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entention, and also praying the House to

repeal the odious and upjust Corn! . MR. FINN. ist Billeder

| On Wednesday, at the noon sitting in 28. From the inhabitants of Spitalfields, the House of Commons, Mr. Roebuck,

praying that the Martial Law Bill in presenting a petition from Bath, for Det for, Ireland may not pass, and pray- which he is a member, made an, admisi ing the House to adopt just mea- rable speech in support of the prayer of

sures towards those who have pro- the petitioners, against the Military to posed it.

Courts of Justice Bill for Ireland. He 3.29. Froin James Peters, of the city of spoke of that bill in the manner that

Bristol, against the proposed bill became him as the representative of a

for new laws relating to the keep- city inhabited by English people ; but, .;. loro ing of the Lord's day. ,

in the heat of his indignation he ex- 30. From the inhabitants, electors, and pressed his opinion that, if.that hill were i ; * rate-payers in the borough of Llan-passed, the members from Ireland ought His* nelly, praying the House to reject to quit the House with disdain, and not

the horrid bill for coercing Ireland, enter it again. After Mr. Roebuck," mis and for compelling the people of Mr. Finn rose, . and said, that he fully

that ill-treated country to pay participated in all the indignant feelings

titnes at the point of the bayonet. so well expressed by the hon. Member 31. From the council, associates, and for Bath ; " but,” said he, “so far from ..friends of the Northern Political " quitting the House, we, the members

Union, in public meeting assem-1" for Ireland, will remain still more bled, praying for the enactment of " firmly at our posts : we will be conthe vote by ballot at elections for - stant in our endeavours to relieve the

members to serve in Parliament ; " people of England from the enormous *.74

and for 'a repeal of the unjust and “burden of taxes which they bear; to ... odious Septennial Act.

1“ sweep away the sinecures and the un. From the inhabitants of the Hamlet " merited pensions, and to remove all

of Sea, in Lancashire, praying the " their various oppressions. The symi House not to pass the Martial Law" pathy which they have shown for us,

Bill for Ireland, and praying it to .: will make us everlastingly grateful to ? impeach those who had dared to " them ; that aristocracy who oppressi propose it.

1" us, oppress them also.; we will teach" 16.133. From John Marlin, of Canterbury, " our countrymen that they can never

i complaining of the abuses of the “ hope for redress, except by making C . law by attorneys, and praying for " common cause with the people of

an alteration and a simplifying of England against that all-devouring the law, in order to render justice " aristocracy. We will be unremitting more cheap.

“ in our efforts ; in our attendance here? 34. From Thomas Parkins, complain “ and in the discharge of all our duties :

ing of the conduct of certain ma- " as representatives of the English as o g gistrates, praying for redress. Tas well as of the Irish people.” 7:35. From the undersigned, in behalf I was never more gratified than at

of themselves and others, assem- the hearing of this speech. It was - .95

bled by public advertisement, at short, but it was sensible, spirited, and

White Conduit House, on Tuesday, it produced the suitable effect in the in the nineteenth of March, 1833, House, as it will do throughout the i , against the Martial-law Bill for country. Mr. Finn, no doubt, spoke Ireland.

the sentiments of the other Irish members; and if they act up to that speech, they will do ten thousand times greater good to England than has been done by all its own members put together, for a great many years past. . '

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RESULT OF A SURVEY (taken in January, 1833), of the Condition

Lancashire, and Two in Yorkshire, mostly employed


Population Number of Namber of

Unfit Number Total Weekly by the Families | Persons of for of Wages of the Census of in this in these Work.Work. workers Workers.

1831. Survey. Families.

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Middleton ..................
Castleton .....................

s Brandwood and Spotland 3 Whitworth.

(Falioge and Healey.)
Todmorden and Walsden .......
Wuerdale and Wardle....
Stansfield .....
Blachinworsh and Calderbrook ..
Briercliffe with Extmistle.......
Anderton ....,

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203 808 350

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Mellor ............
Barrowford ...

of Wolfenden......
Co | Bacup............
G 1 Tunstead&Wolfenden

Deadwin Clough.....

Higber Booths .... 3 Coupe Lenches, &c.

Oddlestoq* .......

(Lower Booths. ....... Haslingden...........,


g O CANOASTAANO a vec woozdonub on


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*** From this Table it appears, that in these Thirty-five Townships, the population is 203,349. the whole. The pumber out of work in the families visited, is 2,287. The number unfit for the families visited earn are £4,447 185.-This sum will give for each of those who work a of Is. 9d. The rent paid by the families visited is, per angum, £32,693 178. 5d. This sua implements, will be an average for each individual of, at least, 3 d. e-week; and this, with the food and clothing for each individual fur a week, Is. 31d. The whole parish relief given weekly T for a day, for food and clothing, from both wages and relief, is 2 d.

* The population of Oddleston not being known is assumed.

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of the Poor' in Thirty-three Townships of the Manufacturing District in in 'ttie manufacture of Cotton, of Woollen, and of Silk.

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The families visited, are 8362. The persons in these families, 49,294, being nearly one-fourth of work in the same is 23,060. The number of workers is 23,947. The total weekly wages which weekly average of 3s. 8fd. And for each of the whole number of persons visited, a weekly average gives an average of 3d a-week for each individual in the families visited. Fuel, light, and wčar of average rent of 3d. being deducted from Is. 9fd. the average income of each individual, leaves for to me families visited is £139 78.g.or, for each, s of a penny. And the average income of each


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(the distant provinces; and which did EDITOR OF THE MORNING CHRONICLE not proceed far, before those who had

relied upon the police for their protecBolt-court, 21. March, 1833. tion, were sent out of their mansions as Sir,-For about ten or twelve years, beggars upon the world. I think it is, I have exchanged two I charge the Morning Chronicle, as Registers a week against six Morning being a FEELER for effecting this purChronicles in the week. I will do this pose, and I detest and abhor it accordno longer. I will no longer have fel- ingly; and will no more have any lowship or communication with that transaction with it of any kind whatsopaper, and my reasons are as follows: ever. I believe that the scheme is very

I have perceived in the Morning ripe in the minds of some persons, and Chronicle, always, a disposition to in- I think it my bounden duty to keep the troduce a government of spies and in-country in a state of warning with reformers and gendarmerie and hired ma- gard to the thing itself, as well as with gistrates into England; a disposition to regard to its consequences.. supplant the ancient laws and usages of

'Wm. COBBETT. the country by German and Austrian establishments; a disposition to sweep away sheriffs, constables, watchmen, and all the whole of the county and parochial officers of the peace; and to in

STAMP TAXES.. troduce in their stead hirelings, exer- ! I CANNOT answer the letters written cing power coming immediately from to me on this subject. My whole time the Government; a disposition to super- would not suffice for giving proper ansede, in effect, the humane poor-law of swers to a twentieth part of them. To Elizabeth, and to treat the working one correspondent, who expresses a hope people like so many slaves ; a disposi- 1 that I will not let the matter drop till I tion, in short, to reduce Englishmen to have obtained justice for the people, I a government of force, instead of a go. had almost a mind to write an angry vernment willingly obeyed. This I have letter. When did he know me let a perceived, in that paper, for many years thing drop? As to obtaining justice past, and have, upon several occasions, for the people, that I cannot pledge expressed my indignation at it; but, myself for ; but I will pledge myself to NOW, that man must be blind who leave undone nothing that I am able to does not see, in that paper, FEELERS do, in order to obtain that justice. The

continually put forth for the purpose of affair stands thus at present. On the first -preparing the country for the establish- Monday in April I shall bring forward the ment in England of just such a govern- subject again ; and, if thie Chancellor of ment as that which has so long existed the Exchequer do not then name some in Ireland. That paper now tells us, day before the 21. of April, on which he almost in so many words, that the will bring in the bill of which he has POOR-LAW COMMISSIONERS are spoken, I will, on the last Monday in about to recommend the establishment April, have my bill ready, and move for of a police-force, which is to extend all leave to bring it in. li I have leave to over England into the very villages, and bring it in, it is well; if I have not, I that one object of it is to compel the poor will then publish my hill, and show to desist from demanding and obtaining what has been, and what is, and what relief. The writer of the articles that ought to have been, and what ought I allude to, forgets that there was, in now to be. The country will be France, a police of this sort in every astounded at the sight; and, for my village, previous to the breaking out of own part, as I proceed in the work, 1 the French revolution ; and that, the feel my heart filled with indignation police-force did not prevent that revo- that I cannot describe; indignation to lution which began, not at Paris, but in reflect that this industrious and harassed people should have been thus treated nufacture, if you include rent of land, for so many years, and that there should wages of reaping, washing, bleaching, have been no one single member of dressing, and plaiting the straw, sewing Parliament to make a complaint in the plait, freights of vessels, and manutheir name, is . ..

facturers' profits, bring in 20,0001. a year additional, to enable the Orkney man to eat his brown bread, to drink. his beer, and kindle his fire in the middle of his

(hearth, for this good old Saxon custom, ORKNEY ISLANDS, as well as that of drinking his own home BRITISH LEGHORN.

brewed, is cherished by the descendant

of the Norseman. And a.patriarchal ..To Mr. William Cobbett, M.P. for Oldham. sight it is to see the bluff old islander,

Sir,—These islands are benefited offspring encircling him, to hear the not less than 20,000l. a year by this ma- fireside tale he tells them of the sea nufacture, which you were the first to some virtuous exploit of his younger introduce. The wages paid out to few days, for all are seamen in their males who plait the straw, somewhat youth. exceed 12,000l. As high as six guineas To any county in Scotland.the sum of an acre are given for land to grow the 20,000!. a year would be a vast accession straw, in a country the arable acres of to its resources, but this came to Orkwhich seldom exceed 251., and rarely ney at a critical time, and went far to come up to that amount. The owner supply the deficiency occasioned in its of the land ploughs and lays down the revenue, when the kelp trade was crops; but, after all deductions for his ruined by the experiments of Huskisson labour at the current rates of the coun- and Poulett Thomson, backed by the try, he pockets a nett rent of not less stupidity of some of our northern re-, than 41. 10s. an acre-the average of presentatives. You may remember that the arable land in Orkney being not this article of kelp, the staple of one -141. To' such a pass is the manufac, third part of Scotland, and the staff of

ture brought, that bonnets have been life to two hundred thousand families, made as high as 101. in price ; 31. or 4l. was the first on which those. bungling have frequently been obtained for fine charlatans, who knew nothing of the specimens. What renders it more pe- true principles of free trade, tried their. çuliarly advantageous, the greater part miserable hands. Having plunged the of the labour is carried on by those who whole north and west of Scotland into could not otherwise turn their hand to ruin irremediable and deplorable, they so good account--the young women. rested from their labours, till a wagon At this easy employment they find an wheel avenged the wrongs of the houseoccupation every way suitable to the less, and the orphan, and the exile on softness of their nature, and calculated the Canadian shore. Thus it is to legis, to engender those little tastes and habits late for men, as if they were sheep, and of nicety, neatness, and propriety in to sport with the property of the subdress and behaviour, the ornament of ject as if there were no property in their sex when kept in proper bounds. goods. Kelp, which brought in 30,0001. I have not by me, at present, an exact a year to Orkney, prior to the minisreturn of the number of persons wholly tration of that ill-omened Jacobin, Husor partially employed in this manufac-kisson, yields not, now, 5,000l. The ture in Orkney, nor of the number of difference goes into the pocket of the yards of plait manufactured, with their Spaniard for his barilla, or of the glassmarket value ; but I have applied for it, maker, who has a monopoly, and keeps and when obtained, I shall send it to up his price as before. But the British you. I do not think, however, that I Leghorn compensates, though partially exaggerate, when I repeat that the ma- to other hands, the whole deficiency of

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