provisions.-Counter
and by the Turks.-General Massacre in the Isl Manifesto of the Porte.-Strength of the allied
and.-Signal Retribution which befell the Turks. Squadron. - Preparations of the Porte. — Final
-Operations of the Greek Fleet against the Turks. Note of the Allies to the Porte.--Ibrahim's War
-Successful Attack on the Turkish Fleet.-De of Extermination in the Morea. — Plans of the
struction of the Admiral's Ship.--Renewed Massa Admirals in consequence.-Forces on both sides.
cre in Chios.-Unsuccessful Expedition of Mav Commencement of the Battle. - The Battle,
rocordato into Epirus.--Insurrection, and its Sup and Defeat of the Turks.-Results of the Action.
pression, in Macedonia.-Grand Invasion of the --Ibrahim's Proceedings after the Battle.-Final
Morea.--Dangerous Position of the Turks, and Rupture of the Turks with the allied Powers.-
able Measures of the Greeks.-Disastrous Retreat Universal Transports in Greece at the Battle.-
of the Turks. Further Successes of the Greeks. Immense Sensation produced by the News over
-First Siege of Missolonghi.- Operations in Cy. Christendom.-Who was the Aggressor at Nava-
prus and Crete.-Fall of Napoli di Romania. rino ?-The Greek War was a Strife of Religion
Fresh naval Successes of the Greeks.-Destruc and Race, not Principles.-The great Error com-
tion of another Turkish Ship of the Line.-Glo. mitted was, that the European Nations did not
rious Results of this Campaign to the Greeks. sooner interfere, and in behalf of the Greeks.-
Their Losses.-Dreadful Earthquakes in Asia Mi. Difficulty of the Eastern Question.—The Divi-
nor.–Negotiations with Russia during the Year. sion of Race and Religion in Turkey is no Bar
-The Congress of Verona declines to recognize to the Establishment of a Christian Monarchy:-
the Greek State. -Revolution at Constantinople Prosperous Condition of Greece since its Inde.
in favor of the Janizaries.--Dreadful Fire at Con. pendence.
stantinople in Spring 1823.- Preparations of the
Turks for the next Campaign. - Destruction of
Part of Drama-Ali's Corps by Niketas.-Divi-
sions among the Greeks.--Plan of the Campaign RUSSIA AND TURKEY, FROM THE ACCESSION OF
NICHOLAS IN 1825, TO THE PEACE OF ADRIANO-
on the part of the Turks. -- Dispositions of the
Greeks. -Early Successes of the Greeks.-Vic-
PLE IN 1830.
tory of the Greeks on Mount Helicon.-Divi. All the Wars of Europe, from 1815 to 1830, were
sions among the Greeks in the Morea.-Revolt Wars with the Mohammedans. - Rupture with
of the Albanians, and Advance of the Pacha of the Mohammedan Powers on the Accession of
Scodra.-Nocturnal Surprise of the Turks, and Nicholas. - Advantages gained by Russia over
Death of Mark Bozzaris.-Commencement of the Persia.-Repeated Defeats of the Persians by the
Siege of Anatolico.-Operations in Candia dur Russians. Statistics of Russia at this period.--
ing 1823.–Naval Campaign of 1823.-Increased State of the Negotiations between Russia and
Dissensions in the Morea.—Increasing Interest Turkey: – Measures contemplated against the
in Greece abroad. Arrival of Lord Byron at Mis Janizaries.—New Statute regarding the Janiza-
solonghi.--Continued Divisions of the Greeks. ries.-Insurrection of the Janizaries.-Vigorous
Contraction of the Greek Loan. - Preparations Measures of Sultan Mahmoud. - Defeat of the
and Plan of the Campaign by the Turks.-Oper. Janizaries.--Cruel Executions in Constantino
ations of the Turks in the Archipelago.— Attack ple.-Effect of this Revolution on the Negotia-
on Spezzia and Ipsara.-Capture and Destruc. tions with Russia.-Civil Reforms of the Sultan.
tion of Ipsara.-Glorious Resistance of the Psar -Conferences at Ackerman, and Demands of
riotes. - Immense Spoil made by the Turks in Russia.--The Russian Demands are acceded to
Ipsara. — Gallant Conduct of the Greeks after without Reservation. - Its Provisions. - Their
this Disaster.-Defeat of the Turks in the Straits disastrous Consequences to Turkey. - Sultan
of Samos.-Junction of the Turkish and Egyp Mahmoud continues his Reforms.-Internal Re.
tian Fleets. – Naval Victories of the Greeks. forms of Nicholas in Russia.-Operations in Per-
Land Operations in Eastern Greece. — Results sia. - Battle of Djevan-Boulak. - Battle of the
of the Campaign by Sea and Land.-Renewed Abbarane. — Fall of Sardarabad and Erivan.-
Dissensions in Greece.—Death of Odysseus. Capture of Tauris:-Peace with Persia.—Prepa-
Curious Statistics of Athens and Attica.-Favor. rations of Russia for a War with Turkey:-Fresh
able Prospects of Greece in the opening of 1825. Rupture with Persia, and Conclusion of the Peace
--- Preparations of the Turks.-Landing of Ibra. at Tourkmantchai.-Mutual Recriminations of
him Pacha at Modon.-Defeat of the Greeks by the Russians and Turks.-Forces of the Rus.
Ibrahim Pacha.-Capture of Sphacteria by Ibra sians. - Passage of the Pruth, and Commence-
him.-Capture of Navarino.-
Naval Successes ment of the Campaign. - Preparations of the
of the Greeks.–Victory of Sakhtouri over the Turks. --Forces they had collected in Europe
Capitan Pacha.-Successes of Ibrahim, and gal and Asia.-Russian Plan of the Campaign, and
lant Resistance near Arcadia.–Further Success its Dangers.--Which was mainly based on the
es of Ibrahim, and Capture of Tripolitza.-Fresh Command of the Sea.-Passage of the Danube
Defeat of the Greeks. — Commencement of the by the Russians. — First Operations : Fall of
second Siege of Missolonghi, and Description of Kustendji.-Siege of Brahilov : its Description,
the Place.-- First Operations of the Siege.--Rais. -Commencement of the Siege.-Bloody Repulse
ing of the Blockade of Missolonghi by Sea.-At of the Assault.-Fall of the Place. Further Suc.
tack on the Town by a Mound, and its Defeat. cesses of the Russians, and Turkish System of
A third Assault is repulsed.-Critical Position Defense.-Capture of Anapa by the Russians.-
of the Turks, and Preparations of the Sultan. Combat of Bazardjik.-Further Cavalry Actions.
Heroic Spirit of the Garrison.-Progress of the - General Cavalry Action before Schumla. -
Turks.-Noble final Resolution of the Garrison. Blockade of Schumla, and Plans of the Russians.
-Greek Plan of a general Sortie.-Commence - Journey of the Emperor to Odessa, and Meas-
ment of the Sortie.Issue of the Sortie.--Vast ures adopted there.--Position of the Russians.
Effects of the Siege of Missolonghi, and general Defensive Measures of the Turks.Operations