tempered the severity of the lawyer with the politeness and learning of the gentleman ; he was a faithful advocate, an impartial judge, and equally remarkable for a love of sincere piety, and a contempt of anxious superstition.”

Joseph Hall, successively Bishop of Exeter and Norwich, was the first successful satirist in our language. His verses are flowing and harmonious, and have something of that regularity of metre which was introduced in the time of Dryden. He has hit off with a humorous fidelity the vices of the upstart debauchee and the spendthrift heir, and has painted with a lively pencil some of the prevailing follies of his time. There is an allusion, in the third Satire of his fourth book, to the eager desire for wealth that turned so many of his countrymen into alchymists, or led them to the golden regions of the new world.

Vent'rous Fortunio his farm hath sold,
And gads to Guiane land to fish for gold,
Meeting perhaps, if Orenoque deny,
Some straggling pinnace of Polonian rye:
Then comes home floating with a silken sail,
That Severne shaketh with his cannon peal;
Wiser Raymundus, in his closet pent,
Laughs at such danger and adventurement,
When half his lands are spent in golden smoke,
And now his second hopeful glasse is broke.
But yet if hap'ly his third fornace hold,
Devoteth all his pots and pans to gold.

DONNE had greater energy than Hall, but far less

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power of versification; he was abstruse, and often obscure, but occasionally powerful. His lines are faulty and inharmonious, and stand the trial of the finger better than that of the ear. “He affects,” says Dryden, metaphysics, not only in his satires, but in his amorous verses, where nature only should reign, and perplexes the minds of the fair sex with speculations of philosophy, where he should engage their hearts, and entertain them with the softness of love."

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The chief poetical work of Daniel, who succeeded Spenser as poet laureat to Queen Elizabeth in 1599, is entitled the History of the Civil Wars, written in the octave stanza.t He was unfortunate in his subject rather than his skill. A poetical chronicle, however diversified and sustained, must often be languid and tedious, and the heroes of York and Lancaster are perhaps better qualified for the records of historic prose, than those of heroic verse. There is however a dignity and spirit in Daniel that must always rescue his works from neglect, and a purity and happiness of language superior to many of his contemporaries. His Musophilus, or defence of Learning, is eloquent and judicious, and his sonnets and minor compositions, though often tinctured with the conceit of the period, are not deficient

* So says Dr. Johnson of the metaphysical poets of the period, generally; but, however injudicious so sweeping a remark may be, there are not many readers who will disagree in its application to Donne.

+ The ottava rima of the Italians, the same stanza as that of Beppo and Don Juan.

in excellence. There is a fine poetic gloom in his sonnet:

If this be love-to draw a weary breath,
Paint on floods, till the shore cry to th' air:
With downward looks, still reading on the earth
These sad memorials of my love's despair.
If this be love-to war against my soul,
Lie down to wail, rise up to sigh and grieve;
The never-resting stone of care to roll;
Still to complain my griefs, while none relieve.
If this be love—to clothe me with dark thoughts,
Haunting untrodden paths, to wail apart;
My pleasures, horror; music, tragic notes;
Tears in mine eyes, and sorrow at my heart.
If this be love to live a living death;
Then do I love, and draw this weary breath.

BEN Jonson, the dramatist, has left us a collection of miscellaneous verses called Forests and Underwoods, and several larger poems. They are distinguished by an occasional tenderness and voluptuous dignity, a facility of rhyme, a manliness of thought, and a turn of mind running into epigram. His epigram on the union of the English and Scottish crowns is a specimen of the highest order of that species of composition :

When was a contract better driven by fate,
Or celebrated with more truth of state ?
The world the temple was; the priest, a king;
The spoused pair, two realms; the sea, the ring.

The song of Night, in his Masque of the Vision of Delight breathes the very soul of music and fancy :


Break, Phant'sie, from thy cave of cloud,

And spread thy purple wings;
Now all thy figures are allow'd,

And various shape of things.
Create of airy forms a stream,
It must have blood, and nought of phlegm;
And though it be a waking dream,


Yet let it like an odour rise

To all the senses here;
And fall like sleep upon their eyes,

Or music in their ear.

DRAYTON was a voluminous, yet national poet. He composed the Battle of Agincourt, the Baron's Wars, and England's Heroic Epistles. His chief work, the Poly-olbion is a description of our island, and full of antiquarian detail and allegorical personifications. He paints battle or hunting scenes, local sports or customs, and introduces historical characters and events into his poem,

which is written in Alexandrine lines, and divided into thirty parts or songs. If he is often spirited and fluent, he is as often tame and monotonous. At times he presents us with an animated and highly colored picture, and again his descriptions degenerate to the level of a traveller's guide or a poetical book of roads. Drayton, if he wanted a very deep imagination, had an harmonious ear, and has left us many tripping and graceful lyrics. His Cryer is not of a very high order of poetry, but it is lively and spirited.

Good folk, for gold or hire,
But help me to a cryer;
For my poor heart is run astray
After two eyes, that passed this way.

O yes, o yes, o yes,
If there be any man,
In town or country, can
Bring me my heart again,

I'll please him for his pain;
And by these marks I will you shew,
That only I this heart do owe.

It is a wounded heart,
Wherein yet sticks the dart,
Ev'ry piece sore hurt throughout it,
Faith, and troth, writ round about it:
It was a tame heart, and a dear,

And never us'd to roam;
But having got this haunt, I fear

'Twill hardly stay at home.
For God's sake, walking by the way,

If you my heart do see,
Either impound it for a stray,

Or send it back to me.

PHINEAS FLETCHER, the author of the Purple Island, has been compared by his admirers to Spenser, but he fell very far short of his model in power of imagery and grandeur of design. He was however read and admired by Milton, and complimented by Quarles; but his writings are not regarded in the present day with the favor lavished on them by the author's contemporaries.

QUARLES, the puritan, wrote with much nerve and intensity, but with the gloom and spirit of his sect. His verses were popular amongst those who looked with

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