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- Lists of the Majority and Minority of gross absurdities, which can never be on Mr. Attwood's motion will be given acted upon; and, as towards the people ' n the next Register. .. presso
of this great town, it contains proposi5 For the Cominittee.......... 160 Itions of the cruelest kind. . tis. di Against it....................... 194 3. Keepers of hotels, taverns, inas,
ale-houses, cook-shops, &c., selling ., Majority 34
meat on any part of the Sunday are to be fined the same as above..
4. Persons being present at any club OBSERVANCE-OF-THE-LORD'S rooms, or news-rooms, on a Sunday, to
be Gned the saine as above; and the DAY BILL
keepers of such rooms, who have them · A' VERY short abstract of this bill open on Sundays, to forfeit fifty will serve to show how complete a revo- pounds, and the house to be deemed a Jution is contemplated by the intro- disorderly house and dealt with accordducers of this incomparable piece of ingly. I see no exeniption here for « legislation," as law-making is now the club-houses of St. James's and other called.
. parts of the Wen. *1. It is proposed, " That no person 5. Being drunk on Sunday, a fine of ** upon any part of the Lord's-dav, not less than ten shillings, nor more
shall do 'or exercise, or hire or eniploy than twenty. 4 any person to do or exercise any la- 6. Justices of the peace, constables, * bour or work of his or her ordinary deputy constables, churchwardens, over « calling, or in the way of trade or bu- seers, or police officers, with or without
siness, or keep open shop, or buy or warrant, may seize all articles of food ** sell, or cry, offer, or expose for sale, sold, cried, offered, or exposed for sale « or receive or deliver, or cause or pro- in any market, street, highway, or pub** cure to be bought or sold, or cried, lic place, and shall deliver such seized
offered, or exposed for sale, or received articles to the overseer of the poor of te or delivered any goods, wares, mer- the parish to be distributed among the
* chandises, animals, chattels, articles, poor. That is to say, on the highways " effects or things whatsoever, or pay, in the neighbourhood of London, in the * or cause or procure to be paid any summer months, when stewed-up Lon** wages or sum of money, or security doners crawl out from the smoke for a *" for money, or make any contract of few hours of basking and breathing: € hiring, or other contract or agree when the poor man or woman takes ad"ment, or do or permit any matter or vantageof this tu sell his or her little bas & things prohibited, or for the doing or kets of sweet-meats, ginger-pop, sugar“ permitting of which any forfeiture is plums, oranges, and so on, a police-ofd'imposed by any provision of this act :" ficer may seize upon the whole conceur, and
and give it up for the benefit of the * 2. That every person who does any poor of the parish! i'iering of the above, shall pay not less than 7. The next clause is one of the most five nor more than twenty shillings for important of the whole, and I shall the first offence; not less than twenty therefore give it as it now stands in the nor more than forty for the second; nor bill : it is proposed " That the owner more than five pounds for every subse- "and owners of every wagon, cart, van, quent offence; and, moreover, all agree.“ stage-coach, stean-earriage, omnibus ments, receipts, &c., are void if done" or other carriage, carrying or licensed contrary to this act. ' !
" to carry goods, parcels or passengers in So far, this is nothing more than a “ for hire, which shall in any manner re-enacting and hardening the old laws." commence its journey during any part of Charles the Second's reign ; but in " of the Lord's-day, or which shall in the present state of the country, and of " any manner proceed on, op continue large towns in particular, this bill is fulls“ its journey between the hours of:
. .." of the clock in the morning'10. The next is also a very import." and
of the clock of the ant clause, affecting all coasting vessels, " evening on any part of the Lord's-day, vessels trading to Ireland or across the " shall forfeit for the first offence ten channel, and all vessels and boats on . pounds, and for the second offence the rivers ;, .and I shall therefore give "twenty pounds, and for every subse- this also as I find it in the bill. It is " quent offence, thirty pounds, and be proposed “That every owner or part “ deprived of his or her license, if any“ owner, or owner or part owner for the ,“ such there be ; and every person with " tiine being, or person having the "such wagon cart, van, stage-coach,“ control, management, or direction for " steam-carriage, omnibus, or other car- “ the time being, as captain, master or "riage, shall forfeit for the first offence “ other person in command of any “any sum not less than five shillings, “ ship, steans-vessel, or other. vessel "nor more than ten shillings, for the " which shall leave its port, or com“ second offence not less than ten" mence its voyage on the Lord's-day, “ shillings, nor more than twenty shil “ except only any vessel of not less than “ lings, and for every subsequent offence“ two hundred tons burden, setting out “ not less than twenty shillings, nor more" upon a foreign voy age and not being " than five pounds.”
“ a steam-vessel, shall for every such : ; This stops the night. coaches that “ offence forfeit any sum not less than
start on a Saturday night, the carriers, “ fifty pounds nor more than one hun,vans, and road-wagons; it stops also“ dred pounds, and every owner and -all coaches that go out on Saturday" part owner, and owner and part owner morning, and even on Thursday and for the time being, and from having
Friday, if they have to go to distant" the control, management, and direc· places, such as Falınouth, Carlisle, Edin-" tion for the time being of any ship, - burgh, unless they manage to put up" steam-vessel or other vessel, or of any during some hours which have yet tu " cargo, who shall land, unload, disbe decided upon, and which may be " charge, remove, or warehouse, or cause from twelve o'clock on Saturday night" or procure to be landed, uploaded,
to twelve o'clock on Sunday night, and " discharged, removed or warehoused, **then proceed again; and, of course, it " and every person who shall assist or -stops the coaches that are coming up “ superintend in landing, unloading, disto London from distant places, unless “ charging, removing or warehousing they manage it so as to perform their " any cargo or freight, either wholly or journeys between Monday and Saturday, 1" in part, from outof or belonging to any or, to put-up on the road on Sunday. “ ship, steam-vessel, or other vessel, on -This will prevent the mails from carry" "any part of the Lord's-day, shall for. .. ing passengers at all on Sundays ; but " feit any sum not less than two pounds,
for this, see exemption-clause at the end. "nor more than five pounds; and ; 9. Proposes that nobody shall let, and" every person who shall employ in nobody hire, horse or carriage to be " the conveyance of goods or passen- ' used on a Sunday, under a penalty“ gers, or hire or let to hire, any boat, growing up in case of repetition of thie" wherry, lighter, barge, or other vessel, offence, from one pound to ten pounds; “ for the purpose of being used or emand loss of license.
“ ployed on any part of the Lord's day, 9. Any person travelling with any “shall furfeit for the first offence any cattle, or any animals, or with any “ súm not less than five shillings, nor barge, lighter, boat, or other vessel, on more than ten shillings; for the sethe Lord's-day, to suffer penalty such as “ cond offence, not less than ten shillings, is proposed in article 2 above; and "nor niore than twenty skillinys; and : every toll-gate or lock-keeper who shall“ for the third offence, not less than suffer any such to pass his gate or lock” twinty shillings, nor more than five on that day, is to pay a fine of twenty“ pounds." ... shillings. ..!!
This stops all steam-vessels, smacks,
&c. that coast their way to and from to the overseers of the poor, for the beLondon in our own internal shipping nefit of the poor of the parish in which trade, if such vessels require to start on the offence was committed. the Sunday; and, as the Lord did not! 14. The exemptions to this act are make the winds and tides observe the contained in one clause, and that clause Lord's-day any more than any other day, I shall give as it stands. It is : “ Proso advantages are no longer to be taken " vided always, and be it further enactof the caprices of winds, nor of the “ ed, that nothing in this act shall exflowing of tides, when these are favour-" tend to any menial servants acting in able to a Sunday starting. Again, the " the necessary service of his or her emRamsgate, Margate, Gravesend, and “ployer, or to any person, selling, buying, Greenwich,.and Richmond steam-boats" delivering or receiving milk before are absolutely stopped on the very days " nine o'clock in the morning, or after when they make their harvest. The “ four of the clock in the afternoon, or same sort of boats on other great rivers “ to any person selling, buying, deliare of course stopped also. Wherries, " vering or receiving medicine or mediyachts, and all boats, whether for plea " cinal drugs, or to any baker setting sure or otherwise, are to lie up on Sun-1" or superintending the sponge, or to days! This is absolute ruin to the " the selling, buying, delivering or reowners of wherries on the river Thames, “ ceiving of dressed meat, liquor or and to those on other rivers, of course, "other provisions within hotels, coffee.
11. Is a very important clause. “ And“ houses, inns, cook-shops, ale-houses, " whereas the profanation of the Lord's - beer-houses, or other houses for the “ day is greatly increased, by reason of " sale of victuals to be consumed in and “ farmers, drovers, cattle-dealers, and “ upon the preinises, by any traveller, “ others travelling thereon, for the pur- " or by any person or persons who shall “pose of attending various markets“ have lodged and slept on the premises “ and fairs which are now held on the " during the preceding night, or to any “ Monday ; be it therefore enacted, That “ person attending any meeting for re“ neither of the markets or fairs herein- " ligious worship, or school for reli" after mentioned
“ gious instruction, or to any person
shall be held on “ using or employing or employed with, “ a Monday; and every such market or " or hiring or letting to hire, any horse “ fair which is or shall be held or ap- " or horses, carriage or carriages, for “ pointed to be held upon a Monday, “ the purpose of going to or return« shall be held on the Tuesday next " ing from any place of religious “ ensuing," &c. under a penalty rising " worship, or to any rector, vicar, fronı twenty pounds to fifty.
" curate, or minister of religion, or 12. Is a proposition, that any justice" physician or other medical practitioner of peace, constable, police-officer, &c., “ going to, or returning from, or in the may seize one or more of any cattle " exercise of his professional duty, or that he shall find travelling on a Sunday," to any person acting under or by virand impound it till the next Wednesday," tue of or putting into execution this unless a penalty of not less than two “ act, or to any stage-coach, omni
suoner paid ; and if not paid before the “ sengers only for hire, and licensed to Wednesday, then, that any justice of “ run any distance not exceeding ten peace may impose, such forfeiture. " miles from London, which shall on
13., Complaints under this act are to“ any part of the Lord's day leave Lonbe made before any one or more justice " don at any hour not later than nine of or justices of the peace having jurisdic " the clock in the morning, or leave the tion in the place where the offence was " place from which it is licensed to run committed. He may award part of the “ to proceed to London at any hour penalty to the informer if he thinks fit; "after seven of the clock in the evening, · and, if not, the whole penalty to be paid or to the travelling only of the royal " mail, so that nothing in this excep.
EXTRACT . " tion contained shall extend to per
* FROM : : : 1 , 3 , “ mit the delivery of any letters or Facts (founded 'upon Parliamentary * other things connected with such run-1 Returns), illustrative of the great " ning of the said mail.”
inequality of the Taxes on Houses The exemption-clause, then, allows and Windows, showing hoip unjustle of men and maid servants doing the ne. and oppressively they beat upon the cessary domestic and other daily work.
middle and industrious clusses. * We may buy milk on the Sunday before
Dunn and Son, Fleet-street. .. nine in the morning and after four in The total amount of the house rental the afternoon. We may buy drugs. of Eogland and Wales is 11,154,1098., Bakers may set their sponge, or super- of which Longlon, Middlesex; avd Westintend the selling and buying and deli- minster contribute 5,143,3401. The vering of baked meat; and, in inns and amount of the assessment for the metrocoffee-houses and cook-shops meat and politan districts is most strikingly res drink may be sold to those who are tra- inarkable, but surprise vanishes upon å vellers, to those who have lodged and careful investigation, and is succeeded slept on the premises during the pre- by indignation at the unfair and unequal ceding night, to those who are attend. manner in which house property has ing meetings of religious worship, and been rated for the purposes of taxation. to these latter horses and carriages may In London and the populous suburbs, be let; medical men may attend the the dwellings of many thousands of sick, and persons may put this act in hard-working industrious men, men of force, on a Sunday; stage coaches and very trifling property,' whose' houses oinnibuses, carrying passengers for hire, solely acquire a high value from being if going only ten miles out of London,may in thoroughfares, valuable for the purgo on Sunday if they start before nine poses of trade, and for trade only, are in the morning; and they mly come rated, to the inhabited house duty, conback again into London, if they leave siderably higher than the dwellings of the place that they start fron after noblemen of princely furtunes, residing seven in the evening; the mail coaches in the different counties in England, may trade on the Sunday, but they may whose houses are, comparatively speaknot (as they now do when ten miles ing, palaces. Here is an act of Parlia. from London) deliver letters, nor may ment, the provisions of which are forcithey, according to this bill carry passen. bly plain, directing "that in all cases the gers on a Sunday, except as under article “real annual value shall be taken for the 7 above, which would, of course, prevent “ porpose of assessment," notoriously their carrying them at all on Sundays. evaded and shamefully avoided : a rate for the mail could not put up on the upon the full value, or 7-8ths of the varoad for any time. I have numbered my lue, is acted upon generally where the paragraphs above merely for the sake of middle and industrious classes are conreference; but the numbers are not cerned; but in other cases, two-thirds. those of the clauses in the bill. I men of the real value, one-half of the value, tion this, because persons in referring one quarter, and an eighth, have been to the bill might think to find the clauses taken in defiance of all law and justice. numbered as 1. have numbered the pa It is obvious that the principal part of ragraphs above, which is not the case. . the inhabited house duty has been
thrown upon industry, and that the power erful and wealthy classes have contrived to escape without paying a quarter of their due proportion. Even in London, how many of the occupants of houses in the fashionable streets and squares pay upon the rental paid, which fis of course the real annual value, and
as such can alone be suffered to be taken proportion, according to their respective for the purposes of assessment ? The law means, towards the maintenance and can admit of no collusion, subterfuge, support of the institutions and establishor evasion ; houses let at 20, 30, 40, and ments which shield and protect them in, 50 pounds per annum pay upon the full the enjoyment of their property. Under rental, or nearly so ; and that being the the existing mode no sort of proportion case, why should not all ? ..
Iexists between property and taxation ; This is a subject which comes home a peer with 30,000l. per ann. in freto every fire-side, and one which will quent instances, paying 'no more in amply repay a careful and searching house duty annually, possibly less, than examination : it opens our eyes to a sys- a person whose whole property put to tem long suspected to be in existence ; gether would not amount to 3,0001. the startling fact is plainly apparent, The total repeal of the assessed taxes, that in direct taxation the wealthy and the imposition of a fairly levied orders have not contributed one-fourth and equally divided tax upon property, of their due share. It is sufficiently which would take from all in proporobvious where the burden of taxation tion to their means, will be more equithas lain with fearful and overpowering able, and beyond all comparison, divide weight ; pressing heavily on the springs the burden of taxation more equally. of industry; devouring the hard earnings Such a measure would give general of toiling men, who may be truly de- satisfaction, and be productive of inf. scribed, in the language of Burns, as nite good, by sweeping away the various “the neglected many, whose nerves, checks and clogs, which, under the * whose sinews, and whose days are system of the assessed taxes, prevent " soll to the minions of fortune.". employment and cripples industry.
It must appear somewhat singular to The inconsistencies and inequalities the uninitiated to find the highest pay in the house duty, it's total inadequacy
owners of extensive, magáificent, and to equalize the weight of the taxation splendid mansions, with ample means of the state,' are plain and practical and princely incomes; but retail shop- grievances, clearly seen, and sensibly keepers--the occupants of shops and felt as such by the most deserving warehouses! We well know that the classes, who have for a long period suplaw literally, enforced would, by this ported patiently, with praiseworthy fortime, have laid one half of the country titude and forbearance, the unjustifiable mansions of the nobility in ruins ; the and oppressive burden shifted upon omission of the literal meaning and in them; it is now reasonable they should tent of the act throws a most undue be relieved by an alteration which would weight and proportion of taxation upon at once come home to their immediate industry. . " Hinc illæ lachryme." wants and interests. The state has unIf we insure a ship froin the perils of deniably a most just and undoubted the sea, or our houses from damage by claim upon all for the protection given, fire ; or if we insure our lives as a pro. and from all the legislature inust take vision, in case of death, for the benefit in proportion to their means--in proof surviving relatives, we pay insurance portion to the amount of their stake in for protection in proportion to the the nation,-guided by the value of their amount insured ; and by the same rule property, not by the fallacious and misof reason and common sense, if an indi- leading proof of property, the payment vidual has an income derived from pro- of a heavy rental for a shop or wareperty amounting to 100l. per annum, or house, or the scarcely less fallacions 1,0001., 10,000/., or 50,0001., . they test, the rent of the dwellings occupied should each pay a fair, just, and equnl by the middle classes generally. What ' Tire great majority by's comparison is of
criterion of property is there in renting course alluded to, and wot 'a feir individual large premises for a school, or a highly cases.
rented shop or warehouse ? a proof of