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to the poor. The supporters of Grandmother Church are citement and employment ?

It would be un. the enemies of all change. They claim the same in fal reasonable to entertain such expectations." He libility to the church as the Roman Catholics for the

contends that the legislature ought to provide pope; and ascribe all the blame, all the national iniquity and offence against God, not to the rich and the learned,

some relaxation for all, instead of leaving it to but to the poor and the ignorant, to whom alone they | individual caprice, or the necessitous choice of raise the call of repentance; whilst the poor re-echo the poverty, which only resorts to low brutality compliment, and call upon their spiritual and temporal

and drunkeness, because this is the only kind of rulers to turn froin their evil deeds. It is wasting words

excitement which comes within its reach.” He to attempt to show that the power of repentance lies with the rich alone, for they only have the means—they alone argues that three-fourths of the debauchery of can make a sacrifice ; the poor have no sacrifice to make. the common people might certainly be eradicatIt would be an equal waste of words and time to attempt ed, if, “instead of spending the national reto prove, what has been demonstrated a thousand times,

sources in pampering the pensioned sons and that their conduct has been all along condemned by their professions, and by the sacred book which they denominate

daughters of the aristocracy, we were to employ the standard of right and wrong. It were useless to prove that sum in providing diversions for the people, that their riches, their pride, theirhaughty demeanour and and the wasted revenues of the soi-disant great distance from the poor are merely a piece of infamous bur

spiritual mother, in furnishing them with populesque upon religion ; that their magisterial prosecutions,

lar scientific instruction, &c.” their state religions, their fines, and their prisons, to keep their opponents in awe, are in direct hostility to the spirit

The above is only a fair general specimen of of their Master, whose kingdom is not of this world. All the intellectual character of the Crisis; and if it this has been done again and again ; but their riches and be not calculated “ to unite all hearts," we conpolitical power have screened them from all the offensive

sider that it makes good our previous position as weapons of reason and truth ; and, as money can purchase justice at the bar, so they, by their political ascendency,

to the superior kind of writing which appears in have purchased a verdict of acquittal for themselves, and

some of the Unstamped. Whatever may be said are regarded as the representatives of Christ and his holy of Mr. Owen’s parallelograns, and however he Evangel—the patterns for others to follow the beaux

may be ridiculed as a visionary, by those who do ideal of moral worth.

not understand anything of his system, it is a If these men and their morals are the patterns of

fact that he has done more—and with success virtue, then the beauties and the excellencies of virtue have been sadly overrated ; there are few redeeming —to promote intelligence among the working qualities in her; she is neither just nor generous, classes, than any man of his time, or of any prefishness is her prevailing character ; she is both a mono.

ceding time. The Crisis had, at one period, a polist, a sectarian, and a persecutor ; and it might make

circulation of 15,000 in the week ; but in consea subject for very tough discussion, whether the drunkard or the respectable moralist and legislator of the day is the

quence of Mr, Owen withdrawing himself from most ruinous and obnoxious character. The one is the the editorship to pursue other labours, and from parent, the other the offspring. The legislator and mo various causes, it has gradually fallen, and is now ralist devises laws of inequality, which harass one porion of the community to aggrandize another. These

at a very low ebb. We will make one more exlaws degrade the poor; they reduce them to extreme

tract from another number, (as the paper is not wretchedness, and keep them in extreme ignorance; and

unlikely ere long to cease entirely,) wherein the in this state of mental degeneracy they abandon them writer has the moral courage to stand forth as selves to the guidance of depraved sensual propensities. the advocate and admirer of physical cowardice ! How can it be otherwise ? Man is an active being, a

Had he not possessed courage of both kinds, he creature of strong passions, fond of everlasting excitement; and it ought to be the study of every legislator to

could never have " afforded it :"regnlate that excitement, by presenting temptations of a

In our old world, courage, that is, martial courage, has moral and refining character. It is not by penal enact.

generally been reckoned a virtue of a very 'high order ; ments that the evil can be subdued. It is not by threats

but be it a virtue or be it a vice, it has been a mighty and stripes, by prisons, or by fines, that a moral charac.

tyrant from time immemorial. A meek and gentle dis. ter can be purified. The passions of men are as elastic

position is more to be commended for its good effects, if es the air we breathe, and equally subversive of the

not more splendid in its outward appearance. Martial stability of all human institutions, if confined by force

courage has been the bane of human society; it has been within too narrow a sphere of action. The air which is

the prime mover by which armies were conducted, and confined in the bowels of the earth, must somewhere find

tyrants waded through blood to lordly dominion over a vent; and in working it way out of its place of con

their own species ; and the mildest and the most inne. finement it shakes the solid surface of the ground, tears

cent of men were always sure to be trodden under foot, up the strata of rocks beneath, and bursts asunder the

because they made the least resistance. ! everlasting mountains.

What men in general call timidity or cowardice, is, in The lecturer proceeds to show that it is the my own opinion, as much of a virtue as a vice. A man is same with the active spirit of man, which neces

called a coward, and branded with the name, if he refuses sarily must be under frequent excitement. A

to accept the challenge of a madman or a fool who wishes

to have a shot at him; and many a poor fellow forces dull routine is unbearable to every one ; and

himself, with trembling knees, to stand the fire, merely even our legislators themselves must have their to save his character. Another is called a courageous recess, from the labours of law-making, at Christ fellow who clears a five-barred gate, or a hedge and ditch, mas and Easter. They have also their great

and outstrips his companions in the hunt:- these are pro

bably mere fools : wbilst there are thousands of indussummer vacation. “Besides all their other pri

trious mechanics and literary men who have scarcely couvate retreats," they can spend their evenings at

rage to mount a horse, or who would catch the mame or social dinners, theatres, clubs, public assemblies, grasp the animal round the throat in a fright as soon as &c., and thus break the monotony of business, it began to trot. These may be called cowards by a and regain the elasticity of the mind,

- Can jockey; but they are patient, industrious men ; and if they

would make worse soldiers, they make better producers, these men expect the poor to enjoy life, or even

and will save as many lives as the other will kill. There to spend life, without some similar variety of ex is more virtue in cowardice than it gets credit for; and

the cowardice of a soldier is frequently the courage and varied by articles of singular ability. The fol. perseverance of a producer. Good soldiers are bad pro- lowing is taken from an account of the grand ducers, and good producers are bad soldiers. Taking this view of the subject, martial cowardice is a virtue, it is procession of the Trades' Unions, to petition the merely a peaceful disposition ; and it is to bere gretted that

King in favour of the six industrous men who there is not more of it in society.

were so cruelly transported :The words “ martial cowardice" must have Last Monday was a day in Britain's history which rather a comic effect on the ears of all those who

long will be remembered ; for Labour put its hat

upon its head, and walked towards the throne. La are of the old world. These extracts are made

bour has been a thing of late which politicians thought from an argument in favour of vegetable diet. possessed no soul; a thing of nerves and muscle-withThe writer, however, advises the people not to out morality, and void of intellect. But wherefore did leave off animal food at present; and the reason

its footsteps shake the judgment seat,--and why did he gives, though there may be truth in it, is very

warriors put their buck lers on, awaiting its approach ?

Its heavy tread made statesmen tremble; and as it shook amusing. He says it causes a diminution of the

its locks, ferocious scribes grew tremulous. * tithes. The more animal food that is consumed We will now select an extract of a different in this country, the worse for the state clergy ;

tone and quality. It is from an article headed for if, on the contrary, the people all took to a “ On the Pretended Ignorance of the Working vegetable diet, - it would force a vast quantity Classes." of land into tillage, which is now lying in grass

First, as to our ignorance and incapacity. Those who for fear of the tithe.” Without gainsaying the wish us to be blind, who have done, and still do, all they probable consequences, to all parties, of the peo can to put out our mental eyesight, are, it must be al. ple going to grass, and learning to ruminate, our

lowed, extremely kind. In the old-fashioned mills, where risible faculties are yet more excited by having blinded, to prevent the poor animals becoming giddy, and

horses were used, they were frequently bandaged or just ascertained that the writer of the article is

because in that state, as I have been told, they would himself a clergyman, and a Master of Arts. He work harder. Our task-masters, upon the same princi. goes on to illustrate his subject from history, ple, bliud us as much as they can; and when they find and reminds us that the Romans were very fond of

that they cannot altogether put out our eyes, they endearats, rearing them for the table as we rear poultry,

vour to persuade us either that we cannot see, or that we

are giddy and deluded. Kind and considerate souls ! how but always feeding them upon vegetables, which

much we are obliged to them! They lay a heavy tax makes their Aesh nice and tender ; that Hip upon the windows of intellect ; they do all they can to pocrates mentions dogs, and even foxes, as very

cover every pane of mental glass with obscure and disfit for culinary purposes, providing they were

torted figures, like the chalk and water dauberies in the

kitchen windows at the west end of London, and then previously made ready for the knife by a course

they tell us we are too blind to manage our own conof vegetables; that lion's flesh was eaten at cerns, while we must be thankful to them for managing Algiers, and Dr. Shaw found its taste similar to our affairs for us. Under this pretence, they rob us, and veal; that the Jews, who were a disobedient

almost work us to death ; and yet these are persons who people, were very much addicted, in spite of

really mean well to us, crying out, Ah, this is but too

true! the majority of the people are not sufficiently in. the prohibition, to eating mice; and that “ the

structed to be entrusted with power : we must illuminate prophet Isaiah reproaches them for going behind their minds, before we can venture to advocate their elethe trees in the garden, and eating the mouse in

vation in the scale of society ! secret!" If we must eat animal food, he

Brethren, there is an immensity of benefit in what is

argues that it is a superstitious prejudice not to ex

cailed education ; but do not suffer yourselves to be tricked

and bamboozled out of your rights, under the notion tend our carniverous patronage to dogs, horses, that you must have education, before you are fit to have cats, rats, mice, and many more animals justice. Education is a very good thing: but men and than we do at present, which would be attended children must live as well as learn; besides, there is such with far less expense in obtaining,—premising

a thing as education without knowledge, and there is

also such a thing as knowledge without education ; and always that they are to be reared upon a veget of these two things the last is much better than the able diet. All this is very well for China ; but first. Perhaps, after all that can be done in the busiwe have not only a religious prejudice against eating such things——(vermin and insects included)—

* The writer is evidently unaware that nearly the whole of

his article is an irregular blank verse. We will put the first we have also a national prejudice ; and either of paragraph into form, and without altering, transposing, or these would be found unconquerable by any ar

omitting a word:-guments.*

Last Monday was a day in Britain's history

Which long will be remembered ; We now come to The Pioneer, or Grand Na. For Labour put its hat upon its head, tional Consolidated Trades' Union Magazine.

And walked towards the throne! Labour has been We here find, occasionally, the same violence of

A thing, of late, which politicians thought

Possessed no soul; a thing of nerves and muscle,– language as in the Poor Man's Guardian; but Without morality, and void of intellect ! differing in style, more definite of purpose, and But wherefore did its footsteps shake

The judgment-seat,—and why did warriors put A friend of ours, who was attached to one of the Their bucklers on, awaiting its approach ? embassies to CI gave us an account, some time since, Its heavy tread made statesmen tremble; of the “ rich gusto” of these singular people in their

And as it shook its locks, ferocious scribes made-dishes. We shall never forget it.

Four guests

Grew tremulous! Law held its jaws aghast,

And showed its teeth, but offered not to bite! were placed at each table, with a Mandarin as president and interpreter. “ That,” said the Mandarin, observing

Doubt, wonder, and suspense, made many hearts

Uneasy; and far and near an anxious people their doubting looks, " is a fricasseed mole ; this is a dish

Awaited the result. of stewed worms; those are fried locusts."

The sun cast down its eyelids for an hour, what is that?" “ That,” replied the courteous Manda

While labour gather'd up its strength,-then look'd rin, " is a bird's nest, accounted a great delicacy.”

Upon its majesty in full magnificence, &c,

* And pray

ness of education, the common sense of mankind will re upon their perception, their common-sense, and the rights main pretty nearly at the same level.

There are many

which they acquired and exercised with unsbaken firm. learned men who are very great fools, and there are men ness, and with much discretion. They took every advan. who do not know “ a B from a bull's-foot," and yet are tage of the expensive ambition of Edward I., and Edward very sensible and intelligent members of society. All III. At every demand of the sovereign they strengthened useful knowledge consists in the acquirement of ideas the foundation of that power of property which it was concerning our condition in life ; and there are few men long the fashion to call liberty; though to you who com. of common observation who do not get into their minds, pose the great productive power, in which that power of whether they can read and write or not, the ideas that property had its birth, it has been, indeed, the very reare most serviceable to them. The position of a man in verse of liberty. But they, the barons and the wealthy society, with its obligations and interests, forces ideas commons, who, under a nominal monarchy, actually upon him which all the theory of education would not ruled the land, had their wants also; and your forehave impressed upon him as long as he was not called fathers, your untaught, brutalized, enslaved forefathers, upon practically to make use of them.

had sense enough to rise from the state of serfs, Let the Government open its eyes to this, and from the state of feudal bondage, of hereditary labour, make the rational deductions. When the work

fixed and bound to land on which they had their birth,

by means of the wants of their enslavers_into a more liing classes are addressed in this strain, and when

beral condition; and they attained the right, not previwe know they pay the deepest attention to it, ously known generally, or even extensively, to any part let the Government draw the right conclusions, of the globe, of selling their labour by the year, the and have foresight enough to hasten the process

month, or the day, to any master or employer they might of Reformation, before the work is taken out of gradually, in a condition the most humiliating, and un

choose. Talk of ignorance, indeed! They effected this its hands.

der circumstances more oppressive, than you, under the It is thus that those who have no political rights never most abject of your distresses, can possibly conceive ! think of the manner in which such rights may be ren But, good Heaven ! this is not to be the term in the career dered beneficial to themselves, their families, and their of the emancipation of the great productive power of la. neighbours. But, bestow on them those rights, and there bour. They advanced themselves and you, their descendis no doubt but they will soon learn how to turn them auts, one degree in the scale of society; but it is for you, to account. Where a man must do nothing but labour by their example, and with far greater advantages, to ad. hard and long, with very short intervals of rest and re vance yourselves and your immediate posterity the next laxation, it is useless to pretend to implant upon his degree. mind ideas that belong to a different condition of life;

We shall leave everybody to make their own and it is the very height of cruelty to say that his condi. tion shall not be improved until his ideas are more

comments.on the above. Its matter, the source numerous and more enlarged. Alter his position; con

whence it emanates, and the class to whom it is nect him, not merely in practical labour, but in practical addressed, who read these papers with avidity rights and duties, with his fellow-men, and you will be and faith, are worthy of deep consideration. The apt to wonder at the ease with which he will adapt him,

effects they will eventually produce are maniself to his new situation. Upon an average, brethren, in our class of society, measured or weighed with equal

fest from what we know already. numbers in the other classes, we are as good husbands,

The style of the “ leaders" of The Pioneer is as good fathers, as good neighbours, as other men. Wé generally that of a military despatch, and they have our follies and our vices, and so have they. They are calculated to excite the habitual readers to have more opportunities of concealinent than we have;

the utmost. The following is a fair specimen :they have cloaks for their shame, which we cannot afford. They have more of the decencies of life, but we have quite BROTHERS !—Make ready, now, for active warfare ! as much of the virtues. Our indulgences are short, and The masters are in league with one another, and form a they are, therefore, apt to be violent; and, as we too hireling band, hallooed on by the rich to crush the poor. often want the art and means to disguise the consequences This hostile union, though a present evil, will work a of them, they shock the delicacy and hypocrisy of those future good; the knaves are far too selfish to fight the who call themselves our betters. There are some among battles of the money-changers with empty pockets for any these betters of ours, who will not hesitate to class the length of time; and, when they bring their arbitrary common thieves and harlots along with us, brethren, as heads together, their polished skulls may knock against making a part of what they are pleased to term the “ lower each other, and strike a spark of truth out. Discussion orders.” Let them look to themselveszlet them look to sobers down men's minds, and makes them less Quix. the gamblers and the swindlers, the demireps and the

otic in their enterprises. prostitutes, the intrigues and the corruptions of polished Their only strength consists in our division : that truth society; and then, even with all the strumpets and pick they seem to have a glimpse of. Their chief ambition pockets which they insolently reckon among us, we should is to scatter us, and take advantage of our weakness. still be the most virtuous and best-conducted class of Be stedfast to each other, and they are powerless ; divide, society. But we, brethren, who constitute the laborious and we are slaves,--slaves not to them alone, but to each productive class, do not deserve the stigma.

other. The writer argues that the operatives want

Derby has fallen ; but she will rise again, healed of

her bruises, and resolute in strength. Leeds is struggling, no high-flown acquirements; no new powers of

and gasping in the struggle ; but unity will give her mind ; no new doctrines : all that they want is breath. All Britain groans against her money-changers' a conviction that their own affairs are their own heartless tyranny. Away, then, with all petty strivonly, (for they have no real representatives ;)

ing, and let all Britain be as one! Let every lodge be that they must act for themselves, and have

asked the question, Will you sign that scrawl of ignomi. confidence in their own rights, and the power of

ny? that insult to humanity—the seal of slavery, and

signature of your debasement? If any one says, ay! obtaining them; and that they need only to ex then let him wear the brand for ever; treat him as a ert common sense, and be resolutely determined loathsome thing ; shun him as you would a pestilence ; to look straight forward.

make him a bugaboo to fright your children ; and, when Even in point of book-knowledge or literature, of

you hear his voice, imagine him a rattle-snake, consider which so much is thought at the present day, the barons

him unclean, and startle from the hoof-marks of his clo

ven feet. and the first representatives of the commons, five hun. dred years ago, were far more ignorant than the majority This is all very spirited and apt to the purof ourselves, brethren, are at present; but they depended pose of the writer, though the “cloven foot” of

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a " rattle-snake” is somewhat too original., The perior in its rights to property, which is nothing more energy of its vituperations and denouncements than its creature, and the work of its hands!"

Your object must be to change your wages into a fair is not greater than that of its exhortation, while

share of profits of the productive concern in which you its illustrative power is frequently of a primitive are employed. This is the object of Trades' Unions, if character.

they have any rational object at all—and I do not see Our cause is just, our means are honourable, and all

why it is not at once openly avowed. I would banish our actions guided by the love of peace. Union makes

the word wages from the language, and consign it, with men strong, and those who sow division but wish to take the word slavery, to histories and dictionaries. Wages advantage of its weakness. Cheer up, then, Brothers ! is a term of purchase; it means the piece-meal purchase the virtue of our cause should make us dauntless ; our of your blood, and bones, and brains, at weekly payments ; struggle is for food, and raiment, and other comforts. it is the present name for the Saturday's market price of

God surely has not made the world too narrow to yield man, woman, and child ! his creatures food enough to live on. The earth, the sea, Is not the writer cavilling, in this instance, the sky, abound with nourishment. Then wherefore is about a word. If wages are sufficiently high to it mankind reaps it not ? Has Nature placed her fruits beyond man's reach?

be considered a fair remuneration, what is that Not so! for he brings the pearl from the deep, deep sea, and gathers the herb from the

but a fair share of the profits ? Wages are never mountain-top. The tenant of the sky falls at his feet, paid out of a continual or average loss. The and he fills his net with ocean produce. On burning next quotation is from an article “ On Revolu. sands and in the midst of rigid snow he leaves the traces

tion, as it regards the Working Classes." of bis step; he strips the wild beast of its skin, and plucks the plumage of the lofty warbler; he creeps into the

You must help yourselves ; and it is sometimes the bowels of the earth, and hides himself among the clouds.

best position that a man or body of men can find them. All nature yields unto his enterprise but man! His fel.

selves in, to be thus thrown so entirely upon their own low man buys up his sweat and leaves him, after all his

exertions. Every thought is summoned up, every enerlabour, to hunger and to thirst !! By what misgovern

gy is upon the stretch ; when a man is obliged to be his ment is this, that one man preys upon another ? and who

own friend, nothing is left undone; he is a true friend perpetuates the heartless fraud that makes so many poor

to himself—and such, brethren, we must be to our

selves. and needy? Dear Brothers, the world would fain persuade us that

State revolutions are, in fact, of no concern whatever we were born too late ; for Heaven, it seems, gave all the

to us, brethren, as long as we are shackled with social land to Peter, and Peter let it to the Pope, and the Pope

dependence, as long as we are obliged to sell ourselves by sublet it to the Holy Fathers; and, lastly Kings and

the week, instead of sharing in the products of our toil. Nobles robbed them of it, and left it to their own dear

You remember the old fable of the beast of burden and heirs and heiresses !

his driver. “ Make haste, you lazy, heavy-heeled brute," We will conclude our notice of the Pioneer,

exclaimed the stupid clown, beating his poor ass over the

head at the same time; “ make haste, or we shall fall by giving a few miscellaneous extracts, taken at

into the hands of our enemies of the opposite party.” random in glancing over three or four numbers. 'Twas at the time of one of those revolutionary freaks

Your position in society, brethren, is one of great diffi called civil wars, which are always so full of high public culty, and there is nothing in the history of past times spirit and bloodshed. “ What are your parties to me?" parallel with the struggle you are called upon to make; said the wretched ass, shaking his ears, that felt as well for at no times and in no country did the great produc as heard the impatience of his alarmed driver. “ What tive power of labour stand forward to demand its full shall either I or you, you servile lout, be the worse or the remuneration, as it does at present in this country. better, whether we belong to this party of state plun

The contest now going on, apparently between profits derers or the other? We cannot labour more than twen, and wages, is actually a contest against ruin on the part ty hours in the twenty-four for either party; and I must of the capitalists, as much as it is a contest against direct have provender, and you must have bread of some sort ; starvation on the part of the working class. The editor and that of the opposite party, as you call them, can't of ibe T'imes insists that the powers of production are well be coarser or less in quantity than what we get now!" still, and ever must be, beneath the wants of the com We consider it of the highest importance for munity, and that you, brethren of the working classes,

us to see what the working classes would be at ; get more than your share of the whole produce. Will nothing teach this man the plain principles of common

if their Unions really have a definite object, to sense ?

discover what it is, what they do, and what they Capital is, under the present unnatural system, set at do not wish to effect? The above goes a great enmity with labour; and swaggering Profit, with his

way to help us to the knowledge. Our last ex. greasy chin and swollen belly, is taught to ill-treat his

tract is from a paper

“ On the folly of looking poor, miserable father, Labour, and give him as many kicks as half-pence for his wages. There are two interests

to Government for social aid." in the state where there ought to be but one; and the Where is Mr. Martin to get a clause appended to editor of the Times is fomenting the differences between his bill, including working men among his animals ? them.

It is plain to any man who No wonder, then, that the cry for universal suffrage thinks upon the subject, and reads the debates in the has been at times loud and fearful. I have heard its newspaper reports for one week together, that Govern. deep, hollow mutterings, like thunder over the waves ment as it is at present circumstanced, is reduced to a previous to a storm ; and I have felt myself impelled by mere stand-still. Before they can do a little they must a resistless impulse of all the best feelings within me, to undo a great deal. Tespond to the tone. Yet, as I looked at the condition of It is no benefit to tell a man who is bleeding from my fellow-beings; as I looked closely into the state of wounds in all his limbs, that you have wrested the wea. dependence in which myself, and men dependent, like me, pon out of the hands of his assassin, and thrown it into for their daily bread on the sale they can obtain for their

the sea.

No, we must seek for remedies; we must stop weekly labour in a market of which the profit-mongering the flow of blood ; we must close the wounds; we must capitalists have the control, and of which their House of bandage the members; we must calm the fever; we Commons is the market-clerk,--I have paused, and ex must strengthen the vital powers, and renovate those claimed, “ No: not yet! social liberty must precede energies which are both the causes and the consequences political liberty."

of life. This would indeed be undoing the evil that has Among one of your earliest resolutions must be the been committed ; but this, brethren, neither Whigs nor declaration, that “Labour, the Creator of property, is su Tories are capable of effecting. It is a task of labour

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and of love; a task of strong feeling, and of pure pa- sinking, comes a Government prosecution, which triotism.

puts it down! The consequence is, it is now up A bloody sceptre may demand the poor man's life, whenever he tries to shuffle off the yoke. But truth and

again! The same happened to the Weekly Polove of freedom never die ; the spirit of progression is

lice Gazette, which being a worthless production eternal ; and every noble soul who suffers in the cause, could never have continued to circulate twentythough wronged himself, still adds a new power to human five thousand weekly. After the prosecution, it right.

is doing well again, we hear. The Twopenny, he er had at one time a circulation of Despatch is a newspaper, intended, no doubt, to between twenty and twenty-five thousand copies supersede the original stamped paper ; .in which a-week! Our surprise at finding writing of the

purpose, however, it does not appear to meet superior kind, such as we have extracted, in a with much success.

The same may be said of periodical springing up from among the poorest The Penny Times, The Penny Satirist, &c. Old class in society, (who produce all the wealth, Nick is also a newspaper, and a most disgusting and most of the best knowledge,) is not great, piece of foolery. It is crammed with the corresfor the reasons we have previously given, as pondence of imps, devils, and dated from Pandewarranted by all experience : but we confess that monium, &c. What The Hue and Cry newspaper we are much astonished that such writing should

may be, we do not know. Our philosophy could not find so large a class of readers. What must be quite descend to that; but we think the title speaks the march of intelligence when we find a vast for the contents. We must here observe, how. mass of mechanics and labourers reading and ever, that some of these newspapers are very comprehending, (or they would soon cease to cleverly concocted and arranged ; and as they purchase,) what those individuals who were usually borrow their “ leaders" and most of their hitherto only isolated examples of intellect rising original information from the staniped papers, out of obscurity, have been able to produce? In there can be no doubt but the circulation of the consequence, however, of the temporary disband. latter is materially injured, in consequence, The ing and disasters of the Trades' Unions, the stamped press is fighting under a great disadPioneer sunk to the ground. It has recently vantage ; and this ought to be remedied, not by attempted a resuscitation by merging into the

Government prosecutions, which seldom answer Weekly Chronicle, which is a twopenny news the purpose, but by withdrawing the Taxes upon paper; and as there can be no doubt in this

Knowledge! It is true that the average of the case, it is not improbable that the Stamp-Office Unstamped papers, “ will die of themselves, if may clap its paw upon it ere it has counted many you let them alone ;” others, however, are conweeks. Nor do we think the great names whom tinually rising in their place, prolific as flies they have chosen to place as responsible parties, above the dead. Away then with the odious will have the desired effect. We allude to the

Taxes upon Knowledge! and give all the intel. announcement, at the bottom of its concluding lect of the country fair play. column; in which it is difficult to say whether We shall conclude our notice of the Unstamped the wit is not equal to the impudence :

with the Oficinl Gazette of The Trades Unions. « Printed by Lord Brougham, 23, Prince's It is conducted by the Executive Council of the Street, Drury Lane! Published by Benjamin Consolidated Union; and from its moderation, the Franklin, 378, Strand, c.

argumentative character of its tone, and the The Gauntlet was a violent Revolutionary superior quality of its matter, is altogether a paper, chiefly filled with the writings of Mr. R.

very praiseworthy production. It is not a news, Carlile. Incessant persecution has turned this paper, but an exclusive magazine, or authentic individual into an insufferable egotist, and he organ of one definite class,—the United Opera. has no original powers of mind to serve as a tives of the country. We will let it speak for qualification to our disgust. But that he has itself. been a voluntary martyr to the cause of the working classes, according to his view of the The Trades' Unions have many opponents among the

Middle Classes, and even among such of them as ought matter, there can be no doubt ; and his will

to have acquired more intelligence than hastily to mise unconquerable. The Gauntlet had once a very

judge the principles and actions of that vast body, from large circulation, but has now ceased. The whose indefatigable industry all classes derive their Cosmopolite was a similar production, and is like wealth and worldly comforts. Prejudice is not reason ; wise at an end. The People's Conservative, and

on the contrary, it is its chief adversary; for ignorance The Reformer, were both newspapers, and very

may be instructed, while prejudice refuses to listen ;

because one of its first attributes is obstinacy. Tbe creditably “got up.” The speculators eventual.

cause of the Trades' Unions has hitherto been too often ly found, however, it did not answer, and joined advocated with an unwise violence, which may emana te forces. Not being prosecuted, they sunk by no doubt, from the sincerest feeling, but can never intheir own weight to rise no more. We had al

duce conviction in those who are at present inimical.

Many who would otherwise bave given it a fair hearing, most forgotten a little paper called, The Figaro.

turn away disgusted or provoked at finding their unter He is “ the funniest rogue !” turning every standings attacked by storm, instead of steady dispas. thing into wit that suits such purpose, with the sionate explanations and arguments. One of the chief same case that a Tory deals with truth and objects of this Official publication, is to induce a go falsehood. Abstract principle is out of the ques

neral good feeling among all classes, grounded upon

its own tone of reasonable disquisition, and the fair tion. The Man, is a newspaper, and had at one statement of its cause. Let no one refuse to hear a time an immense circulation. Just as it was Dianly and honest appeal; the very act of such wilful

THE MIDDLE CLASSES.

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