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spent the greater part of 1789 in Brussels. They | in the vices of dissipation, up to the period of returned to London early in the subsequent year, his marriage ; but now his life was spent in the “ without money or means of living.”
solitude of his house at Ealing, without seeking The French Revolution was now in progress, or desiring any other enjoyment, than the comand Dr. Mackintosh had not been an uninter. position of his works, and the society of his wife, ested spectator of its workings and tendencies, to whom, by way of recreation in the evening, he nor blind to its consequences to Europe.
read what he had written during the day.” One of his brothers-in-law, Mr. Charles Stu Dr. Mackintosh had already been introduced, art, wrote for the theatres and the public press; by his brother-in-law, to Sheridan, who is here and by him Dr. Mackintosh was introduced to called 16 Manager of the Press to the Whig John Bell, and became editor of The Oracle. His party.” The opponent of Burke also became first labours were task-work: he was paid by known to Fox, Grey, Lauderdale, Erskine, measure, and produced quantities which fright- Whitbread, and all the leading Whigs ; and was, ened Mr. Bell. One week he extended to a on the other side, as an Inverness-shire gentleL.10 length, which must have included many man of literary talent, invited to the Duchess of feet of columns; and this occasioned his reduca Gordon's routs. He also shared the abuse of tion to a fixed salary. The Oracle attracted the Tories; and this completed his triumph, as notice. The Editor became known to the no the defender of the French Revolution, and the torious Felix Macarthy, an Irish compound of champion of its admirers in England. rake, gladiator, writer, and politician, the com In the following year, the “Corresponding Sopanion of Sheridan in his orgies and election ciety of the Friends of the People,” was organscenes, and the humble follower of Lord Moira.” | ized under the auspices of Lord Grey. Dr. This character introduced him to the unfortunate Mackintosh, a member from the first, became Joseph Gerald; and by Gerald, who had been a its secretary, managed its correspondence with favourite pupil with Dr. Parr, he was made known great ability, and carefully composed its lead. to that luminary. His brothers-in-law now be- | ing manifesto,—“The Declaration of the Friends came proud of their relative. They wished him of the People.” The Society voted him thanks to attempt something higher than The Oracle, for a pamphlet on the apostacy of Pitt from and Mr. Bell's measured employment; and as the cause of reform ; and the Attorney-General, everything must have a beginning, having had Sir John Scott, the present Lord Eldon, did him some previous experience as a speaker in Edin the honour to become as alarmed at his writings burgh, he attended a public meeting of the coun. and revolutionary principles, as he was at those of ty of Middlesex, and made a speech which “ Paine, Mary Wolstoncroft, and “ the Friends of received with great applause,” especially by the People," and denounced them in common in Felix Macarthy, and his own personal friends. Parliament. Now an active politician, Mackin
The death of his father placed Dr. Mackintosh tosh entirely gave up his original profession; in possession of a little money about this time, and and, entering at Lincoln's Inn, he was in 1795 he took a house at Ealing, and sought and found called to the bar. deserved celebrity, by writing his answer to As a barrister, he does not appear to have had Burke's “Reflections on the French Revolu. any professional success whatever. He continued tion,”-his Vindiciæ Gallicæ, the foundation of his to write for the newspapers and periodical works; future literary fame and prosperity. Instead of a and though his patrimonial inheritance still affordpamphlet, as he had originally intended, it ap ed some resource, with “his want of prudence peared in April 1791, as a volume of nearly 400 and economy, and the expenses of a family he rages. He sold the copyright for L.30; but was often embarrassed." This too frequent epi. three editions being called for in the same year, sode, in the life of all politicians struggling into “ The publisher,' says the biographer, “had public notice, was attended by the almost unfailing the liberality [honesty] to give the author more consequences, the desertion of those principles than triple the sum.” The enlightened spirit which, as things are ordered in this country, are in which the life of Mackintosh is composed may soon seen to impede success in life. The biograbe inferred from the following passage relating pher of Mackintosh states the case with candour to this work :
and fairness. “ His political principles now un“ The period of composing it was probably the derwent a change which was variously judged. happiest of his life. The more generous princi- It has been assigned to a visit of some days to ples and brighter views of human nature, society Burke. There are two versions of his acquain. and government, of his own ambition and hopes, tance with his great adversary. According to which then engaged his faculties, and exalted one account, he was induced to write Burke, his imagination, were assuredly not compensated without having had any personal intercourse with to him by the commendations which he after- him, a letter of recommendation of some third wards obtained for practical wisdom, matured person ; according to the other, Burke charged experience, and those other hackneyed phrases, Dr. Lawrence with a long letter to him, conwhich are doubtless often justly bestowed, but taining an invitation to Beaconsfield.” However which are still oftener but masks for selfish cal this might be, the barrister threw off the faith of culation, and grovelling ambition. His domestic the doctor. The horrors of the French Revolulife was, at the same time, the happiest that can be tion became, at this time, a scape-goat for the conceived. He had indulged, by his own avowal, | renegades. “ lie might,” says his biographer,
chave recollected that, if the Revolution pro five to thirty Peers, double the number of Comduced men of blood, religion had generated per moners, and a crowd of the most learned and acsecutors, and monarchy tyrants, to become a complished persons in the metropolis, were at. bloody scourge of the human race.
tracted to Lincoln's Inn Hall," as if it had been position, that his political opinions were made the Opera House on the first night of a new thus suddenly to veer about, would shake his singer, whose fame has long preceded her. Memclaim to that depth, firmness, and force of prin. bers of the Government were among the audience ciple, which are the growth of the first order at the introductory lecture, which was the only of minds. Other disgusts than those of Jacobin one published. It drew forth letters of compliism and the Revolution may be easily conceived ment from Lords Melville and Rosslyn, Mr. Ad. to have been felt by him. With talents and am- dington, Mr. Canning, and Mr. Pitt himself. But bition, he had his fortune to make. Notwith. the lectures, though they continued to be praised, standing his intimacy with the leading Whiys, ceased to be followed by the distinguished perand their estimation of him, he was still but the sonages who patronized the lecturer. pioneer of a party; and he must have found There were other persons present to whom the the cause of liberty and the people a barren ser biographer has not alluded, and one judge has left vice. The man who would attach himself to the on record an opinion on the spirit, scope, and Whigs, or serve the people, must not be depen-effect of these lectures, which is entitled to great dent for his fortune upon either, if he would as deference. Hazlitt, in noticing a celebrated pire to political station, or escape disgusts. What speech of Sir James's on the transfer of Genoa, was Burke but the subaltern-the very slave of delivered long after this, thus reverts to the a party-the pensioner of Lord Rockingham more celebrated lectures:-“There was a greater degraded rather than distinguished by the paltry degree of power, or of dashing and splendid eftitle of a Privy Counsellor ? If Huskisson be fect (we wish we could add, an equally humane came a leading Cabinet Minister, and Canning and liberal spirit) in the Lectures on the Law of the chief of an administration, it was becanse Nature and Nations, formerly delivered by Sir they renounced Whiggism at the threshold of James, then Mr. Mackintosh, in Lincoln's Inn public life. Thus humanity, ambition, and neces Hall. He showed greater confidence; was more sity might have predisposed Sir James Mackin at home there. The effect was more electrical tosh to become a convert; and the knowledge and instantaneous; and this elicited a prouder of this predisposition would account for the spon- display of intellectual riches, and a more ani. taneous advances of Burke." It is not, however, mated and imposing mode of delivery. Dazzling evident that Burke's advances were spontaneous, others by the brilliancy of his arguments,--dazzled or that he made advances at all; though it would himself by the admiration they excited, he lost have been something to the nobler apostate, to fear as well as prudence, dared every thing, carsee another fox, of some mark, cut off his tail. Nor ried every thing before him. The Modern Phiis it unlikely that Mackintosh first won his way to LOSOPHY, counterscarp, outworks, citadel, and all, Burke by very courtly reviews, in the Monthly fell without a blow,' by the whiff and wind of his Review, of the Letter to a Noble Lord, and fell doctrine,' as if it had been a pack of cards. Thoughts On A Regicide PEACE.
The volcano of the French Revolution was He was still so much connected with the Whig seen expiring in its own flames, like a bonfire party as to be obliged to defend that odious, made of straw; the principles of Reform were time-serving, rapacious personage, the founder scattered in all directions, like chaff before the of the House of Russell, whom Burke had elo.. keen northern blast." It was not surprising that quently attacked, and whom the Whig literati peers and commoners trooped to Lincoln's Inn should really give up to judgment. Sir James, Tall, and that Tory ministers sent complimentary in these reviews, trimmed between the Foxites letters. “ The havoc was amazing, the desolaand the Alarmists, with the ambidextrous policy tion was complete. As to our visionary sceptics which rarely succeeds. If the Pitt party did not and Utopian Philosophers, they stood no chance now gain him on their own terms, it was because with our lecturer ;-he did not carve them as they were not very anxious about the bargain. a dish fit for the gods, but hewed them as a He had receded from Fox, without making any carcass fit for hounds. Poor Godwin, who had efficient way with Pitt ; though the members of come, in the bonhommie and candour of his the Tory Government were seen among his friends, nature, to hear what new light had broken in when, in 1797, he put forth a prospectus of a upon his old friend, was obliged to quit the field ; course of Lectures on the Law of Nature and and slunk away, after an exulting taunt thrown Nations, to be delivered at Lincoln's Inn. For out at “such fanciful chimeras,' as a golden this he had the double motive of gaining money mountain, or 'a perfect man.' Mr. Mackintosh for the maintenance of his family and extending had something of the air, much of the dexterity his reputation. His understood thorough change and self-possession of a political and philosophical of creed, if not of faith, is seen in the circum. juggler; and an eager and admiring audience stance of the Benchers' refusing him the use gaped and greedily swallowed the gilded bait of of their Hall as a Lecture Room, until the pre sophistry, prepared for their credulity and won. sent Lord Eldon, and the Chancellor, Lord Ross. der, Those of us who attended day after day, lyn, signified their pleasure. Previous care must and were accustomed to have all our previous have been taken to make friends. “From twenty notions confounded and struck out of our heads
by some metaphysical legerdemain, were at last | body of that once religious people made a bonfire at some loss to know whether two and two made of their Bibles, in honour of the new apostle ?" four, till we heard the lecturer's opinion on this “ Does he perceive the mischievous and infernal head.” As the introductory lecture alone has art with which Deism is preached to the deluded been printed, there is now probably no account peasantry of Scotland, while Atheism is reserved of the scope of the whole course to be obtained for the more illuminated ruffians of London ?" equal to this of Hazlitt, who, it appears, attended Let us stretch our charity “ to the crack of daily. “ It seemed,” he continues, “ to be doom,” it is not possible to believe that Mr. equally his object, or the tendency of his discour Mackintosh was a believer in the bugbears inses, to unsettle every principle of reason or of vented to discredit the cause of Reform, which common sense, and to leave his audience, at the he lent his pen to dress up in fresh horrors. His mercy of the dictum of a lawyer, the nod of a biographer gives him up. It might have occurminister, or the shout of a mob. To effect this red to him, that though the union of ferocity purpose he drew largely on the learning of an with irreligion may have been, to use his own tiquity, on modern literature, on history, poetry, words, agreeable to the reasoning' of an and the belles lettres, on the schoolmen, and on alarmist of that period, the union of ferocity writers of novels, French, English, and Italian. with fanaticism was much more congenial, freMr. Mackintosh's lectures, aster all, were but a quent, and cruel ; that the French philosophy of kind of philosophical centos. They were pro the eighteenth century, thus stigmatized by him, found, brilliant even to his hearers; but the with the imputation of an immoral, anti-social, profoundity, the brilliancy, the novelty, were barbarizing spirit, and savage appetite for blood, not his own. He was like Dr. Pangloss, (not expunged the torture from the criminal proceVoltaire's but Coleman's,) who speaks only in quo- dure---persecution from the criminal jurisprutations ; and the pith and marrow of Sir James's dence of France,—and brought the French Proreasoning, at this time, might be put within in testant within the pale of Christian society. He verted commas. It, however, served the pur should have remembered that the obloquy of ir. pose, and the loud echo died away. We are only religion was cast upon himself, before he became sorry for one thing in these lectures,-the tone reconciled to the self-called champions of the and spirit in which they seemed to have been altar and the throne ; and that mere railing, composed, and to be delivered. If all that body even where the reproach of infidelity may be of opinions and principles, of which the orator well-founded, is the resource of dispute usually read his recantation, was confounded, and there employed by persons of mean capacity and base was an end to all those views and hopes that nature.” This is well said. Sir James Mackinpointed to future improvement, it was not a mat tosh was not of base nature ; but, at this time, ter of triumph or exultation to the lecturer, or he betrayed himself, and he felt with the acri. any body else, to the young or the old, the wise mony of a sensitive mind, that could not have or the foolish ; on the contrary, it was a subject been wholly unconscious of wilful error, and that of regret,-of slow, reluctant, painful admission.” was liable to the imputation of sordid motives.
The biographer of Sir James says, that these We turn to Mr. Mackintosh in his best as. lectures, which propitiated the friends of social pect, --in domestic life. In 1797, he lost his wife, order, so called, procured the lecturer the offer after a union of eight years. He wrote Dr. of an Under Secretaryship from Mr. Pitt; and Parr with much better taste and feeling than that it is certain Canning, his personal friend, dictated those remarks on Benjamin Flower, ealled upon him with an offer of official place “ which more resemble the rant by which priests and patronage from the Minister. Though he inflame the languid bigotry of their fanatical addid not yet obtain place,“ his name was placed on herents, than the calm, ingenuous, and manly crithe Minister's list, among those who were to be ticism of a philosopher and a scholar."* It would provided for.” In the meanwhile, Robert Hall, seem that Dr. Parr had written him a letter of the Baptist preacher, a man of a far more ori- condolence, and he thus addresses the Doctor :ginal and powerful mind than Mackintosh, made “ I use the first moment of composure to rehis lapse; and in defending his friend, in the Bri turn my thanks to you for having thought of me tish Critic, from Benjamin Flower, the Editor of in my aMiction. It was impossible for you to the Cambridge Chronicle, who had made some just know the bitterness of that affliction ; for I mystrictures upon Hall's political sermon, we would self scarce knew the greatness of my calamity defy any Tory party writer of the period to till it had fallen upon me; nor did I know the bave exceeded in violence, unfairness, and gross acuteness of my own feelings till they had been cant, the late Secretary of “ The London Corres. subjected to this trial. Alas! it is only now I ponding Society.” He denounces Diderot and feel the value of what I have lost. Allow me, D'Alembert, and refers, as authorities, to the in justice to her memory, to tell you what she Abbé Baruel, and Professor Robison ! Take was, and what I owed her. I was guided in my one specimen :-" Has he (Mr. Flower) never choice only by the blind affection of my youth, heard that the miners of Cornwall were in and might have formed a connexion in which a stigated to sell their clothes to purchase the short-lived passion would have been followed by impious ravings of Tom Paine ? or that they repentance and disgust; but I found an intelli. were gratuitously distributed among the people
Said by Mackintosh himself, in animadverting on of Scotland, with such fatal effects that a large Burke's “ rant” about the English Free-thinkers.
gent companion, a tender friend, a prudent mo charmed with the letter and the ofäce.
“I nitress ; the most faithful of wives, and as dear never," he says, “ received from mortal man a a mother as ever children had the misfortune to letter which, in point of composition, can be com. lose. Had I married a woman who was easy, or pared with that you wrote me the other day; and giddy enough to have been infected by my impru were you to read it yourself, at some very remote dence, or who had rudely and harshly attempted period, you would be charmed with it, as I have to correct it, I should, in either case, have been been, and you would say of it, as Cicero did of irretrievably ruined: a fortune, in either case, his work, De Senectute, ' Ipse, mea legens, sic would, with my habits, have been only a shorter afficior interdum, ut Catonem, non me, loqui cut to destruction. But I met a woman who, existemem."" What follows is amusingly chaby the tender management of my weaknesses, racteristic," I have myself sometimes experi. gradually corrected the most pernicious of them, | enced a similar effect from the less objectionable and rescued me from the dominion of a degrad-parts of my own writing, long after their pub ing and ruinous vice. She became prudent from lication. My opinion is, that an inscriptionaffection; and, though of the most generous na such a one, I mean, as would be most worthy of ture, she was taught economy and frugality by your character, most adapted to your feelings, her love for me. During the most critical period and most satisfactory to your ultimate judgment, of my life, she preserved order in my affairs, -calls for the Latin language.
You know my from the care of which she relieved me; she sentiments, and from mine, probably, have you gently reclaimed me from dissipation ; she prop- borrowed your own, on the best forms of epiped my weak and irresolute nature; she urged taphs.” Finally, the inscription on this admirmy indolence to all the exertions that have been able wife stands in St. Clement's Church, in useful and creditable to me ; and she was perpe. the Doctor's most choice Latin. The amusing tually at hand to admonish my heedlessness and mixture of pedantry and bonhommie, ever conimprovidence. To her I owe that I am not a spicuous in this learned personage, has tempted ruined outcast ; to her, whatever I am ; to her, us aside. Mr. Mackintosh married, after an inwhatever I shall be. In her solicitude for my terval of about two years, Miss Allan, the daugh. interest, she never for a moment forgot my feel. ter of a Pembrokeshire gentleman. He, about ings and my character. Even in her occasional this time, to increase his precarious income, beresentment,-for which I but too often gave just came a shareholder and writer for the Morning cause, (would to God that I could recall those Post, at a fixed salary. This print had been moments !) she had no sullenness or acrimony. commenced by his brother-in-law, Mr. Stuart. Her feelings were warm and impetuous,—but The professional life of Sir James afforded so she was placable, tender, and constant. She few memorable events, that a good deal of noise, united the most attentive prudence with the most and—not to speak it profanely-getting up, atgenerous and guileless nature, with a spirit that tended those that did occur. Like those young disduined the shadow of meanness, and with the barristers, who are more celebrated in public kindest and most honest heart. Such was she life, than trusted by keen-sighted, cautious atwhom I have lost; and I have lost her when her torneys, Mr. Mackintosh's cases were chiefly Comexcellent natural sense was rapidly improving, mittee ones, arising from contested elections. A after eight years of struggle and distress had great case is often of far more consequence to a bound us fast together, and moulded our tempers young barrister than he is to it. It is not diffito each other; when a knowledge of her worth cult to place the finger on the precise case which, had refined my youthful love into friendship, by giving scope to the powers of the struggling before age had deprived it of much of its origi. advocate, and drawing attention to their disnal ardour. I lost her, alas! (the choice of my play, has created, or paved the way for his fuyouth and the partner of my misfortunes,) at a ture prosperity and eminence. The case in which moment when I had the prospect of her sharing Mr. Mackintosh found a temporary forensic dismy better days. This, my dear Sir, is a calamity tinction, which, however, speedily melted into his which the prosperity of the world can never re general literary and lecturing reputation, was pair. To expect that any thing, on this side the that of Peltier, an emigrant agent of the Bourgrave, can make it up, would be a vain and de- bons, who, in London, published a newspaper in lusive expectation. If I had lost the giddy and French, entitled The Ambigu, for the purpose of thoughtless companion of prosperity, the world dissemination in France. After the Peace of could easily repair the loss; but I have lost the Amiens, “ The Regicide Peace,” this ambiguous tender and faithful partner of my misfortunes ; | print contained a poem, pretending to be writand my only consolation is that Being under ten by Chenier, which instigated the French whose severe but paternal chastisement I am people to the assassination of our then ally, the cut down to the ground." The bereaved widower, First Consul. Buonaparte applied for redress to after adverting to the usual topics of consolation, the English Government; and the Attorney-Gein a tone of Christian hope and resignation, neral filed a criminal information against the and mild philosophy, proceeds to consult the editor of The Ambigu, who, we are told," selected learned Doctor about a suitable inscription for Mackintosh for his leading counsel, in order to his wife's monument. English he thought the afford a splendid opportunity to a friend." The best adapted to the purpose, but he requested a trial took place before Lord Ellenborough, in Latin epitaph from his friend. Dr. Parr was February, 1803. In one word, we shall say, that
Sir James, with great pains of preparation, spoke When Pitt, who could not stoop to make peace on this celebrated trial, a complete “Anti-Vin with regicide France, went in 1801 out of office, in diciæ Gallicæ, a pamphlet, almost a volume, connivance, as is believed, with his successor, Mr. which shews a considerable degree of literary Addington, Canning obtained a promise from the talent and general reading, without much indi new Minister, that his friend, Mackintosh, shouid vidual or profound thinking; and a very fair be provided for. In the meanwhile, he defend. -an almost undue allowance of fustian-of clap-ed the measures of the Government in the cotrap oratorical passages, and of palpable aims lumns of the Morning Post, and at length reap. at the one-shilling gallery of the public. One ed the tardy reward of his merits and services, passage we shall cite, as the biographer says it in the appointment of Recorder of Bombay. At “ is not only elegant, but has a direct and dex one time he might have looked upon this appointterous bearing on the case, and is, therefore, ment as an impediment in his progress, or a kind one of the best in the speech.
of honourable banishment; “ but his want of “ One asylum of free discussion is still inviolate. fortune, his embarrassments, the necessity and There is still one spot in Europe where man can freely present duty of future maintenance for his young exercise his reason on the most important concerns of Society; where he can boldly publish his judgment on
family, the equivocal position in which he stood the acts of the proudest and most powerful tyrants; the
between the two great political parties, which press of England is still free.* It is guarded by the
then divided opinion in England and Europe, free constitution of our forefathers. It is guarded by the the neutral character of a judicial office; all hearts and arms of Englishmen; and I trust I may
those considerations prevailed with him." He venture to say, that if it is to fill, it will fall only under the ruins of the British empire."
received, what his biographer says “is called “ 1: is an awful consideration, gentlemen. Every mo
the honour of Knighthood," and sailed for Innument of European liberty has perished. That ancient dia in 1804. During his residence in the East, fabric, which has been gradually reared by the wisdom Sir James laid aside politics in a great measure. and virtue of our fathers, still stands. It stands, thanks
His favourite studies were morals and the philobe to God! solid, and entire,- but it stands alone, and it stands amidst ruins."
sophy of jurisprudence; his main object, the proOf the Revolution, the converted author of motion of civilization and science. Already he the Vindiciæ Gallicæ says, –
appears to have adopted those mild and merciful « Gentlemen, the French Revolution I must pause ideas of the objects of criminal jurisdiction and of after I have uttered the words which present such an over punishment, which he afterwards developed in whelming idea. But I have not now to engage in an en the British senate. His charges to the grand terprise so far beyond my force, as that of examining jury of Bombay have been preserved ; and they and judging that tremendous Revolution. I have only to consider the character of the factions which it left redound greatly to his honour. In the year of behind it :--The French Revolution began with great his arrival, we notice a passage in his charge very and fatal errors. These errors produced atrocious crimes. apposite to the present state of feeling in BriA mild and feeble monarchy was succeeded by bloody
tain. Several of the Indian provinces had, in anarchy, which very shortly gave birth to military des
that year, been visited by famine. The causes potism. France, in a few years, described the whole circle of human society. All this was in the order of of the frequent famines in India he avoided, as nature: when every principle of authority and civil unapt and difficult of investigation to a stranger ; discipline, -when every principle which enables some men but he alluded to the same unfortunate state of to command, and disposes others to obey, was extirpated
things in Europe in former times, when the by atrocious theories, and still more atrocious examples when every old institution was trampled down with im.
causes that now occasion at worst scarcity, propunity, and every new institution covered in its cradle duced famine. Free commerce he assigned as the with blood,—when the principle of property itself, the main antidote in modern times. “ For only one sheet-anchor of society, was annihilated,—when, in the
of two expedients against dearth can be imaginpersons of the new possessors, whom the poverty of lan
ed: either we must consume less food or must guage oblijes us to call proprietors, it was contaminated in its source by robbery and murder; and it became procure more; and, in general, both must be separated from that society, and those manners, from combined ; we must have recourse both to re. that general presumption of superior knowledge, and trenchment and to importation. So powerful more scrupulous probity, which form its only liberal
and so beneficial are the energies of the great titles to respect.” “ Under such circumstances, Buonaparte usurped the supreme power n France.
civilizing principle of commerce, which counterusurped, because an illegal assumption of power is an
acted as it everywhere is, by the stupid preju. usurpation. But usurpation, in its strongest moral dices of the people, and by the absurd and missense, is scarcely applicable to a period of lawless and chievous interference of governments, has yet savage anarchy. The guilt of military usurpation, in truth, belongs to the authors of those confusions, which accomplished so great a revolution in the consooner or later give birth to such an usurpation."
dition of so large a part of mankind, as totally This, and much more in the same speech, to exempt them from the dread of the greatest might not unaptly furnish tropes and figures
calamity which afflicted their ancestors !" to those few superannuated alarmists and anti A singular event which occurred while şir Jacobins, who, in the Tory periodicals, are still James was Recorder of Bombay, is stripped of endeavouring to shew, that the French Revolution much of its romance, and restored to its proper was the exact prototype of the Reform Bill. dimensions, in this Life. Two lieutenants in
the British service, named M'Guire and Cauty, Messrs. Bell, Grant, Barrett, and Cohen, are at this were tried before the tribunal of the Recorder, moment ready to attest this! The Marshalsca of London,
for waylaying, with intent to murder, two Dutchand Dublin, and Chelmsford jail, may witness to it-with some fifty of the London ncwsmen.
men, who had excited their anger. They were