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one or two of them, and with a sudden change of system has proved to be a profitable investment countenance that might shame our best trage of time, we know not; but the notification may, dians, and with a whine the most lamentable through the instrumentality of the press in these that, can assail a benevolent ear, they sue and literary times, convey a hint worth the knowing pursue till he gives an alms, if not for charity to those whom it may concern. at least for riddance sake. These young lumps Can any mind be so perverted as to infer from of mud dried in the sun, however, complain the tenor of these remarks that they are intended much just now of the “ falling off of business" in as a ribald ridicule of human suffering, or of the consequence of the shameful influx of Savoyard god-like grace of human charity ? Hardly. It boys, and their monkeys, of whom Government is against the weak-minded waste of alms we countenances the importation. As professionals would protest, which properly administered might these new claimants to our sympathies cannot, in be indeed a goodly boon, but which dispensed, as truth, approach our native artists. They are they too generally are, among street beggars, can young, wretched, and strangers in a foreign land, but perpetrate a system of roguery, imposture, —and that is a good deal,-but they are passive, vice, and idleness. Such a system, true charity and leave to their monkey kindred the perform- can never countenance-except as being an apance of facial expression. It is not to be expected purtenant to a street sight. that we can enumerate any of even the leading Such are half a dozen out of the million and varieties of the begging art; but we ought not one things that strike a stranger's eye, and chalto omit notice of a novel mode which must be lenge a thinker's cogitations. The theme is a powerful, were it only for numercial strength; fertile and exhaustless one, yet are we compelled namely, begging in gang. We have counted no to stop from its very illimitability. less than fourteen gentlemen, of a row, suitably Ever varying, ever teeming in novelty and attired as artificers “ out of employ,” of course, change as a sight, and as one of the very and by their clean white aprons apparently, if worthiest, we commend to the study of the pleanot carpenters at least joiners, singing away like sure-seeking and reflective, the STREETS of Lonso many pauperized Lablaches. How far the
THE ESTABLISHMENT AND THE DISSENTERS.
The present article is intended to show, not ed the exaction of tithes was an interference with what will hereafter be done, but what is now the higher claims of conscience towards God, doing, a panoramic view of the combat now wag- they have always refused payment of tithes and ing for liberty of conscience; in the bope that it other ecclesiastical demands. In the earlier pemay incite many yet inactive to buckle on their riods of the society, its members were exposed to armour, to rise up and be doing, and like the grievous sufferings and persecutions on this acgood knights of old“ strike ane fayre stroke” in count. Not only were they despoiled of their prothe noble cause of religious independence. perty in a vexatious and ruinous manner, but their
In each of the three kingdoms, the Dissenters persons were seized and immured in dungeons, in have made mighty progress ; so much so, that, the vain and cruel expectation of coercing con. collectively, they far exceed the disciples of the science, and of overcoming principle by persecuEstablished Churches, even whilst the numbers tion. The reasons for the steady resistance made of the latter are swelled by those-unfortunately by the Quakers to the exactions of the priests, too numerous —who, belonging to r.o communion, even when that resistance could only result in are uniformly counted with the adherents of Es- ruin to themselves, are so meekly, yet so forcibly, tablishments.
stated in the petition on this subject, lately preThe increase of the Dissenters furnishes at sented by the Society to the House of Commons, once an irrefragable argument for the abolition that we cannot resist transferring them to our of the Establishment, and the means of carrying pages. the sentence into execution. That which might have been endured, while the recusants were few 1. That we regard the interference of the Civil Governin numbers and low in station, becomes intoler- ment, in matters of religion and private conscience, to be able when the scale of numbers and of intelligence the usurpation of a prerogative which belongs only to has been turned against the priesthood. The for the maintenance of the ministers of religion to have
2. That we consider the setting a part of tithes former submission of the Dissenters may be ex been an unwarrantable return to the provisions of the cused, but its longer continuance would cover Levitical law, and at variance with the nature and charthem, and deservedly, with contempt.
acter of the Gospel. 3. That we believe the ministry of
the Gospel to be free in its nature, according to the com. Strange as it may appear, the first blow, and
mand of our Lord and Saviour to his disciples : “Freeit has been a hard one, struck in the battle of ly ye have received, freely give;" and that the contralaic independence, proceeded from the peaceful vention of this principle has an unfailing tendency to and war-abjuring Quakers. From their quiver convert religion into a trade, and grievously to impede came the arrow which shall yet transfix corrup
the diffusion of vital Christianity.-We also deen the tion. For to them is undoubtedly owing the in- compulsory support of the ministers of any Church, and
of an ecclesiastical system connected therewith, to be opvaluable example of passive resistance to clerical posed to that liberty which the Gospel confers; and when extortion. Conceiving that the law which ordain. claimed from those who conscientiously dissent from that
Church, to be a violation of the common principles of Establishment, provided for out of the pockets justice.
of the parishioners ; but these were charged for The imprisonment of Quakers for non-payment at prices, the exorbitance of which is absolutely of tithes has now long ceased ; and (unless the incredible. It was against these evils that the unfortunate Friend should happen to become a people of Ireland opposed the Quaker-shield of citizen of Edinburgh) is not likely to be soon re passive resistance. The battle has been long ; sumed ; but the forcible seizure of their effects although the combatants were fearfully unequal. has all along continued, and incontestibly sug On one side were arrayed the Government, the gested to the gigantic mind of O'Connell, that Clergy, and the Landlords, backed by thousands daring plan by which, after centuries of a bon.
of armed police, and tens of thousands of soldiers. dage, during which apathy and frenzy mourn On the other, stood the peasant, strong in poverfully alternated, Ireland is about to become free, ty, formidable from desperation. Nor was the and the Catholic to be uplifted into the rights of battle lost for want of due exertion. British sol. citizenship.
diers, the conquerors of Napoleon, were unscru1.-In Ireland, the injustice of the Establish- pulously marched for days, to escort the pounded ment is monstrous, indefensible, undefended,-a
cow or pig to a place of safe and distant sale ; sink of iniquity so foul, that beside it, the impuri- while the meaner myrmidons of the police, were ties of the sister establishments of England and multiplied like locusts, for the sole purpose of of Scotland, appear comparatively pure. In Ire- gathering in the clerical harvest. Even the landland, the nuisance had become intolerable. In lords lent their powerful assistance to the Church, Ireland, began the attempt at its abatement. and, in some instances, actually swindled their With the efforts of O'Connell and the Catholics, tenants into payment of church-rate, by giving to obtain the right of admission to the benefits over to the parsons part of the monies which of the Constitution, we have little here to do. had been paid to them as rent, and coolly telling Great and important in its effects as the Roman their tenants they should be credited for the baCatholic relief bill undoubtedly was, it virtually lance. Last of all came the coercion bill, that left the question of Establishments untouched ; dreadful measure, which at once shook the Whigs although it may have incidentally accelerated the from the hold they possessed on the feelings of strife, by raising the sufferers from the degrading the British people; and which was, undoubtedly, state of political slavery in which they had long employed to a limited extent, in enforcing the languished. It is the war of church rates, the payment of tithes. Yet what has been the result ? battle of tithes, that we would here describe ; dur. Vestry cess has been abolished in Ireland. The ing which the feeling mother often looked clergy must now pay out of their own pockets, On her sad offspring-famished_dying,
for the surplices which they seldom wear, and While Christian priests, with military aid, the bibles which they do not read. Even tithes Drove the last heifer from the little farm,
are virtually abolished in Ireland. With all the To pay a tithe for a religion
aid of bayonets and batons, mounted dragoons, Which they ne'er taught.
and patrolling policemen, the whole sum which On the oppressive exaction of tithes from the the Government has been able to collect for the people of Ireland, we have already expatiated, Church, amounts to L.12,000 ; and this has been in the earlier numbers of this Magazine. Church abstracted from the people, at a direct and acrate, though less extensive in its operation, is knowledged expense of L.28,000, or more than an exaction which, when levied from Dissenters, twice the amount of the sum collected. What is quite as vexatious and equally unjust. Ori the real cost of gathering in this pittance, truly ginally the tithes of a parish were divided into is, cannot be exactly ascertained; but, as it infour parts, of which the first was dedicated to cludes the expense of keeping up an army of the support of the edifice of the Church ; the se
30,000 men, some faint idea may be formed on cond, to support the poor ; the third, the Bishop; the subject. The chance of recovering the arand the fourth, the parochial clergy. After the rears from the Irish peasantry, is so utterly hope. Sees had been endowed with their present mag- less that the idea has been given up; which, nificent provisions, this order was, in some mea when we recollect the pertinacity with which Gosure, changed ; the Bishop's share being divided vernments persevere in squeezing, demonstrates among the other three. Nowadays, however, the that the sponge cannot be made to yield one whole goes to the parson. The poor-rates sup other drop of moisture. The vessel of the Irish ply the poor ; while the repair of the edifice, and church is evidently foundering. The rubbish all and every expense connected with divine wor which the Ministry have lately thrown overboard, ship and the celebration of the sacrament, are is not enough to lighten the ship. She is waterpaid for by the parishioners, who are annually as. logged and fast sinking. May the misery of Iresessed by the vestry for the amount. In Ireland land be buried with her for ever and ever ! the tax is called vestry cess; in England it is II.-While such efforts, followed up by such better known by the name of church-rate. In success, were made in Ireland, what line of conboth countries, Ireland particularly, the most duct might have been expected from the clergy of shameful extravagance has been practised in this England, the possessors of a property held by a matter, with perfect impunity. Not only was tenure so very fragile? Cautious and prudent everything, that the imagination of avarice could circumspection--an anxious avoidance of all disfancy in any way connected with the Church cussion, either as to the nature or extent of cle
rical property,—a slackening of the rein—a show of the inhabitants; the first species being usually of forbearance—a temporary disavowal of rapa called predial, as of corn, grass, hops, and wood ; city. What has been their actual conduct? Pre the second mixed, as of wool, milk, pigs, &c. concisely the reverse. In the words of the Era- sisting of natural products, but nurtured and preminer, they are literally “ worrying the land served in part by the care of man; and of these, like a beast of prey.” They have manifested the tenth must be paid in gross; the third pera most insane desire to augment the burden al-sonal, as of manual occupations, trades, fisheries, ready hateful to men's hearts, and appear deter
and the like, and of these only the tenth part of mined to leave the nation no rag of an excuse the clear gains and profits is due. But personal not even that of ignorance-for future submission tithes are only payable by a special custom, and to their rapacity. Within the last eight months, perhaps are now paid nowhere in England, except many thousand suits have been instituted in Chan for fish caught in the sea, and corn mills."* cery, for the exaction of tithes, and those of the This universality of exaction has, however, been most obsolete, contemptible, and yet oppressive in some cases curtailed by immemorial usage, and, kind. These are not confined to any one county, in others, by the nature of the tenure of the land, or even district of England. They cover the as having belonged anciently to monastic institubreadth of the land. From east to west, from tions paying no tithe. In some parishes a pecunorth to south, from Yarmouth to St. David's, niary compensation has been, from time immeCarlisle to Cornwall, nothing is heard but out morial, accepted in lieu of tithe,-as a shilling cries against clerical rapacity, and exhortations per acre for the tithe of land, tenpence a score to firmness,-and exclamations of disgust and de for the tithe of lambs, &c. In other places, fiance. Almost every parish in England is at war tithe has been commuted for labour to be done with its pastor; and, in several, many hundred to the parson; and in others, fora smaller quantity suits have been instituted. Thus, in the parish of a superior article, as two fowls in lieu of the of Abbey Holm, in Westmoreland, alone, upwards tithe on eggs, &c. This custom of taking less of three hundred Exchequer processes have been than the actual tenth of the titheable subject is instituted ; in the parish of Leyland, in the coun commonly called, in England, a modus. To renty of Lancaster, 488; and many more in the pa der it valid, it must have existed uniformly from rish of Guiselep; hundreds also have been brought time immemorial, which, by the law of England, in the parish of Kendal, where the sums claimed is held to have terminated at the accession of by the Rector would form an addition of L.10,000 Richard I., in the year 1189. A year or two ago, a-year to his reverence's income! In the parish Lord Tenterden,-seeing no good reason why the of Standish, the reverend William Green Orret, law of prescription, which, in the rights of laics, has cited 362 of his parishioners; and the Rector extends only to sixty years, should, in the matter of Eccleston, 245. In the county of Lancaster of tithes, stretch out to the exorbitant term of alone, the number amounts to 1,319. In the com six hundred and fifty-introduced a bill for renparatively small county of Glamorgan, matters dering all moduses effectual, which could be prov. are still worse, for there thousands of suits have ed to have existed uniformly for the term of thirty been raised. The expense of these has been esti years. The bill was passed ; but not until, under mated by the present Solicitor-General for Eng. the malign influence of Lord Wynford, the comland—who must certainly be allowed to be a com mencement of its operation had been deferred unpetent judge—at only Two MILLIONS OF Pounds til twelve months after that session of Parliament. STERLING!! Nor is it the numbers of these eccle This was done for the purpose of enabling the siastical demands alone, which is now causing the clergy to defeat its beneficial tendency altogether Church Establishment to stink in the nostrils of by raising actions for the payment of all tithes of the people of England. They are of the most which a uniform modus, ever since the year 1189, vexatious, contemptible, and disgusting character. could not be legally made out. Of this permission Our Scottish readers, uncursed by the visitation these true sons of Becket have availed them. of the tithe-proctor, may probably not be aware selves to an extent which must have astonished of the multitudinous demands made upon the poc even Lord Wynford. Myriads of suits are springkets of English laymen. To enumerate the tithe- ing up in England; not as might, at first view, be able articles, would be to draw up an inventory, imagined, for the purpose of recovering arrears of not only of all that moves, and breathes, and has tithes acknowledged to be due, but for the purpose its being from the soil of the earth, or the wa of increasing their yearly amount; not to enforce ters under the earth; but of all the inanimate sub the burden under which the people of England stances which in any way contribute to the sus. have groaned for the last thirty years, but, if postentation of human life. The beast of the earth, sible, to increase it tenfold. Thus the income and the fowl of the air, the fish of the sea, and
of the vicar of Kendal, should he prove success. the herb of the field, are all liable to decimation ; ful in his tithe claims, would be increased to nearly all contribute their component parts of the price L.10,000 a-year. In some places, tithes are now of those glad tidings of great joy, the Divine demanded for green crops, which were never Proclaimer of which, had not where to lay his dreamt of before ; and in Glamorganshire this head! According to Blackstone, tithes are de- | has been attempted to be extended to the produce fined to be the tenth part of the increase year. of coppice-woods, of which, as immense quantities ly arising and renewing from the profits of lands, the stock upon lands, and the personal industry * Blackstone, P. II. C. iii. p. 24. Edit. 1794.
are consumed in the great manufactories of iron, that the battle should be fought with these cora tenth would amount to a very considerable sum. morants, now when the blood is up? In the valley of Neath, in Wales, where hundreds Some of the newly got-up claims are so pitiful, of processes have been served, the vicar is at that, did they not afford incontestible evidence tempting to set aside a modus which was held to of this widely ramified conspiracy against the be good during the reign of William III., and pockets of the laity, they might only awaken a which has never since been disputed ; and also contemptuous smile. Thus the Dean and Chapto subject to tithe, land, which being attached ter of Ripon, not content with tithing cow and to the ancient Abbey there, is not liable to tithe, calf, have brought processes against the inhabior, at all events, has not paid it since the Re.. tants of the small town of Grantly for tithe of formation. The case of Mr. Isaac Redmond, milk. “ Several poor persons," (we quote from at Caewern, which is only one out of thousands the York Courant,) “ have had as high as five that might be instanced of a similar nature, is shillings demanded from them for this tithe ; and peculiarly illustrative of the disinterested charac the affair has created such a sensation at Ripon, ter of the clergy. We quote it as given by Mr. that the very walls are chalked with, · Take Redmond himself, in the Cambrian of Tuesday, the Dean milk,' · The Dean wants milk, &c. 6th September last :
Again, we learn from the Carlisle Patriot, that A few words on my own particular case. I occupy a
“ The rector of Egremont, the Rev. A. Scott, small farm in the neighbourhood of Neath, that having sometime ago laid claim to tithe of pigs, in the been attached to the Old Abbey, has ever been considered tithe-free. I have endeavoured to exhibit to my country
parish of Beckermet, because they had been far. men the advantages of high cultivation, and in the cul
rowed by sows belonging to persons residing in ture of my little farm have adopted the principle of spade
his parish. The claim was resisted ; and the par. husbandry. The land, when I took it, was wet, poor, and son having consulted his oracles, has been obligunproductive; I have manured it, drained it, and dug it ed to forego his claim—to the great joy of all the to the depth of two feet and upwards. For the correctness of these particulars I may appeal to the Vicar himselt; | pigs, even to the third and fourth generation, is
pigs in the parish.” This endeavour to tithe he has seen my improvements, visited my farm, and often expressed his admiration of my enterprising spirit in giving
all but equalled by an attempt lately made to employment so many of our labouring poor. Mine is extort tithe from turnip eaten by sheep, without only one instance out of more than a hundred in this pa being removed from the soil! the said sheep rish.
consumers being, of course, tithed at the same Here is a worthy successor of the man of Tarsus, time! Shame! shame! who wrought with his own hands rather than be In any country but England, the following burdensome to the flock ! “ We seek not yours,
lines would be inapplicable and absurd ; in that but you," says the apostle. This text must be priest-ridden land, their point is universally felt: misprinted in the bible of the Vicar of Cadoxton.
TITHING MOONSHINE. It is not “them,” but “ theirs,” which he de. mands from his parishioners. The proceedings
Oh moon, thou art shining fair and bright,
O'er all our parish by tithes oppressed : against the tenants in the parish of Ilolme Cal
Were our vicar's eyes to’see thy light, tram, afford a farther manifestation of the same
Not long in quiet he'd let thee rest. spirit. This parish formed part and parcel of To a tenth of thy light he'd lay a claim, the great Cistertian Monastery of that name, By “ right divine” or by statute law; founded by Henry, Earl of Iluntingdon, and mag
And if thou wouldst not admit the same, nificently endlowed by the mistaken piety of Da
On thee a Chancery writ he'd draw. vid I., Malcolm IV., and William the Lion. At And then thou’dst have to search and try the dissolution of the greater monasteries by
If thou hast always continued to shine
Without claim of tithe since the fourth of July, Henry VIJI., a report was given into the audi.
One thousand one hundred and eigbty-nine. tor's office of the tithe of meal, barley, and oats,
All must regard as a lunatic scheme, which had been received by the monastery; and The idea of tithing moonshine in kind; in founding the present rectory, the same tithe But just as mad the man must seem was granted in endowment. This living was af..
Who to the signs of the times is blind. terwards granted by Queen Mary to the Univer He who batters a building that's ready to fall, sity of Oxford. Various attempts were shortly
And tears off the ivy that o'er it is spread, afterwards made to disturb the existing modus,
May think, if he likes, he'll dig gold from the wall,
But he stands a fair chance of a broken head. but they were all unsuccessful; and for MORE THAN TWO HUNDRED YEARS, no other or higher All these instances, however, disgraceful as claim has been made. Now, however, nearly they are, relate to attacks on property of some three hundred of the parishioners have been serv kind or other. But your true churchman scorns ed with writs, the object of which is to destroy to be confined in his demands by this distinction. the ancient modus, and to subject them in pay Ex nihilo nihil fit is a brocard which he at once ment of tithes for all corn, grain, hay, pulse, tur- despises and shows to be erroneous. There is a nips, potatoes, or other green crops, not only for limit beneath which even the tax-gatlierer consi. the present, but for six preceding years! Is the ders it ungenerous and unsafe to descend ; but bare recital of such a transaction not sufficient there are churchmen who have no such comto excite universal indignation; and was not the punction, and who can seek and find their prey honest yeoman of the district, thus wantonly op even amongst the lowest depths of poverty. We pressed, justified, when he expressed his wish, find Blackstone, in the innocence of his heart,
“ These are,
forty years ago, imagining that no personal tithe | feelings of the Reverend Francis Lundy of was then exacted in England. We have improv-Lockington ? The following document will tes ed in that respect since his day. Personal tithes tify:are now exacted from the labouring peasant, as “ East Riding of the County of York. well as from the laboured earth. It is not enough “ To all Constables in the said Riding, and especially to that t! e priest gets the tenth sheaf, and the tenth the Constable of the Township of Lockington, in the lamlı, the tenth turnip, and the tenth potato,
said Riding, and to the Keeper of the House of Correc
tion at Beverley. the very labour which produced them must yield so much of its sweat to the coffers of the church.
his Majesty's name, to command you,
the said Constable of Lockington, forth with, to convey All our readers are doubtless aware of the famous
and deliver into the custody of the said keeper, the body case of Jeremiah Dodsworth,--for has not Britain, of Jeremiah Dodsworth, of Lockington, servant in hus. we may say Europe, rang from side to side with its bandry, convicted before me, one of his Majesty's Justices details? It is, however, necessary to the complet.
of the Peace for the said Riding, upon the oath of Peter
Roantre, constable of Lockington, that the said Jeremiah ing of the picture of the times, that it should be
Dodsworth having refused to pay his tithes, offerings, ob. here repeated and preserved ad futuram rei me. lations, and adventions, due to the Rev. Francis Lundy, moriam ; not because, as we shall presently find, Rector of Lockington, the amount of which is 4s. 4d., it is by any means unique of its kind, but because and also 2s. 8d., for the recovery of the said tithes, being authenticated beyond the reach of cavil,
obventions, offerings, and oblations, due to the said Rev.
Francis Lundy ; and, whereas a distress warrant was the facts are past disputing. On the 17th Octo
issued upon the goods and chattels of the said Jeremiah ber, 1832, the following application is made by Dodsworth, and the said Peter Roantre having sworn the Rev. Francis Lundy, Rector of Lockington,
that no distress could be found on the goods of the said in the East Riding of the county of York:
Jeremiah Dodsworth, and the expenses of the said dis
tress amounting to 58., together with this warrant of " To Robert Wylie, Esq., and John Blanchard, Clerk, commitment. And you, the said keeper, are hereby
two of his Majesty's Justices of the Peace in and for required to receive the said Jeremiah Dodsworth into the East Riding of the County of York.
your said custody, and him safely there to keep, for the “ John Hudson, in behalf of the Rev. Francis Lundy,
pace of three calendar months; and for your so doing, Clerk, Rector of Lockington, in the said Riding, humbly
this shall be to you, and every of you, a sufficient warrant. complaineth—that the said complainant did, in behalf of Given under my hand and seal, this 22d of December, the said Rev. Francis Lundy, by the space of 20 days and
in the year of our Lord, 1832. upwards, before the date hereof, demand of each of the
“ John BLANCHARD." persons hereafter named, servants in husbandry, in the
A poor labourer, whose wages, on the showing parish of Lockington : that is to say
Sums of his assessor, averaged barely 5s. a-week,
Wages. demanded. Jeremiah Dodsworth, for last year, £13
sent to jail for three months, because, ont of this Ditto, this year, hired weekly, 15 0 5 0
miserable pittance, he had been unable to scrape Wm. Hall,
10 10 0 0 6 the tribute due by the law of man to the Minis. Harrison Moment,
0 ter of Religion ! No wonder that the press was Henry Blakeston,
15 0 0 5 0
unanimous in its execration,-execrable would it Wm. Foster,
have been had it not. The Standard, however, George Femby,
6 0 2 0 John Hall, half a year,
10 10 0 3 0 endeavoured to extract a miserable consolation John Milliner,
from the affair, by representing it as a solitary Matthew Blakeston,
8 8 0 02
instance of priestly villany; falsely arguing, that Carling Risim,
16 0 0 John Dodsworth,
15 0 0
as no other clergyman had been publicly com
5 0 Wm. Fallowfield, miller's servant, 18 00
0 6 • plained of, no other had been guilty of the same Robert Braithwaite, ditto, promised
brutality. This is, however, far from being the to compound, but now refuseth, 15 0 0 0 5 0 case ; personal tithes are enforced in many parts Being tithes, offerings, oblations, and obventions of four of England. We extract the following parapence in the pound of the amount of their wages, justly graph from the Sheffield Iris of the 6th August become due, within two years now last past, from each of the persons above named, unto the said Rev. Francis
At the Rochdale Petty Sessions last week, Robert Swal. Lundy; and that the said persons, severally, upon the
well and John Pearson, sen., and John Pearson, jun., of said demand, did refuse to pay and compound for, and have not yet paid nor compounded for the same, nor any
Middleton, were summoned for refusing to pay five-pence part thereof. The said complainant, therefore, prayeth
each for Easter offerings, to the Rector of that parish. such redress in the premises as to you shall seem meet,
After hearing the case, the magistrates ordered them to and to the law doth appertain.
pay 5d. each for vicarial dues, and 10s. each for expenses !
Swalwell and the senior Pearson paid immediately, to “ Signed this 27th day of October, 1832.
“ Joux Hudson.
avert worse consequences ; but the younger Pearson de
clared that he was unable to pay, on which a warrant of « Robert Wylie,
distress was issued against his furniture, and the cons“ John Blanchard,”
table: proceeded on Wednesday to execute it; but on find. Jeremiah Dodsworth, who heads the foregoing ing the destitute situation of the poor parishioner, the
warrant was withdrawn. list of victims, being unable to pay the Peter'spence demanded by the rector, a distress warrant
The following, extracted from a recent news. for seizing and selling any bed, chair, or table,
paper, demonstrates the continuance of the disof which the recusant might happen to stand pos- graceful practice :
EASTER OFFERINGS.-On Wednesday week the house sessed, was immediately granted by the Justices.
of a poor man of the name of Pearson, of Middleton, near But Jeremiah was too poor even for that. He had
Manchester, was stripped of all his furniture, consisting literally nothing to distrain! What effect had
of an old table, two chairs, two mugs, and a number of the representation of his utter poverty on the other small articles of crockery, to satisfy a claim of 5d.,