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information which they have given me : petition was drawn up in strong terms, their letters may be said to contain the and expressed the opinion of the peti. cries of the aged, the widows, and the tioners that the right hon. Secretary for fatherless. They may be assured of one Ireland was unfit for his office, and of two things ; namely, that either called upon the House to address his these laws must be changed, or we must Majesty for his removal. The hon. be governed under the bill which is now Meinber said, though he voted for going under discussion. I trust that the into committee on the bill, he was former will be the case; and I proinise averse from the court-martial and firemy readers that my propositions upon and-smoke clauses. The hon. Member the subject shall be so clearly just ; also deprecated the manner in which .and, at the same time, so effectual, this bill was being opposed in the south while they shall be moderate and rea- of Ireland, that was by a run upon the sonable, that it will be impossible for banks, and which could only be detrithe Parliament to refuse to adopt mental to the oppositionists themselves, them, without openly declaring that Mr. Ç. FitzsiMON supported the those who live by the sweat of their prayer of the petitions. brow shall continue to toil for those Mr. Finn said the people in Ireland who do nothing.
were only imitating the English people I shall now proceed to notice those when they wished to carry the Reform which I deem very interesting matters, Bill. It was then saidTo stop the and which have occurred within the Duke, go for gold." These occurrences, Jast few days in the House of Com- he said, should convince his Majesty's mons. We are in a crisis ; there must Ministers of the mischievous character be a change: the struggle on the part of this bill. He implored them to pause of the King's servants is to prevent this in time. lehange: if they succeed, which they Mr. CHAPMAN also deprecated the run may, if they please, for they have num- upon the banks in Ireland, as did also bers on their side, the state of the coun- Mr. W. Fitzsimon, and another memtry will be infinitely worse than it was ber, whose name we could not learn. before this reform took place, because, Mr. F. O'Connor said he was of opito suffering will be added disappoint-nion that this run for gold was fraught ment ; disappointment will be followed with the most deplorable consequences. by despair, and of the result of despair
result of despair Mr. CobBett regretted that he should
M. no man can foresee the consequences.
all the But as to numbers, the struggle when ind it necessary to differ from we come to matters of taxation, will hon. Gentlemen around him, upon this Dot be like that which is now going on most important subject. So far was he with regard to the Court-martial Bill for from conjuring the people not to go for Ireland. There are many men, who
gold, that he besought them by all are so positively pledged upon the subject of certain taxes, that it is impos
means to do so. (Great sensation, and sible that the numbers of the Ministers cries of No, no). Fortunately (said the can continue what they are upon this hon. Member), there are not persons Irish bill.
enough here to drown niy voice, or, at Wednesday, 13. March.--At the noon all events, I will endeavour to make mysitting, sone sharp talk arose upon the self heard. A very wise man had said, presenting of a petition from Ireland, that paper-money was strength in the the preser, 'er of which took occasion to beginning, but weakness in the end. express his sorrow and alarm that the Gentleinen might think what they people of Ireland were running upon pleased about the matter, but they might the banks for gold. The debate was be assured that they were destined to somewhat as follows.
o endure military tyranny both in Eng. Mr. G. Evans presented a petition land and Ireland, unless, indeed, it were from Swords against the bill. The for the weakness of the Government oco casioned by this very thing. Yes, he was a great curse and scourge in itself, repeated it, paper-money was weakness but it would at last cure the evil it in the end. It was well known that the created. His advice therefore to the present Ministers would not now have people of Ireland, was by all means run been in their places that the Reform for gold. Honourable Members have Bill would not have passed, and that told us that the people of Ireland would there would therefore have been a violooly add to their sufferings by this lent and a dreadful convulsion in the course of proceeding. This is what the country, had it not been for the paper- people are always told when they use money. The people ran upon the bank means of resistance. Worse off! How for gold, and forty-eight hours would can they be worse off than be every not have passed over, without that bank moment of their lives exposed to be stopping payment, had not Lord Grey seized and crammed into a dungeon, been re-seated in his place. The people without cause assigned! How can they of England, at any rate, then, had got be worse off than io be dragged, at the something by running for gold: he pleasure of the Lord-Lieutenant, before again entreated the people of Ireland to live officers of his army, and be bythém do as the people of England had done. transported for life to Botany Bay with(Great sensation, and cries of No, no). out trial by judge or jury! It was It was said, it would increase their suffer- said, that it would throw the country iogs; but could they be worse off than into confusion; and I should be glad to they now were ? At all events, he said, know what confusion could produce anything rather than subinit to military worse consequences than must naturally despotism. He would rather see Eng- arise out of this bill. land in confusion from one end to the The SPEAKER here rose, but from the other, than such an unconstitutional bill confusion that was occasioned in the as that which was at present before the House, we could not catch what lie House should be passed. He would ra-said. ther, even, that the whole country Mr. COBBert regretted that he should should go to the bottom of the sea; if I have transgressed any rule of the House, he held the island by a string hebut had supposed he was perfectly in would let it go under the water and go order. In conclusion, he remarked, along with it himself, rather than see that Ministers had just now appeared to Englishmen live in submission to a be greatly afraid of political associatyranny like this. A man must be a tions; but he would like to ask them born idiot not to see that this measure what they thought of the new associawas merely a prelude to the introduc- tion for circumventing the King's Gotion of the same thing into England: vernment in the creation of paper-money. and he ventured to predict, that if this He believed they called themselves the measure passed, and were carried into Currency Club. effect in Ireland, we should soon have a Mr. LAMB deprecated Mr. Cobbett's sort of military police established call upon the people to run for gold, from one end of England to the other. and was sure the hon. Member could He believed that the King's servants not point out any good it would do to had it now under consideration to pass the people ; on the contrary, it would a law to establish in this country a po. increase their sufferings. He denied lice force like that in Ireland, a sort that there was any intention of bringof gendarmerie like that in France, ing any thing like a gendarmerie into frome one end of England to another. England. If the noble Lord were sitting upon the Some more petitions were presented treasury bench, he believed he would not against the bill, deny the fact. Against such a measure the people had no protection but the
TODMORDEN PETITION. weakness of the Government, expe. Lord MOLYNBUX, one of the Members rienced from the paper-money. This for the southern division of Lancashire, presented a petition from To:morden “ the sentiments of the neighbourhood and its neighbourhood, against the " it came from on that account, but he Court-martial Bill for Ireland. He “recuired that the noble Lord who said that he could not support it. Upon " had read the letter should deal fairly the motion that the petition du lie upon by him and by the House. Whose sig. the table, Lord MORPRTI, one of the “ nature had the letter to it, and what Members for the West Riding of York-i" did it contain ? Coming as he (Mr. F.) shire, in which Todmorden is partly did from where the petitioners reside, situated, rose, and took out a letter," and knowing their respectability and which he read, decrying the petition " sentiments, he naturally felt indignant and the petitioners, saying that they at the conduct of the writer, and could were few in nuinber compared with “not suffer such a gross attempt to the population of the townships from “ deceive the House, without exposing which the petition came, and that it“ the party doing it to the contempt had been hawked about, and was not " he or they may deserve. Would the signed but by a very small portion of the " noble Lord show him the letter ? people of those townships. .
" (The noble Lord consented to do so, “Mr. FIELDEN said the petition pre- " and said it was signed Samuel Sut“ sented by the noble Lord, the Mem-1" cliffe). Was there any other signature, “ ber for Lancashire, came from the “ or had the noble Lord any other let“ district where he resided, and he was "ster on this petition ? (Lord MORPETI * very much surprised at the contents" said he had none beside the envelope 6 of the letter read by the noble Lord, to the one he held in his hand). Nr. " the Member fur Yorkshire ; he un.“ Fielden then concluded by saying that “ derstood the noble Lord to read that “as neither of the noble Lords had sup“ the petition was not signed by one “ ported the prayer of the petition, he
respectable person in the district (No," Mr. Fielden) felt it his duty to do so, “ no, the noble Lord said, not one tithe): " and to state that he entirely cou“ well, not one tithe then, not one in “ curred in the sentiments expressed by W ten. He (Mr. Fielden) would venture " the petitioners." “ an opinion that the petition had the Mr. SUTCLIFFE is a young attorney « signatures of nine-tenths of the re- at Todmorden ; his letter states, that the “ spectable inhabitants of Todmorden. Itownships of Stansfield, Langfridd, and es and the immediate neighbourhood, Todmorden, and Welsden, contain a
affixed to it; if it had not so, why population of 18,000; that the petition “ have not those who style themselves was got up by the Political Union ; “ respectable got up a counter-petition, that it hall only about 1,800 signatures 6 and sent it to the House, that we to it; that there were but few respec• might know who they are! The table persons in the Union ; that the « petition was very respectably signed ; respectable persons in the townships “ it conveyed to the House the opinion thought the measure for coercing Ire. e of the inhabitants of the township it land a strong one; but they approved “ came from ; he (Mr. Fielden) was of it, because they thought it necessary; “ well acquainted with their sentiments that signatures has been got to it from
on this obnoxious Irish coercive ineamany persons who never saw the « sure, and that they entirely disap- petition, nor knew what it con
proved of it. The petition might have tained, or what it petitioner for ; that "s been got up in haste, knowing the persons had been hired to go round to a speed with which measures like this get it signed, after it had been for some
were usually carried through the House; davs in different places without being o the noble Lord who presented it had signed, as was expected ; that a party “ had the petition in his care for sere- who met to read the True Sun had “ ral days; if more time had been al- been mainly instrumental in promoting “ lowed, it might have received more the petition; that Messrs. Fieiden and u signatures ; but it did not speak less Mr. George Ashworth were members of
the Political Union, and employed al-| the effects of this error. It was not a most as many hands as the petition mere pledge that was sufficient; it was had signatures to it; and that, at the not a man's having voted for the Reform meeting of the Political Union, where Bill, which was to ensure the electors the petition originated, a vote of cen. against that which they now behold. sure was passed on one of the leading They ought to have been scrupulous members of the Administration, for in- i with regard to the past conduct of the troducing into Parliament the bill for man; with regard to his present concoercing Ireland, &c. &c.]
nexions; his dependance upon the GoI have received a petition from the vernment or the aristocracy; his rela
Nottingham against the Irish Court- with military and naval promotion; to martial Bill, drawn in a most able man- all which they appear to hare paid no ner, containin several thousand sig. attention whatever. They may now natures, and containing the names of a be assured that this Parliament will last great part of those who possess the for seven years, unless there be some wealth, intelligence, and viriue, of that accidental terinination to it sooner, fine and patriotic town. I deem it a They will see the result of the motion singular honour in having this petition for triennial Parliaments ; and when confided to me.
they have seen that, they will want Also a petition, signed by about four nothing more to convince them that teen or fifteen thousand persons, from they have been very incautious in their Newcastle-upon-l'yne, and signed by the recent conduct. However, death, and council and associates of the Great North other accidents, will be continually ern Political Union; the first ten or a making vacancies, and let the whole dozen signatures to which petition are the nation well watch the conduct of elecnames of men every one of whom ought tors themselves in the fresh choices to have been in this Honse. My readers they shall make. There is a vacancy will recollect the power of vetitions now in the borough of Marybonne, and from this quarter, and under these same the candidates are, one what is called a signatures, in saving the lives of the conservative, the other a Whig, besides pour suffering labourers in the southern whom there is Mr. MURPHY, who is a counties, in 1830 anul 1831. From coal-merchant. This is the man for these petitioners came that loud cry of the electors of Mary bonne ; and the humanity, which roused the whole coun- reasons for their electing him are try upon that occasion. From them neatly stated in the following paper, came also those blood-stirring appeals which has been started in the shape of which roused the country, and urged it a hand-bill, and which I insert here on in the cause of parliamentary with very great pleasure, seeing that it reform. To have had this petition proves that there are some persons, at sent to me, instead of its being sent any rate, who have good sense, in the to the Members for Newcastle, Sirborough of Marybonie. Matthew Wute Ridley and Mr. Hodgson, is an honour much more
Marybonne Election ! than sufficient to gratify any ambition WHY AND BECAUSE ? that I ever entertained ; only, again I lament that several of these petitioners
Why are the People deprived of Cheap are not here to speak from their own
Bread ? lips that which they say upon paper.
Because the Landowners make the This was the great error at the last election : the people were taken by sur- Why are the Assessed and other prise: the word reform satisfied them : Tixes made to press most on the Middle my exhortations, and the demanding and Productive Classes? of pledges even, were insufficient for? Because the Laws are made exclu. me purpose of protecting them against sively by the Richer Classes.
Why, when a Tradesman dies, is his the wonderful silence which has been little Property made liable to most hitherto kept by the great and formerly enormous duties, while the Rich Land. spirited town of Leeds; even Yorkshire owner's Property remains untaxed ? has begun to perceive how it has been
Because Tradesmen are so thought-limpused upon, how it has been cheated; less as to elect Rich Men for Law-Ma- and though it will be able to obtain
little redress, perhaps, as long as this
Parliament shall last, it will be roused Why do the Stamp Laws tax the
long and long before another elecPoorer Classes TWO HUNDRED per Cent. I tion shall take place. To return, for and the Rich Classes less than ten per la moment, to the electors of MaryCent. ?
bonne; if they do not elect Mr. MURPHY Because the Richer Classes only make
they will deserve to bear their present the Laws.
burdens wholly undiininished. Between Why have the Supporters of Mr.
the other candidates there is not a straw Thomas Murphy put him forward as a
to choose. One may sit at the back of Representative for MarYBONNE ?
Peel, and the other at the back of AlBecause he is in the same Rank in
thorp; but the Peeler will vote with Society, and has the same interest in
Althorp, and he who sits at the back of Cheap Government and Equal Taxation
Althorp will vote with Peel; so that if with themselves, and is therefore more
I there were only these two, no man of likely to advance the Interest of the sense would give a vote at all. That great mass of the Electors of Mary
that borough should act rightly, consibonne.
dering who are its principal inhabitants,
would to me be matter of surprise, unVOTE
less the electors were protected by the FOR
balloi; but that they ought to suffer · MURPHY.
everything that men can suffer in this
life, if they do not do their duty, must The Central Committee meet Daily be the judgment pronounced on them at the Queen's Heari and Artichoke, Al-I by every good man in the kingilom. bany-street, Regent's Park.
This is plain common sense. It is
IRISH curious that the Morniny Chronicle, in stating the relalive merits and remerits
RED.COAT TRIBUNAL BILL. of the other candidates, never so much Tuis bill went into a committee last as names Mr. MURPHY! Dr. Black night (Wednesday).-Mr. O'Connell can see reason for passing the Irish bill, began opposing it, by nioving an inand he can see reason for establishing a structiun to the committee : a division gendarmerieallover England. This Chro- took place, when the numbers were as nicle has become a paper of rather more stated below. He divided the House than equivocal character ; but we shall again upon the Speaker's leaving the see it fully exposed before this session chair. In the first division, there were of Parliament be over; it is apparently 63 for Mr. O'CONNELL'S motion, and vider the dictation of a great jawing, 125 against it. On the second division, double-faced lawyer ; but it, as well as there were 151 against Mr. O'Conthat lawyer, will not be able to keep nell's motion, and 34 for it. I regret their heads aloft many months longer. that I have not the names of this last The mountebank tricks of the latter minority ; but think it right, in justice are being daily exposed. Even York: to ourselves, to observe, that Mr. Freushire, with all its enthusiasm, with all Den and I were two of that thirty-four. its facility of being duped by impostors; Upon the motion, that the preamble of even Yorkshire, in spite of the silence, the bill be postponed, Mr. O'CONNELL