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that this right does not belong to a state formed that instrument, assembled in in the Union, but was virtually surren- its ratification, and reserved to them. dered when "the united colonies" selves all righ's not delegated to the agreed to forin a single nation.
general Government. That the “ united colonies" having Resolved, That the separate sove. agreed with the other states to form a reignty of the state is in no degree single nation, no state from that period jaffected by their delegating a part of possesses any right to accede. “To their powers, to be exercised through a say that any state may at pleasure se- ljoint agency, called the Government of cele from the Union, is to say that the the United States, whose laws are alone United States are not a nation, and that supreme and binding on the states when sccession, like any other revolutionary made in pursuance of the constitusion. right, is only to be justified by the ex-We therefore utterly deny the Aimsy tremity of oppression.”
sophism,' that a state is not sovereign That a state having no right to de- beciuse its citizens are bound to obey a cide in the last resort, whether the constitutional law of the United States compact has been preserved or violated, made in strict conformity with an exthis right devolving exclusively on the press power, which in her sovereignty department of the Federal Government, such state has clearly delegated. the executive has the power to enforee Resolved, That the claim which the by military coercion what he believes President of the United States has set up to be constitutional law, although de- by his previous acts, and the context and clared otherwise by a sovereign party to tenour of the aforesaid proclamation, of the compact.
being himself the final and exclusive. Resolved, That this meeting view judge of the constitutional validity of with equal astonishment and indigna- the laws, which he is called upon to ex-, tion the claims of power set forth in the ecute, coupled with an avowed negation foregoing summary, which is a correct on his part of the right of a similar naexpuşiiion of the doctrines contained in ture, appertaining to a sovereign party the text of the aforesaid manifesto. to the compac, not only puts “un infe
Resolved, That the alleged origin of rior department of the Government, the Government of this confederacy, as created by the compact above the soveset forth in the said proclaination, is reign parties to the compact itself," but historically untrue. That by disinge- stoops at nothing short of concentrating nuous verbal refinements, its authentic in the hands of a single functionary the history has been perverted to the ex- whole power of a union. traordinary purpose of erecting on the Resolved, That we view with abhorruins of the sovereignty of the several rence the direct and immediate corollary states a great con:olidated Government flowing from the aforesaid premises in “ without limitation of powers.” the aforesaid proclamation - To wit:
Resolved, That it is an unfounded That no state has a right peaceably to reproach to the inemories of the great secede from this union. and immortal spirits who declared our Resolved, That we regard the ulterior independence and formed the confede- right of secession as inscparable from ration of 1776, to say that a consoli- the sovereign character of the parties to dated Government was created by them, the compact, that no claim to perpeand not a confederacy of free, sovereign, tuity is set up in the instrument itself, and independent states.
not among the enumerated powers in Resolved, That the allegation also any power given to the general Governmade in the aforesaid proclamation, that ment to coerce, a seceding state into the by the constitution of the United States Union. And hence it ceases to be a. a similar consolidation of the Govern- subject of surprise, that in expounding ment is ratified, is equally without foun- a written instrument in which no such dation, as is proved by the separate and power is found, the President should distinct capacity in which the states have taken refuge in the poor resource
of all arbitrary Governments for the jus- | liberties ofour country should be daringly tification of this power-the stale ind/ assailed; and we exhort our fellow-citidangerous pretext of state necessity. zens to persevere in these public-spirited
With these views and se:timents, wel efforts. not only affirm the right of a state Resolved, That tiiis meeting has peaceably to secede from the Union, viewed with indignation the concentrashould any occasion unhappily arise to tion, by the Government of the United require the exercise of such a right, but States, of military and naral forces in are prepared to peril, if need be, our this harbour, and on tlie frontiers of lives in the assertion of this claim, ko South Carolina, such concentration being essential to the civil and political liberty uncalled for by any public exigency; of the states.
and if intended to control public opinion Resolved, Thatif we are shocked at the by appealing to our fears to carry into principles of arbitrary power which are effect the proclamation of the President, avowed in the aforesaid proclamation, wemust regard it as an impotent attempt we are equally mortified at the undig- to accomplish a most unwarrantable nified vituperation and reproach in purpose by unlawful means ; an attempt which the President has been pleased to which could only have originated in a indulge in the same against a sovereign total ignorance of the true character state in this Union, acting through the and condition of our citizens, whose past highest organs of the coustituted au- bistory has shown, that while they can thority. Nor are we the less indignant be conciliated by kindness, they cannot at the menaces of military coercion by be driven from their purposes by threats. which the enforcement of an unjustl Resolved, That although we have felt system of Government is threatened, it to be a sacred duty to manifest these and which we are prepared to meet in a determinations, and to express these manner that shall become the high du- sentiments, we have nevertheless seen ties we owe to our posterity.
with lively satisfaction not only the inResolved, That we highly approve the dications of a beneficial modification of manner with which the legislature of the tariff, but the expression of sentiour state and its executive have met the ments in both branches of Congress, as crisis presented by the aforesaid pro- well as in other quarters, auspicious to clamation, and have every reason to the peace and hurinony of the Union, feel a just pride in the lofty spirit of the and that these indications shall be met people of our state, who are prepared by corresponding dispositions on our with united hearts, and strong arms, to part—it is hereby declared, that it is the fly to her standard, in vindication of her sense of this meeting, that pending the dearest rights and liberties.
process of the measures here alluded Resolved. That the whole state-rights to, on all occasional collision between and free-trade party of Charleston will the federal and state authorities should volunteer en inasse to the Governor; be sedulously avoided on both sides, in and that four citizens from each ward, I the hope that the painful controversy in and six from the neck, be appointed by which South Carolina is now engaged the Chair to receive their enrolment, may be thereby satisfactorily adjusted, that they may be organized and arranged and the Union of the states be estabto such uniform and beat companies as lished on a sure foundation, may suit their several inclinations, lo- Resolved, Should these expectations, cality, and convenience.
which we sincerely and patriotically Resolved, That we have seen, with cherish, be disappointed, and the state the most lively satisfaction, the patriotic be left to no other resource but in a firm spirit which has impelled the citizens of reliance on her own sovereignty, we mur the country parishes composing this dis- tually pledge ourselves to each other trict to organize volunteer troons of and our country, to sustain the ordimounted gunmen, for the purpose of re- nance of her convention laws, made in pairing to this city in case the public consequence thereof, and our consti
tuted authorities, be the hazards what / with dictatorial powers, and giving to they may. And in order that our citi. the executive, to a certain extent, an zens may be shielded from the payment absolute control over the lives, liberties, of the protecting duties imposed by the and property of the people. act of Congress, pronounced by the con- Resolved, That the proposition made vention of the people of South Carolina by the President to supersede the jurisunconstitutional, null, and void, the diction of the courts of this state over chairman of this meeting is hereby re- lour own citizens, in cases arising quested and authorised to nominate and under her ordinance and laws;'and givassociate with himself three commis- ing to the federal courts an absolute sioners to open a correspondence with control over the judicial tribunal of the the citizens of the different districts and state, would, if carried into effect, be parishes in the state, for the purpose of utterly subversive not only of the rights organizing and forming a free-trade im- of the states, but of every principle of porting company, in order that, if prac- civil and political liberty; and if subticable, the whole of the articles of fo- mitted to, would establish amongst us a reign merchandize consumed by the foreign judicature having cognizance of people of this state may hereafter be our state laws, and giving judgment in imported, free from the odious and un- cases arising between our own citizens, constitutional tribute which we have contrary to the whole form and struchitherto paid.
ture of our Government, and in manifest Resolved, That while this meeting violation of the constitution, both of the sees with satisfaction from the Presi- state and of the United States. dent's recent message to Congress, that Resolved, That while we cannot subhe now acknowledges that, under the mit to the imputation of having acted existing laws and constitution of the rashly or unwarrantably in adopting meaUnited States, he has no right to resort sures of defence in reference to a system to MILITARY FORCE, for the purpose of against which South Carolina has been coercing the state, and of enforcing in vain protesting for upwards of ten within her limits those acts which have years, we deem it proper once more sobeen pronounced by her convention to lemnly and publicly to disclaim all the be "unconstitutionally void, and no objects which have been imputed to us, law.” Yet we cannot avoid the ex- save only that of relieving ourselves pression of our regret at the reitera- from the operation of a system which tion by the President of the im- we believe in the strong language putation upon our citizens and con- once held by our political opponents stituted authorities, of a design to levy themselves) to be “utterly unconstituwar, or commit some act of outrage tional, grossly unequal and oppressive, against the United States, when all our and such an abuse of power as is inmeasures, as well as our public declara- compatible with the principles of a free tions, have manifested a determination Government, and the great ends of civil not to resort to force, except the same society," and which we still believe should become absolutely necessary, in must, if persevered in, reduce this ferself-defence, to repel invasion, or to tile state to poverty and utter desola. maintain within our own limits the au- tion, and her citizens to a condition of thorities, rights, and liberties apper-colonial vassalage. taining to the people of South Carolina, Resolved, That the executive comas a sovereign state.
mittee of thirteen of the state-rights Resolved, That we should regard the and free-trade party be revived, and that conferring by Congress upon the Presi- they be authorised and requested to take dent of ihe extraordinary powers de- the proper measures, and that the whole manded in his recent message, as a gross party in the parishes of St. Philip and and palpable violation of the constitu- St. Michael may be organized in such tion of the United States, as investing a manner, as, when called upon to aid the chief magistrate of this confederacy peaceably in our civil capacity as citi
zens, by the civil authorities of our state, good and true garden seeds, requires ; it may be done with all possible promp- that you be seitled upon some sufficient titude, energy, and effect.
space of ground for srveral successive Upon taking the question on the pre- years; and it has been my lot to live amble and resolutions, the same were under a Government, which, if you take | adopted without a dissenting voice. the liberty to differ from it in opinion, : Committees were appointed under the has taken care to prevent you, by hook · resolution to raise volunteers.
or by crook, from being set:led in any Importing committee -J. Hamilton, place, except one of its prisons, for any - jun., C. J. Čolcock, Ker Boyce. considerable length of time Since,
On the motion of Colonel John Bryan, however, it, in a lucky hour, ha:/ the it was
wisdom to pass PEEL's Bill, it has Resolved, That we, the volunteers of been rather less rummaging; though it the city and district of Charleston, will certainly meant well towards me in the wear a blue cockade, with the Palmetto year 1831. I have, however, been sufbutton in the centre, so long as our ser-fered to remain long enough at KENvices shall be deemed necessary, in SINGTON to bring the seeds of a good maintaining the rights of the State of many plants to what I deem perfection, South Carolina; and all persons through and others nearly to that state; and I out the district, who have determined to support the state against military coer for the purpose of raising garden seeds cion on the part of the general Govern- upon a greater scale than I was able to ment, be and are hereby requested to do do it at KENSINGTON ; this year I have the same.
raised a considerable quantity of seeds, The meeting separated at ten o'clock. which I now offer for sale in the fol
lowing manner, and on the following
terms. GARDEN SEEDS.
It does not suit me to keep a seedI, some time ago, notified my inten- shop, and to retail seeds by the small tion of selling garden seeds this winter ; I quantity ; but to make up packages, and I am now prepared to do it. Those each sufficient for a garden for the year, who have read my writings on Agri- and to sell that package for a fixed sum CULTURE and GARDENING, and particu- of money. When I was driven to Long larly my “ ENGLISH GARDENER,” Island by SidmouTI's dungeon bill, will have perceived that I set forth, and when the Hampshire parsons and with much pains, the vast importance SIDMOUTH and CASTLERIAGH chuckled of being extremely careful with regard at the thought of my being gone to to the seeds which one sows : and, as mope away my life in melancholy, in to which matter, there are two things the United States; and when the fato be attended to ; first, the genuineness mous traveller, Mr. FEAROX, brought of the seeds; and next, as to their home word, that I was whiling away my soundness. The former is the more life in a dilapidated country house, the important point of the two; for it is a paths to which were over-run with great deal better to have no plants at thistles and brambles; whien Mr. Feaall, than to liave things come up, and, RON, that accurate observer, exclaimed, at the end of a month or two, to find in the language of his brother Solothat you have got a parcel of stuff, not MON, “Lo! it was all grown over with at all resembling that which you thought " thorns, and nettles covered the face you were about to have. Those who " thereof, and the post and rail fence have read my Gardening Book, chap. 4, " thereof was broken down ;” when Will want very little more to convince Mr. FEARON, in the fulness of his cointhem of the importance of this matter. I passion, was thus exclaiming, I, though
have always taken great delight in he found me in a pair of Yankee having perfect plants of every descrip- trousers not worth a groat, was pre
4; but, to get into the way of raising | paring to sell seeds in a house
at New YORK, for which I gave four-money. While, therefore, I have a teen hundred dollars a year. In short, right to proceed in my manner, he does I imported a great quantity of seeds nothing wrong. By ihe lists, which I from London, which I sold principally publish below, the reader will perceive in the following manner:
that, to the garden seeds I have added I had little box's made, into each of the seeds of several annual flowers. which I put a sufficiency of each sort of They are not of very rare kinds; but seeds for a gentleman's garden for the they are all very pretty; and, even these year. The large seeds were in paper flower seeds alone, if purchased at a bags, and the smaller seeds in papers. seedsman's, would come, and ought to In the box along with the seeds, 1 ; ut come, to pretty nearly one half of the a printed paper containing a list of the money which I charge for the whole. names of the several seeds, and against Of some of the sorts of seeds the pureach name the number, from numbers chaser will think the quantity small; one to the end : then, there were cor- land, of these the cauliflower is one; responding numbers marked upon the but, it must be a thundering garden that bags and the parcels. So that, to know requires more than three hundred caulithe sort of seed, the purchaser had no- flower plants ; and, if carefully sowed, thing to do but to look at the numbers ayreeably to the directions in my Gar. on the parcels and then to look at the dening Book, the seed which I put up is list. Many of these boxes of seeds went more than sufficient for any gentleman's as far as Lower Canada to the north, garden; and I will pledge myself for the and into the FLORIDAS, to New OR- Soundvess of every individual seed. In JEANS, and even to the West India is the small bag, the quantity is in pro. lands, to the south; and the net pro-portion to the price. Authors always ceeds were amongst the means of ena- want people to read their books; or, to bling me to prance about the country; purchase them at least. The reader will amongst the means of enabling me to not, therefore, be surprised, that I most lead a pleasant life ; of enabling me to earnestly exhort all those who buy my stretch my long arns across the Atlantic, I seeds, io buy my book, too, and even and to keep up the thumping upon Cor. then they will not have half so much to ruption, which I did to some lune. pay as if they had to purchase the seeds
I intend to dispose of my seeds in the of a seedsman. . same manner now, except that I shall I have only one fear upon this occause coarse linen bags instead of boxes. sion, and that is, that gentlemen's gar
The several parcels of seeds will he put deners, who are in the habit of dealing up either in paper bags or paper parcels; with seedsmen, and who are apt to adand a printed list with the names and here too literally to that text of Scrip. numbers will be prepared ; and, then, ture, which says that “he who sowetk the parcels and the list will be put into abundanıly shall reap abundantly;" but, the linen bag, and sewed up, and will begging their pardon, this does not be ready to be sent away to any person mean covering the ground with the who may want it.
seeds, which, though it may produce A bag for a considerable garden ; a abundant reaping to the seedsman, is garden of the better part of an acre, far from having that tendency with reperhaps, will be sold for twenty-five gard to the crop. Thick sowing is, shillinys; and for a smaller garden, indeed, injurious in three ways : first, for twelve shillings and sixpence. These it is a waste of seed and of money, of seeds, if bought at the shop of a seeds- which it is actually a flinging away of man, would come to more than three both : second, it makes work in the times the money; and so they ought :(thinning out of the plants : third, the for the seedsman has his expensive plants will never be so fine if they shop to keep ; has his books to come up thick. Therefore, in my keep; has his credit to give, and has Gardening Book, chapter 4, beginning his seeds to purchase with his ready at paragraph.85, I take very great pains