" the whole assessment. (Hear, hear). /“ peace, had a right to expect that these " It had been stated that this was one“ taxes should be repealed. . " of the fairest taxes, because every “Mr. Huse said, it was his firm con" man was assessed according to the “ viction that unless Government made

situation of his supposed property;" a timely concession, the people would us but he could show, that the inha- “ before long effect the repeal through “bitants of the principal thoroughfares," the medium of the House of Com“ for instance, those from Holborn to O.c " mons. However, as he believed that ford-street, from the Strand to Cheap " the meeting had no wish to embarrass « side, and from Piccudilly, Regent- the Government, it might perhaps be

street, &c. where rents were highest advisable to know what day the " and trade most prosperous and profit. " noble Lord intended to bring forward « able, the inhebitants had been bank- “ his financial statement, in order that “ rupts in the proportion of one house- " the hon. Bart. (Sir John Key) might - keeper to three.

“ be prepared with his motion on some “ Lord ALTHORP: Do you mean to “ early day after the budget. (Hear,

“ hear). “ say, that one out of three of the house

“ Lord ALTHORP begged that the “ keepers in Regent-street has been a

“ meetiug would not give credit to any bankrupt?

1“ report which they might hear with "Mr. Brown: I do, my Lord; and " regard to the course which Govern“ I can prove to your Lordship, that “ment intended to pursue respecting " within the last five years the propor. 1" these taxes. Such reports were « tion of bankruptcies amounted in a “ equally unfounded and mischievous,

ratio to more than three and a half for " and could not tend to advance any 6 Regent-street alone. If his Lordship" measure' which the advocates for the " doubted his assertion, the Gazettes “ repeal of these taxes had in view. * “ were before him; and if so many “ Mr. JACKSON, one of the deputation *bankruptcies occurred within so short" from Marybonne, said that Sir Wilor a period, every gentleman must know " Jiam Horne would have attended the " that at least three compositions oc “ meeting, but for the shortness of the « curred for each bankruptcy. His ob- " notice. The parish of Mary bonne " ject was to show, that although for " paid no less a sum than 150,000l. « The last five years an embarrassment " annually for taxes, being as much as « of trade existed beyond all precedent," the whole of Scotland paid ; and yet, " yet these tases were enforced with " in the parish of Marybunne, there " a severity almost beyond example. A “ were no less than 1,500 houses empty " report had been circulated, which he“ (hear, hear), and almost every house “ had no doubt was intended as à ca" that was occupied was either let out “ lumny on the Government, that his " in lodgings, or divided into twa, in " Majesty's Ministers intended to take " order to meet the demands of the 16 off the house duty on all houses rated" tax-collector. « under 601. per annum. He never “ Lord ALTHORP said, it would in his " could believe that such an idea could ' opinion be 'premature to call the ato enter into the thoughts of an enlight. " tention of the House of Commons to tened Ministry. Those present were “ the subject, on so early a day as that " old enough to remember that when " fixed, for the motion of Sir John Key. " the people of England sought for a “ All that he (Lord Althorp) could do in k repeal of the property tax, the then that case, would be to move that the * Administration declared that they " discussions, be postponed until after « would stand or fall by that tax. And “ the Easter recess. It was impossible " yet it was repealed to the extent of " that he (Lord Althorp) could say what “ fourteen millions at one fell sweep,“ species of taxation he could with proo without displacing the Government. “ priety remove previous to the 5. of “« The country, after eighleen years of " April, because it would be necessary

"to include in his statement the ac- ." Mr. Briscoe said, that whenever he “ counts of the past year. The noble “ asked his constituents what portion of " Lord concluded by observing that he taxation they wished to be relieved “ should bring forward his financial “ from first, their invariable answer “ statement as soon after the Easter re- " was, “Relieve us, if possible, from 6 cess as possible.

" the house and window-tax. (Hear, “ Mr. C. PEARSON said, that in his “ hear). “ opinion the motion of Sir John Key “ The deputation then withdrew, and “ ought to be brought forward previous “ having adjourned to the British Hotel, “ to bringing forward the budget, other-" Cockspur-street, it was determined “ wise the noble Lord would be in the that the question should not be urged « dark respecting the merits of this " in the House of Commons until after , * question.

" the Chancellor of the Exchequer Lord Althorp: I don't think I can “ brought forward his budget." : " be much in the dark. There is a good How often, from its very first layingar « deal of light in this room. (A laugh). Jout, have I told my readers what this

“ Mr.PEARSON : I wish your Lordship tinsel street would come to! More times “ had a little more fire. (Renewed than I have joints in all my fingers and “ laughter).

Itoes. Mr. Attwood, when he was angry “ Dr. LUSHINGTON concurred in the with me at Birmingham, told our hear“ proposition of the hon. Member (Mr. ers, upon the occasion of our grand disa “ Hume) that this question should not pute, that I had expressed a wish to see “ be brought forward in the House of a parcel of jolly mowers going, with " Commons, until after the noble Lord a good swarthe of grass before them, up " had brought forward his financial Regent-street. I did not say that I: 6 statement. The effect of what the WISHED to see it; but I did say that “ noble Lord stated amounted to this : I thought I should see it ; and I think " I have not changed my opinion with so still. It was not a wish, but merely «* regard to these taxes, but as a mem-1 a fore-telling ; not a prayer, but a pro"'ber of his Majesty's councils I amphecy; which prophecy, according to or not at liberty to tell you what the Mr. Brown's account, is in a fair way 66° intentions of the Government are of fulfilment, and, I shall be no more "' respecting théin; I must reserve to blame for that fulfilment than Jere*** this disclosure for my financial state- miah was for the destruction of the. "" ment.'

temple of Jerusalem, and for the dis“ Sir J. C. HOBHOUSE begged to as-persion of the Jews, and their having “ sure the noble Lord that it was not left to them, as their sole possession, " for want of feeling on the subject their own filthiness. " that the public had not remonstrated But Regent-street was not the strike, “ more generally on the unjust imposi- ing example to quote. Fleet-street, *tion of these taxes, and he conceived that street of all streets for business, “ that it was a pretty strong indication had, only the other day (and it may now “ of the feeling of the metropolis, that have more), thirty-five shops shut un. “ thirteen out of the sixteen metropolitan Twelve or fourteen years ago, those Members were now present to press shops fetched on an average, double " for their repeal. The noble Lord the rent they fetch now; besides a high “ might be assured of this, that when- premium given over and above the rent. ever the subject should be brought I had a house in Fleet-street, taken, Im "before the House of Commons the think, in the year 1821. I gave a high "6whole sixteen Members would be premium, besides the rent, for eight

found voting for the entire repeal of years. It was a showy, but not a cou«« those taxes. He (Sir J. C. Hobhouse) venient, place for me. I quitted it two ." begged to add a hope, that after their and a half years ago: it has been fur

“ repeal he might see the noble Lord bished up and beautified in all sorts of " holding his present situation. (Hear). ways, at a very great expense ; and in

has stood empty from that day to this ! | keep up those establishments; to call, And this is the street of the greatest upon the Ministers to maintain the business of all London. The inns of tithe system by force of arms; to vote court; the vicinity to Blackfriars-bridge; for the bill now before the House relathe thoroughfare from the west end of tive to Ireland; and, at the same time, the town to the city : no street equals it to call upon them to take off taxes! It for business, and this is now its state ; comes, at last, to this': there must be a and I know that there are tradesmen in very great reduction of taxation, and a it, and good tradesmen too, who do not, very great reduction of tithes, or force for weeks together, take more money must be employed to continue to effect than is sufficient to keep house and to the collection of both; and, though force pay rent, taxes, and rates. Therefore, will fail at last, it will serve for a while. the question is not whether they will An issue of assignats might prop up continue to pay the taxes, but whether the thing in appearance for a short time; .. they can. When Mr. Brown said that but then, as in the case of Robespierre, every third tradesman had been a bank. the end would be inevitable convulsion. runt, he did not include the composi. Nothing can prevent conyulsion in 'one tions. If he had he might have said way or another; but taking up the NOR-, three out of four.

FOLK PETITION and acting upon it · And, is this a state of things to con- with sincerity and with promptitude. I. tinue? Can this go on? It cannot go am not sure that it is not too late even on; that which is exhibited thus in for that to be effectual; but I am London, is only alspecimen of that which quite sure that nothing short of that is going on all over the kingdom; and can bring about a peaceable settlement, this is precisely what I predicted in my of the country.

on petition to the House of Commons in the month of February, 1826. This ruin was inevitable froin the bill in 1826 ; that bill, like Peel's bill before, doomed

PETITIONING WORK. - bosan the industrious classes to ruin : doomed to ruin all who did not live on the taxes My readers have been already ap-ka. Bron usury or on fixed incomes prized of the new orders of the House, i

This scene åt Downing-street was a which have been adopted with regard to Eurious affair, view it in what light one the presenting of petitions ; they have. may: but, perhaps, the least curious been apprized that there is a standing was not the part taken by Sir John Camcommittee, at the head of which is Sir, Hobhouse. Whether he did utter the Robert Peel, or at least he was at the words here ascribed to him, I cannot head of the list, consisting of eleven, of say, but, if he did, the symptoms are of whom Mr. Hume was one. That this a very decided character. However, I committee is to take all the petitions! should be glad to know how Sir John's after they have been presented, and army is to be paid if these taxes be to order to be printed such petitions, or be taken off. The less able the people such parts of petitions, as they may are to pay, the more desperate their cir- choose, and order the rest not to be cumstances become, the more ready printed. On Wednesday night Mr. , they will be to set the tax-gatherer at Hume, as one of this committee, made.is defiance, and the more necessity will la motion, that every member presenting there be for force. I am angry enough a petition should put his name at the with the Ministers ; but I am not un- / beginning of such petition, in order that reasonable beast enough to expect them he might be “ responsible" for the pro-, to pay money without having the priety of something or another belongmoney put into their hands to pay with; ling to the said petition. He said, that and I think it the greatest shame that some of the petitions were printed, the world ever witnessed, that there others in lithograph, some (consisting should be men to express their wish to of several sheets) with a fastening at

the head of the sheets, and no names at|cause, in the first place, I am naturally the head of the first sheet; and that he ta suppose that the petitioners had their wished there to be a standing order of reasons for not making them the chanthe House for members to put their nels of their petitions, and, in the next names at the head of petitions for these place, because those gentlemen will reasons. Mr. Wilks, the Member for always have an opportunity of hearing Boston, objected to any such regulation, the petition read, and of reading it, if and said that it was one further step to they please, as soon as it is out of narrow the right of petition. Mr. O'Con- my hands. It is not for me to judge nell saw no harma in the order about of the motives of the petitioners, or of putting the name of the Member ; but the grounds of their conduct, . It is for could see no reason for rejecting a peti- me to obey their will in presenting their tion on account of its being printed ; petitions, in sending which to me thry and, as to lithograph, that objection had do me very great honour. I shall now never been made before. I make no insert the list. commentary, but here merely state the ', facts, having opportunities enough to 1. From the Mayor, Aldermen, Commake comments whenever I inay choose. mon Council, Burgesses and other My readers will recollect, however; that electors and rate-payers of the the objection to printed petitions was “ town and borough of Kidnelly in a first started and enforced to prevent the county of Carmarthen, praying Major Cartwright's petitions from being that the Irish Coercion Bill may presented in 1816 and 1817, when a not pass, and praying that the real million and a half of people petitioned cause of it may cease, namely, the for Parliamentary reform. That is all cruel exaction of tithes. that I shall add upon the subject at 2. From the electors, rate-payers, and present.

I inhabitants of the Borough of The new regulations prevent us from Carmarthen. The same prayer. presenting petitions at any time that we s. From the electors and rate-payers of like. Our names are on a list, and we the town and borough of Saint are called on in our turn. I have at Clears and Pentre Llanfihangel, in tended now several mid-day sittings, I the county of Carmarthen. The and have not been able to bring forward same prayer. my petitions. I have thirty-five now in 4. From Preston, in Lancashire, agreed my hands,, with, I should suppose, fifty to at a public meeting called by the thousand names signed to them; and Mayor, praying that their Irish those most numerously signed, pray that brethren may not be subjected to a the military court bill may not pass into military law." a law. I will here give a list of them, 5. From the City of Norwich, praying that the petitioners may see that I have for repeal of taxes, and that no not neglected my duty with regard to more blood may be shed to compel them, a duty which I deem the most payment of tithes in Ireland. sacred of all. The list is as follows; 6. From the parisk of Callan, county and the petitioners may be assured that of Mayo, praying that the Coercion I will do all the justice in my power to Bill may not pass. their several petitions ; taking care, at 7. From the parish of Muhar, in the the same time, not to be unnecessarily county of Kerry, praying that they tedious, because that can do no good; may not be degraded by subjection and trifling efforts to annoy your oppo- to military law. nents only tend to your own discredit. 8. From the inhabitants of the Tower Some Members, finding that I had pėti- Hamlets, praying that the Coercion tions from places which they represent, Bill for Ireland may not pass into have requested to see the petitions before a law. being presented, which I have thouglit 9. From the parish of Kilvine, in the it my duty not to comply with. Be county of Mayo, beseeching the


House not to pass the horrible of the borough of Manchester, set

bill, which is to enable a few mili- ting forth the numerous evils at. • tary officers to transport them for tending upon making laws at midlife. . !

night, and praying the House to 10. From the cily of Ely, for the repeal alter its present practice as to this of the assessed taxes..

· matter. 11. From Chipping-Norton, for the re- 1 23. From the undersigned inhabitants

peal of some of the present taxes, i of the city of Norwich, against and for the substitution of a regu white slavery; setting forth the lated property-tax.

state of degradation and misery 12. The petition of Timothy Hutt and in which the working classes now

Mark Anthony Johnson, praying are; setting forth the injustice of for a repeal of taxes, and against paying in gold the interest of a coercive measures for Ireland.

debt contracted in paper"; setting 13. The petition of James Hamson, of forth the injustice they have en

Thorne-Falcon, complaining of the dured from law's passed by the

dreadful pressure of local taxation. aristocracy and its nominees; set14. The petition of the undersigned in ting forth the injustice of the tithe

habitants of Manchester, praying system ; praying for that equitable for the repeal of the taxes on know adjustment for which they prayed

in the year 1823; praying that a 15. Petition of James Dunn, Esq., of bill may be passed to give protec! Gray's-inn, barrister-at-law, com tion to electors at future elections;

plaining of certain proceedings of praying for a repeal of the taxes certain magistrates.

which most oppress the working '16. Petition of William Blayland oil people, and praying that no sup

Leamington, against the longer ex plies may be granted until these istence of tithes. .

measures be adopted. * 17. From Joseph Townshend Holman, 84. From the inhabitants of Eccleshil,

of Gray's-inn, praying that a law in the county of York, praying the may be passed to authorise the de House to pass the Ten-hour Facfendants in cases of libel, to pros t ory Bill..

duce the truth in justification. 25. From the frame-work knitters, of 18. Petition of R. Webb, of Harcourt Basford, in the county of Notting

street, Marybonne, praying for a ham, praying the House to take repeal of all the taxes on knowo their hard case into its consideraledge.

tion, and to afford them relief by Petition from the borough of Ly. those means which the petitioners mington, in the county of Hants, very respectfully beg leave to be praying for the adoption of the permitted to suggest. ' ballot at elections.

26. From the working-classes and others 20. From the society of Free-Inquirers, of the borough of Great Yarmouth,

in the parish of Marybunne, pray in the county of Norfolk, describing ing the House to adopt measures the horror they feel at seeing their so that all persecution for religious Irish fellow-subjects subjected to opinions may cease, and that it trial before red-coat courts of jus. will take into its consideration the tice, and praying the House not to hard case of the Rev. Robert | pass any bill having that object in Taylor.

view. 5 · 21. A pétition from the same, praying the 27. From the members of the Political

House to adopt measures to put an Union of the borough of Chitheroe, end to all religious persecutions, in the county of Lancaster, praying and to take into its consideration that their Irish brethren may not

the hard case of Richard Carlile. be subjected to a government 22. From the undersigned inhabitants wholly hoknown to the constituc


« 前へ次へ »