ページの画像
PDF
ePub

TAIT’S

EDINBURGH MAGAZINE.

JUNE, 1834.

TO OUR SUBSCRIBERS.

We have this month the pleasure of announ existence, could not have commanded. To such cing to our readers the important accession of readers of Johnstone's Magazine as may choose Johnstone's Magazine to this periodical. To us to trace and recognise its identity after it is conthe junction brings a valuable addition of talent joined with Tait, the work will come possessed and literary auxiliaries, and such an increase of of all its original claims, enhanced by those it numbers as will at once place Tait's Magazine, must derive from participating in the contribuin point of circulation, far above all the other tions of some of the first writers of the day, monthly literary periodicals sold in Scotland, tak which have hitherto appeared in Tait exclusively. ing their aggregate together. The advantages “It may be a very natural idea that if Johnwhich the subscribers to Johnstone's Magazine stone's Magazine had succeeded to a considermay anticipate from the junction, have already able extent, there could have been no use in been explained in the May number of that work ; combining the works, similar though they be in where good and substantial reasons for coalition spirit and character ; but it is nevertheless a were detailed. It was there stated that

mistaken one.

Both works have succeeded to a “ The leading object is to combine, in one Ma- | remarkable extent, though their success has gazine, the best features of both, which, by sav hitherto lain in different countries :

-Tait more ing labour and expense to the proprietors of in England; Johnstone chiefly in Scotland, though both, may enable them to produce a work unri- making a steady onward progress in England. valled in cheapness and excellence, in which the This was another ng reason for junction. In political reader shall miss nothing of the ability, Scotland the success of Johnstone has been unboldness, and decision, with which he has been precedented, and far beyond anything that could accustomed to see public questions discussed in have been anticipated for a monthly work, not the periodical which now takes the lead; nor of the lightest character, and adapted either to any class lack whatever original literary talent, persons of cultivated mind, or to readers of and varied information and entertainment may healthy and vigorous appetite. It still holds its have distinguished both works.

place in Scotland, while, in the new form, [before “In announcing this coalition, the point chiefly the junction,] Tait's circulation is already equal, requiring notice is the increase of price to the even in Scotland, to three times that of the Edin.. snbscribers of Johnstone's Magazine, which, from burgh Review or Blackwood; promising a fair and the 1st of June, (when, the works being iden fruitful field to the conjoined Magazines at home ; tified, it merges in Tait's Magazine, and, under and, in England, an immediate extension of the that general name,) will sell at a shilling. Even circulation of Johnstone under its new character." here, those of our subscribers who are willing to To the above explanation of our new ally and pay the additional charge, will have an ample able auxiliary, we have little to add, save the equivalent, in a better quality of paper, a larger expression of our confident expectation, that the quantity of letter-press, and general superiority utility of a junction, which adds much and takes of appearance,-laying altogether aside the pri- nothing away, must soon be apparent, in the mary consideration of gaining those eminent production of a work, adapted, by its contents writers, whose genius and literary accomplish- and execution, to the most cultivated class of ment have gained for Tait's Magazine the high general readers; and from the unrivalled cheapreputation it enjoys, and whose aid Johnstone's ness resulting from a large circulation, accessible Magazine, at its low price, and in its separate to those of the most moderate pecuniary means,

THE SCOTTISH ELECTIONS.

The precarious condition of the Whig Go. ther Whig nor Tory can long control. Every vernment has given the elections in this country reformer saw that the struggle was not one of a very unusual degree of importance. That principle, but of mere party; and the man who which has terminated in the county of Perth, called public opinion to his aid, carried the day. was distinctly recognised by both parties as a If Sir George Murray shall hold fast by the defair trial of strength, and each put every pos claration of principles he made on the hustings, sible means of success in requisition. The dis he will bear out every reformer who gave him a comfiture of the Whigs has been complete. The vote in preference to the Whig nominee. After Tories attribute the victory they have gained what they have seen of Whig performance, the to causes which may have had some influence, electors are fully justified in making trial of but which were not equal to the production of Tory promise. By that declaration, if acted so sudden and total a change of sentiment upon, Sir George Murray must infallibly forfeit the among the electors, as was apparent by the re support of many of his Tory friends; but he will şult of the contest. The boasted re-action in rally a strength around him, from the independent Perthshire, and in the country at large, is against constituency of Perthshire, which will more than the Whigs; but it by no means follows that it compensate that loss. The Radicals of Perth. is in favour of the Tories. This is a contingent shire who voted at all, need not be ashamed of effect. The strength of Sir George Murray lay voting for the Tory candidate, who, on the quesin the weakness of the enemy; and having per tion of Church Patronage, the claims of the Disceived this he was adroit enough to take advan- senters, and in asserting the importance and digtage of their manifold blunders. A choice of nity of what is called the lower branch of the evils was presented to the liberal electors; and Legislature, went farther than the Whig durst many of them thought that in voting for Sir venture. The abolition of Church Patronage is George Murray, they chose the least. It was virtually conceded by the declaration of Sir their experience of Whignon-performance, placed George Murray, if there is any meaning in words; against their hope in Tory liberal professsion and Lord Brougham himself, the life-long proand promise. The Tory candidate came forward fessing friend of the Dissenters, has never gone with declarations of remarkable liberality; and his farther in advocating their claims. We wish to party possess the immense advantage over their put part of this remarkable 'Tory declaration on opponents, of not having been recently convicted record. Sir George Murray knows the new of gross insincerity. The sentiments of a great world he has entered upon too well to imagine that number of the reformers in Perthshire, we can words will long pass for deeds. Our extract is gather from the tone of the liberal press in taken from the Perthshire Advertiser, the Minisparts of Scotland removed from the influence terial organ, consequently the strenuous advoand contagion of party feeling during the heat cate of Mr. Graham, and not likely to represent of an election. The liberal papers are actually too strongly the liberal tendency of the Tory exulting in the defeat of the Whigs, though they Speaker. differ with the Tories on the causes to which After some general professions of attachment the victory should be attributed. Unless many to the latest improvements of the Constitution, true reformers had voted for Sir George Mur by which is meant the Reform Bill, we presume, ray, the poll books could not, in so short a time, Sir George said, have exhibited the mortifying contrast with Lord All subsequent improvements, he conceived, ought to Ormelie's majority,-a majority of above 500

receive as much support as any part of the Constitution, for the Whig candidate of 1832, changed into

however ancient. They were entitled to receive the sup

port of every individual, whether in a public or private one of 197 for the Tory representative of 1834. capacity, as much as those great principles established in

The true state of the case is, that many of the 1688. The gallant officer then went on to speak of rereformers conceived it unnecessary to differ with ligious freedom. He claimed for every sect and persuatheir neighbours, and oppose their landlords, for

sion, the full enjoyment of those opinions they might pre80 trivial a matter as the choice before them.

fer in regard to religion, and of those forms of worship

which might appear to them best fitted for carrying on Personal considerations recommended the Tory their devotional exercises. He claimed, also, that there candidate; while many liberal men were alienated should be no exclusion whatever from official situations by the barefaced manner in which the Whig no on account of religious opinions. With reference to the minee was pushed forward, and disgusted by the

question at present under discussion in Parliament- the

admission of Dissenters into the English Universities--he hasty bestowal of place, meant to catch votes upon held that free admission ought to be given to all sects, as the old belief that a placeman endowed with any well as the members of the Established Church. one good gift, will always possess especial attrac In his declaration of principles, Sir George tion for a Scottish constituency. In former pe Murray adverted to the question which is at riods, with a handful of needy freeholders, their present so violently agitating Scotland, the sepolicy would have been completely efficacious. paration of Church and State, and the abolition Sir George Murray discovers more skill in dis

of all Establishments. His opinions, he said, cerning the signs of the times, and adapting him. might be inferred from his conduct in relation to self to that change of circumstances, which nei. Canada, when he held the office of Colonial Se

1

cretary. In other words, that the religion estab the blame must be laid, not on them, but on the lished should be that of the majority. Is it not absence of the ballot ! and Sir George Murray has the fair inference from these words, that if any gained the representation of this important counreligion is countenanced by the State, in Ireland, ty, by a much smaller majority; because, between for instance, it should be the Roman Catholic Whig and Tory, the electors had but a choice of faith ? Away, at least, goes the galling and op evils, and because, whatever his past opinions or pressive establishment of a small minority, if party may have been, his declarations now are of the principles of Sir George Murray are acted far more liberal tendency than those of his oppoupon.

nent. We must farther notice the manly and sensi. The next point to which he alluded, was Church Patro. ble manner in which, at the close of the election, nage. He explained the great principle of the plan which the Tory representative spoke of the mummeries Government ought to adopt, to be that the voice of the

of party-badges and colours, and reprobated the people ought to be heard in the nomination of a minister

semi-barbarous child's play of chairing the memto a parish-that no minister ought to be thrust on a parish if not acceptable to a majority of the people. The bers, recently introduced into Scotland.

These hon. Baronet then proceeded to state his opinion on the are trifles : but they show how the wind sets. Corn Laws. He advocated a fair and equal protection to every branch of home industry, whether commercial,

The pending election in the city of Edinburgh agricultural, or manufacturing. There ought to be no exclusion; no priority of claim. He might be asked

attracts more interest among the Scottish rewhat line of conduct would he pursue in Parliament,

formers than did that of the county of Perth ; as should it please that constituency to send him as their Mr. Aytoun is again in the field, and the sinrepresentative. He had no hesitation in saying that

cerity of the Edinburgh Radicals, and such of he should be a perfectly independent representative.

the Dissenters and Voluntary Churchmen as are He disclaimed the possession of those strong party feelings which had that day been ascribed to him.

electors, is about to be fairly tested in open day. He should not seek to put down one party for the pur. Mr. Aytoun comes forward on independent pose of making room for another ; but should pursue grounds, but pledged to the immediate abolition an entirely independent line of conduct-neither pledged

of the Corn Laws, to the Ballot, the restoration to support a party, nor oppose the Government. The hon.

of Triennial Parliaments, and other popular meagentleman who had put Mr. Graham in nomination, had talked of the Earl of Ormelie being raised to a higher

sures of reform. It is universally allowed that he branch of the legislature. It might, perhaps, be the is a man of high character, good talents, excellent highest in rank ; but it was not the highest in his esti habits of business, and that he possesses a thorough mation. (Cheers and hisses.) He was willing to ad.

knowledge of local affairs. Mr. Skene has “an vocate the support of that branch of the constitution, but he would never admit that it was higher in the scale of

affection for him,”—the Scotsman has no fault to importance than the representation of the people. Should him whatever, save youth.* But graced with all his honourable friend (Mr. Graham) rise one day to be these gifts, he lacks Whig favour,—and “ is he member of what was thus called the higher branch of

then to be compared with the Attorney-General ?” Parliament, he had no doubt he would fill it with dignity

The Whigs have been in affliction in Edinburgh, and ability; but there was no dignity to be compared with that of representing the people. There might be as well as the Tories. In the first place neither dignity enough in representing one's self, but it was not Mr. Cockburn, Sir James Gibson Graig, nor Sir to be compared with that of representing many thousands Thomas Dick Lauder would come forward and of a constituency:

stand, like true men. It is becoming no joke, in This is a very mitigated form of Toryism. these days, to be a Member of Parliament. The Let the reforming electors of Perthshire hold

alacrity displayed by the small Whig coterie, to their representative to his text, and they shall receive whomever the Treasury might graciously not need to regret having preferred him to the

please to forward by the London mail, properly candidate, powerful when recommended by the

doqueted, or having the password and counterWhigs, but imagined wholly irresistible when

sign, was truly commendable. First, Sir John endowed with place,-preferred him when no Cam Hobhouse was to be the happy man; and, other choice was in their power. Had the exer

for a few days, an angel from heaven was not to cise of the franchise been protected, a third can be compared with this, the first Sir John, in didate would have stood forward; for then op

every requisite necessary to accomplish the best position to the bannered lairds, and banded

of all conceivable representatives for our city. ministerialists, would not have made the attempt

He had the wisdom and spirit to decline the noto gain suffrages utterly hopeless to men whose

mination. This was a damper; but all was sud. only claims are ability and integrity. Since the

denly rectified by this important errata, “ for termination of the election, meetings have been

Sir John Cam Hobhouse” read “Sir John Campheld in different parts of the country, in which bell, Attorney-General ;” and after the words the necessity of ballot to the free and indepen

“ talent, experience, eloquence,” insert “ and a dent exercise of the franchise, is distinctly as

native of Caledonia-born and bred in Scotland !” serted. Something amounting to such an admis

This made all square again, though the Whigs, sion appears in the letter of the disappointed while Sir J. Cam Hobhouse was believed to be candidate to the electors who voted for him ;

the Ministerial favourite, had refused to hear of but there it is employed to give a colouring to a

• We should take Mr. Aytoun to be not very many palpable and mortifying failure. Mr. Graham

years older than the Colonial Secretary, Mr. Stanley. At has lost the county, which Lord Ormelie carried

what age do the Whigs conceive a man ripe for legisla. by an immense majority, because the Whigs tion; or does that period never arrive till he learn to say have since lost the confidence of the people; and aye or no in the proper places.

the Attorney-General. But these are trivial from a rapidity of success which astonishes them. considerations. Such things have ever been, and selves, already see that the day of their deli. for some time longer will be ; and without enter verance draweth nigh. The Church of the State ing farther into the respective merits of the Mi. is in danger ; but in its peril is found the safety nisterial nominee, and the independent, or the of the Church of God. As the dismasted rotten Tory candidate, we would fix attention upon hulk sinks, the true Ark rises above the waters. one point,—the claims of any candidate what. And at this crisis, so memorable in the history ever to the suffrages of those of the electors of of the true and universal Church, comes forEdinburgh who advocate the abolition of Church ward a candidate in Edinburgh, and claims the Patronage, and of those who embrace the vo suffrages of the Dissenting electors, with the luntary principle in religion, after such candi avowal on his lips, that he will oppose the date has, like Sir John Campbell, openly and object which lies nearest their hearts. In explicitly avowed his approbation of the Union this city, which has been for some time in a between Church and State. Among the Edin state of fermentation for Church Reform, -where burgh electors there are many Dissenters, and meetings have been held, and speeches made.--not a few Voluntary Churchmen. To persons and from whence petitions and deputations have conscientiously holding these opinions, it be so recently been sent forth to promote Church comes a matter of deep concernment to ascer Reform,-is an avowed supporter of Establishtain the views of the representative they send to ments to be elected by the aid of the Dissenters? Parliament. The other questions, political, or What qualities, with all his merits, does Sir financial, are of minor importance in their esti John Campbell possess, or what qualities can mation, when compared with “ The Question of any representative possess, which, at this juncQuestions,” the great principle of Church Reform, ture, may counterbalance his opposition in Parand Christian Emancipation. To such .electors liament to the Voluntary principle in religion ? the straightforward course of Sir John Camp Are the Reformers and Dissenters of Edinburgh bell saves a world of trouble, and tears away about to stultify themselves, and shame their every flimsy disguise. He frankly avows him good and prosperous cause, by supporting a canself, like all the other members of the Govern. didate, who not only refuses to go along with ment for which he acts, the champion of Esta them in important secular questions, but also in blishments. He is the fettered official of that that paramount object, the emancipation of ChrisGovernment which has every day been losing tianity, on which so many of them have expressed ground with the great body of Dissenters, from the strongest opinions, and to effect which they its hollowness and shuffling on every question of have bound themselves.

We shall not expaChurch Reform with which it has yet dealt, and tiate on the claims and merits of Mr. Aytoun. from its tenacious, and strenuous support of the The conspicuous part which he acted at all the worst abuses of the ecclesiastical system. The public meetings in Edinburgh, during the strugconduct of the Government with which Sir John gle for the Reform Bill,—his able and patriotic Campbell is connected, and which has sent him conduct as chairman of the Edinburgh Political down to try the utmost limits of the servility of Union, at a time when M'hig Ministers thanked the Whigs of Edinburgh, has marvellously ad unions for their exertions, and, in fact, owed vanced the cause it sought to retard. For that their seats to these powerful bodies,--his ready it is however entitled to scanty thanks.* The co-operation with the Whigs at all their meetDissenters, strong in their union, courageous ings for liberal objects, as long as the Edinburgh

Whigs took part in public meetings at all, can• The resolute conduct of the Deputation sent from not be forgotten. And since his election, by the Glasgow, has stripped off the Whig veil, and shown the Dissenters the exact ground they occupy.

First District of our city, as a member of the

Earl Grey was lately waited upon by Dr. Heugh, the Reverend

Reformed Town Council, Mr. Aytoun's conduct Andrew Marshall, and Mr. James Johnston, the presi

as a councillor, has been such as to raise him to a dent of the meeting at which the memorial they pre- high place in the esteem and regard of his fellowsented was adopted, along with the Glasgow petition, for citizens. He has shown talents for public business, dissevering Church and State, signed by 50,000 persons. When the Memorial was read, Earl Grey at once avow

both in committee, and at the Council Board, of a ed his sentiments. “ Now that the Dissenters took this superior order. Indebate, Mr. Aytoun, after one open ground against the principle of all Church estab year's familiarity with Parliamentary business, lishments, he would conceal nothing from them, but at will not have many superiors in the House. His once avow that he was conscientiously attached to the integrity, and sturdy independence, are uniEstablished Church; and that believing its existence to be intimately connected with the well-being of the State, he versally admitted. Even those who, to please would do all in his power to uphold it.” The Dissenters the Whigs, are preparing to desert their princi. are obliged to the Premier for this frank avowal. But ples on this important occasion, and seem desirous what do false or trimming Church Reformers say to it? of sneering away Mr. Aytoun's pretensions as a. How much more waiting, and moderation, and patience, are to be exercised towards men who have declared as

man of talent and acquirements, by way of a cover strongly against any thing approaching to an effectual

for their own shabby conduct,—even these perChurch Reform as ever did the Duke of Wellington sons always qualify their objections to Mr. Aytoun, against constitutional reform? No Dissenter, no pretended advocate for the disjunction of the unholy union Campbell see their way. They endeavour to return a of Church and State, need longer affect ignorance of the man to Parliament, who, like Earl Grey, will do all in sentiments of the Government, and of every individual his power to uphold the alliance between Church and member of the Government. The supporters of Sir John State, and who tells them so.

But we

by an admission of his indubitable political ho- | Their exertions, their persuasions, every honest nesty. As to his principles we need say nothing. effort they can employ, is at present required, to His declaration is before the world.

send a representative to Parliament, who will would earnestly commend to the attention of all advocate the Voluntary principle. conscientious advocates of religious freedom, in The Tory candidate, Mr. Learmonth is hardly Edinburgh, the following extract of a letter from worthy of notice, though the best man the party the Member for Brighton, Mr. Faithfull: could lay their hands upon. It is understood

“If I had access to the Dissenters of Edinburgh, and that several gentlemen who were applied to by could suppose that the appeal of so humble an individual

the Tory Clique, declined a contest in which would have any effect, I would implore them, in the name of Christianity, to evince their attachment to

there was little honour to be gained, and where truth and justice, by supporting a man who is an advo. discomfiture was probably to be encountered after cate for the dissolution of that anti-christian, pernicious, a world of harassment and odium.

The only and destructive union which has, unfortunately, so long chance for the man of the Tories is division existed between Church and State. But why do I talk of appealing to Dissenters? Is there a Christian in

among the reformers. His political friends are Edinburgh who is not conscious that a Church, inter

believed to be ashamed of Mr. Learmonth: but proven with the State, is an abomination to God, and they must endeavour to carry him through,—"a injurious to man? Sure am I, that every real friend of

poor thing, but mine own.” civil and religious liberty, must be anxious to see the

The vacancy for Leith, created by Mr. Murray pompous and overgrown Establishment of this country put down. So far as the Dissenters are concerned, they being appointed Lord Advocate, occasions no may rely upon it, that they will never get their griev- great interest or anxiety. If not a very active ances redressed, unless they exert themselves to the ut member of Parliament, Mr. Murray has been an most for the purpose of sending to Parliament those who | independent one. He has given some good votes, will advocate the voluntary principle."

and avoided several obnoxious ones. He there. Mr. Faithfull then states how important it fore stands well with his former constituents. would be to the Voluntary cause that the Mem

The opposition of the Tory candidate, Mr. Aitber for Edinburgh voted with him for the eman

chison, who contested Leith with him formerly, cipation of Christianity,

may give some trouble, but creates no alarm to The eyes of Dissenters everywhere are now the friends of the new Lord Advocate. Minisfixed upon the Dissenters of Edinburgh. And it ters are safe there : the Tories hopeless. is not enough that they give their personal votes.

EPAMINONDAS. O CHARIOTEER of heaven's eternal scheme,

With a surpassing beam_his epitaph ! Round whose transcendant thrones the Olympian 'sun, Beneath-Eternity with careful hand With subject beam before the face of Power,

Holds his last grains of dust! they fall and fade, Sublimely passive, like a cloud revolves !

Year after year, and the Great Parent smiles Shower down thy rays on these unlaurelld brows,

To think how from Time's memory thus escapes Far loftier thus endow'd, that I may breathe,

The deeds of virtue-valor-integrity, In fitting verse, Epaminondas' name!

(High placed beyond the bribe of Persia's King,) Saw ye the marble tomb where constant flowers,

And all those noble qualities and powers, Of sense-entrancing fragrance, ever twine

Which are the “saving grace" of this low earth. With the fair sculpture's Parian flowers so cold?

Beneath the bronzy umbrage of an oak, Heard ye, O woodland echoes, and old rocks,

Deep in a sacred grove, silent and wraptThe birds chant hymns above that glorious grave,

The solemn trance and vision, unlock'd only Invisible, like spirits of the light,

By inspiration-in Drymodes' vale, That ever loves to brood and broadly bask

Whose bosom green heaved to the chorded power, l'pon that slab, subduing mortal words

Thus to his dyre Olympiodorus sung.

A CONSULTATION.

- I trust I have the honour of seeing your Ladyship well this morning, and that Lord Casserole has passed a tolerable night ?” minces the fa-hionable apothecary, spruce Mr. Camomile, gliding with well-practised and noiseless steps over the muffled carpet of Lady Casserole's draw. ing-room in Carlton Terrace; casting a significant glance towards the golden pendule on the chimney-piece, to mark that consciousness of being within five-eighths of a second of the minute of his appointment, which he could not presume to express in words.

“ A tolerable night?” cries Lady Casserole, with indignation. " Brown assures me that he did not sleep a wink !-Since that last prescription of Sir Jacob's, he has in fact been going on progressively from bad to worse, --rest

less, nervous, without appetite, and without ease.”

Camomile knit his brows into sympathy, and shook his head, as if it had contained one of his own draughts.

“ In short, unless Sir Jacob Gemini, and Sir Richard Colchicum, can hit upon something new for him this morning, I must begin to think of calling in farther advice.”

“ Your Ladyship doubtless cannot be too assiduous,” insinuates the gentle Camomile, well aware that every change of men necessitating a change of measures, is for the advantage of his annual account -that a sudden transition from Belladonna and leeches, to quinine and pitch plasters, will be at least a couple of guineas in favour of his bill,

« 前へ次へ »