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it. The next petition was from Padi-, which was to put the lives and liberties ham, in Lancashire ; one from Hyde, of his Majesty's subjects at the mercy in Cheshire ; and one from Keightley, of military officers. The next was a in Yorkshire, the latter praying the petition from the parish of Westport, in House to pause before it adopted a the county of Mayo, having the same measure of coercion with regard to Ire- ohject in view; and predicting, as he land, and to do away with the tithes (Mr. Cobbett) did, that the bill would and the Irish hierarchy. These mea- not pass ; at all events, without very sures the petitioners stated to be the only considerable alterations. The next means of restoring peace and tranquillity peticions upon the same subject were in that country. The next was from froin the town of Galway, from Tacum. Deptford and Greenwich, signed by six shaw, in the county of Wexford, and or seven thousand persons, praving the from Ballynaslaney; then he had one House not to pass a law which was to from the members of the Westminster cause the King's subjects to be tried Society for the Diffusion of really Usehefore officers in the army, who were ful Knowledge. The latter was not from wholly dependent for their bread on the the society that was patronised by high pleasure of the King's servants. The authority, but from one which showed

next was from Congleton, in Cheshire, the people the manner in which they in the petitioners of which felt convinced were fleeced, and how the money was

that this measure was intended to be taken from their pockets-(hear, hear); only the first step in that career of ty- not from a society, whose object was to ranny which would finally end in the make them content with empty bellies, total slavery of the people, or in a con- but from one that taught them how vulsion which would overthrow the they were taxed, while those who reGovernment. The next was from Bar- ceived the taxes escaped taxation altotonstreet, in Yorkshire, declaring the gether. They besought the House not measure to be unnecessary and unconsti- to pass the bill in any form or shape tutional. Petitions also to the same whatever, but particularly deprecated effect froin Stratford-on-Avon, from the establishment of military tribunals, Bledington, in Gloucestershire, and which, if once introduced into Ireland, from the parish of Eastry, in Kent, they foresaw would soon be introduced signed by all the freeholders in that into England. (Hear, hear). The next parish except one. The petitioners per- petition was from Warrington, very nuceived that the present measure was, merously signed, and a very sensible only a stepping-stone to the introduc- petition it was, praying that martial-law tion of a similar one into England ; that might not be established in Ireland, and it was intended to continue the predicting that if it were, it would soon grinding system of taxation by means be established here. The people all of military law; they relied upon the saw, from one end of the country to House, as he (Mr. Cobbelt) relied that the other, that that would be the case, they would not pass it. The next was and they were resolved to resist it if from a parish in the county of Mayo, they could. They said if it were done, àsserting, as all petitions from that our constitution would be a mere mockcounty had done, that the statements ery. He cordially agreed with them; which had been made of its disturbed | nay, he thought it would be much worse condition were entirely void of founda-than a mere inockery; it would be the tion. He presented petitions also from grossest insult to talk of the constituCastle-Jordan, in King's county; from tion. After reading the definition of a the body of shoemakers in the town of constitution, given by Blackstone, no Galway ; from the inhabitants of Clon- person would have the impudence to priest, Mayo, and from Melinagh, in talk of the constitution in any sensible Ireland. The latter prayed the House company, if martial-law should be in, to take their grievances into considerá- troduced into Ireland; there would, in tion, and to refuse their assent to a bill fact, be no such thing as the constitution. The next petition was from Cas- | to the House, and in a manner to be tlebar, in the county of Mayo, against approved of by the clerk of the House. the substitution of courts-martial for That would be the way to get rid of the trial by jury. This was the grand hinge, petitions; but if the systein was to be and nothing could be so unpalatable to continued, of reading only the headings the people, as that the liberties of his of them, and if some days hon. Mem. Majesty's subjects should be dependent, bers might speak about them, and upon the appointment of a few young sometimes they might not, the people officers. Ambition and dread of po- would get out of temper; they would verty both operate powerfully in their get dissatisfied with the House ; they minds (the strongest stimulants the would consider themselves ill-treated, human mind can have), to make them and it would not be difficult to conjecobey the commands of Government. ture what the consequence would be, The next petition was from Enniskeen. He was sure he should not be thought The next was from the parish of St. out of order, if he made a few observaMichael, Dublin. The next was from tions on the contents of the petitions she borough of Southwark, in Surrey. before him. As he had said, there were The next was from the parish of St. thirty of them; and one speech (if it George the Martyr, Middlesex, against could be called so) for thirty petitions, what the petitioners called the red-coat could not be considered out of the way. court-of-justice bill. (Laughter). The (Hear). If every gentleman only made Dext was from the inhabitants of West- one speech on the presentation of thirty minster, to the same effect ; but he petitions, they should get on pretty would not repeat the name the peti- well. The first which he would pretioners gare to the bill He believed sent, was the petition from Guildford, they were quite in order in the appel in the western division of the county of lation they affixed to it, but he did Surrey; and he presented that petition not like to pronounce it. The next pe- first, for several reasons, because it occa

ition was from the inhabitants of Mary- sioned in his mind feelings of pleasure, of bonne ; and the last was from the pride, of sorrow, and of shame. (Hear, Tower Hamlets, also against the bill. I hear). Of pleasure, because there was The hon. Member then said, that there a body of Englishmen the most peacewere thus thirty petitions on the table able, the best-disposed, and the most before them, the presentation of which lindustrious in England, who proved had been intrusted to him ; but as it that they had a fellow-feeling for the would be vexatious to read them all people of Ireland, and had come forthrongh, he should not press for leave to ward to express their feelings in the do so. His opinion was, however, that most sensible manner; of pride, beit would be much more gratifying to cause this petition came from the spot the petitioners to have no speeches on which he himself was born; of sore made on the presentation of their peti- row, because there were circumstances tions, but that their petitions be read, which had prevented the petitioners and afterwards printed. What the pe- sending their petitions by their own imtitioners wanted was, in the first place, to mediate representative; of shame, bebe heard, and the next thing they wanted cause it was notorious that he himself was to have their words put on record. had made extraordinary exertions to seAs to expense, he would undertaketo find cure the return of that representative. a printer who would print them all for The petition from Huddersfield was less than the sinecure of Lord Grenville deserving of great attention. He was himself. Lord Grenville had had 4,0001. sorry he did not see the hon. Member a year for doing nothing, and God for Huddersfield in his place, who had knew he had had it long enough. lately spoken respecting the condition Now, for 4,000l.; a year, he would of the people of Huddersfield. He undertake to find a printer who would said that the labouring manufacturers print every petition that was presented there were earning two shillings at least, and in general three shillings afaet was, Ministers had been beat in the day. By his representation, therefore, the elections in Ireland. They saw a small people there were not a parcel of paupers, band of members returned to that and this was a petition signed by 9,300 House, who were determined to do the of them, praying that this bill might people's work (cheers), and that was not pass into a law, and expressing the the reason why that bill had been greatest disapproval of it. They prayed | brought forward. It was not a bill diThat military law might not be esta-rected against Whitefeet or Blackfeet. blished in Ireland, because, if the or why put a stop to meetings in the House allowed it, they anticipated open day? Why should members of that the same would be extended to Parliament be subjected to its opera- Eogland. They further said that they tion, or why should those accused of would, by all legal means, resist the libelling be dragged before those milibill, and every other of a similar de- tary officers ? Members of Parliament scription. He should now state the were not midnight marauders ; libellers general opinion and prayer of the peti- were not Whitefeet or Blackfeet. The tioners. They said that they saw no petitioners said, the measure was not proof produced by the Ministry to introduced for the protection of persons show that such a measure was necessary; and property; no, not even of the par- they said that all the pretended proof sons, but for the purpose of upholding

adduced by Ministers, if produced in a the odious system of tithes. They were court of law, would not be sufficient to for the abolition of tithes in England,

send a beggar to a whipping-post. It as well as in Ireland, and they consi- . - was all hearsay evidence; not only dered this bill as merely a warning-as hearsay, but anonymous ; and how was much as to say, “ Take care what you the House to know but that it was got " are about; take care of what you say. from spies, who were paid out of the “ This bill is a mere trial of the patience secret-service money? One of the peo“ of the people, and the provisions of it titions stated (he believed the Hudders-“ may be extended to England.” (Hear, field one) that they were astonished to hear). He could assure the House that observe that no clause was introduced tithes were far from being popular in to protect members of that House from England, and would never have been the operation of the bill. He had never paid so long in England, had it not been seen or heard of an oppressive bill being for the constant presence of soldiers and passed without such a clause being in- bayonets amongst the people. No doubt troduced. No such bill as this, without it was a hopeless sort of resistance such a clause, was ever introduced even when naked breasts were opposed to

in the times of Sidmouth and Castle- bayonets, but there might be circum{reagh; no, not even in the time of the stances to blunt the bayonets before

tyrant Pitt. In every former bill of they reached the breast. There was

this sort there had been a provision, no man in his senses but must see í that a member of that House could not that his Majesty's servants intended

be sent to prison, till a complaint had to reduce the whole of the country been brought before the House, and it to military law. (Cries of Oh, oh! No, had decided upon the imprisonment of no). He said, yes, yes. No man in the member. But this bill was aimed at his senses-no man who was not born the Members. By this bill he might an idiot, but must see it; but let the go to Ireland one day, next day a pro-people only he convinced that that was

clamation might come out in the morn- the intention, then a struggle would poi ing; he might be seized, taken before take place such as never had been seen

some of the red-coated gentry in the in this country. He had always been afternoon, and next day he might be in the advocate of a government of King,

Botany Bay (general laughter), on his Lords, and Commons. But if there be į road to Botany Bay. (Renewed laughter). Ja Government of King, Lords, and

Well, then, sailing to Botany Bay. The Commons, to give us courts-martial to

be tried hy instead of judges and juries; “ promised, but not performed; he if they were to take the constitution" meant the extinction of tithes. (Hear, from England, the same as they were “ hear). It was in the confidence that about doing from Ireland; then if it " these measures would be brought was reduced to a question whether thre“ forward that he now supported his Government should be destroyed or the “Majesty's Government. (Hear, hear). people enslaved, he should do all in" He did not mean to disguise his feelhis power to prevent the latter. "ings on the subject, but he must say,

After this, I presented my petitions, “ that never did the country, at any one by one, the clerk reading the titles“ moment, place such confidence in men of them and the prayers, and then put-" as they did in the present Ministers; ting them by to be carried afterwards" and if they did not exercise that conbefore the inspecting committee. Other“ fidence for the good of the country, members then came on with their peti-" he was sure it would be quite impostions ; but first, Mr. STRICKLAND, one “sible for them to carry the present of the members for the West Riding of “ measure. He hoped and trusted Mi. Yorkshire, rose, and made observations: nisters would immediately bring forof which the following is the report“ ward those measures to which he had given in the Morning Chronicle; and, “ adverted, redeeming every pledge they indeed, he could not very well remain “ had made, and thereby preventing the silent after so large a part of his consti- " expectations of the public from being tuents had charged me with the pre- " disappointed.” senting of their petitions. I do not pre | “Mr. FIELDEN said, that he had been tend to be answerable for the very words, “ requested to support the petition from but the report is, I believe, substantially " Huddersfield and others from the correct.

“ North, presented by his hon. Col"Mr. STRICKLAND felt called upon “ league ; and in doing so with perfect “ to say a few words, in consequence of “ cordiality, he took the opportunity of “ two of the petitions which the hon. “ observing, that the hon. Member for “Member had presented-namely, those “ the West Riding of Yorkshire had “ from Huddersfield and Keightley. He “ told us, that he gave his support to “ knew many of those petitioners, who “ the Ministers in the measure relative “ were men of the utmost respectability,“ to Ireland, because he considered it " and he felt convinced that they had " to be necessary, and because it was “no wish whatever to express their “ accompanied by a promise of remedial “ opinions too strongly; but the senti- /" measures, aniongst others, the total “ ments of freedom were strongly inhe- /" extinction of tithes, which he thought “ rent in ther. He could, however, “ indispensable for securing the peace “ not go to the full extent of support " of Ireland; a promise, which he, (Mr. “ ing all parts of the prayers of these “ F.) had not heard made to the House: “ petitions, because he deviated froin “commutation had, indeed, been spoken " them upon this point, whether or not "of; but that was a very different thing 6. it had been proved by his Majesty's" from lotal extinction. Mr.F. said, that “ Government that there was a case of " no case of necessity for the Irish Bill “ necessity for the course they had "had been made out to satisfy him, and " adopted, and he thought that a tem- " no proof produced, that the measure, “ porary departure from the constitution “ terrible as it was, would be effective 66 ought to be allowed for the protection" in the producing of peace and content “ of life and property. (Hear, hear). I“ in Ireland; and he, therefore, thought " He should not support Government in " it his duty to support all the petitions, " the present measures, if he was not “ praying the House not to adopt this “ fully convinced they would carry on" measure; and he most fervently hoped “ every desirable reform in the institu- /" that the House would not disregard " tions of the country, and would, with " those prayers." As out delay, effect that which had been Colonel Williams, member for Ash

ton-under-Lyne, upon presenting pe- not being in time to present a petition titions from Moseley and Stayley- from that public-spirited town, and Bridge, made these observations, thius having committed the petition to the reported in the Morning Chronicle :- care of Mr. Gilion, who was in town, “Colonel Williams presented two simi-chese two gentlemen did full justice to "lar petitions from the hundred of that petition, and more than justice they “ Moseley and from Stavley-Bridge, could not do in endeavouring to give

“both in the parish of Ashton-under- weight and consideration to the prayers * Lynę. The petitioners regretted the of the petitioners, wlio, without any one

"introduction of the Coercive Bill, as single exception, are as much entitled to " being founded neither in necessity, be heard and attended to, as any per"justice, nor humanity, but as subver- soos in this whole kingdom. “sive of every fundamental principle! Now, as to other matters, which are “ of free government. In his (Colonel before the House and coming before it, “ Williams's) opinion, the power given the division, on Monday night, on the " in this bill ought to be intrusted to Irish Church Reforin Bill, was curious! “no ministry. He did not mean to say Only 48 for furiher delay out of nearly " that he thought his Majesty's present 500! I voted against Old Bess's Gorernrnent would wish to abuse this Church, and so I would, if the proposi" power, but other Governments might lion had been to take only one hen's egg "succeed them who would be willing from her parsons; but, I did not, by "to take advantage of this bill as a pre that vote, say that the measure satisfied "cedent for the oppression of the people. On the contrary, like “ Catholic " of Englanil. It was principally on emancipation," it will only make the " this ground that he objected to the maiter worse: it recognises the right of " severe measure now before the Parliament to put down the church alto“ House.''

gether, while it makes only a small beThis is the Chronicle's report, which, ginning in the work. When to establish as far as it goes, is substantially correct; oppression is your object, proceed by but it does not go far enough to do the slow degrees; but, if you mean to Colonel justice, for, to the above, he lighten the burden, do it all at once; added this : " With regard to the obtake the whole off ; for, the last pound “servation of the hon. Meinber for weight of ten will seem heavier than the “Oldham, relative to the design, of his whole ten seemed. This measure does “ Majesty's Ministers, if not to believe not take off one pound of the ten; and " that they had a design to introduce it will do nothing but add to the discon“martial-law into England instead oftenis. “ trial bv jury, a man must be a foul, The great question relative to the "he, for his part, was a foul.

stamp duties and auction duties will be • Sir John MAXWELL, in presenting a brought forward by me as soon as the petition from a body of persons in Ren: Irish Court-martial Bill shall be disfrewshire against the bill, for the aboli-posed of; and, I proinise my constition of tithes and the Protestant hierar. tuents, and the people in general, that chy in Ireland, and for the introduction I will bring it forward in a manner of poor-laws into Ireland, said that he which shall either produce new acts of agreed with the petitioners with regard Parliament which shall cause the duties to poor-laws for freland; but that he to be collected fairly in future, or differed from them with regard to the which, at least, shall leave no doubt in rest of their prayer.

the mind of any man living with regard Mr. GILLON, member for the borough to the manner in which the industrious of Lanark, did ample justice to excel- classes have been treated ever since the

ent petitions from that borough, as present laws have been in existence. well as to several other petitions which To those who have written to me upon he presented from his own county ; and, the subject, I have to say, first, that I Mr. WALLACE, Member for Geenock, am very much obliged to them for the

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